Results for 'T. Rolls Edmund'

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  1.  50
    Value, Pleasure and Choice in the Ventral Prefrontal Cortex.Fabian Grabenhorst & Edmund T. Rolls - 2011 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 15 (2):56-67.
    Rapid advances have recently been made in understanding how value-based decision-making processes are implemented in the brain. We integrate neuroeconomic and computational approaches with evidence on the neural correlates of value and experienced pleasure to describe how systems for valuation and decision-making are organized in the prefrontal cortex of humans and other primates. We show that the orbitofrontal and ventromedial prefrontal (VMPFC) cortices compute expected value, reward outcome and experienced pleasure for different stimuli on a common value scale. Attractor networks (...)
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  2. What Are Emotional States, and Why Do We Have Them?Edmund T. Rolls - 2013 - Emotion Review 5 (3):241-247.
    An approach to emotion is described in which emotions are defined as states elicited by instrumental reinforcers, that is, by stimuli that are the goals for action. This leads to a theory of the evolutionary adaptive value of emotions, which is that different genes specify different goals in their own self-interest, and any actions can then be learned and performed by instrumental learning to obtain the goals. The brain mechanisms for emotion in brain regions such as the orbitofrontal and anterior (...)
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  3. Emotion, Higher-Order Syntactic Thoughts, and Consciousness.Edmund T. Rolls - 2008 - In Lawrence Weiskrantz & Martin Davies (eds.), Frontiers of Consciousness. Oxford University Press. pp. 131--167.
  4.  3
    Functions of Neuronal Networks in the Hippocampus and of Backprojections in the Cerebral Cortex in Memory.Edmund T. Rolls - 1990 - In J. McGaugh, Jerry Weinberger & G. Lynch (eds.), Brain Organization and Memory. Guilford Press. pp. 184--210.
  5.  32
    Précis of the Brain and Emotion.Edmund T. Rolls - 2000 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (2):177-191.
    The topics treated in The brain and emotion include the definition, nature, and functions of emotion (Ch. 3); the neural bases of emotion (Ch. 4); reward, punishment, and emotion in brain design (Ch. 10); a theory of consciousness and its application to understanding emotion and pleasure (Ch. 9); and neural networks and emotion-related learning (Appendix). The approach is that emotions can be considered as states elicited by reinforcers (rewards and punishers). This approach helps with understanding the functions of emotion, with (...)
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  6. Affective Feelings and Aesthetics.Edmund T. Rolls - 2011 - In Elisabeth Schellekens & Peter Goldie (eds.), The Aesthetic Mind: Philosophy and Psychology. Oxford University Press. pp. 116.
  7.  11
    A Theory of Emotion, and its Application to Understanding the Neural Basis of Emotion.Edmund T. Rolls - 1990 - Cognition and Emotion 4 (3):161-190.
  8.  82
    Representations in the Brain.Edmund T. Rolls - 2001 - Synthese 129 (2):153-171.
    The representation of objects and faces by neurons in the temporal lobe visual cortical areas of primates has the property that the neurons encode relatively independent information in their firing rates. This means that the number of stimuli that can be encoded increases exponentially with the number of neurons in an ensemble. Moreover, the information can be read by receiving neurons that perform just a synaptically weighted sum of the firing rates being received. Some ways in which these representations become (...)
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  9.  6
    On the Relation Between the Mind and the Brain: A Neuroscience Perspective.Edmund T. Rolls - 2013 - Philosophia Scientiae 17 (2):31-70.
    Dans cet article, je montre que les neurosciences computationnelles fournissent une nouvelle approche pertinente à des problèmes traditionnels en philosophie tels que la relation entre les états mentaux et cérébraux , le déterminisme et le libre arbitre, et peut nous aider à traiter le problème « difficile » des aspects phénoménaux de la conscience. Un des thèmes de cet article et de mon livre Neuroculture: on the Implications of Brain Science est qu’en comprenant les calculs effectués par les neurones et (...)
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  10.  35
    On the Brain and Emotion.Edmund T. Rolls - 2000 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (2):219-228.
    There are many advantages to defining emotions as states elicited by reinforcers, with the states having a set of different functions. This approach leads towards an understanding of the nature of emotion, of its evolutionary adaptive value, and of many principles of brain design. It also leads towards a foundation for many of the processes that underlie evolutionary psychology and behavioral ecology. It is shown that recent as well as previous evidence implicates the amygdala and orbitofrontal cortex in positive as (...)
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  11.  1
    On the Relation Between the Mind and the Brain: A Neuroscience Perspective.Edmund T. Rolls - 2013 - Philosophia Scientae 17:31-70.
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  12.  32
    A Higher Order Syntactic Thought Theory of Consciousness.Edmund T. Rolls - 2004 - In Rocco J. Gennaro (ed.), Higher-Order Theories of Consciousness: An Anthology. John Benjamins.
  13. A Theory of Emotion and Consciousness, and its Application to Understanding the Neural Basis of Emotion.Edmund T. Rolls - 1995 - In Michael S. Gazzaniga (ed.), The Cognitive Neurosciences. MIT Press.
  14.  7
    The Affective Neuroscience of Consciousness: Higher Order Syntactic Thoughts, Dual Routes to Emotion and Action, and Consciousness.Edmund T. Rolls - 2007 - In Philip David Zelazo, Morris Moscovitch & Evan Thompson (eds.), Cambridge Handbook of Consciousness. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  15.  14
    Consciousness in Neural Networks?Edmund T. Rolls - 1997 - Neural Networks 10:1227-1303.
  16.  80
    Cognition, Computation, and Consciousness.Masao Itō, Y. Miyashita & Edmund T. Rolls (eds.) - 1997 - Oxford University Press.
    Understanding consciousness is a truly multidisciplinary project, attracting intense interest from researchers and theorists from diverse backgrounds. Thus, we now have computational scientists, neuroscientists, and philosophers all engaged in the same effort. This book draws together the work of leading researchers around the world, providing insights from these three general perspectives. The work is highlighted by a rare look at work being conducted by Japanese researchers.
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  17. [Book Chapter].M. Ito, Y. Miyashita & Edmund T. Rolls (eds.) - 1997 - Oxford University Press.
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  18. Consciousness Absent and Present: A Neurophysiological Exploration of Masking.Edmund T. Rolls - 2006 - In Haluk Ögmen & Bruno G. Breitmeyer (eds.), The First Half Second: The Microgenesis and Temporal Dynamics of Unconscious and Conscious Visual Processes. MIT Press. pp. 89-108.
  19. Memory, Attention, and Decision-Making: A Unifying Computational Neuroscience Approach.Edmund T. Rolls - 2007 - Oxford University Press.
    Memory, attention, and decision-making are three major areas of cognitive neuroscience. They are however frequently studied in isolation, using a range of models to understand them. This book brings a unified approach to understanding these three processes, showing how these fundamental functions can be understood in a common and unifying framework.
     
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  20. Neuroculture: On the Implications of Brain Science.Edmund T. Rolls - 2012 - Oxford University Press.
    Why do we have emotions? What is the relationship between mind and brain? Why do we appreciate art? How do we make decisions? Why do so many people follow religions? Neuroculture considers the implications of our modern understanding of how the brain works, and how it can help us understand many mental issues central to everyday life.
     
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  21. ShimonUllmanHigh-Level Vision: Object Recognition and Visual Cognition£ 29.50 (Xviii+ 412 Pages) 1996MIT PressBradfordISBN 0 262 21013 4. [REVIEW]Edmund T. Rolls - 1997 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 1 (5):197.
     
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  22. What Are Emotions, Why Do We Have Emotions, and What is Their Computational Basis in the Brain?Edmund T. Rolls - 2004 - In J. Fellous (ed.), Who Needs Emotions. Oxford University Press.
     
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  23.  16
    The Brain and Emotion by Edmund T. Rolls.Anthony G. Phillips - 1999 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 3 (7):281-282.
  24. Face Neurons.Edmund Rolls - 2011 - In Andy Calder, Gillian Rhodes, Mark Johnson & Jim Haxby (eds.), Oxford Handbook of Face Perception. Oxford University Press.
    Neurophysiological evidence showing that some neurons in the macaque inferior temporal visual cortex and cortex in the superior temporal sulcus have responses that are invariant with respect to the position, size, and in some cases view of faces, and that these neurons show rapid processing and rapid learning. This chapter provides a whole area of research which show how taste, olfactory, visual, and somatosensory reward is decoded and represented in the orbitofrontal cortex and has led to a theory of emotion, (...)
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  25. Functions of Neuronal Networks in the Hippocampus and Cerebral Cortex in Memory.E. T. Rolls - 1989 - In Rodney M. J. Cotterill (ed.), Models of Brain Function. Cambridge University Press. pp. 15--33.
     
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  26. An Essay Concerning Human Understanding. In Four Books.John Locke, Awnsham Churchill, Edmund Parker, W. T. & J. M. - 1726 - Printed by T. W. For A. Churchill; and Edm. Parker.
     
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  27.  4
    Body Fat Control and Obesity.Barbara J. Rolls, E. T. Rolls & E. A. Rowe - 1983 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 6 (4):744.
  28.  2
    The Influence of Motivation on the Responses of Neurons in the Posterior Parietal Association Cortex.E. T. Rolls, D. Perrett & S. J. Thorpe - 1980 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 3 (4):514.
  29. A Neurodynamical Model of Visual Attention.G. Deco, E. T. Rolls & J. Zihl - 2005 - In Laurent Itti, Geraint Rees & John K. Tsotsos (eds.), Neurobiology of Attention. Academic Press. pp. 593--599.
  30. The Art of Knowing One-Self: Or, an Enquiry Into the Sources of Morality [Tr. By T.W.].Jacques Abbadie & W. T. - 1695
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  31. LAGUNA, T. DE.-Introduction to the Study of Ethics. [REVIEW]A. E. T. - 1915 - Mind 24:421.
     
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  32. An Account of the Life and Writings of Mr. John Locke [by J. Le Clerc, Tr. By T.F.P.].Jean Le Clerc & F. P. T. - 1713
     
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  33. An Account of the Life and Writings of Mr. John Locke [by J. Le Clerc, Tr. By T.F.P.]. [Followed by] the Last Will and Testament of John Locke. [REVIEW]Jean Le Clerc & F. P. T. - 1714
     
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  34. The Life and Character of Mr. John Locke. Done Into Engl. By T.F.P.Jean Le Clerc & F. P. T. - 1706
     
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  35. A Dialogue Between Mr. Merriman, and Dr. Chymist: Concerning John Sergents Paradoxes, in His New Method to Science, and His Solid Philosophy. By T.W. [REVIEW]W. T. - 1698 - [S.N.].
     
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  36. NUNN, T. P. -The Aim and Achievements of Scientific Method. [REVIEW]L. T. L. T. - 1908 - Mind 17:274.
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  37.  15
    Why I Don't Like Edmund Burke"; and "A Muslim Version of Chesterton.Michael McClain - 1992 - The Chesterton Review 18 (4):643-643.
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  38.  2
    The Taxation of 1297: A Translation of the Local Rolls of Assessment for Barford, Biggleswade and Flitt Hundreds, and for Bedford, Dunstable, Leighton Buzzard and Luton. A. T. Gaydon. [REVIEW]Robert Brentano - 1960 - Speculum 35 (1):115-116.
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  39.  2
    The Rolls and Register of Bishop Oliver Sutton, 1280-1299Rosalind M. T. Hill.Dorothy Bruce Weske - 1950 - Speculum 25 (2):273-274.
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  40. Memory, Attention, and Decision-Making: A Unifying Computational Neuroscience.Edmund T. Rolls - 2007 - Oxford University Press UK.
    Memory, attention, and decision-making are three major areas of psychology. They are frequently studied in isolation, and using a range of models to understand them. This book brings a unified approach to understanding these three processes. It shows how these fundamental functions for cognitive neuroscience can be understood in a common and unifying computational neuroscience framework. This framework links empirical research on brain function from neurophysiology, functional neuroimaging, and the effects of brain damage, to a description of how neural networks (...)
     
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  41. Emotion Explained.T. Rolls Edmund - 2005 - Oxford University Press.
    What produces emotions? Why do we have emotions? How do we have emotions? Why do emotional states feel like something? This book considers these questions, going beyond examining brain mechanisms of emotion, by proposing a theory of what emotions are, and an evolutionary, Darwinian, theory of the adaptive value of emotion.
     
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  42. T.S. Eliot and Others: The (More or Less) Definitive History and Origin of the Term “Objective Correlative”.Dominic Griffiths - forthcoming - English Studies.
    This paper draws together as many as possible of the clues and pieces of the puzzle surrounding T.S. Eliot’s “infamous” literary term “objective correlative.” Many different scholars have claimed many different sources for the term, in Pound, Whitman, Baudelaire, Washington Allston, Santayana, Husserl, Nietzsche, Newman, Walter Pater, Coleridge, Russell, Bradley, Bergson, Bosanquet, and Arnold. This paper aims to rewrite this list by surveying those individuals who, in different ways, either offer the truest claim to being the source of the term, (...)
     
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  43. T.S. Eliot and Others: The (More or Less) Definitive History and Origin of the Term “Objective Correlative”.Dominic Griffiths - forthcoming - English Studies.
    This paper draws together as many as possible of the clues and pieces of the puzzle surrounding T.S. Eliot’s “infamous” literary term “objective correlative.” Many different scholars have claimed many different sources for the term, in Pound, Whitman, Baudelaire, Washington Allston, Santayana, Husserl, Nietzsche, Newman, Walter Pater, Coleridge, Russell, Bradley, Bergson, Bosanquet, and Arnold. This paper aims to rewrite this list by surveying those individuals who, in different ways, either offer the truest claim to being the source of the term, (...)
     
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  44. T.S. Eliot and Others: The (More or Less) Definitive History and Origin of the Term “Objective Correlative”.Dominic Griffiths - forthcoming - English Studies.
    This paper draws together as many as possible of the clues and pieces of the puzzle surrounding T.S. Eliot’s “infamous” literary term “objective correlative.” Many different scholars have claimed many different sources for the term, in Pound, Whitman, Baudelaire, Washington Allston, Santayana, Husserl, Nietzsche, Newman, Walter Pater, Coleridge, Russell, Bradley, Bergson, Bosanquet, and Arnold. This paper aims to rewrite this list by surveying those individuals who, in different ways, either offer the truest claim to being the source of the term, (...)
     
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  45. T.S. Eliot and Others: The (More or Less) Definitive History and Origin of the Term “Objective Correlative”.Dominic Griffiths - forthcoming - English Studies.
    This paper draws together as many as possible of the clues and pieces of the puzzle surrounding T.S. Eliot’s “infamous” literary term “objective correlative.” Many different scholars have claimed many different sources for the term, in Pound, Whitman, Baudelaire, Washington Allston, Santayana, Husserl, Nietzsche, Newman, Walter Pater, Coleridge, Russell, Bradley, Bergson, Bosanquet, and Arnold. This paper aims to rewrite this list by surveying those individuals who, in different ways, either offer the truest claim to being the source of the term, (...)
     
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  46. The Mind-Brain Problem in Cognitive Neuroscience (Only Content).Gabriel Vacariu & Vacariu - 2013
    (June 2013) “The mind-body problem in cognitive neuroscience”, Philosophia Scientiae 17/2, Gabriel Vacariu and Mihai Vacariu (eds.): 1. William Bechtel (Philosophy, Center for Chronobiology, and Interdisciplinary Program in Cognitive Science University of California, San Diego) “The endogenously active brain: the need for an alternative cognitive architecture” 2. Rolls T. Edmund (Oxford Centre for Computational Neuroscience, Oxford, UK) “On the relation between the mind and the brain: a neuroscience perspective” 3. Cees van Leeuwen (University of Leuven, Belgium; Riken Brain (...)
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  47. Emotions or Emotional Feelings? (Commentary on Rolls' The Brain and Emotion).Murat Aydede - 2000 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (2):192-194.
    It turns out that Rolls’s answer to Nagel’s (1974) question, "What is it like to be a bat?" is brusque: there is nothing it is like to be a bat . . . provided that bats don’t have a linguistically structured internal representational system that enables them to think about their first-order thoughts which are also linguistically structured. For phenomenal consciousness, a properly functioning system of higher-order linguistic thought (HOLT) is necessary (Rolls 1998, p. 262). By this criterion, (...)
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  48.  8
    Caring for Nature: What Science and Economics Can't Teach Us but Religion Can.Holmes Rolston - 2006 - Environmental Values 15 (3):307-313.
    Neither ecologists nor economists can teach us what we most need to know about nature: how to value it. The Hebrew prophets claimed that there can be no intelligent human ecology except as people learn to use land justly and charitably. Lands do not flow with milk and honey for all unless and until justice rolls down like waters. What kind of planet ought we humans wish to have? One we resourcefully manage for our benefits? Or one we hold (...)
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  49.  24
    Caring for Nature: What Science and Economics Can't Teach Us but Religion Can.Holmes Rolston Iii - 2006 - Environmental Values 15 (3):307 - 313.
    Neither ecologists nor economists can teach us what we most need to know about nature: how to value it. The Hebrew prophets claimed that there can be no intelligent human ecology except as people learn to use land justly and charitably. Lands do not flow with milk and honey for all unless and until justice rolls down like waters. What kind of planet ought we humans wish to have? One we resourcefully manage for our benefits? Or one we hold (...)
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  50.  15
    Is What You Feel What You Don't Know?Simon C. Moore & Mike Oaksford - 2000 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (2):211-212.
    Rolls defines emotion as innate reward and punishment. This could not explain our results showing that people learn faster in a negative mood. We argue that what people know about their world affects their emotional state. Negative emotion signals a failure to predict negative reward and hence prompts learning to resolve the ignorance. Thus what you don't know affects how you feel.
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