Results for 'Stig Jørgensen'

359 found
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  1.  39
    Logical Theory and Semantic Analysis: Essays Dedicated to Stig Kanger on His Fiftieth Birthday.Stig Kanger & Sören Stenlund (eds.) - 1974 - Reidel.
    Lewis, D. Semantic analyses for dyadic deontic logic.--Salomaa, A. Some remarks concerning many-valued propositional logics.--Chellas, B. F. Conditional obligation.--Jeffrey, R.C. Remarks on interpersonal utility theory.--Hintikka, J. On the proper treatment of quantifiers in Montague semantics.--Mayoh, B.H. Extracting information from logical proofs.--Åqvist, L. A new approach to the logical theory of actions and causality.--Pörn, I. Some basic concepts of action.--Bouvère, K. de. Some remarks concerning logical and ontological theories.--Hacking, I. Combined evidence.--Äberg, C. Solution to a problem raised by Stig Kanger (...)
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  2.  54
    Equivalent Theories.Stig Kanger - 1968 - Theoria 34 (1):1-6.
  3.  83
    On Kattsoff's Reflexions on Jorgensen's Reflexions on Reflexivity.Jorgen Jorgensen - 1955 - Mind 64 (256):542 -.
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  4.  41
    Provability in Logic.STIG KANGER - 1957 - Stockholm, Almqvist & Wiksell.
  5.  74
    Imperatives and Logic.Jörgen Jörgensen - 1937 - Erkenntnis 7 (1):288-296.
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  6. New Foundations for Ethical Theory.Stig Kanger - 1981 - In Risto Hilpinen (ed.), Deontic Logic: Introductory and Systematic Readings. Sold and Distributed in the U.S.A. And Canada by Kluwer Boston. pp. 36--58.
     
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  7.  78
    Law and Logic.Stig Kanger - 1972 - Theoria 38 (3):105-132.
  8.  63
    The Morning Star Paradox.Stig Kanger - 1957 - Theoria 23 (1):1-11.
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  9.  71
    Unrestricted Quantification and Natural Theology: Is" the World" on the Index?Stig Børsen Hansen - 2010 - European Journal for Philosophy of Religion 2 (2):89-110.
    The first section of this paper introduces talk about absolutely everything -- the world as a totality -- as an integral element in the project of natural theology, as it has been presented by Fergus Kerr and Denys Turner respectively. The following section presents talk about the world as a totality of facts as a theme in philosophical logic and outlines a problem it has given rise to there. After confronting the solution originally suggested by Bertrand Russell and defended by (...)
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  10.  67
    Rights and Parliamentarism.Stig Kanger & Helle Kanger - 1966 - Theoria 32 (2):85-115.
  11.  13
    Meinong on Intending.Andrew Kenneth Jorgensen - 2013 - International Journal of Philosophical Studies 21 (3):415-427.
    In this paper I want to examine Meinong’s account of what it is to think about a particular object in the context of issues that have preoccupied twentieth-century philosophy of language. The central interpretive task is to determine what Meinong might have said about cases of intending where the object is referred to by means of a proper name. The two theoretical notions at the heart of Meinong’s account of intending, intending by way of being and intending by way of (...)
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  12. The Principle of Continuity and Leibniz's Theory of Consciousness.Larry M. Jorgensen - 2009 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 47 (2):pp. 223-248.
    Leibniz viewed the principle of continuity, the principle that all natural changes are produced by degrees, as a useful heuristic for evaluating the truth of a theory. Since the Cartesian laws of motion entailed discontinuities in the natural order, Leibniz could safely reject it as a false theory. The principle of continuity has similar implications for analyses of Leibniz's theory of consciousness. I briefly survey the three main interpretations of Leibniz's theory of consciousness and argue that the standard account entails (...)
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  13. The Pragmatics of Slurs.Renée Jorgensen Bolinger - 2017 - Noûs 51 (3):439-462.
    I argue that the offense generation pattern of slurring terms parallels that of impoliteness behaviors, and is best explained by appeal to similar purely pragmatic mechanisms. In choosing to use a slurring term rather than its neutral counterpart, the speaker signals that she endorses the term. Such an endorsement warrants offense, and consequently slurs generate offense whenever a speaker's use demonstrates a contrastive preference for the slurring term. Since this explanation comes at low theoretical cost and imposes few constraints on (...)
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  14. The Rational Impermissibility of Accepting (Some) Racial Generalizations.Renée Jorgensen Bolinger - 2020 - Synthese 197 (6):2415-2431.
    I argue that inferences from highly probabilifying racial generalizations are not solely objectionable because acting on such inferences would be problematic, or they violate a moral norm, but because they violate a distinctively epistemic norm. They involve accepting a proposition when, given the costs of a mistake, one is not adequately justified in doing so. First I sketch an account of the nature of adequate justification—practical adequacy with respect to eliminating the ~p possibilities from one’s epistemic statespace. Second, I argue (...)
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  15.  65
    Kohlberg and Gilligan: Duet or Duel?Gunnar Jorgensen - 2006 - Journal of Moral Education 35 (2):179-196.
    Most moral psychologists have come to accept two types of moral reasoning: Kohlberg's justice and Gilligan's care, but there still seem to be some unresolved issues. By analysing and comparing Kohlberg's statement on some theoretical issues with some of Gilligan's statements in an interview in April 2003, I will look at some key issues in the so?called ?Kohlberg?Gilligan conflict?. Some of the questions raised in this paper are: (1) Does Gilligan reject the idea of developmental morality? (2) Does Gilligan support (...)
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  16. Philosophy of Medicine an Introduction.Henrik R. Wulff, Stig Andur Pedersen & Raben Rosenberg - 1986
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  17. Leibniz on Memory and Consciousness.Larry M. Jorgensen - 2011 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 19 (5):887-916.
    In this article, I develop a higher-order interpretation of Leibniz's theory of consciousness according to which memory is constitutive of consciousness. I offer an account of Leibniz's theory of memory on which his theory of consciousness may be based, and I then show that Leibniz could have developed a coherent higher-order account. However, it is not clear whether Leibniz held (or should have held) such an account of consciousness; I sketch an alternative that has at least as many advantages as (...)
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  18.  51
    Seventeenth-Century Theories of Consciousness.Larry M. Jorgensen - 2010 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
  19. Stabilizing and Changing Phenomenal Worlds: Ludwik Fleck and Thomas Kuhn on Scientific Literature.Stig Brorson & Hanne Andersen - 2001 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 32 (1):109-129.
    In the work of both Ludwik Fleck and Thomas Kuhn the scientific literature plays important roles for stability and change of scientific phenomenal worlds. In this article we shall introduce the analyses of scientific literature provided by Fleck and Kuhn, respectively. From this background we shall discuss the problem of how divergent thinking can emerge in a dogmatic atmosphere. We shall argue that in their accounts of the factors inducing changes of scientific phenomenal worlds Fleck and Kuhn offer substantially different (...)
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  20.  21
    Leibniz on Perceptual Distinctness, Activity, and Sensation.Larry M. Jorgensen - 2015 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 53 (1):49-77.
    Leibniz explains both activity and sensation in terms of the relative distinctness of perception. This paper argues that the systematic connection between activity and sensation is illuminated by Leibniz’s use of distinctness in analyzing each. Leibnizian sensation involves two levels of activity: on one level, the relative forcefulness of an expression enables certain expressions to stand out against the perceptual field, but in addition to this there is an activity of the mind that enables sensory experience. This connection of mental (...)
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  21.  9
    Test of the Mention Theory of Irony.Julia Jorgensen, George A. Miller & Dan Sperber - 1984 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 113 (1):112-120.
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  22.  31
    New Essays on Leibniz’s Theodicy.Larry M. Jorgensen & Samuel Newlands (eds.) - 2014 - Oxford University Press.
    In 1710 G. W. Leibniz published Theodicy: Essays on the Goodness of God, the Freedom of Man, and the Origin of Evil. This book, the only one he published in his lifetime, established his reputation more than anything else he wrote. The Theodicy brings together many different strands of Leibniz's own philosophical system, and we get a rare snapshot of how he intended these disparate aspects of his philosophy to come together into a single, overarching account of divine justice in (...)
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  23.  74
    Ruben on Lewis and casual sufficiency.Stig Alstrup Rasmussen - 1982 - Analysis 42 (4):207.
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  24.  23
    Jörgensen's Dilemma and How to Face It.Robert Walter - 1996 - Ratio Juris 9 (2):168-171.
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  25.  34
    A Note on Partial Postulate Sets for Propositional Logic.Stig Kanger - 1955 - Theoria 21 (2-3):99-104.
  26.  62
    Realism and Logic.Stig Alstrup Rasmussen & Jens Ravnkilde - 1982 - Synthese 52 (3):379 - 437.
  27. Metaphysical Nihilism and Cosmological Arguments: Some Tractarian Comments.Stig Børsen Hansen - 2012 - European Journal of Philosophy 20 (2):223-242.
    Abstract: This paper explores the relevance of themes from Wittgenstein's Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus to the ongoing discussion of metaphysical nihilism. I set out by showing how metaphysical nihilism is of paramount importance for cosmological arguments. Metaphysical nihilism is the position that there might have been nothing. Two conflicting intuitions emerge from a survey of discussions of metaphysical nihilism: Firstly, that metaphysical nihilism is true, and secondly, that formulations of the position are somehow unclear or nonsensical. By considering formalizations of philosophical language, (...)
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  28. Mind the Gap: Reflection and Consciousness in Leibniz.Larry M. Jorgensen - 2011 - Studia Leibnitiana 43 (2):179-195.
  29.  80
    Varieties of Moral Encroachment.Renée Jorgensen Bolinger - 2020 - Philosophical Perspectives 34 (1):5-26.
    Several authors have recently suggested that moral factors and norms `encroach' on the epistemic, and because of salient parallels to pragmatic encroachment views in epistemology, these suggestions have been dubbed `moral encroachment views'. This paper distinguishes between variants of the moral encroachment thesis, pointing out how they address different problems, are motivated by different considerations, and are not all subject to the same objections. It also explores how the family of moral encroachment views compare to classical pragmatic encroachment accounts.
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  30.  15
    Informed Choice Requires Information About Both Benefits and Harms.K. J. Jorgensen, J. Brodersen, O. J. Hartling, M. Nielsen & P. C. Gotzsche - 2009 - Journal of Medical Ethics 35 (4):268-269.
    A study found that women participating in mammography screening were content with the programme and the paternalistic invitations that directly encourage participation and include a pre-specified time of appointment. We argue that this merely reflects that the information presented to the invited women is seriously biased in favour of participation. Women are not informed about the major harms of screening, and the decision to attend has already been made for them by a public authority. This short-circuits informed decision-making and the (...)
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  31.  13
    First Degree Entailments. [REVIEW]Stig Kanger - 1971 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 36 (3):520-521.
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  32.  43
    On the Characterization of Modalities.Stig Kanger - 1957 - Theoria 23 (3):152-155.
  33. Philosophy and Grammar.Stig Kanger & Sven Öhman (eds.) - 1980 - Reidel.
     
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  34.  3
    The Morning Star Paradox.Stig Kanger - 1969 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 34 (2):305-306.
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  35.  8
    Pharmaceuticals, Political Money, and Public Policy: A Theoretical and Empirical Agenda.Paul D. Jorgensen - 2013 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 41 (3):561-570.
    The point, for the 946,326th time is that people get elected to office by currying the favor of powerful interest groups. They don’t get elected for their excellence as political philosophers.Congress has consistently failed to solve some serious problems with the cost, effectiveness, and safety of pharmaceuticals. In part, this failure results from the pharmaceutical industry convincing legislators to define policy problems in ways that protect industry profits. By targeting campaign contributions to influential legislators and by providing them with selective (...)
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  36.  45
    Ludwik Fleck on Proto-Ideas in Medicine.Stig Brorson - 2000 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 3 (2):147-152.
    `Proto-idea' was a central concept in the thinking of the Polish microbiologist and philosopher of science Ludwik Fleck (1896–1961). Based on studies of the origin of the modern concept of syphilis, Fleck claimed that many established scientific facts are best understood as interpretations of pre scientific, somewhat hazy `proto-ideas' in the framework of a certain `thought-style'. As an example,Fleck saw the modern knowledge of infection as an interpretation of the ancient proto-idea of diseases as caused by minute `animalcules'. However, the (...)
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  37.  19
    Pharmaceuticals, Political Money, and Public Policy: A Theoretical and Empirical Agenda.Paul D. Jorgensen - 2013 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 41 (3):561-570.
    Why, when confronted with policy alternatives that could improve patient care, public health, and the economy, does Congress neglect those goals and tailor legislation to suit the interests of pharmaceutical corporations? In brief, for generations, the pharmaceutical industry has convinced legislators to define policy problems in ways that protect its profit margin. It reinforces this framework by selectively providing information and by targeting campaign contributions to influential legislators and allies. In this way, the industry displaces the public's voice in developing (...)
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  38.  5
    Rights and Parliamentarism.Stig Kanger & Helle Kanger - 1971 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 36 (1):183-183.
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  39.  72
    Vague Identity.Stig Alstrup Rasmussen - 1986 - Mind 95 (377):81-91.
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  40.  25
    Collected Papers of Stig Kanger with Essays on His Life and Work, Vol. I-II.Ghita Holmström-Hintikka, Sten Lindström & Rysiek Sliwinski - 2001 - Kluwer Academic Publishers.
    Stig Kanger (1924--1988) made important contributions to logic and formal philosophy. Kanger's most original achievements were in the areas of general proof theory, the semantics of modal and deontic logic, and the logical analysis of the concept of rights. But he contributed significantly to action theory, preference logic and the theory of measurement as well. The first volume is a complete collection of Kanger's philosophical papers. The second volume contains critical essays on the various aspects of Kanger's work as (...)
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  41.  16
    The Seeds and the Worms: Ludwik Fleck and the Early History of Germ Theories.Stig Brorson - 2006 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 49 (1):64-76.
  42.  44
    Measurement: An Essay in Philosophy of Science.Stig Kanger - 1972 - Theoria 38 (1-2):1-44.
  43.  50
    Deconstructing Deleuze and Guattari's A Thousand Plateaus for Music Education. Jorgensen & Yob - 2013 - Journal of Aesthetic Education 47 (3):36.
    Gilles Deleuze and Felix Guattari’s work has been mined by writers about music and music education such as Ian Buchanan, Marcel Swiboda, Marianne Kielian-Gilbert, and Elizabeth Gould, as they have reflected on how music and music education should be construed. 1 Our present task is to examine critically Deleuze and Guattari’s ideas in our reading of their book A Thousand Plateaus: Capitalism and Schizophrenia, with a view to determining the merits of their ideas as a basis for a philosophy of (...)
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  44. Moral Risk and Communicating Consent.Renée Jorgensen Bolinger - 2019 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 47 (2):179-207.
    In addition to protecting agents’ autonomy, consent plays a crucial social role: it enables agents to secure partners in valuable interactions that would be prohibitively morally risk otherwise. To do this, consent must be observable: agents must be able to track the facts about whether they have received a consent-based permission. I argue that this morally justifies a consent-practice on which communicating that one consents is sufficient for consent, but also generates robust constraints on what sorts of behaviors can be (...)
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  45.  82
    Causal Sufficiency Reconsidered.Stig Alstrup Rasmussen - 1987 - Analysis 47 (1):32 - 34.
  46.  60
    Towards a Postcolonial-Storytelling Theory of Management and Organisation.Kenneth Jorgensen, Anete Strand & David Boje - 2013 - Philosophy of Management 12 (1):43-66.
    A contribution to management philosophy is made here by the development of a postcolonial-storytelling theory, created by drawing together parallel developments in quantum physics and tribal peoples’ storytelling. We argue that these developments resituate the hegemonic relationship of discursive representationalism over material storytelling practices. Implications are two-fold. First, this dissolves inherent dualisms presumed in the concept of interactionamong entities like actor–structure, subject–object and discursive–nondiscursive in favour of a profound ontology of entanglement and intra-action of materiality and discourse, where storytelling is (...)
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  47.  61
    Demographic Statistics in Defensive Decisions.Renée Jorgensen Bolinger - forthcoming - Synthese:1-18.
    A popular informal argument suggests that statistics about the preponderance of criminal involvement among particular demographic groups partially justify others in making defensive mistakes against members of the group. One could worry that evidence-relative accounts of moral rights vindicate this argument. After constructing the strongest form of this objection, I offer several replies: most demographic statistics face an unmet challenge from reference class problems, even those that meet it fail to ground non-negligible conditional probabilities, even if they did, they introduce (...)
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  48. The Later Wittgenstein and the Philosophy of Religion.Stig Børsen Hansen - 2010 - Philosophy Compass 5 (11):1013–22.
    This article sets out by distinguishing Wittgenstein’s own views in the philosophy of religion from a school of thought in the philosophy of religion that relies on later Wittgenstein’s philosophy of language. After a survey of distinguishing features of Wittgenstein’s later philosophy, the third section explores Wittgenstein’s treatment of Frazer’s account of magic among primitive peoples. The following section offers an account of Wittgensteinian philosophy of religion, including the use of the notions of a language game and superstition. I conclude (...)
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  49.  11
    A Cross-Cultural Comparison of Nurses' Ethical Concerns.Barbro Wadensten, Stig Wenneberg, Marit Silén, Ping Fen Tang & Gerd Ahlström - 2008 - Nursing Ethics 15 (6):745-760.
    The aim of this study was to compare Swedish and Chinese nurses' experiences of ethical dilemmas and workplace distress in order to deepen understanding of the challenges neuroscience nurses encounter in different cultures. Qualitative interviews from two previously performed empirical studies in Sweden and China were the basis of this comparative study. Four common content areas were identified in both studies: ethical dilemmas, workplace distress, quality of nursing and managing distress. The themes formulated within each content area were compared and (...)
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  50.  40
    Western Classical Music and General Education.Estelle Ruth Jorgensen - 2003 - Philosophy of Music Education Review 11 (2):130-140.
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