Results for 'Sven Buth'

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  1.  24
    Comparative Analysis of Potential Risk Factors for at-Risk Gambling, Problem Gambling and Gambling Disorder among Current Gamblers—Results of the Austrian Representative Survey 2015.Sven Buth, Friedrich M. Wurst, Natasha Thon, Harald Lahusen & Jens Kalke - 2017 - Frontiers in Psychology 8.
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  2.  58
    Parameters for Change in Offline Gambling Behavior After the First COVID-19 Lockdown in Germany.Jens Kalke, Christian Schütze, Harald Lahusen & Sven Buth - 2022 - Frontiers in Psychology 13.
    IntroductionIn spring 2020, the first nationwide lockdown in response to the spreading COVID-19 pandemic came into effect in Germany. From March to May, gambling venues, casinos, and betting offices were forced to close. This study explores how land-based gamblers respond to short-term closures of higher-risk forms of gambling. Which gamblers are particularly susceptible to switching to online gambling? Which are more likely to use the lockdown as an opportunity to quit or pause gambling? Potential parameters for these switching or cessation (...)
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  3.  74
    Safety is more than the antonym of risk.Niklas Möller, Sven Ove Hansson & Martin Peterson - 2006 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 23 (4):419–432.
    abstract Even though much research has been devoted to studies of safety, the concept of safety is in itself under‐theorised, especially concerning its relation to epistemic uncertainty. In this paper we propose a conceptual analysis of safety. The paper explores the distinc‐tion between absolute and relative safety, as well as that between objective and subjective safety. Four potential dimensions of safety are discussed, viz. harm, probability, epistemic uncertainty, and control. The first three of these are used in the proposed definition (...)
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  4.  17
    Shaping Social Media Minds: Scaffolding Empathy in Digitally Mediated Interactions?Carmen Mossner & Sven Walter - forthcoming - Topoi:1-14.
    Empathy is an integral aspect of human existence. Without at least a basic ability to access others’ affective life, social interactions would be well-nigh impossible. Yet, recent studies seem to show that the means we have acquired to access others’ emotional life no longer function well in what has become our everyday business – technologically mediated interactions in digital spaces. If this is correct, there are two important questions: (1) What makes empathy for frequent internet users so difficult? and (2) (...)
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  5. Kernel contraction.Sven Ove Hansson - 1994 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 59 (3):845-859.
    Kernel contraction is a natural nonrelational generalization of safe contraction. All partial meet contractions are kernel contractions, but the converse relationship does not hold. Kernel contraction is axiomatically characterized. It is shown to be better suited than partial meet contraction for formal treatments of iterated belief change.
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  6. New operators for theory change.Sven Ove Hansson - 1989 - Theoria 55 (2):114.
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  7.  22
    Neuroethics for Fantasyland or for the Clinic? The Limitations of Speculative Ethics.Sven Ove Hansson - 2020 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 29 (4):630-641.
    What purpose can be served by empirically unsubstantiated speculation in ethics? In answering that question, we need to distinguish between the major branches of ethics. In foundational moral philosophy, the use of speculative examples is warranted to the extent that ethical principles and theories are assumed to be applicable even under the extreme circumstances referred to in these examples. Such an assumption is in need of justification, and it cannot just be taken for granted. In applied ethics, the use of (...)
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  8.  77
    The limits of precaution.Sven Ove Hansson - 1997 - Foundations of Science 2 (2):293-306.
    The maximin rule can be used as a formal version of the precautionary principle. This paper evaluates the feasibility and the intuitive plausibility of this decision rule. The major conclusions are: (1) Precaution has to be applied symmetrically. (2) Precaution is only possible when outcomes are comparable in terms of value, so that it can be determined which outcome is worst. (3) Precaution is sensitive to standards of possibility. Far-away scenarios have to be excluded, and it is difficult to find (...)
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  9. Defining pseudo-science.Sven Ove Hansson - 1996 - Philosophia Naturalis 33 (1):169-176.
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  10.  22
    Hegel and the enlightenment project.Chairperson Douglas Moggach & Sven-Eric Lledman - 1997 - The European Legacy 2 (3):538-543.
  11.  30
    Hegel and the enlightenment project.Douglas Moggach & Sven‐Eric Lledman - 1997 - The European Legacy 2 (3):538-543.
  12.  74
    Multiple and iterated contraction reduced to single-step single-sentence contraction.Sven Ove Hansson - 2010 - Synthese 173 (2):153-177.
    Multiple contraction (simultaneous contraction by several sentences) and iterated contraction are investigated in the framework of specified meet contraction (s.m.c.) that is extended for this purpose. Multiple contraction is axiomatized, and so is finitely multiple contraction (contraction by a finite set of sentences). Two ways to reduce finitely multiple contraction to contraction by single sentences are introduced. The reduced operations are axiomatically characterized and their properties are investigated. Furthermore, it is shown how iterated contraction can be reduced to single-step, single-sentence (...)
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  13.  25
    Outcome level analysis of belief contraction.Sven Ove Hansson - 2013 - Review of Symbolic Logic 6 (2):183-204.
    The outcome set of a belief change operator is the set of outcomes that can be obtained with it. Axiomatic characterizations are reported for the outcome sets of the standard AGM contraction operators and eight types of base-generated contraction. These results throw new light on the properties of some of these operators.
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  14. Philosophy and other disciplines.Sven Ove Hansson - 2008 - Metaphilosophy 39 (4-5):472-483.
    Abstract: This article offers a perspective on the role of philosophy in relation to other academic disciplines and to society in general. Among the issues treated are the delimitation of philosophy, whether it is a science, its role in the community of knowledge disciplines, its losses of subject matter to other disciplines, how it is influenced by social changes and by progress in other disciplines, and its role in interdisciplinary work. It is concluded that philosophy has an important mission in (...)
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  15.  81
    Safe Contraction Revisited.Hans Rott & Sven Ove Hansson - 2014 - In Sven Ove Hansson (ed.), David Makinson on Classical Methods for Non-Classical Problems (Outstanding Contributions to Logic, Vol. 3). Dordrecht: Springer. pp. 35–70.
    Modern belief revision theory is based to a large extent on partial meet contraction that was introduced in the seminal article by Carlos Alchourrón, Peter Gärdenfors, and David Makinson that appeared in 1985. In the same year, Alchourrón and Makinson published a significantly different approach to the same problem, called safe contraction. Since then, safe contraction has received much less attention than partial meet contraction. The present paper summarizes the current state of knowledge on safe contraction, provides some new results (...)
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  16.  48
    Maximal and perimaximal contraction.Sven Ove Hansson - 2013 - Synthese 190 (16):3325-3348.
    Generalizations of partial meet contraction are introduced that start out from the observation that only some of the logically closed subsets of the original belief set are at all viable as contraction outcomes. Belief contraction should proceed by selection among these viable options. Several contraction operators that are based on such selection mechanisms are introduced and then axiomatically characterized. These constructions are more general than the belief base approach. It is shown that partial meet contraction is exactly characterized by adding (...)
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  17. Ethics and radiation protection.Sven Ore Hansson - manuscript
    Some of the major problems in radiation protection are closely connected to issues that have a long, independent tradition in moral philosophy. This contribution focuses on two of these issues. One is the relationship between the protection of individuals and optimisation on the collective level, and the other is the relative valuation of future versus immediate damage. Some of the intellectual tools that have been developed by philosophers can be useful in radiation protection. On the other hand, philosophers have much (...)
     
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  18.  28
    Nicolas de Condorcet as a forerunner of John Rawls.Sven Ove Hansson - 2022 - History of European Ideas 48 (1):97-111.
    ABSTRACT John Rawls proposed two criteria for the delimitation of acceptable inequalities. The universal gain principle requires inequalities to be beneficial for all, and the difference principle requires them to be beneficial for the least advantaged. These principles are commonly believed to have originated in Rawls’s work, but they were both clearly expressed in the writings of Nicolas de Condorcet. Contrary to Rawls, Condorcet did not imbed them in the framework of a social contract, but instead sought their foundations in (...)
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  19.  41
    The modes of value.Sven Ove Hansson - 2001 - Philosophical Studies 104 (1):33 - 46.
    Contrary to the received view, decision theory is not primarily devoted to instrumental (ends-to-means) reasoning. Instead, its major preoccupation is the derivation of ends from other ends. Given preferences over basic alternatives, it constructs preferences over alternatives that have been modified through the addition of value object modifiers (modes) that specify probability, uncertainty, distance in time etc. A typology of the decision-theoretical modes is offered. The modes do not have (even extrinsic) value, but they transform the value of objects to (...)
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  20. Is Anthroposophy Science?Sven Ove Hansson - 1991 - Conceptus: Zeitschrift Fur Philosophie 25 (64):1991.
  21.  16
    Norms and Values.Sven Ove Hansson - 1991 - Critica 23 (67):3-13.
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  22. Handbuch Kognitionswissenschaft. Metzler, Stuttgart, S. , 2013.Achim Stephan & Sven Walter (eds.) - 2013 - Metzler.
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  23. In memoriam Casimir lepszy.Sven Stelling-Michaud - forthcoming - Bibliothèque d'Humanisme Et Renaissance.
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  24.  65
    Philosophy and Public Policy.Sven Ove Hansson - 2012 - Theoria 78 (2):89-92.
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  25. Konsten att vara vetenskaplig.Sven Ove Hansson & I. I. I. Carmen - unknown
    Förord .................................................................................................... ............... 4 1 Vilken kunskap vill vi ha?................................................................................ 6..
     
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  26.  13
    Gnothi sauton: Festschrift für Arbogast Schmitt zum 75. Geburtstag.Brigitte Kappl, Sven Meier & Arbogast Schmitt (eds.) - 2018 - Heidelberg: Universitätsverlag Winter.
    Gnothi sauton - Erkenne dich selbst! Das Streben nach Erkenntnis und Selbsterkenntnis, das nach antiker Auffassung der Gott selbst in dieser Aufforderung dem Menschen ans Herz legt, bildet ein zentrales Moment von Arbogast Schmitts jahrzehntelanger Beschaftigung mit antiker Literatur und Philosophie, die zugleich immer auch eine kritische Auseinandersetzung mit modernen Konzepten und Positionen darstellt. Die vorliegende Festschrift vereint zwolf neue Beitrage zur antiken Philosophie, Literatur und Literaturtheorie, in denen Schuler, Freunde und Weggefahrten Arbogast Schmitts dieses Erkenntnisstreben beantworten und fortsetzen. Mit (...)
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  27. Kan moralfilosofin hantera riskproblemen?Sven Ove Hansson - manuscript
    Den moralfilosofiska traditionen har sina begränsningar. De frågor som stått i centrum för den moralfilosofiska diskussionen har ofta varit helt andra än de som människor i det praktiska livet har uppfattat som centrala moraliska problem. En viktig begränsning är att moralfilosofin, liksom beslutsteorin, nästan uteslutande har handlat om hur man hanterar välavgränsade problem där handlingsalternativen är givna. I det verkliga livet löser vi ofta moraliska problem genom att finna på nya handlingsalternativ, som inte fanns med från början.1 En annan begränsning (...)
     
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  28.  75
    Philosophy – a Domain for the White Male Genius?Sven Ove Hansson - 2015 - Theoria 81 (3):189-191.
  29.  13
    Editorial: Theoria Goes Quarterly.Sven Ove Hansson - 2005 - Theoria 71 (1):1-2.
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  30. Essentially inconsistent concepts.Sven Ove Hansson - 2000 - Conceptus: Zeitschrift Fur Philosophie 33 (82):57-66.
     
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  31.  30
    The Moral Oracle’s Test.Sven Ove Hansson - 2014 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 17 (4):643-651.
    When presented with a situation involving an agent’s choice between alternative actions, a moral oracle says what the agent is allowed to do. The oracle bases her advice on some moral theory, but the nature of that theory is not known by us. The moral oracle’s test consists in determining whether a series of questions to the oracle can be so constructed that her answers will reveal which of two given types of theories she adheres to. The test can be (...)
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  32.  13
    What if, and when? Conditionals, tense, and branching time.Antje Rumberg & Sven Lauer - 2023 - Linguistics and Philosophy 46 (3):533-565.
    Indicative conditionals with present tense antecedents can have ‘shifted’ readings that are unexpected given the semantic behavior of the tenses outside of conditionals. In this paper, we compare two accounts of this phenomenon due to Kaufmann (J Semant 22(3):231–280, 2005) and Schulz (SALT XVIII, pp. 694–710, 2008), by reconstructing them in the framework of branching time. We then propose a novel account of indicative conditionals based on the branching time semantics suggested in Rumberg (J Logic Lang Inf 25(1):77–108, 2016), viz. (...)
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  33.  53
    Philosophy and Intercultural Dialogue.Sven Ove Hansson - 2013 - Theoria 79 (2):93-95.
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  34. Objective or subjective 'ought'?Sven Ove Hansson - 2010 - Utilitas 22 (1):33-35.
    The prescriptive has both an objective and a subjective interpretation. In the objective sense, what one ought to do depends on what is actually true. In the subjective sense it depends on what one believes to be true. Ordinary usage seems to vacillate between these two interpretations. An example (the indecisive terrorist) is used to show that a subjective ought statement can have a determinate truth-value in situations where the corresponding objective ought statement has no truth-value, not even an unknowable (...)
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  35.  19
    Verzeichnis der Doktoranden und Habilitanden Rüdiger Voigts.Sven Römer-Hillebrecht, Thomas Drysch, Karin Weiß, Ulrich Müller, Martin Seybold, Guido Pöllmann, Erhard Treutner, Peter Nahamowitz, Nikolaus Dimmel & Stefan Machura - 2006 - In Ralf Walkenhaus & Rüdiger Voigt (eds.), Staat Im Wandel: Festschrift für Rüdiger Voigt Zum 65. Geburtstag. Franz Steiner.
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  36.  10
    Om Bo Rothstein: forskaren, debattören, livsnjutaren.Bo Rothstein, Sven Engström & Sven E. O. Hort (eds.) - 2019 - Lund: Arkiv förlag.
    I väntan på den engelska Festschriften, den definitiva biografin eller de självförhärligande memoarerna kommer här för första gången en samling porträtt av den internationellt mest uppmärksammade svenska statsvetaren, den kontroversielle samhällsdebattören Bo Rothstein. Få samhällsforskare har med sådan intensitet tagit universitetens tredje uppgift till intäkt för att ifrågasätta gängse uppfattningar om sakernas tillstånd i riket. Många är de läsare, tittare eller åhörare som knappast kunnat undgå att beröras av hans synpunkter på allt från metoo till tiggeri, något färre är nog (...)
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  37.  14
    Adiposity Related Brain Plasticity Induced by Bariatric Surgery.Michael Rullmann, Sven Preusser, Sindy Poppitz, Stefanie Heba, Konstantinos Gousias, Jana Hoyer, Tatjana Schütz, Arne Dietrich, Karsten Müller, Mohammed K. Hankir & Burkhard Pleger - 2019 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 13.
  38.  12
    Janusz Korczak and the Century of the Child.Sven G. Hartman - 1997 - Dialogue and Universalism 7 (9):135-142.
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  39.  10
    Preference and Choice.Sven Ove Hansson - 2012 - In Sven Ove Hansson & Vincent F. Hendricks (eds.), Introduction to Formal Philosophy. Cham: Springer. pp. 535-548.
    Preferences and choices have central roles in moral philosophy, economics, and the decision sciences in general. In a formal language we can express and explore the properties of preferences, choices, and their interrelations in a precise way, and uncover connections that are inaccessible without formal tools. In this chapter, the plausibility of different such properties is discussed, and it is shown how close attention to the logical details can help dissolve some apparent paradoxes in informal and semi-formal treatments.
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  40. David Makinson on Classical Methods for Non-Classical Problems (Outstanding Contributions to Logic, Vol. 3).Sven Ove Hansson (ed.) - 2014 - Springer.
     
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  41.  18
    David Makinson on Classical Methods for Non-Classical Problems.Sven Ove Hansson (ed.) - 2013 - Dordrecht, Netherland: Springer.
    The volume analyses and develops David Makinson’s efforts to make classical logic useful outside its most obvious application areas. The book contains chapters that analyse, appraise, or reshape Makinson’s work and chapters that develop themes emerging from his contributions. These are grouped into major areas to which Makinsons has made highly influential contributions and the volume in its entirety is divided into four sections, each devoted to a particular area of logic: belief change, uncertain reasoning, normative systems and the resources (...)
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  42.  32
    Editorial: Rationality and Emotions.Sven Ove Hansson - forthcoming - Theoria.
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  43.  8
    Misconstrued arguments about cultural theory.Sven Ove Hansson - 2022 - European Journal for Philosophy of Science 12 (3):1-4.
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  44.  19
    Mistakes in Philosophy.Sven Ove Hansson - 2017 - Theoria 83 (4):295-297.
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  45. No Title available: Reviews.Sven Ove Hansson - 1999 - Economics and Philosophy 15 (2):307-311.
  46.  18
    Preferences and Alternatives.Sven Ove Hansson - 1999 - Critica 31 (92):53-66.
  47.  27
    Philosophy as a Unifying Discipline.Sven Ove Hansson - 2001 - Theoria 67 (2):93-95.
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  48.  14
    Philosophy and Alternative Realities.Sven Ove Hansson - 2021 - Theoria 87 (1):3-6.
    Theoria, Volume 87, Issue 1, Page 3-6, February 2021.
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  49.  56
    Philosophy and Freedom of Speech.Sven Ove Hansson - 2016 - Theoria 82 (1):1-2.
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  50.  75
    Philosophy and Linguistic Relativity.Sven Ove Hansson - 2014 - Theoria 80 (3):201-204.
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