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  1.  92
    The Myth of Mental Illness: Foundations of a Theory of Personal Conduct.Thomas Szasz - 1962 - New York: Harper & Row.
    Now available in a Harper Colophon edition, this classic book has revolutionized thinking throughout the Western world about the nature of the psychiatric profession and the moral implications of its practices. Book jacket.
  2.  97
    The myth of mental illness.Thomas S. Szasz - 2004 - In Arthur Caplan, James J. McCartney & Dominic A. Sisti (eds.), Ethics. Georgetown University Press. pp. 43--50.
  3.  32
    The Myth of Mental Illness.Thomas S. Szasz - 1963 - Ethics 73 (2):145-147.
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  4.  2
    Insanity: The Idea and Its Consequences.Thomas Szasz - 1997 - Syracuse University Press.
    Is insanity a myth? Does it exist merely to keep psychiatrists in business? In Insanity: The Idea and Its Consequences, Dr. Szasz challenges the way both science and society define insanity; in the process, he helps us better understand this often misunderstood condition. Dr. Szasz presents a carefully crafted account of the insanity concept and shows how it relates to and differs from three closely allied ideas—bodily illness, social deviance, and the sick role.
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  5. Paranoia: A Study in Diagnosis.Yehuda Fried, Joseph Agassi & Thomas Szasz - 1979 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 30 (2):177-182.
     
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  6.  4
    Schizophrenia: The Sacred Symbol of Psychiatry.Thomas Szasz - 1988 - Syracuse University Press.
    Szasz argues that the word schizophrenia does not stand for a genuine disease, that psychiatry has invented the concept as a sacred symbol to justify the practice of locking up people against their will and treating them with a variety of unwanted, unsolicited, and damaging interventions.
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  7. The six most essential questions in psychiatric diagnosis: a pluralogue part 1: conceptual and definitional issues in psychiatric diagnosis. [REVIEW]Allen Frances, Michael A. Cerullo, John Chardavoyne, Hannah S. Decker, Michael B. First, Nassir Ghaemi, Gary Greenberg, Andrew C. Hinderliter, Warren A. Kinghorn, Steven G. LoBello, Elliott B. Martin, Aaron L. Mishara, Joel Paris, Joseph M. Pierre, Ronald W. Pies, Harold A. Pincus, Douglas Porter, Claire Pouncey, Michael A. Schwartz, Thomas Szasz, Jerome C. Wakefield, G. Scott Waterman, Owen Whooley & Peter Zachar - 2012 - Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 7:1-29.
    In face of the multiple controversies surrounding the DSM process in general and the development of DSM-5 in particular, we have organized a discussion around what we consider six essential questions in further work on the DSM. The six questions involve: 1) the nature of a mental disorder; 2) the definition of mental disorder; 3) the issue of whether, in the current state of psychiatric science, DSM-5 should assume a cautious, conservative posture or an assertive, transformative posture; 4) the role (...)
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  8. The six most essential questions in psychiatric diagnosis: a pluralogue part 3: issues of utility and alternative approaches in psychiatric diagnosis. [REVIEW]Peter Zachar, Owen Whooley, GScott Waterman, Jerome C. Wakefield, Thomas Szasz, Michael A. Schwartz, Claire Pouncey, Douglas Porter, Harold A. Pincus, Ronald W. Pies, Joseph M. Pierre, Joel Paris, Aaron L. Mishara, Elliott B. Martin, Steven G. LoBello, Warren A. Kinghorn, Andrew C. Hinderliter, Gary Greenberg, Nassir Ghaemi, Michael B. First, Hannah S. Decker, John Chardavoyne, Michael A. Cerullo & Allen Frances - 2012 - Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 7 (1):9-.
    In face of the multiple controversies surrounding the DSM process in general and the development of DSM-5 in particular, we have organized a discussion around what we consider six essential questions in further work on the DSM. The six questions involve: 1) the nature of a mental disorder; 2) the definition of mental disorder; 3) the issue of whether, in the current state of psychiatric science, DSM-5 should assume a cautious, conservative posture or an assertive, transformative posture; 4) the role (...)
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  9.  34
    The Theology of Medicine: The Political-Philosophical Foundations of Medical Ethics.Thomas Szasz - 1977 - Syracuse University Press.
    The essays assembled in this volume reflect my long-standing interest in moral philosophy and my conviction that the idea of a medical ethics as something ...
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  10.  1
    The Myth of Psychotherapy: Mental Healing as Religion, Rhetoric, and Repression.Thomas Szasz - 1978 - Anchor Books.
    This intriguing book undercuts everything you thought you knew about psychotherapy.
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  11. The six most essential questions in psychiatric diagnosis: A pluralogue part 2: Issues of conservatism and pragmatism in psychiatric diagnosis. [REVIEW]Allen Frances, Michael A. Cerullo, John Chardavoyne, Hannah S. Decker, Michael B. First, Nassir Ghaemi, Gary Greenberg, Andrew C. Hinderliter, Warren A. Kinghorn, Steven G. LoBello, Elliott B. Martin, Aaron L. Mishara, Joel Paris, Joseph M. Pierre, Ronald W. Pies, Harold A. Pincus, Douglas Porter, Claire Pouncey, Michael A. Schwartz, Thomas Szasz, Jerome C. Wakefield, G. Waterman, Owen Whooley & Peter Zachar - 2012 - Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 7:8-.
    In face of the multiple controversies surrounding the DSM process in general and the development of DSM-5 in particular, we have organized a discussion around what we consider six essential questions in further work on the DSM. The six questions involve: 1) the nature of a mental disorder; 2) the definition of mental disorder; 3) the issue of whether, in the current state of psychiatric science, DSM-5 should assume a cautious, conservative posture or an assertive, transformative posture; 4) the role (...)
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  12.  59
    Psychiatry and the control of dangerousness: on the apotropaic function of the term “mental illness”.T. Szasz - 2003 - Journal of Medical Ethics 29 (4):227-230.
    The term “mental illness” implies that persons with such illnesses are more likely to be dangerous to themselves and/or others than are persons without such illnesses. This is the source of the psychiatrist’s traditional social obligation to control “harm to self and/or others,” that is, suicide and crime. The ethical dilemmas of psychiatry cannot be resolved as long as the contradictory functions of healing persons and protecting society are united in a single discipline.Life is full of dangers. Our highly developed (...)
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  13.  44
    Psychiatry: The Science of Lies.Thomas Szasz - 2008 - Syracuse University Press.
    The invention of psychopathology -- Malingering -- Doctoring -- Inculpating -- Sheltering -- Cheating -- Lying -- The burden of responsibility.
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  14. Cruel Compassion: Psychiatric Control of Society's Unwanted.Thomas Szasz - 1994 - Wiley.
    Obsessed with the twin beliefs that misbehavior is a medical disorder and that the duty of the state is to protect adults from themselves, we have replaced criminal-punitive sentences with civil-therapeutic 'programs.' The result is the relentless loss of individual liberty, erosion of personal responsibility, and destruction of the security of persons and property - symptoms of the transformation of a Constitutional Republic into a Therapeutic State, unconstrained by the rule of law.
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  15.  45
    Routine neonatal circumcision: Symbol of the birth of the therapeutic state.Thomas Szasz - 1996 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 21 (2):137-148.
    The religious justification for male circumcision proffered by Jewish and Islamic parents is frequently overlooked in current secular (medical/hygienic) discussions that (1) challenge the moral justification of this ancient practice, and (2) question the decisions of today's parents who are committed, on the basis of their religious beliefs, to continue this practice. This paper reviews critically these conflicting values and arguments and calls for compromise in the face of potential state intervention to coerce parents to abandon this practice. Keywords: disease (...)
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  16. Mental illness: psychiatry's phlogiston.Thomas Szasz - 2001 - Journal of Medical Ethics 27 (5):297-301.
    In physics, we use the same laws to explain why airplanes fly, and why they crash. In psychiatry, we use one set of laws to explain sane behaviour, which we attribute to reasons (choices), and another set of laws to explain insane behaviour, which we attribute to causes (diseases). God, man's idea of moral perfection, judges human deeds without distinguishing between sane persons responsible for their behaviour and insane persons deserving to be excused for their evil deeds. It is hubris (...)
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  17.  1
    Karl Kraus and the Soul-Doctors a Pioneer Critic and His Criticism of Psychiatry and Psychoanalysis.Thomas Szasz - 1976 - Lsu Press.
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  18.  41
    The Meaning of Mind: Language, Morality, and Neuroscience.Thomas Szasz - 1996 - Syracuse University Press.
    Classically controversial Szasz here challenges "modern" science's attempts to define the human mind as merely a collection of brain functions.
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  19.  81
    The six most essential questions in psychiatric diagnosis: a pluralogue. Part 4: general conclusion.Allen Frances, Michael A. Cerullo, John Chardavoyne, Hannah S. Decker, Michael B. First, Nassir Ghaemi, Gary Greenberg, Andrew C. Hinderliter, Warren A. Kinghorn, Steven G. LoBello, Elliott B. Martin, Aaron L. Mishara, Joel Paris, Joseph M. Pierre, Ronald W. Pies, Harold A. Pincus, Douglas Porter, Claire Pouncey, Michael A. Schwartz, Thomas Szasz, Jerome C. Wakefield, G. Scott Waterman, Owen Whooley, Peter Zachar & James Phillips - 2012 - Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 7:14-.
    In the conclusion to this multi-part article I first review the discussions carried out around the six essential questions in psychiatric diagnosis – the position taken by Allen Frances on each question, the commentaries on the respective question along with Frances’ responses to the commentaries, and my own view of the multiple discussions. In this review I emphasize that the core question is the first – what is the nature of psychiatric illness – and that in some manner all further (...)
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  20.  37
    Men and machines.Thomas S. Szasz - 1957 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 8 (29):310.
  21.  21
    Second commentary on" Aristotle's function argument".Thomas Stephen Szasz - 2000 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 7 (1):3-16.
  22.  61
    Psychiatric diagnosis, psychiatric power and psychiatric abuse.T. Szasz - 1994 - Journal of Medical Ethics 20 (3):135-138.
    Psychiatric abuse, such as we usually associate with practices in the former Soviet Union, is related not to the misuse of psychiatric diagnoses, but to the political power intrinsic to the social role of the psychiatrist in totalitarian and democratic societies alike. Some reflections are offered on the modern, therapeutic state's proclivity to treat adults as patients rather than citizens, disjoin rights from responsibilities, and thus corrupt the language of political-philosophical discourse.
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  23. Comments on 'the definition of psychosomatic disorder'.Thomas S. Szasz - 1956 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 7 (27):231-234.
  24.  80
    Psychiatry, Anti-Psychiatry, Critical Psychiatry: What Do These Terms Mean?Thomas Szasz - 2010 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 17 (3):229-232.
    I thank Professor Fulford for giving me an opportunity to comment on Bracken and Thomas’s essay. Unfortunately, this requires accepting the authors’ focus on discourses rather than deeds, on what psychiatrists say and how they say it rather than on what psychiatrists do and how they justify it. This I cannot do in good conscience. Nevertheless, out of respect to Professor Fulford and the journal Philosophy, Psychiatry, & Psychology, as well as a sense of professional obligation, I offer herewith my (...)
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  25.  71
    On the legitimacy of psychiatric power.Thomas Szasz - 1982 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 3 (3):315-324.
    The author examines the existential, historical, and political roots of psychiatric power, locating them, respectively, in the universality of guilt feelings and the desire to escape them, in psychiatry (replacing religion) as an institution offering surcease from such (and similar disturbing) feelings, and in the alliance, in modern societies, between psychiatry and the state. Clinical psychiatry and psychoanalysis, each in its own distinctive way, have served to legitimize the uses of psychiatric power. Liberty from coercive psychiatry requires destroying the legitimacy, (...)
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  26.  1
    Antipsychiatry: Quackery Squared.Thomas Szasz - 2009 - Syracuse University Press.
    Antipsychiatry : alternative psychiatry -- The doctor of irresponsibility -- The trickster and the tricked -- Antipsychiatry and anti-art -- Antipsychiatry abroad.
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  27.  1
    Anti-Freud: Karl Kraus's Criticism of Psycho-analysis and Psychiatry.Thomas Szasz - 1990 - Syracuse University Press.
  28. Fabriquer la folie, coll. « Biblioth. scientifique ».Thomas S. Szasz, Monique Manin, J. Cottereau & Pierre Sullivan - 1977 - Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 167 (3):325-326.
     
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  29. Karl Kraus and the Soul Doctors.Thomas Szasz - 1978 - Philosophy and Rhetoric 11 (3):207-210.
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  30. Law, Psychiatry, and Morality. [REVIEW]Thomas Szasz - 1984 - Journal of Mind and Behavior 5 (3).
  31. Medicine: Cure or Control.Thomas Stephen Szasz - 1973 - Big Sur Recordings.
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  32. Psychiatry and the Dimished American Capacity for Justice.Thomas Szasz - 1980 - Journal of Mind and Behavior 1 (1).
     
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  33. Science and Religion Fear and Folly: Russell, Lewis, and the Existential Identity Thief.Thomas Szasz - 2006 - Free Inquiry 26:51-52.
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  34. The Lying Truths of Psychiatry.Thomas Szasz - 1979 - Journal of Libertarian Studies 3 (3):121-139.
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  35.  2
    Thomas Szasz, Primary Values and Major Contentions.Thomas Szasz - 1983 - Prometheus Books.
    "The complete list of the works of Thomas S. Szasz": pages 237-253.
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  36. Whither psychiatry?Thomas S. Szasz - forthcoming - Social Research: An International Quarterly.
     
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  37.  46
    Foreword.Thomas S. Szasz - 1982 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 3 (3):313-313.
  38.  14
    On the legitimacy of psychiatric power.Thomas Szasz - 1982 - Metamedicine 3 (3):315-324.
  39.  17
    Secular humanism and "scientific psychiatry".Thomas Szasz - 2006 - Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 1:1-5.
    The Council for Secular Humanism identifies Secular Humanism as a "way of thinking and living" committed to rejecting authoritarian beliefs and embracing "individual freedom and responsibility ... and cooperation." The paradigmatic practices of psychiatry are civil commitment and insanity defense, that is, depriving innocent persons of liberty and excusing guilty persons of their crimes: the consequences of both are confinement in institutions ostensibly devoted to the treatment of mental diseases. Black's Law Dictionary states: "Every confinement of the person is an (...)
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  40.  49
    "Idiots, infants, and the insane": mental illness and legal incompetence.T. Szasz - 2005 - Journal of Medical Ethics 31 (2):78-81.
    Prior to the second world war, most persons confined in insane asylums were regarded as legally incompetent and had guardians appointed for them. Today, most persons confined in mental hospitals are, in law, competent; nevertheless, in fact, they are treated as if they were incompetent. Should the goal of mental health policy be providing better psychiatric services to more and more people, or the reduction and ultimate elimination of the number of persons in the population treated as mentally ill?
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  41.  12
    Secular humanism and.Thomas Szasz - 2006 - Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 1:5.
    The Council for Secular Humanism identifies Secular Humanism as a "way of thinking and living" committed to rejecting authoritarian beliefs and embracing "individual freedom and responsibility... and cooperation." The paradigmatic practices of psychiatry are civil commitment and insanity defense, that is, depriving innocent persons of liberty and excusing guilty persons of their crimes: the consequences of both are confinement in institutions ostensibly devoted to the treatment of mental diseases. Black's Law Dictionary states: "Every confinement of the person is an 'imprisonment,' (...)
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  42.  15
    Response to Daily.T. Szasz - 1996 - Journal of Medical Ethics 22 (1):55-55.
  43.  14
    Reply to Brassington.T. Szasz - 2002 - Journal of Medical Ethics 28 (2):124-125.
    I thank Brassington for his reply, especially for stating “that there is rather a lot going for Szasz's argument, and I agree broadly with the conclusion”. In further support of my thesis regarding the fictitious nature of mental illness as a disease similar to diseases of bodily organs, I add the reminder that, prior to the sixteenth century, the word “mind” meant only minding. The birth of the concept of mind as an entity and of the term “mind” as a (...)
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  44.  3
    Szasz and psychiatric abuse-Response.T. Szasz - 1996 - Journal of Medical Ethics 22 (1):55-55.
  45. The Theology of Medicine.Thomas Szasz - 1981 - Philosophy and Rhetoric 14 (1):60-62.
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  46.  42
    Commentary on Aristotle's Function Argument and the Concept of Mental Illness.Thomas Szasz - 1998 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 5 (3):203-207.
    This is a brief comment on Christopher Megone's essay appearing in this issue. Cells, tissues, organs, and human beings qua biological organisms have natural functions, but human beings qua agents do not. Persons-in-society, unlike organs-in-bodies, are the products of culture, not simply of nature. Bodily disease is defined as a deviation from an objectively identifiable biological norm. The natural function of the kidney is to secrete urine; uremia is a literal disease. The social function of adults in American society includes (...)
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  47. Should psychiatric patients ever be hospitalized involuntarily? Under any circumstances-No.Thomas S. Szasz - 1978 - In John Paul Brady & H. Keith H. Brodie (eds.), Controversy in Psychiatry. Saunders.
     
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  48.  28
    Law and Psychiatry: The Problems That Will Not Go Away.Thomas Szasz - 1990 - Journal of Mind and Behavior 11 (3-4):557-564.
    The practice of psychiatry rests on two pillars: mental illness and involuntary mental hospitalization. Each of these elements justifies and reinforces the other. Traditionally, psychiatric coercion was unidirectional, consisting of the forcible incarceration of the individual in an insane asylum. Today, it is bidirectional, the forcible eviction of the individual from the mental hospital supplementing his or her prior forcible incarceration in it. So intimate are the connections between psychiatry and coercion that noncoercive psychiatry, like noncoercive slavery, is an oxymoron.
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  49.  1
    A Home for the Homeless: The Half-Forgotten Heart of Mental Health Services.Thomas S. Szasz - 1986 - Bulletin of Science, Technology and Society 6 (1):29-39.
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  50.  17
    Response to: comments on psychiatry and the control of dangerousness: on the apotropaic function of the term "mental illness".T. Szasz - 2003 - Journal of Medical Ethics 29 (4):237-237.
    I appreciate Professor Boyd’s offer to respond to the respondents of my essay, as it gives me an opportunity to thank them for their carefully considered comments.1–3In The Subjection of Women, John Stuart Mill sought to clarify the traditional subjection of women to men by comparing the institution of marriage with the ….
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