Results for 'Stolz Erwin'

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  1.  12
    Determinants of Acceptance of End-of-Life Interventions: A Comparison Between Withdrawing Life-Prolonging Treatment and Euthanasia in Austria.Erwin Stolz, Franziska Großschädl, Hannes Mayerl, Éva Rásky & Wolfgang Freidl - 2015 - BMC Medical Ethics 16 (1):1-8.
    BackgroundEnd-of-life decisions remain a hotly debated issue in many European countries and the acceptance in the general population can act as an important anchor point in these discussions. Previous studies on determinants of the acceptance of end-of-life interventions in the general population have not systematically assessed whether determinants differ between withdrawal of life-prolonging treatment and euthanasia.MethodsA large, representative survey of the Austrian adult population conducted in 2014 included items on WLPT and EUT. We constructed the following categorical outcome: rejection of (...)
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  2.  24
    Behavior Therapy: Scientific, Philosophical, and Moral Foundations.Edward Erwin - 1978 - Cambridge University Press.
    Edward Erwin's clear analysis addresses some of the fundamental questions on behavior therapy that remained in 1978, when this book was first published.
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  3.  28
    Corporate Codes of Conduct: The Effects of Code Content and Quality on Ethical Performance. [REVIEW]Patrick M. Erwin - 2011 - Journal of Business Ethics 99 (4):535 - 548.
    Corporate codes of conduct are a practical corporate social responsibility (CSR) instrument commonly used to govern employee behavior and establish a socially responsible organizational culture. The effectiveness of these codes has been widely discussed on theoretical grounds and empirically tested in numerous previous reports that directly compare companies with and without codes of conduct. Empirical research has yielded inconsistent results that may be explained by multiple ancillary factors, including the quality of code content and implementation, which are excluded from analyses (...)
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  4.  31
    Measuring the Relative Magnitude of Unconscious Influences.Philip M. Merikle, S. Joordens & J. A. Stolz - 1995 - Consciousness and Cognition 4 (4):422-39.
    As an alternative to establishing awareness thresholds, stimulus contexts in which there were either greater conscious or greater unconscious influences were defined on the basis of performance on an exclusion task. Target words were presented for brief durations and each target word was followed immediately by its three-letter stem. Subjects were instructed to complete each stem with any word other than the target word. With this task, failures to exclude target words indicate greater unconscious influences, whereas successful exclusion indicates greater (...)
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  5.  50
    Improving Understanding in the Research Informed Consent Process: A Systematic Review of 54 Interventions Tested in Randomized Control Trials. [REVIEW]Adam Nishimura, Jantey Carey, Patricia Erwin, Jon Tilburt, M. Murad & Jennifer McCormick - 2013 - BMC Medical Ethics 14 (1):28.
    Obtaining informed consent is a cornerstone of biomedical research, yet participants comprehension of presented information is often low. The most effective interventions to improve understanding rates have not been identified.
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  6. Living by Algorithm: Smart Surveillance and the Society of Control.Sean Erwin - 2015 - Humanities and Technology Review 34:28-69.
    Foucault’s disciplinary society and his notion of panopticism are often invoked in discussions regarding electronic surveillance. Against this use of Foucault, I argue that contemporary trends in surveillance technology abstract human bodies from their territorial settings, separating them into a series of discrete flows through what Deleuze will term, the surveillant assemblage. The surveillant assemblage and its product, the socially sorted body, aim less at molding, punishing and controlling the body and more at triggering events of in- and ex-clusion from (...)
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  7.  8
    The Proportion Valid Effect in Covert Orienting: Strategic Control or Implicit Learning?Evan F. Risko & Jennifer A. Stolz - 2010 - Consciousness and Cognition 19 (1):432-442.
    It is well known that the difference in performance between valid and invalid trials in the covert orienting paradigm increases as the proportion of valid trials increases. This proportion valid effect is widely assumed to reflect “strategic” control over the distribution of attention. In the present experiments we determine if this effect results from an explicit strategy or implicit learning by probing participant’s awareness of the proportion of valid trials. Results support the idea that the proportion valid effect in the (...)
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  8.  7
    Phenomenology and Physical Education.Steven A. Stolz - 2013 - Educational Philosophy and Theory 45 (9):949-962.
    Physical education is often justified within the curriculum as academic study, as a worthwhile activity on a par with other academic subjects on offer and easy to assess. Part of the problem has been that movement studies in physical education are looked upon as disembodied and disconnected from its central concerns which are associated with employing physical means to develop the whole person. But this, Merleau-Ponty would say, is to ignore the nature of experience and to consider the cognitive aspects (...)
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  9.  8
    Attitudes Towards End-of-Life Decisions in Case of Long-Term Care Dependency: A Survey Among the Older Population in Austria.Stolz Erwin, Mayerl Hannes, Waxenegger Anja, Rásky Éva & Freidl Wolfgang - 2017 - Journal of Medical Ethics 43 (6):413-416.
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  10.  13
    Embodied Learning.Steven A. Stolz - 2015 - Educational Philosophy and Theory 47 (5):474-487.
  11. Political Technique, the Conflict of Umori, and Foucault’s Reading of Machiavelli in Sécurité Territoire Population.Sean Erwin - 2015 - Foucault Studies 19:172-190.
    For those familiar with Machiavelli’s texts, Foucault’s interpretation of Macchiavelli in his 1978 lecture series Sécurité, Territoire, Population1 is surprising. Although Machiavelli figures prominently in five of the thirteen lectures,2 Foucault treats Machiavelli as if he were the author of only one book—The Prince—and his reading treats this complex text as if it covered only one topic: how to guarantee the security of the Prince. Clearly Foucault did not intend his interpretation of Machiavelli as a close exegesis. Other discussions of (...)
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  12.  11
    Nietzsche on Aesthetics, Educators and Education.Steven A. Stolz - 2017 - Studies in Philosophy and Education 36 (6):683-695.
    This essay argues that much can be gained from a close examination of Nietzsche’s work with respect to education. In order to contextualise my argument, I provide a brief critique of Nietzsche’s thinking on aesthetics, educators and education. I then turn my attention to the work of Thus Spoke Zarathustra, the figures Zarathustra and the Übermensch, and other Nietzschean works with a view to outline what I mean by a Nietzschean education. My central thesis being that a Nietzschean education is (...)
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  13.  40
    Reasoned Connections: A Dual-Process Perspective on Creative Thought.Nathaniel Barr, Gordon Pennycook, Jennifer A. Stolz & Jonathan A. Fugelsang - 2015 - Thinking and Reasoning 21 (1):61-75.
    A divide exists in the creativity literature as to whether relatively more or less executive processing is beneficial to creative thinking. To explore this issue, we employ an individual differences perspective informed by dual-process theories in which it is assumed that people vary in the extent to which they rely on autonomous or controlled processing . We find that those more willing and/or able to engage Type 2 processing are more likely to successfully make creative connections in tasks requiring the (...)
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  14.  22
    On the Role of Set When Reading Aloud: A Dissociation Between Prelexical and Lexical Processing.Jeffrey R. Paulitzki, Evan F. Risko, Shannon O'Malley, Jennifer A. Stolz & Derek Besner - 2009 - Consciousness and Cognition 18 (1):135-144.
    Two experiments investigated the role that mental set plays in reading aloud using the task choice procedure developed by Besner and Care [Besner, D., & Care, S. . A paradigm for exploring what the mind does while deciding what it should do. Canadian Journal of Experimental Psychology, 57, 311–320]. Subjects were presented with a word, and asked to either read it aloud or decide whether it appeared in upper/lower case. Task information, in the form of a brief auditory cue, appeared (...)
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  15.  4
    A Final Accounting: Philosophical and Empirical Issues in Freudian Psychology.Edward Erwin - 1995 - Bradford Books.
    Are we now in a position to give a "final accounting" of Freud's work? Before answering, I should say what this means, or rather what I mean. If we mean a verdict that is certain, in the sense that it could not possibly be overturned by new  ...
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  16. The Standing of Psychoanalysis.Edward Erwin - 1984 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 35 (2):115-128.
    tries to elucidate some of the rational considerations that determine the standing and value of psychoanalysis. He is sceptical about much of the positive evidence, but he also tries to provide some support for Freudian doctrines. I examine his supporting arguments and try to show that they have serious weaknesses.
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  17. Philosophy and Psychotherapy Razing the Troubles of the Brain.Edward Erwin - 1997
     
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  18.  8
    Attitudes Towards Assisted Suicide and Euthanasia Among Care-Dependent Older Adults in Austria: The Role of Socio-Demographics, Religiosity, Physical Illness, Psychological Distress, and Social Isolation.Stolz Erwin, Mayerl Hannes, Gasser-Steiner Peter & Freidl Wolfgang - 2017 - BMC Medical Ethics 18 (1).
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  19. A Description of the Erhard Seminars Training (Est).Donald M. Baer, Stephanie B. Stolz & Drug Abuse Alcohol - 1978 - Behaviorism 6 (1):45-70.
  20.  42
    Machiavelli Facing the Challenge of Gouvernementalité.Sean Erwin - 2013 - Foucault Studies 16:104-115.
  21.  40
    Review: Revisiting Spinoza’s Theological-Political Treatise. [REVIEW]Sean Erwin - 2014 - Renaissance Quarterly 4:1407-1408.
  22.  7
    Attitudes towards assisted suicide and euthanasia among care-dependent older adults in Austria: the role of socio-demographics, religiosity, physical illness, psychological distress, and social isolation.Stolz Erwin, Mayerl Hannes, Gasser-Steiner Peter & Freidl Wolfgang - 2017 - Bmc Medical Ethics 2017 18:1 18 (1):71.
    Care-dependency constitutes an important issue with regard to the approval of end-of-life decisions, yet attitudes towards assisted suicide and euthanasia are understudied among care-dependent older adults. We assessed attitudes towards assisted suicide and euthanasia and tested empirical correlates, including socio-demographics, religiosity, physical illness, psychological distress and social isolation. A nationwide cross-sectional survey among older care allowance recipients in private households in Austria was conducted in 2016. In computer-assisted personal interviews, 493 respondents were asked whether or not they approved of the (...)
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  23.  51
    Is Confirmation Differential?Edward Erwin & Harvey Siegel - 1989 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 40 (1):105-119.
  24.  37
    Microbiopolitics: Security Mechanisms, the Hela Cell, and The Human Strain.Sean Erwin - 2014 - Humanities and Technology Review 33.
    This paper examines the notion of the biopolitical body from the standpoint of Foucault’s logic of the security mechanism and the history he tells of vaccine technology. It then investigates how the increasing importance of the genetic code for determining the meaning and limits of the human in the field of 20th century cell biology has been a cause for ongoing transformation in the practices that currently extend vaccine research and development. I argue that these transformations mark the emergence of (...)
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  25. B.A. Farrell, The Standing Of Psychoanalysis. [REVIEW]Edward Erwin - 1983 - Philosophy in Review 3 (1):14-17.
     
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  26.  31
    A War of One's Own: Mercenaries and the Theme of Arma Aliena in Machiavelli's Il Principe.Sean Erwin - 2010 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 18 (4):541-574.
    Treatments of the status of mercenary arms in Machiavelli typically concentrate on Machiavelli’s discussions of the theme of the ‘arms of others’ in chapters XII and XIII of the Prince. Generally they place special importance on the exaggerated disdain Machiavelli voices for mercenary arms, sometimes entirely passing over the related issue of auxiliaries, and sometimes grouping this issue together with Machiavelli’s treatment of mercenaries as constituting essentially the same issue – the arms of others. Further, though the importance of this (...)
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  27.  5
    On the Nature of Cognitive Control and Endogenous Orienting: A Response to Chica and Bartolomeo (2010).Evan F. Risko & Jennifer A. Stolz - 2010 - Consciousness and Cognition 19 (1):445-446.
    Chica and Bartolemeo : The proportion valid effect in covert orienting: Strategic control or implicit learning? Consciousness and Cognition,19, 443–444.) agree that our results . The proportion valid effect in covert orienting: Strategic control or implicit learning? Consciousness and Cognition,19, 432–442.) are consistent with an implicit learning account of the proportion valid effect. Nevertheless, they raise two general issues that an explicit strategy might be operative in other contexts and that orienting in response to implicit knowledge is endogenous. In our (...)
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  28.  88
    One Very Long Argument.Douglas H. Erwin - 2004 - Biology and Philosophy 19 (1):17-28.
    The distribution of organisms in morphologic space is clumpy. Cats are like felids, dogs are like canids and snails are (mostly) like gastropods. But cats are not like dogs and snails are not like clams. This clumpy distribution of morphology has long posed one of the greatest challenges to evolutionary biologists. Does it represent the extinction and disappearance of a oncecontinuous distribution of morphologies, clades perched on the summits of persistent selective peaks ala Sewell Wright, or a primary signature of (...)
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  29.  45
    The History of Applied Mathematics and the History of Society.Michael Stolz - 2002 - Synthese 133 (1-2):43 - 57.
    Choosing the history of statistics and operations research as a casestudy, several ways of setting the development of 20th century applied mathematics into a social context are discussed. It is shown that there is ample common ground between these contextualizations and several recent research programs in general contemporary history. It is argued that a closer cooperation between general historians and historians of mathematics might further the integration of the internalist and externalist approaches within the historiography of mathematics.
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  30.  1
    Freud and the Question of Pseudoscience, by Frank Cioffi. [REVIEW]Edward Erwin - 2001 - Philosophical and Phenomenological Research 62 (3):730-732.
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  31.  4
    Psychotherapy, Placebos, and Wait-List Controls.Edward Erwin - 1983 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 6 (2):289.
  32.  84
    The Truth About Psychoanalysis.Edward Erwin - 1981 - Journal of Philosophy 78 (10):549-560.
  33. The Logic of Psychoanalytic Explanations: A Reply to Nussbaum.Edward Erwin - 1994 - Philosophy and Social Criticism 20 (3):103-108.
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  34.  1
    A Final Accounting: Philosophical and Empirical Issues in Freudian Psychology.Edward Erwin - 1999 - Philosophical and Phenomenological Research 59 (1):268-271.
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  35.  10
    The Concept of Meaninglessness.Edward Erwin - 1970 - Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.
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  36.  81
    Review: Freud Among the Philosophers: The Psychoanalytic Unconscious and its Philosophical Critics. [REVIEW]Edward Erwin - 2003 - Mind 112 (446):358-363.
  37.  7
    Randomized Clinical Trials in Psychotherapy Outcome Research.Edward Erwin - 2006 - Philosophy of Science 73 (2):135-152.
  38.  37
    Psychoanalysis: How Firm is the Evidence?Edward Erwin - 1980 - Noûs 14 (3):443-456.
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  39.  4
    Ethical Issues in Scientific Research: An Anthology.Edward Erwin, Sidney Gendin & Lowell Kleiman (eds.) - 1994 - Routledge.
    First published in 1994. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.
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  40.  26
    Are the Notions 'A Priori Truth' and 'Necessary Truth' Extensionally Equivalent?Edward Erwin - 1974 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 3 (4):591 - 602.
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  41.  4
    Recognition of Facial Features in Immediate Memory.John G. Seamon, Jennifer A. Stolz, Douglas H. Bass & Abbe I. Chatinover - 1978 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 12 (3):231-234.
  42. Ron Amundson.Robert Arrington, Robert Audi, Bruce Aune, William Bechtel, Jonathan Bennett, Alan Berger, Richard Creel, Kathleen Emmett, Edward Erwin & Owen Flanagan - 1989 - Behaviorism 17:85.
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  43. King David in the Index of Christian Art. [REVIEW]Michael Stolz - 2003 - The Medieval Review 1.
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  44.  54
    Review Essays: Psychoanalysis: Past, Present, and Future.Review author[S.]: Edward Erwin - 1997 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 57 (3):671-696.
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  45.  8
    Karl Leonhard Reinhold: Korrespondenzausgabe. Band 4: Korrespondenz 1792.Marion Heinz & Violetta Stolz - 2016 - Philosophischer Literaturanzeiger 69 (4):316-321.
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  46.  22
    The Political Efficacy of Prophetic Madness.Sean Erwin - 2000 - Idealistic Studies 30 (3):189-207.
    In this paper I pursue this question of the nature of a possible relationship between imagination and the force/violence particular to human law throughSpinoza's analysis of the prophetic imagination in the Tractatus-Theologico Politic us. My principal concern is to trace the relationship between the history and laws of the Hebrew nation and Spinoza's analysis of the imagination of Moses.
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  47.  52
    Curing Psychopathology: Can Philosophy Help?Edward Erwin - 1999 - Philosophical Explorations 2 (3):189-205.
    It is argued that philosophers can contribute indirectly to the cure of psychopathology by helping to resolve problems that impede the development of effective treatments. Two such problems are discussed. The first arises because different schools of therapy use conflicting criteria in evaluating therapeutic outcomes. A theory of Defective Desires is developed to deal with this problem. The second issue, which divides the field of psychotherapy, concerns the need for experiments, especially in validating claims of therapeutic efficacy. An epistemological foundation (...)
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  48.  11
    Rechnungen in der Endzeitökonomie.Fritz Stolz - 2000 - Zeitschrift für Religionswissenschaft 8 (1):71-93.
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  49.  44
    Review Essay: Which Way Psychology? A Discussion of Barbara: Held's Psychology's Interpretative Turn: The Search for Truth and Agency in Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology.Edward Erwin - 2010 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 40 (2):291-310.
    Some psychologists have recently tried to develop new approaches to psychology incompatible with both natural-science views of the discipline and basic tenets of postmodernism. In her new book on psychology’s interpretative turn, Barbara Held refers to these thinkers as "middleground theorists" or MGTs. Most of the MGTs reject psychological laws, defend free choice and agency, stress the role of values in psychological inquiry, and argue for a hermeneutical methodology. Some reject scientific realism and embrace epistemological relativism. Both Held and I (...)
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  50.  10
    Paradiese und Gegenwelten.Fritz Stolz - 1993 - Zeitschrift für Religionswissenschaft 1 (1):5-24.
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