Results for 'Stewart A. Vella'

999 found
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  1.  3
    The Relationship Between Green Space and Prosocial Behaviour Among Children and Adolescents: A Systematic Review.I. Gusti Ngurah Edi Putra, Thomas Astell-Burt, Dylan P. Cliff, Stewart A. Vella, Eme Eseme John & Xiaoqi Feng - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
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  2.  26
    The Law of Damages and the Prisoners' Dilemma: A Comment on ‘Pure and Utilitarian Prisoners' Dilemmas’: Hamish Stewart.Hamish Stewart - 1997 - Economics and Philosophy 13 (2):231-240.
    Kuhn and Moresi have proposed a useful taxonomy for classifying prisoners' dilemmas. This comment is concerned with K&M's observation that legal penalties for defection can transform PDs into cooperative games, and their argument that the role of the law may vary depending on how the PD is classified by their taxonomy. The purpose of this note is to support K&M's analysis by demonstrating that the law of damages, as understood by economic analysis, already performs the function that K&M assign to (...)
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  3.  29
    Stewart Guthrie. Faces in the Clouds: A New Theory of Religion. (New York: Oxford University Press, 1993.) Pp. 336. $30.00 Hbk, $16.95 Pbk. [REVIEW]B. A. - 1997 - Religious Studies 33 (1):131-134.
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  4.  9
    Motivational-General Arousal Imagery Does Not Improve Decision-Making Performance in Elite Endurance Cyclists.David J. Spindler, Mark S. Allen, Stewart A. Vella & Christian Swann - 2018 - Cognition and Emotion 33 (5):1084-1093.
    ABSTRACTEmotions are predicted to influence judgement and decision-making across a range of performance contexts. This experiment tested whether motivational-general arousal imagery can improve the decision-making performance of elite endurance cyclists. In total, 54 cyclists were assigned to either a positive imagery condition or a negative imagery condition. The cyclists were read one of two scripts designed to elicit positive or negative images during a 20-min maximal sustainable interval on a cycle ergometer. A decision-making task was performed before and immediately after (...)
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  5.  40
    Enaction: Toward a New Paradigm for Cognitive Science.John Stewart, Olivier Gapenne & Ezequiel A. Di Paolo (eds.) - 2010 - Bradford.
    This book presents the framework for a new, comprehensive approach to cognitive science. The proposed paradigm, enaction, offers an alternative to cognitive science's classical, first-generation Computational Theory of Mind. _Enaction_, first articulated by Varela, Thompson, and Rosch in _The Embodied Mind_, breaks from CTM's formalisms of information processing and symbolic representations to view cognition as grounded in the sensorimotor dynamics of the interactions between a living organism and its environment. A living organism enacts the world it lives in; its embodied (...)
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  6.  87
    Towards a Philosophy of Academic Publishing.Michael A. Peters, Petar Jandrić, Ruth Irwin, Kirsten Locke, Nesta Devine, Richard Heraud, Andrew Gibbons, Tina Besley, Jayne White, Daniella Forster, Liz Jackson, Elizabeth Grierson, Carl Mika, Georgina Stewart, Marek Tesar, Susanne Brighouse, Sonja Arndt, George Lazaroiu, Ramona Mihaila, Catherine Legg & Leon Benade - 2016 - Educational Philosophy and Theory 48 (14):1401-1425.
    This article is concerned with developing a philosophical approach to a number of significant changes to academic publishing, and specifically the global journal knowledge system wrought by a range of new digital technologies that herald the third age of the journal as an electronic, interactive and mixed-media form of scientific communication. The paper emerges from an Editors' Collective, a small New Zealand-based organisation comprised of editors and reviewers of academic journals mostly in the fields of education and philosophy. The paper (...)
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  7. Participatory Budgeting in the United States: A Preliminary Analysis of Chicago's 49th Ward Experiment.LaShonda M. Stewart, Steven A. Miller, R. W. Hildreth & Maja V. Wright-Phillips - 2014 - New Political Science 36 (2):193-218.
    This paper presents a preliminary analysis of the first participatory budgeting experiment in the United States, in Chicago's 49th Ward. There are two avenues of inquiry: First, does participatory budgeting result in different budgetary priorities than standard practices? Second, do projects meet normative social justice outcomes? It is clear that allowing citizens to determine municipal budget projects results in very different outcomes than standard procedures. Importantly, citizens in the 49th Ward consistently choose projects that the research literature classifies as low (...)
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  8.  17
    A Systematic Review of Public Attitudes, Perceptions and Behaviours Towards Production Diseases Associated with Farm Animal Welfare.Beth Clark, Gavin B. Stewart, Luca A. Panzone, I. Kyriazakis & Lynn J. Frewer - 2016 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 29 (3):455-478.
    Increased productivity may have negative impacts on farm animal welfare in modern animal production systems. Efficiency gains in production are primarily thought to be due to the intensification of production, and this has been associated with an increased incidence of production diseases, which can negatively impact upon FAW. While there is a considerable body of research into consumer attitudes towards FAW, the extent to which this relates specifically to a reduction in production diseases in intensive systems, and whether the increased (...)
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  9. Infinity: A Very Short Introduction.Ian Stewart - 2017 - Oxford University Press UK.
    Infinity is an intriguing topic, with connections to religion, philosophy, metaphysics, logic, and physics as well as mathematics. Its history goes back to ancient times, with especially important contributions from Euclid, Aristotle, Eudoxus, and Archimedes. The infinitely large is intimately related to the infinitely small. Cosmologists consider sweeping questions about whether space and time are infinite. Philosophers and mathematicians ranging from Zeno to Russell have posed numerous paradoxes about infinity and infinitesimals. Many vital areas of mathematics rest upon some version (...)
     
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  10.  67
    The Causes and Scope of Political Egalitarianism During the Last Glacial: A Multi-Disciplinary Perspective.Doron Shultziner, Thomas Stevens, Martin Stevens, Brian A. Stewart, Rebecca J. Hannagan & Giulia Saltini-Semerari - 2010 - Biology and Philosophy 25 (3):319-346.
    This paper reviews and synthesizes emerging multi-disciplinary evidence toward understanding the development of social and political organization in the Last Glacial. Evidence for the prevalence and scope of political egalitarianism is reviewed and the biological, social, and environmental influences on this mode of human organization are further explored. Viewing social and political organization in the Last Glacial in a much wider, multi-disciplinary context provides the footing for coherent theory building and hypothesis testing by which to further explore human political systems. (...)
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  11. The Unity of Hegel's "Phenomenology of Spirit": A Systematic Interpretation.Jon Stewart - 2011 - Northwestern University Press.
    Hegel's _Phenomenology_ is considered by many to be the most difficult book in the philosophical canon. While some authors have published excellent essays on various chapters and aspects of the book, few authors have successfully tackled the whole. In _The Unity of Hegel's "Phenomenology of Spirit_", Jon Stewart interprets Hegel's work as a dialectical transformation of Kantian transcendental philosophy, providing from this unified standpoint a case for Hegel's own conception of philosophy as a system. In restoring them to their (...)
     
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  12. Hume and the Metaphysical Argument A Priori.M. A. Stewart - 1985 - In Holland (ed.), Philosophy, Its History and Historiography.
    There is a theistic argument which is discussed at least twice in the Hume corpus, both times rather perfunctorily. This perfunctoriness has carried over to some of his commentators, who are not always clear as to what the argument is or about the force of Hume’s comments on it. On page 23 of A Letter from a Gentleman to his Friend in Edinburgh Hume calls it “the metaphysical Argument a priori” and in Part 9 of Dialogues concerning Natural Religion simply (...)
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  13.  12
    Teaching Corner: The Prospective Case Study: A Pedagogical Innovation for Teaching Global Health Ethics.Kearsley A. Stewart - 2015 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 12 (1):57-61.
    Over the past decade, global health has emerged as one of the fastest growing academic programs in the United States. Ethics training is cited widely as an essential feature of U.S. global health programs, but generally it is not deeply integrated into the global health teaching and training curricula. A discussion about the pedagogy of teaching global health ethics is long overdue; to date, only a few papers specifically engage with pedagogy rather than competencies or content. This paper explores the (...)
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  14.  10
    Can a Human Rights Framework Improve Biomedical and Social Scientific HIV/AIDS Research for African Women?Kearsley A. Stewart - 2006 - Human Rights Review 7 (2):130-136.
    In most countries in Africa, the epidemiologic profile of HIV/AIDS is significantly different from that of the USA or Europe. Women in Africa are as likely to be HIV positive as men, while young women are significantly more likely to be HIV positive than young men. How can health research in Africa be made more responsive and relevant to women’s health needs? And how would a human rights perspective change the conduct of biomedical and social scientific research on gender and (...)
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  15. The Unseen Universe: Physical Speculations on a Future State.Balfour Stewart - 1875 - Cambridge University Press.
    In 1875, the geophysicist Balfour Stewart and the mathematician P. G. Tait published the second edition of The Unseen Universe. The book's aim had been 'to overthrow materialism by a purely scientific argument', and its initial success, and the controversy it aroused, prompted this revised edition. The treatise suggests that science and religion could be reconciled, and that by using science, it could be proved that the soul survives after death. The book begins with a historical account of the (...)
     
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  16. Dictionary of Irish Philosophers, a-Z.Thomas Duddy, David Berman & M. A. Stewart (eds.) - 2004 - Thoemmes Continuum.
    Since 1999 Thoemmes Press (now Thoemmes Continuum) has been engaged in a large-scale programme of biographical dictionaries of philosophy and related subjects. This volume on Irish philosophers follows the standard format of arranging entires alphabetically by thinker. It includes two forms of entry: (1) entries reproduced from previous editions of Thoemmes encyclopedias of British philosophy and (2) wholly new entries on early (renaissance-period) and_ modern (20th century) philosophers, together with some new entries on the intervening centuries. >.
     
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  17.  14
    A New Case for the Liberal Arts.D. G. Winter, D. C. Mcclelland & A. J. Stewart - 1983 - British Journal of Educational Studies 31 (2):167-168.
  18.  16
    The Free-Standing Sculptures of the Mausoleum at Halicarnassus in the British Museum: A Catalogue. [REVIEW]A. F. Stewart & G. B. Waywell - 1980 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 100:277-277.
  19.  41
    Decision-Making as a Broader Concept.Jacinta O. A. Tan, Anne Stewart & Tony Hope - 2009 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 16 (4):345-349.
  20. Aristotle: A Guide for the Perplexed.John A. Vella - 2008 - Continuum.
    Science (episteme) -- Division of the sciences according to aims and objects -- Demonstration (apodeixis) -- The axioms of the sciences -- Being or substance (ousia) -- Being before aristotle -- Being in the categories -- The science of being: first philosophy -- Being in metaphysics zeta -- Nature (physis) -- Principles of change -- The four causes or explanations (aitiai) -- Defense of teleology -- Soul (psyche) -- Soul as substance, form and actuality -- What the student of soul (...)
     
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  21.  52
    How to Validate Clinically Important Change in Health‐Related Functional Status. Is the Magnitude of the Effect Size Consistently Related to Magnitude of Change as Indicated by a Global Question Rating?Berrie Middel, Roy Stewart, Jelte Bouma, Eric van Sonderen & Wim J. A. Van den Heuvel - 2001 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 7 (4):399-410.
  22.  20
    The Ecological Role of the Red-Knobbed Cootfulica Cristatagmelin at the Bot River Estuary South Africa: A Preliminary Investigation.B. A. Stewart & R. Bally - 1985 - Transactions of the Royal Society of South Africa 45 (3-4):419-426.
  23.  13
    Kolaitis Phokion G. And Väänänen Jouko A.. Generalized Quantifiers and Pebble Games on Finite Structures. Annals of Pure and Applied Logic, Vol. 74 Pp. 23–75. [REVIEW]I. A. Stewart - 1996 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 61 (4):1387-1388.
  24. Humbling Hume: A Concise Way to Force Humeans and Neo-Humeans to Wrestle With the Evidence for Miracles.Jim A. Stewart - 2001 - Religious Studies 37 (1).
     
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  25.  20
    Psychology--A Science or a Method?J. A. Stewart - 1876 - Mind 1 (4):445-451.
  26.  24
    Eth. Nic. V. 10, 1137 a 31–1138 a 3.J. A. Stewart - 1890 - The Classical Review 4 (07):299-.
  27.  28
    The Suasive Art of David Hume By M. A. Box Princeton University Press, 1990, Xii + 268 Pp., $29.95. [REVIEW]M. A. Stewart - 1992 - Philosophy 67 (260):266-.
  28.  14
    A Sketch of the Character of Mr. Hume, and Diary of a Journey From Morpeth to Bath, 23 April - 1 May 1776.M. A. Stewart - 1978 - Hume Studies 4 (2):77-78.
  29.  22
    Hume's Philosophy of Religion By J. C. A. Gaskin London: Macmillan, 1978, Xi + 188 Pp., £10.00God and the Secular By Robin Attfield Swansea: Christopher Davies for University College Cardiff Press, 1978, 231 Pp., £9·50. [REVIEW]M. A. Stewart - 1980 - Philosophy 55 (212):267-.
  30.  8
    Eth. Nic. V. 10, 1137 A 31–1138 A 3.J. A. Stewart - 1890 - The Classical Review 4 (7):299-299.
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  31.  5
    The Philosophy of Bergson.A Critical Exposition of Bergson's Philosophy.Evander Bradley McGilvary, A. D. Lindsay & J. M'Kellar Stewart - 1912 - Philosophical Review 21 (5):598.
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  32.  7
    A Burmese-English Dictionary.William S. Cornyn, J. A. Stewart & C. W. Dunn - 1950 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 70 (2):133.
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  33.  8
    The Will to Be Free: A Critique of Deterministic Theory and a Vindication of Real Alternatives in Human Purpose.Howard V. Knox, L. P. Jacks & J. A. Stewart - 1929 - Mind 38 (150):226-230.
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  34.  5
    Oxford After the War, and a Liberal Education.J. A. Stewart - 1921 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 41:308.
  35.  5
    Review: Phokion G. Kolaitis, Jouko A. Vaananen, Generalized Quantifiers and Pebble Games on Finite Structures. [REVIEW]I. A. Stewart - 1996 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 61 (4):1387-1388.
  36. Peter A. Schouls, The Imposition of Method Reviewed By.M. A. Stewart - 1981 - Philosophy in Review 1 (2/3):119-123.
     
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  37. The Critical Pragmatism of Alain Locke: A Reader on Value Theory, Aesthetics, Community, Culture, Race, and Education.Nancy Fraser, Astrid Franke, Sally J. Scholz, Mark Helbling, Judith M. Green, Richard Shusterman, Beth J. Singer, Jane Duran, Earl L. Stewart, Richard Keaveny, Rudolph V. Vanterpool, Greg Moses, Charles Molesworth, Verner D. Mitchell, Clevis Headley, Kenneth W. Stikkers, Talmadge C. Guy, Laverne Gyant, Rudolph A. Cain, Blanche Radford Curry, Segun Gbadegesin, Stephen Lester Thompson & Paul Weithman - 1999 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    In its comprehensive overview of Alain Locke's pragmatist philosophy this book captures the radical implications of Locke's approach within pragmatism, the critical temper embedded in Locke's works, the central role of power and empowerment of the oppressed and the concept of broad democracy Locke employed.
     
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  38. BOX, M. A. The Suasive Art of David Hume. [REVIEW]M. A. Stewart - 1992 - Philosophy 67:266.
     
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  39. GASKIN, J. C. A. "Hume's Philosophy of Religion". [REVIEW]M. A. Stewart - 1980 - Philosophy 55:267.
  40. J. C. A. Gaskin, "Hume's Philosophy of Religion". [REVIEW]M. A. Stewart - 1989 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 27 (3):481.
     
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  41. TAYLOR, A. E. - Plato. [REVIEW]J. A. Stewart - 1910 - Mind 19:117.
     
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  42. Thomas Duddy: A History of Irish Thought.M. A. Stewart - 2004 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 12 (3):556-558.
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  43. Selected Philosophical Papers of Robert Boyle.M. A. Stewart (ed.) - 1979 - Manchester University Press Barnes & Noble Books.
    "The availability of a paperback version of Boyle's philosophical writings selected by M. A. Stewart will be a real service to teachers, students, and scholars with seventeenth-century interests. The editor has shown excellent judgment in bringing together many of the most important works and printing them, for the most part, in unabridged form. The texts have been edited responsibly with emphasis on readability.... Of special interest in connection with Locke and with the reception of Descarte's Corpuscularianism, to students of (...)
     
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  44. Psychoanalysis : The First ten Years 1888-1898.Walter A. Stewart - 2015 - Routledge.
    First published in 1969, this was a new assessment of Freud’s most creative years and the formative period in psychoanalysis and was the first book to attempt a systematic presentation of Freud’s early ideas, relating them to his later work and to contemporary psychoanalysis. During the years 1888-1898 Freud published 15 papers and one book. In addition many of his ideas were formulated in a series of letters and drafts that he wrote to Dr Wilhelm Fliess. This material provided new (...)
     
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  45.  54
    A Hyper-Relation Characterization of Weak Pseudo-Rationalizability.Rush T. Stewart - forthcoming - Journal of Mathematical Psychology.
    I provide a characterization of weakly pseudo-rationalizable choice functions---that is, choice functions rationalizable by a set of acyclic relations---in terms of hyper-relations satisfying certain properties. For those hyper-relations Nehring calls extended preference relations, the central characterizing condition is weaker than (hyper-relation) transitivity but stronger than (hyper-relation) acyclicity. Furthermore, the relevant type of hyper-relation can be represented as the intersection of a certain class of its extensions. These results generalize known, analogous results for path independent choice functions.
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  46.  86
    Intention, Emotion, and Action: A Neural Theory Based on Semantic Pointers.Tobias Schröder, Terrence C. Stewart & Paul Thagard - 2014 - Cognitive Science 38 (5):851-880.
    We propose a unified theory of intentions as neural processes that integrate representations of states of affairs, actions, and emotional evaluation. We show how this theory provides answers to philosophical questions about the concept of intention, psychological questions about human behavior, computational questions about the relations between belief and action, and neuroscientific questions about how the brain produces actions. Our theory of intention ties together biologically plausible mechanisms for belief, planning, and motor control. The computational feasibility of these mechanisms is (...)
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  47. Persistent Disagreement and Polarization in a Bayesian Setting.Michael Nielsen & Rush T. Stewart - forthcoming - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science:axy056.
    For two ideally rational agents, does learning a finite amount of shared evidence necessitate agreement? No. But does it at least guard against belief polarization, the case in which their opinions get further apart? No. OK, but are rational agents guaranteed to avoid polarization if they have access to an infinite, increasing stream of shared evidence? No.
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  48. The Meaning of Life in a Developing Universe.John E. Stewart - 2010 - Foundations of Science 15 (4):395-409.
    The evolution of life on Earth has produced an organism that is beginning to model and understand its own evolution and the possible future evolution of life in the universe. These models and associated evidence show that evolution on Earth has a trajectory. The scale over which living processes are organized cooperatively has increased progressively, as has its evolvability. Recent theoretical advances raise the possibility that this trajectory is itself part of a wider developmental process. According to these theories, the (...)
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  49.  62
    Body Awareness: A Phenomenological Inquiry Into the Common Ground of Mind-Body Therapies.Wolf E. Mehling, Judith Wrubel, Jennifer Daubenmier, Cynthia J. Price, Catherine E. Kerr, Theresa Silow, Viranjini Gopisetty & Anita L. Stewart - 2011 - Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 6:6.
    Enhancing body awareness has been described as a key element or a mechanism of action for therapeutic approaches often categorized as mind-body approaches, such as yoga, TaiChi, Body-Oriented Psychotherapy, Body Awareness Therapy, mindfulness based therapies/meditation, Feldenkrais, Alexander Method, Breath Therapy and others with reported benefits for a variety of health conditions. To better understand the conceptualization of body awareness in mind-body therapies, leading practitioners and teaching faculty of these approaches were invited as well as their patients to participate in focus (...)
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  50.  62
    Anorexia Nervosa as a Passion.Louis C. Charland, Tony Hope, Anne Stewart & Jacinta Tan - 2013 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 20 (4):353-365.
    Contemporary diagnostic criteria for anorexia nervosa explicitly refer to affective states of fear and anxiety regarding weight gain, as well as a fixed and very strong attachment to the pursuit of thinness as an overarching personal goal. Yet current treatments for that condition often have a decidedly cognitive orientation and the exact nature of the contribution of affective states and processes to anorexia nervosa remains largely uncharted theoretically. Taking our inspiration from the history of psychiatry, we argue that conceptualizing anorexia (...)
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