Results for 'Sven Jakob Nordstrand'

989 found
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  1.  31
    Medical students’ attitudes towards conscientious objection: a survey.Sven Jakob Nordstrand, Magnus Andreas Nordstrand, Per Nortvedt & Morten Magelssen - 2014 - Journal of Medical Ethics 40 (9):609-612.
    Objective To examine medical students’ views on conscientious objection and controversial medical procedures.Methods Questionnaire study among Norwegian 5th and 6th year medical students.Results Five hundred and thirty-one of 893 students responded. Respondents object to a range of procedures not limited to abortion —notably euthanasia, ritual circumcision for boys, assisted reproduction for same-sex couples and ultrasound in the setting of prenatal diagnosis. A small minority would object to referrals for abortion. In the case of abortion, up to 55% would tolerate conscientious (...)
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  2.  3
    Preface.Lisa Benossi, Sven Bernecker & Jakob Ohlhorst - 2022 - History of Philosophy & Logical Analysis 25 (1):1-2.
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  3.  7
    Caring for Coronavirus Healthcare Workers: Lessons Learned From Long-Term Monitoring of Military Peacekeepers.Christer Lunde Gjerstad, Hans Jakob Bøe, Erik Falkum, Andreas Espetvedt Nordstrand, Arnfinn Tønnesen, Jon Gerhard Reichelt & June Ullevoldsæter Lystad - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
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  4. In so Many Words Philosophical Essays Dedicated to Sven Danielsson on the Occasion of His Fiftieth Birthday.Sven Danielsson, Wldzimierz Rabinowicz, M. Sten Lindstro & Filosofiska föreningen - 1989 - Philosophical Society and the Dept. Of Philosophy, University of Uppsala.
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  5.  6
    Studia philosophica in honorem Sven Krohn, septuagesimum annum complentis, 9.V.1973.Sven Krohn - 1973
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  6. The Bounds of Cognition.Sven Walter - 2001 - Philosophical Psychology 14 (2):43-64.
    An alarming number of philosophers and cognitive scientists have argued that mind extends beyond the brain and body. This book evaluates these arguments and suggests that, typically, it does not. A timely and relevant study that exposes the need to develop a more sophisticated theory of cognition, while pointing to a bold new direction in exploring the nature of cognition Articulates and defends the “mark of the cognitive”, a common sense theory used to distinguish between cognitive and non-cognitive processes Challenges (...)
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  7. The Predictive Mind.Jakob Hohwy - 2013 - Oxford, GB: Oxford University Press UK.
    A new theory is taking hold in neuroscience. It is the theory that the brain is essentially a hypothesis-testing mechanism, one that attempts to minimise the error of its predictions about the sensory input it receives from the world. It is an attractive theory because powerful theoretical arguments support it, and yet it is at heart stunningly simple. Jakob Hohwy explains and explores this theory from the perspective of cognitive science and philosophy. The key argument throughout The Predictive Mind (...)
  8.  10
    Sven Krohn.Sven Krohn - 1960 - Atti Del XII Congresso Internazionale di Filosofia 2:487-488.
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  9.  10
    Sven Krohn.Sven Krohn - 1960 - Atti Del XII Congresso Internazionale di Filosofia 3:479-479.
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  10.  56
    Humans and Robots: Ethics, Agency, and Anthropomorphism.Sven Nyholm - 2020 - Rowman & Littlefield International.
    This book argues that we need to explore how human beings can best coordinate and collaborate with robots in responsible ways. It investigates ethically important differences between human agency and robot agency to work towards an ethics of responsible human-robot interaction.
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  11. Entangled States Jakob Sprickerhof.Jakob Sprickerhof - 2013 - In Tilman Sauer & Adrian Wüthrich (eds.), New Vistas on Old Problems. Max Planck Research Library for the History and Development of Knowledge. pp. 59.
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  12.  9
    El sistema penal normativista en el mundo contemporáneo: libro homenaje al profesor Günther Jakobs en su 70 aniversario.Günther Jakobs, Eduardo Montealegre Lynett, Caro John & José Antonio (eds.) - 2008 - Bogotá: Universidad Externado de Colombia.
    A diferencia de todos los demás sistemas de imputación, Jakobs ubica el acento de la relevancia jurídico-penal del hecho en su significado normativo, como algo que trasciende la mera causalidad exterior y la finalidad del autor, de manera que lo decisivo para la imputación jurídico-penal no es ni lo psíquicoreal querido por el autor, ni la causalidad desplegada por su conducta, sino el significado normativo de esa conducta como la expresión de un sentido objetivo de desautorización de la vigencia de (...)
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  13. Memory: A Philosophical Study.Sven Bernecker - 2010 - Oxford, GB: Oxford University Press.
    Sven Bernecker presents an analysis of the concept of propositional (or factual) memory, and examines a number of metaphysical and epistemological issues crucial to the understanding of memory. -/- Bernecker argues that memory, unlike knowledge, implies neither belief nor justification. There are instances where memory, though hitting the mark of truth, succeeds in an epistemically defective way. This book shows that, contrary to received wisdom in epistemology, memory not only preserves epistemic features generated by other epistemic sources but also (...)
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  14. Measuring Belief and Risk Attitude.Sven Neth - 2019 - Electronic Proceedings in Theoretical Computer Science 297:354–364.
    Ramsey (1926) sketches a proposal for measuring the subjective probabilities of an agent by their observable preferences, assuming that the agent is an expected utility maximizer. I show how to extend the spirit of Ramsey's method to a strictly wider class of agents: risk-weighted expected utility maximizers (Buchak 2013). In particular, I show how we can measure the risk attitudes of an agent by their observable preferences, assuming that the agent is a risk-weighted expected utility maximizer. Further, we can leverage (...)
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  15.  7
    Jakob Zwillings Nachlass, eine Rekonstruktion: mit Beiträgen zur Geschichte des spekulativen Denkens.Jakob Zwilling - 1986 - Bonn: Bouvier. Edited by Dieter Henrich & Christoph Jamme.
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  16. Frege, relativism and faultless disagreement.Sven Rosenkranz - 2008 - In G. Carpintero & M. Koelbel (eds.), Relative Truth. Oxford University Press. pp. 225.
  17. Die Lehre des deutschen Philosophen Jakob Böhme.Jakob Bhohme & Julius Hamberger - 1844 - Hildesheim: Gerstenberg. Edited by Julius Wilhelm Franz Hamberger.
  18. From Sex Robots to Love Robots: Is Mutual Love with a Robot Possible?Sven Nyholm & Lily Frank - 2017 - In John Danaher & Neil McArthur (eds.), Robot Sex: Social and Ethical Implications. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. pp. 219-244.
    Some critics of sex-robots worry that their use might spread objectifying attitudes about sex, and common sense places a higher value on sex within love-relationships than on casual sex. If there could be mutual love between humans and sex-robots, this could help to ease the worries about objectifying attitudes. And mutual love between humans and sex-robots, if possible, could also help to make this sex more valuable. But is mutual love between humans and robots possible, or even conceivable? We discuss (...)
     
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  19.  4
    Realität und Begriff: Festschrift für Jakob Barion zum 95. Geburtstag.Jakob Barion & Peter Baumanns - 1993
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  20. Better Foundations for Subjective Probability.Sven Neth - forthcoming - Australasian Journal of Philosophy.
    How do we ascribe subjective probability? In decision theory, this question is often addressed by representation theorems, going back to Ramsey (1926), which tell us how to define or measure subjective probability by observable preferences. However, standard representation theorems make strong rationality assumptions, in particular expected utility maximization. How do we ascribe subjective probability to agents which do not satisfy these strong rationality assumptions? I present a representation theorem with weak rationality assumptions which can be used to define or measure (...)
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  21.  13
    Phonotactic cues for segmentation of fluent speech by infants.Sven L. Mattys & Peter W. Jusczyk - 2001 - Cognition 78 (2):91-121.
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  22.  13
    Justification as Ignorance: An Essay in Epistemology.Sven Rosenkranz - 2021 - Oxford, United Kingdom: Oxford University Press.
    Justification as Ignorance offers an original account of epistemic justification as both non-factive and luminous, vindicating core internalist intuitions without construing justification as an internal condition knowable by reflection alone. Sven Rosenkranz conceives of justification, in its doxastic and propositional varieties, as a kind of epistemic possibility of knowing and of being in a position to know. His account contrasts with recent alternative views that characterize justification in terms of the metaphysical possibility of knowing. Instead, he develops a suitable (...)
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  23.  52
    Remembering emotional events: The fate of detailed information.Sven-Åke Christianson & Elizabeth F. Loftus - 1991 - Cognition and Emotion 5 (2):81-108.
  24.  45
    Meaning and Anti-Meaning in Life.Sven Nyholm & Stephen M. Campbell - 2022 - In Iddo Landau (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Meaning in Life. Oxford University Press. pp. 277-91.
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  25. Knowledge: readings in contemporary epistemology.Sven Bernecker & Fred I. Dretske (eds.) - 2000 - New York: Oxford University Press.
    In this anthology, distinguished editors Sven Bernecker and Fred Dretske offer the most comprehensive review available of contemporary epistemology. They bring together the most important and influential writings in the field, including selections that cover frequently neglected topics such as dominant responses to skepticism, introspection, memory, and testimony. Knowledge is divided into fifteen subject areas and includes forty-one readings by eminent contributors. An accessible introduction to each subject area outlines the problems discussed in the essays that follow so that (...)
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  26. Brentano and the Buck-Passers.Sven Danielsson & Jonas Olson - 2007 - Mind 116 (463):511 - 522.
    According to T. M. Scanlon's 'buck-passing' analysis of value, x is good means that x has properties that provide reasons to take up positive attitudes vis-à-vis x. Some authors have claimed that this idea can be traced back to Franz Brentano, who said in 1889 that the judgement that x is good is the judgement that a positive attitude to x is correct ('richtig'). The most discussed problem in the recent literature on buckpassing is known as the 'wrong kind of (...)
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  27. Zweifel und Mystik, besonders bei Augustin.Jakob Amstutz - 1950 - Bern,: P. Haupt.
  28.  9
    Emotional memories in laboratory studies versus real-life studies: Do they compare?Sven-Åke Christianson - 1992 - In Martin A. Conway, David C. Rubin, H. Spinnler & W. Wagenaar (eds.), Theoretical Perspectives on Autobiographical Memory. Kluwer Academic Publishers. pp. 339--352.
  29. Essays om almindelig retslære.Sven Clausen - 1935 - Kjøbenhavn,: Nyt nordisk forlag.
     
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  30. Essays om naturret.Sven Clausen - 1954 - København,: Gyldendal.
     
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  31.  3
    Män och idéer: hitoriska uppsatser.Sven Olof Gustav Lindman - 1981 - Åbo: distribution, Tidningsbokhandeln.
    Hegel, Snellman och språket -- Snellman och Lagus -- Ur Israel Hwassers politiska idévärld -- En finländsk motsvarighet till striden mellan Thibaut och Savigny -- Hans Järta och J.J. Nordström -- "Thomas Frisk," ett inlägg i 1860-talets svenska reformdebatt -- Axel Liljenstrand -- C.G. Estlander, "kultursvensk" och gammalliberal -- Robert Hermanson och nationalitetsbegreppet -- K.J. Ståhlberg och Finlands statsskick.
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  32.  5
    Die dialogische Form der Mathematik.Sven Matthiscyk - 2016 - Würzburg: Königshausen & Neumann.
  33.  93
    The Metaphysics of Memory.Sven Bernecker - 2008 - Springer.
    This book investigates central issues in the philosophy of memory. Does remembering require a causal process connecting the past representation to its subsequent recall and, if so, what is the nature of the causal process? Of what kind are the primary intentional objects of memory states? How do we know that our memory experiences portray things the way they happened in the past? Given that our memory is not only a passive device for reproducing thoughts but also an active device (...)
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  34. Ethics-based auditing to develop trustworthy AI.Jakob Mökander & Luciano Floridi - 2021 - Minds and Machines.
    A series of recent developments points towards auditing as a promising mechanism to bridge the gap between principles and practice in AI ethics. Building on ongoing discussions concerning ethics-based auditing, we offer three contributions. First, we argue that ethics-based auditing can improve the quality of decision making, increase user satisfaction, unlock growth potential, enable law-making, and relieve human suffering. Second, we highlight current best practices to support the design and implementation of ethics-based auditing: To be feasible and effective, ethics-based auditing (...)
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  35. Ethics-based auditing to develop trustworthy AI.Jakob Mökander & Luciano Floridi - 2021 - Minds and Machines 31 (2):323–327.
    A series of recent developments points towards auditing as a promising mechanism to bridge the gap between principles and practice in AI ethics. Building on ongoing discussions concerning ethics-based auditing, we offer three contributions. First, we argue that ethics-based auditing can improve the quality of decision making, increase user satisfaction, unlock growth potential, enable law-making, and relieve human suffering. Second, we highlight current best practices to support the design and implementation of ethics-based auditing: To be feasible and effective, ethics-based auditing (...)
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  36.  75
    An Inquiry into the Study of Corporate Codes of Ethics.Sven Helin & Johan Sandström - 2007 - Journal of Business Ethics 75 (3):253-271.
    This paper takes its point of departure in an article by Stevens [Stevens, B.: 1994, Journal of Business Ethics 54, 163–171], in which she identified a lack of knowledge regarding how corporate codes of ethics are communicated and affect behavior in organizations. Taking heed of this suggested gap, we review studies on corporate codes of ethics with an empirical content, published since 1994. The conclusion of the review is that we still lack knowledge on how codes work, how they are (...)
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  37.  21
    Theory Roulette: Choosing that Climate Change is not a Tragedy of the Commons.Jakob Ortmann & Walter Veit - 2023 - Environmental Values 32 (1):65-89.
    Climate change mitigation has become a paradigm case both for externalities in general and for the game-theoretic model of the Tragedy of the Commons (ToC) in particular. This situation is worrying, as we have reasons to suspect that some models in the social sciences are apt to be performative to the extent that they can become self-fulfilling prophecies. Framing climate change mitigation as a hardly solvable coordination problem may force us into a worse situation, by changing real-world behaviour to fit (...)
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  38.  24
    Some characteristics of people’s traumatic memories.Sven-Åke Christianson & Elizabeth F. Loftus - 1990 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 28 (3):195-198.
  39.  23
    Reflections on predictive processing and the mind. Interview with Jakob Hohwy.Jakob Hohwy, Przemysław Nowakowski & Paweł Gładziejewski - 2014 - Avant: Trends in Interdisciplinary Studies 5 (3):145-152.
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  40. Engineering virtue: constructionist virtue ethics.Jakob Ohlhorst - forthcoming - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy.
    Virtue ethics is traditionally a conservative project. It analyses the virtues that humanity has been relying on since antiquity. This conservatism unduly limits the potential of virtue ethics to contribute to moral progress. Instead, we should pay more attention to constructionist virtue ethics with the help of conceptual engineering. I will argue that revising and ameliorating the virtue concepts which a community uses directly and indirectly leads to a change of the virtues that exist in this community. By revising and (...)
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  41. Ethical Accident Algorithms for Autonomous Vehicles and the Trolley Problem: Three Philosophical Disputes.Sven Nyholm - 2023 - In Hallvard Lillehammer (ed.), The Trolley Problem. Cambridge University Press. pp. 211-230.
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  42. Ethics-based auditing of automated decision-making systems: nature, scope, and limitations.Jakob Mökander, Jessica Morley, Mariarosaria Taddeo & Luciano Floridi - 2021 - Science and Engineering Ethics 27 (4):1–30.
    Important decisions that impact humans lives, livelihoods, and the natural environment are increasingly being automated. Delegating tasks to so-called automated decision-making systems can improve efficiency and enable new solutions. However, these benefits are coupled with ethical challenges. For example, ADMS may produce discriminatory outcomes, violate individual privacy, and undermine human self-determination. New governance mechanisms are thus needed that help organisations design and deploy ADMS in ways that are ethical, while enabling society to reap the full economic and social benefits of (...)
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  43. Social Robots and Society.Sven Nyholm, Cindy Friedman, Michael T. Dale, Anna Puzio, Dina Babushkina, Guido Lohr, Bart Kamphorst, Arthur Gwagwa & Wijnand IJsselsteijn - 2023 - In Ibo van de Poel, Lily Eva Frank, Jeroen Hopster, Sven Nyholm, Dominic Lenzi, Behnam Taebi & Elena Ziliotti (eds.), Ethics of Socially Disruptive Technologies: An Introduction. Cambridge, UK: Open Book Publishers. pp. 53-82.
    Advancements in artificial intelligence and (social) robotics raise pertinent questions as to how these technologies may help shape the society of the future. The main aim of the chapter is to consider the social and conceptual disruptions that might be associated with social robots, and humanoid social robots in particular. This chapter starts by comparing the concepts of robots and artificial intelligence and briefly explores the origins of these expressions. It then explains the definition of a social robot, as well (...)
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  44. The new concept of Umwelt: A link between science and the humanities.Jakob von Uexküll - 2001 - Semiotica 2001 (134).
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  45. An Epistemic Defense of News Abstinence.Sven Bernecker - 2021 - In Sven Bernecker, Amy K. Flowerree & Thomas Grundmann (eds.), The Epistemology of Fake News. Oxford University Press.
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  46.  24
    Jakob von Uexküll and Right Livelihood — the current actuality of his Weltanschauung.Jakob von Uexüll jr - 2004 - Sign Systems Studies 32 (1-2):363-371.
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  47. Jakob von Uexküll and Right Livelihood—the current actuality of his Weltanschauung.Jakob von Uexküll Jr - 2004 - Σημιοτκή-Sign Systems Studies 1:363-371.
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  48.  7
    Ethologists in the Kindergarten: Natural Behavior, Social Rank, and the Search for the “Innate” in Early Human Ethology.Jakob Odenwald - 2022 - Berichte Zur Wissenschaftsgeschichte 45 (1-2):87-111.
    Berichte zur Wissenschaftsgeschichte, Volume 45, Issue 1-2, Page 87-111, June 2022.
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  49.  39
    The Role of Technology in Science: Philosophical Perspectives.Sven Ove Hansson (ed.) - 2015 - Dordrecht: Springer Verlag.
    In the first part of this paper, I clear the ground from frequent misconceptions of the relationship between fact and value by examining some uses of the adjective “natural” in ethical controversies. Such uses bear evidence to our “natural” tendency to regard nature as the source of ethical norms. I then try to account for the origins of this tendency by offering three related explanations, the most important of which is evolutionistic: if any behaviour that favours our equilibrium with the (...)
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  50. Moses Mendelssohns Theorie der Empfindungen und die Poetik der Mischform.Sven Gesse - 1999 - In Anselm Gerhard (ed.), Musik und Ästhetik im Berlin Moses Mendelssohns. Niemeyer.
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