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  1.  39
    From Medicine to Psychotherapy: The Placebo Effect.Stewart Justman - 2011 - History of the Human Sciences 24 (1):95-107.
    If placebos have been squeezed out of medicine to the point where their official place is in clinical trials designed to identify their own confounding effect, the placebo effect nevertheless thrives in psychotherapy. Not only does psychotherapy dispose of placebo effects that are less available to medicine as it becomes increasingly technological and preoccupied with body parts, but factors of the sort inhibiting the use of placebos in medicine have no equivalent in psychology. Medicine today is disturbed by the placebo (...)
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  2.  21
    Can I Author Myself? The Limits of Transformation.Stewart Justman - 2015 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 40 (5):511-528.
    Narrative medicine is predicated on the importance of narrative to human life. Although that in itself is not controversial, an extension of this principle that has sprung up in narrative psychiatry—namely, that by coming to imagine a different life story one can become a different person—ought to be. One reason one cannot remake one’s life in the image of a story is that life is not to be mistaken for a story in the first place. The seminal study of psychotherapy, (...)
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  3.  21
    What's Wrong With Chemoprevention of Prostate Cancer?Stewart Justman - 2011 - American Journal of Bioethics 11 (12):21-25.
    When prostate-specific antigen (PSA) testing was introduced, proponents expected it to cut prostate-cancer mortality and did not expect it to unleash an epidemic of unnecessary treatments. Now that evidence of a mortality benefit remains unclear while evidence of overtreatment in undeniable, there is understandable interest in reducing the human costs of the PSA system. Two related drugs, finasteride and dutasteride, both proven to reduce the incidence of prostate cancer and the ?risk of diagnosis,? are being promoted accordingly. However, if not (...)
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  4.  73
    Placebo: The Lie That Comes True?Stewart Justman - 2013 - Journal of Medical Ethics 39 (4):243-248.
    Over the decades of experimentation on the placebo effect, it has become clear that it is driven largely by expectation, and that strong expectations of efficacy are more likely to give rise to the experience of benefit. No wonder the placebo effect has come to resemble a self-fulfilling prophecy. However, this resemblance is considerably exaggerated. The placebo effect does not work as strongly as it is advertised to do in some efforts to elicit it. Half-truths about the placebo effect are (...)
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  5.  14
    To Feel What Others Feel: Two Episodes From 18th Century Medicine.Stewart Justman - 2011 - Medical Humanities 37 (1):34-37.
    In the late 18th century two medical fashions—Mesmerism in France and the Perkins ‘tractor’ in the USA and England—appealed to the principle that a single universal force acts on all of us and is responsible for health and illness. This principle served both fashions well, as it made it all the easier for those who came within their force fields to experience the sort of sensations that other subscribers to the fashion also seemed to feel. The first research on what (...)
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  6.  11
    A Slippery Preventive Slope.Stewart Justman - 2009 - Hastings Center Report 39 (2):3-3.
  7.  4
    Buried in Silence: Homosexuality and the Feighner Criteria.Stewart Justman - 2020 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 27 (3):283-298.
    The publication in January 1972 of what came to be known as the Feighner criteria marked an epoch in the history of American psychiatry. At a time when many psychiatrists were indifferent or even hostile to the niceties of diagnosis, and when conflicting interpretations of similar cases threatened the reputation of the profession itself, the Feighner criteria laid out specific rules for the diagnosis of 16 disorders, from depression to hysteria, from alcoholism to anorexia. Never before had the identifiers of (...)
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  8.  19
    Converts, Uncertainty, and the Novel.Stewart Justman - 2008 - Philosophy and Literature 32 (2):pp. 359-372.
    In its quest for converts medieval Christendom locked itself into a vicious interpretive circle, pressing unbelievers to join the Christian community and then suspecting them for doing so. Such suspicion drove the Inquisition. An Inquisition whose torture machinery grinds on century after century, as if each execution laid the ground for another, represents a closed system alien to a literary form, the novel, whose English name suggests "the new." As befits a form set in "the present day with all its (...)
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  9.  26
    Do No Harm: A Case in Point.Stewart Justman - 2012 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 55 (2):291-298.
  10.  46
    Freud and His Nephew.Stewart Justman - 1994 - Social Research 61 (2):457-476.
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  11.  1
    From Blocked Flows to Suppressed Emotions: The Life of a Trope.Stewart Justman - forthcoming - Medical Humanities:medhum-2020-011878.
    Internal blockages and build-ups cause disease: traditionally, this principle seemed intuitive both to professionals and the laity, explained conditions as diverse as melancholy and scurvy, and justified the use of evacuative treatments to get rid of noxious matter. With the collapse of humoral medicine and the establishment of the concept of specific causation, one might have expected time-honoured tropes of obstruction to die off. They did not die off, but moved with the times and adapted to new conditions. Emphasis swung (...)
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  12.  10
    Forfeited Health: Response to Open Peer Commentaries on “What's Wrong With Chemoprevention of Prostate Cancer?”.Stewart Justman - 2011 - American Journal of Bioethics 11 (12):W1-W2.
    The American Journal of Bioethics, Volume 11, Issue 12, Page W1-W2, December 2011.
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  13. Hannah Arendt and the Idea of Disclosure.Stewart Justman - 1981 - Philosophy and Social Criticism 8 (4):406-423.
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  14. Montaigne on Medicine: Insights of a 16th-Century Skeptic.Stewart Justman - 2015 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 58 (4):493-506.
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  15. Stiva's Idiotic Grin.Stewart Justman - 2009 - Philosophy and Literature 33 (2):pp. 427-434.
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  16.  9
    Stiva's Idiotic Grin: TolstoyLeo, graf,.1828-1910Anna Karenina.Stewart Justman - 2009 - Philosophy and Literature 33 (2):427-434.
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  17.  22
    The Folly of Systems: The Satiric Tradition and Mental Disorders.Stewart Justman - 2013 - Philosophy and Literature 37 (2):472-485.
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  18.  11
    The Hidden Text of Mill's Liberty.Stewart Justman - 1990 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    '...a new and important reading of Mill that bridges several disciplines. It is essential reading for anybody concerned about the delicate fabric of our republican tradition....The work is scholarly, insightful, and written at a level that makes its important message accessible to student, scholar, and layperson.'-Scott G. McNall, University of Toledo.
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  19. The Psychological Mystique.Stewart Justman - 1998 - Northwestern University Press.
  20.  3
    The Weight of a Term: "Substantial Evidence" and Buried Data.Stewart Justman - 2018 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 61 (2):201-214.
    It's common knowledge that published medical findings tell only part of the story, the other part consisting of unpublished records of negative trials, sometimes of the same agents. No one, of course, knows precisely how much lies below the waterline, but informed estimates suggest that as many as half of all trials undertaken remain unreported —a percentage sufficient to cast a shadow over the entire corpus of published medical research. The effect is incalculable. That negative findings of trials of cancer (...)
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  21.  38
    Uninformed Consent: Mass Screening for Prostate Cancer.Stewart Justman - 2012 - Bioethics 26 (3):143-148.
    While medicine may agree in principle that cancer screening requires informed consent, such consent is not, in fact, common practice. In the case of prostate-cancer screening this means that men in large numbers undergo PSA testing with little understanding of its liabilities – in particular, that it may or may not decrease mortality, often detects cancer of questionable significance, and may lead to unnecessary surgery. Given that prostate cancer is known to be overtreated and that family history is a risk (...)
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