Results for 'Steven J. Hasse'

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  1. Confidence in word detection predicts word identification: Implications for an unconscious perception paradigm.Steven J. Hasse & Gary D. Fisk - 2001 - American Journal of Psychology 114 (3):439-468.
  2.  91
    The role of the brain in perception.Paul Bach-Y.-Rita & Steven J. Hasse - 2001 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24 (5):975-975.
    The recent interest of cognitive- and neuro-scientists in the topic of consciousness (and the dissatisfaction with the present state of knowledge) has revealed deep conceptual differences with Humanists, who have dealt with issues of consciousness for centuries. O'Regan & Noë have attempted (unsuccessfully) to bridge those differences.
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  3.  29
    Optimal deterrence*: Steven J. Brams and D. Marc Kilgour.Steven J. Brams - 1985 - Social Philosophy and Policy 3 (1):118-135.
    1. Introduction The policy of deterrence, at least to avert nuclear war between the superpowers, has been a controversial one. The main controversy arises from the threat of each side to visit destruction on the other in response to an initial attack. This threat would seem irrational if carrying it out would lead to a nuclear holocaust – the worst outcome for both sides. Instead, it would seem better for the side attacked to suffer some destruction rather than to retaliate (...)
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  4. The Picture Theory of Disability.Steven J. Firth - 2023 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 1 (2):198-216.
    The leading models of disability struggle to fully encompass all aspects of “disability.” This difficulty arises, the author argues, because the models fundamentally misunderstand the nature of disability. Current theoretical approaches to disability can be understood as “nounal,” in that they understand disability as a thing that is caused or embodied. In contrast, this paper presents an adverbial perspective on disability, which shows that disability is experienced as a personally irremediable impediment to daily-living tasks or goals-like-ours. The picture theory of (...)
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  5. Visual working memory capacity: from psychophysics and neurobiology to individual differences.Steven J. Luck & Edward K. Vogel - 2013 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 17 (8):391-400.
  6.  25
    Is there a universal need for positive self-regard?Steven J. Heine, Darrin R. Lehman, Hazel Rose Markus & Shinobu Kitayama - 1999 - Psychological Review 106 (4):766-794.
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  7. Fair Division: From Cake-Cutting to Dispute Resolution.Steven J. Brams & Alan D. Taylor - 1996 - Cambridge University Press.
    Cutting a cake, dividing up the property in an estate, determining the borders in an international dispute - such problems of fair division are ubiquitous. Fair Division treats all these problems and many more through a rigorous analysis of a variety of procedures for allocating goods, or deciding who wins on what issues, when there are disputes. Starting with an analysis of the well-known cake-cutting procedure, 'I cut, you choose', the authors show how it has been adapted in a number (...)
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  8.  40
    Making Sense of Genetics: The Problem of Essentialism.Steven J. Heine, Benjamin Y. Cheung & Anita Schmalor - 2019 - Hastings Center Report 49 (S1):19-26.
    Abstract“Psychological essentialism” refers to our tendency to view the natural world as emerging from the result of deep, hidden, and internal forces called “essences.” People tend to believe that genes underlie a person’s identity. People encounter information about genetics on a regular basis, as through media such as a New York Times piece “Infidelity Lurks in Your Genes” or a 23andMe commercial showing people acquiring new ethnic identities as the result of their genotyping. How do people make sense of new (...)
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  9.  31
    Addressing Antibiotic Resistance Requires Robust International Accountability Mechanisms.Steven J. Hoffman & Trygve Ottersen - 2015 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 43 (s3):53-64.
    Most proposals for new international agreements aim to address important global challenges. If the goal is to solve problems, then the value of these agreements depends on their ability to influence the world — to shape norms, constrain behavior, facilitate cooperation, and mobilize action. A recent review of empirical studies has suggested that many international agreements fail to achieve their aspirations. The review indicates that the form in which states make commitments to each other — through an international legal agreement (...)
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  10.  20
    Anent the theoretical justification of a sex doula program.Steven J. Firth & Ivars Neiders - 2023 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 44 (2):125-140.
    The Human Condition is neither a well-defined nor well-described concept—nevertheless, it is generally agreed that human sexuality is a fundamental and constituent part of it. For most able-bodied persons, accessing and expressing one's sexuality is a (relatively) trouble-free process. However, many disabled persons experience difficulty in accessing their sexuality, while others experience such significant barriers that they are often precluded from sexual citizenship altogether. Recognising the barriers to the sexual citizenship of disabled persons, the concept of a Welfare-Funded Sex Doula (...)
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  11.  25
    What Will It Take to Address the Global Threat of Antibiotic Resistance?Steven J. Hoffman & Kevin Outterson - 2015 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 43 (2):363-368.
    In March 2015, the Dag Hammarskjöld Foundation convened a workshop in Uppsala, Sweden to address questions about antibiotic resistance, in partnership with the Global Strategy Lab, the Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics, the Norwegian Institute of Public Health, and ReAct – Action on Antibiotic Resistance. Eleven concise articles were commissioned to explore whether ABR depended on global collective action, and if so, what tools could help states and non-state actors to achieve it. This article introduces that collection, which is (...)
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  12.  9
    Public opinion quarterly : Steven J. Rosenstone, John Mark Hansen, and Donald R. Kinder, measuring change in personal economic well-being, 50 (1986) 176-192.J. Scott Armstrong & Steven J. Rosenstone - 1988 - International Journal of Forecasting 4 (1).
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  13.  26
    Governing the Global Antimicrobial Commons: Introduction to Special Issue.Steven J. Hoffman, Julian Savulescu, Alberto Giubilini, Claas Kirchhelle, Susan Rogers Van Katwyk, Isaac Weldon, Brooke Campus, Mark Harrison, Hannah Maslen & Angela McLean - 2023 - Health Care Analysis 31 (1):1-8.
    Antimicrobial resistance is one of the greatest public health crises of our time. The natural biological process that causes microbes to become resistant to antimicrobial drugs presents a complex social challenge requiring more effective and sustainable management of the global antimicrobial commons—the common pool of effective antimicrobials. This special issue of Health Care Analysis explores the potential of two legal approaches—one long-term and one short-term—for managing the antimicrobial commons. The first article explores the lessons for antimicrobial resistance that can be (...)
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  14. Confession-Building, Long-Distance Networks, and the Organization of Jesuit Science.Steven J. Harris - 1996 - Early Science and Medicine 1 (3):287-318.
    The ability of the Society of Jesus to engage in a broad and enduring tradition of scientific activity is here addressed in terms of its programmatic commitment to the consolidation and extension of the Catholic confession and its mastery of the administrative apparatus necessary to operate long-distance networks. The Society's early move into two major apostolates, one in education and the other in the overseas missions, brought Jesuits into regular contact with the educated elites of Europe and at the same (...)
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  15.  22
    Efficacious Grace and Free Will: Six Inadequate Arguments.Steven J. Jensen - 2023 - Nova et Vetera 21 (1):115-146.
    In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content:Efficacious Grace and Free Will:Six Inadequate ArgumentsSteven J. JensenDuring the de auxiliis controversies, the idea of efficacious grace was used extensively as an attempt to explain the manner in which God infallibly achieves his will at the level of supernatural grace. One meaning of efficacious grace has often been considered inconsistent with the idea of free will. The inconsistency—if there is any—depends upon a particular meaning, according to which (...)
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  16.  42
    Understanding and defining cognitive style and learning style: a Delphi study in the context of educational psychology.Steven J. Armstrong, Elizabeth R. Peterson & Stephen G. Rayner - 2012 - Educational Studies 38 (4):449-455.
    This report outlines the findings from a Delphi study designed to establish consensus on the definitions of cognitive style and learning style amongst an international style researcher community. The study yields long-needed definitions for each construct that reflect high levels of agreement. In a field that has been criticised for a bewildering array of definitions and a proliferation of terms and concepts, this study represents an important step to address confusion in the meaning of the two terms. New researchers interested (...)
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  17.  44
    California semantics meets the great fact.Steven J. Wagner - 1986 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 27 (3):430-455.
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  18.  48
    Sense and the identity conception of truth.Steven J. Methven - 2018 - European Journal of Philosophy 26 (3):1041-1056.
    The identity conception of truth holds that a thinkable is true just in case it is a fact. As such, it sets itself against correspondence theories of truth, while respecting the substantive role played by truth in respect of enquiry. In this article, I motivate and develop that view, and, in so doing, promote a particular conception of sense. This allows me to defend the view from two substantial criticisms. First, that the identity conception of truth is incoherent in respect (...)
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  19. David J. Buller, Adapting Minds: Evolutionary Psychology and the Persistent Quest for Human Nature Reviewed by.Steven J. Scher - 2006 - Philosophy in Review 26 (4):243-245.
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  20.  69
    Two-Person Fair Division of Indivisible Items - Bentham vs. Rawls on Envy.Steven J. Brams, D. Marc Kilgour, Christian Klamler & Fan Wei - 2023 - Journal of Philosophy 120 (8):441-456.
    Suppose two players wish to divide a finite set of indivisible items, over which each distributes a specified number of points. Assuming the utility of a player’s bundle is the sum of the points it assigns to the items it contains, we analyze what divisions are fair. We show that if there is an envy-free (EF) allocation of the items, two other desirable properties—Pareto-optimality (PO) and Maximinality (MM)—can also be satisfied, rendering these three properties compatible. But there may be no (...)
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  21.  67
    Neuromarketing: Ethical Implications of its Use and Potential Misuse.Steven J. Stanton, Walter Sinnott-Armstrong & Scott A. Huettel - 2017 - Journal of Business Ethics 144 (4):799-811.
    Neuromarketing is an emerging field in which academic and industry research scientists employ neuroscience techniques to study marketing practices and consumer behavior. The use of neuroscience techniques, it is argued, facilitates a more direct understanding of how brain states and other physiological mechanisms are related to consumer behavior and decision making. Herein, we will articulate common ethical concerns with neuromarketing as currently practiced, focusing on the potential risks to consumers and the ethical decisions faced by companies. We argue that the (...)
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  22.  7
    Whither a Welfare-Funded Sex Doula' Programme?Steven J. Firth - 2019 - Journal of Medical Ethics Recent Issues 45 (6):361-364.
    The sexual citizenship of disabled persons is an ethically contentious issue with important and broad-reaching ramifications. Awareness of the issue has risen considerably due to the increasingly public responses from charitable organisations which have recently sought to respond to the needs of disabled persons—yet this important debate still struggles for traction in academia. In response, this paper continues the debate raised in this journal between Appel and Di Nucci, concurring with Appel’s proposals that sexual pleasure is a fundamental human right (...)
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  23.  32
    The Quality Adjusted Life Year: A Total-Utility Perspective.Steven J. Firth - 2018 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 27 (2):284-294.
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  24.  17
    Hypnotic involuntariness: A social cognitive analysis.Steven J. Lynn, Judith W. Rhue & John R. Weekes - 1990 - Psychological Review 97 (2):169-184.
  25.  56
    The rationalist conception of logic.Steven J. Wagner - 1987 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 28 (1):3-35.
  26.  47
    The Sex Doula Programme.Steven J. Firth & Ivars Neiders - 2024 - In Gabriel Bennett & Emma Goodall (eds.), palgrave encyclopedia of disability. Palgrave Macmillan Cham. pp. 1-9.
    The Welfare-Funded Sex Doula Programme is a proposed sexual needs service that advances the sexual citizenship of disabled people by providing specially trained ‘sex doulas’ to meet the various, often complex, sexual needs of disabled people. Conceived as providing disabled individuals with practical sexual support services, the role of the sex doula includes advocacy, counselling, therapy, and practical relief from sexual tension. The programme constitutes a robust, comprehensive, and theoretically cohesive welfare service that seeks to provision access to sexual citizenship (...)
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  27. James J. O'Donnell, Avatars of the Word. From Papyrus to Cyberspace Reviewed by.Steven J. Willett - 1999 - Philosophy in Review 19 (4):270-272.
     
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  28.  28
    Evolutionary Psychology: Alternative Approaches.Steven J. Scher & Frederick Rauscher (eds.) - 2002 - Kluwer Academic Publishers.
    The aim of this collection is not to reject evolutionary psychology but to open up new vistas which students and researchers can use to ensure that evolutionary ...
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  29. Can Classicists" Think like Greeks"?Steven J. Willett - forthcoming - Arion 6 (3).
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  30. Siu-Chi Huang, Essentials of Neo-Confucianism. Eight Major Philosophers of the Song and Ming Periods Reviewed by.Steven J. Willett - 2000 - Philosophy in Review 20 (6):415-417.
     
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  31. Watsuji Tetsuro,'Rinrigaku': Ethics in Japan Reviewed by.Steven J. Willett - 1997 - Philosophy in Review 17 (3):217-220.
  32.  34
    The Samaritan State and Social Welfare Provision.Steven J. Wulf - 2018 - Res Publica 24 (2):217-236.
    Christopher Wellman and some allied scholars argue that a ‘samaritan theory’ can justify state coercion. They also suppose that states may provide robust, social egalitarian welfare provisions for a variety of reasons that would arise within samaritan states. However, the most promising reasons—samaritanism itself, natural socialism, relational equality, and anti-crime paternalism—cannot support robust provision without discarding the strong presumption favoring individual liberty which must motivate the samaritan theory. Consequently, a samaritan state cannot be a robust social welfare state.
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  33.  21
    From Steam to Diesel: Managerial Customs and Organizational Capabilities in the Twentieth-Century American Locomotive Industry. Albert J. Churella.Steven J. Ericson - 2000 - Isis 91 (4):819-820.
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  34.  8
    Knowing the natural law: from precepts and inclinations to deriving oughts.Steven J. Jensen - 2015 - Washington, D.C.: Catholic University of America Press.
    The problem -- The text -- Inclinations -- Good -- Nature -- The will -- Ought -- Obligation -- Principles -- Action.
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  35.  22
    LSD before Leary: Sidney Cohen's Critique of 1950s Psychedelic Drug Research.Steven J. Novak - 1997 - Isis 88 (1):87-110.
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  36.  31
    The use and abuse of sociobiology.Steven J. C. Gaulin - 1986 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 9 (1):193-194.
  37.  32
    Aquinas’s Original Discovery.Steven J. Jensen - 2018 - American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 92 (1):73-95.
    According to Michael Barnwell, Aquinas’s explanation of the first cause of moral evil is inadequate. Against Barnwell’s criticisms, this article defends Aquinas, according to whom the first cause of moral evil is the failure to consider the moral rule. According to Barnwell, the ignorance found within Aquinas’s explanation must remove moral responsibility; Barnwell also points out that the failure to consider the moral rule does not explain the sinfulness of the action. Underlying Barnwell’s criticisms are certain presuppositions and oversights. First, (...)
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  38.  82
    Probability Learning, Event-Splitting Effects and the Economic Theory of Choice.Steven J. Humphrey - 1999 - Theory and Decision 46 (1):51-78.
    This paper reports an experiment which investigates a possible cognitive antecedent of event-splitting effects (ESEs) experimentally observed by Starmer and Sugden (1993) and Humphrey (1995) – the learning of absolute frequency of event category impacting on the learning of probability of event category – and reveals some evidence that it is responsible for observed ESEs. It is also suggested and empirically substantiated that stripped-down prospect theory will accurately predict ESEs in some decision making tasks, but will not perform well in (...)
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  39. The Living Universe: Nasa and the Development of Astrobiology.Steven J. Dick & James E. Strick - 2005 - Journal of the History of Biology 38 (2):386-387.
  40.  12
    The moment of truth.Steven J. Lawson - 2018 - Orlando, Florida: Reformation Trust.
    The reality of truth -- The reality of truth in a fallen world -- The reality of truth in the inerrant word -- The reality of truth in the written word -- The reality of truth in the exclusive Gospel -- The rejection of truth -- The rejection of truth by the first couple -- The rejection of truth by an unbelieving age -- The rejection of truth by a worldly church -- The rejection of truth in the Christian's life (...)
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  41. On the role of selective attention in visual perception.Steven J. Luck & Michelle Ford - 1998 - Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 95 (3):825-830.
  42.  22
    Matrilateral biases in the investment of aunts and uncles.Steven J. C. Gaulin, Donald H. McBurney & Stephanie L. Brakeman-Wartell - 1997 - Human Nature 8 (2):139-151.
    In a study of the kin investment of aunts and uncles we show that the laterality effect expected as a result of paternity uncertainty is statistically reliable but somewhat smaller than the sex effect. Matrilateral aunts invest significantly more than patrilateral aunts, and the same is true for uncles. Regardless of laterality, however, aunts invest significantly more than uncles. Multivariate controls show that the matrilateral bias is fully independent of any age or distance confounds that might result from sex differences (...)
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  43.  88
    Naturalism: A Critical Appraisal.Steven J. Wagner & Richard Wagner (eds.) - 1993 - University of Notre Dame Press.
    Naturalism - the thesis that all facts are natural facts, that is the facts that can be recognised and explained by a natural science - plays a central role in contemporary analytical philosophy. Yet many philosophers reject the claims of naturalism. The essays in this anthology explore the difficulties of naturalism by revealing the ambiguities surrounding it, as well as the tensions that exist among its critics.
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  44.  25
    Jesuit Scientific Activity in the Overseas Missions, 1540–1773.Steven J. Harris - 2005 - Isis 96 (1):71-79.
    ABSTRACT Within the context of national traditions in colonial science, the scientific activities of Jesuit missionaries present us with a unique combination of challenges. The multinational membership of the Society of Jesus gave its missionaries access to virtually every Portuguese, Spanish, and French colony. The Society was thus compelled to engage an astonishingly diverse array of cultural and natural environments, and that diversity of contexts is reflected in the range and the complexity of Jesuit scientific practices. Underlying that complexity, however, (...)
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  45.  36
    Interference effects demonstrate distinct roles for visual and motor imagery during the mental representation of human action.J. A. Stevens - 2005 - Cognition 95 (3):329-350.
  46.  24
    Sexual citizenship: defending society’s most disadvantaged.Steven J. Firth & Ivars Neiders - 2023 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 2023 (1):1-4.
  47.  32
    Some comments on the projectibility of anthropological hypotheses: Samoa briefly revisited.Steven J. Miller & Marcel Fredericks - 1989 - Erkenntnis 30 (3):279 - 299.
    The purpose of this article is to examine the applicability of the theory of projection for Anthropological hypotheses. The claim is made that Goodman's classic statement of the problem does not apply in its entirety to actual Anthropological hypotheses. The recent Freeman-Mead debate is employed as a framework for the discussion, illustrating that the issue of projectibility, while central for the social sciences, is best used as a backdrop to illustrate several important methodological problems. For Anthropology, and other related social (...)
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  48.  76
    Science and theology in the fourteenth century: The subalternate sciences in oxford commentaries on the sentences.Steven J. Livesey - 1990 - Synthese 83 (2):273 - 292.
    Both Pierre Duhem and his successors emphasized that medieval scholastics created a science of mechanics by bringing both observation and mathematical techniques to bear on natural effects. Recent research into medieval and early modern science has suggested that Aristotle's subalternate sciences also were used in this program, although the degree to which the theory of subalternation had been modified is still not entirely clear. This paper focuses on the English tradition of subalternation between 1310 and 1350, and concludes with a (...)
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  49.  16
    A Philosophical Theory of Citizenship: Obligation, Authority, and Membership.Steven J. Wulf - 2008 - Lexington Books.
    This book develops an “idiomatic” foundational theory of the self and its moral obligations. It then employs this theory to answer a variety of questions about legal obligation, political authority, community, and international justice. It argues that we ought to obey a particular community’s laws and government commands, so long as our government restricts itself to protecting classical liberty and individual property rights under the rule of law. It further argues that people today should ideally live in confederated, legally sovereign (...)
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  50.  9
    The Influence of Leader-Follower Cognitive Style Similarity on Followers’ Organizational Citizenship Behaviors.Steven J. Armstrong & Meng Qi - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
    While cognitive style congruence has been highlighted as a potentially important variable influencing performance outcomes in work-related contexts, studies of its influence are scarce. This paper examines the influence of leader-follower cognitive style similarity on followers’ organizational citizenship behaviors. Data from 430 leader-follower dyads were analyzed using polynomial regression and response surface analysis. Results demonstrate that congruence of leader/follower cognitive style is a predictor of follower organizational citizenship behaviors. Organizations may therefore benefit from considering issues of similarity of cognitive styles (...)
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