Results for 'Takashi Toda'

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  1.  7
    MAPping the Ndc80 Loop in Cancer: A Possible Link Between Ndc80/Hec1 Overproduction and Cancer Formation.Ngang Heok Tang & Takashi Toda - 2015 - Bioessays 37 (3):248-256.
  2.  29
    Gluons of Different Colors.Takashi Yagisawa - 2017 - International Journal of Philosophical Studies 25 (4):555-559.
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  3. Worlds and Individuals, Possible and Otherwise.Takashi Yagisawa - 2009 - Oxford University Press.
    Modal realism -- Time, space, world -- Existence -- Actuality -- Modal realism and modal tense -- Transworld individuals and their identity -- Existensionalism -- Impossibility -- Proposition and relief -- Fictional worlds -- Epistemology.
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  4.  30
    Visuomotor Learning by Passive Motor Experience.Takashi Sakamoto & Toshiyuki Kondo - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
  5.  31
    Dialogue, Eurocentrism, and Comparative Political Theory: A View From Cross-Cultural Intellectual History.Takashi Shogimen - 2016 - Journal of the History of Ideas 77 (2):323-345.
  6. Beyond Possible Worlds.Takashi Yagisawa - 1988 - Philosophical Studies 53 (2):175 - 204.
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  7.  9
    From Folk Psychology to Cognitive Science: The Case Against Belief.Takashi Yagisawa - 1985 - Noûs 19 (2):288-294.
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  8.  60
    Choice with Imprecise Information: An Experimental Approach. [REVIEW]Takashi Hayashi & Ryoko Wada - 2010 - Theory and Decision 69 (3):355-373.
    This article provides an experimental analysis of attitude toward imprecise and variable information. Imprecise information is provided in the form of a set of possible probability values, such that it is virtually impossible for the subjects to guess or estimate, which one in the set is true or more likely to be true. We investigate how geometric features of such information pieces affect choices. We find that the subjects care about more features than the pairs of best-case and worst-case, which (...)
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  9.  48
    The Relational Approach to Egalitarian Justice: A Critique of Luck Egalitarianism.Takashi Kibe - 2011 - Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 14 (1):1-21.
  10.  72
    Impossibilia and Modally Tensed Predication.Takashi Yagisawa - 2015 - Acta Analytica 30 (4):317-323.
    Mark Jago’s four arguments against Takashi Yagisawa’s extended modal realism are examined and shown to be ineffective. Yagisawa’s device of modal tense renders three of Jago’s arguments harmless, and the correct understanding of predications of modal properties of world stages blocks the fourth one.
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  11. Against Creationism in Fiction.Takashi Yagisawa - 2001 - Noûs 35 (s15):153-172.
    Sherlock Holmes is a fictional individual. So is his favorite pipe. Our pre-theoretical intuition says that neither of them is real. It says that neither of them really, or actually, exists. It also says that there is a sense in which they do exist, namely, a sense in which they exist “in the world of” the Sherlock Holmes stories. Our pre-theoretical intuition says in general of any fictional individual that it does not actually exist but exists “in the world of” (...)
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  12. The Perils of Primitivism: Takashi Yagisawa's Worlds and Individuals, Possible and Otherwise.Roberta Ballarin - 2011 - Analytic Philosophy 52 (4):273-282.
    This paper centers on Takashi Yagisawa’s book Worlds and Individuals, Possible and Otherwise (Oxford: 2010), which provides a novel and systematic analysis of modality and time. I consider the overall structure of Yagisawa’s treatment of modality and time, and discuss in detail the following three topics: (i) Possible worlds as modal indices, (ii) Trans-world identity, (iii) The claim that existence, unlike reality, is relative. My main conclusion is that Yagisawa's view of modality is driven by a strong primitivism, leading (...)
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  13.  4
    Anodal Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation Induces High Gamma-Band Activity in the Left Dorsolateral Prefrontal Cortex During a Working Memory Task: A Double-Blind, Randomized, Crossover Study.Takashi Ikeda, Tetsuya Takahashi, Hirotoshi Hiraishi, Daisuke N. Saito & Mitsuru Kikuchi - 2019 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 13.
  14.  10
    On the Elusiveness of Context.Takashi Shogimen - 2016 - History and Theory 55 (2):233-252.
  15.  9
    Subliminal Gaze Cues Increase Preference Levels for Items in the Gaze Direction.Takashi Mitsuda & Syuta Masaki - 2017 - Cognition and Emotion 32 (5):1146-1151.
    ABSTRACTAnother individual’s gaze automatically shifts an observer’s attention to a location. This reflexive response occurs even when the gaze is presented subliminally over a short period. Another’s gaze also increases the preference level for items in the gaze direction; however, it was previously unclear if this effect occurs when the gaze is presented subliminally. This study showed that the preference levels for nonsense figures looked at by a subliminal gaze were significantly greater than those for items that were subliminally looked (...)
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  16. Possible Objects.Takashi Yagisawa - manuscript
    Deep theorizing about possibility requires theorizing about possible objects. One popular approach regards the notion of a possible object as intertwined with the notion of a possible world. There are two widely discussed types of theory concerning the nature of possible worlds: actualist representationism and possibilist realism. They support two opposing views about possible objects. Examination of the ways in which they do so reveals difficulties on both sides. There is another popular approach, which has been influenced by the philosophy (...)
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  17. A New Argument Against the Existence Requirement.Takashi Yagisawa - 2005 - Analysis 65 (1):39–42.
    It may appear that in order to be any way at all, a thing must exist. A possible – worlds version of this claim goes as follows: (E) For every x, for every possible world w, Fx at w only if x exists at w. Here and later in (R), the letter ‘F’ is used as a schematic letter to be replaced with a one – place predicate. There are two arguments against (E). The first is by analogy. Socrates is (...)
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  18. Logic Purified.Takashi Yagisawa - 1993 - Noûs 27 (4):470-486.
  19.  83
    Context Dependence and Consistency in Dynamic Choice Under Uncertainty: The Case of Anticipated Regret. [REVIEW]Takashi Hayashi - 2011 - Theory and Decision 70 (4):399-430.
    We examine if and to what extent choice dispositions can allow dependence on contexts and maintain consistency over time, in a dynamic environment under uncertainty. We focus on one of the context dependence properties, opportunity dependence because of being affected by anticipated regret, where the consequentialist choice framework is maintained. There are two sources of potential inconsistency: one is arrival of information, and the other is changing opportunities. First, we go over the general method of resolution of potential inconsistency, by (...)
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  20.  36
    The Brain is Not an Isolated “Black Box,” nor is its Goal to Become One.Tom Froese & Takashi Ikegami - 2013 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 36 (3):213-214.
    In important ways, Clark's (HPM) approach parallels the research agenda we have been pursuing. Nevertheless, we remain unconvinced that the HPM offers the best clue yet to the shape of a unified science of mind and action. The apparent convergence of research interests is offset by a profound divergence of theoretical starting points and ideal goals.
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  21.  43
    Expanding State Space and Extension of Beliefs.Takashi Hayashi - 2012 - Theory and Decision 73 (4):591-604.
    This article provides a simple decision theoretic model in which elements of the world successively enter the decision maker’s scope and the state space expands over time, which is intended to be the closest correspondence to the standard subjective expected utility theory. We propose a dynamic consistency condition that after any expansion of the scope, the preference ranking should remain unchanged over acts to which the expansion is irrelevant. Together with other natural axioms, it characterizes a model in which the (...)
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  22. Professor Quine on Japanese Classifiers.Takashi Iida - 1998 - Annals of the Japan Association for Philosophy of Science 9 (3):111-118.
  23.  38
    Toward Modelling a Global Social Contract: Jean-Jacques Rousseau and John Locke.Takashi Inoguchi & Lien Thi Quynh Le - 2016 - Japanese Journal of Political Science 17 (3):489-522.
    The paper attempts to construct a global model of a social contract using well-known metaphors of two great philosophers: Jean-Jacques Rousseau and John Locke. By modelling a global social contract, I mean the formulation of a social contract using two sets of data: one is global citizens' preferences about values and norms while the other is sovereign states' participation in multilateral treaties. Both Rousseau and Locke formulate their versions of social contract theories in the national context of eighteenth-century Europe. This (...)
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  24.  26
    Modeling Lung Branching Morphogenesis.Takashi Miura - 2013 - Biological Theory 8 (3):265-273.
    Biological forms are very complex, and mechanisms of pattern formation are not well understood. Although developmental biology deals with the mechanistic explanation of patterns, currently we do not know how to understand the mechanisms of pattern formation from huge amounts of molecular information. In this article, I present one useful tool, mathematical modeling, to obtain a mechanistic understanding of biological pattern formation, and show an actual example in lung branching morphogenesis. In this example, mathematical modeling plays an indispensable role in (...)
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  25.  79
    Possible Worlds as Shifting Domains.Takashi Yagisawa - 1992 - Erkenntnis 36 (1):83 - 101.
    Those who object to David Lewis' modal realism express qualms about philosophical respectability of the Lewisian notion of a possible world and its correlate notion of an inhabitant of a possible world. The resulting impression is that these two notions either stand together or fall together. I argue that the Lewisian notion of a possible world is otiose even for a good Lewisian modal realist, and that one can carry out a good Lewisian semantics for modal discourse without Lewisian possible (...)
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  26. Primitive Worlds.Takashi Yagisawa - 2002 - Acta Analytica 17 (1):19-37.
    Modal Dimensionalism is a metaphysical theory about possible worlds that is naturally suggested by the often-noted parallelism between modal logic and tense logic. It says that the universe spreads out not only in spatiotemporal dimensions but also in a modal dimension. It regards worlds as nothing more or less than indices in the modal dimension in the way analogous to the way in which Temporal Dimensionalism regards temporal points and intervals as indices in the temporal dimension. Despite its naturalness and (...)
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  27.  25
    Simulating Active Perception and Mental Imagery with Embodied Chaotic Itinerancy.Takashi Ikegami - 2007 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 14 (7):111-125.
    We explore the understanding of conscious states in terms of spatio-temporal dynamics through modelling a mobile agent. Conscious states are associated with an agent's spontaneous and deterministic fluctuation between attachment to and detachment from the surroundings. It is because of this fluctuating nature, we argue, that an agent can perceive structure in the world. Perception requires a conscious state in physical devices. This is a central concern of this paper, and we examine it by simulating a mobile agent equipped with (...)
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  28.  5
    An Extension of the Craig-Sch^|^Uuml;Tte Interpolation Theorem.Takashi Nagashima - 1966 - Annals of the Japan Association for Philosophy of Science 3 (1):12-18.
  29.  29
    Development of Agent System Based on Decision Model for Creating an Ambient Space.Takashi Nishiyama, Shinpei Hibiya & Tetsuo Sawaragi - 2011 - AI and Society 26 (3):247-259.
    This paper describes a decision model for an autonomous agent that provides an inhabitant with comfort based on information network technologies that connect home electric appliances with household equipment. The inhabitant enjoys the benefit of comfort, while he pays the cost for keeping that comfort. The autonomous agent should decide and control household equipment considering that cost from the inhabitant’s viewpoint. Thus, we utilized a representation scheme called an “influence diagram” that enabled us to model the decision-making process of the (...)
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  30.  21
    Reading Emotion From Mouse Cursor Motions: Affective Computing Approach.Takashi Yamauchi & Kunchen Xiao - 2018 - Cognitive Science 42 (3):771-819.
    Affective computing research has advanced emotion recognition systems using facial expressions, voices, gaits, and physiological signals, yet these methods are often impractical. This study integrates mouse cursor motion analysis into affective computing and investigates the idea that movements of the computer cursor can provide information about emotion of the computer user. We extracted 16–26 trajectory features during a choice-reaching task and examined the link between emotion and cursor motions. Participants were induced for positive or negative emotions by music, film clips, (...)
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  31.  24
    War Occurrence: Hyper-Insecurity and Multilateral Institutions.Takashi Inoguchi - 2015 - Japanese Journal of Political Science 16 (3):388-398.
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  32.  79
    Proper Names as Variables.Takashi Yagisawa - 1984 - Erkenntnis 21 (2):195 - 208.
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  33.  11
    Nambara Shigeru : How a Japanese Liberal Conceptualized Eternal Peace, 1918–1951.Takashi Inoguchi - 2018 - Japanese Journal of Political Science 19 (4):612-621.
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  34.  58
    Modal Space Exploration: Replies to Ballarin, Hayaki, and Kim.Takashi Yagisawa - 2011 - Analytic Philosophy 52 (4):302-311.
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  35.  20
    The Imperial Japanese Experiments in China.Takashi Tsuchiya - 2008 - In Ezekiel J. Emanuel (ed.), The Oxford Textbook of Clinical Research Ethics. Oxford University Press. pp. 31.
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  36.  45
    The AsiaBarometer: Its Aim, Its Scope, Its Strength.Takashi Inoguchi - 2004 - Japanese Journal of Political Science 5 (1):179-196.
    The Asia Barometer was launched on 6 May 2003 with an international symposium held at the University of Tokyo. It was executed in ten Asian societies in summer 2003. With the first AsiaBarometer survey data in their hands, Asian social scientists got together at the University of Tokyo in January 2004 to present and discuss their papers and discuss the second AsiaBarometer survey to be conducted in summer 2004. In March 2004 discussion papers came out from the Institute of Oriental (...)
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  37.  16
    Color Harmony Represented by Activity in the Medial Orbitofrontal Cortex and Amygdala.Takashi Ikeda, Daisuke Matsuyoshi, Nobukatsu Sawamoto, Hidenao Fukuyama & Naoyuki Osaka - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
  38.  13
    Nichiren and His Nationalistic Eschatology.Takashi James Kodera - 1979 - Religious Studies 15 (1):41.
    A noticeable number of contemporary Japanese intellectuals have associated Nichiren with intolerant nationalism and henceforth have viewed him with an air of aloofness, if not of contempt. For these intellectuals, who have come to denounce nationalism and patriotism as a dangerous ideology that led Japan to the tragedy of World War II, Nichiren's passion for Japan runs counter to their decided preference for a man more cosmopolitan in taste, even a man critical of Japan. It is true that the followers (...)
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  39.  23
    Political Cultures Do Matter: Citizens and Politics in Western Europe and East and Southeast Asia.Jean Blondel & Takashi Inoguchi - 2002 - Japanese Journal of Political Science 3 (2):151-171.
    This article is concerned with the examination of the attitudes of the in two regions of the globe, both with respect to basic relations between citizen and state and with respect to the extent to which affects these relations. These questions have too long been discussed primarily at the level of elites or on the basis of assumptions or about what the reactions of the people at large may be. By providing at least some evidence pertaining to both these questions, (...)
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  40.  62
    Divergence Pattern of Animal Gene Families and Relationship with the Cambrian Explosion.Takashi Miyata & Hiroshi Suga - 2001 - Bioessays 23 (11):1018-1027.
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  41.  23
    Japanese Ideas of Asian Regionalism.Takashi Inoguchi - 2011 - Japanese Journal of Political Science 12 (2):233-249.
    Japan is geographically located on the fringe of Asia. Japan's location is often divided between those arguing that Japan is inside Asia and those arguing it is outside Asia. Japanese ideas of Asian regionalism are thus immensely varied. This article details a number of Japanese ideas on Asian regionalism with author/agency, scope and method specified. Special mention is made of weak integration of government agencies, thus causing proliferation of many Japanese ideas within Asia. With the increasing self-assertiveness of China, the (...)
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  42. A Semantic Solution to Frege’s Puzzle.Takashi Yagisawa - 1993 - Philosophical Perspectives 7:135-154.
  43.  14
    Takashi Ito. London Zoo and the Victorians, 1828–1859. Xi + 204 Pp., Illus., Tables, App., Bibl., Index. Suffolk: Boydell Press, 2014. $90. [REVIEW]J. F. M. Clark - 2015 - Isis 106 (4):943-944.
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  44.  22
    Social Capital in Ten Asian Societies.Takashi Inoguchi - 2004 - Japanese Journal of Political Science 5 (1):197-211.
    On the basis of seven questions asked in the AsiaBarometer survey conducted by the author in 2003 in ten Asian societies, Uzbekistan, India, Sri Lanka, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam, Malaysia, China, Korea and Japan, the author analyzes the key dimensions of social capital, permeating the ten societies, (1) general trust in interpersonal relations, (2) trust in merit-based utility; and (3) trust in social system and comes up with the five groups of societies on the basis of three major dimensions of social (...)
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  45.  38
    Deflationary Existence.Takashi Yagisawa - 2014 - Annals of the Japan Association for Philosophy of Science 22:1-16.
    I propose and defend a surprisingly simple yet useful analysis of existence according to which existence is a relation between a thing and a set: a thing x bears the relation of existence to a set S if and only if x is a member of S . This simple set-theoretic analysis of existence demystifies existence and is powerful and flexible enough to serve important theoretical purposes.
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  46. The Pseudo-Mates Argument.Takashi Yagisawa - 1984 - Philosophical Review 93 (3):407-418.
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  47.  32
    The Search for a First Cell Under the Maximalism Design Principle.Takashi Ikegami & Martin M. Hanczyc - 2009 - Technoetic Arts 7 (2):153-164.
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  48.  4
    International Workshop on Risk Informatics (RI2007).Takashi Washio & Shusaku Tsumoto - 2008 - In Satoh (ed.), New Frontiers in Artificial Intelligence. Springer. pp. 245--246.
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  49.  40
    Learning From Human Tutoring.Michelene T. H. Chi, Stephanie A. Siler, Heisawn Jeong, Takashi Yamauchi & Robert G. Hausmann - 2001 - Cognitive Science 25 (4):471-533.
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  50.  44
    Introduction to Ideas of Asian Regionalism.Baogang He & Takashi Inoguchi - 2011 - Japanese Journal of Political Science 12 (2):165-177.
    Most of the current scholarship focuses on the functional aspects of regionalism such as economic and security issues, and the literature tends to be too focused on American or European concerns. Despite the early examination of varied ideas of Asian regionalism, there remains a substantive lack of critical scholarship that focuses on the study of Asian ideas, proposals, and visions of regionalism.
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