Results for 'Sune L��gaard'

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  1.  51
    On the Prospects for a Liberal Theory of Recognition.Sune lægaard - 2005 - Res Publica 11 (4):325-348.
    Multiculturalist theories of recognition consist of explanatory-descriptive social theoretical accounts of the position of the minorities whose predicaments the theories seek to address, together with normative principles generating political implications. Although theories of recognition are often based on illiberal principles or couched in illiberal-sounding language, it is possible to combine proper liberal principles with the kind of social theoretical accounts of minority groups highlighted in multiculturalism. The importance of ‘the social bases of self-respect’ in Rawls’s political liberalism is used to (...)
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  2.  14
    Contextualism in Normative Political Theory and the Problem of Critical Distance.Sune Lægaard - 2019 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 22 (4):953-970.
    Political theory is contextualist when factual claims about context are part of the justification of normative political judgments. There are different kinds of contextualism depending on whether context is relevant for the formulation and justification of political principles, whether principles themselves are contextually specific, or whether context is only relevant for the application of principles. An important challenge to contextualism is the problem of critical distance: how can theories ensure a critical perspective if facts about the context to be evaluated (...)
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  3.  18
    Multiculturalism and Contextualism: How is Context Relevant for Political Theory?Sune Lægaard - 2015 - European Journal of Political Theory 14 (3):259-276.
    Many political theorists of multiculturalism describe their theories as “contextualist.” But it is unclear what “contextualism” means and what difference it makes for political theory. I use a specific prominent example of a multiculturalist discussion, namely Tariq Modood’s argument about “moderate secularism,” as a test case and distinguish between different senses of contextualism. I discuss whether the claim that political theory is contextual in each sense is novel and interesting, and whether contextualism is a distinct feature of political theory of (...)
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  4. What is the Right to Exclude Immigrants?Sune Lægaard - 2010 - Res Publica 16 (3):245-262.
    It is normally taken for granted that states have a right to control immigration into their territory. When immigration is raised as a normative issue two questions become salient, one about what the right to exclude is, and one about whether and how it might be justified. This paper considers the first question. The paper starts by noting that standard debates about immigration have not addressed what the right to exclude is. Standard debates about immigration furthermore tend to result either (...)
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  5.  50
    Attitudinal Analyses of Toleration and Respect and the Problem of Institutional Applicability.Sune Lægaard - 2015 - European Journal of Philosophy 23 (4):1064-1081.
    Toleration and respect are types of relations between different agents. The standard analyses of toleration and respect are attitudinal; toleration and respect require subjects to have appropriate types of attitudes towards the objects of toleration or respect. The paper investigates whether states can sensibly be described as tolerant or respectful in ways theoretically relevantly similar to the standard analyses. This is a descriptive question about the applicability of concepts rather than a normative question about whether, when and why states should (...)
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  6.  69
    Territorial Rights, Political Association, and Immigration.Sune Lægaard - 2013 - Journal of Moral Philosophy 10 (5):645-670.
  7.  34
    Misplaced Idealism and Incoherent Realism in the Philosophy of the Refugee Crisis.Sune Lægaard - 2016 - Journal of Global Ethics 12 (3):269-278.
    Many contributions to the philosophical debate about conceptual and normative issues raised by the refugee crisis fail to take properly account of the difference between ideal and nonideal theory. This makes several otherwise interesting and apparently plausible contributions to the philosophy of the refugee crisis problematic. They are problematic in the sense that they mix up ideal and nonideal aspirations and assumptions in an incoherent way undermining the proposed views. Two examples of this problem are discussed. The first example is (...)
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  8.  65
    Feasibility and Stability in Normative Political Philosophy: The Case of Liberal Nationalism.Sune Lægaard - 2006 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 9 (4):399-416.
    Arguments from stability for liberal nationalism rely on considerations about conditions for the feasibility or stability of liberal political ideals and factual claims about the circumstances under which these conditions are fulfilled in order to argue for nationalist conclusions. Such reliance on factual claims has been criticised by among others G. A. Cohen in other contexts as ideological reifications of social reality. In order to assess whether arguments from stability within liberal nationalism, especially as formulated by David Miller, are vulnerable (...)
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  9.  18
    The Role of Interpretation of Existing Practice in Normative Political Argument.Sune Lægaard - 2019 - Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 22 (1):87-102.
  10.  25
    Galeotti on Recognition as Inclusion.Sune Lægaard - 2008 - Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 11 (3):291-314.
    Anna Elisabetta Galeotti?s theory of ?toleration as recognition? has been criticised by Peter Jones for being conceptually incoherent, since liberal toleration presupposes a negative attitude to differences, whereas multicultural recognition requires positive affirmation hereof. The paper spells out Galeotti?s justification for recognition as a requirement of liberal justice in detail and asks in what sense the policies supported by Galeotti are policies of recognition. It is argued that Jones misrepresents Galeotti?s theory, insofar as this sense of recognition actually is compatible (...)
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  11.  7
    Laborde’s Religion.Sune Lægaard - 2020 - Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 23 (1):9-20.
  12.  6
    Laborde’s Religion.Sune Lægaard - 2018 - Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy:1-12.
  13.  66
    Recognition and Toleration: Conflicting Approaches to Diversity in Education?Sune Lægaard - 2010 - Educational Philosophy and Theory 42 (1):22-37.
    Recognition and toleration are ways of relating to the diversity characteristic of multicultural societies. The article concerns the possible meanings of toleration and recognition, and the conflict that is often claimed to exist between these two approaches to diversity. Different forms or interpretations of recognition and toleration are considered, confusing and problematic uses of the terms are noted, and the compatibility of toleration and recognition is discussed. The article argues that there is a range of legitimate and importantly different conceptions (...)
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  14.  24
    Toleration Out of Respect?Sune Lægaard - 2013 - Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 16 (4):520-536.
  15. A Multirelational Account of Toleration.Maria Paola Ferretti & Sune Lægaard - 2013 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 30 (3):224-238.
    Toleration classically denotes a relation between two agents that is characterised by three components: objection, power, and acceptance overriding the objection. Against recent claims that classical toleration is not applicable in liberal democracies and that toleration must therefore either be understood purely attitudinally or purely politically, we argue that the components of classical toleration are crucial elements of contemporary cases of minority accommodation. The concept of toleration is applicable to, and is an important element of descriptions of such cases, provided (...)
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  16.  77
    David Miller on Immigration Policy and Nationality.Sune Lægaard - 2007 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 24 (3):283–298.
  17.  19
    Book Review: Equal Recognition: The Moral Foundations of Minority Rights, by Alan Patten. [REVIEW]Sune Lægaard - 2017 - Political Theory 45 (5):734-739.
  18.  36
    Normative Significance of Transnationalism? The Case of the Danish Cartoons Controversy.Sune Lægaard - 2010 - Ethics and Global Politics 3 (2):101-121.
    The paper concerns the specific transnational aspects of the ‘cartoons controversy’ over the publication of 12 drawings of the Prophet Muhammad in the Danish newspaper Jyllands-Posten. Transnationalism denotes the relationships that are not international or domestic. The paper considers whether the specifically transnational aspects of the controversy are normatively significant, that is, whether transnationalism makes a difference for the applicability or strength of normative considerations concerning publications such as the Danish cartoons. It is argued that, although some of the usual (...)
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  19.  5
    Correction To: Contextualism in Normative Political Theory and the Problem of Critical Distance.Sune Lægaard - 2019 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 22 (4):971-971.
    The original version of this article unfortunately contained an error. In pages 7 and 8, the reference citation “Lægaard 2016: 13-14” must not be included in the quote.
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  20.  5
    Editorial, March 2020.Clare Chambers, Philip Cook & Sune Lægaard - 2020 - Res Publica 26 (2):155-156.
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  21.  7
    Accommodating Toleration: On Balint’s Classical Liberal Response to the Multiculturalism Challenge.Sune Lægaard - 2020 - Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 23 (2):211-217.
  22.  53
    Burqa Ban, Freedom of Religion and ‘Living Together’.Sune Lægaard - 2015 - Human Rights Review 16 (3):203-219.
    In the summer of 2014, the European Court of Human Rights ruled that the French 2010 law banning face-covering clothing in public spaces, the so-called burqa ban, did not violate the right to freedom of religion. Due to the ‘wide margin of appreciation’, the Court deemed the ban proportionate to the French state’s legitimate aim with the ban of preserving the conditions of ‘living together’. The paper analyses and provides an internal criticism of the Court’s justification for this judgement focusing (...)
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  23.  12
    Liberal Nationalism, Citizenship and Integration.Sune Lægaard - 2008 - International Journal of Ethics 6 (2-3):195-214.
  24.  12
    Naturalisation, Desert, and the Symbolic Meaning of Citizenship.Sune Lægaard - 2012 - In Eva Erman & Ludvig Beckman (eds.), Territories of Citizenship. Palgrave-Macmillan. pp. 40.
  25.  12
    Secular Religious Establishment: A Framework For Discussing The Compatibility Of Institutional Religious Establishment With Political Secularism.Sune Lægaard - 2013 - Philosophy and Public Issues - Filosofia E Questioni Pubbliche 3 (2).
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  26.  9
    Cosmopolitan Democratic and Communicative Rights: The Danish Cartoons Controversy and the Right to Be Heard, Even Across Borders.Alexander Brown & Sune Lægaard - 2021 - Human Rights Review 22 (1):23-43.
    During the Danish cartoons controversy in 2005–2006, a group of ambassadors to Denmark representing eleven predominantly Muslim countries requested a meeting with the Danish Prime Minister, Anders Fogh Rasmussen, to protest against the cartoons. Rasmussen interpreted their viewpoint as one of demanding limits to freedom of speech and he ignored their request for a meeting. Drawing on this case study, the article argues that it is an appropriate, and potentially effective, moral criticism of anyone who is in a position of (...)
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  27.  6
    Refugees and Minorities: Some Conceptual and Normative Issues.Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen & Sune Lægaard - 2020 - Ethics and Global Politics 13 (1):79-92.
  28.  10
    Ethnocentric political theory, secularism and multiculturalism.Tariq Modood, Rainer Bauböck, Joseph H. Carens, Sune Lægaard, Gurpreet Mahajan & Bhikhu Parekh - 2021 - Contemporary Political Theory 20 (2):447-479.
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  29.  35
    Introduction: Compromising on Justice.Fabian Wendt - 2013 - Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 16 (4):475-480.
    Introductory text for the CRISPP-special issue and Routledge-book on "Compromising on Justice". Also includes a summary of the articles by Steven Wall, Robert B. Talisse, Sune Lægaard, Daniel Weinstock, Enzo Rossi and Fabian Wendt.
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  30.  11
    Disaggregating Corporate Freedom of Religion. Lægaard - 2015 - Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy 44 (3):221-230.
  31. Religious Neutrality, Toleration and Recognition in Moderate Secular States: The Case of Denmark.Sune Laegaard - 2011 - Les ateliers de l'éthique/The Ethics Forum 6 (2):85-106.
    This paper provides a theoretical discussion with point of departure in the case of Denmark of some of the theoretical issues concerning the relation liberal states may have to religion in general and religious minorities in particular. Liberal political philosophy has long taken for granted that liberal states have to be religiously neutral. The paper asks what a liberal state is with respect to religion and religious minorities if it is not a strictly religiously neutral state with full separation of (...)
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  32.  20
    Closer to Nature? A Critical Discussion of the Marketing of “Ethical” Animal Products.Sune Borkfelt, Sara Kondrup, Helena Röcklinsberg, Kristian Bjørkdahl & Mickey Gjerris - 2015 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 28 (6):1053-1073.
    As public awareness of environmental issues and animal welfare has risen, catering to public concerns and views on these issues has become a potentially profitable strategy for marketing a number of product types, of which animal products such as dairy and meat are obvious examples. Our analysis suggests that specific marketing instruments are used to sell animal products by blurring the difference between the paradigms of animal welfare used by producers, and the paradigms of animal welfare as perceived by the (...)
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  33.  13
    Non-Boolean Classical Relevant Logics I.Tore Fjetland Øgaard - 2019 - Synthese (8):1-32.
    Relevant logics have traditionally been viewed as paraconsistent. This paper shows that this view of relevant logics is wrong. It does so by showing forth a logic which extends classical logic, yet satisfies the Entailment Theorem as well as the variable sharing property. In addition it has the same S4-type modal feature as the original relevant logic E as well as the same enthymematical deduction theorem. The variable sharing property was only ever regarded as a necessary property for a logic (...)
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  34. Real Patterns and Indispensability.Abel Suñé & Manolo Martínez - forthcoming - Synthese 198 (5):4315-4330.
    While scientific inquiry crucially relies on the extraction of patterns from data, we still have a far from perfect understanding of the metaphysics of patterns—and, in particular, of what makes a pattern real. In this paper we derive a criterion of real-patternhood from the notion of conditional Kolmogorov complexity. The resulting account belongs to the philosophical tradition, initiated by Dennett :27–51, 1991), that links real-patternhood to data compressibility, but is simpler and formally more perspicuous than other proposals previously defended in (...)
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  35.  12
    Boolean Negation and Non-Conservativity III: The Ackermann Constant.Tore Fjetland Øgaard - 2021 - Logic Journal of the IGPL 29 (3):370-384.
    It is known that many relevant logics can be conservatively extended by the truth constant known as the Ackermann constant. It is also known that many relevant logics can be conservatively extended by Boolean negation. This essay, however, shows that a range of relevant logics with the Ackermann constant cannot be conservatively extended by a Boolean negation.
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  36.  18
    The Problem of Phantom Functions.Sune Holm - 2017 - Erkenntnis 82 (1):233-241.
    This paper discusses a recent solution to the problem of artifact phantom functions by Beth Preston. A phantom function is a function associated with a kind of artifact that it is structurally incapable of performing. Preston proposes a criterion of artifact proper function according to which phantom functions can be proper functions. This paper argues that Preston’s criterion cannot ground the teleological and normative aspects definitive of proper functions and that the proposed criterion is not consistent with Preston’s account of (...)
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  37. Toward a Queer Ecofeminism.Greta Gaard - 1997 - Hypatia 12 (1):114-137.
    Although many ecofeminists acknowledge heterosexism as a problem, a systematic exploration of the potential intersections of ecofeminist and queer theories has yet to be made. By interrogating social constructions of the "natural," the various uses of Christianity as a logic of domination, and the rhetoric of colonialism, this essay finds those theoretical intersections and argues for the importance of developing a queer ecofeminism.
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  38.  33
    Teleology and Biocentrism.Sune Holm - 2017 - Synthese 194 (4).
    In this paper I examine the connection between accounts of biological teleology and the biocentrist claim that all living beings have a good of their own. I first present the background for biocentrists’ appeal to biological teleology. Then I raise a problem of scope for teleology-based biocentrism and, drawing in part on recent work by Basl and Sandler, I discuss Taylor and Varner’s responses to this problem. I then challenge Basl and Sandler’s own response to the scope problem for its (...)
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  39.  18
    Boolean Negation and Non-Conservativity I: Relevant Modal Logics.Tore Fjetland Øgaard - 2021 - Logic Journal of the IGPL 29 (3):340-362.
    Many relevant logics can be conservatively extended by Boolean negation. Mares showed, however, that E is a notable exception. Mares’ proof is by and large a rather involved model-theoretic one. This paper presents a much easier proof-theoretic proof which not only covers E but also generalizes so as to also cover relevant logics with a primitive modal operator added. It is shown that from even very weak relevant logics augmented by a weak K-ish modal operator, and up to the strong (...)
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  40.  11
    Boolean Negation and Non-Conservativity II: The Variable-Sharing Property.Tore Fjetland Øgaard - 2021 - Logic Journal of the IGPL 29 (3):363-369.
    Many relevant logics are conservatively extended by Boolean negation. Not all, however. This paper shows an acute form of non-conservativeness, namely that the Boolean-free fragment of the Boolean extension of a relevant logic need not always satisfy the variable-sharing property. In fact, it is shown that such an extension can in fact yield classical logic. For a vast range of relevant logic, however, it is shown that the variable-sharing property, restricted to the Boolean-free fragment, still holds for the Boolean extended (...)
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  41.  35
    The Luckless and the Doomed. Contractualism on Justified Risk-Imposition.Sune Holm - 2018 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 21 (2):231-244.
    Several authors have argued that contractualism faces a dilemma when it comes to justifying risks generated by socially valuable activities. At the heart of the matter is the question of whether contractualists should adopt an ex post or an ex ante perspective when assessing whether an action or policy is justifiable to each person. In this paper I argue for the modest conclusion that ex post contractualism is a live option notwithstanding recent criticisms raised by proponents of the ex ante (...)
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  42.  17
    Tools for a Cross-Cultural Feminist Ethics: Exploring Ethical Contexts and Contents in the Makah Whale Hunt.Greta Gaard - 2001 - Hypatia 16 (1):1-26.
    Antiracist white feminists and ecofeminists have the tools but lack the strategies for responding to issues of social and environmental justice cross-culturally, particularly in matters as complex as the Makah whale hunt. Distinguishing between ethical contexts and contents, I draw on feminist critiques of cultural essentialism, ecofeminist critiques of hunting and food consumption, and socialist feminist analyses of colonialism to develop antiracist feminist and ecofeminist strategies for cross-cultural communication and cross-cultural feminist ethics.
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  43. II—L. A. Paul: Categorical Priority and Categorical Collapse.L. A. Paul - 2013 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 87 (1):89-113.
    I explore some of the ways that assumptions about the nature of substance shape metaphysical debates about the structure of Reality. Assumptions about the priority of substance play a role in an argument for monism, are embedded in certain pluralist metaphysical treatments of laws of nature, and are central to discussions of substantivalism and relationalism. I will then argue that we should reject such assumptions and collapse the categorical distinction between substance and property.
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  44. Paths to Triviality.Tore Øgaard - 2016 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 45 (3):237-276.
    This paper presents a range of new triviality proofs pertaining to naïve truth theory formulated in paraconsistent relevant logics. It is shown that excluded middle together with various permutation principles such as A → (B → C)⊩B → (A → C) trivialize naïve truth theory. The paper also provides some new triviality proofs which utilize the axioms ((A → B)∧ (B → C)) → (A → C) and (A → ¬A) → ¬A, the fusion connective and the Ackermann constant. An (...)
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  45.  62
    A Right Against Risk-Imposition and the Problem of Paralysis.Sune Holm - 2016 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 19 (4):917-930.
    In this paper I examine the prospects for a rights-based approach to the morality of pure risk-imposition. In particular, I discuss a practical challenge to proponents of the thesis that we have a right against being imposed a risk of harm. According to an influential criticism, a right against risk-imposition will rule out all ordinary activities. The paper examines two strategies that rights theorists may follow in response to this “Paralysis Problem”. The first strategy introduces a threshold for when a (...)
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  46.  20
    Skolem Functions in Non-Classical Logics.Tore Fjetland Øgaard - 2017 - Australasian Journal of Logic 14 (1):181-225.
    This paper shows how to conservatively extend theories formulated in non-classical logics such as the Logic of Paradox, the Strong Kleene Logic and relevant logics with Skolem functions. Translations to and from the language extended by Skolem functions into the original one are presented and shown to preserve derivability. It is also shown that one may not always substitute s=f(t) and A(t, s) even though A determines the extension of a function and f is a Skolem function for A.
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  47.  38
    Biological Interests, Normative Functions, and Synthetic Biology.Sune Holm - 2012 - Philosophy and Technology 25 (4):525-541.
    In this paper, I discuss the aetiological account of biological interests, developed by Varner, in the context of artefactual organisms envisioned by current research in synthetic biology. In “Sections 2–5”, I present Varner's theory and criticise it for being incapable of ascribing non-derivative interests to artefactual organisms due to their lack of a history of natural selection. In “Sections 6–7”, I develop a new alternative to Varner's account, building on the organisational theory of biological teleology and function. I argue that (...)
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  48.  41
    Disease, Dysfunction, and Synthetic Biology.Sune Holm - 2014 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 39 (4):329-345.
    Theorists analyzing the concept of disease on the basis of the notion of dysfunction consider disease to be dysfunction requiring. More specifically, dysfunction-requiring theories of disease claim that for an individual to be diseased certain biological facts about it must be the case. Disease is not wholly a matter of evaluative attitudes. In this paper, I consider the dysfunction-requiring component of Wakefield’s hybrid account of disease in light of the artifactual organisms envisioned by current research in synthetic biology. In particular, (...)
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  49.  24
    Recognition and Toleration: Conflicting Approaches to Diversity in Education?Sune Laegaard - 2010 - Educational Philosophy and Theory 42 (1):22-37.
  50.  17
    Coordination in Language: Temporality and Time-Ranging.Stephen J. Cowley & Sune Vork Steffensen - 2015 - Interaction Studies: Social Behaviour and Communication in Biological and Artificial Systems 16 (3):474-494.
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