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Eran Tal [10]Eyal Tal [4]Abraham Tal [3]Omri Tal [2]
Revital T. Tal [2]Orna Tal [2]Omer Tal [2]Uriel Tal [2]

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Eran Tal
McGill University
Eyal Tal
University of Cologne
  1. Old and New Problems in Philosophy of Measurement.Eran Tal - 2013 - Philosophy Compass 8 (12):1159-1173.
    The philosophy of measurement studies the conceptual, ontological, epistemic, and technological conditions that make measurement possible and reliable. A new wave of philosophical scholarship has emerged in the last decade that emphasizes the material and historical dimensions of measurement and the relationships between measurement and theoretical modeling. This essay surveys these developments and contrasts them with earlier work on the semantics of quantity terms and the representational character of measurement. The conclusions highlight four characteristics of the emerging research program in (...)
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  2.  39
    Disagreement and Easy Bootstrapping.Eyal Tal - forthcoming - Episteme:1-20.
    Should conciliating with disagreeing peers be considered sufficient for reaching rational beliefs? Thomas Kelly argues that when taken this way, Conciliationism lets those who enter into a disagreement with an irrational belief reach a rational belief all too easily. Three kinds of responses defending Conciliationism are found in the literature. One response has it that conciliation is required only of agents who have a rational belief as they enter into a disagreement. This response yields a requirement that no one should (...)
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  3.  71
    How Accurate Is the Standard Second?Eran Tal - 2011 - Philosophy of Science 78 (5):1082-1096.
    Contrary to the claim that measurement standards are absolutely accurate by definition, I argue that unit definitions do not completely fix the referents of unit terms. Instead, idealized models play a crucial semantic role in coordinating the theoretical definition of a unit with its multiple concrete realizations. The accuracy of realizations is evaluated by comparing them to each other in light of their respective models. The epistemic credentials of this method are examined and illustrated through an analysis of the contemporary (...)
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  4.  22
    Making Time: A Study in the Epistemology of Measurement.Eran Tal - 2016 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 67 (1):297-335.
    This article develops a model-based account of the standardization of physical measurement, taking the contemporary standardization of time as its central case study. To standardize the measurement of a quantity, I argue, is to legislate the mode of application of a quantity concept to a collection of exemplary artefacts. Legislation involves an iterative exchange between top-down adjustments to theoretical and statistical models regulating the application of a concept, and bottom-up adjustments to material artefacts in light of remaining gaps. The model-based (...)
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  5. Is Evidence of Evidence Evidence?Eyal Tal & Juan Comesaña - 2017 - Noûs 51 (1):95-112.
    We examine whether the "evidence of evidence is evidence" principle is true. We distinguish several different versions of the principle and evaluate recent attacks on some of those versions. We argue that, whatever the merits of those attacks, they leave the more important rendition of the principle untouched. That version is, however, also subject to new kinds of counterexamples. We end by suggesting how to formulate a better version of the principle that takes into account those new counterexamples.
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  6.  30
    Self-Intimation, Infallibility, and Higher-Order Evidence.Eyal Tal - forthcoming - Erkenntnis:1-8.
    The Self-Intimation thesis has it that whatever justificatory status a proposition has, i.e., whether or not we are justified in believing it, we are justified in believing that it has that status. The Infallibility thesis has it that whatever justificatory status we are justified in believing that a proposition has, the proposition in fact has that status. Jointly, Self-Intimation and Infallibility imply that the justificatory status of a proposition closely aligns with the justification we have about that justificatory status. Self-Intimation (...)
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  7.  63
    Making Time: A Study in the Epistemology of Measurement.E. Tal - 2014 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science (1):axu037.
    This article develops a model-based account of the standardization of physical measurement, taking the contemporary standardization of time as its central case-study. To standardize the measurement of a quantity, I argue, is to legislate the mode of application of a quantity-concept to a collection of exemplary artefacts. Legislation involves an iterative exchange between top-down adjustments to theoretical and statistical models regulating the application of a concept, and bottom-up adjustments to material artefacts in light of remaining gaps. The model-based account clarifies (...)
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  8.  80
    Evidence of Evidence is Evidence.Juan Comesaña & Eyal Tal - 2015 - Analysis 75 (4):557-559.
    Richard Feldman has proposed and defended different versions of a principle about evidence. In slogan form, the principle holds that ‘evidence of evidence is evidence’. Recently, Branden Fitelson has argued that Feldman’s preferred rendition of the principle falls pray to a counterexample related to the non-transitivity of the evidence-for relation. Feldman replies arguing that Fitelson’s case does not really represent a counterexample to the principle. In this note, we argue that Feldman’s principle is trivially true.
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  9. The Epistemology of Measurement: A Model-Based Account.Eran Tal - 2012 - Dissertation, University of Toronto
    This work develops an epistemology of measurement, that is, an account of the conditions under which measurement and standardization methods produce knowledge as well as the nature, scope, and limits of this knowledge. I focus on three questions: (i) how is it possible to tell whether an instrument measures the quantity it is intended to? (ii) what do claims to measurement accuracy amount to, and how might such claims be justified? (iii) when is disagreement among instruments a sign of error, (...)
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  10. From Heritability to Probability.Omri Tal - 2009 - Biology and Philosophy 24 (1):81-105.
    Can a heritability value tell us something about the weight of genetic versus environmental causes that have acted in the development of a particular individual? Two possible questions arise. Q1: what portion of the phenotype of X is due to its genes and what portion to its environment? Q2: what portion of X’s phenotypic deviation from the mean is a result of its genetic deviation and what portion a result of its environmental deviation? An answer to Q1 provides the full (...)
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  11.  18
    Individuating Quantities.Eran Tal - 2019 - Philosophical Studies 176 (4):853-878.
    When discrepancies are discovered between the outcomes of different measurement procedures, two sorts of explanation are open to scientists. Either some of the outcomes are inaccurate or the procedures are not measuring the same quantity. I argue that, due to the possibility of systematic error, the choice between and is underdetermined in principle by any possible evidence. Consequently, foundationalist criteria of quantity individuation are either empty or circular. I propose a coherentist, model-based account of measurement that avoids the underdetermination problem, (...)
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  12.  26
    Calibration: Modelling the Measurement Process.Eran Tal - 2017 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 65:33-45.
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  13. On the Strength of No Normal Precipitous Filter.Moti Gitik & Liad Tal - 2011 - Archive for Mathematical Logic 50 (1-2):223-243.
    We consider a question of T. Jech and K. Prikry that asks if the existence of a precipitous filter implies the existence of a normal precipitous filter. The aim of this paper is to improve a result of Gitik (Israel J Math, 175:191–219, 2010) and to show that measurable cardinals of a higher order rather than just measurable cardinals are necessary in order to have a model with a precipitous filter but without a normal one.
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  14.  29
    Measurement in Science.Eran Tal - 2015 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
  15. From Data to Phenomena and Back Again: Computer-Simulated Signatures.Eran Tal - 2011 - Synthese 182 (1):117-129.
    This paper draws attention to an increasingly common method of using computer simulations to establish evidential standards in physics. By simulating an actual detection procedure on a computer, physicists produce patterns of data (‘signatures’) that are expected to be observed if a sought-after phenomenon is present. Claims to detect the phenomenon are evaluated by comparing such simulated signatures with actual data. Here I provide a justification for this practice by showing how computer simulations establish the reliability of detection procedures. I (...)
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  16.  5
    Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy Can Induce Angiogenesis and Regeneration of Nerve Fibers in Traumatic Brain Injury Patients.Sigal Tal, Amir Hadanny, Efrat Sasson, Gil Suzin & Shai Efrati - 2017 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 11.
  17.  28
    Michael Weisberg * Simulation and Similarity: Using Models to Understand the World.Eran Tal - 2015 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 66 (2):469-473.
  18.  3
    Truth-Telling and Doctor-Assisted Death as Perceived by Israeli Physicians.Arnona Ziv Baruch Velan, Carmit Rubin Giora Kaplan, Tami Karni Yaron Connelly & Orna Tal - 2019 - BMC Medical Ethics 20.
    Medicine has undergone substantial changes in the way medical dilemmas are being dealt with. Here we explore the attitude of Israeli physicians to two debatable dilemmas: disclosing the full truth to patients...
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  19.  12
    Caffeine-Induced Global Reductions in Resting-State BOLD Connectivity Reflect Widespread Decreases in MEG Connectivity.Omer Tal, Mithun Diwakar, Chi-Wah Wong, Valur Olafsson, Roland Lee, Ming-Xiong Huang & Thomas T. Liu - 2013 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 7.
  20.  37
    Learning in a Personal Context: Levels of Choice in a Free Choice Learning Environment in Science and Natural History Museums.Yael Bamberger & Tali Tal - 2007 - Science Education 91 (1):75-95.
  21.  13
    The Making of Measurement: Editors’ Introduction.Daniel Jon Mitchell, Eran Tal & Hasok Chang - 2017 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 65:1-7.
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  22.  1
    Truth-Telling and Doctor-Assisted Death as Perceived by Israeli Physicians.Baruch Velan, Arnona Ziv, Giora Kaplan, Carmit Rubin, Yaron Connelly, Tami Karni & Orna Tal - 2019 - BMC Medical Ethics 20 (1):13.
    Medicine has undergone substantial changes in the way medical dilemmas are being dealt with. Here we explore the attitude of Israeli physicians to two debatable dilemmas: disclosing the full truth to patients about a poor medical prognosis, and assisting terminally ill patients in ending their lives. Attitudes towards medico-ethical dilemmas were examined through a nationwide online survey conducted among members of the Israeli Medical Association, yielding 2926 responses. Close to 60% of the respondents supported doctor-assisted death, while one third rejected (...)
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  23.  27
    The Impact of Gene–Environment Interaction and Correlation on the Interpretation of Heritability.Omri Tal - 2012 - Acta Biotheoretica 60 (3):225-237.
    The presence of gene–environment statistical interaction and correlation in biological development has led both practitioners and philosophers of science to question the legitimacy of heritability estimates. The paper offers a novel approach to assess the impact of GxE and rGE on the way genetic and environmental causation can be partitioned. A probabilistic framework is developed, based on a quantitative genetic model that incorporates GxE and rGE, offering a rigorous way of interpreting heritability estimates. Specifically, given an estimate of heritability and (...)
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  24.  9
    The Samaritan Targum of the Pentateuch, Vol. I.Reinhard Pummer & Abraham Tal - 1981 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 101 (4):447.
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  25.  31
    Herd No More: Livestock Husbandry Policies and the Environment in Israel. [REVIEW]Elizabeth Wachs & Alon Tal - 2009 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 22 (5):401-422.
    Livestock production in both industrial systems, where livestock are packed tightly together, and in highly traditional systems, where a shepherd follows her herd in dispersed rangelands, are cited as key contributors in some of the most acute environmental problems around the globe. Israel is one of the few countries where both of these systems exist, with surprisingly little contact between them. The environmental impact of the sectors were examined along with Israel’s public policies in the field. While historically, much attention (...)
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  26.  7
    Teaching Biotechnology Through Case Studies—Can We Improve Higher Order Thinking Skills of Nonscience Majors?Yehudit J. Dori, Revital T. Tal & Masha Tsaushu - 2003 - Science Education 87 (6):767-793.
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  27.  4
    Formal and Informal Collaborative Projects: Engaging in Industry with Environmental Awareness.Yehudit J. Dori & Revital T. Tal - 2000 - Science Education 84 (1):95-113.
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  28.  2
    Principles of Samaritan Halachah.Abraham Tal, Iain Ruairidh Mac Mhanainn Bóid & Iain Ruairidh Mac Mhanainn Boid - 1992 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 112 (3):531.
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  29.  2
    Guided School Visits to Natural History Museums in Israel: Teachers' Roles.Revital Tal, Yael Bamberger & Orly Morag - 2005 - Science Education 89 (6):920-935.
  30. Learning and Assessing Biotechnology Topics Through Case Studies with Built-in Dilemmas.Y. J. Dori, R. T. Tal & M. Tsaushu - 2003 - Science Education 87 (6):767-793.
     
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  31. A Joint Deep Recommendation Framework for Location-Based Social Networks.Omer Tal & Yang Liu - 2019 - Complexity 2019:1-11.
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  32. Contributors' Biographies.Daniel Bar Tal - 1991 - In William M. Kurtines & Jacob L. Gewirtz (eds.), Handbook of Moral Behavior and Development. L. Erlbaum.
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