Results for 'Svein Anders Lie'

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Profile: Svein Anders Noer Lie (University of Tromsø)
  1.  48
    Causation and Evidence-Based Practive - an Ontological Review.Roger Kerry, Thor Eirik Eriksen, Svein Anders Noer Lie, Stephen Mumford & Rani Lill Anjum - 2012 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 18 (5):1006-1012.
    We claim that if a complete philosophy of evidence-based practice is intended, then attention to the nature of causation in health science is necessary. We identify how health science currently conceptualises causation by the way it prioritises some research methods over others. We then show how the current understanding of what causation is serves to constrain scientific progress. An alternative account of causation is offered. This is one of dispositionalism. We claim that by understanding causation from a dispositionalist stance, many (...)
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  2.  47
    At the Borders of Medical Reasoning: Aetiological and Ontological Challenges of Medically Unexplained Symptoms.Thor Eriksen, Roger Kerry, Stephen Mumford, Svein Anders Lie & Rani Lill Anjum - 2013 - Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 8 (1):11.
    Medically unexplained symptoms (MUS) remain recalcitrant to the medical profession, proving less suitable for homogenic treatment with respect to their aetiology, taxonomy and diagnosis. While the majority of existing medical research methods are designed for large scale population data and sufficiently homogenous groups, MUS are characterised by their heterogenic and complex nature. As a result, MUS seem to resist medical scrutiny in a way that other conditions do not. This paper approaches the problem of MUS from a philosophical point of (...)
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  3. Dispositions and Ethics.Rani Lill Anjum, Svein Anders Noer Lie & Stephen Mumford - manuscript
    What is the connection between dispositions and ethics? Some might think very little and those who are interested in dispositions tend to be metaphysicians whose interests are far from value. However, we argue in this paper that dispositions and dispositionality are central to ethics, indeed a precondition. Ethics rests on a number of notions that are either dispositional in nature or involve real dispositions or powers at work. We argue for a dispositional account of value that offers an alternative to (...)
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  4.  2
    Svein Anders Noer Lie, Philosophy of Nature: Rethinking Naturalness.Eric Katz - 2017 - Environmental Values 26 (1):111-113.
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  5.  5
    Problem Solving.Rudi Anders - 2015 - Australian Humanist, The 117:16.
    Anders, Rudi To solve a problem such as wars between nations and civil wars it is necessary to discover what causes the problem.
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  6.  71
    The Pathology of Freedom: An Essay on Non-Identification.Günther Anders - 2009 - Deleuze Studies 3 (2):278-310.
    In the twenty-second series of The Logic of Sense, Gilles Deleuze references a remarkable essay by Günther (Stern) Anders. Anders’ essay, translated here as ‘The Pathology of Freedom’, addresses the sickness and health of our negotiation with the negative anthropological condition of ‘not being cut out for the world’.
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  7.  1
    Exploring Belief.Rudi Anders - 2016 - Australian Humanist, The 124:17.
    Anders, Rudi I enjoy mixing with people who hold different beliefs from mine. Belief is a very complex and rather odd thing. I am particularly interested in the psychology of belief. Sometimes belief is the cause of terrible conflict and suffering.
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  8.  5
    Is Objectivity Possible?: Can Introspection Help?Rudi Anders - 2016 - Australian Humanist, The 120:17.
    Anders, Rudi Mathematics is objective and unambiguous, but as soon as mathematics is applied to anything in the human world, human values complicate the issues. Two apples for two people equals one apple for each person, but compassion for a starving person, or other human values, can alter the outcome.
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  9.  8
    Freedom and Mental Conditioning.Rudi Anders - 2015 - Australian Humanist, The 118:16.
    Anders, Rudi Mental conditioning is like gravity; it feels so normal and ever-present that it often goes unnoticed, but it influences much human behaviour. I am not free when I am not aware how my ideas and attitudes are absorbed from my culture, family, the media and peers. It takes courage to stand alone.
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  10.  10
    Beyond Words.Rudi Anders - 2015 - Australian Humanist, The 117:11.
    Anders, Rudi A Melbourne suburb A short speech Congratulations..
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  11.  2
    An Atheist's Meditation: Living in the Present.Rudi Anders - forthcoming - Australian Humanist, The 122:9.
    Anders, Rudi When I see a colourful sunset, my mind goes to a spectacular purple sunset I saw near the Mexican border many years ago. That memory stops me from being fully aware of the scene in front of me. No two sunsets are the same and my memory is stopping me from fully appreciating the spectacle before my eyes. Famous and spectacular places don't work for me because expectations and memories get in the way, but when I walk (...)
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  12.  3
    Faith and Tradition; My Faiths.Rudi Anders - 2016 - Australian Humanist, The 121:17.
    Anders, Rudi 1850 CE The British Invent a new rifle...
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  13.  6
    Stream of Humanist Consciousness.Rudi Anders - 2014 - Australian Humanist, The 113:16.
    Anders, Rudi Sometimes it is nice to do something totally unconnected to the usual bustle of life, such as a walk in the park. This time I visit a German Lutheran church in Melbourne; I have never entered it before. The exterior and interior consistently retain the traditional design. The bluestone gives it a sense of permanence - timelessness. I rarely like modern churches; mixing modern and traditional never works for me. This church is not large and has an (...)
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  14.  3
    Diversity in the Freethinker's Movement.Rudi Anders - 2015 - Australian Humanist, The 119:19.
    Anders, Rudi The articles in AH I like best are the ones with which I disagree to a greater or lesser degree, because they force me to re-think and clarify my position. One such article was by John Perkins, titled 'Let's admit that Islam is a problem'. Although the article is very well-written, and I admire John's fact-finding regarding Islam, I think he misses the elephant in the room. Namely, Christian Europe and North America killed far more people than (...)
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  15.  3
    Belonging.Rudi Anders - 2013 - Australian Humanist, The 112:20.
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  16.  13
    Priority Setting in Health Care: Lessons From the Experiences of Eight Countries.Lindsay M. Sabik & Reidar K. Lie - unknown
    All health care systems face problems of justice and efficiency related to setting priorities for allocating a limited pool of resources to a population. Because many of the central issues are the same in all systems, the United States and other countries can learn from the successes and failures of countries that have explicitly addressed the question of health care priorities. We review explicit priority setting efforts in Norway, Sweden, Israel, the Netherlands, Denmark, New Zealand, the United Kingdom and the (...)
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  17.  14
    The Standard of Care Debate: The Declaration of Helsinki Versus the International Consensus Opinion.R. K. Lie - 2004 - Journal of Medical Ethics 30 (2):190-193.
    The World Medical Association’s revised Declaration of Helsinki endorses the view that all trial participants in every country are entitled to the worldwide best standard of care. In this paper the authors show that this requirement has been rejected by every national and international committee that has examined this issue. They argue that the consensus view now holds that it is ethically permissible, in some circumstances, to provide research participants less than the worldwide best care. Finally, the authors show that (...)
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  18.  36
    Mind, Mortality and Material Being.Paul C. Anders - 2011 - Sophia 50 (1):25-37.
    Many religiously minded materialist philosophers have attempted to understand the doctrine of the survival of death from within a physicalist approach. Their goal is not to show the doctrine false, but to explain how it can be true. One such approach has been developed by Peter van Inwagen. After explaining what I call the duplication objection, I present van Inwagen’s proposal and show how a proponent might attempt to solve the problem of duplication. I argue that the very features of (...)
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  19.  50
    Principles Versus Procedures in Making Health Care Coverage Decisions: Addressing Inevitable Conflicts.Lindsay M. Sabik & Reidar K. Lie - 2008 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 29 (2):73-85.
    It has been suggested that focusing on procedures when setting priorities for health care avoids the conflicts that arise when attempting to agree on principles. A prominent example of this approach is “accountability for reasonableness.” We will argue that the same problem arises with procedural accounts; reasonable people will disagree about central elements in the process. We consider the procedural condition of appeal process and three examples of conflicts over coverage decisions: a patients’ rights law in Norway, health technologies coverage (...)
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  20.  7
    Attitudes Towards Transfers of Human Tissue Samples Across Borders: An International Survey of Researchers and Policy Makers in Five Countries.Xinqing Zhang, Kenji Matsui, Benjamin Krohmal, Alaa Zeid, Vasantha Muthuswamy, Young Koo, Yoshikuni Kita & Reidar K. Lie - 2010 - BMC Medical Ethics 11 (1):16-.
    Background: Sharing of tissue samples for research and disease surveillance purposes has become increasingly important. While it is clear that this is an area of intense, international controversy, there is an absence of data about what researchers themselves and those involved in the transfer of samples think about these issues, particularly in developing countries. Methods: A survey was carried out in a number of Asian countries and in Egypt to explore what researchers and others involved in research, storage and transfer (...)
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  21.  3
    Bioethical Implications of Globalization: An International Consortium Project of the European Commission.Thomas E. Novotny, Emilio Mordini, Ruth Chadwick, J. Martin Pedersen, Fabrizio Fabbri, Reidar K. Lie, Natapong Thanachaiboot, Elias Mossialos & Govin Permanand - 2066 - PLoS Med 3 (2):e43.
    The term “globalization” was popularized by Marshall McLuhan in War and Peace in the Global Village. In the book, McLuhan described how the global media shaped current events surrounding the Vietnam War [1] and also predicted how modern information and communication technologies would accelerate world progress through trade and knowledge development. Globalization now refers to a broad range of issues regarding the movement of goods and services through trade liberalization, and the movement of people through migration. Much has also been (...)
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  22.  16
    Evidence-Based Medicine as an Instrument for Rational Health Policy.Nikola Biller-Andorno, Reidar K. Lie & Ruud Ter Meulen - 2002 - Health Care Analysis 10 (3):261-275.
    This article tries to present a broad view on the values and ethicalissues that are at stake in efforts to rationalize health policy on thebasis of economic evaluations (like cost-effectiveness analysis) andrandomly controlled clinical trials. Though such a rationalization isgenerally seen as an objective and `value free' process, moral valuesoften play a hidden role, not only in the production of `evidence', butalso in the way this evidence is used in policy making. For example, thedefinition of effectiveness of medical treatment or (...)
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  23.  7
    Ethics of Placebo Controlled Trials in Developing Countries.Reidar K. Lie - 1998 - Bioethics 12 (4):307–311.
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  24.  62
    Parietal Somatosensory Association Cortex Mediates Affective Blindsight.Silke Anders, Niels Birbaumer, Bettina Sadowski, Michael Erb, Irina Mader, Wolfgang Grodd & Martin Lotze - 2004 - Nature Neuroscience 7 (4):339-340.
  25.  1
    Research Ethics and Evidence Based Medicine.R. K. Lie - 2004 - Journal of Medical Ethics 30 (2):122-125.
    In this paper, the author argues that the requirement to conduct randomised clinical trials to inform policy in cases where one wants to identify a cheaper alternative to known effective but expensive interventions raises an important ethical issue. This situation will eventually arise whenever there are resource constraints, and a policy decision has been made not to fund an intervention on cost effectiveness grounds. It has been thought that this is an issue only in extremely resource poor settings. This paper (...)
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  26.  20
    The 'Borderzone Zone' Controversy a Study of Theory Structure in Biomedicine.Reidar Krummradt Lie - 1986 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 7 (3).
    This paper gives an account of theory structure in the biomedical sciences with particular emphasis on cardiology. Rather than regarding theories as axiomatizable sets of statements (the so-called received view), theories are regarded as answers to questions which are accepted as legitimate and interesting by scientists within a field of investigation at a given time. This account of theory structure is used to distinguish between theories which are quite liable to be revised during the course of scientific investigation, here called (...)
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  27.  12
    Reviews. [REVIEW]Wolfgang U. Eckart, Marion Weber, Reidar Krummradt Lie & Reidar K. Lie - 1988 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 9 (3).
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  28.  46
    Emotion and Reality.Guenther Stern Anders - 1950 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 10 (4):553-562.
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  29.  16
    The Use of Interval Estimators as a Basis for Decision-Making in Medicine.Reidar K. Lie - 1984 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 5 (3).
    Decision analysts sometimes use the results of clinical trials in order to evaluate treatment alternatives. I discuss some problems associated with this, and in particular I point out that it is not valid to use the estimates from clinical trials as the probabilities of events which are needed for decision analysis. I also attempt to show that an approach based on objective statistical theory may have advantages over commonly used methods based on decision theory. These advantages include the recognition of (...)
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  30.  25
    Patterns of Theory Change in Biomedicine: A Case Study From Cardiology.Reidar K. Lie - 1991 - Synthese 89 (1):75 - 88.
    This article presents a case study from the history of cardiology, namely, the development towards the acceptance of the coronary theory of angina pectoris. I show that the arguments which were considered decisive against the theory were not answered at the time the theory was accepted. I also point out that the experimental and practical success of the theory cannot be used to support the initial choice because, in the subsequent development, the field researchers became preoccupied with new questions and (...)
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  31.  24
    The Importance of Epistemology for Clinical Practice.Paola Cuzzani & Reidar K. Lie - 1991 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 12 (1):87-90.
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  32.  21
    Book Reviews. [REVIEW]Reidar K. Lie & John Root Stone - 1989 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 10 (3).
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  33.  20
    The Fair Benefits Approach Revisited.Reidar K. Lie - 2010 - Hastings Center Report 40 (4):3-3.
    In this issue, Alex London and Kevin Zollman provide an analysis of an influential approach to the ethics of international research, known as the “fair benefits” approach. According to them, the fair benefits approach suffers from a fatal flaw: it is either too vague to be useful, or worse, is internally inconsistent. The fair benefits approach was developed based on a presentation I gave at a workshop organized in Malawi in March 2001 by the National Institutes of Health Clinical Center’s (...)
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  34.  18
    In Defense of Natural Theology: A Post-Humean Assessment.Paul C. Anders - 2008 - Faith and Philosophy 25 (1):102-106.
  35.  12
    Review. [REVIEW]Reidar K. Lie - 1987 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 2 (2).
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  36.  3
    The Ethics of the Physician-Patient Relationship.Reidar Lie - 1997 - Ethical Perspectives 4 (4):263-270.
    It is a remarkable fact about the development of medical ethics from the 1960s until today that there has been a dramatic shift from a position where it was taken for granted that the physician knows best, to a position where much greater emphasis is put on the patient’s treatment preferences. This shift is evident with regard to physician attitudes towards disclosing a cancer diagnosis. For example, in 1961, a survey of cancer physicians showed that almost 90% of the physicians (...)
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  37. Aporetic Approach to Husserl's Reflections on Time.John Anders - 2010 - In Pol Vandevelde & Sebastian Luft (eds.), Epistemology, Archaeology, Ethics: Current Investigations of Husserl's Corpus. Continuum.
    This chapter will examine two puzzles that percolate Husserl’s On the Phenomenology of the Consciousness of Internal Time (PITC). They concern: (1) whether or not memory is pictorial and (2) whether or not the temporal determinations (past, now, future, etc.) are categories. Considering these aporetic discussions helps us to understand the time diagrams Husserl uses, as well as some of the motivation behind Husserl’s talk of the two intentionalities of retention and his talk of the time-constituting flow. Moreover, this approach (...)
     
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  38.  6
    Healthy Thoughts: European Perspectives on Health Care Ethics.Reidar Krummradt Lie (ed.) - 2002 - Peeters.
    This book, edited by a team of leading European bioethicists, is in all respects an innovative publication.
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  39.  19
    Causation in Evidence-Based Medicine: In Reply to Strand and Parkkinen.Roger Kerry, Thor E. Eriksen, Svein A. Noer Lie, Stephen Mumford & Rani L. Anjum - 2014 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 20 (6):985-987.
  40. The Comparative Advantages of Brain-Based Lie Detection: The P300 Concealed Information Test and Pre-Trial Bargaining.John Danaher - 2015 - International Journal of Evidence and Proof 19 (1).
    The lie detector test has long been treated with suspicion by the law. Recently, several authors have called this suspicion into question. They argue that the lie detector test may have considerable forensic benefits, particularly if we move past the classic, false-positive prone, autonomic nervous system-based (ANS-based) control question test, to the more reliable, brain-based, concealed information test. These authors typically rely on a “comparative advantage” argument to make their case. According to this argument, we should not be so suspicious (...)
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  41.  24
    Multiculturalism, or the Vile Logic of Late Secularism. The Case of Anders Breivik.Ignaas Devisch - 2016 - Symposion. Theoretical and Applied Inquiries in Philosophy and Social Sciences 3 (3):293-308.
    More than four years ago, Anders Breivik launched his apocalyptic raid in Norway. His killing raid was not an action standing on its own but a statement to invite people to read his manifesto called 2083. A European Declaration of Independence. The highly despicable and disgusting mission of Anders Breivik addresses us whether we like it or not. Maybe there are good reasons to read and analyze Breivik’s ‘oration?’ He confronts us with many questions we cannot simply run (...)
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  42.  14
    Bang Bang - A Response to Vincent W.J. Van Gerven Oei.Jeremy Fernando - 2011 - Continent 1 (3):224-228.
    On 22 July, 2011, we were confronted with the horror of the actions of Anders Behring Breivik. The instant reaction, as we have seen with similar incidents in the past—such as the Oklahoma City bombings—was to attempt to explain the incident. Whether the reasons given were true or not were irrelevant: the fact that there was a reason was better than if there were none. We should not dismiss those that continue to cling on to the initial claims of (...)
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  43.  28
    The Lie of Fmri: An Examination of the Ethics of a Market in Lie Detection Using Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging. [REVIEW]Amy E. White - 2010 - HEC Forum 22 (3):253-266.
    In this paper, I argue that companies who use functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (fMRI) scans for lie detection encounter the same basic ethical stumbling blocks as commercial companies that market traditional polygraphs. Markets in traditional voluntary polygraphs are common and fail to elicit much uproar among ethicists. Thus, for consistency, if markets in polygraphs are ethically unproblematic, markets using fMRIs for lie detection are equally as acceptable. Furthermore, while I acknowledge two substantial differences between the ethical concerns involving polygraphs and (...)
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  44.  14
    Other Worlds.Jaroslav Peregrin - manuscript
    Wenn es aber Wirklichkeitssinn gibt, und niemand wird bezweifeln, daß er seine Daseinsberechtigung hat, dann muß es auch etwas geben, das man Möglichkeitssinn nennen kann. Wer ihn besitzt, sagt beispielsweise nicht: Hier ist dies oder das geschehen, wird geschehen, muß geschehen; sondern er erfindet: Hier könnte, sollte oder müßte geschehn; und wenn man ihm von irgend etwas erklärt, daß es so sei, wie es sei, dann denkt er: Nun, es könnte wahrscheinlich auch anders sein. So ließe sich der Möglichkeitssinn (...)
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  45.  2
    Anthropology in the Age of Technology: The Philosophical Contribution of Günther Anders.Dijk Paul van (ed.) - 2000 - Brill | Rodopi.
    This book is the first to discuss, for an English-speaking audience, the ideas of the German-Jewish man of letters, thinker, and activist Günther Anders. Anders is one of few philosophers to deal intensely with the moral consequences of Auschwitz and Hiroshima. He can rightly be called the philosopher of the atomic age, and his thinking a philosophy of modern technology. In biting manifestoes, sharp aphorisms, and penetrating essays, in stirring diary notes and political fables, Anders strikes out (...)
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  46. En Filosofibok Tillägnad Anders Wedberg. --.Anders Wedberg - 1978
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  47.  33
    Neural Lie Detection, Criterial Change, and OrdinaryLanguage.Thomas Nadelhoffer - 2011 - Neuroethics 4 (3):205-213.
    Michael Pardo and Dennis Patterson have recently put forward several provocative and stimulating criticisms that strike at the heart of much work that has been done at the crossroads of neuroscience and the law. My goal in this essay is to argue that their criticisms of the nascent but growing field of neurolaw are ultimately based on questionable assumptions concerning the nature of the ever evolving relationship between scientific discovery and ordinary language. For while the marriage between ordinary language and (...)
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  48.  2
    The Nature of Errors in Experimental Lie Detection.D. Van Buskirk & F. L. Marcuse - 1954 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 47 (3):187.
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  49. Weltzustand Technik Ein Vergleich der Technikphilosophien von Günther Anders Und Martin Heidegger.Helmut Hildebrandt - 1990
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  50. How the Laws of Physics Lie.Nancy Cartwright - 1983 - Oxford University Press.
    In this sequence of philosophical essays about natural science, the author argues that fundamental explanatory laws, the deepest and most admired successes of modern physics, do not in fact describe regularities that exist in nature. Cartwright draws from many real-life examples to propound a novel distinction: that theoretical entities, and the complex and localized laws that describe them, can be interpreted realistically, but the simple unifying laws of basic theory cannot.
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