Results for 'T. Shapiro'

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  1.  5
    Defining Answer Classes Using Resolution Refutation.Debra T. Burhans & Stuart C. Shapiro - 2007 - Journal of Applied Logic 5 (1):70-91.
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  2.  6
    Imaginative Play and Imagery Learning.Isabel T. SzabÓ & Martin M. Shapiro - 1983 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 21 (2):105-107.
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  3.  30
    Robert Lorne Victor Hale FRSE May 4, 1945 – December 12, 2017.Roy T. Cook & Stewart Shapiro - 2018 - Philosophia Mathematica 26 (2):266-274.
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  4.  31
    Belmont Revisited: Ethical Principles for Research with Human Subjects, Edited by James F. Childress, Eric M. Meslin, and Harold T. Shapiro[REVIEW]Stephen Napier - 2007 - The National Catholic Bioethics Quarterly 7 (4):838-841.
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  5.  24
    Book Review Section 1. [REVIEW]Patricia Ashton, Edward G. Rozycki, Garvey F. Lundy, William T. Pink, Svi Shapiro, Ellen Giarelli, Ann Hassenpflug, Henry W. Hodysh, Malcolm B. Campbell & Henry J. Perkinson - 1995 - Educational Studies: A Jrnl of the American Educ. Studies Assoc 26 (1&2):1-59.
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  6.  25
    Some Initial Reflections on NBAC.Eric Mark Meslin & Harold T. Shapiro - 2002 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 12 (1):95-102.
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  7.  7
    Using UNPRME to Teach, Research, and Enact Business Ethics: Insights From the Catholic Identity Matrix for Business Schools.Kenneth E. Goodpaster, T. Dean Maines, Michael Naughton & Brian Shapiro - 2018 - Journal of Business Ethics 147 (4):761-777.
    We address how the leaders of a Catholic business school can articulate and assess how well their schools implement the following six principles drawn from Catholic social teaching : produce goods and services that are authentically good; foster solidarity with the poor by serving deprived and marginalized populations; advance the dignity of human work as a calling; exercise subsidiarity; promote responsible stewardship over resources; and acquire and allocate resources justly. We first discuss how the CST principles give substantive content and (...)
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  8.  31
    Posthypnotic Suggestion and the Modulation of Stroop Interference Under Cycloplegia.A. Raz, S. K., R. H., R. Z., T. Shapiro, J. Fan & I. M. - 2003 - Consciousness and Cognition 12 (3):332-346.
    Recent data indicate that under a specific posthypnotic suggestion to circumvent reading, highly suggestible subjects successfully eliminated the Stroop interference effect. The present study examined whether an optical explanation could account for this finding. Using cyclopentolate hydrochloride eye drops to pharmacologically prevent visual accommodation in all subjects, behavioral Stroop data were collected from six highly hypnotizables and six less suggestibles using an optical setup that guaranteed either sharply focused or blurred vision. The highly suggestibles performed the Stroop task when naturally (...)
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  9.  10
    Reflections on the Interface of Bioethics, Public Policy, and Science.Harold T. Shapiro - 1999 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 9 (3):209-224.
    : This paper discusses the role of ethical considerations in the formulation of public policies aimed at shaping the scientific agenda. Specifically, new and controversial public policy issues will confront us in the twenty-first century as the result of developments on the frontiers of biomedical science. Some of the anxieties in the ethical arena generated by the rapid pace of these developments are likely to result in efforts to place constraints on the shape of the scientific agenda and the application (...)
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  10.  54
    Review of T. Franzen, Godel's Theorem: An Incomplete Guide to its Use and Abuse[REVIEW]S. Shapiro - 2006 - Philosophia Mathematica 14 (2):262-264.
    This short book has two main purposes. The first is to explain Kurt Gödel's first and second incompleteness theorems in informal terms accessible to a layperson, or at least a non-logician. The author claims that, to follow this part of the book, a reader need only be familiar with the mathematics taught in secondary school. I am not sure if this is sufficient. A grasp of the incompleteness theorems, even at the level of ‘the big picture’, might require some experience (...)
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  11.  9
    The Investigation of Difficult Things: Essays on Newton and the History of the Exact Sciences in Honour of D. T. Whiteside.Peter M. Harman & Alan E. Shapiro (eds.) - 1992 - Cambridge University Press.
    The book is a collection of essays on the history of science and mathematics, with especial emphasis on Newtonian themes.
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  12.  11
    Barbara J. Shapiro, A Culture of Fact: England, 1550–1720. [REVIEW]William T. Lynch - 2003 - Metascience 12 (1):121-124.
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  13.  52
    Intensional Mathematics. Stewart Shapiro.Harold T. Hodes - 1989 - Philosophy of Science 56 (1):177-178.
  14.  25
    Geoffrey Hellman* and Stewart Shapiro.**Varieties of Continua—From Regions to Points and Back.Richard T. W. Arthur - 2019 - Philosophia Mathematica 27 (1):148-152.
    HellmanGeoffrey* * and ShapiroStewart.** ** Varieties of Continua—From Regions to Points and Back. Oxford University Press, 2018. ISBN: 978-0-19-871274-9. Pp. x + 208.
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  15. Beauchamp, T. L.; Faden, R. R.; Wallace, R. J., Jr.; and Walters, L., Eds., "Ethical Issues in Social Science Research". [REVIEW]Ian Shapiro - 1982 - Ethics 93:841.
     
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  16.  2
    Case Studies: Sex in the MD's Office.Edith T. Shapiro & Carol Klaperman Morrow - 1987 - Hastings Center Report 17 (3):11.
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  17.  19
    Ethical Considerations and Public Policy: A Ninety Day Exercise in Practical and Professional Ethics: Cloning Human Beings.Harold T. Shapiro - 1999 - Science and Engineering Ethics 5 (1):3-16.
    Manuscript based on address delivered February, 1998 at the Annual Meeting of the Association of Practical and Professional Ethics, Dallas, Texas.
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  18.  7
    The Functions and Resources of the American University of the Twenty-First Century.Harold T. Shapiro - 1992 - Minerva 30 (2):163-174.
  19.  9
    Proof and Truth-Through Thick and Thin, Stewart Shapiro.Cantorian Abstraction & K. I. T. Defense - 1998 - Journal of Philosophy 95 (1).
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  20. Ademollo, Francesco. The Cratylus of Plato: A Commentary. Cambridge: Cam-Bridge University Press, 2011. Xx+ 538 Pp. 1 Black-and-White Fig. Cloth, $140. Adler, Eric. Valorizing the Barbarians: Enemy Speeches in Roman Historiography. Austin: University of Texas Press, 2011. Xiii+ 269 Pp. Cloth, $55. Africa, Thomas W. A Historian's Palette: Studies in Greek and Roman History. [REVIEW]Lauren J. Apfel, Amalia Avramidou, Anne Balansard, Gilles Dorival, Mireille Loubet, Lee L. Brice, Jennifer T. Roberts, Peter Burian & Alan Shapiro - 2011 - American Journal of Philology 132:683-690.
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  21.  60
    Judicial Can’T.Scott J. Shapiro - 2001 - Noûs 35 (s1):530 - 557.
  22.  12
    Judicial Can't.Scott J. Shapiro - 2001 - Philosophical Issues 11 (1):530-557.
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  23.  79
    A Case for Resurrecting Lost Species—Review Essay of Beth Shapiro’s, “How to Clone a Mammoth: The Science of De-Extinction”.Douglas Campbell - 2016 - Biology and Philosophy 31 (5):747-759.
    The title of Beth Shapiro’s ‘How to Clone a Mammoth’ contains an implicature: it suggests that it is indeed possible to clone a mammoth, to bring extinct species back from the dead. But in fact Shapiro both denies this is possible, and denies there would be good reason to do it even if it were possible. The de-extinct ‘mammoths’ she speaks of are merely ecological proxies for mammoths—elephants re-engineered for cold-tolerance by the addition to their genomes of a (...)
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  24. Review: Stephen C. Kleene, Origins of Recursive Function Theory; Martin Davis, Why Godel Didn't Have Church's Thesis; Stephen C. Kleene, Reflections on Church's Thesis. [REVIEW]Stewart Shapiro - 1990 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 55 (1):348-350.
     
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  25.  36
    Stephen C. Kleene. Origins of Recursive Function Theory. Annals of the History of Computing, Vol. 3 , Pp. 52– 67. - Martin Davis. Why Gödel Didn't Have Church's Thesis. Information and Control, Vol. 54 , Pp. 3– 24. - Stephen C. Kleene. Reflections on Church's Thesis. Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic, Vol. 28 , Pp. 490– 498. [REVIEW]Stewart Shapiro - 1990 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 55 (1):348-350.
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  26.  6
    The Mathematical Papers of Isaac Newton. Volume VI: 1684-1691 by Isaac Newton; D. T. Whiteside; M. A. Hoskin; A. Prag. [REVIEW]Alan Shapiro - 1976 - Isis 67:489-491.
  27.  7
    The Mathematical Papers of Isaac Newton. Volume VI: 1684-1691. Isaac Newton, D. T. Whiteside, M. A. Hoskin, A. Prag.Alan E. Shapiro - 1976 - Isis 67 (3):489-491.
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  28.  75
    Identity, Variability, and Multiple Realization in the Special Sciences.Lawrence A. Shapiro & Thomas W. Polger - 2012 - In Hill Christopher & Gozzano Simone (eds.), New Perspectives on Type Identity: The Mental and the Physical. Cambridge University Press. pp. 264.
    Issues of identity and reduction have monopolized much of the philosopher of mind’s time over the past several decades. Interestingly, while investigations of these topics have proceeded at a steady rate, the motivations for doing so have shifted. When the early identity theorists, e.g. U. T. Place ( 1956 ), Herbert Feigl ( 1958 ), and J. J. C. Smart ( 1959 , 1961 ), fi rst gave voice to the idea that mental events might be identical to brain processes, (...)
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  29.  58
    Commitment Accounts of Assertion.Lionel Shapiro - 2018 - In Sanford Goldberg (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Assertion. Oxford University Press.
    According to commitment accounts of assertion, asserting is committing oneself to something’s being the case, where such commitment is understood in terms of norms governing a social practice. I elaborate and compare two version of such accounts, liability accounts (associated with C.S. Peirce) and dialectical norm accounts (associated with Robert Brandom), concluding that the latter are more defensible. I argue that both versions of commitment account possess a potential advantage over rival normative accounts of assertion in that they needn’t presuppose (...)
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  30.  19
    The Investigation of Difficult Things: Essays on Newton and the History of the Exact Sciences in Honour of D. T. Whiteside by P. M. Harman; Alan E. Shapiro[REVIEW]Michael Mahoney - 1996 - Isis 87:172-174.
  31.  10
    The Investigation of Difficult Things: Essays on Newton and the History of the Exact Sciences in Honour of D. T. Whiteside. P. M. Harman, Alan E. Shapiro[REVIEW]Michael S. Mahoney - 1996 - Isis 87 (1):172-174.
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  32.  21
    P. M. Harman and Alan E. Shapiro , The Investigation of Difficult Things. Essays on Newton and the History of the Exact Sciences in Honour of D. T. Whiteside. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1992. Pp. Xvi + 531. ISBN 0-521-37435-9. £90.00. [REVIEW]Antoni Malet - 1993 - British Journal for the History of Science 26 (3):361-363.
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  33. Truth, Function and Paradox.S. Shapiro - 2011 - Analysis 71 (1):38-44.
    Michael Lynch’s Truth as One and Many is a contribution to the large body of philosophical literature on the nature of truth. Within that genre, advocates of truth-as-correspondence, advocates of truth-as-coherence, and the like, all hold that truth has a single underlying metaphysical nature, but they sharply disagree as to what this nature is. Lynch argues that many of these views make good sense of truth attributions for a limited stretch of discourse, but he adds that each of the contenders (...)
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  34.  71
    Validity Curry Strengthened.Lionel Shapiro - 2013 - Thought: A Journal of Philosophy 2 (1):100-107.
    Several authors have argued that a version of Curry's paradox involving validity motivates rejecting the structural rule of contraction. This paper criticizes two recently suggested alternative responses to “validity Curry.” There are three salient stages in a validity Curry derivation. Rejecting contraction blocks the first, while the alternative responses focus on the second and third. I show that a distinguishing feature of validity Curry, as contrasted with more familiar forms of Curry's paradox, is that paradox arises already at the first (...)
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  35.  66
    The Palmer House Hilton Hotel, Chicago, Illinois February 18–20, 2010.Kenneth Easwaran, Philip Ehrlich, David Ross, Christopher Hitchcock, Peter Spirtes, Roy T. Cook, Jean-Pierre Marquis, Stewart Shapiro & Royt Cook - 2010 - Bulletin of Symbolic Logic 16 (3).
  36.  2
    “Who Shall Be Lord of the Earth?” Nietzsche, Schmitt, and Thinking “Beyond the Line”.Gary Shapiro - forthcoming - Philosophy and Social Criticism.
    Carl Schmitt privately acknowledged that his late theory of Erd-Herrschaft converged with some of Nietzsche’s thought, yet remained silent on this in his book The Nomos of t...
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  37. Objective Being and “Ofness” in Descartes.Lionel Shapiro - 2012 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 84 (2):378-418.
    It is generally assumed that Descartes invokes “objective being in the intellect” in order to explain or describe an idea’s status as being “of something.” I argue that this assumption is mistaken. As emerges in his discussion of “materially false ideas” in the Fourth Replies, Descartes recognizes two senses of ‘idea of’. One, a theoretical sense, is itself introduced in terms of objective being. Hence Descartes can’t be introducing objective being to explain or describe “ofness” understood in this sense. Descartes (...)
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  38.  26
    Curry's Paradox.Lionel Shapiro & Jc Beall - 2017 - Edward N. Zalta (Ed.), The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. CSLI Publications.
    “Curry’s paradox”, as the term is used by philosophers today, refers to a wide variety of paradoxes of self-reference or circularity that trace their modern ancestry to Curry (1942b) and Löb (1955). The common characteristic of these so-called Curry paradoxes is the way they exploit a notion of implication, entailment or consequence, either in the form of a connective or in the form of a predicate. Curry’s paradox arises in a number of different domains. Like Russell’s paradox, it can take (...)
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  39.  14
    Creativity in Medical Education: The Value of Having Medical Students Make Stuff.Michael J. Green, Kimberly Myers, Katie Watson, M. K. Czerwiec, Dan Shapiro & Stephanie Draus - 2016 - Journal of Medical Humanities 37 (4):475-483.
    What is the value of having medical students engage in creative production as part of their learning? Creating something new requires medical students to take risks and even to fail--something they tend to be neither accustomed to nor comfortable with doing. “Making stuff” can help students prepare for such failures in a controlled environment that doesn’t threaten their professional identities. Furthermore, doing so can facilitate students becoming resilient and creative problem-solvers who strive to find new ways to address vexing questions. (...)
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  40.  63
    Logic and Science: Science and Logic.Marcus Rossberg & Stewart Shapiro - forthcoming - Synthese:1-26.
    According to Ole Hjortland, Timothy Williamson, Graham Priest, and others, anti-exceptionalism about logic is the view that logic “isn’t special”, but is continuous with the sciences. Logic is revisable, and its truths are neither analytic nor a priori. And logical theories are revised on the same grounds as scientific theories are. What isn’t special, we argue, is anti-exceptionalism about logic. Anti-exceptionalists disagree with one another regarding what logic and, indeed, anti-exceptionalism are, and they are at odds with naturalist philosophers of (...)
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  41.  57
    Aristotelian Logic, Axioms, and Abstraction.Roy T. Cook - 2003 - Philosophia Mathematica 11 (2):195-202.
    Stewart Shapiro and Alan Weir have argued that a crucial part of the demonstration of Frege's Theorem (specifically, that Hume's Principle implies that there are infinitely many objects) fails if the Neo-logicist cannot assume the existence of the empty property, i.e., is restricted to so-called Aristotelian Logic. Nevertheless, even in the context of Aristotelian Logic, Hume's Principle implies much of the content of Peano Arithmetic. In addition, their results do not constitute an objection to Neo-logicism so much as a (...)
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  42.  14
    The New Formalism.Alan Shapiro - 1987 - Critical Inquiry 14 (1):200-213.
    […] Open the pages of almost any national journal or magazine, and where ten years ago one found only one or another kind of free verse lyric, one now finds well rhymed quatrains, sestinas, villanelles, sonnets, and blank verse dramatic monologues or meditations.1 In a recent issue of the New Criterion, Robert Richman describes this rekindled interest in formal verse among younger poets as a return to the high seriousness, eloquence, and technical fluency that characterized the best achievements of American (...)
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  43.  32
    The Multiple Realization Book By Thomas W. Polger and Lawrence A. Shapiro.Umut Baysan - 2018 - Analysis 78 (1):177-180.
    © The Author 2017. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of The Analysis Trust. All rights reserved. For Permissions, please email: [email protected] fish propel their bodies under water in order to travel from one place to another, are they doing the same kind of thing that we do when we swim? If swimming is to be identified with exactly the kind of thing that we do when we swim, we should seriously consider the following question: Do fish swim? Believe (...)
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  44. Defending the Piggyback Principle Against Shapiro and Sober’s Empirical Approach.Joseph A. Baltimore - 2010 - Synthese 175 (2):151-168.
    Jaegwon Kim’s supervenience/exclusion argument attempts to show that non-reductive physicalism is incompatible with mental causation. This influential argument can be seen as relying on the following principle, which I call “the piggyback principle”: If, with respect to an effect, E, an instance of a supervenient property, A, has no causal powers over and above, or in addition to, those had by its supervenience base, B, then the instance of A does not cause E (unless A is identical with B). In (...)
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  45.  43
    Can Truth‐Conditional Theorists of Content Do Without ‘That’‐Clause Ascriptions?Lionel Shapiro - 2020 - Analytic Philosophy 61 (1):1-27.
    Hartry Field has proposed a fundamental division of theories of linguistic and mental content into those that do, and those that don’t, give a central role to ‘that’-clause ascriptions. Here I investigate the commitments of theories that (in accord with Field’s position) deny ‘that’-clause ascriptions a central role, but (in contrast to Field’s position) give truth conditions a central role. Such non-oblique truth-conditionalism promises significant advantages. However, the stance is costlier than it may appear. Non-oblique truth-conditionalists, I argue, must renounce (...)
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  46. Norms, Revision, and Linguistic Practice: Three Essays on Theories of Conceptual Content.Lionel Stefan Shapiro - 2004 - Dissertation, University of Pittsburgh
    Each of the three essays constituting the dissertation's body explores a theoretical approach to conceptual content, as well as to particular kinds of concepts. A concluding chapter defends a distinction between two varieties of intentionality. ;Chapter 1 identifies a distinctive model of intentionality in Locke's discussion of our "ideas of the sorts of substances." Properly understood, his doctrine of the "inadequacy" of substance-ideas reveals that the sort represented by such an idea isn't settled by the idea's descriptive content. The key (...)
     
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  47. Surviving Postmodernism: Some Ethical and Not so Ethical Debates in the Media and Universities.Ron Shapiro - 1998 - Sangam Books.
    Machine generated contents note: Introduction 9 -- Postmodernism and the End of 'Humanism'? 19 -- Postmodern Ambiguities: -- Out of the Frying-Pan into the Fire 34 -- In Postmodern Disorder: -- The Confused and Confusing World of The Hand that Signed the Paper 40 -- Ethics, the Literary Imagination, and the 'Other': The Hand that Ought, or was Imagined, to have Signed the Paper 47 -- Jew and Anti-Jew in Australian Fiction 58 -- Helen Garner's The First Stone: Ethical Confusions (...)
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  48. Sellars, Truth Pluralism, and Truth Relativism.Lionel Shapiro - 2020 - In Stefan Brandt & Anke Breunig (eds.), Wilfrid Sellars and Twentieth-Century Philosophy. New York, USA: Routledge. pp. 174–206.
    Two currently much discussed views about truth, truth pluralism and truth relativism, are found in Sellars’s writings. I show that his motivations for adoping these views are interestingly different from those shared by most of their recent advocates. First, I explain how Sellars comes to embrace a version of truth pluralism. I argue that his version overcomes a difficulty confronting pluralists, albeit at a serious cost. Then I argue that Sellars’s truth pluralism isn’t motivated by his interest in domains of (...)
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  49. The Book of Ruth.Larry Shapiro - unknown
    In every philosopher’s career, there comes a time to look back on accomplishments, assess achievements, evaluate one’s place in a canon that dates to an era when Ancient Greeks still roamed the Earth. Perhaps many of you have wondered when I’d finally get around to doing this. Sadly, this is not the night for that splendid occasion. Do not pretend to hide your disappointment. Also, do not hesitate to point fingers. Believe me when I tell you that I would take (...)
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  50. The Philosophy of Logic : 5 Questions.T. Lupher & T. Adajian (ed.) - 2013
    A collection of interviews with influential theorists working in philosophy of logic. The questions: Why were you initially drawn to the philosophy of logic? What are your main contributions to the philosophy of logic? What is the proper role of philosophy of logic in relation to other disciplines, and to other branches of philosophy? What have been the most significant advances in the philosophy of logic? What are the most important open problems in philosophy of logic, and what are the (...)
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