Results for 'Sue Mayer'

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  1.  23
    Finding a Precautionary Approach to Technological Developments – Lessons for the Evaluation of GM Crops.Sue Mayer & Andy Stirling - 2002 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 15 (1):57-71.
    The introduction of genetically modified (GM) crops and foods into Europe has generated considerable controversy. Despite a risk assessment system that is intended to beprecautionary in nature, the decisions thathave been taken have not gathered publicconfidence. Key attributes of a precautionaryappraisal system include humility,completeness, assessing benefits andjustifications, making comparisons, allowingfor public participation, transparency,diversity, and the ``mapping'' of alternativeviews rather than the prescription of singlesolutions. A comparison of the European GMregulatory system with a different (moreprecautionary) approach using a ``multi-criteriamapping'' technique reveals (...)
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  2.  1
    Questioning GM Foods.Sue Mayer - forthcoming - Bioethics for Scientists:141--152.
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  3.  68
    The Validity of the MSCEIT: Additional Analyses and Evidence.John D. Mayer, Peter Salovey & David R. Caruso - 2012 - Emotion Review 4 (4):403-408.
    We address concerns raised by Maul (2012) regarding the validity of the Mayer-Salovey-Caruso Emotional Intelligence Test (MSCEIT). We respond to requests for clarifications of our model, and explain why the MSCEIT’s scoring methods stand up to scrutiny and why many reported reliabilities of the MSCEIT may be underestimates, using reanalyses of the test’s standardization sample of N = 5,000 to illustrate our point. We also organize findings from four recent articles that provide evidence for the MSCEIT’s validity based on (...)
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  4.  6
    Du temps social aux temps sociaux.Roger Sue - forthcoming - Rhuthmos.
    Extrait de R. Sue, Temps et ordre social. Sociologie des temps sociaux, Paris, PUF, 1994, p. 28-32. Nous remercions Roger Sue de nous avoir autorisé à reproduire ici ce texte. Il faut renoncer à faire une sociologie du temps en général. Renoncement difficile pour le sociologue toujours enclin à penser la société sous forme d'unité. Unité qui produirait son propre temps, un temps unique, le temps de la société. Cette illusion de l'unité est extrêmement forte lorsqu'il s'agit du temps, en (...)
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  5. Die Aktualität Husserls.Verena Mayer, Christopher Erhard & Marisa Scherini (eds.) - 2011 - Karl Alber.
    In diesem Sammelband werden Aufsätze von renommierten Husserl-Forschern und Nachwuchswissenschaftlern zu systematischen Fragen und Problemen von Husserls Phänomenologie versammelt. Die Texte basieren teilweise auf Vorträgen der Tagung „Die Aktualität Husserls", die 2009 an der LMU München stattgefunden hat. In drei thematischen Blöcken, die sich schwerpunktmäßig auf Probleme der Ontologie, Sprachphilosophie/ Philosophie des Geistes und Handlungstheorie/Ethik konzentrieren, wird die systematische Breite und Komplexität von Husserls Denken deutlich, das sich nahezu nahtlos auf aktuelle Fragestellungen beziehen lässt - wenngleich es sich diesen nicht (...)
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  6.  24
    Examining the Link Between Ethical Leadership and Employee Misconduct: The Mediating Role of Ethical Climate. [REVIEW]David M. Mayer, Maribeth Kuenzi & Rebecca L. Greenbaum - 2010 - Journal of Business Ethics 95 (1):7-16.
    Drawing on theory and research on ethical leadership and ethical climate, we examine ethical climate as a mediator of the relationship between ethical leadership and employee misconduct. Using a sample of 1,525 employees and their supervisors in 300 units in different organizations, we find support for our hypothesized model. We discuss theoretical and practical implications of these findings.
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  7. Human Reasoning.Russell Revlin & Richard E. Mayer (eds.) - 1978 - Distributed Solely by Halsted Press.
  8. What's Wrong with Exploitation?Robert Mayer - 2007 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 24 (2):137–150.
    This paper offers a new answer to an old question. Others have argued that exploitation is wrong because it is coercive, or degrading, or fails to protect the vulnerable. But these answers only work for certain cases; counterexamples are easily found. In this paper I identify a different answer to the question by placing exploitation within the larger family of wrongs to which it belongs. Exploitation is one species of wrongful gain, and exploiters always gain at the expense of others (...)
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  9. The Techniques, Basic Concepts, and Preconceptions of Science and Their Relation to Social Study.Joseph Mayer - 1935 - Philosophy of Science 2 (4):431-483.
  10. Pseudo-Scientific Economic Doctrine--Continued.Joseph Mayer - 1936 - Philosophy of Science 3 (4):515-541.
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  11. Sweatshops, Exploitation, and Moral Responsibility.Robert Mayer - 2007 - Journal of Social Philosophy 38 (4):605–619.
  12. A Return to Reciprocity.Lorraine Mayer - 2007 - Hypatia 22 (3):22-42.
    : Feminist affiliation has long been suspect among Native American women whose memories survive the dishonor of colonialism. The idea of common struggles is simultaneously repugnant and alluring. Sadly, this has led to much confusion and rejection between Aboriginal women. I suggest "a return to reciprocity" to understand and come to terms with feminist rejection or affiliation. If we cannot come together, the fracturing that began with European ideology will continue to fragment and destroy the fabric of Native cultures.
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  13. Is Embryo Adoption a Form of Surrogacy?Ryan C. Mayer - 2011 - The National Catholic Bioethics Quarterly 11 (2):249-256.
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  14.  35
    Nonlethal Weapons and Noncombatant Immunity: Is It Permissible to Target Noncombatants?Chris Mayer - 2007 - Journal of Military Ethics 6 (3):221-231.
    The concept of noncombatant immunity prohibits the intentional targeting of noncombatants. The availability of nonlethal weapons (NLW) may weaken this prohibition, especially since using NLWs against noncombatants may, in some cases, actually save the noncombatants' lives. Given the advancement of NLWs, I argue that their probable appearance on the battlefield demands close scrutiny due to the moral problems associated with their use. In this paper, I examine four distinct cases and determine whether the use of NLWs is morally permissible. While (...)
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  15.  8
    Reconciling Different Views on Responsible Leadership: A Rationality-Based Approach. [REVIEW]Christof Miska, Christian Hilbe & Susanne Mayer - 2013 - Journal of Business Ethics 125 (2):1-12.
    Business leaders are increasingly responsible for the societal and environmental impacts of their actions. Yet conceptual views on responsible leadership differ in their definitions and theoretical foundations. This study attempts to reconcile these diverse views and uncover the phenomenon from a business leader’s point of view. Based on rational egoism theory, this article proposes a formal mathematical model of responsible leadership that considers different types of incentives for stakeholder engagement. The analyses reveal that monetary and instrumental incentives are neither sufficient (...)
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  16.  1
    Reluctant Technocrats: Science Promotion in the Neglect-of-Science Debate of 1916-1918.Anna-K. Mayer - 2005 - History of Science 43 (2):139-159.
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  17.  17
    Setting Up a Discipline, II: British History of Science and “the End of Ideology”, 1931–1948.Anna-K. Mayer - 2004 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 35 (1):41-72.
    For the history of science the 1940s were a transformative decade, when salient scholars like Herbert Butterfield or Alexandre Koyré set out to shape postwar culture by promoting new standards for understanding science. Some years ago I placed these developments in a tradition of enduring arts–science tensions and the contemporary notion that previous, “scientistic”, historical practices needed to be confronted with disinterested codes of historical craft . Here, I want to further explore the ideological dimensions of the processes through which (...)
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  18.  20
    Setting Up a Discipline: Conflicting Agendas of the Cambridge History of Science Committee, 1936–1950.Anna-K. Mayer - 2000 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 31 (4):665-689.
    Traditionally the domain of scientists, the history of science became an independent field of inquiry only in the twentieth century and mostly after the Second World War. This process of emancipation was accompanied by a historiographical departure from previous, ‘scientistic’ practices, a transformation often attributed to influences from sociology, philosophy and history. Similarly, the liberal humanists who controlled the Cambridge History of Science Committee after 1945 emphasized that their contribution lay in the special expertise they, as trained historians, brought to (...)
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  19. Personata Stoa: Neostoicism and Senecan Tragedy.Roland Mayer - 1994 - Journal of the Warburg and Courtauld Institutes 57:151-174.
  20.  25
    Guestworkers and Exploitation.Robert Mayer - 2005 - Review of Politics 67 (2):311--334.
    Are guest-worker programs exploitative? Egalitarian and neoclassical theories of exploitation agree that they always are. But these judgments are too indiscriminate. Privileged guests are the exception, and the exception points toward a more sensitive standard for identifying exploitation. This more sensitive standard, the sufficiency theory of exploitation, is used to analyze several guest-worker programs. Even when guest-worker programs are exploitative, it is argued that the unfairness should be tolerated if the exploitation is modest, not severe, and if the most likely (...)
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  21.  23
    Kasky V. Nike and the Quarrelsome Question of Corporate Free Speech.Don Mayer - 2007 - Business Ethics Quarterly 17 (1):65-96.
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  22.  20
    Guest Editors' Introduction On Understanding Ethical Behavior and Decision Making.David De Cremer, David M. Mayer & Marshall Schminke - 2010 - Business Ethics Quarterly 20 (1):1-6.
    Behavioral ethics is an emerging field that takes an empirical, social scientific approach to the study of business ethics. In this special issue, we include six articles that fall within the domain of behavioral ethics and that focus on three themes—moral awareness, ethical decision making, and reactions to unethical behavior. Each of the articles sheds additional light on the specific issues addressed. However, we hope this special issue will have an impact beyond that of the new insights offered in these (...)
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  23.  1
    Failure to Replicate Mood-Dependent Retrieval.Gordon H. Bower & John D. Mayer - 1985 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 23 (1):39-42.
  24.  3
    Declaration of Patent Applications as Financial Interests: A Survey of Practice Among Authors of Papers on Molecular Biology in Nature.S. Mayer - 2006 - Journal of Medical Ethics 32 (11):658-661.
    Objectives: To determine whether authors of scientific publications in molecular biology declare patents and other potential financial interests.Design: Survey of a 6-month sample of papers related to molecular biology in Nature.Methods: The esp@cenet worldwide patent search engine was used to search for patents applied for by the authors of scientific papers in Nature that were related to molecular biology and genetics, between January and June 2005.Results: Of the 79 papers considered, four had declared that certain authors had competing financial interests. (...)
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  25.  14
    Fatal Mutilations: Educationism and the British Background to the 1931 International Congress for the History of Science and Technology.Anna-K. Mayer - 2002 - History of Science 40 (4; ISSU 130):445-472.
  26.  15
    Themes of Social Responsibility: A Survey of Three Professional Schools. [REVIEW]Jan Mayer - 1988 - Journal of Business Ethics 7 (4):313-320.
    Criteria distinguishing the professions from ordinary occupations have traditionally stressed the notion of commitment to a service ethic which implies social responsibility. In this survey of 223 students and faculty of three university professional schools in Canada, the extent to which students exhibit awareness of the ethical component in their future work is examined. Particular attention is paid to the structural contradictions inherent in the work context of the salaried professions, especially the ethical dilemmas that arise out of bureaucratic demands (...)
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  27.  20
    Ethics and the Gender Equality Dilemma for U.S. Multinationals.Don Mayer & Anita Cava - 1993 - Journal of Business Ethics 12 (9):701 - 708.
    U.S. multinational enterprises must now follow the policies of Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 in their overseas operations, at least with respect to U.S. expatriate employees. Doing so in a culture which discourages gender equality in the workplace raises difficult issues, both practically and ethically. Vigorously importing U.S. attitudes toward gender-equality into a social culture such as Japan or Saudi Arabia may seem ethnocentric, a version of ethical imperialism. Yet adapting to host country norms risks a (...)
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  28.  14
    The Role of Ideology in Disagreements Among Economists: A Quantitative Analysis.Thomas Mayer - 2001 - Journal of Economic Methodology 8 (2):253-273.
    How justified is the charge that ideology strongly influences the allegedly objective opinions of economists? An analysis of a new survey of AEA members and of surveys of labour economists and public economists shows that value judgments and judgments about the government's efficacy have some influence on the way economists think about what should be purely economic issues. But such influence is not strong enough to explain much of the disagreement among economists.
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  29.  43
    Payday Loans and Exploitation.Robert Mayer - 2003 - Public Affairs Quarterly 17 (3):197--217.
    This paper uses the example of payday loans to identify two standards of exploitation that better accord with intuitions about taking unfair advantage than neoclassical or neo-Marxian exploitation theory. These two standards are derived from ongoing policy debates about the regulation of payday loans. The sufficiency standard is more restrictive than relative-advantage theory, but the latter indicates when exceptions to the prohibition on exploitation should be made for the sake of the disadvantaged party.
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  30.  11
    Data Mining: A Reconsideration.Thomas Mayer - 2000 - Journal of Economic Methodology 7 (2):183-194.
    Data mining occurs because most economic hypotheses do not have a unique empirical interpretation but allow the econometrician much leeway in selecting conditioning variables, lags, functional forms, and sometimes the sample. The resulting problems are of interest not only to methodologists and philosophers concerned with how hypotheses are validated in the presence of some inevitable ad hocery but, also to readers of economics journals who have no interest in methodology but need to know whether to believe what they read. Since (...)
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  31.  21
    Author's Response.Milton Mayer - 2011 - World Futures 11 (sup1):124-127.
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  32.  7
    The Domain of Hypotheses and the Realism of Assumptions.Thomas Mayer - 1999 - Journal of Economic Methodology 6 (3):319-330.
    The principle that theories should be tested by the accuracy of their predictions but not by the realism of their assumptions needs to be qualified. As a practical matter we often need to evaluate the applicability of theories to cases for which they have not been tested by their predictions. Here we rely on the fact that theories are applicable only within a specific domain. In determining whether a specific case, for which no direct tests are available, is within the (...)
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  33.  31
    A Defense of International Language.O. H. Mayer - 1909 - The Monist 19 (3):425-430.
  34.  11
    Improving Communication in Economics: A Task for Methodologists.Thomas Mayer - 2001 - Journal of Economic Methodology 8 (1):77-84.
  35.  34
    Malay Not Acceptable.O. H. Mayer - 1909 - The Monist 19 (4):633-634.
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  36.  1
    Transformations, Basic Operations and Language Acquisition.Judith Winzemer Mayer, Anne Erreich & Virginia Valian - 1978 - Cognition 6 (1):1-13.
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  37.  8
    Expanding the Role of Methodology.Thomas Mayer - 1994 - Journal of Economic Methodology 1 (2):295-300.
    One way of inducing economists to pay more attention to methodology is for methodologists to take up problems that practicing economists will see as relevant to their work and discuss them in a non-technical manner. The paper provides some examples of how methodologists could aid practicing economists in this way. The examples used are the validity of the new classical's insistence on reductionism, the tension between those who want to ground economic theory rigorously, and those willing to work with informal (...)
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  38.  77
    Implicit Thoughts: Quine, Frege and Kant on Analytic Propositions.Verena Mayer - 2003 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 66 (1):61-90.
    Quine criticised the semantic notion of analyticity that is often attributed to Frege and Kant for presupposing an essentialist theory of meaning. In what follows I trace back the notion from Quine via Carnap to Frege and Kant, and eventually examine Kant's distinction between analytic and synthetic judgements in more detail. It turns out that the so called Frege-Kant-notion of analyticity can not be attributed to Kant. In contrast, Kant had a distinctly pragmatic notion of analytic judgements. According to him (...)
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  39.  77
    Plekhanov, Lenin and Working-Class Consciousness.Robert Mayer - 1997 - Studies in East European Thought 49 (3):159-185.
    According to the prevailing scholarly view, made popular by Neil Harding, Lenin is said to have derived his well-known theory of working-class consciousness in What Is To Be Done? from G. V. Plekhanov, the father of Russian Marxism. Is this article I demonstrate, however, that Plekhanov and Lenin disagreed quite sharply on this question. Plekhanov did not believe that workers would fail to develop a socialist consciousness in the absence of external intervention. Indeed, Plekhanov was a thorough-going optimist about proletarian (...)
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  40.  6
    What Conservative Media? The Unproven Case for Conservative Media Bias.William G. Mayer - 2005 - Critical Review 17 (3-4):315-338.
    Abstract A great deal of recent academic writing claims?but, more often, assumes?that the American news media have a predominantly conservative bias, slanting and shaping their coverage in ways that favor right?wing foreign, economic, cultural, and social policies. Two major books pioneered this position and have gone largely uncriticized, despite their immense influence. A detailed examination of Herbert Gans's Deciding What's News and Ben Bagdikian's The Media Monopoly shows, however, that they fall far short of proving their claims about media bias. (...)
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  41.  17
    An Efficient Approach to Nominal Equalities in Hybrid Logic Tableaux.Serenella Cerrito & Marta Cialdea Mayer - 2010 - Journal of Applied Non-Classical Logics 20 (1-2):39-61.
  42.  18
    Boettke's Austrian Critique of Mainstream Economics: An Empiricist's Response.Thomas Mayer - 1998 - Critical Review 12 (1-2):151-171.
    Abstract Many of Boettke's criticisms of formalist economics are justified. However, he defines formalism so broadly that it becomes practically synonymous with mainstream economics, while his criticisms primarily target the sins of formalist economics more narrowly defined. And since he treats Austrian economics as the only viable alternative to mainstream economics, he incorrectly awards victory to Austrian economics. While Austrian economics has some valuable ideas to contribute to mainstream economics, it has serious deficiencies of its own.
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  43.  23
    Erotic Nihilism in Late Imperial Russia: The Case of Mikhail Artsybashev's Sanin. By Otto Boele.Robert Mayer - 2013 - The European Legacy 18 (2):245-246.
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  44.  14
    Das Institutum Judaicum in Tübingen.Reinhold Mayer - 1960 - Zeitschrift für Religions- Und Geistesgeschichte 12 (1):79-80.
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  45.  13
    Editorial Reply.O. H. Mayer - 1909 - The Monist 19 (4):634.
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  46.  9
    Why is There so Much Disagreement Among Economists?Thomas Mayer - 1994 - Journal of Economic Methodology 1 (1):1-14.
  47.  28
    Die Konstruktion der Erfahrungswelt: Carnap Und Husserl. [REVIEW]Verena E. Mayer - 1991 - Erkenntnis 35 (1-3):287 - 303.
  48.  12
    Aggregators: RSS (Radically Subversive Syndication) Poetics.Sophie Mayer - 2009 - Substance 38 (2):43-62.
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  49.  12
    Judaica.Reinhold Mayer - 1971 - Zeitschrift für Religions- Und Geistesgeschichte 23 (1):186-188.
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  50.  12
    Mark Morford: Stoics and Neostoics: Rubens and the Circle of Lipsius. Pp. Xviii + 246; 44 Ills. Princeton University Press, 1991. $42.50. [REVIEW]Roland Mayer - 1992 - The Classical Review 42 (02):489-.
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