Results for 'Structural Universals'

1000+ found
Order:
  1. Structural Universals as Structural Parts: Toward a General Theory of Parthood and Composition.Thomas Mormann - 2010 - Axiomathes 20 (2-3):229 - 253.
    David Lewis famously argued against structural universals since they allegedly required what he called a composition “sui generis” that differed from standard mereological com¬position. In this paper it is shown that, although traditional Boolean mereology does not describe parthood and composition in its full generality, a better and more comprehensive theory is provided by the foundational theory of categories. In this category-theoretical framework a theory of structural universals can be formulated that overcomes the conceptual difficulties that (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   3 citations  
  2.  50
    Is Mathematics the Theory of Instantiated Structural Universals?Iulian D. Toader - 2013 - Transylvanian Review 22:132-142.
    The paper argues against defending realism about numbers on the basis of realism about instantiated structural universals. After presenting Armstrong’s theory of structural properties as instantiated universals and Lewis’s devastating criticism of it, I argue that several responses to this criticism are unsuccessful, and that one possible construal of structural universals via non-well-founded sets should be resisted by the mathematical realist.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  3. The Mereology of Structural Universals.Peter Forrest - 2016 - Logic and Logical Philosophy 25 (3):259-283.
    This paper explores the mereology of structural universals, using the structural richness of a non-classical mereology without unique fusions. The paper focuses on a problem posed by David Lewis, who using the example of methane, and assuming classical mereology, argues against any purely mereological theory of structural universals. The problem is that being a methane molecule would have to contain being a hydrogen atom four times over, but mereology does not have the concept of the (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  4. The Possibility of Onion Worlds: Rebutting an Argument for Structural Universals.J. Robert G. Williams - 2007 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 85 (2):193 – 203.
    Some argue that theories of universals should incorporate structural universals, in order to allow for the metaphysical possibility of worlds of 'infinite descending complexity' ('onion worlds'). I argue that the possibility of such worlds does not establish the need for structural universals. So long as we admit the metaphysical possibility of emergent universals, there is an attractive alternative description of such cases.
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   7 citations  
  5. Structural Universals and the Principle of Uniqueness of Composition.Javier Kalhat - 2008 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 76 (1):57-77.
    Lewis has objected to Armstrong's notion of a structural universal on the grounds that it violates the Principle of Uniqueness of Composition (PUC), which says that given some parts, there is only one whole that they compose. This paper reviews Armstrong's case for structural universals, and then attempts to reconcile structural universals with PUC by arguing for the existence of arrangement universals. The latter are not only a key to defending structural universals (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   3 citations  
  6.  78
    Structural Universals and Formal Relations.Joan Pagès - 2002 - Synthese 131 (2):215 - 221.
    I will consider Armstrong's problems in trying to account for structural universals, i.e., a kind of complex universal whose instantiation by particulars involves different parts of those particulars instantiating several basic properties and relations, such as the property of being a molecule of methane. I present and criticise Armstrong's most recent attempt to explain structural properties by means of the identification of universals with types of states of affairs and I state my own solution to the (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   4 citations  
  7.  37
    The Mereology of Structural Universals.Peter Forrest - 2016 - Logic and Logical Philosophy.
    This paper explores the mereology of structural universals, using the structural richness of a non-classical mereology without unique fusions. The paper focuses on a problem posed by David Lewis, who using the example of methane, and assuming classical mereology, argues against any purely mereological theory of structural universals. The problem is that being a methane molecule would have to contain being a hydrogen atom four times over, but mereology does not have the concept of the (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  8. Structural Universals and the Principle of Uniqueness of Composition.Javier Kalhat - 2008 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 76 (1):57.
    Lewis has objected to Armstrong's notion of a structural universal on the grounds that it violates the Principle of Uniqueness of Composition, which says that given some parts, there is only one whole that they compose. This paper reviews Armstrong's case for structural universals, and then attempts to reconcile structural universals with PUC by arguing for the existence of arrangement universals. The latter are not only a key to defending structural universals against (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  9.  6
    Structural Universals And Formal Relations.Joan Pagés - 2002 - Synthese 131 (2):215-221.
    I will consider Armstrong's problems in trying to account for structural universals, i.e., a kind of complex universal whose instantiation by particulars involves different parts of those particulars instantiating several basic properties and relations, such as the property of being a molecule of methane. I present and criticise Armstrong's most recent attempt to explain structural properties by means of the identification of universals with types of states of affairs and I state my own solution to the (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  10. Against Structural Universals.David Lewis - 1986 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 64 (1):25 – 46.
  11. In Defence of Structural Universals.D. M. Armstrong - 1986 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 64 (1):85 – 88.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   26 citations  
  12.  85
    A Theory of Structural Universals.John Bigelow & Robert Pargetter - 1989 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 67 (1):1 – 11.
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   10 citations  
  13.  43
    Towards Structural Universals.John Bigelow - 1986 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 64 (1):94 – 96.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   5 citations  
  14. On Structural Universals.Bojan Borstner - 1991 - Filozofski Vestnik 12 (1):205-214.
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  15. Review: S. R. Kogalovskij, Structural Characteristics of Universal Classes. [REVIEW]Leszek Pacholski - 1972 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 37 (2):401-402.
  16. Mereology, Modality and Magic.Katherine Hawley - 2010 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 88 (1):117 – 133.
    If the property _being a methane molecule_ is a universal, then it is a structural universal: objects instantiate _being a methane molecule_ just in case they have the right sorts of proper parts arranged in the right sort of way. Lewis argued that there can be no satisfactory account of structural universals; in this paper I provide a satisfactory account.
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   9 citations  
  17. Structural Mereology: A Formal Elucidation and Some Metaphysical Applications.Thomas Mormann - manuscript
    Direct download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  18. Is There A Quasi-Mereological Account of Property Incompatibility?Javier Kalhat - 2011 - Acta Analytica 26 (2):115-133.
    Armstrong’s combinatorial theory of possibility faces the obvious difficulty that not all universals are compatible. In this paper I develop three objections against Armstrong’s attempt to account for property incompatibilities. First, Armstrong’s account cannot handle incompatibilities holding among properties that are either simple, or that are complex but stand to one another in the relation of overlap rather than in the part/ whole relation. Secondly, at the heart of Armstrong’s account lies a notion of structural universals which, (...)
    Direct download (10 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  19. Nomic Universals and Particular Causal Relations: Which Are Basic and Which Are Derived?John Bolender - 2006 - Philosophia 34 (4):405-410.
    Armstrong holds that a law of nature is a certain sort of structural universal which, in turn, fixes causal relations between particular states of affairs. His claim that these nomic structural universals explain causal relations commits him to saying that such universals are irreducible, not supervenient upon the particular causal relations they fix. However, Armstrong also wants to avoid Plato’s view that a universal can exist without being instantiated, a view which he regards as incompatible with (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  20. Folk Biology and the Anthropology of Science: Cognitive Universals and Cultural Particulars.Scott Atran - 1998 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 21 (4):547-569.
    This essay in the is about how cognition constrains culture in producing science. The example is folk biology, whose cultural recurrence issues from the very same domain-specific cognitive universals that provide the historical backbone of systematic biology. Humans everywhere think about plants and animals in highly structured ways. People have similar folk-biological taxonomies composed of essence-based, species-like groups and the ranking of species into lower- and higher-order groups. Such taxonomies are not as arbitrary in structure and content, nor as (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   54 citations  
  21. What Are Natural Kinds?Katherine Hawley & Alexander Bird - 2011 - Philosophical Perspectives 25 (1):205-221.
    We articulate a view of natural kinds as complex universals. We do not attempt to argue for the existence of universals. Instead, we argue that, given the existence of universals, and of natural kinds, the latter can be understood in terms of the former, and that this provides a rich, flexible framework within which to discuss issues of indeterminacy, essentialism, induction, and reduction. Along the way, we develop a 'problem of the many' for universals.
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   11 citations  
  22.  24
    Distributive-Lattice Semantics of Sequent Calculi with Structural Rules.Alexej P. Pynko - 2009 - Logica Universalis 3 (1):59-94.
    The goal of the paper is to develop a universal semantic approach to derivable rules of propositional multiple-conclusion sequent calculi with structural rules, which explicitly involve not only atomic formulas, treated as metavariables for formulas, but also formula set variables, upon the basis of the conception of model introduced in :27–37, 2001). One of the main results of the paper is that any regular sequent calculus with structural rules has such class of sequent models that a rule is (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  23. A Critical Analysis of Structural Realism.Wei Wang - 2008 - Frontiers of Philosophy in China 3 (2):294-306.
    The epistemological version of structural realism, proposed by Cao Tianyu, has great influence in the philosophy of science. Syntheses has published a special volume discussing the topic. Cao criticizes anti-realism, as well as the epistemic and ontic versions of structural realism. From the concepts of structure, ontology, and construction, he analyzes the objectivity of scientific theories as having five aspects: construction, historicity, holism, revision, and revolution. This paper systematically analyzes and comments on Cao's structural realism. The author (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  24.  23
    Causal Powers and Isomeric Chemical Kinds.Andrew McFarland - forthcoming - Synthese:1-17.
    Some philosophers have claimed that kinds can be construed as mereologically complex structural properties. This essay examines several strategies aimed at construing a certain class of natural kinds, namely isomeric chemical kinds, in accordance with this view. In particular, the essay examines views which posit structural proper parts in addition to micro-constitutive parts to individuate isomeric chemical kinds. It then goes on to argue that the phenomenon of chirality in stereochemistry gives the proponent of kinds-as-complex-properties evidence for positing (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  25. Social Structures and Social Functions: The Emancipation of Structural Analysis in Sociology.Filippo Barbano - 1968 - Inquiry : An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 11 (1-4):40 – 84.
    Starting from R. K. Merton's now classic criticism of 'holistic' functionalism, i.e. of a functionalism which postulates social unity, universality and functional in-dispensability, the author stresses certain implications of this criticism more than they have been stressed hitherto. Classical and holistic functionalism) from H. Spencer, B. Malinowski, A. R. Radcliffe-Brown, etc to T. Parsons, postulates certain total unities (a global culture, an integrated system, etc.) in which each item (existence, actions, structures, etc.) is considered and defined on the grounds of (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  26.  22
    Empowerment as a Universal Ethic in Global Journalism.Tom Brislin - 2004 - Journal of Mass Media Ethics 19 (2):130 – 137.
    Globalization has churned up in its wake a reevaluation of standards in numerous enterprises, including journalism. The search for a universal journalism ethic, however, has often ended with the attempt to import traditional and underlying Western "free press" values, such as objectivity and an adversarial platform, forged in Enlightenment philosophy. This belief of the universal portability of Western values is reflected in the mixed results of several professional initiatives in the early and mid-1990s designed to both install and instill a (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   4 citations  
  27.  4
    What's in a Name: A Response to Ramsey.Andrew Parisi - 2017 - Thought: A Journal of Philosophy 6 (4):268-277.
    This paper offers a response to Ramsey's famous challenge to draw a logical, as opposed to merely syntactical, distinction between names and predicates. Three attempts to meet this challenge are considered, one from Dummett, one from Geach, and one from Brandom. It is shown that none of these adequately addresses Ramsey's challenge. The paper concludes with a response to Ramsey that avoids the pitfalls of the other three replies. The advantage of the view proposed is that there is nothing preventing (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  28.  3
    Sts: A Structural Theory Of Sets.A. Baltag - 1999 - Logic Journal of the IGPL 7 (4):481-515.
    We explore a non-classical, universal set theory, based on a purely 'structural' conception of sets. A set is a transfinite process of unfolding of an arbitrary binary structure, with identity of sets given by the observational equivalence between such processes. We formalize these notions using infinitary modal logic, which provides partial descriptions for set structures up to observational equivalence. We describe the comprehension and topological properties of the resulting set-theory, and we use it to give non-classical solutions to classical (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   4 citations  
  29.  17
    Cognitive Stages or Developmental Phases? A Critique of Kohlberg's Stage‐Structural Theory of Moral Reasoning.Don Locke - 1979 - Journal of Moral Education 8 (3):168-181.
    Abstract After some preliminary doubts about Kohlberg's method of assessing moral reasoning, his ?stage?structural? theory is criticized under six heads. (1) The claim that the stages constitute structural wholes, representing unified and differentiated patterns of thought: it is argued that the available evidence, and Kohlberg's own methodology, unambiguously implies a developmental continuum, not discrete stage structures. (2) Invariance, which, after counter?evidence led to a revision in the theory, has yet to be demonstrated. (3) Cultural Universality: it is argued (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   5 citations  
  30.  45
    The Modality and Non-Extensionality of the Quantifiers.Arnold Koslow - forthcoming - Synthese:1-10.
    We shall try to defend two non-standard views that run counter to two well-entrenched familiar views. The standard views are (1) the universal and existential quantifiers of first-order logic are not modal operators, and (2) the quantifiers are extensional. If that is correct then the counterclaims create genuine problems for some traditional philosophical doctrines.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  31.  26
    Subdirectly Irreducible Residuated Semilattices and Positive Universal Classes.Jeffrey S. Olson - 2006 - Studia Logica 83 (1-3):393-406.
    CRS(fc) denotes the variety of commutative residuated semilattice-ordered monoids that satisfy (x ⋀ e)k ≤ (x ⋀ e)k+1. A structural characterization of the subdi-rectly irreducible members of CRS(k) is proved, and is then used to provide a constructive approach to the axiomatization of varieties generated by positive universal subclasses of CRS(k).
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  32.  31
    “Special” States in Quantum Measurement Apparatus: Structural Requirements for the Recovery of Standard Probabilities. [REVIEW]L. S. Schulman - 1991 - Foundations of Physics 21 (8):931-945.
    In a recently proposed quantum measurement theory the definiteness of quantum measurements is achieved by means of “special” states. The recovery of the usual quantum probabilities is related to the relative abundance of particular classes of “special” states. In the present article we consider two-state discrimination, and model the apparatus modes that could provide the “special” states. We find that there are structural features which, if generally present in apparatus, will provide universal recovery of standard probabilities. These structural (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  33. Universal Draft Declaration on Bioethics and Human Rights.Anne Donchin Mary C. Rawlinson - 2005 - Developing World Bioethics 5 (3):197–209.
    ABSTRACTThis essay focuses on two underlying presumptions that impinge on the effort of UNESCO to engender universal agreement on a set of bioethical norms: the conception of universality that pervades much of the document, and its disregard of structural inequalities that significantly impact health. Drawing on other UN system documents and recent feminist bioethics scholarship, we argue that the formulation of universal principles should not rely solely on shared ethical values, as the draft document affirms, but also on differences (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  34.  25
    Structural Properties and Parthood.Kevin W. Sharpe - 2012 - Southwest Philosophy Review 28 (1):111-120.
    Structural properties are properties something has in virtue of its mereological structure in that they are properties whose instantiation by a particular involves the parts of the particular being propertied and related in the appropriate way. Most of the literature on structural properties has focused on problems that arise from the pairing of two assumptions: (1) structural properties are universals and (2) structural properties are, in some sense, composed of the properties they involve. Chief among (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  35.  27
    Lexical and Structural Biases in the Acquisition of Motion Verbs.Anna Papafragou - unknown
    It is well known that languages differ in how they encode motion. Languages such as English use verbs that communicate the manner of motion (e.g., climb, float), while languages such as Greek often encode the path of motion in verbs (e.g., advance, exit). In two studies with English- and Greek-speaking adults and 5-year-olds, we ask how such lexical constraints are used in combination with structural cues in hypothesizing meanings for novel motion verbs cross-linguistically. We show that lexicalization biases affect (...)
    Direct download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  36.  18
    What Kind of Universal is Being Qua Being in the Aristotelian Metaphysics?Martin Henn - 2002 - Journal of Philosophical Research 27:173-199.
    This essay attempts to redefine the role and functioning of Aristotle’s πρός έν universals in a way that reveals the structural and thematic unity of the Metaphysics. In particular, I argue five points: (1) that πρός έν universals are analogical, but not four-term analogical; (2) things are πρός έν analogous when they share a transgenic λόγος (3) that four-term analogies may foster discovery of πρός έν analogies; (4) that analogy reveals God as supremely One and Universal; and (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  37.  15
    The Role of Constrained Self-Organization in Genome Structural Evolution.Richard Sternberg - 1996 - Acta Biotheoretica 44 (2).
    A hypothesis of genome structural evolution is explored. Rapid and cohesive alterations in genome organization are viewed as resulting from the dynamic and constrained interactions of chromosomal subsystem components. A combination of macromolecular boundary conditions and DNA element involvement in far-from-equilibrium reactions is proposed to increase the complexity of genomic subsystems via the channelling of genome turnover; interactions between subsystems create higher-order subsystems expanding the phase space for further genetic evolution. The operation of generic constraints on structuration in genome (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  38.  6
    An Almost-Universal Cupping Degree.Jiang Liu & Guohua Wu - 2011 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 76 (4):1137-1152.
    Say that an incomplete d.r.e. degree has almost universal cupping property, if it cups all the r.e. degrees not below it to 0′. In this paper, we construct such a degree d, with all the r.e. degrees not cupping d to 0′ bounded by some r.e. degree strictly below d. The construction itself is an interesting 0″′ argument and this new structural property can be used to study final segments of various degree structures in the Ershov hierarchy.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  39. Disagreement About 'Universals' or Universal Disagreement?Christina Behme - 2010 - Gnosis 11 (2):1-10.
    It has been widely assumed that all languages share some structural features; language universals. Evans and Levinson challenge this assumption and provide a wealth of empirical evidence supporting their claim that linguistic diversity is the most remarkable characteristic of human languages. The response to their paper reveals fundamental disagreements, indicating that different authors rely on substantially different definitions of key terms such as ‘language’ and ‘language universal’. In this paper I will not take sides but discuss the implications (...)
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  40. The Oxford Handbook of Universal Grammar.Ian Roberts (ed.) - 2016 - Oxford University Press UK.
    This handbook provides a critical guide to the most central proposition in modern linguistics: the notion, generally known as Universal Grammar, that a universal set of structural principles underlies the grammatical diversity of the world's languages. Part I considers the implications of Universal Grammar for philosophy of mind and the philosophy of language, and examines the history of the theory. Part II focuses on linguistic theory, looking at topics such as explanatory adequacy and how phonology and semantics fit into (...)
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  41.  7
    Structural Features in Ernst Schröder's Work. Part II.Davide Bondoni - 2012 - Logic and Logical Philosophy 21 (3):271-315.
    In this paper (the second of two parts) we propose a structural interpretation of Schröder’s work, pointing out his insistence on the priority of a whole in comparison with its parts. The examples are taken from the diverse areas in which Schröder was active, with a particular interest in his project of an absolute algebra.
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  42.  8
    Structural Features in Ernst Schröder's Work. Part I.Davide Bondoni - 2011 - Logic and Logical Philosophy 20 (4):327-359.
    In this paper articulated in two parts we propose a structural interpretation of Schröder’s work, pointing out his insistence on the priority of a whole in comparison with its parts. The examples are taken from the diverse areas in which Schröder was active, with a particular interest in his project of an absolute algebra. I am regretting for the bad quality of my English, hoping that notwithstanding the reader can grasp at least the fundamental tracts of my reasoning.
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  43. The Partial Identity Account of Partial Similarity Revisited.Matteo Morganti - 2011 - Philosophia 39 (3):527-546.
    This paper provides a defence of the account of partial resemblances between properties according to which such resemblances are due to partial identities of constituent properties. It is argued, first of all, that the account is not only required by realists about universals à la Armstrong, but also useful (of course, in an appropriately re-formulated form) for those who prefer a nominalistic ontology for material objects. For this reason, the paper only briefly considers the problem of how to conceive (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   4 citations  
  44. On the Mereological Structure of Complex States of Affairs.Thomas Mormann - 2012 - Synthese 187 (2):403-418.
    The aim of this paper is to elucidate the mereological structure of complex states of affairs without relying on the problematic notion of structural universals. For this task tools from graph theory, lattice theory, and the theory of relational systems are employed. Our starting point is the mereology of similarity structures. Since similarity structures are structured sets, their mereology can be considered as a generalization of the mereology of sets..
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  45. A Structural Inquiry Into the Symbolic Representation of Ideas.Arnolds Grava - 1969 - Paris: Mouton.
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  46. Indiscernibility and Bundles in a Structure.Sun Demirli - 2010 - Philosophical Studies 151 (1):1-18.
    The bundle theory is a theory about the internal constitution of individuals. It asserts that individuals are entirely composed of universals. Typically, bundle theorists augment their theory with a constitutional approach to individuation entailing the thesis ‘identity of constituents is a sufficient ground for numerical identity’ (CIT). But then the bundle theory runs afoul of Black’s duplication case—a world containing two indiscernible spheres. Here I propose and defend a new version of the bundle theory that denies ‘CIT’, and which (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   3 citations  
  47.  70
    Internal Realism and the Objectivity of Scientific Knowledge.Rinat Nugayev - 2011 - Analytica 5:1-35.
    Arguments pro and contra convergent realism – underdetermination of theory by observational evidence and pessimistic meta-induction from past falsity – are considered. It is argued that, to meet the counter-arguments challenge, convergent realism should be considerably changed with a help of modification of the propositions from this meta-programme “hard core” or “protecting belt”. Two well-known convergent realism rivals – “entity realism” of Nancy Cartwright and Ian Hacking and John Worrall’s “structural realism” – are considered. Entity realism’s main drawback is (...)
    Direct download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  48.  50
    The Direct Perception of Universals: A Theory of Knowledge Acquisition.Viki McCabe - 1982 - Synthese 52 (3):495 - 513.
    A theory is presented which proposes that knowledge acquisition involves direct perception of schematic information in the form of structural and transformational invariances. Individual components with salient verbal descriptions are considered conscious place-holders for non-conscious invariant schemes. It is speculated that theories positing mental construction have three related causes: The first is a lack of consciousness of the schema processing capacities of the right hemisphere; the second is the paucity of adequate words to express schematic relationships; and the last (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  49.  16
    Sinnboden der Geschichte: Foucault and Husserl on the Structural a Priori of History.Dermot Moran - 2016 - Continental Philosophy Review 49 (1):13-27.
    In this paper I explore Husserl’s and Foucault’s approaches to the historical a priori and defend Husserl’s richer notion. Foucault borrows the expression ‘historical a priori’ from Husserl and there are continuities, but also significant and ultimately irreconcilable differences, between their conceptions. Both are looking for ‘conditions of possibility,’ forms of ‘institution’ or instauration, and patterns of transformation, for scientific knowledge. Husserl identifies the ‘a priori of history’ with the ‘historical a priori’ and believes that the ‘invariant essential structures of (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  50.  52
    Universal Sex Differences Across Patriarchal Cultures [Not Equal] Evolved Psychological Dispositions.Alice H. Eagly & Wendy Wood - 2005 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 28 (2):281-283.
    Schmitt's findings provide little evidence that sex differences in sociosexuality are explained by evolved dispositions. These sex differences are better explained by an evolutionary account that treats the psychological attributes of women and men as emergent, given the biological attributes of the sexes, especially female reproductive capacity, and the economic and social structural aspects of societies.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
1 — 50 / 1000