Results for 'Sylvia Kaiser'

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  1.  1
    High Reproductive Success Despite Queuing – Socio-Sexual Development of Males in a Complex Social Environment.Alexandra M. Mutwill, Tobias D. Zimmermann, Charel Reuland, Sebastian Fuchs, Joachim Kunert, S. Helene Richter, Sylvia Kaiser & Norbert Sachser - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  2.  18
    Using Functional Analysis as a Framework to Guide Individualized Treatment for Negative Symptoms.Tania M. Lincoln, Marcel Riehle, Matthias Pillny, Sylvia Helbig-Lang, Anne-Katharina Fladung, Matthias Hartmann-Riemer & Stefan Kaiser - 2017 - Frontiers in Psychology 8.
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  3.  16
    Hunter Heyck and David Kaiser: Introduction.Hunter Heyck & David Kaiser - 2010 - Isis 101:362-366.
  4.  31
    Explanation in the Special Science: The Case of Biology and History.Marie I. Kaiser, Oliver Scholz, Daniel Plenge & Andreas Hüttemann (eds.) - 2014 - Dordrecht: Springer.
    Contents 1 Introduction – Points of Contact between Biology and History Marie I. Kaiser and Daniel Plenge Part I General Issues on Explanation 2 The Ontic Account of Scientific Explanation, Carl F. Craver Part II Explanation in the Biological Sciences 3 Causal Graphs and Biological Mechanisms, Alexander Gebharter and Marie I. Kaiser 4 Semiotic Explanation in the Biological Sciences, Ulrich Krohs 5 Mechanisms, Pathomechanisms, and Disease in Scientific Clinical Medicine, Gerhard Müller-Strahl 6 The Generalizations of Biology: Historical and (...)
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  5.  12
    Des Menschen Glück Und Gottes Gerechtigkeit: Studien Zur Biblischen Überlieferung Im Kontext Hellenistischer Philosophie.Otto Kaiser - 2007 - Mohr Siebeck.
    English summary: With this work, Otto Kaiser presents the Tria Corda lectures on the three topics of destiny and freedom and divine providence as well as the beauty and harmony in the world and the problem of the existence of evil.
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  6.  29
    Figures of Simplicity: Sensation and Thinking in Kleist and Melville.Birgit Mara Kaiser - 2011 - State University of New York Press.
    Figures of Simplicity explores a unique constellation of figures from philosophy and literature—Heinrich von Kleist, Herman Melville, G. W. Leibniz, and Alexander Baumgarten—in an attempt to recover alternative conceptions of aesthetics and dimensions of thinking lost in the disciplinary narration of aesthetics after Kant. This is done primarily by tracing a variety of “simpletons” that populate the writings of Kleist and Melville. These figures are not entirely ignorant, or stupid, but simple. Their simplicity is a way of thinking, one that (...)
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  7. The Anomie of the Earth: Philosophy, Politics, and Autonomy in Europe and the Americas.Federico Luisetti, John Pickles & Wilson Kaiser (eds.) - 2015 - Duke University Press.
    The contributors to _The Anomie of the Earth_ explore the convergences and resonances between Autonomist Marxism and decolonial thinking. In discussing and rejecting Carl Schmitt's formulation of the nomos—a conceptualization of world order based on the Western tenets of law and property—the authors question the assumption of universal political subjects and look towards politics of the commons divorced from European notions of sovereignty. They contrast European Autonomism with North and South American decolonial and indigenous conceptions of autonomy, discuss the legacies (...)
     
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  8. The Metaphysics of Constitutive Mechanistic Phenomena.Marie I. Kaiser & Beate Krickel - 2016 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science:axv058.
    The central aim of this article is to specify the ontological nature of constitutive mechanistic phenomena. After identifying three criteria of adequacy that any plausible approach to constitutive mechanistic phenomena must satisfy, we present four different suggestions, found in the mechanistic literature, of what mechanistic phenomena might be. We argue that none of these suggestions meets the criteria of adequacy. According to our analysis, constitutive mechanistic phenomena are best understood as what we will call ‘object-involving occurrents’. Furthermore, on the basis (...)
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  9.  54
    Organization, Development and Function of Complex Brain Networks.O. Sporns, D. R. Chialvo, M. Kaiser & C. C. Hilgetag - 2004 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 8 (9):418-425.
  10.  47
    The Metaphysics of Constitutive Mechanistic Phenomena.Marie I. Kaiser & Beate Krickel - 2017 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 68 (3):745-779.
    ABSTRACT The central aim of this article is to specify the ontological nature of constitutive mechanistic phenomena. After identifying three criteria of adequacy that any plausible approach to constitutive mechanistic phenomena must satisfy, we present four different suggestions, found in the mechanistic literature, of what mechanistic phenomena might be. We argue that none of these suggestions meets the criteria of adequacy. According to our analysis, constitutive mechanistic phenomena are best understood as what we will call ‘object-involving occurrents’. Furthermore, on the (...)
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  11. Causal Graphs and Biological Mechanisms.Alexander Gebharter & Marie I. Kaiser - 2014 - In Marie I. Kaiser, Oliver Scholz, Daniel Plenge & Andreas Hüttemann (eds.), Explanation in the special sciences: The case of biology and history. Dordrecht: Springer. pp. 55-86.
    Modeling mechanisms is central to the biological sciences – for purposes of explanation, prediction, extrapolation, and manipulation. A closer look at the philosophical literature reveals that mechanisms are predominantly modeled in a purely qualitative way. That is, mechanistic models are conceived of as representing how certain entities and activities are spatially and temporally organized so that they bring about the behavior of the mechanism in question. Although this adequately characterizes how mechanisms are represented in biology textbooks, contemporary biological research practice (...)
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  12.  20
    Recommendations for Sex/Gender Neuroimaging Research: Key Principles and Implications for Research Design, Analysis, and Interpretation.Gina Rippon, Rebecca Jordan-Young, Anelis Kaiser & Cordelia Fine - 2014 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 8.
  13.  20
    Mixed Emotions: Holistic and Analytic Perception of Facial Expressions.James W. Tanaka, Martha D. Kaiser, Sean Butler & Richard Le Grand - 2012 - Cognition and Emotion 26 (6):961-977.
  14. The Limits of Reductionism in the Life Sciences.Marie I. Kaiser - 2011 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 33 (4):453-476.
    In the contemporary life sciences more and more researchers emphasize the “limits of reductionism” (e.g. Ahn et al. 2006a, 709; Mazzocchi 2008, 10) or they call for a move “beyond reductionism” (Gallagher/Appenzeller 1999, 79). However, it is far from clear what exactly they argue for and what the envisioned limits of reductionism are. In this paper I claim that the current discussions about reductionism in the life sciences, which focus on methodological and explanatory issues, leave the concepts of a reductive (...)
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  15. Complexity.Marie I. Kaiser - 2013 - In W. Dubitzky, O. Wolkenhauser, K.-H. Cho & H. Yokota (eds.), Encyclopedia of Systems Biology. New York, USA: Springer. pp. 456-460.
  16.  71
    Developing the Ethical Matrix as a Decision Support Framework: GM Fish as a Case Study. [REVIEW]Matthias Kaiser, Kate Millar, Erik Thorstensen & Sandy Tomkins - 2007 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 20 (1):65-80.
    The Ethical Matrix was developed to help decision-makers explore the ethical issues raised by agri-food biotechnologies. Over the decade since its inception the Ethical Matrix has been used by a number of organizations and the philosophical basis of the framework has been discussed and analyzed extensively. The role of tools such as the Ethical Matrix in public policy decision-making has received increasing attention. In order to further develop the methodological aspects of the Ethical Matrix method, work was carried out to (...)
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  17. Problems and Prospects of Interdisciplinarity: The Case of Philosophy of Science.Marie I. Kaiser, Robert Meunier & Maria Kronfeldner - 2016 - Interdisciplinary Science Reviews 41 (1):61-70.
    In this paper, we discuss some problems and prospects of interdisciplinary encounters by focusing on philosophy of science as a case study. After introducing the case, we give an overview about the various ways in which philosophy of science can be interdisciplinary in Section 2. In Section 3, we name some general problems concerning the possible points of interaction between philosophy of science and the sciences studied. In Section 4 we compare the advantages and risks of interdisciplinarity for individual researchers (...)
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  18. Plasticity, Plasticity, Plasticity… and the Rigid Problem of Sex.Cordelia Fine, Rebecca Jordan-Young, Anelis Kaiser & Gina Rippon - 2013 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 17 (11):550-551.
  19.  44
    The Role of Discourse Context in the Processing of a Flexible Word-Order Language.E. KaisEr & J. Trueswell - 2004 - Cognition 94 (2):113-147.
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  20. Interdisciplinarity in Philosophy of Science.Marie I. Kaiser, Maria Kronfeldner & Robert Meunier - 2014 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 45 (1):59-70.
    This paper examines various ways in which philosophy of science can be interdisciplinary. It aims to provide a map of relations between philosophy and sciences, some of which are interdisciplinary. Such a map should also inform discussions concerning the question “How much philosophy is there in the philosophy of science?” In Sect. 1, we distinguish between synoptic and collaborative interdisciplinarity. With respect to the latter, we furthermore distinguish between two kinds of reflective forms of collaborative interdisciplinarity. We also briefly explicate (...)
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  21.  14
    Reward Guides Attention to Object Categories in Real-World Scenes.Clayton Hickey, Daniel Kaiser & Marius V. Peelen - 2015 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 144 (2):264-273.
  22. On the Limits of Causal Modeling: Spatially-Structurally Complex Biological Phenomena.Marie I. Kaiser - 2016 - Philosophy of Science 83 (5):921-933.
    This paper examines the adequacy of causal graph theory as a tool for modeling biological phenomena and formalizing biological explanations. I point out that the causal graph approach reaches it limits when it comes to modeling biological phenomena that involve complex spatial and structural relations. Using a case study from molecular biology, DNA-binding and -recognition of proteins, I argue that causal graph models fail to adequately represent and explain causal phenomena in this field. The inadequacy of these models is due (...)
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  23.  39
    Assessing Fisheries – Using an Ethical Matrix in a Participatory Process.Matthias Kaiser & Ellen-Marie Forsberg - 2001 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 14 (2):191-200.
    The Norwegian National Committee for Research Ethics inScience and Technology (NENT), collaborating with The NorwegianFisherman''s Association and The Research Council of Norway,started in 1999 a project aiming at an ethical assessment of Norwegian fisheries for the year 2020. The project was to preparethe ground for ethical debate in and of the fishery sector inview of pending important decisions on long term strategies. Thispaper has its focus on the method used for achieving these aims,rather than the substantive results concerning the fisheries. (...)
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  24.  43
    Weakness of Will, Akrasia and the Neuropsychiatry of Decision-Making: An Interdisciplinary Perspective.Annemarie Kalis, Andreas Mojzisch, Sophie Schweizer & Stefan Kaiser - 2008 - Cognitive, Affective and Behavioral Neuroscience 8 (4):402-17.
    This article focuses on both daily forms of weakness of will as discussed in the philosophical debate and psychopathological phenomena as impairments of decision making. We argue that both descriptions of dysfunctional decision making can be organized within a common theoretical framework that divides the decision making process in three different stages: option generation, option selection, and action initiation. We first discuss our theoretical framework, focusing on option generation as an aspect that has been neglected by previous models. In the (...)
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  25. Why It Is Time To Move Beyond Nagelian Reduction.Marie I. Kaiser - 2012 - In D. Dieks, W. J. Gonzalez, S. Hartmann, M. Stöltzner & M. Weber (eds.), Probabilities, Laws, and Structures. The Philosophy of Science in a European Perspective. Heidelberg, GER: Springer. pp. 255-272.
    In this paper I argue that it is finally time to move beyond the Nagelian framework and to break new ground in thinking about epistemic reduction in biology. I will do so, not by simply repeating all the old objections that have been raised against Ernest Nagel’s classical model of theory reduction. Rather, I grant that a proponent of Nagel’s approach can handle several of these problems but that, nevertheless, Nagel’s general way of thinking about epistemic reduction in terms of (...)
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  26.  21
    Introduction.Hunter Heyck & David Kaiser - 2010 - Isis 101 (2):362-366.
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  27. Why We Should Talk About Option Generation in Decision-Making Research.A. Kalis, S. Kaiser & A. Mojzisch - 2013 - Frontiers in Psychology 4:1-8.
  28. Pedagogy and the Practice of Science Historical and Contemporary Perspectives.David Kaiser - 2005
     
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  29.  24
    Still a Time to Act: A Review of Institutional Marketing of Regionally-Grown Food. [REVIEW]Rainbow A. Vogt & Lucia L. Kaiser - 2008 - Agriculture and Human Values 25 (2):241-255.
    Regional institutional marketing supports sustainable farming by bringing wholesome, nutritious food to members of the community. Schools, in particular, can benefit greatly from this arrangement in comprehensive efforts to address childhood obesity. Nineteen previous publications examined issues around supply of and/or demand for regional food procurement by institutions across the United States, including levels of interest, perceived benefits, and barriers to this arrangement. Food service directors, farmers, and/or distributors participated in surveys, interviews, workshops/forums, case studies, and one evaluation about regional (...)
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  30.  24
    L'explication en biologie.Marie I. Kaiser - 2014 - In F. Merlin & T. Hoquet (eds.), Précis de Philosophie de la biologie [Handbook Philosophy of Biology]. Paris, France: Vuibert Press. pp. 143-155.
  31. Well-Ordered Philosophy? Reflections on Kitcher's Proposal for a Renewal of Philosophy.E.-M. Jung & Marie I. Kaiser - 2013 - In Marie I. Kaiser & A. Seide (eds.), Philip Kitcher – Pragmatic Naturalism. Frankfurt/Main, Germany: ontos. pp. 161-174.
    In his recent article Philosophy Inside Out, Philip Kitcher presents a metaphilosophical outlook that aims at nothing less than a renewal of philosophy. His idea is to draw philosophers’ attention away from “timeless questions” in the so-called “core areas” of philosophy. Instead, philosophers should address questions that matter to human lives. The aim of this paper is twofold: first, to reconstruct Kitcher’s view of how philosophy should be renewed; second, to point out some difficulties relating to his position. These difficulties (...)
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  32.  97
    From Rocks to Graphs — the Shaping of Phenomena.Matthias Kaiser - 1991 - Synthese 89 (1):111 - 133.
    Assuming an essential difference between scientific data and phenomena, this paper argues for the view that we have to understand how empirical findings get transformed into scientific phenomena. The work of scientists is seen as largely consisting in constructing these phenomena which are then utilized in more abstract theories. It is claimed that these matters are of importance for discussions of theory choice and progress in science. A case study is presented as a starting point: paleomagnetism and the use of (...)
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  33.  14
    Reactions to the Future: The Chronopolitics of Prevention and Preemption.Mario Kaiser - 2015 - NanoEthics 9 (2):165-177.
    How do we react to uncomfortable futures? By developing the notion of chronopolitics, this article presents two ways that we typically react to future challenges in the present. At the core of the chronopolitics of prevention, we find a striving for normalization and conservation of the present vis-à-vis dangerous futures. In contrast, the chronopolitics of preemption are geared towards a reformation, if not even a revolution of the present. Two case studies in the field of science and technology policy illustrate (...)
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  34. Re-Queering the Brain.Anelis Kaiser & Isabelle Dussauge - 2012 - In Robyn Bluhm, Anne Jaap Jacobson & Heidi Lene Maibom (eds.), Neurofeminism: Issues at the Intersection of Feminist Theory and Cognitive Science. Palgrave-Macmillan.
  35.  31
    Developing the Ethical Delphi.Kate Millar, Erik Thorstensen, Sandy Tomkins, Ben Mepham & Matthias Kaiser - 2007 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 20 (1):53-63.
    A number of EU institutions and government committees across Europe have expressed interest in developing methods and decision-support tools to facilitate consideration of the ethical dimensions of biotechnology assessment. As part of the work conducted in the EC supported project on ethical tools (Ethical Bio-TA Tools), a number of ethical frameworks with the potential to support the work of public policy decision-makers has been characterized and evaluated. One of these potential tools is the Delphi method. The Delphi method was originally (...)
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  36.  13
    Structural and Semantic Constraints on the Resolution of Pronouns and Reflexives.Elsi Kaiser, Jeffrey T. Runner, Rachel S. Sussman & Michael K. Tanenhaus - 2009 - Cognition 112 (1):55-80.
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  37.  10
    Nuclear Democracy: Political Engagement, Pedagogical Reform, and Particle Physics in Postwar America.David Kaiser - 2002 - Isis 93:229-268.
    The influential Berkeley theoretical physicist Geoffrey Chew renounced the reigning approach to the study of subatomic particles in the early 1960s. The standard approach relied on a rigid division between elementary and composite particles. Partly on the basis of his new interpretation of Feynman diagrams, Chew called instead for a “nuclear democracy” that would erase this division, treating all nuclear particles on an equal footing. In developing his rival approach, which came to dominate studies of the strong nuclear force throughout (...)
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  38.  33
    Neuroscience and Sex/Gender.Isabelle Dussauge & Anelis Kaiser - 2012 - Neuroethics 5 (3):211-215.
  39.  45
    Problems and Prospects of Interdisciplinary Philosophy of Science: A Report From the Workbench.Marie I. Kaiser, Maria Kronfeldner & Robert Meunier - 2015 - Briefe Zur Interdisziplinarität 15:32-41.
    Early-career philosophers of science often find themselves caught between a rock and a hard place, facing conflicting demands. While they have to meet the rigorous standards of a career in philosophy, they are at the same time expected to possess detailed knowledge of the sciences they study. By pulling in different directions, these two poles can be difficult to bridge. Interdisciplinarily engaged philosophers of science face not just an increased workload but also institutional conditions that are not always supportive for (...)
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  40. Fish-Farming and the Precautionary Principle: Context and Values in Environmental Science for Policy. [REVIEW]Matthias Kaiser - 1997 - Foundations of Science 2 (2):307-341.
    The paper starts with the assumption that the Precautionary Principle (PP) is one of the most important elements of the concept of sustainability. It is noted that PP has entered international treaties and national law. PP is widely referred to as a central principle of environmental policy. However, the precise content of PP remains largely unclear. In particular it seems unclear how PP relates to science. In section 2 of the paper a general overview of some historical and systematic features (...)
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  41.  26
    Age of Second Language Acquisition in Multilinguals has an Impact on Gray Matter Volume in Language-Associated Brain Areas.Anelis Kaiser, Leila S. Eppenberger, Renata Smieskova, Stefan Borgwardt, Esther Kuenzli, Ernst-Wilhelm Radue, Cordula Nitsch & Kerstin Bendfeldt - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  42.  10
    Self-Directedness and the Susceptibility to Distraction by Saliency.Katharina Dinica, Liliana Ramona Demenescu, Anton Lord, Anna Linda Krause, Roselinde Kaiser, Dorothea Horn, Coraline Danielle Metzger & Martin Walter - 2016 - Cognition and Emotion 30 (8).
  43.  20
    Toward Old Testament Ethics.Walter C. Kaiser - 1983 - Zondervan.
    Only six men have written a major work on Old Testament ethics in the last hundred years, and only two of these works, both written before 1900, are in English.
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  44.  18
    Dynamics of Auditory Working Memory.Jochen Kaiser - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  45.  12
    Fixing Identity by Denying Uniqueness: An Analysis of Professional Identity in Medicine.Rachel Kaiser - 2002 - Journal of Medical Humanities 23 (2):95-105.
    Cultural forces such as film create and reinforce rigidly-defined images of a doctor's identity for both the public and for medical students. The authoritarian and hierarchical institution of medical school also encourages students to adopt rigidly-defined professional identities. This restrictive identity helps to perpetuate the power of the patriarchy, limits uniqueness, squelches inquisitiveness, and damages one's self-confidence. This paper explores the construction of a physician's identity using cultural theorists' psychoanalytic analyses of gender and race as a framework of analysis. Cultural (...)
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  46.  28
    A Mannheim for All Seasons: Bloor, Merton, and the Roots of the Sociology of Scientific Knowledge.David Kaiser - 1998 - Science in Context 11 (1):51-87.
  47.  11
    A Brief Review of Exercise, Bipolar Disorder, and Mechanistic Pathways.Daniel Thomson, Alyna Turner, Sue Lauder, Margaret E. Gigler, Lesley Berk, Ajeet B. Singh, Julie A. Pasco, Michael Berk & Louisa Sylvia - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  48.  7
    Training and the Generalist’s Vision in the History of Science.David Kaiser - 2005 - Isis 96 (2):244-251.
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  49.  28
    Über Eine Verallgemeinerung der Robinsonschen Modellvervollständigung I.Klaus Kaiser - 1969 - Zeitschrift fur mathematische Logik und Grundlagen der Mathematik 15 (1-3):37-48.
  50.  58
    An Ontic Account of Explanatory Reduction in Biology.Marie I. Kaiser - 2012 - Köln: Kölner Hochschulschriften.
    Convincing disputes about explanatory reductionism in the philosophy of biology require a clear and precise understanding of what a reductive explanation in biology is. The central aim of this book is to provide such an account by revealing the features that determine the reductive character of a biological explanation. Chapters I-IV provide the ground, on which I can then, in Chapter V, develop my own account of explanatory reduction in biology: Chapter I reveals the meta-philosophical assumptions that underlie my analysis (...)
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