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T. A., Thomas, Tom Cavanaugh
University of San Francisco
  1. Double-Effect Reasoning: Doing Good and Avoiding Evil.T. A. Cavanaugh - 2006 - Oxford University Press.
    T. A. Cavanaugh defends double-effect reasoning (DER), also known as the principle of double effect. DER plays a role in anti-consequentialist ethics (such as deontology), in hard cases in which one cannot realize a good without also causing a foreseen, but not intended, bad effect (for example, killing non-combatants when bombing a military target). This study is the first book-length account of the history and issues surrounding this controversial approach to hard cases. It will be indispensable in theoretical ethics, applied (...)
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    Anscombe, Thomson, and Double Effect.T. A. Cavanaugh - 2016 - American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 90 (2):263-280.
    In “Modern Moral Philosophy” Anscombe argues that the distinction between intention of an end or means and foresight of a consequentially comparable outcome proves crucial in act-evaluation. The deontologist J. J. Thomson disagrees. She asserts that Anscombe mistakes the distinction’s moral import; it bears on agent-evaluation, not act-evaluation. I map out the contours of this dispute. I show that it implicates other disagreements, some to be expected and others not to be expected. Amongst the expected, one finds the ethicists’ accounts (...)
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    Anscombe, Thomson, and Double Effect in Advance.T. A. Cavanaugh - forthcoming - American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly.
  4.  31
    Temporal Indiscriminateness: The Case of Cluster Bombs.T. A. Cavanaugh - 2010 - Science and Engineering Ethics 16 (1):135-145.
    This paper argues that the current stock of anti-personnel cluster bombs are temporally indiscriminate, and, therefore, unjust weapons. The paper introduces and explains the idea of temporal indiscriminateness. It argues that to honor non-combatant immunity—in addition to not targeting civilians—one must adequately target combatants. Due to their high dud rate, cluster submunitions fail to target combatants with sufficient temporal accuracy, and, thereby, result in avoidable serious harm to non-combatants. The paper concludes that non-combatant immunity and the principle of discrimination require (...)
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    Aristotle’s Voluntary / Deliberate Distinction, Double-Effect Reasoning, and Ethical Relevance.T. A. Cavanaugh - 2014 - International Philosophical Quarterly 54 (4):367-378.
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    Double-Effect Reasoning Defended.T. A. Cavanaugh - 2012 - Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 86:267-279.
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    DER and Policy.T. A. Cavanaugh - 2015 - American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 89 (3):539-556.
    If viable, DER justifies certain individual acts that—by definition—have two effects. Presumably, it would in some fashion justify policies concerning the very same acts. By contrast, acts that sometimes have a good effect and sometimes have a bad effect do not have the requisite two effects such that DER can justify them immediately. Yet, a policy concerning numerous such acts would have the requisite good and bad effects. For while any one such act would lack the relevant two effects, a (...)
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    Permissible Killing: The Self-Defence Justification of Homicide.T. A. Cavanaugh - 1995 - Review of Metaphysics 49 (2):444-445.
    Suzanne Uniacke has written an adventurous and philosophically elegant work in which she justifies the intentional use of necessary and proportionate lethal force in private homicidal self-defense. Her contribution will interest those engaged in discussions concerning the ethics of homicide.
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    We Acknowledge with Thanks Receipt of the Following Titles. Inclusion in This List Neither Implies nor Precludes Subsequent.Don S. Browning, T. A. Cavanaugh, Celia Deane-Drummond, Peter Manley Scott, Malcolm Duncan, Julia A. Fleming & Stephen J. Grabill - 2007 - Studies in Christian Ethics 20:318-319.
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