Results for 'Sylvain Durocher'

443 found
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  1.  7
    Normativity in Environmental Reporting: A Comparison of Three Regimes.Mohamed Chelli, Sylvain Durocher & Anne Fortin - 2018 - Journal of Business Ethics 149 (2):285-311.
    Normativity is assessed as we evaluate and compare the environmental reporting practices of a sample of French and Canadian companies through the lens of institutional legitimacy. More specifically, we examine how French and Canadian firms changed their reporting practices in reaction to the promulgation of laws and regulations in their respective countries, i.e., the NER and Grenelle II Acts in France, and National Instrument 51-102 and CSA Staff Notice NR 51-333, issued by the Canadian Securities Administrators. The firms’ voluntary disclosures (...)
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  2.  16
    “Just Access”? Questions of Equity in Access and Funding for Assistive Technology.Evelyne Durocher, Rosalie H. Wang, Jerome Bickenbach, Daphne Schreiber & Michael G. Wilson - 2019 - Ethics and Behavior 29 (3):172-191.
    Assistive technology has great potential to contribute to health, functioning, and quality of life. To date, as exemplified in the Canadian context, variations and inequities in access to assistive technology are evident; the development of legislation, policies, and programs has not kept up with the increasing use of assistive technology. In this article, we apply ;Daniels’s theory of just health to argue that equitable access to assistive technology funding and services is necessary for justice. In doing so, we offer theoretical (...)
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  3.  51
    On What We Know We Don't Know: Explanation, Theory, Linguistics, and How Questions Shape Them.Sylvain Bromberger - 1992 - Chicago and London / Stanford: University of Chicago Press / CSLI.
    In this collection of essays, Bromberger explores the centrality of questions and predicaments they create in scientific research. He discusses the nature of explanation, theory, and the foundations of linguistics.
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  4.  38
    Précis of Neuroconstructivism: How the Brain Constructs Cognition.Sylvain Sirois, Michael Spratling, Michael S. C. Thomas, Gert Westermann, Denis Mareschal & Mark H. Johnson - 2008 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 31 (3):321-331.
    Neuroconstructivism: How the Brain Constructs Cognition proposes a unifying framework for the study of cognitive development that brings together (1) constructivism (which views development as the progressive elaboration of increasingly complex structures), (2) cognitive neuroscience (which aims to understand the neural mechanisms underlying behavior), and (3) computational modeling (which proposes formal and explicit specifications of information processing). The guiding principle of our approach is context dependence, within and (in contrast to Marr [1982]) between levels of organization. We propose that three (...)
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  5.  3
    Heart Rate Variability and Cardiac Vagal Tone in Psychophysiological Research – Recommendations for Experiment Planning, Data Analysis, and Data Reporting.Sylvain Laborde, Emma Mosley & Julian F. Thayer - 2017 - Frontiers in Psychology 8.
  6.  16
    Sports and ‘Minorities’: Negotiating the Olympic Model.Sylvain Ferez, Sébastien Ruffié & Stéphane Héas - 2018 - Sport, Ethics and Philosophy 12 (2):177-193.
    This paper studies ‘minority’ initiatives to organize sports games. A meta-analysis of published data in the literature identifies the formal appearance taken by each of these initiatives under the Olympic model. But it also conduces to build a number of indicators to answer a series of questions about their logic and strategies. All the initiatives studied are based on an ambivalent posture that, while based on the denunciation of a discriminating space, claim access to it. By an astonishing paradox, ‘non-normative’ (...)
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  7. What Are Words? Comments on Kaplan , on Hawthorne and Lepore, and on the Issue.Sylvain Bromberger - 2011 - Journal of Philosophy 108 (9):486-503.
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  8.  11
    Clarivate Analytics: Continued Omnia vanitas Impact Factor Culture.Sylvain Bernès & Jaime Teixeira da Silva - 2018 - Science and Engineering Ethics 24 (1):291-297.
    This opinion paper takes aim at an error made recently by Clarivate Analytics in which it sent out an email that congratulated academics for becoming exclusive members of academia’s most cited elite, the Highly Cited Researchers. However, that email was sent out to an undisclosed number of non-HCRs, who were offered an apology shortly after, through a bulk mail, which tried to down-play the importance of the error, all the while praising the true HCRs. When Clarivate Analytics senior management was (...)
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  9.  30
    Stochasticity in Cultural Evolution: A Revolution yet to Happen.Sylvain Billiard & Alexandra Alvergne - 2017 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 40 (1):9.
    Over the last 40 years or so, there has been an explosion of cultural evolution research in anthropology and archaeology. In each discipline, cultural evolutionists investigate how interactions between individuals translate into group level patterns, with the aim of explaining the diachronic dynamics and diversity of cultural traits. However, while much attention has been given to deterministic processes, we contend that current evolutionary accounts of cultural change are limited because they do not adopt a systematic stochastic approach. First, we show (...)
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  10.  35
    A Dynamic Version of Hylomorphism.Sylvain Roudaut - 2018 - Axiomathes 28 (1):13-36.
    This paper presents a version of hylomorphism that intends to solve problems faced by contemporary hylomorphism. After showing that attempts to understand form as sets or relation of essential properties fail at taking into account the dynamic development of substances, the paper suggests another version of hylomorphism able to solve these difficulties. A functionalist version of hylomorphism is then defended: the best way to understand how form can be present throughout all the developmental stages of a substance is to understand (...)
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  11. On What We Don't Know When We Don't Know Why.Sylvain Bromberger - 1992 - In On What We Know We Don't Know: Explanation, Theory, Linguistics, and How Questions Shape Them. CSLI Publications.
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  12.  29
    The 'German Fathers' of the Theological Turn in Phenomenology: Scheler, Reinach, Heidegger.Sylvain Camilleri - 2014 - Heythrop Journal 55 (4):545-552.
    This essay returns to the origins of the phenomenology of religion, offering an introduction to and a discussion of seminal contributions to the field. Three figures are examined: Max Scheler, Adolf Reinach and the early Martin Heidegger, who are presented as the ‘German Fathers’ of the phenomenology of religion. Each conducted a radical foray into the religious life-world, sometimes in accord with the project of their Master Edmund Husserl, sometimes opposing or radically revising his project, but typically developing new methods (...)
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  13.  63
    Timing of the Brain Events Underlying Access to Consciousness During the Attentional Blink.Claire Sergent, Sylvain Baillet & Stanislas Dehaene - 2005 - Nature Neuroscience 8 (10):1391-1400.
  14.  3
    L’expertise collégiale à l’IRD : une courte présentation.Sylvain Robert - 2012 - Hermes 64:, [ p.].
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  15. Questions.Sylvain Bromberger - 1966 - Journal of Philosophy 63 (20):597-606.
  16.  12
    Control of Osteogenesis by the Canonical Wnt and BMP Pathways in Vivo.Sylvain Marcellini, Juan Pablo Henriquez & Ariana Bertin - 2012 - Bioessays 34 (11):953-962.
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  17.  18
    Alliances Between Corporate and Fair Trade Brands: Examining the Antecedents of Overall Evaluation of the Co-Branded Product.Sylvain Sénéchal, Laurent Georges & Jean Louis Pernin - 2014 - Journal of Business Ethics 124 (3):365-381.
    This research investigates the potential for a “fair” co-branding operation. A major corporate brand is fictitiously allied with a Fair Trade labelling organization brand. The sample for the study is composed of 540 respondents, representative of the French population. By considering commercial brands and Fair Trade labels as dissimilar in terms of customers’ perceived Fair Trade orientations, this article studies how this lack of similarity impacts perceived congruence between both entities and how prior brand attitudes and congruence influence customers’ evaluation (...)
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  18.  46
    Judgement Under Uncertainty and Conjunction Fallacy Inhibition Training.Sylvain Moutier & Olivier Houdé - 2003 - Thinking and Reasoning 9 (3):185 – 201.
    Intuitive predictions and judgements under uncertainty are often mediated by judgemental heuristics that sometimes lead to biases. Our micro-developmental study suggests that a presumption of rationality is justified for adult subjects, in so far as their systematic judgemental biases appear to be due to a specific executive-inhibition failure in working memory, and not necessarily to a lack of understanding of the fundamental principles of probability. This hypothesis was tested using an experimental procedure in which 60 adult subjects were trained to (...)
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  19.  55
    False Pleasures, Appearance and Imagination in the Philebus.Sylvain Delcomminette - 2003 - Phronesis 48 (3):215 - 237.
    This paper examines the discussion about false pleasures in the "Philebus" (36 c3-44 a11). After stressing the crucial importance of this discussion in the economy of the dialogue, it attempts to identify the problematic locus of the possibility of true or false pleasures. Socrates points to it by means of an analogy between pleasure and doxa. Against traditional interpretations, which reduce the distinction drawn in this passage to a distinction between doxa and pleasure on the one hand and their object (...)
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  20.  62
    Deductive Reasoning and Matching-Bias Inhibition Training: Evidence From a Debiasing Paradigm.Sylvain Moutier, Nathalie Angeard & Olivier Houde - 2002 - Thinking and Reasoning 8 (3):205 – 224.
    Using the matching bias example, the aim of the present studies was to show that adults' reasoning biases are due to faulty executive inhibition programming. In the first study, the subjects were trained on Wason's classical card selection task; half were given training in how to inhibit the perceptual matching bias (experimental group) and half in logic without the inhibition component (control group). On the pre- and post-tests, their performance was assessed on the Evans conditional rule falsification task (with a (...)
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  21.  16
    Nullified Equal Loss Property and Equal Division Values.Sylvain Ferrières - 2017 - Theory and Decision 83 (3):385-406.
    We provide characterizations of the equal division values and their convex mixtures, using a new axiom on a fixed player set based on player nullification which requires that if a player becomes null, then any two other players are equally affected. Two economic applications are also introduced concerning bargaining under risk and common-pool resource appropriation.
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  22.  7
    Implicational Relevance Logic is 2-Exptime-Complete.Sylvain Schmitz - 2016 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 81 (2):641-661.
    We show that provability in the implicational fragment of relevance logic is complete for doubly exponential time, using reductions to and from coverability in branching vector addition systems.
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  23.  10
    Beyond the Opposition Between Altruism and Self-Interest: Reciprocal Giving in Reward-Based Crowdfunding.Kévin André, Sylvain Bureau, Arthur Gautier & Olivier Rubel - 2017 - Journal of Business Ethics 146 (2):313-332.
    Increasingly, frontiers between business and philanthropy seem to be blurred. Reward-Based Crowdfunding platforms contribute to this blurring of lines since they propose funders to support both for-profit and philanthropic projects. Our empirical paper explores the case of Ulule, the leading crowdfunding platform in Europe. Our results, based on a statistical analysis of more than 3000 projects, show that crowdfunding platforms foster specific kinds of relationships relying on reciprocal giving, beyond the usual opposition between altruistic and selfish motivations. We use the (...)
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  24.  11
    Comment: Measurement and the Interpretation of Trait EI Research.Sylvain Laborde & Mark S. Allen - 2016 - Emotion Review 8 (4):342-343.
    In this brief commentary, we present a critical reflection on trait emotional intelligence theory and research as covered in a recent narrative review. We consider whether synthesising research findings that use different conceptualisations of EI is desirable, if the measurement of trait EI might become more diverse, whether trait EI research in interpersonal settings requires additional analytical thought, and how researchers might go about objectively conceptualising trait EI. Our collective focus is on EI measurement as it relates to the development (...)
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  25.  3
    Formes de Vie, Milieux de Vie.Sylvaine Bulle - 2018 - Multitudes 71 (2):168.
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  26. Olivi et les averroïstes.Sylvain Piron - 2006 - Freiburger Zeitschrift für Philosophie Und Theologie 53 (1/2):251-309.
    Dans des écrits datant des années 1277-79, le théologien franciscain Pierre de Jean Olivi emploie à cinq reprise le mot averroista, pour critiquer, non pas tant la doctrine de l'unicité de l'intellect possible que ses implications anthropologiques ou angélologiques. Cette critique bien informée, convergente avec d'autres attaques franciscaines, notamment les dénonciations de Roger Bacon, démontre la réalité et l'ampleur d'une entreprise philosophique menée par des maîtres ès arts, s'inspirant d'Averroès, dans les années 1260-70 ; elle indique aussi la diversité de (...)
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  27.  13
    Formes partielles et esse partialia.Sylvain Roudaut - 2017 - Revue des Sciences Philosophiques Et Théologiques 101 (3):379.
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  28. Rational Ignorance.Sylvain Bromberger - 1988 - Synthese 74 (1):47 - 64.
  29.  15
    No Money, No Problem: Enhanced Reward Positivity in the Absence of Monetary Reward.Edward Tunison, Rourke Sylvain, Jamie Sterr, Vanessa Hiley & Joshua M. Carlson - 2019 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 13.
  30.  6
    Influence of Slow-Paced Breathing on Inhibition After Physical Exertion.Sylvain Laborde, Theresa Lentes, Thomas J. Hosang, Uirassu Borges, Emma Mosley & Fabrice Dosseville - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  31.  39
    The French Clinical Guidelines and Medical References Programme: Development of 48 Guidelines for Private Practice Over a Period of 18 Months. [REVIEW]Hervé Maisonneuve, Hélèns Cordier, Alain Durocher & Yves Matillon - 1997 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 3 (1):3-13.
  32.  9
    Coalitional Desirability and the Equal Division Value.Sylvain Béal, Eric Rémila & Philippe Solal - 2019 - Theory and Decision 86 (1):95-106.
    We introduce three natural collective variants of the well-known axiom of desirability, which require that if the contributions of a first coalition are at least as large as the contributions of a second coalition, then the payoff in the first coalition should be as large as the payoff in the second coalition. These axioms are called coalitional desirability and average coalitional desirability. The third variant, called uniform coalitional desirability, applies only to coalitions with the same size. We show that coalitional (...)
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  33.  20
    Ventilatory Support: A Dynamical Systems Approach.Sylvain Thibault, Laurent Heyer, Gila Benchetrit & Pierre Baconnier - 2002 - Acta Biotheoretica 50 (4):269-279.
    Misunderstanding of the dynamical behavior of the ventilatory system, especially under assisted ventilation, may explain the problems encountered in ventilatory support monitoring. Proportional assist ventilation (PAV) that theoretically gives a breath by breath assistance presents instability with high levels of assistance. We have constructed a mathematical model of interactions between three objects: the central respiratory pattern generator modelled by a modified Van der Pol oscillator, the mechanical respiratory system which is the passive part of the system and a controlled ventilator (...)
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  34.  6
    Axiomatization and Implementation of a Class of Solidarity Values for TU-Games.Sylvain Béal, Eric Rémila & Philippe Solal - 2017 - Theory and Decision 83 (1):61-94.
    A new class of values combining marginalistic and egalitarian principles is introduced for cooperative TU-games. It includes some modes of solidarity among the players by taking the collective contribution of some coalitions to the grand coalition into account. Relationships with other class of values such as the Egalitarian Shapley values and the Procedural values are discussed. We propose a strategic implementation of our class of values in subgame perfect Nash equilibrium. Two axiomatic characterizations are provided: one of the whole class (...)
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  35.  7
    The Mere Exposure Effect Depends on an Odor’s Initial Pleasantness.Sylvain Delplanque, Géraldine Coppin, Laurène Bloesch, Isabelle Cayeux & David Sander - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
  36. L'amélioration du monde.Sylvain Piron - 2012 - Revue de Théologie Et de Philosophie 144 (3):221-234.
    Les recherches sur le travail comme valeur au Moyen Âge se sont principalement attardées sur la malédiction prononcée lors de l'expulsion du jardin d'Eden, négligeant l'activité à laquelle se livrait Adam avant la chute (Gn 2,15). A la suite de Philon d'Alexandrie, Augustin a proposé une lecture littérale de ce premier travail, qui a eu un fort impact dans la culture médiévale, certains auteurs (franciscains) comprenant ce verset au sens d'une mission d'améliorer encore la création.
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  37.  4
    Commentary: Emotional Intelligence Impact on Half Marathon Finish Times.Sylvain Laborde, Emma Mosley & Fabrice Dosseville - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  38.  20
    Rethinking Learning and Development in the Newell Test.Sylvain Sirois - 2003 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (5):619-620.
    The Newell Test is an ambitious and promising project, but not without pitfalls. Some of the current criteria are not theoretically neutral, whereas others are unhelpful. To improve the test, the learning and development criteria are reviewed and revised, which suggests adding a maturation criterion as well. Such changes should make the Newell Test more general and useful.
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  39.  4
    Can Norman Daniels Help You Get a Wheelchair? A Commentary on Durocher Et Al.Mary Yvonne Egan - 2019 - Ethics and Behavior 29 (3):192-195.
    Durocher and colleagues argue that Norman Daniels’s notion of just health could provide a useful framework for decreasing inequities in access to assistive technology. I argue that it would provide limited help for two reasons. First, Daniels’s reliance on normal species functioning as the goal of health care and his assumptions regarding the impact of normal species functioning on reasonable life projects create substantial difficulties for application to assistive technology. Second, although Daniels’s requirements for distributive justice provide a critical (...)
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  40.  26
    Priming Children’s Use of Intentions in Moral Judgement with Metacognitive Training.Katarina Gvozdic, Sylvain Moutier, Emmanuel Dupoux & Marine Buon - 2016 - Frontiers in Psychology 7.
  41. The Analytic and the Synthetic as Linguistic Topics.Sylvain Auroux - 1985 - Topoi 4 (2):193-199.
    The Analytic/Synthetic distinction did not originate in Kant, but in Port-Royal's logical theory. The key for the doctrine is the explicite recognition of two different kinds of relative clauses, e.g. explicative and determinative. In the middle eighteenth century the distinction becomes a topic within the grammars. Although we can find by grammarians different criteria for the distinction, these criteria (for which we can find medieval sources) are for the main predictable from the original theory of ideas, which was presented in (...)
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  42.  86
    Modeling Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience.Gert Westermann, Sylvain Sirois, Thomas R. Shultz & Denis Mareschal - 2006 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 10 (5):227-232.
  43.  14
    Commentary: Heart Rate Variability and Self-Control–A Meta-Analysis.Sylvain Laborde & Emma Mosley - 2016 - Frontiers in Psychology 7.
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  44.  28
    The New Scientific Spirit.Sylvain Lavelle & Richard D'ari - 1996 - Bioessays 18 (7):603-606.
  45.  85
    False Pleasures, Appearance and Imagination in the Philebus.Sylvain Delcomminette - 2003 - Phronesis 48 (3):215-237.
    This paper examines the discussion about false pleasures in the "Philebus" (36 c3-44 a11). After stressing the crucial importance of this discussion in the economy of the dialogue, it attempts to identify the problematic locus of the possibility of true or false pleasures. Socrates points to it by means of an analogy between pleasure and doxa. Against traditional interpretations, which reduce the distinction drawn in this passage to a distinction between doxa and pleasure on the one hand and their object (...)
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  46.  9
    De L’Intellect a L’Un: La Notion de “Συνυποστασις” Chez Plotin.Sylvain Roux - 2020 - Chôra 18:501-514.
    At the end of Treatise 38, Plotinus presents an original analysis of the activity of the intellect. The intellectual activity of the soul cannot produce its object and thinks what is in the Intellect from which it comes. On the contrary, the Intellect produces its object and its intellection is not the act of a substrate, as in the preceding case. In this context, Plotinus uses, to account for this particular form of intellect, a very rare notion in his work, (...)
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  47.  15
    L’expertise collégiale à l’IRD : une courte présentation.Sylvain Robert - 2012 - Hermès: La Revue Cognition, communication, politique 64 (3):, [ p.].
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  48.  20
    Characterizations of Weighted and Equal Division Values.Sylvain Béal, André Casajus, Frank Huettner, Eric Rémila & Philippe Solal - 2016 - Theory and Decision 80 (4):649-667.
    New and recent axioms for cooperative games with transferable utilities are introduced. The non-negative player axiom requires to assign a non-negative payoff to a player that belongs to coalitions with non-negative worth only. The axiom of addition invariance on bi-partitions requires that the payoff vector recommended by a value should not be affected by an identical change in worth of both a coalition and the complementary coalition. The nullified solidarity axiom requires that if a player who becomes null weakly loses (...)
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  49.  16
    Le rationalisme empiriste.Sylvain Auroux - 1974 - Dialogue 13 (3):475-503.
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  50.  10
    Neurophysiological Effects Associated With Subliminal Conditioning of Appetite Motivations.Micah Amd & Sylvain Baillet - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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