Results for 'Survey'

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  1. Lifting the Veil of Morality: Choice Blindness and Attitude Reversals on a Self-Transforming Survey.Lars Hall, Petter Johansson & Thomas Strandberg - 2012 - PLoS ONE 7 (9):e45457. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.
    Every day, thousands of polls, surveys, and rating scales are employed to elicit the attitudes of humankind. Given the ubiquitous use of these instruments, it seems we ought to have firm answers to what is measured by them, but unfortunately we do not. To help remedy this situation, we present a novel approach to investigate the nature of attitudes. We created a self-transforming paper survey of moral opinions, covering both foundational principles, and current dilemmas hotly debated in the media. (...)
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  2.  17
    Relationships Between the Survey of Organizational Research Climate (SORC) and Self-Reported Research Practices.A. Lauren Crain, Brian C. Martinson & Carol R. Thrush - 2013 - Science and Engineering Ethics 19 (3):835-850.
    The Survey of Organizational Research Climate (SORC) is a validated tool to facilitate promotion of research integrity and research best practices. This work uses the SORC to assess shared and individual perceptions of the research climate in universities and academic departments and relate these perceptions to desirable and undesirable research practices. An anonymous web- and mail-based survey was administered to randomly selected biomedical and social science faculty and postdoctoral fellows in the United States. Respondents reported their perceptions of (...)
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  3.  13
    Development and Validation of the Survey of Organizational Research Climate (SORC).C. Martinson Brian, R. Thrush Carol & A. Lauren Crain - 2013 - Science and Engineering Ethics 19 (3):813-834.
    Development and targeting efforts by academic organizations to effectively promote research integrity can be enhanced if they are able to collect reliable data to benchmark baseline conditions, to assess areas needing improvement, and to subsequently assess the impact of specific initiatives. To date, no standardized and validated tool has existed to serve this need. A web- and mail-based survey was administered in the second half of 2009 to 2,837 randomly selected biomedical and social science faculty and postdoctoral fellows at (...)
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  4.  45
    Ethics in Neuroscience Curricula: A Survey of Australia, Canada, Germany, the UK, and the US.Gerald Walther - 2013 - Neuroethics 6 (2):343-351.
    This paper analyses ethical training in neuroscience curricula at universities in Australia, Canada, Germany, the United States and the United Kingdom. The main findings are that 52 % of all courses have ethical training available, while in 82 % of those cases, the training is mandatory. In terms of specific contents of the teaching, ethical issues about ‘animal subjects and human participation in research’, ‘scientific misconduct’, and ‘treatment of data’ were the most prominent. A special emphasis during the research was (...)
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  5.  24
    Demand-Driven Care and Hospital Choice. Dutch Health Policy Toward Demand-Driven Care: Results From a Survey Into Hospital Choice. [REVIEW]Christiaan J. Lako & Pauline Rosenau - 2009 - Health Care Analysis 17 (1):20-35.
    In the Netherlands, current policy opinion emphasizes demand-driven health care. Central to this model is the view, advocated by some Dutch health policy makers, that patients should be encouraged to be aware of and make use of health quality and health outcomes information in making personal health care provider choices. The success of the new health care system in the Netherlands is premised on this being the case. After a literature review and description of the new Dutch health care system, (...)
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  6.  25
    Philosophy of Science in Germany, 1992–2012: Survey-Based Overview and Quantitative Analysis.Matthias Unterhuber, Alexander Gebharter & Gerhard Schurz - 2014 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 45 (1):71-160.
    An overview of the German philosophy of science community is given for the years 1992–2012, based on a survey in which 159 philosophers of science in Germany participated. To this end, the institutional background of the German philosophy of science community is examined in terms of journals, centers, and associations. Furthermore, a qualitative description and a quantitative analysis of our survey results are presented. Quantitative estimates are given for: (a) academic positions, (b) research foci, (c) philosophers’ of science (...)
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  7.  6
    Survey on the Experience in Ethical Decision-Making and Attitude of Pleven University Hospital Physicians Towards Ethics Consultation.Silviya Aleksandrova - 2008 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 11 (1):35-42.
    BackgroundContemporary medical practice is complicated by many dilemmas requiring ethical sensitivity and moral reasoning.ObjectiveTo investigate physicians’ experience in ethical decision-making and their attitude towards ethics consultation.MethodsIn a cross-sectional survey 126 physicians representing the main clinics of Pleven University hospital were investigated by a self-administered questionnaire. The following variables were measured: occurrence, nature and ways of resolving ethical problems; physicians’ attitudes towards ethics consultation; physicians’ opinions on qualities and skills of an ethics consultant, and socio-demographic characteristics. Data analysis included descriptive (...)
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  8.  21
    Implementing a Clinical Ethics Needs Assessment Survey: Results of a Pilot Study (Part 2 of 2). [REVIEW]Andrea Frolic, Sandra Andreychuk, Wendy Seidlitz, Angela Djuric-Paulin, Barb Flaherty, Barb Jennings & Donna Peace - 2013 - HEC Forum 25 (1):61-78.
    This paper details the implementation of the Clinical Ethics Needs Assessment Survey (CENAS) through a pilot study in five units within Hamilton Health Sciences. We describe how these pilot sites were selected, how we implemented the survey, the significant results and our interpretation of the findings. The primary goal of this paper is to share our experiences using this tool, specifically the challenges we encountered conducting a staff ethics needs assessment across different units in a large teaching hospital, (...)
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  9.  14
    From Reactive to Proactive: Developing a Valid Clinical Ethics Needs Assessment Survey to Support Ethics Program Strategic Planning (Part 1 of 2). [REVIEW]Andrea Frolic, Barb Jennings, Wendy Seidlitz, Sandy Andreychuk, Angela Djuric-Paulin, Barb Flaherty & Donna Peace - 2013 - HEC Forum 25 (1):47-60.
    As ethics committees and programs become integrated into the “usual business” of healthcare organizations, they are likely to face the predicament of responding to greater demands for service and higher expectations, without an influx of additional resources. This situation demands that ethics committees and programs allocate their scarce resources (including their time, skills and funds) strategically, rather than lurching from one ad hoc request to another; finding ways to maximize the effectiveness, efficiency, impact and quality of ethics services is essential (...)
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  10.  11
    Human-Nonhuman Animal Relationships in Australia: An Overview of Results From the First National Survey and Follow-Up Case Studies 2000-2004.A. S. Franklin - 2007 - Society and Animals 15 (1):7-27.
    This paper provides an overview of results from an Australian Research Council-funded project "Sentiments and Risks: The Changing Nature of Human-Animal Relations in Australia." The data discussed come from a survey of 2000 representative Australians at the capital city, state, and rural regional level. It provides both a snapshot of the state of involvement of Australians with nonhuman animals and their views on critical issues: ethics, rights, animals as food, risk from animals, native versus introduced animals, hunting, fishing, and (...)
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  11.  9
    Reasons for Reason-Giving in a Public-Opinion Survey.Martha S. Cheng & Barbara Johnstone - 2002 - Argumentation 16 (4):401-420.
    This paper explores why respondents to a telephone public-opinion survey often give reasons for answering as they do, even though reason-giving is neither required nor encouraged and it is difficult to see the reasons as attempts to deal with disagreement. We find that respondents give reasons for the policy claims they make in their answers three times as frequently as they give reasons for value or factual claims, that their reasons tend to involve appeals to personal experience, and that (...)
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  12.  6
    From Survey to Ecology: The Role of the British Vegetation Committee, 1904-1913. [REVIEW]Kaat Schulte Fischedick - 2000 - Journal of the History of Biology 33 (2):291 - 314.
    This article focuses on early British vegetation science, in particular on the British Vegetation Committee. In earlier histories of (plant) ecology, the period of the Committee's life, 1904-1913, renowned for its surveys and its maps, was depicted as a brief prelude to British plant ecology. This article traces the course of "survey" and "ecology" within the Committee, demonstrating that survey and ecology were both distinct and intertwined within the Committee. The Committee adhered to two lines of research, one (...)
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  13.  13
    Switching Health Insurance Plans: Results From a Health Survey[REVIEW]Christiaan J. Lako, Pauline Rosenau & Chris Daw - 2011 - Health Care Analysis 19 (4):312-328.
    The study is designed to provide an informal summary of what is known about consumer switching of health insurance plans and to contribute to knowledge about what motivates consumers who choose to switch health plans. Do consumers switch plans largely on the basis of critical reflection and assessment of information about the quality, and price? The literature suggests that switching is complicated, not always possible, and often overwhelming to consumers. Price does not always determine choice. Quality is very hard for (...)
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  14.  8
    Security Assessment of Teachers' Right to Healthy and Safe Working Environment: Data from a Mass Written Survey (article in Lithuanian).Gediminas Merkys, Algimantas Urmonas & Daiva Bubelienė - 2011 - Jurisprudencija: Mokslo darbu žurnalas 18 (2):575-594.
    This paper presents the results of an empirical study that reflects monitoring and evaluation of the implementation of some legal acts on the labour of the Republic of Lithuania. The analysis of legal documents at the national and international level is provided. A review of cognate studies conducted by foreign and Lithuanian researchers is presented and the professional situation of a Lithuanian teacher from the employee rights perspective is highlighted. The professional activities contexts and sectors, wherein systematic violations of teachers’ (...)
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  15.  15
    Validation of a Bayesian Belief Network Representation for Posterior Probability Calculations on National Crime Victimization Survey.Michael Riesen & Gursel Serpen - 2008 - Artificial Intelligence and Law 16 (3):245-276.
    This paper presents an effort to induce a Bayesian belief network (BBN) from crime data, namely the national crime victimization survey (NCVS). This BBN defines a joint probability distribution over a set of variables that were employed to record a set of crime incidents, with particular focus on characteristics of the victim. The goals are to generate a BBN to capture how characteristics of crime incidents are related to one another, and to make this information available to domain specialists. (...)
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  16.  29
    Ethics Consultation in United States Hospitals: A National Survey.Ellen Fox, Sarah Myers & Robert A. Pearlman - 2007 - American Journal of Bioethics 7 (2):13 – 25.
    Context: Although ethics consultation is commonplace in United States (U.S.) hospitals, descriptive data about this health service are lacking. Objective: To describe the prevalence, practitioners, and processes of ethics consultation in U.S. hospitals. Design: A 56-item phone or questionnaire survey of the "best informant" within each hospital. Participants: Random sample of 600 U.S. general hospitals, stratified by bed size. Results: The response rate was 87.4%. Ethics consultation services (ECSs) were found in 81% of all general hospitals in the U.S., (...)
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  17.  22
    Effects of Training in the Responsible Conduct of Research: A Survey of Graduate Students in Experimental Sciences. [REVIEW]Michael Kalichman & Sarah Brown - 1998 - Science and Engineering Ethics 4 (4):487-498.
    In recent years, programs for training in research ethics have become widespread, but very little has been done to assess the effectiveness of this training. Because initial studies have failed to demonstrate a positive impact of research ethics training, this project defined two new outcome variables to be tested in a sample of graduate students at the University of California, San Diego. Trainees were surveyed to assess the role of ethics training in altering their perceptions about their own standards, or (...)
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  18. Survey-Driven Romanticism.Simon Cullen - 2010 - Review of Philosophy and Psychology 1 (2):275-296.
    Despite well-established results in survey methodology, many experimental philosophers have not asked whether and in what way conclusions about folk intuitions follow from people’s responses to their surveys. Rather, they appear to have proceeded on the assumption that intuitions can be simply read off from survey responses. Survey research, however, is fraught with difficulties. I review some of the relevant literature—particularly focusing on the conversational pragmatic aspects of survey research—and consider its application to common experimental philosophy (...)
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  19.  14
    Attitudes on Euthanasia, Physician-Assisted Suicide and Terminal Sedation--A Survey of the Members of the German Association for Palliative Medicine.H. C. Müller-Busch, Fuat S. Oduncu, Susanne Woskanjan & Eberhard Klaschik - 2005 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 7 (3):333-339.
  20.  6
    Registered Nurses' Application of Evidence‐Based Practice: A National Survey.Anne‐Marie Boström, Anna Ehrenberg, J. Petter Gustavsson & Lars Wallin - 2009 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 15 (6):1159-1163.
  21.  19
    The Relative Effectiveness of Practice Change Interventions in Overcoming Common Barriers to Change: A Survey of 14 Hospitals with Experience Implementing Evidence‐Based Guidelines.Fiona Simpson & Gordon S. Doig - 2007 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 13 (5):709-715.
  22.  10
    Evaluation of the Evidence‐Based Practice Attitude and Utilization SurvEy for Complementary and Alternative Medicine Practitioners.Matthew J. Leach & David Gillham - 2008 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 14 (5):792-798.
  23. Including Early Modern Women Writers in Survey Courses: A Call to Action.Jessica Gordon-Roth & Nancy Kendrick - forthcoming - Metaphilosophy 46 (3).
    There are many reasons to include texts written by women in early modern philosophy courses. The most obvious one is accuracy: Women helped to shape the philosophical landscape of the time. Thus to craft a syllabus that wholly excludes women is to give students an inaccurate picture of the early modern period. Since it seems safe to assume that we all aim for accuracy, this should be reason enough to include women writers in our courses. We nonetheless offer an additional (...)
     
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  24.  21
    Public Perceptions of Nanotechnology: A Survey in the Mega Cities of Iran.Mehdi Rahimpour, Mahmoud Rahimpour, Hosna Gomari, Elham Shirvani, Amin Niroumanesh, Kamelia Saremi & Soroush Sardari - 2012 - NanoEthics 6 (2):119-126.
    In this paper, the public view of nanotechnology and its applications in medicine, agriculture and industry is evaluated in the mega cities of Iran. Data from 683 individuals in public places provided the first civic perception of nanotechnology in Iran. Quantitative statistical analysis on positive or negative points of view demonstrated that Iranian people had general positive opinions on nanotechnology and its application in medicine. They believed that nanomedicine can significantly improve the current methods used in disease treatments, especially for (...)
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  25.  10
    A Survey of the Practice of Stroke Doctors in Developing Transient Ischaemic Attack Services in the UK.Paula Beech, Joanne Greenhalgh, Maria Thornton & Pippa Tyrrell - 2007 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 13 (3):395-399.
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    Impact of Gender and Professional Education on Attitudes Towards Financial Incentives for Organ Donation: Results of a Survey Among 755 Students of Medicine and Economics in Germany.Julia Inthorn, Sabine Wöhlke, Fabian Schmidt & Silke Schicktanz - 2014 - BMC Medical Ethics 15 (1):56.
    There is an ongoing expert debate with regard to financial incentives in order to increase organ supply. However, there is a lacuna of empirical studies on whether citizens would actually support financial incentives for organ donation.
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    Including Early Modern Women Writers in Survey Courses.Jessica Gordon‐Roth & Nancy Kendrick - 2015 - Metaphilosophy 46 (3):364-379.
    There are many reasons to include texts written by women in early modern philosophy courses. The most obvious one is accuracy: women helped to shape the philosophical landscape of the time. Thus, to craft a syllabus that wholly excludes women is to give students an inaccurate picture of the early modern period. Since it seems safe to assume that we all aim for accuracy, this should be reason enough to include women writers in our courses. This article nonetheless offers an (...)
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    Chaperone Policy in Accident and Emergency Departments: A National Survey.Sofronis Loizides, Andreas Kallis, Ashwini Oswal, Panayiotis Georgiou, George Kallis & Manolis Gavalas - 2010 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 16 (1):107-110.
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  29.  6
    Medical Specialists' Views on the Impact of Reducing Alcohol Consumption on Prognosis of, and Risk of, Hospital Admission Due to Specific Medical Conditions: Results From a Delphi Survey.Noreen D. Mdege, Duncan Raistrick & Graham Johnson - 2014 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 20 (1):100-110.
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    International Practices in the Provision of Teratology Information: A Survey of International Teratogen Information Programmes and Comparisons with the North American Model.Rebecca L. Hancock, Wendy J. Ungar, Adrienne Einarson & Gideon Koren - 2010 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 16 (5):957-963.
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    Research Letter: Screening for Diabetic Retinopathy: A Survey of Health Authorities During a Period of Transition.John R. Thompson, Gill M. Grimshaw, Andrew D. Wilson & Richard Baker - 1999 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 5 (1):81-85.
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    HEC Consortium Survey: Current Perspectives of Physicians and Nurses. [REVIEW]Holly A. Stadler, John M. Morrissey, Brian Williams-Rice, Joycelyn E. Tucker, Julie A. Paige, Jo E. McWilliams & Denise Kay - 1994 - HEC Forum 6 (5):269-289.
    At the request of the Midwest Bioethics Center (MBC), we surveyed nurses' and physicians' attitudes and needs regarding Hospital Ethics Committees (HECs). The primary objective of this research project was to inform the practices and policies of the Ethics Committee Consortium of the Bioethics Center.Four thousand eight hundred and twenty-nine surveys were distributed to the medical and nursing staff of eight Kansas City metropolitan area hospitals. One thousand and fifty-five surveys were returned, representing a response rate of 21%.
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  33.  6
    Patient Preference for Falls Prevention in Hospitals Revealed Through Willingness‐to‐Pay, Contingent Valuation Survey.Terry P. Haines & Steven McPhail - 2011 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 17 (2):304-310.
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    The Ethics of Animal Research: A Survey of Pediatric Health Care Workers.Ari R. Joffe, Meredith Bara, Natalie Anton & Nathan Nobis - 2014 - Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 9 (1):20.
    Pediatric health care workers often perform, promote, and advocate use of public funds for animal research . We aim to determine whether HCW consider common arguments in support of AR convincing.
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    Comparison of Short Form‐36 Health Survey and Nottingham Health Profile in Moderate to Severe Patients with COPD.Sevgi Ozalevli, Hayriye Karaali, Feyzan Cankurtaran, Oguz Kilinc & Atilla Akkoclu - 2008 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 14 (4):493-499.
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  36. A Survey of Metaphysics.E. J. Lowe - 2002 - Oxford University Press.
    A systematic overview of modern metaphysics, A Survey of Metaphysics covers all of the most important topics in the field. It adopts the fairly traditional conception of metaphysics as a subject that deals with the deepest questions that can be raised concerning the fundamental structure of reality as a whole. The book is divided into six main sections that address the following themes: identity and change, necessity and essence, causation, agency and events, space and time, and universals and particulars. (...)
     
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  37.  44
    Ethical Codes of Conduct in Irish Companies: A Survey of Code Content and Enforcement Procedures.O’Dwyer Brendan & Madden Grainne - 2005 - Journal of Business Ethics 63 (3):217-236.
    This paper reports on an investigation of issues surrounding the use of ethical codes/codes of conduct in Irish based companies. Using a comprehensive questionnaire survey, the paper examines the incidence, content and enforcement of codes of conduct among a sample of the top 1000 companies based in Ireland. The main findings indicate that the overall usage of codes of conduct amongst indigenous Irish companies has increased significantly from 1995 to 2000. However, in line with prior research, these codes focus (...)
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  38. Scientists Still Behaving Badly? A Survey Within Industry and Universities.Simon Godecharle, Steffen Fieuws, Ben Nemery & Kris Dierickx - forthcoming - Science and Engineering Ethics:1-21.
    Little is known about research misconduct within industry and how it compares to universities, even though a lot of biomedical research is performed by–or in collaboration with–commercial entities. Therefore, we sent an e-mail invitation to participate in an anonymous computer-based survey to all university researchers having received a biomedical research grant or scholarship from one of the two national academic research funders of Belgium between 2010 and 2014, and to researchers working in large biomedical companies or spin-offs in Belgium. (...)
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  39.  35
    The Asilomar Survey: Stakeholders' Opinions on Ethical Issues Related to Brain-Computer Interfacing. [REVIEW]Femke Nijboer, Jens Clausen, Brendan Z. Allison & Pim Haselager - 2013 - Neuroethics 6 (3):541-578.
    Brain-Computer Interface (BCI) research and (future) applications raise important ethical issues that need to be addressed to promote societal acceptance and adequate policies. Here we report on a survey we conducted among 145 BCI researchers at the 4th International BCI conference, which took place in May–June 2010 in Asilomar, California. We assessed respondents’ opinions about a number of topics. First, we investigated preferences for terminology and definitions relating to BCIs. Second, we assessed respondents’ expectations on the marketability of different (...)
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  40. Ontological Dependence: An Opinionated Survey.Kathrin Koslicki - 2013 - In Benjamin Schnieder, Miguel Hoeltje & Alex Steinberg (eds.), Varieties of Dependence: Ontological Dependence, Grounding, Supervenience, Response-Dependence (Basic Philosophical Concepts). Philosophia Verlag. pp. 31-64.
    This essay provides an opinionated survey of some recent developments in the literature on ontological dependence. Some of the most popular definitions of ontological dependence are formulated in modal terms; others in non-modal terms (e.g., in terms of the explanatory connective, ‘because’, or in terms of a non-modal conception of essence); some (viz., the existential construals of ontological dependence) emphasise requirements that must be met in order for an entity to exist; others (viz., the essentialist construals) focus on conditions (...)
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  41.  10
    Development of Clinical Ethics Services in the UK: A National Survey.A. M. Slowther, L. McClimans & C. Price - 2012 - Journal of Medical Ethics 38 (4):210-214.
    Background In 2001 a report on the provision of clinical ethics support in UK healthcare institutions identified 20 clinical ethics committees. Since then there has been no systematic evaluation or documentation of their work at a national level. Recent national surveys of clinical ethics services in other countries have identified wide variation in practice and scope of activities. Objective To describe the current provision of ethics support in the UK and its development since 2001. Method A postal/electronic questionnaire survey (...)
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  42.  24
    Discounting for Public Policy: A Survey.Hilary Greaves - 2017 - Economics and Philosophy (3):391-439.
    This article is a critical survey of the debate over the value of the social discount rate, with a particular focus on climate change. The ma- jority of the material surveyed is from the economics rather than from the philosophy literature, but the emphasis of the survey itself is on founda- tions in ethical and other normative theory rather than highly technical details. I begin by locating the standard approach to discounting within the overall landscape of ethical theory, (...)
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  43. Biomedical Imaging Ontologies: A Survey and Proposal for Future Work.Barry Smith, Sivaram Arabandi, Mathias Brochhausen, Michael Calhoun, Paolo Ciccarese, Scott Doyle, Bernard Gibaud, Ilya Goldberg, Charles E. Kahn Jr, James Overton, John Tomaszewski & Metin Gurcan - 2015 - Journal of Pathology Informatics 6 (37).
    Ontology is one strategy for promoting interoperability of heterogeneous data through consistent tagging. An ontology is a controlled structured vocabulary consisting of general terms (such as “cell” or “image” or “tissue” or “microscope”) that form the basis for such tagging. These terms are designed to represent the types of entities in the domain of reality that the ontology has been devised to capture; the terms are provided with logical defi nitions thereby also supporting reasoning over the tagged data. Aim: This (...)
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  44. A Survey of Ranking Theory.Wolfgang Spohn - 2009 - In Franz Huber & Christoph Schmidt-Petri (eds.), Degrees of Belief. Springer.
    "A Survey of Ranking Theory": The paper gives an up-to-date survey of ranking theory. It carefully explains the basics. It elaborates on the ranking theoretic explication of reasons and their balance. It explains the dynamics of belief statable in ranking terms and indicates how the ranks can thereby be measured. It suggests how the theory of Bayesian nets can be carried over to ranking theory. It indicates what it might mean to objectify ranks. It discusses the formal and (...)
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  45.  8
    Conscientious Objection in Medical Students: A Questionnaire Survey.S. L. Strickland - 2012 - Journal of Medical Ethics 38 (1):22-25.
    Objective To explore attitudes towards conscientious objections among medical students in the UK. Methods Medical students at St George's University of London, Cardiff University, King's College London and Leeds University were emailed a link to an anonymous online questionnaire, hosted by an online survey company. The questionnaire contained nine questions. A total of 733 medical students responded. Results Nearly half of the students in this survey stated that they believed in the right of doctors to conscientiously object to (...)
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  46. Childhood IQ of Parents Related to Characteristics of Their Offspring: Linking the Scottish Mental Survey 1932 to the Midspan Family Study.C. L. Hart, I. J. Deary, Smith G. Davey, M. N. Upton, L. J. Whalley, J. M. Starr, D. J. Hole, V. Wilson & G. C. M. Watt - 2005 - Journal of Biosocial Science 37 (5):623.
    The objective of the study was to investigate the relationship between childhood IQ of parents and characteristics of their adult offspring. It was a prospective family cohort study linked to a mental ability survey of the parents and set in Renfrew and Paisley in Scotland. Participants were 1921-born men and women who took part in the Scottish Mental Survey in 1932 and the Renfrew/Paisley study in the 1970s, and whose offspring took part in the Midspan Family study in (...)
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  47. Computational Generation of Referring Expressions: A Survey.Emiel Krahmer & Kees van Deemter - unknown
    This article offers a survey of computational research on referring expressions generation (REG). It introduces the REG problem and describes early work in this area, discussing what basic assumptions lie behind it, and showing how its remit has widened in recent years. We discuss computational frameworks underlying REG, and demonstrate a recent trend that seeks to link up REG algorithms with well-established Knowledge Representation traditions. Considerable attention is given to recent efforts at evaluating REG algorithms and the lessons that (...)
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  48.  77
    A Survey of Managers' Perceptions of Corporate Ethics and Social Responsibility and Actions That May Affect Companies' Success.Ron Cacioppe, Nick Forster & Michael Fox - 2008 - Journal of Business Ethics 82 (3):681 - 700.
    This exploratory study examines how managers and professionals regard the ethical and social responsibility reputations of 60 well-known Australian and International companies, and how this in turn influences their attitudes and behaviour towards these organisations. More than 350 MBA, other postgraduate business students, and participants in Australian Institute of Management (Western Australia) management education programmes were surveyed to evaluate how ethical and socially responsible they believed the 60 organisations to be. The survey sought to determine what these participants considered (...)
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  49.  46
    Incentivizing Access and Innovation for Essential Medicines: A Survey of the Problem and Proposed Solutions.Michael Ravvin - 2008 - Public Health Ethics 1 (2):110-123.
    Michael Ravvin, Department of Political Science, Columbia University, 420 W. 118th Street, New York, NY 10027 Email: mer2133{at}columbia.edu ' + u + '@' + d + ' '//--> Abstract The existing intellectual property regime discourages the innovation of, and access to, essential medicines for the poor in developing countries. A successful proposal to reform the existing system must address these challenges of access and innovation. This essay will survey the problems in the existing pharmaceutical patent system and offer critical (...)
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  50.  37
    Company Support for Employee Volunteering: A National Survey of Companies in Canada. [REVIEW]Debra Z. Basil, Mary S. Runte, M. Easwaramoorthy & Cathy Barr - 2009 - Journal of Business Ethics 85 (2):387 - 398.
    Company support for employee volunteerism (CSEV) benefits companies, employees, and society while helping companies meet the expectations of corporate social responsibility (CSR). A nationally representative telephone survey of 990 Canadian companies examined CSEV through the lens of Porter and Kramer's (2006, 'Strategy and society: the link between competitive advantage and corporate social responsibility', Harvard Business Review, 78-92.) CSR model. The results demonstrated that Canadian companies passively support employee volunteerism in a variety of ways, such as allowing employees to take (...)
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