Results for 'Susan A. Berry'

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  1.  12
    Returning a Research Participant's Genomic Results to Relatives: Analysis and Recommendations.Susan M. Wolf, Rebecca Branum, Barbara A. Koenig, Gloria M. Petersen, Susan A. Berry, Laura M. Beskow, Mary B. Daly, Conrad V. Fernandez, Robert C. Green, Bonnie S. LeRoy, Noralane M. Lindor, P. Pearl O'Rourke, Carmen Radecki Breitkopf, Mark A. Rothstein, Brian Van Ness & Benjamin S. Wilfond - 2015 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 43 (3):440-463.
    Genomic research results and incidental findings with health implications for a research participant are of potential interest not only to the participant, but also to the participant's family. Yet investigators lack guidance on return of results to relatives, including after the participant's death. In this paper, a national working group offers consensus analysis and recommendations, including an ethical framework to guide investigators in managing this challenging issue, before and after the participant's death.
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  2.  11
    Pragmatic Tools for Sharing Genomic Research Results with the Relatives of Living and Deceased Research Participants.Susan M. Wolf, Emily Scholtes, Barbara A. Koenig, Gloria M. Petersen, Susan A. Berry, Laura M. Beskow, Mary B. Daly, Conrad V. Fernandez, Robert C. Green, Bonnie S. LeRoy, Noralane M. Lindor, P. Pearl O'Rourke, Carmen Radecki Breitkopf, Mark A. Rothstein, Brian Van Ness & Benjamin S. Wilfond - 2018 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 46 (1):87-109.
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  3. Models of Recognition, Repetition Priming, and Fluency: Exploring a New Framework.Christopher J. Berry, David R. Shanks, Maarten Speekenbrink & Richard N. A. Henson - 2011 - Psychological Review 24.
    We present a new modeling framework for recognition memory and repetition priming based on signal detection theory. We use this framework to specify and test the predictions of 4 models: (a) a single-system (SS) model, in which one continuous memory signal drives recognition and priming; (b) a multiple-systems-1 (MS1) model, in which completely independent memory signals (such as explicit and implicit memory) drive recognition and priming; (c) a multiple-systems-2 (MS2) model, in which there are also 2 memory signals, but some (...)
     
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  4.  68
    A Unitary Signal-Detection Model of Implicit and Explicit Memory.Christopher J. Berry, David R. Shanks & Richard N. A. Henson - 2008 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 12 (10):367-373.
    Do dissociations imply independent systems? In the memory field, the view that there are independent implicit and explicit memory systems has been predominantly supported by dissociation evidence. Here, we argue that many of these dissociations do not necessarily imply distinct memory systems. We review recent work with a single-system computational model that extends signal-detection theory (SDT) to implicit memory. SDT has had a major influence on research in a variety of domains. The current work shows that it can be broadened (...)
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  5. A Randomised Controlled Trial to Compare Opt-in and Opt-Out Parental Consent for Childhood Vaccine Safety Surveillance Using Data Linkage.J. G. Berry, P. Ryan, M. S. Gold, A. J. Braunack-Mayer & K. M. Duszynski - 2012 - Journal of Medical Ethics 38 (10):619-625.
    Introduction No consent for health and medical research is appropriate when the criteria for a waiver of consent are met, yet some ethics committees and data custodians still require informed consent. Methods A single-blind parallel-group randomised controlled trial: 1129 families of children born at a South Australian hospital were sent information explaining data linkage of childhood immunisation and hospital records for vaccine safety surveillance with 4 weeks to opt in or opt out by reply form, telephone or email. A subsequent (...)
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  6.  13
    The Withholding of Truth When Counselling Relatives of the Critically Ill: A Rational Defence.Philip A. Berry - 2008 - Clinical Ethics 3 (1):42-45.
    In cases of sudden, life-threatening illness where the chance of survival appears negligible to the admitting physician, this opinion is not always revealed during the initial meeting with the patient's relatives. Reasons as to why this withholding of the truth may be acceptable are explored through review of available evidence and personal reflection. Factors identified include: the importance of hope in families' coping mechanisms, and the instinct to preserve it; the fallibility of physicians' perception of poor prognosis in the early (...)
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  7.  5
    A Critical Review of Knowledge on Nurses with Problematic Substance Use: The Need to Move From Individual Blame to Awareness of Structural Factors.Charlotte A. Ross, Nicole S. Berry, Victoria Smye & Elliot M. Goldner - 2018 - Nursing Inquiry 25 (2):e12215.
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  8.  15
    Clinical Trialist Perspectives on the Ethics of Adaptive Clinical Trials: A Mixed-Methods Analysis.Laurie J. Legocki, William J. Meurer, Shirley Frederiksen, Roger J. Lewis, Valerie L. Durkalski, Donald A. Berry, William G. Barsan & Michael D. Fetters - 2015 - BMC Medical Ethics 16 (1):27.
    In an adaptive clinical trial , key trial characteristics may be altered during the course of the trial according to predefined rules in response to information that accumulates within the trial itself. In addition to having distinguishing scientific features, adaptive trials also may involve ethical considerations that differ from more traditional randomized trials. Better understanding of clinical trial experts’ views about the ethical aspects of adaptive designs could assist those planning ACTs. Our aim was to elucidate the opinions of clinical (...)
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  9. Models of Recognition, Repetition Priming, and Fluency: Exploring a New Framework.Christopher J. Berry, David R. Shanks, Maarten Speekenbrink & Richard N. A. Henson - 2012 - Psychological Review 119 (1):40-79.
  10.  15
    A Network is a Network is a Network: Reflections on the Computational and the Societies of Control.D. M. Berry & A. R. Galloway - 2016 - Theory, Culture and Society 33 (4):151-172.
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  11.  15
    Evolution of a Non‐Transplant Hepatobiliary Unit.G. Garcea, H. Gallie, C. J. Pattenden, C. D. Sutton, C. P. Neal, A. R. Dennison & D. P. Berry - 2007 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 13 (3):466-469.
  12.  2
    Greek Thinkers: A History of Ancient Philosophy.Wm A. Hammond, Theodor Gomperz & G. G. Berry - 1906 - Philosophical Review 15 (1):83.
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  13.  4
    Stimulus Selection and Meaningfulness Following a Single Opportunity to Rehearse Each Paired Associate.Franklin M. Berry, Donald A. Sherrod & Larry E. Love - 1973 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 1 (3):209-210.
  14.  25
    Contentious Problems in Bioscience and Biotechnology: A Pilot Study of an Approach to Ethics Education.Roberta M. Berry, Jason Borenstein & Robert J. Butera - 2013 - Science and Engineering Ethics 19 (2):653-668.
    This manuscript describes a pilot study in ethics education employing a problem-based learning approach to the study of novel, complex, ethically fraught, unavoidably public, and unavoidably divisive policy problems, called “fractious problems,” in bioscience and biotechnology. Diverse graduate and professional students from four US institutions and disciplines spanning science, engineering, humanities, social science, law, and medicine analyzed fractious problems employing “navigational skills” tailored to the distinctive features of these problems. The students presented their results to policymakers, stakeholders, experts, and members (...)
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  15. Interactionism and Animal Aesthetics: A Theory of Reflected Social Power.Bonnie Berry - 2008 - Society and Animals 16 (1):75-89.
    Stemming from a study of social aesthetics, in which public reaction to human physical appearance is addressed, the present analysis considers the practice of humans associating themselves with nonhuman animals on the basis of the latter's appearance. The study found these nonhuman animals are intended to serve as a positive reflection on the humans who deliberately choose them for their “special” traits, which the humans then utilize to enhance their own social standing. The study compares this to the same practice (...)
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  16.  40
    Gunk Mountains: A Puzzle.Sharon E. Berry - 2019 - Analysis 79 (1):3-10.
    This note points out a conflict between some common intuitions about metaphysical possibility. On the one hand, it is appealing to deny that there are robust counterfactuals about how various physically impossible substances would interact with the matter that exists at our world. On the other hand, our intuitions about how concepts like MOUNTAIN apply at other metaphysically possible worlds seem to presuppose facts about ‘solidity’ which cash out in terms of these counterfactuals. I consider several simple attempts to resolve (...)
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  17.  16
    A Small Bioethical World?Roberta M. Berry - 2011 - HEC Forum 23 (1):1-14.
    This essay discusses four challenges posed to a global bioethics by articles on: divergent national policies on compensation of egg donors for IVF, efforts to advance the development of international guidelines for the management of neonates on the edge of viability, bioethics training workshops in Uganda, a bioethicist’s reflection on a visit to Pakistan. The article then discusses several approaches to developing a global bioethics and how these approaches might meet the four challenges. The essay concludes with discussion of the (...)
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  18.  8
    “[No] Doctor but My Master”: Health Reform and Antislavery Rhetoric in Harriet Jacobs’s Incidents in the Life of a Slave Girl.Sarah L. Berry - 2014 - Journal of Medical Humanities 35 (1):1-18.
    This essay examines Harriet Jacobs’s Incidents in the Life of a Slave Girl in light of new archival findings on the medical practices of Dr. James Norcom . While critics have sharply defined the feminist politics of Jacobs’s sexual victimization and resistance, they have overlooked her medical experience in slavery and her participation in reform after escape. I argue that Jacobs uses the rhetoric of a woman-led health reform movement underway during the 1850s to persuade her readers to end slavery. (...)
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  19.  25
    Gunk Mountains: A Puzzle.Sharon Berry - manuscript
    This note points out a conflict between some common intuitions about metaphysical possibility. On the one hand, it is appealing to deny that there are robust counterfactuals about how various physically impossible substances would interact with the matter that exists at our world. On the other hand, our intuitions about how concepts like MOUNTAIN apply at other metaphysically possible worlds seem to presuppose facts about `solidity’ which cash out in terms of these counterfactuals. I consider several simple attempts to resolve (...)
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  20. The Ethics of Food: A Reader for the Twenty-First Century.Ronald Bailey, Wendell Berry, Norman Borlaug, M. F. K. Fisher, Nichols Fox, Greenpeace International, Garrett Hardin, Mae-Wan Ho, Marc Lappe, Britt Bailey, Tanya Maxted-Frost, Henry I. Miller, Helen Norberg-Hodge, Stuart Patton, C. Ford Runge, Benjamin Senauer, Vandana Shiva, Peter Singer, Anthony J. Trewavas, the U. S. Food & Drug Administration - 2001 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    In The Ethics of Food, Gregory E. Pence brings together a collection of voices who share the view that the ethics of genetically modified food is among the most pressing societal questions of our time. This comprehensive collection addresses a broad range of subjects, including the meaning of food, moral analyses of vegetarianism and starvation, the safety and environmental risks of genetically modified food, issues of global food politics and the food industry, and the relationships among food, evolution, and human (...)
     
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  21.  33
    The Poverty of Networks: The Wealth of Networks by Yochai Benkler New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 2007, Pp. 515, ISBN 0 300 12577 1, Pbk 11.99 Decoding Liberation: The Promise of Free and Open Source Software by Samir Chopra and Scott Dexter New York: Routledge, 2008, Pp. 232, ISBN 0 415 97893 4, Hbk 60.00 The Exploit: A Theory of Networks by Alexander Galloway and Eugene Thacker Minneapolis: Minnesota University Press, 2007, Pp. 256, ISBN 0 816 65044 6, Pbk 12.00. [REVIEW]D. M. Berry - 2008 - Theory, Culture and Society 25 (7-8):364-372.
    The use of networks as an explanatory framework is widespread in the literature that surrounds technology and information society. The three books reviewed here — The Wealth of Networks by Yochai Benkler, Decoding Liberation: The Promise of Free and Open Source Software by Samir Chopra and Scott Dexter, and The Exploit: A Theory of Networks by Alexander Galloway and Eugene Thacker — all make a claim to the novelty that networks provide to their subject matter. By looking closely at the (...)
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  22.  58
    On the Problem of Laws in Nature and History: A Comparison.Stephan Berry - 1999 - History and Theory 38 (4):122–137.
    In the philosophy of science there has traditionally been a tendency to regard physics as the incarnation of science per se. Accordingly, the status of other disciplines is evaluated then with respect to their ability to produce laws resembling those of physics. This view has yielded a considerable bias in the discussion of historical laws. Philosophers as well as historians have tended to discuss such laws mostly with reference to the situation in physics; this often led to either one of (...)
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  23.  34
    Euthanasia--A Dialogue.P. Berry - 2000 - Journal of Medical Ethics 26 (5):370-374.
    A terminally ill man requests that his life be brought to a peaceful end by the doctor overseeing his care. The doctor, an atheist, regretfully declines. The patient, unsatisfied by the answer and increasingly desperate for relief, presses the doctor for an explanation. During the ensuing dialogue the philosophical, ethical and emotional arguments brought to bear by both the doctor and the patient are dissected.
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  24.  14
    Action V Inaction: A Case History in Ethics.P. Berry - 2003 - Journal of Medical Ethics 29 (4):225-226.
    The motives behind the author’s decision to resuscitate a patient are examined. This is prompted by the realisation that he ignored the man’s apparent wish not to be saved for fear of criticism from both relatives and colleagues. The way in which decisions are made when the interests of the doctor and the patient clash are briefly explored. Self interest may play a more significant role than is commonly accepted.
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  25.  16
    Guesswork and Guilt—the Mind of a Suicide.P. Berry - 2004 - Medical Humanities 30 (2):82-84.
    This is an imagined dialogue between the ghost of a young suicide and an old schoolfriend. The living discussant, a doctor now, regrets that he did not realise how deeply troubled his friend was, and wants to know if and in what way he could have dissuaded the depressed schoolboy from his irrevocable decision. The ghost, however, confident in death, free from mental anguish, challenges the doctor’s presumptions. What right does he, does society have, to stop, detain, dissuade, and “cure” (...)
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  26.  7
    Mad Scientists, Narrative, and Social Power: A Collaborative Learning Activity. [REVIEW]Sarah L. Berry & Anthony Cerulli - 2013 - Journal of Medical Humanities 34 (4):451-454.
    Nathaniel Hawthorne’s short stories “The Birthmark” (1843) and “Rappaccini’s Daughter” (1844) encourage critical thinking about science and scientific research as forms of social power. In this collaborative activity, students work in small groups to discuss the ways in which these stories address questions of human experimentation, gender, manipulation of bodies, and the role of narrative in mediating perceptions about bodies. Students collectively adduce textual evidence from the stories to construct claims and present a mini-argument to the class, thereby strengthening their (...)
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  27. Economics, its Effects on the Life Systems of the World ; the Earth, a New Context for Religious Unity.Thomas Berry - 1987 - In Thomas Mary Berry, Anne Lonergan, Caroline Richards & Gregory Baum (eds.), Thomas Berry and the New Cosmology. Twenty-Third Publications.
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  28. The Earth, A New Context for Religious Unity.Thomas Berry - 1987 - In Thomas Mary Berry, Anne Lonergan, Caroline Richards & Gregory Baum (eds.), Thomas Berry and the New Cosmology. Twenty-Third Publications. pp. 37.
     
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  29. Towards a Characterization of Implicit Learning.D. Berry & Z. Dienes - 1993 - In Dianne C. Berry & Zoltán Dienes (eds.), Implicit Learning: Theoretical and Empirical Issues. Lawerence Erlbaum. pp. 1--18.
  30.  21
    Using a Hierarchical Approach to Investigate Residual Auditory Cognition in Persistent Vegetative State.Adrian M. Owen, Martin R. Coleman, D. K. Menon, E. L. Berry, I. S. Johnsrude, J. M. Rodd, Matthew H. Davis & John D. Pickard - 2006 - In Steven Laureys (ed.), Boundaries of Consciousness. Elsevier.
  31.  46
    Life Is a Miracle.Wendell Berry - 2006 - The Chesterton Review 32 (1-2):223-226.
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  32.  30
    Kandinsky, Kant, and a Modern Mandala.Kenneth Berry - 2008 - Journal of Aesthetic Education 42 (4):pp. 105-110.
  33.  30
    Beyond Therapy Beyond the Beltway: An Opening Argument for a Public Debate on Enhancement Biotechnologies. [REVIEW]Roberta M. Berry - 2006 - HEC Forum 18 (2):131-155.
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  34.  16
    The Visual Perception of People: A Reply to Schmitt.Diane S. Berry - 1988 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 18 (3):345–354.
  35. Implicit Learning: Twenty-Five Years On. A Tutorial.Dianne C. Berry - 1994 - In Carlo Umilta & Morris Moscovitch (eds.), Consciousness and Unconscious Information Processing: Attention and Performance 15. MIT Press.
  36.  25
    A Comment That Recalls Chesterton's Trenchant Criticism of Liberal Economics.Wendell Berry - 1993 - The Chesterton Review 19 (4):559-559.
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  37. Pt. 3. The Malleability of Human Nature. Reflections on Secular Foundationalism and Our Human Future / Stephen Erickson ; Nature as Second Nature : Plasticity and Habit / Peter Wake ; The Posthumanist Challenge to a Partly Naturalized Virtue Ethics. [REVIEW]Roberta M. Berry - 2009 - In Mark J. Cherry (ed.), The Normativity of the Natural: Human Goods, Human Virtues, and Human Flourishing. Springer.
  38. Why I Am Not Going to Buy a Computer.Wendell Berry - 2010 - In Craig Hanks (ed.), Technology and Values: Essential Readings. Wiley-Blackwell.
     
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  39.  29
    Kaster (R.A.) (Ed., Trans.) Cicero: Speech on Behalf of Publius Sestius. Translated with Introduction and Commentary. Pp. Xvi + 493, Maps. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 2006. Cased, £70 (Paper, £29.99). ISBN: 978-0-19-928303-3 (978-0-19-928302-6 Pbk). [REVIEW]D. Berry - 2008 - The Classical Review 58 (1):117-119.
  40.  27
    A Ciceronian Companion I. M. May (Ed.): Brill's Companion to Cicero: Oratory and Rhetoric . Pp. XIII + 632. Leiden, Boston, and Cologne: Brill, 2002. Cased, €150/Us$174. Isbn: 90-04-12147-. [REVIEW]D. H. Berry - 2004 - The Classical Review 54 (01):89-.
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  41.  38
    A Deconstruction of Plato’s “Battle of Gods and Giants”.John M. Berry - 1986 - Southwest Philosophy Review 3:28-39.
  42.  23
    A Commentary on the Pro Murena. E. Fantham Cicero's Pro L. Murena Oratio. Pp. VIII + 224, Map. New York: Oxford University Press, for the American Philological Association, 2013. Paper, £16.99, Us$24.95 . Isbn: 978-0-19-997453-5. [REVIEW]D. H. Berry - 2015 - The Classical Review 65 (1):118-120.
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  43.  7
    Greek Thinkers: A History of Ancient Philosophy.Theodor Gomperz & G. G. Berry - 1905 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 25 (1):181.
  44.  21
    A Polemic for Human Enhancement.Roberta M. Berry - 2010 - Metascience 19 (2):263-266.
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  45.  14
    STUDIES IN ORATORY C. W. Wooten (Ed.): The Orator in Action and Theory in Greece and Rome. Essays in Honor of G. A. Kennedy . Pp. Xvii + 172. Leiden, Boston, and Cologne: Brill, 2001. Cased, €59. ISBN: 90-04-12213-. [REVIEW]D. H. Berry - 2003 - The Classical Review 53 (01):40-.
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  46.  13
    Review: Frederic B. Fitch, A Minimum Calculus for Logic. [REVIEW]George D. W. Berry - 1946 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 11 (4):127-128.
  47.  6
    Stimulus Encoding as a Function of Modality: Aural Versus Visual Paired-Associate Learning.Franklin M. Berry, Douglas K. Detterman & Thomas Mulhern - 1973 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 99 (1):140-142.
  48.  16
    Re-Situating and Re-Mediating the Canons: A Cultural-Historical Remapping of Rhetorical Activity.Paul Prior, Janine Solberg, Patrick Berry, Hannah Bellwoar, Bill Chewning, K. J. Lunsford, Liz Rohan, Kevin Roozen, Mary Sheridan-Rabideau & Jody Shipka - 2007 - Kairos 11 (3).
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  49.  12
    A Ciceronian Companion. [REVIEW]D. H. Berry - 2004 - The Classical Review 54 (1):89-91.
  50.  12
    Review: Thomas Storer, The Philosophical Relevance of a "Behavioristic Semiotic.". [REVIEW]George D. W. Berry - 1950 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 15 (2):149-149.
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