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T. R. Girill
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory
  1.  80
    Three Problems Regarding Medical Triage.T. R. Girill - 1980 - Metamedicine 1 (2):135-153.
    This paper presents preliminary solutions to three conceptual problems posed by the use of triage to sort candidates for scarce medical resources: (1) By what criteria are the candidates grouped? (2) To what extent can triage be justified? (3) Under what conditions are different versions of triage equivalent? Four explicit methods of applying triage are described and compared, with the aid of examples. The extent to which they either maximize expected utility or show cost-benefit dominance is discussed. And cases in (...)
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  2.  25
    Philosophy’s Relevance to Technical Writing.T. R. Girill - 1984 - International Journal of Applied Philosophy 2 (2):89-95.
    This paper inventories the skills needed for success as a technical writer. I argue that while some of these are undeniably vocational, others are general and analytic. With specific examples, I show the relevance of four mainstream philosophical skills to the problem of document design (making distinctions, extracting important patterns, detecting logical structure, and assessing alternatives) and I contend that truly effective technical writing presupposes such skills.
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  3.  51
    Analogies and Models Revisited.T. R. Girill - 1972 - Philosophy of Science 39 (2):241-244.
  4.  18
    The Logic of Scientific Puzzles.T. R. Girill - 1973 - Zeitschrift Für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 4 (1):25-40.
    Puzzle-solving, like several other everyday activities, appears in a more sophisticated and ramified form in the realm of natural science. Improving on Thomas Kuhn's rudimentary account of puzzles in science, this paper formulates logical and functional criteria for the occurrence of scientific puzzles, and examines the two-fold nature of their solutions. Then, with the aid of erotetic logic, puzzle-posing questions are identified, their presuppositional relations to scientific theory and explanations are explored, and a new tool for history of science research (...)
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  5.  13
    On the Defeasibility of Duties.T. R. Girill - 1978 - Journal of Value Inquiry 12 (3):197-209.
  6.  12
    Identity, Causality, and the Regressiveness of Micro‐Explanations.T. R. Girill - 1974 - Dialectica 28 (3‐4):223-238.
    SummaryThe traditional account of micro‐reductive explanations, in terms of bridge‐law derivations and attribute‐identities, is subjected to critical analysis. Formal expositions of this approach especially those of R. L. Causey, are shown to have oversimplified certain relations between micro‐parts and wholes, and between identities and explanations, and to have neglected a key difference between homogeneous and heterogeneous micro‐explanatory contexts. An alternative treatment of part‐explanation adequacy is outlined and illustrated.
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  7.  28
    Philosophical Problems of Science and Technology.T. R. Girill - 1975 - Teaching Philosophy 1 (1):75-77.
  8.  17
    The Moral Imperative.T. R. Girill - 1976 - Teaching Philosophy 1 (4):482-482.
  9.  15
    Are Requirement and Confirmation Analogous?T. R. Girill - 1978 - Philosophical Studies 33 (4):339 - 349.
  10.  1
    Explanatory Pragmatics.T. R. Girill - 1977 - Philosophy Research Archives 3:181-232.
    Although context and comparison are widely regarded as vital to explanatory pragmatics, no systematic treatment of them is available which is free from unnecessary vagueness. The goal of this paper, therefore, is to develop a network of clear, explicit principles describing the conditions under which an audience finds a sentential explanation pragmatically adequate. Previous suggestions are spelled out overtly, and revised or rejected when they cannot overcome counter-examples. The roles and interrelationships of type appropriateness, explanatory power and explanatory appeal as (...)
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  11.  2
    Galileo and Platonistic Methodology.T. R. Girill - 1970 - Journal of the History of Ideas 31 (4):501.
    This paper is a critical examination the claim that Galileo was a Platonist. It contends that neither his use of mathematics (as Koyre asserts), nor his hypothetic-deductive method of testing (as Cassirer maintains), nor a realistic interpretation of this abstract theories (as Crombie argues) offers reasonable and consistent evidence that Galileo shared or advocated the metaphysics or methods of Plato.
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  12.  1
    Evaluating Micro-Explanations.T. R. Girill - 1976 - Erkenntnis 10 (3):387 - 405.
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  13.  19
    Formal Models and Achinstein's "Analogies".T. R. Girill - 1971 - Philosophy of Science 38 (1):96-104.
  14.  16
    The Parti-Resultantness of Requirement: An Explanation That Failed.T. R. Girill & Barbara Baum Levenbook - 1980 - Philosophical Studies 37 (3):237 - 249.
  15.  8
    Criteria for the Part-Whole Relation in Micro-Reductions.T. R. Girill - 1976 - Philosophia 6 (1):69-79.
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  16.  6
    The Problem of Micro-Explanation.T. R. Girill - 1976 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1976:47-55.
    There seem to exist special conditions unique to those scientific explanations which exmploy micro-parts under which alone such explanations are considered intellectually adequate. Two attempts to specify these conditions have been endorsed since antiquity, but serious counter-examples exist for each one. This paper contends that only in certain circumstances may each of the traditional criteria of adequacy be regarded as acceptable, identifies these circumstances, and examines the consequences of adopting such a dualistic or contextual solution to the problem of micro-explanation.
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  17.  6
    Are Micro-Entities Picturable?T. R. Girill - 1976 - Philosophy of Science 43 (4):570-574.
  18.  4
    Approximative Explanation.T. R. Girill - 1978 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1978:186 - 196.
    This paper develops an explicit, pragmatic solution to the problem of deciding when an explanans which only approximately "covers" a desired event-explanandum E is acceptable as an adequate explanation. It shows in detail how comparisons made by the explanation's audience with the numerical value in E are what determine how closely E must be approximated for success. With the aid of several physics examples, it spells out the principles that govern these explanandum-comparisons, the conditions under which those principles hold, and (...)
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  19.  2
    On the Comparison of Inductive Support with Deontic Requirement.T. R. Girill - 1979 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 9 (1):145-159.
    That the concepts of confirmation and requirement are very similar has recently been suggested by the discovery of four analogies between them. This conjecture is tested by comparing examples of each relation. I show that both of these relations can be "defeated" in two similar ways. But I also argue for two important dissimilarities between them: 1) when faced with certain inconsistencies, requirement suffers much more drastically than confirmation, and 2) confirmation is partiresultant in a sense in which requirement is (...)
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  20. I. Lakatos and A. Musgrave , "Criticism and the Growth of Knowledge". [REVIEW]T. R. Girill - 1973 - Metaphilosophy 4:246.
     
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  21. Reviews. [REVIEW]T. R. Girill - 1973 - Metaphilosophy 4 (3):246–260.
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