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  1.  18
    Can Accidents Alone Generate Substantial Forms? Twists and Turns of a Late Medieval Debate.Sylvain Roudaut - 2023 - American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 97 (4):529-554.
    This paper investigates the late medieval controversy over the causal role of substantial forms in the generation of new substances. At the beginning of the fourteenth century, when there were two basic positions in this debate (section II), an original position was defended by Walter Burley and Peter Auriol, according to which accidents alone—by their own power—can generate substantial forms (section III). The paper presents how this view was received by the next generation of philosophers, i.e., around 1350 (section IV), (...)
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  2.  18
    Clocks, Automata and the Mechanization of Nature (1300–1600).Sylvain Roudaut - 2022 - Philosophies 7 (6):139.
    This paper aims at tracking down, by looking at late medieval and early modern discussions over the ontological status of artifacts, the main steps of the process through which nature became theorized on a mechanistic model in the early 17th century. The adopted methodology consists in examining how inventions such as mechanical clocks and automata forced philosophers to modify traditional criteria based on an intrinsic principle of motion and rest for defining natural beings. The paper studies different strategies designed in (...)
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  3.  45
    Forma Dat Esse.Sylvain Roudaut - 2020 - History of Philosophy & Logical Analysis 23 (2):423-446.
    This paper offers an overview of the history of the axiom forma dat esse, which was commonly quoted during the Middle Ages to describe formal causality. The first part of the paper studies the origin of this principle, and recalls how the ambiguity of Boethius’s first formulation of it in the De Trinitate was variously interpreted by the members of the School of Chartres. Then, the paper examines the various declensions of the axiom that existed in the late Middle Ages, (...)
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  4.  67
    A Dynamic Version of Hylomorphism.Sylvain Roudaut - 2018 - Axiomathes 28 (1):13-36.
    This paper presents a version of hylomorphism that intends to solve problems faced by contemporary hylomorphism. After showing that attempts to understand form as sets or relation of essential properties fail at taking into account the dynamic development of substances, the paper suggests another version of hylomorphism able to solve these difficulties. A functionalist version of hylomorphism is then defended: the best way to understand how form can be present throughout all the developmental stages of a substance is to understand (...)
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  5.  22
    Formes partielles et esse partialia.Sylvain Roudaut - 2017 - Revue des Sciences Philosophiques Et Théologiques 101 (3):379.
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  6.  30
    Being Wholly Here and Partially There: John Buridan vs Nicole Oresme on the Soul’s Presence in the Body.Sylvain Roudaut - forthcoming - Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie.
    This paper studies the theories defended by John Buridan and Nicole Oresme on the presence of the soul in the body, with a special focus on the interpretation of the Augustinian principle – or ‘holenmeric’ principle – according to which the soul is in the whole body and is wholly present in every part of it. The first part of the paper introduces the different types of composition involved in the medieval discussions over the soul and its parts and shows (...)
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  7. Paul of Venice’s Theory of Quantification and Measurement of Properties.Sylvain Roudaut - 2022 - Noctua 9 (2):104-158.
    This paper analyzes Paul of Venice’s theory of measurement of natural properties and changes. The main sections of the paper correspond to Paul’s analysis of the three types of accidental changes, for which the Augustinian philosopher sought to provide rules of measurement. It appears that Paul achieved an original synthesis borrowing from both Parisian and Oxfordian sources. It is also argued that, on top of this theoretical synthesis, Paul managed to elaborate a quite original theory of intensive properties that marks (...)
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  8.  5
    Quantifying Aristotelian essences: On some fourteenth-century applications of limit decision problems to the perfection of species.Sylvain Roudaut - forthcoming - British Journal for the History of Philosophy:1-24.
    This paper explores a specific problem within an important philosophical genre of the fourteenth century: the debates over the perfection of species. It investigates how the problem of defining limits for continuous magnitudes – a problem typical of Aristotelian physics – was integrated into these debates at the levels of genera, species, and individuals as these entities began to be conceptualized in quantitative terms. After explaining the emergence of this problem within fourteenth-century metaphysics, the paper examines the contributions of three (...)
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  9.  15
    Dietrich of Freiberg’s Theory of Perfectional Forms.Sylvain Roudaut - 2022 - Vivarium 60 (1):28-62.
    This article investigates the philosophical elaboration of the concept of “perfectional form” in Dietrich of Freiberg’s works. Although Dietrich draws on the traditional notion of perfection to a certain extent, it appears that in his view, what he calls perfectional forms represent a special type of form distinct from the classical division between substantial and accidental forms. The main part of the article analyzes the different uses of this concept made by Dietrich, from his theory of light to his views (...)
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  10.  8
    La mesure de l’être: Le problème de la quantification des formes au Moyen Âge (ca. 1250–1370).Sylvain Roudaut - 2022 - Boston: BRILL.
    The aim of this book is to analyze the problem of the intensity of forms in the late Middle Ages and to show how this debate eventually gave rise to a new metaphysical project in the 14th century: the project of quantifying the different types of perfections existing in the universe – that is the project of “measuring being”. Cet ouvrage se propose d’analyser l’histoire du débat relatif à l’intensité des formes au Moyen Âge, et de retracer la manière dont (...)
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  11.  11
    Elisa Coda, Le forme degli elementi. Isaac Abravanel e la tradizione aristotelica medievale, Pisa, Pisa University Press, 2018, 218 pp., ISBN: 9788833390413. Cloth: €22. [REVIEW]Sylvain Roudaut - 2020 - Revista Española de Filosofía Medieval 27 (1):211-213.
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