Results for 'Tal Tamari'

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  1.  3
    Bamana Texts in Arabic Characters: Some Leaves From Mali.Tal Tamari - 2017 - In Mauro Nobili & Andrea Brigaglia (eds.), The Arts and Crafts of Literacy: Islamic Manuscript Cultures in Sub-Saharan Africa. De Gruyter. pp. 207-278.
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  2.  38
    Ethical Issues in Bankruptcy: A Jewish Perspective. [REVIEW]Meir Tamari - 1990 - Journal of Business Ethics 9 (10):785 - 789.
    The ethical issues involved in bankruptcy affect the debtor, the creditor and the society in which they operate. Facing the debtor is his responsibility to pay back the loans and credit extended to him while the creditor has to decide whether or not to press his legal rights, irrespective of the consequences to the debtor. Society will have to determine to what extent, if any, it is prepared or obligated to fund the rehabilitation of the debtor and those employees, whose (...)
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  3.  2
    The Phenomenology of Architecture: A Short Introduction to Juhani Pallasmaa.Tomoko Tamari - 2017 - Body and Society 23 (1):91-95.
    This piece focuses on the work of Juhani Pallasmaa who introduces phenomenological aspects of kinesthetic and multisensory perception of the human body into architecture theory. He argues that hand-drawing is a vital spatial and haptic exercise in facilitating architectural design. Through this process, architecture can emerge as the very ‘material’ existence of human embodied ‘immaterial’ emotion, feelings and wisdom. Hence, for Pallasmaa, architecture can be seen as an artistic practice, which entails multisensory and embodied thought in order to establish the (...)
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  4.  46
    The Challenge of Wealth: Jewish Business Ethics.Meir Tamari - 1997 - Business Ethics Quarterly 7 (2):45-56.
    Jewish business ethics in Israel addresses two major sources of economic immorality—unbounded desire and fear of economic uncertainty—through enforcement and spiritual education. Business is seen as a path to sanctity, when time is set apart for religious study, wealth is seen as originating from God, the vulnerable are protected against fraud and theft, charity is seen as an obligation, and mercy towards debtors is tempered by justice.
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  5.  7
    The Challenge of Wealth: Jewish Business Ethics.Tamari Meir - 1997 - Business Ethics Quarterly 7 (2):45-56.
    Jewish business ethics in Israel addresses two major sources of economic immorality—unbounded desire and fear of economic uncertainty—through enforcement and spiritual education. Business is seen as a path to sanctity, when time is set apart for religious study, wealth is seen as originating from God, the vulnerable are protected against fraud and theft, charity is seen as an obligation, and mercy towards debtors is tempered by justice.
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  6.  42
    How Merleau-Ponty Can Provide a Philosophical Foundation for Vandana Shiva's Views on Biodiversity.Shlomit Tamari - 2010 - Comparative and Continental Philosophy 2 (2):275-289.
    This essay argues that Merleau-Ponty’s concept of nature as a “privileged expression” of ontology provides the conceptual support for a more responsible attitude toward humans and nature. Furthermore, this concept of nature needs to be viewed in the light of a more profound concept that opens a new vision of the human being’s place in the world, namely Merleau-Ponty’s fields of perception. Shiva’s writings pertaining to the environment gain a more profound, yet critical, understanding when viewed in this way. Similarly, (...)
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  7. Ethical Investing From a Jewish Perspective.Mark S. Schwartz, Meir Tamari & Daniel Schwab - 2007 - Business and Society Review 112 (1):137-161.
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  8.  11
    Cultural Studies in Japan.Tomoko Tamari - 2006 - Theory, Culture and Society 23 (7-8):305-314.
    This interview focuses on the history and current developments of cultural studies in Japan. Shunya Yoshimi is one of the leading figures in cultural studies in Japan since its introduction in the mid-1990s. He is currently engaged in the task of developing cultural studies in Asia with younger generations of scholars and to this end has helped established a new type of cultural movement, Cultural Typhoon, as well as contributing to expand Asian cultural studies networks, such as Inter Asia Cultural (...)
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  9. Interview with Bryan S Turner: Reflections on the 25th Anniversary of Body & Society.Tomoko Tamari - 2020 - Body and Society 26 (4):97-118.
    Body & Society started in 1995. The journal has been continuously exploring and problematizing critical issues which have been opening up new horizons in the field of body studies. As an interdisciplinary journal, it has engaged with a wider range of innovative approaches to the body, which includes sociology, cultural studies, psychology, philosophy, anthropology, history, science and technology studies, sensory studies and media studies. To celebrate the 25th anniversary of Body & Society, managing editor Tomoko Tamari invited Professor Bryan (...)
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  10.  7
    Skin Matters: An Interview with Marc Lafrance.Tomoko Tamari - 2019 - Theory, Culture and Society 36 (7-8):273-291.
    Following the Body & Society special issue, Skin Matters: Thinking Through the Body’s Surfaces, Tomoko Tamari conducted an interview with the special issue editor, Marc Lafrance. He argues for the skin as an interface, which both resists and reinforces binary oppositions. Lafrance is particularly interested in the relationship between the skin and subjectivity, focusing on those who are suffering from traumatic stigmatizing experiences. This theme is also elaborated in the debates around the issue of human-made skin in ‘regenerative medicine’. (...)
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  11. Body Image and Prosthetic Aesthetics: Disability, Technology and Paralympic Culture.Tomoko Tamari - 2017 - Body and Society 23 (2):25-56.
    The success of the London 2012 Paralympic Games not only revealed new public possibilities for the disabled, but also thrust the debates on the relationship between elite Paralympians and advanced prosthetic technology into the spotlight. One of the Paralympic stars, Oscar Pistorius, in particular became celebrated as ‘the Paralympian cyborg’. Also prominent has been Aimee Mullins, a former Paralympian, who became a globally successful fashion model by seeking to establish a new bodily aesthetic utilizing non-organic body parts. This article examines (...)
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  12.  38
    Interpretations En Mathematiques.Dov Tamari - 1959 - Synthese 11 (2):167-176.
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  13. Merleau-Ponṭy and environmental Education.Shlomit Tamari - 2008 - Bar-Ilan University Press.
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  14. Moris Merlo-Ponṭi Ṿeha-Ḥinukh Ha-Sevivati.Shlomit Tamari - 2008 - Hotsaʼat Universiṭat Bar-Ilan.
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  15.  12
    Metabolism: Utopian Urbanism and the Japanese Modern Architecture Movement.Tomoko Tamari - 2014 - Theory, Culture and Society 31 (7-8):201-225.
    The Fukushima catastrophe has led to important practical and conceptual shifts in contemporary Japanese architecture which in turn has led to a re-evaluation of the influential 1960s Japanese modern architecture movement, Metabolism. The Metabolists had the ambition to create a new Japanese society through techno-utopian city planning. The new generation of Japanese architects, after the Fukushima event, no longer seek evolutionally social change; rather, the disaster has made them re-consider what architecture is and what architects can do for people who (...)
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  16.  9
    Reflections on the Development of Cultural Studies in Japan.Tomoko Tamari - 2006 - Theory, Culture and Society 23 (7-8):293-304.
    Although Japan had its own distinctive ‘pre-history’ of cultural studies, which produced some excellent research on popular culture, which can be traced back to the 1920s, the current state of cultural studies has been criticized by conventional mainstream academics; whereas the younger generation has been attracted by cultural studies as a new academic trend. An important new development in cultural studies in Japan is Cultural Typhoon. This new movement seeks to avoid institutionalization and create an alternative academic public sphere alongside (...)
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  17.  4
    Une Contribution aux Théories de Communication: Machines de Turing Et Problèmes de Mot.Dov Tamari - 1966 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 31 (1):139-140.
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  18.  43
    Une Contribution aux Theories Modernes de Communication: Machines de Turing Et Problemes de Mot.Dov Tamari - 1955 - Synthese 9 (1):205-227.
  19. Une contribution aux théories modernes de communication: machines de Turing et problèmes de mot.Dov Tamari - 1953 - Synthese 9 (3/5):205.
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  20.  21
    Dov Tamari. Une Contribution aux Théories de Communication: Machines de Turing Et Problèmes de Mot. Synthese, Vol. 9 Issue 3 Nos. 3–5 , Pp. 205–227. [REVIEW]C. E. M. Yates - 1966 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 31 (1):139-140.
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  21. Old and New Problems in Philosophy of Measurement.Eran Tal - 2013 - Philosophy Compass 8 (12):1159-1173.
    The philosophy of measurement studies the conceptual, ontological, epistemic, and technological conditions that make measurement possible and reliable. A new wave of philosophical scholarship has emerged in the last decade that emphasizes the material and historical dimensions of measurement and the relationships between measurement and theoretical modeling. This essay surveys these developments and contrasts them with earlier work on the semantics of quantity terms and the representational character of measurement. The conclusions highlight four characteristics of the emerging research program in (...)
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  22. Is Evidence of Evidence Evidence?Eyal Tal & Juan Comesaña - 2017 - Noûs 51 (1):95-112.
    We examine whether the "evidence of evidence is evidence" principle is true. We distinguish several different versions of the principle and evaluate recent attacks on some of those versions. We argue that, whatever the merits of those attacks, they leave the more important rendition of the principle untouched. That version is, however, also subject to new kinds of counterexamples. We end by suggesting how to formulate a better version of the principle that takes into account those new counterexamples.
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  23. Tal and Comesaña on Evidence of Evidence.Luca Moretti - 2016 - The Reasoner 10 (5):38-39.
    R. Feldman defends a general principle about evidence the slogan form of which says that ‘evidence of evidence is evidence’. B. Fitelson considers three renditions of this principle and contends they are all falsified by counterexamples. Against both Feldman and Fitelson, J. Comesaña and E. Tal show that the third rendition––the one actually endorsed by Feldman––isn’t affected by Fitelson’s counterexamples, but only because it is trivially true and thus uninteresting. Tal and Comesaña defend a fourth version of Feldman’s principle, which––they (...)
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  24.  61
    Self-Intimation, Infallibility, and Higher-Order Evidence.Eyal Tal - 2020 - Erkenntnis 85 (3):665-672.
    The Self-Intimation thesis has it that whatever justificatory status a proposition has, i.e., whether or not we are justified in believing it, we are justified in believing that it has that status. The Infallibility thesis has it that whatever justificatory status we are justified in believing that a proposition has, the proposition in fact has that status. Jointly, Self-Intimation and Infallibility imply that the justificatory status of a proposition closely aligns with the justification we have about that justificatory status. Self-Intimation (...)
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  25. Is Higher-Order Evidence Evidence?Eyal Tal - forthcoming - Philosophical Studies.
    Suppose we learn that we have a poor track record in forming beliefs rationally, or that a brilliant colleague thinks that we believe P irrationally. Does such input require us to revise those beliefs whose rationality is in question? When we gain information suggesting that our beliefs are irrational, we are in one of two general cases. In the first case we made no error, and our beliefs are rational. In that case the input to the contrary is misleading. In (...)
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  26.  2
    The Trouble with Algorithmic Decisions: An Analytic Road Map to Examine Efficiency and Fairness in Automated and Opaque Decision Making.Tal Zarsky - 2016 - Science, Technology, and Human Values 41 (1):118-132.
    We are currently witnessing a sharp rise in the use of algorithmic decision-making tools. In these instances, a new wave of policy concerns is set forth. This article strives to map out these issues, separating the wheat from the chaff. It aims to provide policy makers and scholars with a comprehensive framework for approaching these thorny issues in their various capacities. To achieve this objective, this article focuses its attention on a general analytical framework, which will be applied to a (...)
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  27.  92
    Making Time: A Study in the Epistemology of Measurement.E. Tal - 2014 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science (1):axu037.
    This article develops a model-based account of the standardization of physical measurement, taking the contemporary standardization of time as its central case-study. To standardize the measurement of a quantity, I argue, is to legislate the mode of application of a quantity-concept to a collection of exemplary artefacts. Legislation involves an iterative exchange between top-down adjustments to theoretical and statistical models regulating the application of a concept, and bottom-up adjustments to material artefacts in light of remaining gaps. The model-based account clarifies (...)
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  28.  83
    How Accurate Is the Standard Second?Eran Tal - 2011 - Philosophy of Science 78 (5):1082-1096.
    Contrary to the claim that measurement standards are absolutely accurate by definition, I argue that unit definitions do not completely fix the referents of unit terms. Instead, idealized models play a crucial semantic role in coordinating the theoretical definition of a unit with its multiple concrete realizations. The accuracy of realizations is evaluated by comparing them to each other in light of their respective models. The epistemic credentials of this method are examined and illustrated through an analysis of the contemporary (...)
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  29.  46
    Making Time: A Study in the Epistemology of Measurement.Eran Tal - 2016 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 67 (1):297-335.
    This article develops a model-based account of the standardization of physical measurement, taking the contemporary standardization of time as its central case study. To standardize the measurement of a quantity, I argue, is to legislate the mode of application of a quantity concept to a collection of exemplary artefacts. Legislation involves an iterative exchange between top-down adjustments to theoretical and statistical models regulating the application of a concept, and bottom-up adjustments to material artefacts in light of remaining gaps. The model-based (...)
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  30. The Epistemology of Measurement: A Model-Based Account.Eran Tal - 2012 - Dissertation, University of Toronto
    This work develops an epistemology of measurement, that is, an account of the conditions under which measurement and standardization methods produce knowledge as well as the nature, scope, and limits of this knowledge. I focus on three questions: (i) how is it possible to tell whether an instrument measures the quantity it is intended to? (ii) what do claims to measurement accuracy amount to, and how might such claims be justified? (iii) when is disagreement among instruments a sign of error, (...)
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  31.  66
    Measurement in Science.Eran Tal - 2015 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
  32.  40
    Calibration: Modelling the Measurement Process.Eran Tal - 2017 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 65:33-45.
  33.  7
    Emotion Regulation Through Movement: Unique Sets of Movement Characteristics Are Associated with and Enhance Basic Emotions.Tal Shafir, Rachelle P. Tsachor & Kathleen B. Welch - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  34.  18
    Uncertainty and Expectation in Sentence Processing: Evidence From Subcategorization Distributions.Tal Linzen & T. Florian Jaeger - 2016 - Cognitive Science 40 (6):1382-1411.
    There is now considerable evidence that human sentence processing is expectation based: As people read a sentence, they use their statistical experience with their language to generate predictions about upcoming syntactic structure. This study examines how sentence processing is affected by readers' uncertainty about those expectations. In a self-paced reading study, we use lexical subcategorization distributions to factorially manipulate both the strength of expectations and the uncertainty about them. We compare two types of uncertainty: uncertainty about the verb's complement, reflecting (...)
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  35. From Heritability to Probability.Omri Tal - 2009 - Biology and Philosophy 24 (1):81-105.
    Can a heritability value tell us something about the weight of genetic versus environmental causes that have acted in the development of a particular individual? Two possible questions arise. Q1: what portion of the phenotype of X is due to its genes and what portion to its environment? Q2: what portion of X’s phenotypic deviation from the mean is a result of its genetic deviation and what portion a result of its environmental deviation? An answer to Q1 provides the full (...)
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  36.  37
    Cognitive Neuroscience 2.0: Building a Cumulative Science of Human Brain Function.Tal Yarkoni, Russell A. Poldrack, David C. Van Essen & Tor D. Wager - 2010 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 14 (11):489-496.
  37.  7
    A Joint Deep Recommendation Framework for Location-Based Social Networks.Omer Tal & Yang Liu - 2019 - Complexity 2019:1-11.
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  38. Kant on Reality, Cause, and Force: From the Early Modern Tradition to the Critical Philosophy.Tal Glezer - 2017 - Cambridge University Press.
    Kant's category of reality is an often overlooked element of his Critique of Pure Reason. Tal Glezer shows that it nevertheless belongs at the core of Kant's mature critical philosophy: it captures an issue that motivated his critical turn, shaped his theory of causation, and established the role of his philosophy of science. Glezer's study traces the roots of Kant's category of reality to early modern debates over the intelligibility of substantial forms, fueled by the tension between the idea of (...)
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  39.  1
    The Development of a Jewish Mutual Fund.Mark Schwartz, Meir Tamari & Daniel Schwab - 2002 - Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society 13:298-307.
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  40.  31
    Individuating Quantities.Eran Tal - 2019 - Philosophical Studies 176 (4):853-878.
    When discrepancies are discovered between the outcomes of different measurement procedures, two sorts of explanation are open to scientists. Either some of the outcomes are inaccurate or the procedures are not measuring the same quantity. I argue that, due to the possibility of systematic error, the choice between and is underdetermined in principle by any possible evidence. Consequently, foundationalist criteria of quantity individuation are either empty or circular. I propose a coherentist, model-based account of measurement that avoids the underdetermination problem, (...)
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  41. From Data to Phenomena and Back Again: Computer-Simulated Signatures.Eran Tal - 2011 - Synthese 182 (1):117-129.
    This paper draws attention to an increasingly common method of using computer simulations to establish evidential standards in physics. By simulating an actual detection procedure on a computer, physicists produce patterns of data (‘signatures’) that are expected to be observed if a sought-after phenomenon is present. Claims to detect the phenomenon are evaluated by comparing such simulated signatures with actual data. Here I provide a justification for this practice by showing how computer simulations establish the reliability of detection procedures. I (...)
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  42.  15
    The Effect of Object–Valence Relations on Automatic Evaluation.Tal Moran & Yoav Bar-Anan - 2013 - Cognition and Emotion 27 (4):743-752.
  43.  13
    When a Push Becomes a Shove: Nudging in Elderly Care.Tal Shachar & Dov Greenbaum - 2019 - American Journal of Bioethics 19 (5):78-80.
    Volume 19, Issue 5, May 2019, Page 78-80.
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  44.  25
    Cognitive Neuroscience 2.0: Building a Cumulative Science of Human Brain Function.Tor D. Wager Tal Yarkoni, Russell A. Poldrack, David C. Van Essen - 2010 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 14 (11):489.
  45.  14
    The Effect of Co-Occurrence and Relational Information on Speeded Evaluation.Tal Moran & Yoav Bar-Anan - 2020 - Cognition and Emotion 34 (1):144-155.
    ABSTRACTAfter co-occurrence of a neutral conditioned stimulus with an affective unconditioned stimulus, the evaluation of the CS acquires the US valence. This effect disappears when infor...
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  46.  1
    Privacy Preserving Region Optimal Algorithms for Symmetric and Asymmetric DCOPs.Tal Grinshpoun, Tamir Tassa, Vadim Levit & Roie Zivan - 2019 - Artificial Intelligence 266:27-50.
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  47.  23
    The Provenances of Economic Theory's Impact on Education: French Educational Thought at the End of the Ancien Régime.Tal Gilead - 2011 - Educational Theory 61 (1):55-73.
    Today, the influence of economic thought on educational theory is evident. It seems to weaken, however, the further we travel back in history. In this article, Tal Gilead examines the historical origins of this influence. He shows that it first emerged in French educational thought during the second half of the eighteenth century. Through analyzing a number of books on educational theory from this period, Gilead demonstrates the educational impact of two innovative economic ideas: first, the idea that wealth stems (...)
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  48.  14
    Contemporary Jewish Perspectives on Business Ethics: The Contributions of Meir Tamari and Moses L. Pava—a Review Essay.Edwin M. Epstein - 2000 - Business Ethics Quarterly 10 (2):523-542.
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  49.  8
    Preparing for Distraction: Attention is Enhanced Prior to the Presentation of Distractors.Tal Makovski - forthcoming - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General.
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  50. Attitudes Towards Euthanasia and Assisted Suicide: A Comparison Between Psychiatrists and Other Physicians.Tal Bergman Levy, Shlomi Azar, Ronen Huberfeld, Andrew M. Siegel & Rael D. Strous - 2013 - Bioethics 27 (7):402-408.
    Euthanasia and physician assisted-suicide are terms used to describe the process in which a doctor of a sick or disabled individual engages in an activity which directly or indirectly leads to their death. This behavior is engaged by the healthcare provider based on their humanistic desire to end suffering and pain. The psychiatrist's involvement may be requested in several distinct situations including evaluation of patient capacity when an appeal for euthanasia is requested on grounds of terminal somatic illness or when (...)
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