Results for 'Sylvain Billiard'

625 found
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  1.  57
    Stochasticity in cultural evolution: a revolution yet to happen.Sylvain Billiard & Alexandra Alvergne - 2017 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 40 (1):9.
    Over the last 40 years or so, there has been an explosion of cultural evolution research in anthropology and archaeology. In each discipline, cultural evolutionists investigate how interactions between individuals translate into group level patterns, with the aim of explaining the diachronic dynamics and diversity of cultural traits. However, while much attention has been given to deterministic processes, we contend that current evolutionary accounts of cultural change are limited because they do not adopt a systematic stochastic approach. First, we show (...)
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  2.  31
    The Universal Grammar of Evolution.Koen Tanghe & Sylvain Billiard - 2022 - Философия И Космология 29:4-16.
    The evolution (sensu lato) of the cosmos can be divided in three phases: cosmological evolution (sensu stricto), biological evolution and cultural evolution. Analogies between biological and cultural evolution date from the nineteenth century although it is only in the past two decades that so-called cultural evolution research has exploded. By contrast, comparisons between cosmological evolution and either biological or cultural evolution are uncommon. Here, we compare these three kinds of evolution and try to delineate their common grammar. Do their structure (...)
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  3.  64
    Judgement under uncertainty and conjunction fallacy inhibition training.Sylvain Moutier & Olivier Houdé - 2003 - Thinking and Reasoning 9 (3):185 – 201.
    Intuitive predictions and judgements under uncertainty are often mediated by judgemental heuristics that sometimes lead to biases. Our micro-developmental study suggests that a presumption of rationality is justified for adult subjects, in so far as their systematic judgemental biases appear to be due to a specific executive-inhibition failure in working memory, and not necessarily to a lack of understanding of the fundamental principles of probability. This hypothesis was tested using an experimental procedure in which 60 adult subjects were trained to (...)
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  4. Science and the Forms of Ignorance.Sylvain Bromberger - 1971 - In Maurice Mandelbaum (ed.), Observation and Theory in Science. The Johns Hopkins Press. pp. 45--67.
  5. Why-Questions.Sylvain Bromberger - 1966 - In Robert Garland Colodny (ed.), Mind and Cosmos: Essays in Contemporary Science and Philosophy. [Pittsburgh]: University of Pittsburgh Press. pp. 86--111.
     
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  6.  71
    False Pleasures, Appearance and Imagination in the Philebus.Sylvain Delcomminette - 2003 - Phronesis 48 (3):215 - 237.
    This paper examines the discussion about false pleasures in the "Philebus" (36 c3-44 a11). After stressing the crucial importance of this discussion in the economy of the dialogue, it attempts to identify the problematic locus of the possibility of true or false pleasures. Socrates points to it by means of an analogy between pleasure and doxa. Against traditional interpretations, which reduce the distinction drawn in this passage to a distinction between doxa and pleasure on the one hand and their object (...)
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  7.  17
    Heart Rate Variability and Cardiac Vagal Tone in Psychophysiological Research – Recommendations for Experiment Planning, Data Analysis, and Data Reporting.Sylvain Laborde, Emma Mosley & Julian F. Thayer - 2017 - Frontiers in Psychology 8.
  8.  26
    Charles De Koninck et le bien commun.Sylvain Luquet - 2014 - Laval Théologique et Philosophique 70 (1):45-60.
    Sylvain Luquet | : On tente ici de retracer aussi fidèlement que possible les tenants et les aboutissants du célèbre débat autour du bien commun et de la personne suscité par l’attaque du Père Eschmann contre le livre de Charles De Koninck, De la primauté du bien commun contre les personnalistes . On y verra vite à quel point il s’agissait d’un débat d’idées et nullement de conflits personnels. | : We attempt here to retrace as faithfully as possible (...)
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  9.  58
    Précis of neuroconstructivism: How the brain constructs cognition.Sylvain Sirois, Michael Spratling, Michael S. C. Thomas, Gert Westermann, Denis Mareschal & Mark H. Johnson - 2008 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 31 (3):321-331.
    Neuroconstructivism: How the Brain Constructs Cognition proposes a unifying framework for the study of cognitive development that brings together (1) constructivism (which views development as the progressive elaboration of increasingly complex structures), (2) cognitive neuroscience (which aims to understand the neural mechanisms underlying behavior), and (3) computational modeling (which proposes formal and explicit specifications of information processing). The guiding principle of our approach is context dependence, within and (in contrast to Marr [1982]) between levels of organization. We propose that three (...)
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  10.  64
    What Are Words? Comments on Kaplan (1990), on Hawthorne and Lepore, and on the Issue.Sylvain Bromberger - 2011 - Journal of Philosophy 108 (9):486-503.
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  11.  15
    Le Philèbe de Platon: introduction à l'agathologie platonicienne.Sylvain Dr Delcomminette - 2006 - Boston: Brill.
    This book provides a comprehensive commentary of the Philebus designed to shed light on the nature and function of the good in Plato’s philosophy as a whole. Topics discussed include dialectic, pleasure, epistemology, and the relations between metaphysics and ethics.
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  12.  19
    Can Accidents Alone Generate Substantial Forms? Twists and Turns of a Late Medieval Debate.Sylvain Roudaut - 2023 - American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 97 (4):529-554.
    This paper investigates the late medieval controversy over the causal role of substantial forms in the generation of new substances. At the beginning of the fourteenth century, when there were two basic positions in this debate (section II), an original position was defended by Walter Burley and Peter Auriol, according to which accidents alone—by their own power—can generate substantial forms (section III). The paper presents how this view was received by the next generation of philosophers, i.e., around 1350 (section IV), (...)
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  13.  33
    La « logique du cœur » pascalienne de Scheler à Heidegger.Sylvain Josset - 2023 - Les Etudes Philosophiques 146 (3):145-167.
    Cet article analyse les emplois schelérien et heideggérien de l’expression « logique du coeur ». Il revient sur l’origine de cette expression – forgée par Scheler, qui l’attribue à tort à Pascal en soulignant son opposition à la raison cartésienne – avant de reconstruire l’usage qu’en fait Heidegger. Trois phases sont mises au jour : Heidegger fait l’économie de cette expression dans ses jeunes années afin de prendre ses distances avec la doctrine schelérienne et pascalienne des sentiments ; il y (...)
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  14.  92
    On What We Know We Don’t Know.Sylvain Bromberger - 1992 - Chicago and London / Stanford: University of Chicago Press / CSLI.
    In this collection of essays, Bromberger explores the centrality of questions and predicaments they create in scientific research. He discusses the nature of explanation, theory, and the foundations of linguistics.
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  15.  42
    Sports and ‘Minorities’: Negotiating the Olympic Model.Sylvain Ferez, Sébastien Ruffié & Stéphane Héas - 2017 - Sport, Ethics and Philosophy 12 (2):177-193.
    This paper studies ‘minority’ initiatives to organize sports games. A meta-analysis of published data in the literature identifies the formal appearance taken by each of these initiatives under the Olympic model. But it also conduces to build a number of indicators to answer a series of questions about their logic and strategies. All the initiatives studied are based on an ambivalent posture that, while based on the denunciation of a discriminating space, claim access to it. By an astonishing paradox, ‘non-normative’ (...)
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  16.  15
    Autour du statut de la religion dans les écrits du jeune Heidegger.Sylvain Camilleri - 2017 - Philosophiques 44 (2):335-342.
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  17.  32
    Being Wholly Here and Partially There: John Buridan vs Nicole Oresme on the Soul’s Presence in the Body.Sylvain Roudaut - forthcoming - Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie.
    This paper studies the theories defended by John Buridan and Nicole Oresme on the presence of the soul in the body, with a special focus on the interpretation of the Augustinian principle – or ‘holenmeric’ principle – according to which the soul is in the whole body and is wholly present in every part of it. The first part of the paper introduces the different types of composition involved in the medieval discussions over the soul and its parts and shows (...)
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  18.  70
    A Dynamic Version of Hylomorphism.Sylvain Roudaut - 2018 - Axiomathes 28 (1):13-36.
    This paper presents a version of hylomorphism that intends to solve problems faced by contemporary hylomorphism. After showing that attempts to understand form as sets or relation of essential properties fail at taking into account the dynamic development of substances, the paper suggests another version of hylomorphism able to solve these difficulties. A functionalist version of hylomorphism is then defended: the best way to understand how form can be present throughout all the developmental stages of a substance is to understand (...)
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  19. A Note on "Fort et Etroit" and "Ample et Faible".Sylvain Bromberger - 1957 - Revue Internationale de Philosophie 11 (2):206.
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  20. "Competence, Grammaticality and Sentence Complexity" - A Comment.Sylvain Bromberger - 1968 - Philosophical Forum 1 (1):90.
     
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  21. A. d'Helt, Heidegger et la pensée médiévale (Ousia, 2010).Sylvain Camilleri - 2011 - Archives de Philosophie 74:379 - 380.
     
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  22. Cheminement vers l’indication formelle.Sylvain Camilleri - 2016 - In Heidegger Et les Grandes Lignes D’Une Phénoménologie Herméneutique du Christianisme Primitif. Cham: Springer Verlag.
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  23.  27
    Alliances Between Corporate and Fair Trade Brands: Examining the Antecedents of Overall Evaluation of the Co-branded Product.Sylvain Sénéchal, Laurent Georges & Jean Louis Pernin - 2014 - Journal of Business Ethics 124 (3):365-381.
    This research investigates the potential for a “fair” co-branding operation. A major corporate brand is fictitiously allied with a Fair Trade labelling organization brand. The sample for the study is composed of 540 respondents, representative of the French population. By considering commercial brands and Fair Trade labels as dissimilar in terms of customers’ perceived Fair Trade orientations, this article studies how this lack of similarity impacts perceived congruence between both entities and how prior brand attitudes and congruence influence customers’ evaluation (...)
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  24.  12
    Monte-Carlo tree search and rapid action value estimation in computer Go.Sylvain Gelly & David Silver - 2011 - Artificial Intelligence 175 (11):1856-1875.
  25.  80
    Deductive reasoning and matching-bias inhibition training: Evidence from a debiasing paradigm.Sylvain Moutier, Nathalie Angeard & Olivier Houde - 2002 - Thinking and Reasoning 8 (3):205 – 224.
    Using the matching bias example, the aim of the present studies was to show that adults' reasoning biases are due to faulty executive inhibition programming. In the first study, the subjects were trained on Wason's classical card selection task; half were given training in how to inhibit the perceptual matching bias (experimental group) and half in logic without the inhibition component (control group). On the pre- and post-tests, their performance was assessed on the Evans conditional rule falsification task (with a (...)
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  26.  11
    „Stammt alles vom Heiligen Geist“?Sylvain Josset - 2024 - Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia 79 (4):1699-1722.
    Although Pascal is a thinker of the figure of Christ, he seems to neglect the other Persons of the Trinity, in particular the Holy Spirit. This article examines the place Pascal gives to the third Person of the Trinity. It shows that, for Pascal, the Holy Spirit plays an important role in the conversion of man, insofar as he spreads in his heart the grace of Christ sent by the Father. Finally, this study comes to a difficult fragment of Pascal’s (...)
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  27.  16
    Axiomatization and implementation of a class of solidarity values for TU-games.Sylvain Béal, Eric Rémila & Philippe Solal - 2017 - Theory and Decision 83 (1):61-94.
    A new class of values combining marginalistic and egalitarian principles is introduced for cooperative TU-games. It includes some modes of solidarity among the players by taking the collective contribution of some coalitions to the grand coalition into account. Relationships with other class of values such as the Egalitarian Shapley values and the Procedural values are discussed. We propose a strategic implementation of our class of values in subgame perfect Nash equilibrium. Two axiomatic characterizations are provided: one of the whole class (...)
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  28.  48
    Forma Dat Esse.Sylvain Roudaut - 2020 - History of Philosophy & Logical Analysis 23 (2):423-446.
    This paper offers an overview of the history of the axiom forma dat esse, which was commonly quoted during the Middle Ages to describe formal causality. The first part of the paper studies the origin of this principle, and recalls how the ambiguity of Boethius’s first formulation of it in the De Trinitate was variously interpreted by the members of the School of Chartres. Then, the paper examines the various declensions of the axiom that existed in the late Middle Ages, (...)
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  29.  31
    Characterizations of weighted and equal division values.Sylvain Béal, André Casajus, Frank Huettner, Eric Rémila & Philippe Solal - 2016 - Theory and Decision 80 (4):649-667.
    New and recent axioms for cooperative games with transferable utilities are introduced. The non-negative player axiom requires to assign a non-negative payoff to a player that belongs to coalitions with non-negative worth only. The axiom of addition invariance on bi-partitions requires that the payoff vector recommended by a value should not be affected by an identical change in worth of both a coalition and the complementary coalition. The nullified solidarity axiom requires that if a player who becomes null weakly loses (...)
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  30.  12
    Au-delà de la nécessité et de la contingence : la liberté absolue dans la philosophie tardive de Schelling, « liberté d'être et de ne pas être ».Sylvaine Gourdain - 2014 - Les Etudes Philosophiques 111 (4):573-588.
    Ce texte est consacré à la conception de la liberté absolue chez Schelling, telle qu’elle est exposée dans les Weltalter et accomplie dans la philosophie tardive. À partir d’une élucidation des rapports entre liberté, nécessité et contingence, nous souhaitons montrer que Schelling parvient à développer un nouveau concept de liberté absolue qui d’une part ne concerne pas seulement Dieu mais aussi l’homme, et qui d’autre part dépasse la liberté kantienne comme autonomie et autodétermination, mais aussi la liberté de l’É crit (...)
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  31. Henry Bars: Poète et homme de foi.Sylvain Guena - 2001 - Nova et Vetera 76 (3):67-77.
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  32.  11
    The mere exposure effect depends on an odor’s initial pleasantness.Sylvain Delplanque, Géraldine Coppin, Laurène Bloesch, Isabelle Cayeux & David Sander - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
  33.  2
    Division, Dialectique Et Dèfinition Chez Platon Et Aristote.Sylvain Delcomminette - 2014 - Méthexis 27 (1):25-45.
    In this article, I examine the way Aristotle makes use of the methods Plato labelled as "dialectic". After suggesting a unified interpretation of Plato’s dialectic, I show that Aristotle makes room for them not inside the context of demonstrative science, but at the level of the investigation concerning the principles of such a science. These principles are, for the most part, definitions; and Plato’s dialectical methods are designed to search for and obtain definitions. Although Aristotle, contrary to Plato, seems to (...)
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  34. Questions.Sylvain Bromberger - 1966 - Journal of Philosophy 63 (20):597-606.
  35.  19
    Coalitional desirability and the equal division value.Sylvain Béal, Eric Rémila & Philippe Solal - 2019 - Theory and Decision 86 (1):95-106.
    We introduce three natural collective variants of the well-known axiom of desirability, which require that if the contributions of a first coalition are at least as large as the contributions of a second coalition, then the payoff in the first coalition should be as large as the payoff in the second coalition. These axioms are called coalitional desirability and average coalitional desirability. The third variant, called uniform coalitional desirability, applies only to coalitions with the same size. We show that coalitional (...)
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  36.  19
    Clocks, Automata and the Mechanization of Nature (1300–1600).Sylvain Roudaut - 2022 - Philosophies 7 (6):139.
    This paper aims at tracking down, by looking at late medieval and early modern discussions over the ontological status of artifacts, the main steps of the process through which nature became theorized on a mechanistic model in the early 17th century. The adopted methodology consists in examining how inventions such as mechanical clocks and automata forced philosophers to modify traditional criteria based on an intrinsic principle of motion and rest for defining natural beings. The paper studies different strategies designed in (...)
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  37.  11
    L’expertise collégiale à l’IRD : une courte présentation.Sylvain Robert - 2012 - Hermes 64:, [ p.].
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  38. False Pleasures, Appearance and Imagination in the Philebus.Sylvain Delcomminette - 2003 - Phronesis 48 (3):215-237.
    This paper examines the discussion about false pleasures in the "Philebus" (36 c3-44 a11). After stressing the crucial importance of this discussion in the economy of the dialogue, it attempts to identify the problematic locus of the possibility of true or false pleasures. Socrates points to it by means of an analogy between pleasure and doxa. Against traditional interpretations, which reduce the distinction drawn in this passage to a distinction between doxa and pleasure on the one hand and their object (...)
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  39.  7
    Formes de vie, milieux de vie.Sylvaine Bulle - 2018 - Multitudes 71 (2):168.
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  40.  26
    Masao Abe: A Zen Life of Dialogue. Edited by Donald Mitchell.Sylvain Isaac - 2001 - Revue Philosophique De Louvain 99 (1):125-132.
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  41.  4
    Sur Une Falsification Historiographique.Sylvain Piron - 2008 - Revue de Synthèse 129 (4):617-623.
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  42. Raison et bonheur selon Plotin: une lecture du traité 46 (I 4), 1-4.Sylvain Roux - 2005 - Kairos (Université de Toulouse-Le Mirail. Faculté de philosophie) 25:199-226.
     
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  43. La tradition du textes du Dialogue avec Triphon de Justin Martyr (I).Sylvain J. G. Sánchez - 2001 - Revista Agustiniana 42 (127):221-262.
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  44. Problemes historiques du 'Dialogue avec Triphon' de Justin Martyr (II).Sylvain J. G. Sánchez - 2001 - Revista Agustiniana 42 (128):653-714.
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  45. La Philosophie Religieuse De Hermann Cohen.Avant-propos de Paul Ricoeur Sylvain Zac - 1984
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  46.  9
    The Economic Theory of the Scholastics as a Contractual Analysis.Sylvain Trifilio - 2018 - Journal des Economistes Et des Etudes Humaines 24 (1).
    The doctrine of the “just price” is more than often described as the core of the “economic” thinking of the Scholastics (de Roover 1958; Baldwin 1959; Wilson 1975; Worland 1977). In fact, one could hardly contest that the notion occupies a place of high importance in the economic reflections of the Medieval Doctors. It is of no doubt that their study of economic reality led them to call up very frequently the said notion of “just price”. Yet the insistence with (...)
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  47.  20
    Beyond Mme Livingstone’s baobab: considerations on the gender of travel in the 19th century France.Sylvain Venayre - 2008 - Clio 28:99-120.
    Si le xixe siècle fut le temps de l’émergence de la figure de la “ grande voyageuse ”, on ne saurait surestimer cette innovation. La hiérarchie des genres de récits de voyage, l’importance du contre-exemple britannique, la condamnation morale de la voyageuse solitaire manifestent assez le sentiment de l’illégitimité du voyage féminin. Pourtant, pèlerines, valétudinaires et touristes se multiplièrent dans un siècle qui fut aussi celui de l’invention du voyage de noces. Cet article tente de prendre la mesure de l’ensemble (...)
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  48.  20
    Comment: Measurement and the Interpretation of Trait EI Research.Sylvain Laborde & Mark S. Allen - 2016 - Emotion Review 8 (4):342-343.
    In this brief commentary, we present a critical reflection on trait emotional intelligence theory and research as covered in a recent narrative review. We consider whether synthesising research findings that use different conceptualisations of EI is desirable, if the measurement of trait EI might become more diverse, whether trait EI research in interpersonal settings requires additional analytical thought, and how researchers might go about objectively conceptualising trait EI. Our collective focus is on EI measurement as it relates to the development (...)
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  49. On what we don't know when we don't know why.Sylvain Bromberger - 1992 - In On What We Know We Don’t Know. Chicago and London / Stanford: University of Chicago Press / CSLI.
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  50.  9
    La lecture aristotélicienne de Platon selon Paul Natorp.Sylvain Delcomminette - 2023 - Philosophie Antique 23:191-215.
    Dans les deux derniers chapitres de Platos Ideenlehre, Paul Natorp confronte son interprétation de la théorie des Idées platoniciennes à celle d’Aristote, qu’il considère comme l’origine des déformations historiques dont celle-ci aurait été la victime. Selon lui, ces déformations s’ancrent dans le profond dogmatisme de la pensée aristotélicienne, incapable d’accéder au point de vue criticiste de Platon. Le débat entre Platon et Aristote fournit dès lors l’occasion à Natorp de préciser la signification de l’opposition entre le criticisme et le dogmatisme (...)
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