5 found
Steven Orla Kimbrough [3]Steven O. Kimbrough [2]
  1.  35
    On the Reduction of Genetics to Molecular Biology.Steven Orla Kimbrough - 1979 - Philosophy of Science 46 (3):389-406.
    The applicability of Nagel's concept of theory reduction, and related concepts of reduction, to the reduction of genetics to molecular biology is examined using the lactose operon in Escherichia coli as an example. Geneticists have produced the complete nucleotide sequence of two of the genes which compose this operon. If any example of reduction in genetics should fit Nagel's analysis, the lactose operon should. Nevertheless, Nagel's formal conditions of theory reduction are inapplicable in this case. Instead, it is argued that (...)
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  2.  13
    On Nonmonotonic Reasoning with the Method of Sweeping Presumptions.Steven O. Kimbrough & Hua Hua - 1991 - Minds and Machines 1 (4):393-416.
    Reasoning almost always occurs in the face of incomplete information. Such reasoning is nonmonotonic in the sense that conclusions drawn may later be withdrawn when additional information is obtained. There is an active literature on the problem of modeling such nonmonotonic reasoning, yet no category of method-let alone a single method-has been broadly accepted as the right approach. This paper introduces a new method, called sweeping presumptions, for modeling nonmonotonic reasoning. The main goal of the paper is to provide an (...)
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  3.  9
    On the Use of Likelihood as a Guide to Truth.Steven Orla Kimbrough - 1980 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1980:117 - 128.
    Confirmation functions are generally thought of as probability functions. The well known difficulties associated with the probabilistic confirmation functions proposed to date indicate that functions other than probability functions should be investigated for the purpose of developing an adequate basis for confirmation theory. This paper deals with one such function, the likelihood function. First, it is argued here that likelihood is not a probability function. Second, a proof is given that, in the limit, likelihood can be used to determine which (...)
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  4.  1
    The Normative Aspect of Signalling and the Distinction Between Performative and Constative.Andrew J. I. Jones & Steven O. Kimbrough - 2008 - Journal of Applied Logic 6 (2):218-228.
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  5. Circumventing the Problems of Induction: A Theory of Rational Hypothesis Choice in Science.Steven Orla Kimbrough - 1982 - Dissertation, The University of Wisconsin - Madison
    The burden of the present essay is to argue in favor of a proposition which is obviously true: that hypothesis choice in science is largely a rational procedure. This proposition needs arguing for because there is no philosophical theory, generally accepted as adequate, which explains why science is, or explains how science can be, rational. The main obstacles to an acceptable philosophical theory on this matter are the problems of induction . These problems seem to tell us that no amount (...)
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