Results for 'T. O���Brien'

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  1.  22
    Embodiment and Estrangement: Results From a First-in-Human “Intelligent BCI” Trial.F. Gilbert, M. Cook, T. O’Brien & J. Illes - 2019 - Science and Engineering Ethics 25 (1):83-96.
    While new generations of implantable brain computer interface devices are being developed, evidence in the literature about their impact on the patient experience is lagging. In this article, we address this knowledge gap by analysing data from the first-in-human clinical trial to study patients with implanted BCI advisory devices. We explored perceptions of self-change across six patients who volunteered to be implanted with artificially intelligent BCI devices. We used qualitative methodological tools grounded in phenomenology to conduct in-depth, semi-structured interviews. Results (...)
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  2. The Worlds of American Intellectual History.Joel Isaac, James T. Kloppenberg, Michael O'Brien & Jennifer Ratner-Rosenhagen (eds.) - 2017 - Oxford University Press USA.
    The essays in this book demonstrate the breadth and vitality of American intellectual history. Their core theme is the diversity of both American intellectual life and of the frameworks that we must use to make sense of that diversity. The Worlds of American Intellectual History has at its heart studies of American thinkers. Yet it follows these thinkers and their ideas as they have crossed national, institutional, and intellectual boundaries. The volume explores ways in which American ideas have circulated in (...)
     
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  3.  6
    The Impact of Interpersonal Discrimination and Stress on Health and Performance for Early Career STEM Academicians.Katharine R. O’Brien, Samuel T. McAbee, Michelle R. Hebl & John R. Rodgers - 2016 - Frontiers in Psychology 7.
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  4. Mental Logic and Irrationality: We Can Put a Man on the Moon, so Why Can't We Solve Those Logical Reasoning Problems.D. P. O'Brien - 1993 - In K. I. Manktelow & D. E. Over (eds.), Rationality: Psychological and Philosophical Perspectives. Routledge. pp. 110--135.
     
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  5. How Do Connectionist Networks Compute?Gerard O'Brien & Jonathan Opie - 2006 - Cognitive Processing 7 (1):30-41.
    Although connectionism is advocated by its proponents as an alternative to the classical computational theory of mind, doubts persist about its _computational_ credentials. Our aim is to dispel these doubts by explaining how connectionist networks compute. We first develop a generic account of computation—no easy task, because computation, like almost every other foundational concept in cognitive science, has resisted canonical definition. We opt for a characterisation that does justice to the explanatory role of computation in cognitive science. Next we examine (...)
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  6.  10
    Common to Body and Soul: Philosophical Approaches to Explaining Living Behaviour.R. A. H. King, E. Hussey, R. Dilcher, D. O'Brien, T. Buchheim, P. -M. Morel, T. K. Johansen, R. W. Sharples, C. Rapp, C. Gill & R. J. Hankinson - unknown
    The volume presents essays on the philosophical explanation of the relationship between body and soul in antiquity from the Presocratics to Galen. The title of the volume alludes to a phrase found in Plato, Aristotle and Plotinus, referring to aspects of living behaviour involving both body and soul, and is a commonplace in ancient philosophy, dealt with in very different ways by different authors.
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  7.  18
    Change in Perfusion, Hallucinations and Fluctuations in Consciousness in Dementia with Lewy Bodies.John T. O'Brien, Michael J. Firbank, Urs P. Mosimann, David J. Burn & Ian G. McKeith - 2005 - Psychiatry Research 139 (2):79-88.
  8. The Letter to the Ephesians.Peter T. O'Brien - 1999
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  9. Cognitive Science and Phenomenal Consciousness: A Dilemma, and How to Avoid It.Gerard O'Brien & Jon Opie - 1997 - Philosophical Psychology 10 (3):269-86.
    When it comes to applying computational theory to the problem of phenomenal consciousness, cognitive scientists appear to face a dilemma. The only strategy that seems to be available is one that explains consciousness in terms of special kinds of computational processes. But such theories, while they dominate the field, have counter-intuitive consequences; in particular, they force one to accept that phenomenal experience is composed of information processing effects. For cognitive scientists, therefore, it seems to come down to a choice between (...)
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  10. Connectionism, Analogicity and Mental Content.Gerard O'Brien - 1998 - Acta Analytica 13:111-31.
    In Connectionism and the Philosophy of Psychology, Horgan and Tienson (1996) argue that cognitive processes, pace classicism, are not governed by exceptionless, “representation-level” rules; they are instead the work of defeasible cognitive tendencies subserved by the non-linear dynamics of the brain’s neural networks. Many theorists are sympathetic with the dynamical characterisation of connectionism and the general (re)conception of cognition that it affords. But in all the excitement surrounding the connectionist revolution in cognitive science, it has largely gone unnoticed that connectionism (...)
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  11.  59
    Side Effects and Asymmetry in Act-Type Attribution.Lilian O'Brien - 2015 - Philosophical Psychology 28 (7):1012-1025.
    Joshua Knobe's work has marshaled considerable support for the hypothesis that everyday judgments of whether an action is intentional are systematically influenced by evaluations of the action or agent. The main source of evidence for this hypothesis is a series of surveys that involve an agent either helping or harming something as a side effect. Respondents are much more likely to judge the side effect intentional if harm is involved. It is a remarkable feature of the discussion so far that (...)
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  12.  38
    Disunity Defended: A Reply to Bayne.Gerard O'Brien & Jonathan Opie - 2000 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 78 (2):255-263.
  13.  48
    Beyond Psychologism and Anti-Psychologism.Lilian O’Brien - 2015 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 18 (2):281-295.
    What is special about successful action explanation is that it reveals what the agent saw in her action. Most contemporary philosophers assume that this amounts to explanation in terms of the reason for which the agent acted. They also assume that such explanations conform to a realist picture of explanation. What is disputed is whether the reason is a psychological state or a normative state of affairs . I argue that neither psychological states nor their contents suffice to make actions (...)
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  14.  30
    T. J. Mawson: God and the Meanings of Life: Bloomsbury, London, 2016, 229 Pages Paperback.Wendell O’Brien - 2017 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 82 (2):241-245.
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  15. The Long Affair: Thomas Jefferson and the French Revolution, 1785-1800. By Conor Cruise O'Brien.J. T. Pekacz - 1998 - The European Legacy 3:147-147.
     
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  16. "If Nonprofit Doesn't Mean" No Profit," How Much Is Enough in Health Care?".Mark Bartlett, Michael Delucia, Charles Goheen, John O'Brien, Gerald Wedig Moderated & Bruce McPherson - forthcoming - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy.
     
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  17.  22
    The Book of Leinster, Formerly Lebor Na Núachongbála. R. I. Best, Osborn Bergin, M. A. O'Brien.Robert T. Meyer - 1956 - Speculum 31 (2):346-347.
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  18.  25
    The Book of Leinster, Formerly Lebar Na Núachonngbála. R. I. Best, M. A. O'Brien.Robert T. Meyer - 1958 - Speculum 33 (2):265-266.
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  19.  19
    The Book of Leinster, Formerly Lebar Na Núachongbála. R. I. Best, M. A. O'Brien.Robert T. Meyer - 1971 - Speculum 46 (4):727-728.
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  20.  26
    The Book of Leinster, Formerly Lebar Na Núachongbála. R. I. Best, M. A. O'Brien. [REVIEW]Robert T. Meyer - 1966 - Speculum 41 (4):729-729.
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  21. Mental Actions.Lucy O'Brien & Matthew Soteriou (eds.) - 2009 - Oxford University Press.
    The twelve specially written essays in this volume investigate the neglected topic of mental action, and show its importance for the metaphysics, epistemology, and phenomenology of mind. The essays investigate what mental actions are, how we are aware of them, and what is the relationship between mental and physical action.
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  22. Philosophy of Action.Lilian O'Brien - 2014 - Palgrave MacMillan.
    I am working on a substantially revised second edition of this. It is due to be published by Palgrave in 2022.
     
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  23.  97
    Self-Knowing Agents.Lucy O'Brien - 2007 - Oxford University Press.
    Lucy O'Brien argues that a satisfactory account of first-person reference and self-knowledge needs to concentrate on our nature as agents. Clearly written, with rigorous discussion of rival views, this book will be of interest to anyone working in the philosophy of mind and action.
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  24.  13
    Cultural Value, Measurement and Policy Making.Dave O’Brien - 2015 - Arts and Humanities in Higher Education 14 (1):79-94.
    No matter what the national context, the question of how to understand the impact of government programmes, particularly in terms of value for money, has emerged as a complex problem to be solved by social scientific management. This article engages with these trends in two ways. It focuses on the UK to understand how these tools and technologies are used for valuing objects and practices. By showing the rationality for using these techniques for understanding culture, it creates a link between (...)
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  25.  12
    The Aesthetic Significance of Nature's Otherness.Marianne O'Brien - 2006 - Environmental Values 15 (1):99-111.
    In this article I consider and reflect upon the aesthetic significance of Simon Hailwood's conception of nature as articulated in an earlier volume of this journal in his paper 'The Value of Nature's Otherness'. I provide a brief elucidation of Hailwood's conception of nature as other and I maintain that recognition of the value of nature's otherness and respect for nature's otherness requires as a necessary condition that one know and perceive that nature is other. I then go on to (...)
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  26.  35
    Global Unions? Theory and Strategies of Organised Labour in the Global Political Economy, Edited by Jeffrey Harrod and Robert O'Brien.Mark O'Brien - 2006 - Historical Materialism 14 (2):229-239.
  27.  35
    Intentionality Lite or Analog Content?: A Response to Hutto and Satne.Gerard O’Brien & Jon Opie - 2015 - Philosophia 43 (3):723-729.
    In their target article, Hutto and Satne eloquently articulate the failings of most current attempts to naturalize mental content. Furthermore, we think they are correct in their insistence that the only way forward is by drawing a distinction between two kinds of intentionality, one of which is considerably weaker than—and should be deployed to explain—the propositional variety most philosophers take for granted. The problem is that their own rendering of this weaker form of intentionality—contentless intentionality—is too weak. What’s needed is (...)
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  28.  31
    A Border Dispute: The Place of Logic in Psychology. John Macnamara.David P. O'Brien - 1990 - Philosophy of Science 57 (2):347-349.
  29. An Introduction to the Theory of Knowledge.Dan O'Brien - 2006 - Polity.
    _An Introduction to the Theory of Knowledge_ guides the reader through the key issues and debates in contemporary epistemology. Lucid, comprehensive and accessible, it is an ideal textbook for students who are new to the subject and for university undergraduates. The book is divided into five parts. Part I discusses the concept of knowledge and distinguishes between different types of knowledge. Part II surveys the sources of knowledge, considering both _a priori_ and _a posteriori_ knowledge. Parts III and IV provide (...)
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  30. An Empirical Test of a Cross-National Model of Corporate Social Responsibility.Ali M. Quazi & Dennis O'Brien - 2000 - Journal of Business Ethics 25 (1):33-51.
    Most models of corporate social responsibility revolve around the controversy as to whether business is a single dimensional entity of profit maximization or a multi-dimensional entity serving greater societal interests. Furthermore, the models are mostly descriptive in nature and are based on the experiences of western countries. There has been little attempt to develop a model that accounts for corporate social responsibility in diverse environments with differing socio-cultural and market settings. In this paper an attempt has been made to fill (...)
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  31.  88
    Cultural Niche Construction: An Introduction.Kevin N. Laland & Michael J. O’Brien - 2011 - Biological Theory 6 (3):191-202.
    Niche construction is the process whereby organisms, through their activities and choices, modify their own and each other’s niches. By transforming natural-selection pressures, niche construction generates feedback in evolution at various different levels. Niche-constructing species play important ecological roles by creating habitats and resources used by other species and thereby affecting the flow of energy and matter through ecosystems—a process often referred to as “ecosystem engineering.” An important emphasis of niche construction theory is that acquired characters play an evolutionary role (...)
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  32. Responses to O'Brien and Shoemaker.Richard Moran - 2003 - European Journal of Philosophy 11 (3):402-19.
  33.  14
    The Effects of Closed-Loop Brain Implants on Autonomy and Deliberation: What Are the Risks of Being Kept in the Loop?Frederic Gilbert, Terence O’Brien & Mark Cook - 2018 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 27 (2):316-325.
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  34.  98
    Final Version: O'Brien, L. F. , 'Solipsism and Self-Reference', European Journal of Philosophy 4:175-194.Lucy O'Brien - manuscript
    In this paper I want to propose that we see solipsism as arising from certain problems we have about identifying ourselves as subjects in an objective world. The discussion will centre on Wittgenstein’s treatment of solipsism in his Tractatus Logico- Philosophicus. In that work Wittgenstein can be seen to express an unusually profound understanding of the problems faced in trying to give an account of how we, who are subjects, identify ourselves as objects in the world. We have in his (...)
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  35.  26
    Empedocles' Cosmic Cycle: A Reconstruction From the Fragments and Secondary Sources.Denis O'Brien - 1969 - London: Cambridge University Press.
    The cosmic cycle described in the surviving fragments of Empedocles' poem is the alternation, in endless succession, of Love and Strife. Dr O'Brien's book is primarily an analysis of this elaborate system. It seeks to determine the positions which Love and Strife occupy in the world at different times.
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  36. Truths Men Live by a Philosophy of Religion and Life.John A. O'Brien - 1946 - Our Sunday Visitor Press.
     
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  37.  85
    Leaping Ahead of Heidegger: Subjectivity and Intersubjectivity in Being and Time.Mahon O’Brien - 2014 - International Journal of Philosophical Studies 22 (4):534-551.
    Heidegger?s accounts of Dasein?s dual nature as both individual and social in Being and Time have been a longstanding source of confusion and controversy in the literature. Many critics have been keen to identify contradictions between Heidegger?s positive account of the social nature of everyday Dasein and the putatively solipsistic account of authentic Dasein which comes later. This paper focuses on Heidegger?s brief attempts to sketch the outlines for the notion of something like authentic intersubjectivity. In doing so we will (...)
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  38.  17
    Selling Appropriate Development Vs. Selling-Out Rural Communities: Empowerment and Control in Indigengous Knowledge Discourse. [REVIEW]William E. O'Brien & Cornelia Butler Flora - 1992 - Agriculture and Human Values 9 (2):95-102.
    This paper looks at the languages of empowerment and control as they are expressed by authors writing about “indigenous knowledge.” We performed a content analysis on CIKARD News, a newsletter dealing with the concept of indigenous knowledge. This concept has become increasingly prominent in the discourse of alternative development, addressing issues of ecological sustainability and the empowerment of the rural poor. However, mediated by institutions that perpetuate global and local power asymmetries, the empowering potential of indigenous knowledge may be bypassed. (...)
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  39.  12
    Eye‐Tracking and Translation Memory Matches.O'Brien Sharon - 2007 - Perspectives 14 (3):185-205.
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  40.  11
    Confidentiality and the Duties of Care.J. O'Brien - 2003 - Journal of Medical Ethics 29 (1):36-40.
    Doctors have an ethical and legal duty to respect patient confidentiality. We consider the basis for this duty, looking particularly at the meaning and value of autonomy in health care. Enabling patients to decide how information about them is disclosed is an important element in autonomy and helps patients engage as active partners in their care.Good quality data is, however, essential for research, education, public health monitoring, and for many other activities essential to provision of health care. We discuss whether (...)
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  41.  50
    A Feminist Interpretation of Hume on Testimony.Dan O'Brien - 2010 - Hypatia 25 (3):632 - 652.
    Hume is usually taken to have an evidentialist account of testimonial belief: one is justified in believing what someone says if one has empincal evidence that they have been reliable in the past. This account is impartialist: such evidence is required no matter who the person is, or what refotions she may have to you. I, however, argue that Hume has another account of testimony, one grounded in sympathy. This account is partialist, in that empincal evidence is not required in (...)
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  42.  25
    The Socratic Paradoxes and the Greek Mind.Michael John O'Brien - 1967 - Chapel Hill, University of North Carolina Press.
  43. Mental Logic.Martin D. S. Braine & David P. O'brien - 2001 - Studia Logica 68 (2):297-299.
  44.  6
    Platonic Dialogues and Platonic Principles.Carl S. O’Brien - 2021 - International Journal of the Platonic Tradition 15 (1):90-98.
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  45. Perceptual Deficits in Autism and Asperger Syndrome: Form and Motion Processing.J. O'Brien & J. Spencer - 2004 - In Robert Schwartz (ed.), Perception. Malden Ma: Blackwell. pp. 33--28.
     
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  46.  3
    Hegel on Reason and History: A Contemporary Interpretation.Dennis O'Brien - 1975 - University of Chicago Press.
  47.  18
    A Theory of If: A Lexical Entry, Reasoning Program, and Pragmatic Principles.Martin D. Braine & David P. O'Brien - 1991 - Psychological Review 98 (2):182-203.
  48.  73
    Category Learning and Multiple Memory Systems.F. Gregory Ashby & Jeffrey B. O'Brien - 2005 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 9 (2):83-89.
  49.  13
    Interaction Between Synesthetically Corresponding Dimensions.Robert D. Melara & Thomas P. O'Brien - 1987 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 116 (4):323-336.
  50.  40
    Video Tools for Teaching Ethics: Two Video Reviews by Sean O'Brien.Sean O'Brien - 1997 - Journal of Mass Media Ethics 12 (2):120 – 122.
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