Results for 'Svein A. Noer Lie'

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Profile: Svein Anders Noer Lie (University of Tromsø)
  1.  58
    Causation and Evidence-Based Practive - an Ontological Review.Roger Kerry, Thor Eirik Eriksen, Svein Anders Noer Lie, Stephen Mumford & Rani Lill Anjum - 2012 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 18 (5):1006-1012.
    We claim that if a complete philosophy of evidence-based practice is intended, then attention to the nature of causation in health science is necessary. We identify how health science currently conceptualises causation by the way it prioritises some research methods over others. We then show how the current understanding of what causation is serves to constrain scientific progress. An alternative account of causation is offered. This is one of dispositionalism. We claim that by understanding causation from a dispositionalist stance, many (...)
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  2. Dispositions and Ethics.Rani Lill Anjum, Svein Anders Noer Lie & Stephen Mumford - manuscript
    What is the connection between dispositions and ethics? Some might think very little and those who are interested in dispositions tend to be metaphysicians whose interests are far from value. However, we argue in this paper that dispositions and dispositionality are central to ethics, indeed a precondition. Ethics rests on a number of notions that are either dispositional in nature or involve real dispositions or powers at work. We argue for a dispositional account of value that offers an alternative to (...)
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  3.  1
    Marion Hourdequin and David G. Havlick Restoring Layered Landscapes: History, Ecology and Culture.Svein Anders Noer Lie - 2017 - Environmental Values 26 (4):523-525.
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  4.  7
    A Study of Mao Zedong's" Combination" Thought.Y. A. O. Run-gao & G. A. O. Lie - 2005 - Thought: A Journal of Philosophy 5:000.
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  5.  2
    A Survey of Scientist and Policy Makers' Attitudes Toward Research on Stored Human Biological Materials in Sri Lanka.Vajira H. W. Dissanayake, Dulika S. Sumathipala, U. G. A. C. Kariyawasam, J. M. D. N. M. M. Jayamanne, P. K. D. S. Nisansala & Reidar Lie - 2015 - Developing World Bioethics 15 (3):226-232.
    Introduction Stored human samples and the establishment of biobanks are increasing in the world. Along with this there are the questions of ethics that arise such as the correct method of obtaining informed consent for research on stored samples and the policies involved in collaborative research using collected samples. This study is an attempt to evaluate the researchers, academics and policy makers' views on these ethical aspects. Methods This was an anonymised study involving a Sri Lankan population of researchers, ethics (...)
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  6.  51
    At the Borders of Medical Reasoning: Aetiological and Ontological Challenges of Medically Unexplained Symptoms.Thor Eriksen, Roger Kerry, Stephen Mumford, Svein Anders Lie & Rani Lill Anjum - 2013 - Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 8 (1):11.
    Medically unexplained symptoms (MUS) remain recalcitrant to the medical profession, proving less suitable for homogenic treatment with respect to their aetiology, taxonomy and diagnosis. While the majority of existing medical research methods are designed for large scale population data and sufficiently homogenous groups, MUS are characterised by their heterogenic and complex nature. As a result, MUS seem to resist medical scrutiny in a way that other conditions do not. This paper approaches the problem of MUS from a philosophical point of (...)
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  7.  3
    Svein Anders Noer Lie, Philosophy of Nature: Rethinking Naturalness.Eric Katz - 2017 - Environmental Values 26 (1):111-113.
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  8.  13
    Eugenics and Mandatory Informed Prenatal Genetic Testing: A Unique Perspective From China.Vincent H. di ZhangNg, Zhaochen Wang, Xiaomei Zhai & Reidar K. Lie - 2016 - Developing World Bioethics 16 (2):107-115.
    The application of genetic technologies in China, especially in the area of prenatal genetic testing, is rapidly increasing in China. In the wealthy regions of China, prenatal genetic testing is already very widely adopted. We argue that the government should actively promote prenatal genetic testing to the poor areas of the country. In fact, the government should prioritize resources first to make prenatal genetic testing a standard routine care with an opt-out model in these area. Healthcare professions would be required (...)
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  9.  20
    The 'Borderzone Zone' Controversy a Study of Theory Structure in Biomedicine.Reidar Krummradt Lie - 1986 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 7 (3).
    This paper gives an account of theory structure in the biomedical sciences with particular emphasis on cardiology. Rather than regarding theories as axiomatizable sets of statements (the so-called received view), theories are regarded as answers to questions which are accepted as legitimate and interesting by scientists within a field of investigation at a given time. This account of theory structure is used to distinguish between theories which are quite liable to be revised during the course of scientific investigation, here called (...)
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  10.  16
    The Use of Interval Estimators as a Basis for Decision-Making in Medicine.Reidar K. Lie - 1984 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 5 (3).
    Decision analysts sometimes use the results of clinical trials in order to evaluate treatment alternatives. I discuss some problems associated with this, and in particular I point out that it is not valid to use the estimates from clinical trials as the probabilities of events which are needed for decision analysis. I also attempt to show that an approach based on objective statistical theory may have advantages over commonly used methods based on decision theory. These advantages include the recognition of (...)
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  11.  25
    Patterns of Theory Change in Biomedicine: A Case Study From Cardiology.Reidar K. Lie - 1991 - Synthese 89 (1):75 - 88.
    This article presents a case study from the history of cardiology, namely, the development towards the acceptance of the coronary theory of angina pectoris. I show that the arguments which were considered decisive against the theory were not answered at the time the theory was accepted. I also point out that the experimental and practical success of the theory cannot be used to support the initial choice because, in the subsequent development, the field researchers became preoccupied with new questions and (...)
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  12.  10
    Aiming at a Moving Target: Research Ethics in the Context of Evolving Standards of Care and Prevention.S. Shah & R. K. Lie - 2013 - Journal of Medical Ethics 39 (11):699-702.
    In rapidly evolving medical fields where the standard of care or prevention changes frequently, guidelines are increasingly likely to conflict with what participants receive in research. Although guidelines typically set the standard of care, there are some cases in which research can justifiably deviate from guidelines. When guidelines conflict with research, an ethical issue only arises if guidelines are rigorous and should be followed. Next, it is important that the cumulative evidence and the conclusions reached by the guidelines do not (...)
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  13.  2
    The Absolute Ethical Requirement of Individual, Informed Consent: A Commentary on Barrett and Parker.R. Lie - 2003 - Monash Bioethics Review 22 (3):18.
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  14.  1
    Medical Ethics in China: A Transcultural Interpretation (Review).Reidar Lie - 2012 - Asian Bioethics Review 4 (3):240-246.
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  15.  22
    Methodological and Conceptual Issues in Health Care System Comparisons: Canada, Norway, and the United States.B. A. Brody & R. K. Lie - 1993 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 18 (5):437-463.
    There is a growing interest in comparison of international health care data with the hope that such studies will enable individual systems to learn from other systems. Such comparisons, however, presuppose that there exist common criteria for evaluating health care systems. The main thesis of this paper is that these comparative studies are misleading because they employ inappropriate operationalizations of these criteria because the operarionalizations are based upon mistaken global conceptualizations of the criteria in question. The essay provides a methodological (...)
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  16.  24
    Causation in Evidence-Based Medicine: In Reply to Strand and Parkkinen.Roger Kerry, Thor E. Eriksen, Svein A. Noer Lie, Stephen Mumford & Rani L. Anjum - 2014 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 20 (6):985-987.
  17. On a Supposed Right to Lie Because of Philanthropic Concerns.Immanuel Kant - unknown
    "The moral principle stating that it is a duty to tell the truth would make any society impossible if that principle were taken singly and unconditionally. We have proof of this in the very direct consequences which a German philosopher has drawn from this principle. This philosopher goes as far as to assert that it would be a crime to tell a lie to a murderer who asked whether our friend who is being pursued by the murderer had taken refuge (...)
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  18.  31
    Review: Kant, Immanuel, On a Supposed Right to Lie From Philanthropy.Allen W. Wood - 2011 - Eidos: Revista de Filosofía de la Universidad Del Norte 15:96-117.
    Kant’s strict views on lying have been regularly cited as a reason for thinking there is something fundamentally wrong with Kantian ethics. Some of Kant’s statements here seem so excessive that most Kantians who have dealt with the topic have tried to distance themselves from them, usually claiming that they do not (or need not) follow from Kant’s own principles. In this chapter, I will do a little of that, partly by questioning whether the famous example of the “murderer at (...)
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  19. Kant and the right to lie reviewed essay: On a supposed right to lie from philanthropy, by Inmanuel Kant.Allen Wood - 2011 - Eidos: Revista de Filosofía de la Universidad Del Norte 15:96-117.
    Kant’s strict views on lying have been regularly cited as a reason for thinking there is something fundamentally wrong with Kantian ethics. Some of Kant’s statements here seem so excessive that most Kantians who have dealt with the topic have tried to distance themselves from them, usually claiming that they do not follow from Kant’s own principles. In this chapter, I will do a little of that, partly by questioning whether the famous example of the “murderer at the door” really (...)
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  20.  17
    A Constructive-Axiomatic Approach to the Lie Structure in General Spacetime by the Principle of Approximative Reproducibility.Dieter Mayr - 1983 - Foundations of Physics 13 (7):731-743.
    The present article covers the first part of our constructive-axiomatic approach to general spacetime, guided by Ludwig's conception of an axiomatic base. The leading idea of axiomatization is a generalized version of the equivalence principle—the principle of approximative reproducibility. As fundamental concepts we use processes and reproductions of processes. On the universe of processes the point space of events is founded which carries the familiar properties of spacetime topology. A general contact relation for reproductions is the key structure to build (...)
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  21.  2
    Some Elements of Lie-Differential Algebra and a Uniform Companion for Large Lie-Differential Fields.Nicolas Guzy - 2007 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 150 (1):66-78.
    In this paper, we develop the beginning of Lie-differential algebra, in the sense of Kolchin by using tools introduced by Hubert in [E. Hubert, Differential algebra for derivations with nontrivial commutation rules, J. Pure Appl. Algebra 200 163–190]. In particular it allows us to adapt the results of Tressl 3933–3951]) by showing the existence of a theory of Lie-differential fields of characteristic zero. This theory will serve as a model companion for every theory of large and Lie-differential fields extending a (...)
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  22.  3
    Eppur Si Muove: A Comment on Baruch Brody and Reider Lie.Jean-Pierre Poullier - 1993 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 18 (5):465-473.
    The manuscript by Baruch Brody and Reider Lie presents a distorted image of cost comparisons and social accounts. They presuppose a static view of health systems. While there is methodological uncertainty in international comparisons, such uncertainty should not be used to justify a failure to act. Keywords: accounting, efficiency, social accounts CiteULike Connotea Del.icio.us What's this?
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  23. I Cannot Tell a Lie. Hugh Lawton's Critique of Ockham on Mental Language.Hester Goodenough Gelber - 1984 - Franciscan Studies 44:141-179.
    The article describes the evolution of Ockham's theory of mental language and its impact on three of his dominican contemporaries at oxford: Hugh Lawton, William Crathorn and Robert Holcot, and its impact at Paris on the works of Gregory of Rimini and Pierre d'Ailly. Hugh Lawton's critical response to Ockham relied on a liar-like paradox to show that mental language would preclude the ability to lie. Crathorn devised an alternative to Ockham's theory in reaction, whereas Holcot defended Ockham's views. At (...)
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  24. Grounding for the Metaphysics of Morals: With on a Supposed Right to Lie Because of Philanthropic Concerns.Kant Immanuel - 1993 - Hackett Publishing Company.
    This expanded edition of James Ellington’s preeminent translation includes Ellington’s new translation of Kant’s essay Of a Supposed Right to Lie Because of Philanthropic Concerns in which Kant replies to one of the standard objections to his moral theory as presented in the main text: that it requires us to tell the truth even in the face of disastrous consequences.
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  25. Kant: Ethical Philosophy: Grounding for the Metaphysics of Morals, and, Metaphysical Principles of Virtue, with, "on a Supposed Right to Lie Because of Philanthropic Concerns".Kant Immanuel - 1995 - Hackett Publishing Company.
    This expanded edition of James Ellington's preeminent translations of _Grounding for the Metaphysics of Morals and Metaphysical Principles of Virtue_ includes his new translation of Kant's essay On a Supposed Right to Lie Because of Philanthropic Concerns, in which Kant replies to one of the standard objections to his moral theory, as presented in the main text of _Grounding_, that it requires us to tell the truth even in the face of harmful consequences.
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  26. Metallurgical Anthropology in Hesiod and Plato and the Date of a "Phoenician Lie".Robert Eisler - 1949 - Isis: A Journal of the History of Science 40:108-112.
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  27.  28
    The Lie of Fmri: An Examination of the Ethics of a Market in Lie Detection Using Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging. [REVIEW]Amy E. White - 2010 - HEC Forum 22 (3):253-266.
    In this paper, I argue that companies who use functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (fMRI) scans for lie detection encounter the same basic ethical stumbling blocks as commercial companies that market traditional polygraphs. Markets in traditional voluntary polygraphs are common and fail to elicit much uproar among ethicists. Thus, for consistency, if markets in polygraphs are ethically unproblematic, markets using fMRIs for lie detection are equally as acceptable. Furthermore, while I acknowledge two substantial differences between the ethical concerns involving polygraphs and (...)
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  28. Metallurgical Anthropology in Hesiod and Plato and the Date of a "Phoenician Lie".Robert Eisler - 1949 - Isis 40 (2):108-112.
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  29.  46
    Reasoning as a Lie Detection Device (Commentary on Mercier and Sperber:'Why Do Humans Reason? Arguments for an Argumentative Theory').Jean-Louis Dessalles - 2011 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 34 (2):76-77.
    The biological function of human reasoning abilities cannot be to improve shared knowledge. This is at best a side effect. A more plausible function of argumentation, and thus of reasoning, is to advertise one's ability to detect lies and errors. Such selfish behavior is closer to what we should expect from a naturally selected competence.
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  30.  34
    A Time to Lie.Monica Link - 2011 - Think 10 (29):111-115.
    In his well-known piece ‘Autonomy and Benevolent Lies’ Thomas Hill argues that out of respect for people's autonomy, we ought not to tell benevolent lies. He argues that we are obligated to tell the truth, especially when asked directly for it, even if we know it will cause a person more pain. This is because truth-telling is tied to respecting autonomy, which involves giving people a realistic picture of their situation, however rosy or bleak, and letting them decide what to (...)
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  31.  22
    Human Language as a Tool of Lie.Constantinos Maritsas - 2010 - Cultura 7 (2):234-244.
    The problem of human language is studied in the context of the definition “civilization” on the basis of Darwin’s theory. The author defines civilization as “survival of the unfit”. The author supposes that language was invented by the men to describe their heroic deeds for the women in order to be selected by them for reproduction. In other words, language became a selection criterion together with beauty and presents.
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  32.  8
    €œOn a Supposed Right to Lie [to the Public] From Benevolent Motives” Communicating Health Risks to the Public.Darren Shickle - 2000 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 3 (3):241-249.
    There are three main categories of rationale for withholding information or telling lies: if overwhelming harm can only be averted through deceit; complete triviality such that it is irrelevant whether the truth is told; a duty to protect the interests of others. Public health authorities are frequently having to form judgements about the public interest, whether to release information or issue warnings. In June 1992, routine surveillance detected patulin levels (a known carcinogen) in samples of apple juice exceeding safety threshold. (...)
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  33.  12
    Concerning a Pretended Right to Lie From Motives of Humanity.Immanuel Kant & A. E. Kroeger - 1873 - Journal of Speculative Philosophy 7 (2):14 - 19.
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  34.  9
    Towards a Fabulous Reading: Nietzsche's «On Truth and Lie in the Extramoral Sense».A. Warmiński - 1991 - Graduate Faculty Philosophy Journal 15 (2):93-120.
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  35.  1
    "Interest Will Not Lie": A Seventeenth-Century Political Maxim.J. A. W. Gunn - 1968 - Journal of the History of Ideas 29 (4):551.
  36.  18
    Living a Lie: Self-Deception, Habit, and Social Roles. [REVIEW]Jeff Mitchell - 2000 - Human Studies 23 (2):145-156.
    In this paper I give an account of self-deception by situating it within the theory of human conduct advanced by American pragmatists John Dewey and George Herbert Mead. After examining and rejecting the two most prevalent explanations of self-deception - namely, Sigmund Freud's psychoanalytic interpretation and Jean-Paul Sartre's phenomenological one - I provide a brief sketch of some of Dewey's and Mead's fundamental insights into the inherently social nature of mind.I argue that one of the main forms of self-deception involves (...)
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  37.  5
    Book Review: The Truth Machine: A Social History of the Lie Detector. [REVIEW]A. S. Balmer - 2013 - History of the Human Sciences 26 (5):155-161.
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  38.  2
    « Ne Pas Rester Lié À Sa Propre Rupture. » Solitude Et Communauté Dans la Pensée de Nietzsche.Céline Denat - 2011 - Phaenex 6 (2):29-70.
    Le philosophe, que caractérise selon Nietzsche la vertu d’indépendance, se trouve par là condamné à la solitude. Celle-ci toutefois ne doit pas être conçue de manière négative, comme un simple retrait hors du monde, ou comme un refus de toute relation et de toute altérité. L’individu n’est pas une substance, mais un complexe de forces, c’est-à-dire un « corps » qui est non seulement structuré à la manière d ’une communauté, mais aussi par les relations sociales externes dans lesquelles l’individu (...)
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  39. ALIED: A Theory of Lie Detection.Ciencia Cognitiva - forthcoming - Ciencia Cognitiva.
    Chris N. H. Street Behavioral and Social Sciences Department, University of Huddersfield, UK We are very inaccurate lie detectors, and … Read More →.
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  40. Lie Algebra Labels,[1,\ A 11 B] I If ABC 11 C.A. L. Completing - 2010 - In Harald Fritzsch & K. K. Phua (eds.), Proceedings of the Conference in Honour of Murray Gell-Mann's 80th Birthday. World Scientific. pp. 74.
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  41. "Interest Will Not Lie": A 17th-Century Political Maxim.J. A. W. Gunn - 1968 - Journal of the History of Ideas 29 (4):551.
  42. E.H. Carr and International Relations a Duty to Lie.Charles A. Jones - 1998
     
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  43. AHLBRANDT, G. And ZIEGLER, M., Quasi Finitely Axiomatiz-Able Totally Categorical Theories ASH, CJ and ROSENTHAL, JW, Intersections of Algebraically Closed Fields BAUDISCH, A., On Elementary Properties of Free Lie Algebras. [REVIEW]Jw Rosenthal & A. S. H. Cj - 1986 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 30:321.
     
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  44.  2
    Advancing Lie Detection by Inducing Cognitive Load on Liars: A Review of Relevant Theories and Techniques Guided by Lessons From Polygraph-Based Approaches. [REVIEW]Jeffrey J. Walczyk, Frank P. Igou, Alexa P. Dixon & Talar Tcholakian - 2013 - Frontiers in Psychology 4.
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  45.  2
    Single-Trial Lie Detection Using a Combined fNIRS-Polygraph System.M. Raheel Bhutta, Melissa J. Hong, Yun-Hee Kim & Keum-Shik Hong - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  46.  62
    An Alleged Right to Lie. A Problem in Kantian Ethics.H. J. Paton - 1954 - Kant-Studien 45 (1-4):190-203.
  47.  37
    Confirmation as a Probability: Dead but It Won't Lie Down!T. W. Settle - 1970 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 21 (2):200-201.
  48.  41
    The History of a Lie.David Cowan - 2003 - The Philosophers' Magazine 23 (23):50-50.
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  49.  24
    Ezekiel J. Emanuel, Christine C. Grady, Robert A. Crouch, Reidar K. Lie, Franklin G. Miller, and David D. Wendler (Eds.): The Oxford Textbook of Clinical Research Ethics. [REVIEW]Roger Stanev - 2012 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 33 (3):221-226.
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  50. Patterns of Usage for English SIT, STAND, and LIE: A Cognitively-Inspired Exploration in Corpus Linguistics.John Newman & Sally Rice - 2004 - Cognitive Linguistics 15 (3).
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