Results for 'Susanne Schaal'

983 found
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  1.  14
    Combat High or Traumatic Stress: Violent Offending is Associated with Appetitive Aggression but Not with Symptoms of Traumatic Stress.Anke Kã¶Bach, Susanne Schaal & Thomas Elbert - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5.
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  2. Szente M.C. Susanne - 1999 - Global Bioethics 12 (1-4):105-114.
    Dementia accompanies aging in certain susceptible individuals. The chemical function of the brain remains normal, but certain neurotransmitter-selective diseases, such as Parkinson's disease, Huntington's disease, and Alzheimer's disease occur more commonly with age.There are at least two issues troubling researchers of senile dementia at the moment. One is the contribution of cell death, as opposed to selective neuronal atrophy, to the pathology of degenerative disorders. The other is how early the onset of dementia might be detected. The resolution of such (...)
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  3. Human Cloning: The Biological and Ethical Principles.Charles Susanne - 2001 - Global Bioethics 14 (2-3):5-8.
    The author makes a review of the different meaning of the word “clone”. He refers on the new perspectives in fertilizing human eggs with somatic nucleus in order to obtain a zygote after having removed the original nucleus. The author moreover discusses the ethical implications.
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  4.  64
    Is Imitation Learning the Route to Humanoid Robots?Stefan Schaal - 1999 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 3 (6):233-242.
  5. Informatics: The Fuel for Pharmacometric Analysis.H. Grasela Thaddeus, Fiedler-Kelly Jill, Cirincione Brenda, Hitchcock Darcy, Reitz Kathleen, Sardella Susanne & Barry Smith - 2007 - AAPS Journal 9 (1):E84--E91.
    The current informal practice of pharmacometrics as a combination art and science makes it hard to appreciate the role that informatics can and should play in the future of the discipline and to comprehend the gaps that exist because of its absence. The development of pharmacometric informatics has important implications for expediting decision making and for improving the reliability of decisions made in model-based development. We argue that well-defined informatics for pharmacometrics can lead to much needed improvements in the efficiency, (...)
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  6.  40
    Animal Consciousness.Pierre Le Neindre, Emilie Bernard, Alain Boissy, Xavier Boivin, Ludovic Calandreau, Nicolas Delon, Bertrand Deputte, Sonia Desmoulin-Canselier, Muriel Dunier, Nathan Faivre, Martin Giurfa, Jean-Luc Guichet, Léa Lansade, Raphaël Larrère, Pierre Mormède, Patrick Prunet, Benoist Schaal, Jacques Servière & Claudia Terlouw - 2017 - EFSA Supporting Publication 14 (4).
    After reviewing the literature on current knowledge about consciousness in humans, we present a state-of-the art discussion on consciousness and related key concepts in animals. Obviously much fewer publications are available on non-human species than on humans, most of them relating to laboratory or wild animal species, and only few to livestock species. Human consciousness is by definition subjective and private. Animal consciousness is usually assessed through behavioural performance. Behaviour involves a wide array of cognitive processes that have to be (...)
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  7.  78
    The Cambridge Companion to Science and Religion Edited by Peter Harrison.Jim Schaal - 2011 - Zygon 46 (2):505-506.
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  8.  24
    Bioethics and Modern Techniques in Genetics.Charles Susanne - 1997 - Global Bioethics 10 (1-4):65-90.
    To refuse new knowledge and new technologies is at long term a lost battle: this general constatation may, without doubt, be extrapolated to genetic engineering.The influence fundamental science-applied science is always mutual. Such as is also the influence science-society. If the genetics influences the society, the society influences the genetics and the sciences of the reproduction. The goal is indeed nowadays to have a limited number of children, and to offer a life of quality with minimal sufferings. Without doubt these (...)
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  9.  17
    Bioethics in a Pluralist Approach.Charles Susanne - 1997 - Global Bioethics 10 (1-4):25-34.
    “I know only one thing, that I know nothing” SocratesMost of the religions put human life above all other kind of animal life, enclose the complexity of human life in a dogma and give a finality to life and death. When biologists are not more following the security of the road of systematic analysis of animal or plant kingdom or of ecological studies of biotopes, but when they are giving a chemical and mechanical explanation of life, they become disturbing for (...)
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  10.  75
    Religious Naturalism Today: The Rebirth of a Forgotten Alternative. By Jerome A. Stone.Jim Schaal - 2010 - Zygon 45 (1):285-286.
  11.  10
    Women and New Reproductive Technologies.C. Lema, C. Pereira, A. Cambron & C. Susanne - 1997 - Global Bioethics 10 (1-4):129-137.
    If few authors have paid much attention to the feminine concerns in new reproductive technologies, actually it is mainly some feminist authors, who, to a great extent, have allowed these concerns to enter into public debate. On the other hand, the preoccupation about women's interests and points of view is a feature in common of all feminist approaches, independently of their other philosophical concepts. Nevertheless, another feature of feminist discourses is their plurality and heterogeneity. So, we have not find back (...)
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  12.  13
    Human Ecology: A Matter of Ethics.Charles Susanne - 1998 - Global Bioethics 11 (1-4):119-126.
    There are many possibilities to approaching the new concept of human ecology such as a way to: — define a new science and a new form of research— define action oriented methods— approach long term effects— define some rationality— a philosophic approach— approach human rights.
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  13.  9
    Human Experimentation.C. Susanne - 1997 - Global Bioethics 10 (1-4):123-128.
    Human experimentation can have different meanings: indeed, with the development of medical research, therapeutic acts have to be distinguished from acts of cognitive values. For each kind of acts, specific conditions of acceptability and specific protections of human beings have to be defined.Human experimentation must be envisaged at different levels to evaluate ethical aspects: its scientific value, the risks, benefits envisaged, the populations implicated, etc…The individual consent must be present too in the relationship between the subject and the doctors. In (...)
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  14.  52
    Creation Made Free: Open Theology Engaging Science Edited by Thomas Jay Oord.Jim Schaal - 2011 - Zygon 46 (1):247-249.
  15.  26
    Evidence of Phenotypic and Social Assortative Mating for Anthropometric and Physiological Traits in Couples From the Basque Country.I. Salces, E. Rebato & C. Susanne - 2004 - Journal of Biosocial Science 36 (2):235-250.
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  16.  32
    Biology and Anthropology: Before and After Bologna.Charles Susanne - 2002 - Telos: Critical Theory of the Contemporary 11:125-138.
  17.  14
    Mimicking Emotions: How 3–12-Month-Old Infants Use the Facial Expressions and Eyes of a Model.Robert Soussignan, Nicolas Dollion, Benoist Schaal, Karine Durand, Nadja Reissland & Jean-Yves Baudouin - 2017 - Cognition and Emotion 32 (4):827-842.
    While there is an extensive literature on the tendency to mimic emotional expressions in adults, it is unclear how this skill emerges and develops over time. Specifically, it is unclear whether infants mimic discrete emotion-related facial actions, whether their facial displays are moderated by contextual cues and whether infants’ emotional mimicry is constrained by developmental changes in the ability to discriminate emotions. We therefore investigate these questions using Baby-FACS to code infants’ facial displays and eye-movement tracking to examine infants’ looking (...)
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  18.  7
    Human Genome Project: Is Eugenism Coming Back?Charles Susanne - 2000 - Global Bioethics 13 (3-4):15-20.
    Biologists are faced two questions which are new in their fields. How far to go in genetical research? How should new findings be applied?Theoretically, the answers are not so difficult to find. Research should not be halted or even slowed down. On which basis should we limit knowledge, it would even be on topics such as cancer, AIDS, ageing,…, a crime against humanity not to develop research. Also theoretically, findings would be applied for the good of humanity and for a (...)
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  19.  27
    Human Diversity Genome Project: Is Eugenism Coming Back?Charles Susanne - unknown
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  20.  20
    Religions et rationalité: l'exemple de l'évolution (humaine).Charles Susanne - 2005 - Cahiers Internationaux de Symbolisme 112:139-153.
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  21.  6
    Demographic Tendencies: Ethical Consequences in Terms of Migration and Racism.C. Susanne - 1999 - Global Bioethics 12 (1-4):81-87.
    Racism, proposing ethnic inequalities, survives only because multiple acts of exclusion, inferiorisation and marginalisation are present daily, as well as attitudes that legitimate differences. These can be subtle attitudes and even denials. As long as racism is denied, there is no need for official measures against it, to combat discrimination or to develop moral campaigns.It is important to be able to make proposals for long term perspectives, for fair and humane immigration policies, for the recognition of the rights of immigrants (...)
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  22.  6
    Race: A Stereotype.Charles Susanne & Esther Rebato - 2003 - Global Bioethics 16 (1):111-115.
    In a typological and racial classification, the hypothesis is to suppose that races have existed at a “pure” level, before migrations would result in a large mixing. In this way of thinking, one forgets that migrations have always existed and thus gene flow too. When groups meet, they may or may not bleed, but they always breed.
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  23.  6
    Ageing Population in the Developed Countries: Some Ethical Consequences.M. Szente & C. Susanne - 1999 - Global Bioethics 12 (1-4):89-98.
    Dementia accompanies aging in certain susceptible individuals. The chemical function of the brain remains normal, but certain neurotransmitter-selective diseases, such as Parkinson's disease, Huntington's disease, and Alzheimer's disease occur more commonly with age.There are at least two issues troubling researchers of senile dementia at the moment. One is the contribution of cell death, as opposed to selective neuronal atrophy, to the pathology of degenerative disorders. The other is how early the onset of dementia might be detected. The resolution of such (...)
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  24.  19
    Arm and Hand Movement Control.Stefan Schaal - 2002 - In M. Arbib (ed.), The Handbook of Brain Theory and Neural Networks. MIT Press. pp. 2--110.
  25.  22
    Women and New Reproductive Technologies.C. Lema, C. Pereira, A. Cambron & Charles Susanne - 1997 - Global Bioethics 97 (10):129-137.
  26.  17
    Human Clonation in Internet.Charles Susanne, M. A. Piazza & T. Moretti - 2001 - Global Bioethics 14 (2-3):53-57.
    Lots of Websites offer the possibility to donate human beings. Another problem of ethics of communications.
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  27.  20
    International Migration and Biodemographical Behaviour: A Study of Italians in Belgium.M. Zavattaro, C. Susanne & M. Vercauteren - 1997 - Journal of Biosocial Science 29 (3):345-354.
    This paper describes the matrimonial and reproductive behaviour of Italians who migrated to Belgium after the Second World War. Migrants were either already married, or later became married, to other Italians. Among the children of migrants, men equally chose Italian or Belgian wives but women tended to prefer Italian partners. Italian-Belgian marriages were more frequent among the better educated groups. Family size is smaller among migrants marrying after migration and in heterogamous marriages. Significant differences in birth intervals are found when (...)
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  28.  20
    Environmental Ethics.Luc Hens & Charles Susanne - 1998 - Global Bioethics 11 (1-4):97-118.
    The societal roots of the environmental discussion are discussed. Attention focusses on the roles played by the nature conservation, environmental, consumer and anti-nuclear movements, popular and popularized science, the media and the development of environmental policy and regulation.The scientific approach and the societal background enable us to understand the concept of the “environmental crisis”, which itself provides the most important contextual background to environmental ethics. To illustrate contemporary thinking, an analysis of Agenda 21 shows how environmental problems are currently seen (...)
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  29.  20
    Animals, a Matter of Definition, Genetic Manipulation, a Matter of Philosophy.Charles Susanne - 1993 - Global Bioethics 6 (2):143-148.
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  30.  14
    Book News and Book Announcements.Charles Susanne - 1992 - Global Bioethics 5 (1):91-91.
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  31.  17
    Regulation of Artificial Human Reproduction and European Social Regulations.A. Cambron & Charles Susanne - 1997 - Global Bioethics 10 (1-4):139-148.
    Observing the practical situation of the techniques of assisted procreation in European societies, one is allowed to affirm that these techniques are largely in use in our societies, it did not find resistance among the secular groups of the society. It is not the case of the representatives of the Catholic church, hostile to each intervention on the reproductive mechanisms as being a violation against natural law, the most virulent opposition is linked to intervention on embryos or to each way (...)
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  32.  17
    Learning Robot Control.Stefan Schaal - 2002 - In The Handbook of Brain Theory and Neural Networks. pp. 2--983.
  33.  13
    Some Ethical Implications of Neursciences.Charles Susanne & M. Szente - 1997 - Global Bioethics 10 (1-4):111-121.
    The new methods of modern sciences can contribute to understand the genesis of mental illness, the disturbances in brain chemistry, physiology, anatomy or genetical information underlying different diseases of the nervous system. Understanding mental illness is not only challenging to science, but is also of great social importance. Moreover, the new developments of neurosciences put new lights on discussions such as brain-mind concepts, unity of mind, definition of consciousness and even definition of the person.For the majority of the scientists, it (...)
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  34.  16
    The Foundations of the Protection of Biodiversity.Charles Susanne - 1998 - Global Bioethics 11 (1-4):137-143.
    In the last decade, biodiversity became a central concept of ecology, as important as the concepts of sustainable development, right for future generations, global changes for instance. Biodiversity received a recognition through, the Brundtland report and the Earth Summit of Rio de Janeiro. Protection of biodiversity represents nowadays a ethical and political obligation.If the concept is rather clear and is applied at three levels, genes, species and ecosystems, if we know that the diversity is unequally distributed, concentrated in tropical areas, (...)
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  35.  25
    Religious Naturalism Today: The Rebirth of a Forgotten Alternative.Jim Schaal - 2011 - American Journal of Theology and Philosophy 32 (1):97-101.
    In his 1992 book The Minimalist Vision of Transcendence, philosopher and theologian Jerome A. Stone developed an epistemological stance in which "experience, understanding, and knowledge are seen as transactions between what we call the subject and the object" (3). From this epistemological stance, writes Stone, follows the hermeneutical image that shapes his most recent work, Religious Naturalism Today: The Rebirth of a Forgotten Alternative: "This book is like a portrait.… Unlike most portraits, however, the portraitist is clearly stationed within the (...)
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  36.  15
    Bioethics in a Pluralist Approach.Charles Susanne - 1997 - Global Bioethics 10 (1-4):25-34.
    “I know only one thing, that I know nothing” SocratesMost of the religions put human life above all other kind of animal life, enclose the complexity of human life in a dogma and give a finality to life and death. When biologists are not more following the security of the road of systematic analysis of animal or plant kingdom or of ecological studies of biotopes, but when they are giving a chemical and mechanical explanation of life, they become disturbing for (...)
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  37.  10
    Eugenics and Eugenism.Charles Susanne - 1997 - Global Bioethics 10 (1-4):101-110.
    Eugenics is bringing misunderstandings linked to eugenism as socio-political movement.Eugenism is the political movement, which estimated that eugenics could ameliorate the qualities of “race”. This idea, that the gene pool of the human species could be ameliorated, is not new and is even a part of the history of our nations. It is on the United States that, between 1900 and 1930, eugenism found its first socio-political successes.Eugenism has roots in the conservative movements of the 19th century and will condemn (...)
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  38.  1
    The Posterior Parietal Cortex Subserves Precise Motor Timing in Professional Drummers.Bettina Pollok, Katharina Stephan, Ariane Keitel, Vanessa Krause & Nora K. Schaal - 2017 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 11.
  39.  11
    Explanatory Reductionism in Behavior Analysis.David W. Schaal - 2003 - In Kennon A. Lattal (ed.), Behavior Theory and Philosophy. Springer. pp. 83--102.
  40. Das Staatsverständnis von Jürgen Habermas.Gary S. Schaal (ed.) - 2009 - Nomos.
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  41. The Handbook of Brain Theory and Neural Networks.Stefan Schaal - 2002
     
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  42. Cambron A.C. Susanne - 1997 - Global Bioethics 10 (1-4):139-148.
    Observing the practical situation of the techniques of assisted procreation in European societies, one is allowed to affirm that these techniques are largely in use in our societies, it did not find resistance among the secular groups of the society. It is not the case of the representatives of the Catholic church, hostile to each intervention on the reproductive mechanisms as being a violation against natural law, the most virulent opposition is linked to intervention on embryos or to each way (...)
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  43.  12
    Susanne K. Langer and the Definition of Art.Carlos João Correia - 2019 - Eidos. A Journal for Philosophy of Culture 3 (1):92-103.
    This essay aims to analyze the conception of a work of art in the thought of Susanne K. Langer. The author offers us a definition of art, grounded on the idea that art is the “creation of symbolic forms of human feeling”. This thesis is, in turn, constructed from a robust theory of the symbolic function of the human mind.
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  44. Iconology and Formal Aesthetics: A New Harmony. A Contribution to the Current Debate in Art Theory and Philosophy of Arts on the (Picture-)Action-Theories of Susanne K. Langer and John M. Krois.Sauer Martina - 2016 - Sztuka I Filozofia (Art and Philosophy), Warschau 48:12-29.
    Since the beginning of the 20th Century to the present day, it has rarely been doubted that whenever formal aesthetic methods meet their iconological counterparts, the two approaches appear to be mutually exclusive. In reality, though, an ahistorical concept is challenging a historical analysis of art. It is especially Susanne K. Langer´s long-overlooked system of analogies between perceptions of the world and of artistic creations that are dependent on feelings which today allows a rapprochement of these positions. Krois’s insistence (...)
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  45. Fate and Free Will in Stoicism: A Discussion of Susanne Bobzien, Determinism and Freedom in Stoic Philosophy.Tad Brennan - 2001 - In David Sedley (ed.), Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy. Oxford University Press. pp. 259-286.
  46. Normative Und Motivierende Gründe. Ein Kommentar Zu Susanne Mantels Determined by Reasons.Benjamin Kiesewetter - 2018 - Zeitschrift für Philosophische Forschung 72 (3):421-428.
    One of the central aims of Susanne Mantel’s book "Determined by Reasons" (2018) is to reject the idea that normative and motivating reasons can be identical. In her own words, Mantel denies the “Identity Thesis”, according to which “when an agent acts for a normative reason N, there is a motivating reason M of that agent such that M is identical with N” (Mantel 2018, 93). In this comment, I offer a simple argument for the Identity Thesis: (1) When (...)
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  47.  72
    Determined by Reasons: A Competence Account of Acting for a Normative Reason, by Susanne Mantel. Review for Mind. [REVIEW]Clayton Littlejohn - forthcoming - Mind.
    A review of Susanne Mantel's book, Determined by Reasons (Routledge).
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  48.  44
    Review of Susanne Mantel's 'Determined by Reasons'. [REVIEW]Joe Cunningham - forthcoming - Philosophical Quarterly.
    The primary focus of Susanne Mantel’s excellent 'Determined by Reasons' is to develop a distinctive abilities-based account of acting in response to normative reasons, one which is clearly modelled on extant ability-theoretic accounts of knowledge. This review sketches Mantel’s account and raises a worry: that the account fails to characterise the sort of abilities constitutively involved in responding to reasons because it allows that agents can act for the reason that p even if their belief that p is not (...)
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  49.  58
    A Critique of Susanne Langer’s View of Musical Temporality.Eran Guter & Inbal Guter - 2018 - Proceedings of the European Society for Aesthetics, Vol. 10.
    Susanne Langer’s idea of the primary apparition of music involves a dichotomy between two kinds of temporality: “felt time” and “clock time.” For Langer, musical time is exclusively felt time, and in this sense, music is “time made audible.” However, Langer also postulates what we would call ‘a strong suspension thesis’: the swallowing up of clock time in the illusion of felt time. In this paper we take issue with the ‘strong suspension thesis’ and its implications and ramifications regarding (...)
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  50.  68
    Susanne Langer and the Woeful World of Facts.Giulia Felappi - 2017 - Journal for the History of Analytical Philosophy 5 (2).
    Susanne Langer is mainly known as the American philosopher who, starting from her famous Philosophy in a New Key, worked in aesthetics and famously saw art as the product of the human mind’s most important, distinctive and remarkable ability, i.e., the ability to symbolise. But Langer’s later consideration of the connection between art and symbol is propagated by an early interest in the logic of symbols themselves. This rather neglected early part of Langer’s thought and her early interests and (...)
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