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  1.  41
    The Evolutionary Contingency Thesis and Evolutionary Idiosyncrasies.T. Y. William Wong - 2019 - Biology and Philosophy 34 (2):22.
    Much philosophical progress has been made in elucidating the idea of evolutionary contingency in a recent re-burgeoning of the debate. However, additional progress has been impaired on three fronts. The first relates to its characterisation: the under-specification of various contingency claims has made it difficult to conceptually pinpoint the scope to which ‘contingency’ allegedly extends, as well as which biological forms are in contention. That is—there appears to be no systematic means with which to fully specify contingency claims which has (...)
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  2.  18
    The Neo-Gouldian Argument for Evolutionary Contingency: Mass Extinctions.T. Y. William Wong - forthcoming - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science.
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  3.  11
    Evolutionary Contingency as Non-Trivial Objective Probability: Biological Evitability and Evolutionary Trajectories.T. Y. William Wong - 2020 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 81:101246.
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  4.  14
    Environment, Equivalence Inferences, and the Twins: A Reply to Sober.T. Y. William Wong - 2021 - Philosophy, Theory, and Practice in Biology 13:1-12.
    Elliott Sober can be understood as advancing two distinct arguments that similarly conclude that evolutionary theory does not say that Scriven’s infamous twins have the same fitness, despite the twins’ identical genotypes and phenotypes. The first argument relies on denying that evolutionary theory can say that the twins are in the same environment, and the second relies on asserting an epistemic access asymmetry between token fitness and trait fitness. Motivated by good reasons, I respond to both of these arguments by (...)
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    Environment, Equivalence Inferences, and the Twins: A Reply to Sober.T. Y. William Wong - 2021 - Philosophy, Theory, and Practice in Biology 13.
    Within the philosophy of biology, Michael Scriven’s twins has become a well-known thought experiment, due to its being the impetus for various lines of discussion concerning the contentious definition of evolutionary fitness, the distinction between natural selection and genetic drift, and evolutionary environments. As one version of the story goes: two twins who, ex hypothesi, are genotypically and phenotypically the same are located side by side on a mountain. An unfortunate event ensues whereby a lightning strike kills one of the (...)
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  6.  33
    Sources of Evolutionary Contingency: Chance Variation and Genetic Drift.T. Y. William Wong - 2020 - Biology and Philosophy 35 (4):1-33.
    Contingency-theorists have gestured to a series of phenomena such as random mutations or rare Armageddon-like events as that which accounts for evolutionary contingency. These phenomena constitute a class, which may be aptly called the ‘sources of contingency’. In this paper, I offer a probabilistic conception of what it is to be a source of contingency and then examine two major candidates: chance variation and genetic drift, both of which have historically been taken to be ‘chancy’ in a number of different (...)
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