109 found
Order:
  1.  9
    How the Mind Works.Steven Pinker - 1998 - Norton.
    A provocative assessment of human thought and behavior, reissued with a new afterword, explores a range of conundrums from the ability of the mind to perceive three dimensions to the nature of consciousness, in an account that draws on ...
    No categories
    Translate
      Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   185 citations  
  2. The Language Instinct.Steven Pinker - 1995 - Harper Perennial.
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   228 citations  
  3. Natural Language and Natural Selection.Steven Pinker & Paul Bloom - 1990 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 13 (4):707-27.
    Many people have argued that the evolution of the human language faculty cannot be explained by Darwinian natural selection. Chomsky and Gould have suggested that language may have evolved as the by-product of selection for other abilities or as a consequence of as-yet unknown laws of growth and form. Others have argued that a biological specialization for grammar is incompatible with every tenet of Darwinian theory – that it shows no genetic variation, could not exist in any intermediate forms, confers (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   219 citations  
  4. On Language and Connectionism.Steven Pinker & Alan Prince - 1988 - Cognition 28 (1-2):73-193.
  5. Natural Selection and Natural Language.Steven Pinker & Paul Bloom - 1990 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 13 (4):707-784.
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   262 citations  
  6. The Blank Slate. The Modern Denial of Human Nature.Steven Pinker - 2004 - Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 66 (4):765-767.
    No categories
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   83 citations  
  7.  29
    On the Demystification of Mental Imagery.Stephen M. Kosslyn, Steven Pinker, Sophie Schwartz & G. Smith - 1979 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 2 (4):535-81.
    What might a theory of mental imagery look like, and how might one begin formulating such a theory? These are the central questions addressed in the present paper. The first section outlines the general research direction taken here and provides an overview of the empirical foundations of our theory of image representation and processing. Four issues are considered in succession, and the relevant results of experiments are presented and discussed. The second section begins with a discussion of the proper form (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   153 citations  
  8.  2
    Formal Models of Language Learning.Steven Pinker - 1979 - Cognition 7 (3):217-283.
  9.  12
    Positive and Negative Evidence in Language Acquistion.Jane Grimshaw & Steven Pinker - 1989 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 12 (2):341.
  10. So How Does the Mind Work?Steven Pinker - 2005 - Mind and Language 20 (1):1-38.
    In my book How the Mind Works, I defended the theory that the human mind is a naturally selected system of organs of computation. Jerry Fodor claims that 'the mind doesn't work that way'(in a book with that title) because (1) Turing Machines cannot duplicate humans' ability to perform abduction (inference to the best explanation); (2) though a massively modular system could succeed at abduction, such a system is implausible on other grounds; and (3) evolution adds nothing to our understanding (...)
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   26 citations  
  11.  32
    The Past and Future of the Past Tense.Steven Pinker & Michael Ullman - 2002 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 6 (11):456-463.
    What is the interaction between storage and computation in language processing? What is the psychological status of grammatical rules? What are the relative strengths of connectionist and symbolic models of cognition? How are the components of language implemented in the brain? The English past tense has served as an arena for debates on these issues. We defend the theory that irregular past-tense forms are stored in the lexicon, a division of declarative memory, whereas regular forms can be computed by a (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   34 citations  
  12. The Faculty of Language: What's Special About It?Ray Jackendoff & Steven Pinker - 2005 - Cognition 95 (2):201-236.
    We examine the question of which aspects of language are uniquely human and uniquely linguistic in light of recent suggestions by Hauser, Chomsky, and Fitch that the only such aspect is syntactic recursion, the rest of language being either specific to humans but not to language (e.g. words and concepts) or not specific to humans (e.g. speech perception). We find the hypothesis problematic. It ignores the many aspects of grammar that are not recursive, such as phonology, morphology, case, agreement, and (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   23 citations  
  13.  31
    Productivity and Constraints in the Acquisition of the Passive.Steven Pinker - 1987 - Cognition 26 (3):195-267.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   45 citations  
  14.  11
    Visual Cognition: An Introduction.Steven Pinker - 1984 - Cognition 18 (1-3):1-63.
  15. The Stupidity of Dignity.Steven Pinker - manuscript
    Many people are vaguely disquieted by developments (real or imagined) that could alter minds and bodies in novel ways. Romantics and Greens tend to idealize the natural and demonize technology. Traditionalists and conservatives by temperament distrust radical change. Egalitarians worry about an arms race in enhancement techniques. And anyone is likely to have a "yuck" response when contemplating unprecedented manipulations of our biology. The President's Council has become a forum for the airing of this disquiet, and the concept of "dignity" (...)
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   10 citations  
  16. Words and Rules.Steven Pinker - manuscript
    The vast expressive power of language is made possible by two principles: the arbitrary soundmeaning pairing underlying words, and the discrete combinatorial system underlying grammar. These principles implicate distinct cognitive mechanisms: associative memory and symbolmanipulating rules. The distinction may be seen in the difference between regular inflection (e.g., walk-walked), which is productive and open-ended and hence implicates a rule, and irregular inflection (e.g., come-came, which is idiosyncratic and closed and hence implicates individually memorized words. Nonetheless, two very different theories have (...)
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   10 citations  
  17.  12
    Why No Mere Mortal Has Ever Flown Out to Center Field.John J. Kim, Steven Pinker, Alan Prince & Sandeep Prasada - 1991 - Cognitive Science 15 (2):173-218.
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   21 citations  
  18. The Nature of the Language Faculty and its Implications for Evolution of Language (Reply to Fitch, Hauser, and Chomsky).Steven Pinker - 2005 - Cognition 97 (2):211-225.
    In a continuation of the conversation with Fitch, Chomsky, and Hauser on the evolution of language, we examine their defense of the claim that the uniquely human, language-specific part of the language faculty (the “narrow language faculty”) consists only of recursion, and that this part cannot be considered an adaptation to communication. We argue that their characterization of the narrow language faculty is problematic for many reasons, including its dichotomization of cognitive capacities into those that are utterly unique and those (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   8 citations  
  19. The Cognitive Niche: Coevolution of Intelligence, Sociality, and Language.Steven Pinker - unknown
    Although Darwin insisted that human intelligence could be fully explained by the theory of evolution, the codiscoverer of natural selection, Alfred Russel Wallace, claimed that abstract intelligence was of no use to ancestral humans and could only be explained by intelligent design. Wallace’s apparent paradox can be dissolved with two hypotheses about human cognition. One is that intelligence is an adaptation to a knowledge-using, socially interdependent lifestyle, the “cognitive niche.” This embraces the ability to overcome the evolutionary fixed defenses of (...)
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   4 citations  
  20.  21
    The Reality of a Universal Language Faculty.Steven Pinker & Ray Jackendoff - 2009 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 32 (5):465-466.
    While endorsing Evans & Levinson's (E&L's) call for rigorous documentation of variation, we defend the idea of Universal Grammar as a toolkit of language acquisition mechanisms. The authors exaggerate diversity by ignoring the space of conceivable but nonexistent languages, trivializing major design universals, conflating quantitative with qualitative variation, and assuming that the utility of a linguistic feature suffices to explain how children acquire it.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   5 citations  
  21. Why Nature & Nurture Won't Go Away.Steven Pinker - 2004 - Daedalus.
  22.  5
    Direct Vs. Representational Views of Cognition: A Parallel Between Vision and Phonology.Samuel Jay Keyser & Steven Pinker - 1980 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 3 (3):389.
  23.  22
    The Past-Tense Debate The Past and Future of the Past Tense.Steven Pinker & Michael T. Ullman - 2002 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 6 (11):456-463.
    What is the interaction between storage and computation in language processing? What is the psychological status of grammatical rules? What are the relative strengths of connectionist and symbolic models of cognition? How are the components of language implemented in the brain? The English past tense has served as an arena for debates on these issues. We defend the theory that irregular past-tense forms are stored in the lexicon, a division of declarative memory, whereas regular forms can be computed by a (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   7 citations  
  24.  17
    The Biological Basis of Language: Insight From Developmental Grammatical Impairments.Heather K. J. van der Lely & Steven Pinker - 2014 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 18 (11):586-595.
  25. Language as an Adaptation to the Cognitive Niche.Steven Pinker - manuscript
    Th is chapter outlines the theory (fi rst explicitly defended by Pinker and Bloom 1990), that the human language faculty is a complex biological adaptation that evolved by natural selection for communication in a knowledgeusing, socially interdependent lifestyle. Th..
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   3 citations  
  26. The Logic of Indirect Speech.Steven Pinker - manuscript
    When people speak, they often insinuate their intent indirectly rather than stating it as a bald proposition. Examples include sexual come-ons, veiled threats, polite requests, and concealed bribes. We propose a three-part theory of indirect speech, based on the idea that human communication involves a mixture of cooperation and conflict. First, indirect requests allow for plausible deniability, in which a cooperative listener can accept the request, but an uncooperative one cannot react adversarially to it. This intuition is sup- ported by (...)
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   3 citations  
  27.  6
    Reinterpreting Visual Patterns in Mental Imagery.Ronald A. Finks, Steven Pinker & Martha J. Farah - 1989 - Cognitive Science 13 (1):51-78.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   11 citations  
  28.  25
    Combination and Structure, Not Gradedness, is the Issue.Steven Pinker & Michael Ullman - 2002 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 6 (11):472-474.
  29. Rationales for Indirect Speech: The Theory of the Strategic Speaker.James J. Lee & Steven Pinker - unknown
    Speakers often do not state requests directly but employ innuendos such as Would you like to see my etchings? Though such indirectness seems puzzlingly inefficient, it can be explained by a theory of the strategic speaker, who seeks plausible deniability when he or she is uncertain of whether the hearer is cooperative or antagonistic. A paradigm case is bribing a policeman who may be corrupt or honest: A veiled bribe may be accepted by the former and ignored by the latter. (...)
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   2 citations  
  30. A Reply to Jerry Fodor on How the Mind Works.Steven Pinker - 2005 - Mind and Language 20 (1):33-38.
  31.  21
    Toward a Consilient Study of Literature.Steven Pinker - 2007 - Philosophy and Literature 31 (1):162-178.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   3 citations  
  32. The Faculty of Language: What's Special About It? Ms. Harvard University and Brandeis University.Steven Pinker & Ray Jackendoff - forthcoming - Cognition.
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  33.  39
    Żegnaj, Przemocy.Steven Pinker - 2007 - Gazeta Wyborcza 157:13.
    Od wieków przemocy jest coraz mniej. Prawdopodobnie żyjemy dziś w najspokojniejszej epoce w dziejach człowieka na ziemi.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  34. Life in the Fourth Millennium.Steven Pinker - unknown
    People living at the start of the third millennium enjoy a world that would have been inconceivable to our ancestors living in the 100 millennia that our species has existed. Ignorance and myth have given way to an extraordinarily detailed understanding of life, matter and the universe. Slavery, despotism, blood feuds and patriarchy have vanished from vast expanses of the planet, driven out by unprecedented concepts of universal human rights and the rule of law. Technology has shrunk the globe and (...)
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   2 citations  
  35. How to Think About the Mind.Steven Pinker - manuscript
    Sept. 27 issue - Every evening our eyes tell us that the sun sets, while we know that, in fact, the Earth is turning us away from it. Astronomy taught us centuries ago that common sense is not a reliable guide to reality. Today it is neuroscience that is forcing us to readjust our intuitions. People naturally believe in the Ghost in the Machine: that we have bodies made of matter and spirits made of an ethereal something. Yes, people acknowledge (...)
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   2 citations  
  36. A History of Violence.Steven Pinker - manuscript
    n sixteenth-century Paris, a popular form of entertainment was cat-burning, in which a cat was hoisted in a sling on a stage and slowly lowered into a fire. According to historian Norman Davies, "[T]he spectators, including kings and According to historian Norman Davies, "[T]he spectators, including kings and queens, shrieked with laughter as the animals, howling with pain, were singed, roasted, and finally carbonized." Today, such sadism would be unthinkable in most of the world. This change in sensibilities is just (...)
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  37.  16
    Beyond One Model Per Phenomenon.Steven Pinker & Michael T. Ullman - 2003 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 7 (3):108-109.
  38. The Evolutionary Social Psychology of Off-Record Indirect Speech Acts.Steven Pinker - manuscript
    This paper proposes a new analysis of indirect speech in the framework of game theory, social psychology, and evolutionary psychology. It builds on the theory of Grice, which tries to ground indirect speech in pure rationality (the demands of e‰cient communication between two cooperating agents) and on the Politeness Theory of Brown and Levinson, who proposed that people cooperate not just in exchanging data but in saving face (both the speaker’s and the hearer’s). I suggest that these theories need to (...)
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  39. Block That Metaphor!Steven Pinker - manuscript
    he field of linguistics has exported a number of big ideas to the world. They include the evolution of languages as an inspiration to Darwin for the evolution of species; the analysis of contrasting sounds as an inspiration for structuralism in literary theory and anthropology; the Whorfian hypothesis that language shapes thought; and Chomsky's theory of deep structure and universal grammar. Even by these standards, George Lakoff's theory of conceptual metaphor is a lollapalooza. If Lakoff is right, his theory can (...)
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  40. Could a Computer Ever Be Conscious?Steven Pinker - manuscript
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  41. Some Evidence That Irregular Forms Are Retrieved From Memory but Regular Forms Are Rule Generated.Sandeep Prasada, Steven Pinker & William Snyder - 1990 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 28 (6):519-519.
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   2 citations  
  42.  24
    Evolutionary Psychology: An Exchange.Steven Pinker - unknown
    volutionary psychology is the attempt to understand our mental faculties in light of the evolutionary processes that shaped them. Stephen Jay Gould [NYR, June 12 and June 26] calls its ideas and their proponents "foolish," "fatuous," "pathetic," "egregiously simplistic," and some twenty-five synonyms for "fanatical." Such language is not just discourteous; it is misguided, for the ideas of evolutionary psychology are not as stupid as Gould makes them out to be. Indeed, they are nothing like what Gould makes them out (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  43.  8
    What's Special About the Human Language Faculty?Steven Pinker & Ray Jackendoff - 2005 - Cognition 95 (2).
  44.  33
    Steven Pinker.Steven Pinker - 2002 - Cognitive Science 1991 (1996).
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  45. The Mystery of Consciousness.Steven Pinker - manuscript
    The young women had survived the car crash, after a fashion. In the five months since parts of her brain had been crushed, she could open her eyes but didn't respond to sights, sounds or jabs. In the jargon of neurology, she was judged to be in a persistent vegetative state. In crueler everyday language, she was a vegetable.
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  46. In Defense of Dangerous Ideas In Every Age, Taboo Questions Raise Our Blood Pressure and Threaten Moral Panic. But We Cannot Be Afraid to Answer Them.Steven Pinker - unknown
    Tell us what you think This essay was first posted at Edge (www.edge.org) and is reprinted with permission. It is the Preface to the book 'What Is Your Dangerous Idea?: Today's Leading Thinkers on the Unthinkable,' published by HarperCollins. Write to controversy@suntimes.com..
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  47. Productivity and Conservatism in Language Acquisition.Steven Pinker - 1986 - In William Demopoulos (ed.), Language Learning and Concept Acquisition. Ablex. pp. 54--79.
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  48. Regular Habits.Steven Pinker - manuscript
    Language comes so naturally to us that we are apt to forget what a strange and miraculous gift it is. Over the next hour you will sit in your chairs listening to a man make noise as he exhales. Why would you do such a thing? Not because the sounds are particularly melodious, but because the sounds convey information in the exact sequence of hisses and hums and squeaks and pops. As you recover the information, you think the thoughts that (...)
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  49. Grammar Puss.Steven Pinker - unknown
     Language is a human instinct.   All societies have complex language, and everywhere the languages use the same kinds of grammatical machinery like nouns, verbs, auxiliaries, and agreement. All normal children develop language without conscious effort or formal lessons, and by the age of three they speak in  fluent  grammatical  sentences, outperforming the most sophisticated computers. Brain damage or congenital conditions can make a person a linguistic savant while severely retarded, or unable to speak normally (...)
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  50. Racist Language, Real and Imagined.Steven Pinker - manuscript
    Last week David Howard, an aide to the Mayor of Washington, resigned after a staff meeting in which he called his budget ''niggardly.'' A colleague thought he had used a racial epithet, though in fact ''niggard'' is a Middle English word meaning ''miser.'' It has nothing to do with the racial slur based on Spanish for ''black,'' which came into English centuries later.
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
1 — 50 / 109