Results for 'Stuart A. Napshin'

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  1.  11
    A Greek-English Lexicon, Compiled by H. G. Liddell and Robert Scott. New Edition, Revised and Augmented by Henry Stuart Jones with the Assistance of Roderick M'Kenzie and with the Co-Operation of Many Scholars. Part X. Τραγεῑν-ᾨὠδης, and Addenda Et Corrigenda. Pp. 302. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1940. 10s. 6d. [REVIEW]S. F. G. A. - 1942 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 62:94-94.
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  2.  19
    Influences on Student Intention and Behavior Toward Environmental Sustainability.James A. Swaim, Michael J. Maloni, Stuart A. Napshin & Amy B. Henley - 2014 - Journal of Business Ethics 124 (3):1-20.
    As organizations place greater emphasis on environmental objectives, business educators must produce the next set of leaders who can champion corporate environmental sustainability initiatives. However, environmental sustainability represents a polarizing topic with some students dismissing its importance and legitimacy. Limited research exists to understand student behavioral influences on sustainability education, especially as it translates to environmental sustainability behavior in the workplace. This gap challenges our ability as educators to understand how to best teach environmental sustainability in order to reach diverse (...)
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  3.  48
    Neurophenomenology – A Special Issue.M. Beaton, B. Pierce & S. A. J. Stuart - 2013 - Constructivist Foundations 8 (3):265-268.
    Context: Seventeen years ago Francisco Varela introduced neurophenomenology. He proposed the integration of phenomenological approaches to first-person experience – in the tradition of Husserl, Heidegger and Merleau-Ponty – with a neuro-dynamical, scientific approach to the study of the situated brain and body. Problem: It is time for a re-appraisal of this field. Has neurophenomenology already contributed to the sciences of the mind? If so, how? How should it best do so in future? Additionally, can neurophenomenology really help to resolve or (...)
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  4.  9
    Agnosticism: A Very Short Introduction [Book Review].S. N. Stuart - 2013 - Australian Humanist, The 112:23.
    Stuart, SN Review of: Agnosticism: A very short introduction, by Robin Le Poidevin Oxford University Press, 2010,.
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  5.  23
    Evaluation of a Behavioral Measure of Risk Taking: The Balloon Analogue Risk Task.C. W. Lejuez, Jennifer P. Read, Christopher W. Kahler, Jerry B. Richards, Susan E. Ramsey, Gregory L. Stuart, David R. Strong & Richard A. Brown - 2002 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied 8 (2):75-84.
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  6. A Metaphysical Approach to the Mind.Susan Stuart - 2003 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 2 (3):223-37.
    It is argued that, based on Kant's descriptive metaphysics, one can prescribe the necessary metaphysical underpinnings for the possibility of conscious experience in an artificial system. This project is developed by giving an account of the a priori concepts of the understanding in such a system. A specification and implementation of the nomological conditions for a conscious system allows one to know a priori that any system possessing this structure will be conscious; thus enabling us to avoid possible false-indicators of (...)
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  7.  13
    Will Part D Produce Savings in Part A and Part B? The Impact of Prescription Drug Coverage on Medicare Program Expenditures.Bruce C. Stuart, Becky A. Briesacher, Jalpa A. Doshi, Marian V. Wrobel & Fatima Baysac - 2007 - Inquiry: The Journal of Health Care Organization, Provision, and Financing 44 (2):146-156.
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  8.  6
    Authenticity: A Red Herring?J. E. P. Currall, M. S. Moss & S. A. J. Stuart - 2008 - Journal of Applied Logic 6 (4):534-544.
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  9.  7
    Echo Objects: The Cognitive Work of Images-a Review.S. A. J. Stuart - 2008 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 15 (3):125-127.
  10. Peeking Inside the Black Box: A New Kind of Scientific Visualization.Michael T. Stuart & Nancy J. Nersessian - 2018 - Minds and Machines 29 (1):87-107.
    Computational systems biologists create and manipulate computational models of biological systems, but they do not always have straightforward epistemic access to the content and behavioural profile of such models because of their length, coding idiosyncrasies, and formal complexity. This creates difficulties both for modellers in their research groups and for their bioscience collaborators who rely on these models. In this paper we introduce a new kind of visualization that was developed to address just this sort of epistemic opacity. The visualization (...)
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  11. Towards a Dual Process Epistemology of Imagination.Michael T. Stuart - 2019 - Synthese:1-22.
    Sometimes we learn through the use of imagination. The epistemology of imagination asks how this is possible. One barrier to progress on this question has been a lack of agreement on how to characterize imagination; for example, is imagination a mental state, ability, character trait, or cognitive process? This paper argues that we should characterize imagination as a cognitive ability, exercises of which are cognitive processes. Following dual process theories of cognition developed in cognitive science, the set of imaginative processes (...)
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  12.  31
    Imagination: A Sine Qua Non of Science.Michael T. Stuart - 2017 - Croatian Journal of Philosophy (49):9-32.
    What role does the imagination play in scientific progress? After examining several studies in cognitive science, I argue that one thing the imagination does is help to increase scientific understanding, which is itself indispensable for scientific progress. Then, I sketch a transcendental justification of the role of imagination in this process.
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  13.  68
    Everyday Scientific Imagination: A Qualitative Study of the Uses, Norms, and Pedagogy of Imagination in Science.Michael T. Stuart - 2019 - Science & Education 28 (6-7):711-730.
    Imagination is necessary for scientific practice, yet there are no in vivo sociological studies on the ways that imagination is taught, thought of, or evaluated by scientists. This article begins to remedy this by presenting the results of a qualitative study performed on two systems biology laboratories. I found that the more advanced a participant was in their scientific career, the more they valued imagination. Further, positive attitudes toward imagination were primarily due to the perceived role of imagination in problem-solving. (...)
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  14. A Companion to Locke.Matthew Stuart (ed.) - 2015 - Blackwell.
    This collection of 28 original essays examines the diverse scope of John Locke’s contributions as a celebrated philosopher, empiricist, and father of modern political theory. Explores the impact of Locke’s thought and writing across a range of fields including epistemology, metaphysics, philosophy of science, political theory, education, religion, and economics Delves into the most important Lockean topics, such as innate ideas, perception, natural kinds, free will, natural rights, religious toleration, and political liberalism Identifies the political, philosophical, and religious contexts in (...)
     
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  15.  56
    A Radical Notion of EmbeddednessA Logically Necessary Precondition for Agency and Self‐Awareness.Susan Stuart - 2002 - Metaphilosophy 33 (1-2):98-109.
    The aim of this paper is to establish the logically necessary preconditions for the existence of self-awareness in an artificial or a natural agent. We examine the terms, agent, situated, embodied, embedded, and representation, as employed ubiquitously in cognitive science, attempting to clarify their meaning and the limits of their use. We discuss the minimal conditions for an agent’s environment constituting a ‘world’ and reject most, though not all, types of virtual world. We argue that to qualify as genuinely situated (...)
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  16.  10
    Constrained Choice and Climate Change Mitigation in US Agriculture: Structural Barriers to a Climate Change Ethic.Diana Stuart & Rebecca L. Schewe - 2016 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 29 (3):369-385.
    This paper examines structural barriers to the adoption of climate change mitigation practices and the evolution of a climate change ethic among American farmers. It examines how seed corn contracts in Michigan constrain the choices of farmers and allow farmers to rationalize the over-application of fertilizer and associated water pollution and greenhouse gas emissions. Seed corn contracts use a competitive “tournament” system where farmers are rewarded for maximizing yields. Interviews and a focus group were used to understand fertilizer over-application and (...)
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  17.  25
    Mixed-System Brain Dynamics: Neural Memory as a Macroscopic Ordered State. [REVIEW]C. I. J. M. Stuart, Y. Takahashi & H. Umezawa - 1979 - Foundations of Physics 9 (3-4):301-327.
    The paper reviews the current situation regarding a new theory of brain dynamics put forward by the authors in an earlier publication. Motivation for the theory is discussed in terms of two issues: the long-standing problem of accounting for the stability and nonlocal properties of memory, and the experimental and theoretical evidence against the classical theory of brain action. It is shown that the new theory provides an explanation and a conceptually unifying framework for phenomena of brain action that resist (...)
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  18.  15
    A Short History Of Providing Medical History Within The British Medical Undergraduate Curriculum.N. H. Metcalfe & E. Stuart - 2014 - Medical Humanities 40 (1):31-37.
    This article aims to discuss the history of medical history in the British medical undergraduate curriculum and it reviews the main characters and organisations that have attempted to earn it a place in the curriculum. It also reviews the arguments for and against the study of the subject that have been used over the last 160 years.
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  19.  7
    A Metaphysical Approach to the Mind.Susan Stuart - 2003 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 2 (3):223-237.
    It is argued that, based on Kant's descriptive metaphysics, one can prescribe the necessary metaphysical underpinnings for the possibility of conscious experience in an artificial system. This project is developed by giving an account of the a priori concepts of the understanding in such a system. A specification and implementation of the nomological conditions for a conscious system allows one to know a priori that any system possessing this structure will be conscious; thus enabling us to avoid possible false-indicators of (...)
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  20.  3
    Preferential Consolidation of Emotional Memory During Sleep: A Meta-Analysis.Gosia Lipinska, Beth Stuart, Kevin G. F. Thomas, David S. Baldwin & Elaina Bolinger - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  21.  51
    Cognitive Science and Thought Experiments: A Refutation of Paul Thagard's Skepticism.Michael T. Stuart - 2014 - Perspectives on Science 22 (2):264-287.
    Paul Thagard has recently argued that thought experiments are dangerous and misleading when we try to use them as evidence for claims. This paper refutes his skepticism. Building on Thagard’s own work in cognitive science, I suggest that Thagard has much that is positive to say about how thought experiments work. My last section presents some new directions for research on the intersection between thought experiments and cognitive science.
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  22.  22
    Does Reading Develop in a Sequence of Stages?Morag Stuart & Max Coltheart - 1988 - Cognition 30 (2):139-181.
  23.  9
    A Political‐Economic Theory of Relevance: Explaining Climate Change Inaction.Ryan Gunderson, Diana Stuart & Matthew Houser - forthcoming - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour.
    Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour, EarlyView.
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  24.  20
    A Virtue-Ethical Approach to Moral Conflicts Involving the Possibility of Self-Sacrifice.Jim Stuart - 2004 - Journal of Social Philosophy 35 (1):21–33.
  25.  28
    Neurocognitive Training for Traumatic Brain Injury: A Pilot Feasibility Study.Hickey Melinda, Johnstone Stuart & Rushby Jacqueline - 2014 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 8.
  26.  36
    Identifying Individuals Engaging in Risky Sexual Behaviour for Chlamydia Infection in the Uk: A Latent Class Approach.Beth Stuart & Andrew Hinde - 2010 - Journal of Biosocial Science 42 (1):27-42.
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  27.  5
    A Hundred Years of British Philosophy.Sterling P. Lamprecht, Rudolf Metz, J. W. Harvey, T. E. Jessop, Henry Stuart & J. H. Muirhead - 1940 - Philosophical Review 49 (2):269.
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  28.  14
    A Randomised Control Investigation of Combined Cognitive and Neurofeedback Training for Children with AD/HD.Johnstone Stuart, Roodenrys Steven, Johnson Kirsten & Bonfield Rebecca - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
  29.  3
    The Need of a Logic of Conduct.Henry W. Stuart - 1904 - Journal of Philosophy 1 (13):344.
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  30.  11
    The MSS. Of the Interpolated (A) Tradition of the Tragedies of Seneca.C. E. Stuart - 1912 - Classical Quarterly 6 (01):1-.
    ‘Der Text der Tragodien des Seneca ist in zwei Rezensionen iiberliefert.Die bessere ist vertreten durch die Haupths. Laur. 37, 13 s. xi/xii.… Zu der schlechteren, stark verfalschten Rezension gehoren die iibrigen Hss., von denen keine iiber die Mitte des 14. Jahrhunderts zuriickgeht.’.
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  31.  11
    Male Guardians of Women's Virtue: A Dharmaśāstric Theme and Its Jain Variations.Mari Jyväsjärvi Stuart - 2013 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 133 (1):35.
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  32.  10
    Investigating the Electrophysiological Correlates of Rewards and Contingency in a Two-Alternative-Choice Procedure.McGill Stuart, Elliffe Douglas & Corballis Paul - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
  33.  13
    A World on the Brink of Nuclear War - the Cold War and the Cuban Missile Crisis.Nerida Stuart - 2013 - Agora (History Teachers' Association of Victoria) 48 (2):52.
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  34.  7
    A Comparison of Two Training Protocols to Improve Inhibitory Control in Healthy Adults.Benikos Nicholas, Johnstone Stuart & Roodenrys Steven - 2014 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 8.
  35.  10
    A Reversal of Perspective in Ethical Theory.Henry W. Stuart - 1920 - Philosophical Review 29 (4):340-354.
  36.  10
    The Roots of Morality-a Review.Susan Aj Stuart - 2010 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 17 (1-2):244-249.
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  37.  7
    A Practical Guide to Assist Hospitals and Physicians Obtain Fellowship Tax Exclusion.William W. Stuart - 1978 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 6 (2):14-15.
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  38.  6
    A Practical Guide to Assist Hospitals and Physicians Obtain Fellowship Tax Exclusion.William W. Stuart - 1978 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 6 (2):14-15.
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  39.  7
    The Need of a Logic of Conduct.Henry W. Stuart - 1904 - Journal of Philosophy, Psychology and Scientific Methods 1 (13):344-350.
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  40. Industrial-Arts-a Lost Vision.Cg Stuart - 1983 - Journal of Thought 18 (3):165-172.
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  41. Enkinaesthesia: The Fundamental Challenge for Machine Consciousness.Susan A. J. Stuart - unknown
    In this short paper I will introduce an idea which, I will argue, presents a fundamental additional challenge to the machine consciousness community. The idea takes the questions surrounding phenomenology, qualia and phenomenality one step further into the realm of intersubjectivity but with a twist, and the twist is this: that an agent’s intersubjective experience is deeply felt and necessarily co-affective; it is enkinaesthetic, and only through enkinaesthetic awareness can we establish the affective enfolding which enables first the perturbation, and (...)
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  42.  38
    Locke's Metaphysics.Matthew Stuart - 2013 - Oxford University Press.
    Matthew Stuart offers a fresh interpretation of John Locke's Essay Concerning Human Understanding, arguing for the work's profound contribution to metaphysics. He presents new readings of Locke's accounts of personal identity and the primary/secondary quality distinction, and explores Locke's case against materialism and his philosophy of action.
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  43. From Agency to Apperception: Through Kinaesthesia to Cognition and Creation.Susan A. J. Stuart - 2008 - Ethics and Information Technology 10 (4):255-264.
    My aim in this paper is to go some way towards showing that the maintenance of hard and fast dichotomies, like those between mind and body, and the real and the virtual, is untenable, and that technological advance cannot occur with being cognisant of its reciprocal ethical implications. In their place I will present a softer enactivist ontology through which I examine the nature of our engagement with technology in general and with virtual realities in particular. This softer ontology is (...)
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  44. Enkinaesthetic Polyphony: The Underpinning for First-Order Languaging.Susan A. J. Stuart & Paul J. Thibault - unknown
    We contest two claims: that language, understood as the processing of abstract symbolic forms, is an instrument of cognition and rational thought, and that conventional notions of turn-taking, exchange structure, and move analysis, are satisfactory as a basis for theorizing communication between living, feeling agents. We offer an enkinaesthetic theory describing the reciprocal affective neuro-muscular dynamical flows and tensions of co- agential dialogical sense-making relations. This “enkinaesthetic dialogue” is characterised by a preconceptual experientially recursive temporal dynamics forming the deep extended (...)
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  45.  77
    The Self as an Embedded Agent.Chris Dobbyn & Susan A. J. Stuart - 2003 - Minds and Machines 13 (2):187-201.
    In this paper we consider the concept of a self-aware agent. In cognitive science agents are seen as embodied and interactively situated in worlds. We analyse the meanings attached to these terms in cognitive science and robotics, proposing a set of conditions for situatedness and embodiment, and examine the claim that internal representational schemas are largely unnecessary for intelligent behaviour in animats. We maintain that current situated and embodied animats cannot be ascribed even minimal self-awareness, and offer a six point (...)
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  46.  89
    Aplasic Phantoms and the Mirror Neuron System: An Enactive, Developmental Perspective.Rachel Wood & Susan A. J. Stuart - 2009 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 8 (4):487-504.
    Phantom limb experiences demonstrate an unexpected degree of fragility inherent in our self-perceptions. This is perhaps most extreme when congenitally absent limbs are experienced as phantoms. Aplasic phantoms highlight fundamental questions about the physiological bases of self-experience and the ontogeny of a physical, embodied sense of the self. Some of the most intriguing of these questions concern the role of mirror neurons in supporting the development of self–other mappings and hence the emergence of phantom experiences of congenitally absent limbs. In (...)
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  47.  56
    The Union of Two Nervous Systems: Neurophenomenology, Enkinaesthesia, and the Alexander Technique.S. A. J. Stuart - 2013 - Constructivist Foundations 8 (3):314-323.
    Context: Neurophenomenology is a relatively new field, with scope for novel and informative approaches to empirical questions about what structural parallels there are between neural activity and phenomenal experience. Problem: The overall aim is to present a method for examining possible correlations of neurodynamic and phenodynamic structures within the structurally-coupled work of Alexander Technique practitioners with their pupils. Method: This paper includes the development of an enkinaesthetic explanatory framework, an overview of the salient aspects of the Alexander Technique, and the (...)
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  48.  42
    Machine Consciousness: Cognitive and Kinaesthetic Imagination.Susan A. J. Stuart - 2007 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 14 (7):141-153.
    Machine consciousness exists already in organic systems and it is only a matter of time -- and some agreement -- before it will be realised in reverse-engineered organic systems and forward- engineered inorganic systems. The agreement must be over the preconditions that must first be met if the enterprise is to be successful, and it is these preconditions, for instance, being a socially-embedded, structurally-coupled and dynamic, goal-directed entity that organises its perceptual input and enacts its world through the application of (...)
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  49.  35
    Enkinaesthesia: The Essential Sensuous Background for Co-Agency.Susan A. J. Stuart - 2012 - In Zravko Radman (ed.), The Background: Knowing Without Thinking. Palgrave-Macmillan.
    The primary aim of this essay is to present a case for a heavily revised notion of heterophenomenology. l will refer to the revised notion as ‘enkinaesthesia’ because of its dependence on the experiential entanglement of our own and the other’s felt action as the sensory background within which all other experience is possible. Enkinaesthesia2 emphasizes two things: (i) the neuromuscular dynamics of the agent, including the givenness and ownership of its experience, and (ii) the entwined, blended and situated co-affective (...)
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  50.  69
    Conscious Machines: Memory, Melody and Muscular Imagination. [REVIEW]Susan A. J. Stuart - 2010 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 9 (1):37-51.
    A great deal of effort has been, and continues to be, devoted to developing consciousness artificially (A small selection of the many authors writing in this area includes: Cotterill (J Conscious Stud 2:290–311, 1995 , 1998 ), Haikonen ( 2003 ), Aleksander and Dunmall (J Conscious Stud 10:7–18, 2003 ), Sloman ( 2004 , 2005 ), Aleksander ( 2005 ), Holland and Knight ( 2006 ), and Chella and Manzotti ( 2007 )), and yet a similar amount of effort has (...)
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