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Stuart J. Youngner [41]Stuart Youngner [7]
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Stuart Youngner
Case Western Reserve University
  1.  16
    Quality Attestation for Clinical Ethics Consultants: A Two‐Step Model From the American Society for Bioethics and Humanities.Eric Kodish, Joseph J. Fins, Clarence Braddock, Felicia Cohn, Nancy Neveloff Dubler, Marion Danis, Arthur R. Derse, Robert A. Pearlman, Martin Smith, Anita Tarzian, Stuart Youngner & Mark G. Kuczewski - 2013 - Hastings Center Report 43 (5):26-36.
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  2.  6
    The Texas Advanced Directive Law: Unfinished Business.Michael Kapottos & Stuart Youngner - 2015 - American Journal of Bioethics 15 (8):34-38.
    The Texas Advance Directive Act allows physicians and hospitals to overrule patient or family requests for futile care. Purposefully not defining futility, the law leaves its determination in specific cases to an institutional process. While the law has received several criticisms, it does seem to work constructively in the cases that come to the review process. We introduce a new criticism: While the law has been justified by an appeal to professional values such as avoiding harm to patients, avoiding the (...)
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  3. A Conceptual Model for the Translation of Bioethics Research and Scholarship.Debra J. H. Mathews, D. Micah Hester, Jeffrey Kahn, Amy McGuire, Ross McKinney, Keith Meador, Sean Philpott‐Jones, Stuart Youngner & Benjamin S. Wilfond - 2016 - Hastings Center Report 46 (5):34-39.
    While the bioethics literature demonstrates that the field has spent substantial time and thought over the last four decades on the goals, methods, and desired outcomes for service and training in bioethics, there has been less progress defining the nature and goals of bioethics research and scholarship. This gap makes it difficult both to describe the breadth and depth of these areas of bioethics and, importantly, to gauge their success. However, the gap also presents us with an opportunity to define (...)
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  4.  33
    Propranolol and the Prevention of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder: Is It Wrong to Erase the “Sting” of Bad Memories?Michael Henry, Jennifer R. Fishman & Stuart J. Youngner - 2007 - American Journal of Bioethics 7 (9):12 – 20.
    The National Institute of Mental Health (Bethesda, MD) reports that approximately 5.2 million Americans experience post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) each year. PTSD can be severely debilitating and diminish quality of life for patients and those who care for them. Studies have indicated that propranolol, a beta-blocker, reduces consolidation of emotional memory. When administered immediately after a psychic trauma, it is efficacious as a prophylactic for PTSD. Use of such memory-altering drugs raises important ethical concerns, including some futuristic dystopias put forth (...)
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  5.  56
    Death and Organ Procurement: Public Beliefs and Attitudes.Laura A. Siminoff, Christopher Burant & Stuart J. Youngner - 2004 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 14 (3):217-234.
    : Although "brain death" and the dead donor rule—i.e., patients must not be killed by organ retrieval—have been clinically and legally accepted in the U.S. as prerequisites to organ removal, there is little data about public attitudes and beliefs concerning these matters. To examine the public attitudes and beliefs about the determination of death and its relationship to organ transplantation, 1351 Ohio residents ≥18 years were randomly selected and surveyed using random digit dialing (RDD) sample frames. The RDD telephone survey (...)
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  6.  22
    The Dead Donor Rule: Should We Stretch It, Bend It, or Abandon It?Robert M. Arnold & Stuart J. Youngner - 1993 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 3 (2):263-278.
  7.  26
    Ethics Consultation: From Theory to Practice.Mark P. Aulisio, Robert M. Arnold & Stuart J. Youngner (eds.) - 2003 - Johns Hopkins University Press.
    In the clinical setting, questions of medical ethics raise a host of perplexing problems, often complicated by conflicting perspectives and the need to make immediate decisions. In this volume, bioethicists and physicians provide a nuanced, in-depth approach to the difficult issues involved in bioethics consultation. Addressing the needs of researchers, clinicians, and other health professionals on the front lines of bioethics practice, the contributors focus primarily on practical concerns -- whether ethics consultation is best done by individuals, teams, or committees (...)
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  8.  20
    Philosophical Debates About the Definition of Death: Who Cares?Stuart J. Youngner & Robert M. Arnold - 2001 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 26 (5):527 – 537.
    Since the Harvard Committees bold and highly successful attempt to redefine death in 1968 (Harvard Ad Hoc committee, 1968), multiple controversies have arisen. Stimulated by several factors, including the inherent conceptual weakness of the Harvard Committees proposal, accumulated clinical experience, and the incessant push to expand the pool of potential organ donors, the lively debate about the definition of death has, for the most part, been confined to a relatively small group of academics who have created a large body of (...)
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  9.  8
    For Experts Only? Access to Hospital Ethics Committees.George J. Agich & Stuart J. Youngner - 1991 - Hastings Center Report 21 (5):17-24.
  10.  1
    Who Will Watch the Watchers?Stuart J. Youngner & Robert Arnold - 2002 - Hastings Center Report 32 (3):21-22.
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  11.  10
    A Pilot Evaluation of Portfolios for Quality Attestation of Clinical Ethics Consultants.Joseph J. Fins, Eric Kodish, Felicia Cohn, Marion Danis, Arthur R. Derse, Nancy Neveloff Dubler, Barbara Goulden, Mark Kuczewski, Mary Beth Mercer, Robert A. Pearlman, Martin L. Smith, Anita Tarzian & Stuart J. Youngner - 2016 - American Journal of Bioethics 16 (3):15-24.
    Although clinical ethics consultation is a high-stakes endeavor with an increasing prominence in health care systems, progress in developing standards for quality is challenging. In this article, we describe the results of a pilot project utilizing portfolios as an evaluation tool. We found that this approach is feasible and resulted in a reasonably wide distribution of scores among the 23 submitted portfolios that we evaluated. We discuss limitations and implications of these results, and suggest that this is a significant step (...)
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  12.  4
    Casting Light and Doubt on Uncontrolled DCDD Protocols.David Rodríguez‐Arias, Iván Ortega‐Deballon, Maxwell J. Smith & Stuart J. Youngner - 2013 - Hastings Center Report 43 (1):27-30.
  13.  63
    Intrinsic Conflicts of Interest in Clinical Research: A Need for Disclosure.Sharmon Sollitto, Sharona Hoffman, Maxwell J. Mehlman, Robert J. Lederman, Stuart J. Youngner & Michael M. Lederman - 2003 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 13 (2):83-91.
    : Protection of human subjects from investigators' conflicts of interest is critical to the integrity of clinical investigation. Personal financial conflicts of interest are addressed by university policies, professional society guidelines, publication standards, and government regulation, but "intrinsic conflicts of interest"—conflicts of interest inherent in all clinical research—have received relatively less attention. Such conflicts arise in all clinical research endeavors as a result of the tension among professionals' responsibilities to their research and to their patients and both academic and financial (...)
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  14.  3
    Patient-Satisfaction Surveys on a Scale of 0 to 10:Improving Health Care, or Leading It Astray?Alexandra Junewicz & Stuart J. Youngner - 2015 - Hastings Center Report 45 (3):43-51.
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  15.  15
    Clinical Ethics Consultation: Examining How American and Japanese Experts Analyze an Alzheimeras Case.Noriko Nagao, Mark P. Aulisio, Yoshio Nukaga, Misao Fujita, Shinji Kosugi, Stuart Youngner & Akira Akabayashi - 2008 - BMC Medical Ethics 9 (1):2-.
    BackgroundFew comparative studies of clinical ethics consultation practices have been reported. The objective of this study was to explore how American and Japanese experts analyze an Alzheimer's case regarding ethics consultation.MethodsWe presented the case to physicians and ethicists from the US and Japan (one expert from each field from both countries; total = 4) and obtained their responses through a questionnaire and in-depth interviews.ResultsEstablishing a consensus was a common goal among American and Japanese participants. In attempting to achieve consensus, the (...)
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  16. Physician-Assisted Death in Perspective: Assessing the Dutch Experience.Stuart J. Youngner & Gerrit K. Kimsma (eds.) - 2012 - Cambridge University Press.
    This book is the first comprehensive report and analysis of the Dutch euthanasia experience over the last three decades. In contrast to most books about euthanasia, which are written by authors from countries where the practice is illegal and therefore practised only secretly, this book analyzes empirical data and real-life clinical behavior. Its essays were written by the leading Dutch scholars and clinicians who shaped euthanasia policy and who have studied, evaluated and helped regulate it. Some of them have themselves (...)
     
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  17.  1
    Original Articles.Stuart J. Youngner, Robert M. Arnold & Michael A. Devita - 1999 - Hastings Center Report 29 (6):14-21.
  18.  5
    School DNAR in the Real World.Stuart J. Youngner - 2005 - American Journal of Bioethics 5 (1):66-67.
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  19.  11
    Do Formal Advance Directives Affect Resuscitation Decisions and the Use of Resources for Seriously Ill Patients? SUPPORT Investigators. Study to Understand Prognoses and Preferences for Outcomes and Risks of Treatments.Joan M. Teno, Joanne Lynn, Russell S. Phillips, Donald Murphy, Stuart J. Youngner, Paul Bellamy, Alfred F. Connors Jr, Norman A. Desbiens, William Fulkerson & William A. Knaus - 1994 - Journal of Clinical Ethics 5 (1):23.
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  20.  43
    Fine-Tuning the Future.Stuart J. Youngner - 2010 - Hastings Center Report 40 (3):7.
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  21. When Is "Dead"?Stuart J. Youngner, Robert M. Arnold & Michael A. DeVita - 1999 - Hastings Center Report 29 (6):14.
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  22.  9
    How Can You Be Transparent About Labeling the Living as Dead?David Rodríguez-Arias, Dominic Wilkinson & Stuart Youngner - 2017 - American Journal of Bioethics 17 (5):24-25.
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  23.  7
    Response to Open Commentaries for "Propranolol and the Prevention of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder: Is It Wrong to Erase the 'Sting' of Bad Memories?".Michael Henry, Jennifer R. Fishman & Stuart J. Youngner - 2007 - American Journal of Bioethics 7 (9):1-3.
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  24. A Physician/Ethicist Responds: A Student's Rights Are Not So Simple.Stuart J. Youngner - 1992 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 2 (1):13-18.
  25.  10
    Should Psychiatrists Serve as Gatekeepers for Physician‐Assisted Suicide?Mark D. Sullivan, Stuart J. Youngner & Linda Ganzini - 1998 - Hastings Center Report 28 (4):24-31.
  26.  33
    Some Must Die.Stuart J. Youngner - 2003 - Zygon 38 (3):705-724.
    The transplantation and procurement of human organs has become almost routine in American society. Yet, organ transplantation raises difficult ethical and psychosocial issues in the context of “controlled” death, including the blurring of boundaries between life and death, self and other, healing and harming, and killing and letting die. These issues are explored in the context of the actual experiences of organ donors and recipients, brain death, the introduction of non‐heartbeating donor protocols, and the increasing reliance on living donors. The (...)
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  27.  1
    An Ongoing Conversation: The Task Force Report and Bioethics Consultation.Mark P. Aulisio, Robert M. Arnold & Stuart J. Youngner - 1999 - Journal of Clinical Ethics 10 (1):3.
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  28.  6
    Back to the Future: Obtaining Organs From Non-Heart-Beating Cadavers.Robert M. Arnold & Stuart J. Youngner - 1993 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 3 (2):103-111.
  29. Case Studies: Family Wishes and Patient Autonomy.Stuart J. Youngner, David L. Jackson & William Ruddick - 1980 - Hastings Center Report 10 (5):21.
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  30.  9
    The Definition of Death.Stuart Youngner - 2009 - In Bonnie Steinbock (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Bioethics. Oxford University Press.
    Two factors, medical science's growing control over the timing of death and the increasingly desperate need for organs, have led to a reopening of the debate about the definition of death and have forced a consideration of aspects of the determination of death that had never been addressed before. Without the pressing need for organs, the definition of death would have remained on the back shelf, the conversation of a few interested philosophers or theologians. This article examines some new questions (...)
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  31.  5
    Family Wishes And Patient Autonomy: Commentary.Stuart J. Youngner & David L. Jackson - 1980 - Hastings Center Report 10 (October):21-22.
  32.  1
    The Indeterminacies of DeathThe Definition of Death: Contemporary Controversies.Karen G. Gervais, Stuart J. Youngner, Robert M. Arnold & Renie Shapiro - 2000 - Hastings Center Report 30 (5):45.
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  33.  10
    Response to Open Peer Commentaries on “The Texas Advanced Directive Law: Unfinished Business”.Stuart J. Youngner & Michael Kapattos - 2015 - American Journal of Bioethics 15 (9):6-7.
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  34.  1
    Do‐Not‐Resuscitate Orders: No Longer Secret But Still a Problem.Stuart J. Youngner - 1987 - Hastings Center Report 17 (1):24-33.
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  35.  13
    Ethics Without Borders? Why The United States Needs an International Dialogue on Living Organ Donation.M. Aulisio, Nicole M. Deming, Donna L. Luebke, Miriam Weiss, Rachel Phetteplace & Stuart J. Youngner - 2014 - In Akira Akabayashi (ed.), The Future of Bioethics: International Dialogues. Oxford University Press.
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  36.  13
    Task Force on Standards for Ethics Consultation: Response to “Ethics Consultation: The Least Dangerous Profession?”. [REVIEW]Robert Arnold & Stuart J. Youngner - 1996 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 5 (2):284.
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  37.  8
    The Stakes Are Not Very High in This Game.Stuart J. Youngner - 2007 - American Journal of Bioethics 7 (4):42 – 43.
  38.  6
    Introduction.Stuart J. Youngner, Laura A. Siminoff & Renie Schapiro - 2004 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 14 (3):211-215.
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  39.  2
    The Psychological and Moral Consequences of Participating in Human Fetal-Tissue Research.Stuart J. Youngner - 1993 - Journal of Clinical Ethics 4 (4):356.
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  40.  2
    Autonomy and the Need to Preserve Life.David L. Jackson & Stuart Youngner - 1982 - Hastings Center Report 12 (3):44-44.
  41.  2
    Patients?Attitudes Toward Hospital Ethics Committees.Stuart J. Youngner, Claudia Coulton, Barbara W. Juknialis & David L. Jackson - 1984 - Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics 12 (1):21-25.
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  42.  1
    Clinical Ethics Consultation: Attention to Cultural and Historic Context.Stuart J. Youngner & Susan E. Watson - 2008 - Arbor 184 (730).
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  43.  1
    The Authors Reply.Alexandra Junewicz & Stuart J. Youngner - 2015 - Hastings Center Report 45 (6):4-5.
    A response to “CAHPS Surveys: Valid and Valuable Measures of Patient Experience,” byWilliam G. Lehrman and Mark W. Friedberg, and to “Courage, Context, and Contemporary Health Care,” by Jeffrey T. Berger.
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  44.  1
    Commentary on" Is Mr. Spock Mentally Competent?".Stuart J. Youngner - 1998 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 5 (1):89-92.
  45.  1
    Drawing the Line in Brain Death.Stuart J. Youngner - 1987 - Hastings Center Report 17 (4):43-44.
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  46.  1
    To the Editor.Stuart J. Youngner - 2010 - Hastings Center Report 40 (3):7-8.
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  47. The Future of Psychiatry.Mary C. Rawlinson & Stuart J. Youngner - 1990 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 15 (1):1-119.
     
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  48. Organizational Ethics: Promises and Pitfalls.Paul M. Schyve, Linda L. Emanuel, William Winslade & Stuart J. Youngner - 2003 - In Mark P. Aulisio, Robert M. Arnold & Stuart J. Youngner (eds.), Ethics Consultation: From Theory to Practice. Johns Hopkins University Press.
     
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