Results for 'Steven W. Furber'

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  1.  40
    Dire Necessity and Transformation: Entry‐Points for Modern Science in Islamic Bioethical Assessment of Porcine Products in Vaccines.Aasim I. Padela, Steven W. Furber, Mohammad A. Kholwadia & Ebrahim Moosa - 2014 - Bioethics 28 (2):59-66.
    The field of medicine provides an important window through which to examine the encounters between religion and science, and between modernity and tradition. While both religion and science consider health to be a ‘good’ that is to be preserved, and promoted, religious and science-based teachings may differ in their conception of what constitutes good health, and how that health is to be achieved. This paper analyzes the way the Islamic ethico-legal tradition assesses the permissibility of using vaccines that contain porcine-derived (...)
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  2. The Evolution of Human Mating: Trade-Offs and Strategic Pluralism.Steven W. Gangestad & Jeffry A. Simpson - 2000 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (4):573-587.
    During human evolutionary history, there were “trade-offs” between expending time and energy on child-rearing and mating, so both men and women evolved conditional mating strategies guided by cues signaling the circumstances. Many short-term matings might be successful for some men; others might try to find and keep a single mate, investing their effort in rearing her offspring. Recent evidence suggests that men with features signaling genetic benefits to offspring should be preferred by women as short-term mates, but there are trade-offs (...)
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  3.  36
    Symbols, Computation, and Intentionality: A Critique of the Computational Theory of Mind.Steven W. Horst - 1996 - University of California Press.
    In this carefully argued critique, Steven Horst pronounces the theory deficient.
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  4.  20
    Processing of Visual Feedback in Rapid Movements.Steven W. Keele & Michael I. Posner - 1968 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 77 (1):155.
  5.  9
    The Cognitive and Neural Architecture of Sequence Representation.Steven W. Keele, Richard Ivry, Ulrich Mayr, Eliot Hazeltine & Herbert Heuer - 2003 - Psychological Review 110 (2):316-339.
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  6. A Picture Held Us Captive: The Later Wittgenstein and Visual Argumentation.Steven W. Patterson - 2011 - Cogency: Journal of Reasoning and Argumentation 2 (2):105-134.
    The issue of whether or not there are visual arguments has been an issue in informal logic and argumentation theory at least since 1996. In recent years, books, sections of prominent conferences and special journals issues have been devoted to it, thus significantly raising the profile of the debate. In this paper I will attempt to show how the views of the later Wittgenstein, particularly his views on images and the no- tion of “picturing”, can be brought to bear on (...)
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  7.  91
    Laws, Mind, and Free Will.Steven W. Horst - 2011 - MIT Press.
    Since the seventeenth century, our understanding of the natural world has been one of phenomena that behave in accordance with natural laws. While other elements of the early modern scientific worldview may be rejected or at least held in question—the metaphor of the world as a great machine, the narrowly mechanist assumption that all physical interactions must be contact interactions, the idea that matter might actually be obeying rules laid down by its Divine Author – the notion of natural law (...)
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  8. Functionalism, Normativity and the Concept of Argumentation.Steven W. Patterson - 2011 - Informal Logic 31 (1):1-26.
    In her 2007 paper, “Argument Has No Function” Jean Goodwin takes exception with what she calls the “explicit function claims”, arguing that not only are function-based accounts of argumentation insufficiently motivated, but they fail to ground claims to normativity. In this paper I stake out the beginnings of a functionalist answer to Goodwin.
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  9.  1
    Steven W. Laycock, Mind as Mirror and the Mirroring of Mind: Buddhist Reflections on Western Phenomenology. Albany: State University of New York Press, 1994, Pp. Xiv + 337. [REVIEW]Steven Heine - 1995 - Journal of Chinese Philosophy 22 (4):507-510.
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  10.  7
    Does Connectionism Suffice?Steven W. Zucker - 1985 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 8 (2):301-302.
  11. The Methodological Usefulness of Deep Disagreement.Steven W. Patterson - 2015 - Cogency: Journal of Reasoning and Argumentation 6 (2).
    In this paper I begin by examining Fogelin’s account of deep disagreement. My contention is that this account is so deeply flawed as to cast doubt on the possibility that such deep disagreements actually happen. Nevertheless, I contend that the notion of deep disagreement itself is a useful theoretical foil for thinking about argumentation. The second part of this paper makes this case by showing how thinking about deep disagreements from the perspective of rhetoric, Walton-style argumentation theory, computation, and normative (...)
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  12.  43
    Sexual Selection and Physical Attractiveness.Steven W. Gangestad - 1993 - Human Nature 4 (3):205-235.
    Sexual selection processes have received much attention in recent years, attention reflected in interest in human mate preferences. Among these mate preferences are preferences for physical attractiveness. Preferences in and of themselves, however, do not fully explain the nature of the relationships that individuals attain. A tacit negotiation process underlies relationship formation and maintenance. The notion that preferences for physical attractiveness evolved under parasite-driven “good genes” sexual selection leads to predictions about the nature of trade-offs that individuals make between mates’ (...)
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  13.  23
    On the Genesis of Abstract Ideas.Michael I. Posner & Steven W. Keele - 1968 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 77 (3, Pt.1):353-363.
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  14.  33
    Behavioral Genetic Variation, Adaptation and Maladaptation: An Evolutionary Perspective.Steven W. Gangestad & Ronald A. Yeo - 1997 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 1 (3):103-108.
  15.  81
    Adaptationism – How to Carry Out an Exaptationist Program.Paul W. Andrews, Steven W. Gangestad & Dan Matthews - 2002 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25 (4):489-504.
    1 Adaptationism is a research strategy that seeks to identify adaptations and the specific selective forces that drove their evolution in past environments. Since the mid-1970s, paleontologist Stephen J. Gould and geneticist Richard Lewontin have been critical of adaptationism, especially as applied toward understanding human behavior and cognition. Perhaps the most prominent criticism they made was that adaptationist explanations were analogous to Rudyard Kipling's Just So Stories. Since storytelling is an inherent part of science, the criticism refers to the acceptance (...)
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  16.  34
    Attention Demands of Memory Retrieval.Steven W. Keele - 1972 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 93 (2):245.
  17.  85
    Facial Attractiveness.Randy Thornhill & Steven W. Gangestad - 1999 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 3 (12):452-460.
  18.  11
    Comment: Wood Et Al.'s (2014) Speculations of Inappropriate Research Practices in Ovulatory Cycle Studies.Steven W. Gangestad - 2016 - Emotion Review 8 (1):87-90.
    Wood, Kressel, Joshi, and Louie meta-analyzed studies examining changes in women’s mate preferences as a function of cycle phase, and claimed to find little evidence for shifts, contrary to Gildersleeve, Haselton, and Fales’s meta-analysis. This commentary concerns specific speculations Wood et al. made about particular researchers analyzing data multiple ways, capitalizing on chance and thereby inflating the Type I error rate. In so doing, Wood et al. misconstrued a key article explaining the high fertility period, misrepresented studies, and presented no (...)
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  19. Review of Informal Logic: A Pragmatic Approach. [REVIEW]Steven W. Patterson - 2009 - Cogency: Journal of Reasoning and Argumentation 1 (1):139-147.
  20.  77
    Human Facial Beauty.Randy Thornhill & Steven W. Gangestad - 1993 - Human Nature 4 (3):237-269.
    It is hypothesized that human faces judged to be attractive by people possess two features—averageness and symmetry—that promoted adaptive mate selection in human evolutionary history by way of production of offspring with parasite resistance. Facial composites made by combining individual faces are judged to be attractive, and more attractive than the majority of individual faces. The composites possess both symmetry and averageness of features. Facial averageness may reflect high individual protein heterozygosity and thus an array of proteins to which parasites (...)
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  21.  60
    Nothingness and Emptiness: Exorcising the Shadow of God in Sartre. [REVIEW]Steven W. Laycock - 1991 - Man and World 24 (4):395-407.
  22.  2
    Nothingness and Emptiness a Buddhist Engagement with the Ontology of Jean-Paul Sartre.Steven W. Laycock - 2001 - SUNY Press.
    Using Buddhist thought, explores and challenges the philosophy of Jean-Paul Sartre.
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  23.  54
    Kreacher's Lament: SPEW as a Parable on Discrimination, Indifference, and Social Justice.Steven W. Patterson - 2004 - In David Baggett, Shawn E. Klein & William Irwin (eds.), Harry Potter and Philosophy: If Aristotle Ran Hogwarts. Chicago: Open Court. pp. 105--117.
  24.  64
    Consciousness It/Self.Steven W. Laycock - 2002 - In Shaun Gallagher & Jonathan Shear (eds.), Journal of Consciousness Studies. Imprint Academic. pp. 141-152.
    For better or for worse, I find myself in the company of the `misers' of Galen Strawson's portrayal who, in response to the question, `Is there such a thing as the self?' rejoin: `Well, there is something of which the sense of the self is an accurate representation, but it does not follow that there is any such thing as the self' . Far from representing a form of `metaphysical excess' , the rejoinder seems faithfully and reliably phenomenological. We need (...)
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  25.  25
    Society and Museum: A History of the Buffalo Society of Natural Sciences, 1861-1993, and the Buffalo Museum of Science, 1928-1993. George F. Goodyear, Virginia L. Cummings, Ethel Lee Helffenstein, Joan G. Manias. [REVIEW]Steven W. Allison - 1996 - Isis 87 (3):562-563.
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  26. Review of Sharon Bailin and Mark Battersby, Reason in the Balance. [REVIEW]Steven W. Patterson - 2012 - Controvérsia 8 (1):87-91.
     
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  27. Women's Estrus and Extended Sexuality: Reflections on Empirical Patterns and Fundamental Theoretical Issues.Steven W. Gangestad & Tran Dinh - 2022 - Frontiers in Psychology 13.
    How do women's sexual interests change across their ovulatory cycles? This question is one of the most enduring within the human evolutionary behavioral sciences. Yet definitive, agreed-upon answers remain elusive. One empirical pattern appears to be robust: Women experience greater levels of sexual desire and interest when conceptive during their cycles. But this pattern is not straightforward or self-explanatory. We lay out multiple possible, broad explanations for it. Based on selectionist reasoning, we argue that the conditions that give rise to (...)
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  28.  36
    Are Arguments Abstract Objects?Steven W. Patterson - unknown
    Geoff Goddu's 2010 paper "Is 'Argument' subject to the process/product ambiguity?" and Paul Simard-Smith and Andrei Moldovan's 2011 paper “Arguments as abstract objects” have revived the dialogue about what might be called the "metaphysics of argument". Both papers are important. Both also seem to me to be open to significant objections. In this paper I will lay out some of these objections and give, in rough outline, the kernel of an alternative approach.
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  29. Parvis Emad, "Heidegger and the Phenomenology of Values". [REVIEW]Steven W. Davis - 1985 - Journal of Value Inquiry 19 (3):247.
     
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  30.  5
    Changing Internal Constraints on Action: The Role of Backward Inhibition.Ulrich Mayr & Steven W. Keele - 2000 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 129 (1):4-26.
  31. Enforceability and Primary Rights.Steven W. Patterson - 2003 - Dissertation, Wayne State University
    In this dissertation I argue that the concept of a moral right is best explicated by means of the concept of morally legitimate coercion. This thesis, which I call the enforceability thesis, says that to have a right is to have a claim such that one would be justified in pursuing a course of action up to and including harm should the claim be dissatisfied. I contend that this thesis, if it is true, explains much about our intuitions concerning moral (...)
     
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  32.  18
    Repetition Effect: A Memory-Dependent Process.Steven W. Keele - 1969 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 80 (2p1):243.
  33.  16
    Science in the Pleasure Ground: A History of the Arnold ArboretumIda Hay.Steven W. Allison - 1996 - Isis 87 (1):189-190.
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  34.  13
    Effects of Input and Output on Decision Time.Steven W. Keele - 1970 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 85 (2):157.
  35.  27
    Understanding Self-Deception Demands a Co-Evolutionary Framework.Steven W. Gangestad - 2011 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 34 (1):23-24.
    The foundational theme of the target article is that processes of self-deception occur in a functional context: a social one through which self-deceptive processes enhance fitness by affecting an actor's performances. One essential component of this context not addressed explicitly is that audiences should have been selected to resist, where possible, enhancements falsely bolstered by self-deception. Theoretical implications follow.
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  36.  12
    Habitat Dioramas: Illusions of Wilderness in Museums of Natural History. Karen Wonders.Steven W. Allison - 1996 - Isis 87 (4):760-761.
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  37.  20
    Commentary On: Fabio Paglieri's "Argumentation, Decision and Rationality".Steven W. Patterson - unknown
  38. Meanings and Ideals: Elements of an Husserlian Axiology.Steven W. Laycock - 1993 - Analecta Husserliana 40:179.
  39. Telic Divinity and Its Atelic Ground.Steven W. Laycock - 1994 - Analecta Husserliana 43:43.
  40. The Phenomenologist's Anselm.Steven W. Laycock - 1994 - Analecta Husserliana 43:293.
     
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  41.  12
    Commentary on Ihnen.Steven W. Patterson - unknown
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  42.  19
    Functional Architectures for Cognition: Are Simple Inferences Possible?Steven W. Zucker - 1980 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 3 (1):153-154.
  43.  26
    Steven W. Hirsch: The Friendship of the Barbarians. Xenophon and the Persian Empire. Pp. Xiv + 216; 2 Maps. Hanover and London: University Press of New England , 1985. £25. [REVIEW]Simon Hornblower - 1988 - The Classical Review 38 (1):144-144.
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  44.  30
    Truth Otherwise Than Truth: Wonder.Steven W. Davis - 1996 - Research in Phenomenology 26 (1):276-283.
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  45.  36
    Actual and Potential Omniscience.Steven W. Laycock - 1989 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 26 (2):65 - 88.
  46.  15
    Relativism and Alethic Emptiness.Steven W. Laycock - 1998 - Journal of Indian Philosophy and Religion 3:16-36.
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  47.  6
    Uncompelling Theory, Uncompelling Data.Steven W. Gangestad - 1989 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 12 (3):525-526.
  48.  26
    Trade-Offs, the Allocation of Reproductive Effort, and the Evolutionary Psychology of Human Mating.Steven W. Gangestad & Jeffry A. Simpson - 2000 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (4):624-636.
    This response reinforces several major themes in our target article: (a) the importance of sex-specific, within-sex variation in mating tactics; (b) the relevance of optimality thinking to understanding that variation; (c) the significance of special design for reconstructing evolutionary history; (d) the replicated findings that women's mating preferences vary across their menstrual cycle in ways revealing special design; and (e) the importance of applying market phenomena to understand the complex dynamics of mating. We also elaborate on three points: (1) Men (...)
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  49.  9
    The Computational/Representational Paradigm as Normal Science: Further Support.Steven W. Zucker - 1980 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 3 (3):406-407.
  50.  14
    Consciousness Without Identity: Sartrean Bad Faith and the Buddhist Mirror-Mind.Steven W. Laycock - 1994 - Buddhist-Christian Studies 14:57.
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