Results for 'Steven Willet'

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  1.  40
    Response to My Critics: Steven French: The Structure of the World: Metaphysics and Representation. Oxford: OUP, 2014, 416pp, ISBN: 978-0-19-968484-7, ₤50.00 HB.Steven French - 2016 - Metascience 25 (2):189-196.
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  2.  49
    From Cognitive Science to Cognitive Neuroscience to Neuroeconomics: Steven R. Quartz.Steven R. Quartz - 2008 - Economics and Philosophy 24 (3):459-471.
    As an emerging discipline, neuroeconomics faces considerable methodological and practical challenges. In this paper, I suggest that these challenges can be understood by exploring the similarities and dissimilarities between the emergence of neuroeconomics and the emergence of cognitive and computational neuroscience two decades ago. From these parallels, I suggest the major challenge facing theory formation in the neural and behavioural sciences is that of being under-constrained by data, making a detailed understanding of physical implementation necessary for theory construction in neuroeconomics. (...)
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  3.  62
    Steven Pinker.Steven Pinker - 2002 - Cognitive Science 1991 (1996).
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  4.  55
    Milgram's Shocking Experiments: Steven C. Patten.Steven C. Patten - 1977 - Philosophy 52 (202):425-440.
    After more than a decade of reflection on obedience experiments based on a laboratory model of his own design, the social psychologist Stanley Milgram is clearly confident that the experimental results make a substantial and striking contribution towards understanding human nature: Something … dangerous is revealed: the capacity for man to abandon his humanity, indeed, the inevitability that he does so, as he merges his unique personality into larger institutional structures.
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  5. Steven Miller.Steven Miller - 1992 - Social Epistemology 6 (1):23-33.
     
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  6.  23
    II–Steven Gerrard.Steven Gerrard - 1999 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 73 (1):135-150.
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  7. Starting at Home: Caring and Social Policy.Nel Noddings, Kelly Oliver, Cynthia Willet & Sonia Kruks - 2003 - Political Theory 31 (6):859-870.
    Nel Noddings, one of the central figures in the contemporary discussion of ethics and moral education, argues that caring--a way of life learned at home--can be extended into a theory that guides social policy. Tackling issues such as capital punishment, drug treatment, homelessness, mental illness, and abortion, Noddings inverts traditional philosophical priorities to show how an ethic of care can have profound and compelling implications for social and political thought. Instead of beginning with an ideal state and then describing a (...)
     
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  8.  73
    Pure and Utilitarian Prisoner's Dilemmas: Steven T. Kuhn and Serge Moresi.Steven T. Kuhn - 1995 - Economics and Philosophy 11 (2):333-343.
    The prisoner 's dilemma game has acquired large literatures in several disciplines. It is surprising, therefore, that a good definition of the game is hard to find. Typically an author relates a story about captured criminals or military rivals, provides a particular payoff matrix and asserts that the PD is characterized, or illustrated, by that matrix. In the few cases in which characterizing conditions are given, the conditions, and the motivations for them, do not always agree with each other or (...)
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  9.  1
    The Language Instinct: How the Mind Creates Language.Steven Pinker - 1994/2007 - Harper Perennial.
    In this classic, the world's expert on language and mind lucidly explains everything you always wanted to know about language: how it works, how children learn it, how it changes, how the brain computes it, and how it evolved. With deft use of examples of humor and wordplay, Steven Pinker weaves our vast knowledge of language into a compelling story: language is a human instinct, wired into our brains by evolution. The Language Instinct received the William James Book Prize (...)
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  10.  22
    The Givenness of Grammar: A Reply to Steven Affeltd.Steven Mulhall - 1998 - European Journal of Philosophy 6 (1):32-44.
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  11.  56
    The Givenness of Grammar: A Reply to Steven Affeltd.Steven Mulhall - 1998 - European Journal of Philosophy 6 (1):32–44.
    The article contests Affeldt's critique of Mulhall's "Stanley Cavell: Philosophy's Recounting of the Ordinary," by asking how deep the conflict between what Affeldt proposes as Cavell's account of Wittgenstein's notion of grammar and that of Baker and Hacker really goes. It argues that Affeldt's critique is successful against one interpretation of the claims that grammar consists of a framework of rules and that criteria function as a basis for judgment, but that other interpretations of these claims are available and appear (...)
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  12. The Physics and Metaphysics of Identity and Individuality: Steven French and Décio Krause: Identity in Physics: A Historical, Philosophical, and Formal Analysis. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 2006, 440 Pp, £68.00 HB.Don Howard, Bas C. van Fraassen, Otávio Bueno, Elena Castellani, Laura Crosilla, Steven French & Décio Krause - 2011 - Metascience 20 (2):225-251.
    The physics and metaphysics of identity and individuality Content Type Journal Article DOI 10.1007/s11016-010-9463-7 Authors Don Howard, Department of Philosophy and Graduate Program in History and Philosophy of Science, University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, IN 46556, USA Bas C. van Fraassen, Philosophy Department, San Francisco State University, 1600 Holloway Avenue, San Francisco, CA 94132, USA Otávio Bueno, Department of Philosophy, University of Miami, Coral Gables, FL 33124, USA Elena Castellani, Department of Philosophy, University of Florence, Via Bolognese 52, 50139 (...)
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  13. The Weirdest People in the World?Joseph Henrich, Steven J. Heine & Ara Norenzayan - 2010 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 33 (2-3):61-83.
    Behavioral scientists routinely publish broad claims about human psychology and behavior in the world's top journals based on samples drawn entirely from Western, Educated, Industrialized, Rich, and Democratic (WEIRD) societies. Researchers assume that either there is little variation across human populations, or that these are as representative of the species as any other population. Are these assumptions justified? Here, our review of the comparative database from across the behavioral sciences suggests both that there is substantial variability in experimental results across (...)
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  14. Imaginative Value Sensitive Design: Using Moral Imagination Theory to Inform Responsible Technology Design.Steven Umbrello - 2020 - Science and Engineering Ethics 26 (2):575-595.
    Safe-by-Design (SBD) frameworks for the development of emerging technologies have become an ever more popular means by which scholars argue that transformative emerging technologies can safely incorporate human values. One such popular SBD methodology is called Value Sensitive Design (VSD). A central tenet of this design methodology is to investigate stakeholder values and design those values into technologies during early stage research and development (R&D). To accomplish this, the VSD framework mandates that designers consult the philosophical and ethical literature to (...)
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  15.  18
    Survey Article: Global Investment Rules as a Site for Moral Inquiry.Steven R. Ratner - 2019 - Journal of Political Philosophy 27 (1):107-135.
    The legal regime regulating cross-border investment gives key rights to foreign investors and places significant duties on states hosting that investment. It also raises distinctive moral questions due to its potential to constrain a state’s ability to manage its economy and protect its people. Yet international investment law remains virtually untouched as a subject of philosophical inquiry. The questions of international political morality surrounding investment rules can be mapped through the lens of two critiques of the law – that it (...)
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  16. The Structure of the World: Metaphysics and Representation.Steven French - 2014 - Oxford University Press.
    Steven French articulates and defends the bold claim that there are no objects in the world. He draws on metaphysics and philosophy of science to argue for structural realism--the position that we live in a world of structures--and defends a form of eliminativism about objects that sets laws and symmetry principles at the heart of ontology.
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  17. Testimony, Knowledge, and Epistemic Goals.Steven L. Reynolds - 2002 - Philosophical Studies 110 (2):139 - 161.
    Various considerations are adduced toshow that we require that a testifier know hertestimony. Such a requirement apparentlyimproves testimony. It is argued that the aimof improving testimony explains why we have anduse our concept of knowledge. If we were tointroduce a term of praise for testimony, usingit at first to praise testimony that apparentlyhelped us in our practical projects, it wouldcome to be used as we now use the word``know''.
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  18. The Future of War: The Ethical Potential of Leaving War to Lethal Autonomous Weapons.Steven Umbrello, Phil Torres & Angelo F. De Bellis - 2020 - AI and Society 35 (1):273-282.
    Lethal Autonomous Weapons (LAWs) are robotic weapons systems, primarily of value to the military, that could engage in offensive or defensive actions without human intervention. This paper assesses and engages the current arguments for and against the use of LAWs through the lens of achieving more ethical warfare. Specific interest is given particularly to ethical LAWs, which are artificially intelligent weapons systems that make decisions within the bounds of their ethics-based code. To ensure that a wide, but not exhaustive, survey (...)
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  19.  23
    Steven M. Cahn and Andrew T. Forechimes, Eds., Principles of Moral Philosophy: Classic and Contemporary Approaches.Steven A. Benko - 2018 - Teaching Ethics 18 (1):104-106.
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  20. Identity in Physics: A Historical, Philosophical, and Formal Analysis.Steven French & D’Ecio Krause - 2006 - Oxford University Press.
    Steven French and Decio Krause examine the metaphysical foundations of quantum physics. They draw together historical, logical, and philosophical perspectives on the fundamental nature of quantum particles and offer new insights on a range of important issues. Focusing on the concepts of identity and individuality, the authors explore two alternative metaphysical views; according to one, quantum particles are no different from books, tables, and people in this respect; according to the other, they most certainly are. Each view comes with (...)
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  21.  21
    International Law and Political Philosophy: Uncovering New Linkages.Steven Ratner - 2019 - Philosophy Compass 14 (2):e12564.
    Despite a common agenda of normative analysis of the international order, philosophical work on international political morality and international law and legal scholarship have, until recently, worked at a distance from one another.The mutual suspicion can be traced to different aims and methodologies, including a divide between work on matters of deep structure, on the one hand, and practical institutional analysis and prescription, on the other. Yet international law is a key part of the normative practices ofstates, has a direct (...)
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  22.  36
    Steven Joffe and Franklin G. Miller Reply.Steven Joffe & Franklin G. Miller - 2008 - Hastings Center Report 38 (5):7-7.
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  23.  85
    Successful Psychopaths: Are They Unethical Decision-Makers and Why?Gregory W. Stevens, Jacqueline K. Deuling & Achilles A. Armenakis - 2012 - Journal of Business Ethics 105 (2):139-149.
    Successful psychopaths, defined as individuals in the general population who nevertheless possess some degree of psychopathic traits, are receiving increasing amounts of empirical attention. To date, little is known about such individuals, specifically with regard to how they respond to ethical dilemmas in business contexts. This study investigated this relationship, proposing a mediated model in which the positive relationship between psychopathy and unethical decision-making is explained through the process of moral disengagement, defined as a cognitive orientation that facilitates unethical choice. (...)
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  24.  45
    Steven Gross.Steven Gross - unknown
    Should a theory of meaning state what sentences mean, and can a Davidsonian theory of meaning in particular do so? Max Ko¨lbel answers both questions affirmatively. I argue, however, that the phenomena of non-homophony, non-truth-conditional aspects of meaning, semantic mood, and context-sensitivity provide prima facie obstacles for extending Davidsonian truth-theories to yield meaning-stating theorems. Assessing some natural moves in reply requires a more fully developed conception of the task of such theories than Ko¨lbel provides. A more developed conception is also (...)
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  25.  65
    How Old Are These Bones? Putnam, Wittgenstein and Verification: Steven Gerrard.Steven Gerrard - 1999 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 73 (1):135–150.
  26.  6
    Steven Weinberg, Facing Up: Science and its Cultural Adversaries. Cambridge, Ma and London: Harvard University Press, 2001. Pp. XI+283. Isbn 0-674-00647-X. £17.95, $26.00. [REVIEW]Steven French - 2004 - British Journal for the History of Science 37 (4):491-492.
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  27.  19
    How Old Are These Bones? Putnam, Wittgenstein and Verification: Steven Gerrard.Steven Gerrard - 1999 - Supplement to the Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 73 (1):135-150.
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  28. Steven W. Laycock, Mind as Mirror and the Mirroring of Mind: Buddhist Reflections on Western Phenomenology. Albany: State University of New York Press, 1994, Pp. Xiv + 337. [REVIEW]Steven Heine - 1995 - Journal of Chinese Philosophy 22 (4):507-510.
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  29.  13
    Author’s Response: Steven French: There Are No Such Things as Theories. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2020, 288 Pp, £55.00.Steven French - 2021 - Metascience 30 (1):23-29.
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  30.  85
    Individuality, Supervenience and Bell's Theorem.Steven French - 1989 - Philosophical Studies 55 (1):1-22.
    Some recent work in the philosophy of quantum mechanics has suggested that quantum systems can be thought of as non-separable and therefore non-individual, in some sense, in Bell and E.P.R. type situations. This suggestion is set in the context of previous work regarding the individuality of quantal particles and it is argued that such entities can be considered as individuals if their non-classical statistical correlations are understood in terms of non-supervenient relations holding between them. We conclude that such relations are (...)
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  31.  28
    Perfectionism, Reasonableness, and Respect.Steven Wall - 2014 - Political Theory 42 (4):468-489.
    In recent work, Martha Nussbaum has exposed an important ambiguity in the standard conception of political liberalism. The ambiguity centers on the notion of “reasonableness” as it applies to comprehensive doctrines and to persons. As Nussbaum observes, the notion of reasonableness in political liberalism can be construed in a purely ethical sense or in a sense that combines ethical and epistemic elements. The ambiguity bears crucially on the respect for persons norm—a key norm that helps to distinguish political from perfectionist (...)
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  32.  44
    A Reductio Ad Absurdum of Divine Temporality: STEVEN B. COWAN.Steven B. Cowan - 1996 - Religious Studies 32 (3):371-378.
    Theists believe that God is eternal, but they differ as to just what God's eternality means . The traditional, historic view of most Christian philosophers is that eternality means that God is timeless. He is ‘outside’ of time and not subject to any kind of temporal change. Indeed, God is the creator of time. Lets call this view divine timelessness.
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  33.  10
    A Dialectic of Eros and Freedom: Beauvoir and Marcuse.Cynthia Willet - 2002 - In Kelly Oliver & Steve Edwin (eds.), Between the Psyche and the Social: Psychoanalytic Social Theory. Rowman & Littlefield. pp. 203.
  34. Normativity and Phenomenology in Husserl and Heidegger.Steven Crowell - 2013 - Cambridge University Press.
    Steven Crowell has been for many years a leading voice in debates on twentieth-century European philosophy. This volume presents thirteen recent essays that together provide a systematic account of the relation between meaningful experience and responsiveness to norms. They argue for a new understanding of the philosophical importance of phenomenology, taking the work of Husserl and Heidegger as exemplary, and introducing a conception of phenomenology broad enough to encompass the practices of both philosophers. Crowell discusses Husserl's analyses of first-person (...)
     
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  35.  58
    "Philosophy and Language," by Steven Davis. [REVIEW]Steven Bartlett - 1977 - Modern Schoolman 54 (4):406-406.
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  36.  31
    Self-Reference: Reflections on Reflexivity.Steven James Bartlett & Peter Suber (eds.) - 1987 - Dordrecht, Netherlands: Springer.
    From the Editor’s Introduction: -/- THE INTERNAL LIMITATIONS OF HUMAN UNDERSTANDING -/- We carry, unavoidably, the limits of our understanding with us. We are perpetually confined within the horizons of our conceptual structure. When this structure grows or expands, the breadth of our comprehensions enlarges, but we are forever barred from the wished-for glimpse beyond its boundaries, no matter how hard we try, no matter how much credence we invest in the substance of our learning and mist of speculation. -/- (...)
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  37. Phenomenology and Psychophysics.Steven Horst - 2005 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 4 (1):1-21.
    Recent philosophy of mind has tended to treat.
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  38. Interview with Steven E. Hyman.Steven E. Hyman - 2012 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 16 (1):3-5.
  39. A Long Discussion Regarding Steven A. Long's Interpretation of the Moral Species.Steven Jensen - 2003 - The Thomist 67 (4):623-643.
     
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  40. States Without Nations: Citizenship for Mortals.Jacqueline Stevens - 2009 - Columbia University Press.
    As citizens, we hold certain truths to be self-evident: that the rights to own land, marry, inherit property, and especially to assume birthright citizenship should be guaranteed by the state. The laws promoting these rights appear not only to preserve our liberty but to guarantee society remains just. Yet considering how much violence and inequality results from these legal mandates, Jacqueline Stevens asks whether we might be making the wrong assumptions. Would a world without such laws be more just? Arguing (...)
     
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  41. Medical Thinking the Psychology of Medical Judgment and Decision Making.Steven Schwartz & Timothy Griffin - 1986
  42.  39
    Gobineau, Racism, and Legitimism: A Royalist Heretic in Nineteenth-Century France: Steven Kale.Steven Kale - 2010 - Modern Intellectual History 7 (1):33-61.
    The work of Arthur de Gobineau has presented scholars with a number of interpretive problems concerning his status as a race theorist, his place in the history of racial thought, and the influence of his work on subsequent thinkers. This essay addresses the particularly vexing issue of the origins of Gobineau's racism from the perspective of his affiliation with French royalists in the 1840s and challenges the existing scholarship on the derivation of L'Essai sur l'inégalité des races humaines by placing (...)
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  43.  25
    Never Pure: Historical Studies of Science as If It Was Produced by People with Bodies, Situated in Time, Space, Culture, and Society, and Struggling for Credibility and Authority.Steven Shapin - 2010 - Johns Hopkins University Press.
    Steven Shapin argues that science, for all its immense authority and power, is and always has been a human endeavor, subject to human capacities and limits.
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  44. Spinoza's 'Ethics': An Introduction.Steven Nadler - 2006 - Cambridge University Press.
    Spinoza's Ethics is one of the most remarkable, important, and difficult books in the history of philosophy: a treatise simultaneously on metaphysics, knowledge, philosophical psychology, moral philosophy, and political philosophy. It presents, in Spinoza's famous 'geometric method', his radical views on God, Nature, the human being, and happiness. In this wide-ranging 2006 introduction to the work, Steven Nadler explains the doctrines and arguments of the Ethics, and shows why Spinoza's endlessly fascinating ideas may have been so troubling to his (...)
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  45.  60
    Predator and Prey: Seizing and Killing Suspected Terrorists Abroad.Steven R. Ratner - 2007 - Journal of Political Philosophy 15 (3):251–275.
  46.  16
    Optimal Deterrence*: Steven J. Brams and D. Marc Kilgour.Steven J. Brams - 1985 - Social Philosophy and Policy 3 (1):118-135.
    1. Introduction The policy of deterrence, at least to avert nuclear war between the superpowers, has been a controversial one. The main controversy arises from the threat of each side to visit destruction on the other in response to an initial attack. This threat would seem irrational if carrying it out would lead to a nuclear holocaust – the worst outcome for both sides. Instead, it would seem better for the side attacked to suffer some destruction rather than to retaliate (...)
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  47.  45
    Punishment and Reform.Steven Sverdlik - 2014 - Criminal Law and Philosophy 8 (3):619-633.
    The reform of offenders is often said to be one of the morally legitimate aims of punishment. After briefly surveying the history of reformist thinking I examine the ‘quasi-reform’ theories, as I call them, of H. Morris, J. Hampton and A. Duff. I explain how they conceive of reform, and what role they take it to have in the criminal justice system. I then focus critically on one feature of their conception of reform, namely, the claim that a reformed offender (...)
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  48. Relativism and the Foundations of Philosophy.Steven D. Hales - 2006 - MIT Press.
    The grand and sweeping claims of many relativists might seem to amount to the argument that everything is relative--except the thesis of relativism. In this book, Steven Hales defends relativism, but in a more circumscribed form that applies specifically to philosophical propositions. His claim is that philosophical propositions are relatively true--true in some perspectives and false in others. Hales defends this argument first by examining rational intuition as the method by which philosophers come to have the beliefs they do. (...)
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  49.  41
    Frederick Wasser (2010) Steven Spielberg's America.Steven Rybin - 2011 - Film-Philosophy 15 (1):247-254.
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  50. John Dewey and Moral Imagination: Pragmatism in Ethics.Steven Fesmire - 2003 - Indiana University Press.
    While examining the important role of imagination in making moral judgments, John Dewey and Moral Imagination focuses new attention on the relationship between American pragmatism and ethics. Steven Fesmire takes up threads of Dewey's thought that have been largely unexplored and elaborates pragmatism's distinctive contribution to understandings of moral experience, inquiry, and judgment. Building on two Deweyan notions—that moral character, belief, and reasoning are part of a social and historical context and that moral deliberation is an imaginative, dramatic rehearsal (...)
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