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Talbot Brewer [23]Talbot M. Brewer [4]
  1. The retrieval of ethics.Talbot Brewer - 2009 - New York: Oxford University Press.
    Talbot Brewer offers a new approach to ethical theory, founded on a far-reaching reconsideration of the nature and sources of human agency.
  2.  60
    Moral Knowledge and Ethical Character.Talbot Brewer & Robert Audi - 1999 - Philosophical Review 108 (3):433.
    It is not clear whether to assess Robert Audi’s Moral Knowledge and Ethical Character as a collection of essays or a unified piece of theorizing. Seven of the book’s twelve essays have been published before, and at first blush they appear connected by little more than a common focus on ethics. These essays are framed, however, by an introduction and conclusion characterizing the book as the elaboration of a single, large-scale ethical theory. Perhaps a comprehensive theory can be disentangled from (...)
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  3. Three dogmas of desire.Talbot Brewer - 2006 - In Timothy Chappell (ed.), Values and Virtues: Aristotelianism in Contemporary Ethics. Oxford University Press.
  4. Virtues we can share: Friendship and aristotelian ethical theory.Talbot Brewer - 2005 - Ethics 115 (4):721-758.
  5. Maxims and virtues.Talbot Brewer - 2002 - Philosophical Review 111 (4):539-572.
    Perhaps the most fundamental and distinctive idea of Kantian moral psychology is that no behavior can count as action unless it is performed on a subjective practical principle, or a maxim of action. The maxim is supposed to provide the target of moral assessment of all actions, whether this assessment is prospective or retrospective. The presence of a maxim is also supposed to illuminate how it is that agents are active in, hence responsible for, the peculiar species of events we (...)
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  6. ACKNOWLEDGING OTHERS.Talbot Brewer - 2021 - Journal of Ethical Reflections 1 (4):91-119.
    It is widely affirmed that human beings have irreplaceable valuable, and that we owe it to them to treat them accordingly. Many theorists have been drawn to Kantianism because they think that it alone can capture this intuition. One aim of this paper is to show that this is a mistake, and that Kantianism cannot provide an independent rational vindication, nor even a fully illuminating articulation, of irreplaceability. A further aim is to outline a broadly Aristotelian view that provides a (...)
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  7.  52
    Maxims and Virtues.Talbot Brewer - 2002 - Philosophical Review 111 (4):539-572.
    Perhaps the most fundamental and distinctive idea of Kantian moral psychology is that no behavior can count as action unless it is performed on a subjective practical principle, or a maxim of action. The maxim is supposed to provide the target of moral assessment of all actions, whether this assessment is prospective or retrospective. The presence of a maxim is also supposed to illuminate how it is that agents are active in, hence responsible for, the peculiar species of events we (...)
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  8. Two kinds of commitments (and two kinds of social groups).Talbot M. Brewer - 2003 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 66 (3):554–583.
    In this paper, I draw a distinction between two fundamentally different kinds of commitments by highlighting some previously unnoticed subtleties in the pragmatics of "commissive" utterances. I argue that theories which seek to model all commitments on promises, or to ground them all on voluntary consent, can account only for one sort of obligation and not for the other. Since social groups are most perspicuously categorized in terms of the sorts of commitments that bind their members together, this puts me (...)
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  9. The Real Problem with Internalism about Reasons.Talbot Brewer - 2002 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 32 (4):443 - 473.
    It is common, in current literature on the topic at hand, to distinguish two kinds of reasons for action: justificatory reasons, which answer questions about what we ought to do, and explanatory reasons, which explain what we actually do. Internalism is a thesis about justificatory reasons—that is, the kind of reasons we are in search of when we deliberate about what to do or advise others about what they ought to do. Of course, since internalism traces justificatory reasons to the (...)
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  10.  83
    The character of temptation: Towards a more plausible Kantian moral psychology.Talbot Brewer - 2002 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 83 (2):103–130.
    Kant maintained that dutiful action can have the fullest measure of moral worth even if chosen in the face of powerful inclinations to act immorally, and indeed that opposing inclinations only highlight the worth of the action. I argue that this conclusion rests on an implausibly mechanistic account of desires, and that many desires are constituted by tendencies to see certain features of one’s circumstances as reasons to perform one or another action. I try to show that inclinations to violate (...)
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  11. On Alienated Emotions.Talbot Brewer - 2011 - In Carla Bagnoli (ed.), Morality and the Emotions. Oxford University Press.
  12. 2.“Doing and Allowing” and Doing and Allowing “Doing and Allowing” and Doing and Allowing (pp. 799-808).William J. FitzPatrick, Gerhard Øverland, Talbot Brewer, David Enoch & Philip Stratton‐Lake - 2005 - Ethics 115 (4).
     
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  13. Is welfare an independent good?Talbot Brewer - 2009 - Social Philosophy and Policy 26 (1):96-125.
    In recent years, philosophical inquiry into individual welfare has blossomed into something of a cottage industry, and this literature has provided the conceptual foundations for an equally voluminous literature on aggregate social welfare. In this essay, I argue that substantial portions of both bodies of literature ought to be viewed as philosophical manifestations of a characteristically modern illusion—the illusion, in particular, that there is a special kind of goodness that is irreducibly person-relative. Theories that are built upon this idea suffer (...)
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  14.  18
    Two Kinds of Commitments (And Two Kinds of Social Groups).Talbot M. Brewer - 2003 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 66 (3):554-583.
    In this paper, I draw a distinction between two fundamentally different kinds of commitments by highlighting some previously unnoticed subtleties in the pragmatics of “commissive” utterances. I argue that theories which seek to model all commitments on promises, or to ground them all on voluntary consent, can account only for one sort of obligation and not for the other. Since social groups are most perspicuously categorized in terms of the sorts of commitments that bind their members together, this puts me (...)
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  15.  61
    Appearances of the Good: An Essay on the Nature of Practical Reason.Talbot Brewer - 2008 - Philosophical Review 117 (4):618-620.
  16.  48
    The Bounds of Choice: Unchosen Virtues, Unchosen Commitments.Talbot Brewer - 1999 - New York: Routledge.
    Presents a sustained and original challenge to the orthodox understanding of the relationship between morality and voluntary choice. The two main theses of the book are that we can be morally responsible for aspects of our character that we have not chosen or otherwise authored, and that we can enter into interpersonal commitments to which we have not voluntarily consented.
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  17.  16
    The Real Problem With Internalism About Reasons.Talbot Brewer - 2002 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 32 (4):443-473.
    Over the past two decades, moral philosophers have been engaged in a seemingly interminable debate about the role of internal and external reasons in practical reasoning. The rough distinction between these two sorts of reasons is this: internal reasons apply to particular agents in virtue of their relation to that agent's desires, preferences, or other motivational states, while external reasons are normative for particular agents quite independently of their relation to the subjective motivational states of these agents.
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  18.  90
    Self‐Love and Its Forms.Talbot Brewer - 2020 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 37 (1):39-43.
    Sarah Buss argues that if we are to rise to the challenge of standing up to justice when doing so is costly, we will have to internalise a sense of our own unimportance. That is, we will have to cultivate an attitude that is ‘the opposite of self‐love’. I try to show that what we need is not to eliminate our love of self but to give it a proper and discerning shape, so that it conduces to our goodness rather (...)
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  19. The foundations of neo-aristotelianism: Critical notice of Michael Thompson, life and action.Talbot Brewer - 2009 - Philosophical Books 50 (4):197-212.
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  20. Character, Desire and Moral Commitment.Talbot Brewer - 1998 - Dissertation, Harvard University
    I argue that desires and emotions have a cognitive element that leaves them open to direct moral assessment. I maintain that a wide range of affects enter into moral reasoning as initial mappings of practical reasons onto the world. This suggests a way of characterizing conflicts between persistent desires and all-things-considered practical judgments. Such conflicts indicate that our considered judgments lack the status of wholehearted convictions. The dissertation culminates in a distinctive account of certain interpersonal obligations that builds upon this (...)
     
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  21. Is welfare an independent good?Talbot Brewer - 2009 - In Ellen Frankel Paul, Fred Dycus Miller & Jeffrey Paul (eds.), Utilitarianism: the aggregation question. Cambridge University Press.
     
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  22. On moral alchemy : a critical examination of post-9/11 U.S. military policy.Talbot Brewer - 2009 - In Matthew J. Morgan (ed.), The Impact of 9/11 on Religion and Philosophy. Palgrave-Macmillan.
     
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  23.  94
    Rethinking our maxims: Perceptual salience and practical judgment in Kantian ethics.Talbot Brewer - 2001 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 4 (3):219-230.
    Some contemporary Kantians have argued that one could not be virtuous without having internalized certain patterns of awareness that permit one to identify and respond reliably to moral reasons for action. I agree, but I argue that this insight requires unrecognized, farreaching, and thoroughly welcome changes in the traditional Kantian understanding of maxims and virtues. In particular, it implies that one''s characteristic emotions and desires will partly determine one''s maxims, and hence the praiseworthiness of one''s actions. I try to show (...)
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  24. Autonomous Action: Self-Determination in the Passive Mode Autonomous Action: Self-Determination in the Passive Mode (pp. 647-691). [REVIEW]Two-Level Eudaimonism, Second-Personal Reasons Two-Level Eudaimonism, Second-Personal Reasons, Anita L. Allen, Jack Balkin, Seyla Benhabib, Talbot Brewer, Peter Cane, Thomas Hurka & Robert N. Johnson - 2012 - Ethics 122 (4).
     
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  25.  95
    Savoring time: Desire, pleasure and wholehearted activity. [REVIEW]Talbot Brewer - 2003 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 6 (2):143-160.
    There is considerable appeal to the Aristotelian idea that taking pleasure in an activity is sometimes simply a matter of attending to it in such a way as to render it wholehearted. However, the proponents of this idea have not made adequately clear what kind of attention it is that can perform the surprising feat of transforming otherwise indifferent activities into pleasurable ones. I build upon Gilbert Ryle's suggestion that taking pleasure in an activity is tantamount to engaging in the (...)
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  26.  65
    Morality and the second person. [REVIEW]Talbot M. Brewer - 2009 - Philosophical Quarterly 59 (234):163-167.
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  27.  18
    Review: Morality and the Second Person. [REVIEW]Talbot M. Brewer - 2009 - Philosophical Quarterly 59 (234):163 - 167.
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