Results for 'Talent'

469 found
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  1.  15
    Talent in Autism: Hyper-Systemizing, Hyper-Attention to Detail and Sensory Hyper-Sensitivity.Simon Baron-Cohen, Emma Ashwin, Chris Ashwin, Teresa Tavassoli & Bhismadev Chakrabarti - 2010 - In Francesca Happé & Uta Frith (eds.), Autism and Talent. Oup/the Royal Society.
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  2.  27
    Mathematical Talent is Linked to Autism.Simon Baron-Cohen, Sally Wheelwright, Amy Burtenshaw & Esther Hobson - 2007 - Human Nature 18 (2):125-131.
    A total of 378 mathematics undergraduates (selected for being strong at “systemizing”) and 414 students in other (control) disciplines at Cambridge University were surveyed with two questions: (1) Do you have a diagnosed autism spectrum condition? (2) How many relatives in your immediate family have a diagnosed autism spectrum condition? Results showed seven cases of autism in the math group (or 1.85%) vs one case of autism in the control group (or 0.24%), a ninefold difference that is significant. Controlling for (...)
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  3.  5
    Talent dispositionalism.Catherine M. Robb - forthcoming - Synthese:1-18.
    Talents often play a significant role in our personal and social lives. For example, our talents may shape the choices we make and the goods that we value, making them central to the creation of a meaningful life. Differences in the level of talents also affect how social institutions are structured, and how social goods and resources are distributed. Despite their normative importance, it is surprising that talents have not yet received substantial philosophical analysis in their own right. As a (...)
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  4. Talent, Slavery and Envy in Dworkin's Equality of Resources.Miriam Cohen Christofidis - 2004 - Utilitas 16 (3):267-287.
    In this article I argue against Ronald Dworkin's rejection of the labour auction in his ‘Equality of Resources’. I criticize Dworkin's claims that the talented would envy the untalented in such an auction, and that the talented in particular would be enslaved by it. I identify some ways in which the talent auction is underdescribed and I compare the results for the condition of the talented of different further descriptions of it. I conclude that Dworkin's deviation from the ‘envy (...)
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  5.  19
    Talent and its Development: An Emergenic and Epigenetic Model.Dean Keith Simonton - 1999 - Psychological Review 106 (3):435-457.
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  6. No Talent? Beyond the Worst Off!: A Diverse Theory of Justice for Disability.Anita Silvers - 2009 - In Kimberley Brownlee & Adam Cureton (eds.), Disability and Disadvantage. Oxford University Press. pp. 163--99.
     
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  7.  26
    Natural Talent, Fair Equality of Opportunity, and Therapeutic Use Exemptions.Søren Holm - 2018 - American Journal of Bioethics 18 (6):18-19.
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  8.  57
    Talent Development and the Luck Problem.Richard Bailey - 2007 - Sport, Ethics and Philosophy 1 (3):367 – 377.
    This paper examines the relationship between the development of talented young sports people and conceptions of social justice. It is set within the context of recent policy developments in the United Kingdom that place renewed emphasis on talent development (and wider issues of ?gifted and talented education?), and justifies this with explicit reference to social justice. After providing a summary of relevant policy initiatives and their often-unstated presumptions, the paper goes on to examine the different ways in which philosophers (...)
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  9. Equality, Responsibility and Talent Slavery.Nicole A. Vincent - 2006 - Imprints 9 (2):118-39.
    Egalitarians must address two questions: i. What should there be an equality of, which concerns the currency of the ‘equalisandum’; and ii. How should this thing be allocated to achieve the so-called equal distribution? A plausible initial composite answer to these two questions is that resources should be allocated in accordance with choice, because this way the resulting distribution of the said equalisandum will ‘track responsibility’ — responsibility will be tracked in the sense that only we will be responsible for (...)
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  10.  26
    The Ethics of Talent Management.Stephen Swailes - 2013 - Business Ethics 22 (1):32-46.
    Organisational approaches to talent management are often concerned with the ways that a small proportion of relatively high-performing employees are identified and managed in relation to the majority. Despite a growing literature on talent management, no papers have provided any guidance on how to evaluate it from an ethical standpoint. After considering what is meant by talent, this paper considers the ethical issues that arise from the operation of talent management programmes. These considerations are then used (...)
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  11. Disability or Extraordinary Talent—Francesco Lentini (Three Legs) Versus Oscar Pistorius (No Legs).Laurens Landeweerd & Ivo van Hilvoorde - 2008 - Sport, Ethics and Philosophy 2 (2):97-111.
    It seems fairly straightforward to describe what should and should not count as a disability into two separate and opposing categories. In this paper we will challenge this assumption and critically reflect on the narrow relations between the concepts of 'talent' and 'disability'. We further relate such matters of terminology and classification to issues of justice in what is conceived of as disability sport. Do current systems of classification do justice to the performances of disabled athletes? Is the organisation (...)
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  12. Equality of Talent.John E. Roemer - 1985 - Economics and Philosophy 1 (2):151-.
    If one is an egalitarian, what should one want to equalize? Opportunities or outcomes? Resources or welfare? These positions are usually conceived to be very different. I argue in this paper that the distinction is misconceived: the only coherent conception of resource equality implies welfare equality, in an appropriately abstract description of the problem. In this section, I motivate the program which the rest of the paper carries out.
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  13.  29
    Moral Luck and the Talent Problem.S. P. Morris - 2015 - Sport, Ethics and Philosophy 9 (4):363-374.
    My objective in this project is to explore the concept of moral luck as it relates to sports. I am especially interested in constitutive luck. As a foundation I draw from both Bernard Williams and Thomas Nagel’s classic handling of moral luck, generally. Within the philosophy of sport are similar explorations of this nexus by Robert Simon and David Carr that also factor into the present work. My intent is to put a new lens in front of a puzzle drawn (...)
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  14.  15
    Foreign Talent, Local Glory: Can National Excellence Be Outsourced?Jason Phan - 2013 - Sport, Ethics and Philosophy 7 (2):186-201.
    The spectacular success of the Singapore table tennis team has rankled many, including Singaporeans. They take issue with the entire team having been recruited from China and specially naturalised to contribute towards Singapore?s sporting achievements. Is there good reason to oppose Singapore?s approach, which is increasingly common internationally? Would that opposition imply an indefensible form of self-reliance, whereby a country should reject all external assistance? This paper presents a reason to object to Singapore?s approach without promoting repugnant self-reliance. It builds (...)
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  15.  5
    A Talent to Alienate: The 2nd Earl Russell.Peter Bartrip - 2012 - Russell: The Journal of Bertrand Russell Studies 32 (2).
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  16.  40
    Equality of Talent: John E. Roemer.John E. Roemer - 1985 - Economics and Philosophy 1 (2):151-188.
    If one is an egalitarian, what should one want to equalize? Opportunities or outcomes? Resources or welfare? These positions are usually conceived to be very different. I argue in this paper that the distinction is misconceived: the only coherent conception of resource equality implies welfare equality, in an appropriately abstract description of the problem. In this section, I motivate the program which the rest of the paper carries out.
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  17.  9
    The Ethics of Talent Management.Stephen Swailes - 2013 - Business Ethics: A European Review 22 (1):32-46.
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  18.  34
    Autism and Talent.Francesca Happé & Uta Frith (eds.) - 2010 - Oup/the Royal Society.
    Why do many autistic people develop outstanding abilities in domains like drawing, music, computation, and reading? What aspects of autism predispose some to talent? This book explores the origin and prevalence of exceptional talent, its basis in the brain, the current theories, and the representation of talent and autism in biography and fiction.
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  19. Equality of Talent Resources: Procedures or Outcomes?Robert van der Veen - 2002 - Ethics 113 (1):55-81.
  20.  5
    The Development of Talent in Sports: A Dynamic Network Approach.Ruud J. R. Den Hartigh, Yannick Hill & Paul L. C. Van Geert - 2018 - Complexity 2018:1-13.
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  21.  22
    Attributed Talent is a Powerful Myth.Clemens Tesch-Römer - 1998 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 21 (3):427-427.
    Whereas the reality of “innate talent” is questioned by the authors, the role of “attributed talent” is not discussed fully. “Attributed talent” is the imputation of high, not yet unfolded ability to an individual. Only if talent is attributed to a novice will resources be invested in the development of expertise. An alternative for estimating future achievement is discussed.
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  22.  1
    Diversified Talent Cultivation Mechanism of Early Childhood Physical Education Under the Full-Practice Concept – Oriented by Preschooler Mental Health and Intelligent Teaching.Nina Wang, Mohd Nazri Bin Abdul Rahman & Megat Ahmad Kamaluddin Bin Megat Daud - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
    In order to improve early childhood physical education, in this study, the talent cultivation mechanism for undergraduates was explored under the “full-practice” concept, oriented by preschooler mental health. First, from the perspective of preschooler psychology, the mechanisms of ability training and talent cultivation for undergraduates majoring in early childhood education were explored under the “full-practice” concept. Considering that the physical, psychological, and intellectual development of preschoolers shall follow the rules of physical education, and current early childhood education mainly (...)
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  23.  22
    Talent: Don't Confuse Necessity with Sufficiency, or Science with Policy.Ellen Winner - 1998 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 21 (3):430-431.
    Howe et al. fail to provide evidence that practice is sufficient and ignore evidence of high ability before instruction. They unsuccessfully discount savants; provide weak evidence against heritability of music, criticize retrospective evidence selectively, using it when it supports their position; and ultimately both accept and deny talent. Finally, they conflate a scientific question with one of policy.
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  24. The Talent Training Mode of International Service Design Using a Human–Computer Interaction Intelligent Service Robot From the Perspective of Cognitive Psychology.Yayun Yang - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    To effectively improve the efficiency of international service design talent training and make it more in line with society's needs, we analyze the current status of international service design talent training and its professional training focus. Based on the above problems, from the perspective of cognitive psychology, artificial intelligence and human–computer interaction technology are used to construct the international service design talent training mode of the HCI intelligent service robot. This mode can be used to solve the (...)
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  25.  35
    Strategic Corporate Philanthropy: Addressing Frontline Talent Needs Through an Educational Giving Program.Joe M. Ricks & Jacqueline A. Williams - 2005 - Journal of Business Ethics 60 (2):147-157.
    Corporate philanthropy describes the action when a corporation voluntarily donates a portion of its resources to a societal cause. Although the thought of philanthropy invokes feelings of altruism, there are many objectives for corporate giving beyond altruism. Meeting strategic corporate objectives can be an important if not primary goal of philanthropy. The purpose of this paper is to share insights from a strategic corporate philanthropic initiative aimed at increasing the pool of frontline customer contact employees who are performance-ready, while supporting (...)
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  26.  17
    Effort? Natural Talent? More on the Normative Structure of Sport.Jennifer Flynn - 2018 - American Journal of Bioethics 18 (6):28-29.
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  27.  13
    Responsible Leadership Helps Retain Talent in India.Jonathan P. Doh, Stephen A. Stumpf & Walter G. Tymon - 2011 - Journal of Business Ethics 98 (S1):85-100.
    The role of responsible leadership—for each leader and as part of a leader’s collective actions—is essential to global competitive success (Doh and Stumpf, Handbook on responsible leadership and governance in global business, 2005 ; Maak and Pless, Responsible leadership, 2006a . Failures in leadership have stimulated interest in understanding “responsible leadership” by researchers and practitioners. Research on responsible leadership draws on stakeholder theory, with employees viewed as a primary stakeholder for the responsible organization (Donaldson and Preston, Acad Manag Rev 20(1):65–91, (...)
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  28.  50
    The Social Construction of Talent: A Defence of Justice as Reciprocity.Steven R. Smith - 2001 - Journal of Political Philosophy 9 (1):19–37.
    Debates concerning principles of justice need to be attentive to various types of social process. One concerns the distribution of resources between groups defined as talented and untalented. Another concerns the social mechanisms by which people come to be categorised as talented and untalented. Political philosophers have paid considerable attention to the former issues, much less to the latter. That, I shall argue, represents a significant oversight.
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  29.  18
    Talent Management and Innovative Behavior Based on the Mediating Role of Organizational Learning.Iman Khaki, Hamid Erfanian Khanzadeh & Azam Babaki Rad - 2017 - International Letters of Social and Humanistic Sciences 79:16-28.
    Publication date: 25 October 2017 Source: Author: Iman Khaki, Hamid Erfanian Khanzadeh, Azam Babaki Rad This study aimed to investigate the relationship between talent management and the innovative behavior of employees based on the mediating role of organizational learning. This study is a descriptive study, according to the data collection and analysis methods and, it is a survey, according to the implementation. It was conducted during 2015 to 2016 in Mashhad, Iran. Participants were 147 staffs employed in the information (...)
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  30. Talent in the Taxi: A Model System for Exploring Expertise.Katherine Woollett, Eleanor A. Maguire & Hugo J. Spiers - 2010 - In Francesca Happé & Uta Frith (eds.), Autism and Talent. Oup/the Royal Society.
     
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  31.  25
    The Division of Talent.Stanley Cavell - 1985 - Critical Inquiry 11 (4):519-538.
    My letter of invitation to this seminar expresses the thought that “it will be very useful to have someone from outside the field help us see ourselves.” Given my interests in what you might call the fact of literary study, I was naturally attracted by the invitation to look at literary study as a discipline or profession but also suspicious of the invitation. I thought: Do professionals really want to be helped to see themselves by outsiders? This is an invitation (...)
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  32.  11
    Talent, Slavery, and Envy.Miriam Cohen Christofidis - 2004 - In Ronald Dworkin & Justine Burley (eds.), Dworkin and His Critics: With Replies by Dworkin. Blackwell.
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  33.  2
    List of Books Received 44: 4. [REVIEW]Actualizing Talent - 1996 - British Journal of Educational Studies 44 (4):469-471.
  34. Talent and Education: Present Status and Future Directions.E. Torrance (ed.) - 1960 - Univ of Minnesota Press.
     
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  35.  18
    Inborn Talent Exists.Joan Freeman - 1998 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 21 (3):415-415.
    Evidence shows that outstanding talent is more than the product of determined effort by people of much the same inborn ability. Indications of inborn individual differences come from very early studies of childhood. No randomly selected child has ever reached world-class achievement by practice alone, which, though essential, cannot itself produce greatness.
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  36.  2
    China’s Making and Governing of Educational Subjects as ‘Talent’: A Dialogue with Michel Foucault.Weili Zhao - 2020 - Educational Philosophy and Theory 52 (3):300-311.
    As an imprint of Confucian culture, China’s education intersects state governance in making and governing educational subjects as ‘talent’, an official translation of the Chinese term ‘rencai’. Whereas the English word ‘talent’ itself denotes ‘[people with] natural aptitude or skill’, ‘talent’ is currently mobilized in China not only as a globalized discourse that speaks to the most aspired educational subjects for the 21st century but also as a re-invoked cultural notion that relates to Confucian wisdom. Drawing upon (...)
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  37.  1
    Talent Research in Sport 1990–2018: A Scoping Review.Joseph Baker, Stuart Wilson, Kathryn Johnston, Nima Dehghansai, Aaron Koenigsberg, Steven de Vegt & Nick Wattie - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
    Several recent systematic and targeted reviews have highlighted limitations in our understanding of talent in sport. However, a comprehensive profile of where the scientific research has focused would help identify gaps in current knowledge. Our goal in this scoping review was to better understand what others have done in the field of research, to summarize the constituent areas of research in a meaningful way, to help identify gaps in the research, and to encourage future research to address these gaps. (...)
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  38.  8
    Exclusive Talent Management and its Consequences: A Review of Literature. [REVIEW]Rajneet Bhatia & Papori Baruah - 2020 - Asian Journal of Business Ethics 9 (2):193-209.
    The aim of this paper is twofold, i.e. first to explore the ethical ambiguity arising out of exclusive approach to talent management practices and second to take into consideration the employees’ reaction of such practices. Workforce discrimination or segmentation may be feasible from the point of view of cost-benefit, but it imposes serious implications on the fairness perceived by employees. The paper involves extensive use of existing literature which comprises of journals, books, published reports, articles, etc. from various sources (...)
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  39.  26
    Innate Talent or Deliberate Practice as Determinants of Exceptional Performance: Are We Asking the Right Question?Wolfgang Schneider - 1998 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 21 (3):423-424.
    Howe et al. proposed that the “talent account” is not suited to explain exceptional performance in specific domains. Their conclusion that early experiences and deliberate practice are highly important for high levels of skill is supported by numerous studies on the acquisition of expertise. However, the two popular views they contrast (experts are born versus experts are made) do not seem representative of current theorizing. Models that integrate the effects of basic abilities and deliberate practice are more appropriate in (...)
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  40.  16
    Exploring the Relationship Between Exclusive Talent Management, Perceived Organizational Justice and Employee Engagement: Bridging the Literature.Edward P. O’Connor & Marian Crowley-Henry - 2019 - Journal of Business Ethics 156 (4):903-917.
    This conceptual paper explores the relationship between an organization’s exclusive talent management practices, employees’ perceptions of the fairness of exclusive TM practices, and the corresponding impact on employee engagement. We propose that in organizations pursuing exclusive TM programs, employee perceptions of organizational justice of the exclusive TM practices may affect their employee engagement, which may influence both organizational and employee outcomes. Building on extant research, we present a conceptual framework depicting the relationship between exclusive TM practices, organizational justice and (...)
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  41.  31
    May the Blessed Man Win: A Critique of the Categorical Preference for Natural Talent Over Doping as Proper Origins of Athletic Ability.Pieter Bonte, Sigrid Sterckx & Guido Pennings - 2014 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 39 (4):368-386.
    Doping scandals can reveal unresolved tensions between the meritocratic values of equal opportunity + reward for effort and the “talentocratic” love of hereditary privilege. Whence this special reverence for talent? We analyze the following arguments: (1) talent is a unique indicator of greater potential, whereas doping enables only temporary boosts (the fluke critique); (2) developing a talent is an authentic endeavor of “becoming who you are,” whereas reforming the fundamentals of your birth suit via artifice is an (...)
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  42.  33
    Creativity, Virtue and the Challenges From Natural Talent, Ill-Being and Immorality.Matthew Kieran - 2014 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 75:203-230.
    We praise and admire creative people in virtually every domain from the worlds of art, fashion and design to the fields of engineering and scientific endeavour. Picasso was one of the most influential artists of the twentieth century, Einstein was a creative scientist and Jonathan Ive is admired the world over as a great designer. We also sometimes blame, condemn or withhold praise from those who fail creatively; hence we might say that someone's work or ideas tend to be rather (...)
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  43.  5
    The Homeric Talent, its Origin, Value, and Affinities.William Ridgeway - 1887 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 8:133-158.
  44.  10
    A Study of Poetic Talent.D. Stumberg - 1928 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 11 (3):219.
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  45.  11
    Tradition and the Individual Talent”: TS Eliot for Anthropologists.Felicia Hughes-Freeland - 2007 - In Elizabeth Hallam & Tim Ingold (eds.), Creativity and Cultural Improvisation. Berg. pp. 207--235.
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  46.  8
    Proposal for a New Talent Concept Based on Socioformation.Sergio Tobon & Josemanuel Luna-Nemecio - 2020 - Educational Philosophy and Theory 53 (1):21-33.
    Although human talent is essential to achieve social and organizational development with a sustainable focus, its definition and features remain unclear considering humanity’s current challenges an...
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  47.  22
    Education and Human Values: Reconciling Talent with an Ethics of Care.Michael Slote - 2012 - Routledge.
    Two of our greatest educational theorists, John Dewey and Nel Noddings, have been reluctant to admit that some students are simply more talented than others. This was no doubt due to their feeling that such an admission was inconsistent with democratic concern for everyone. But there really is such a thing as superior talent; and the present book explains how that admission is compatible with our ideals of caring. Traditionalists confident that some disciplines are more important than others haven’t (...)
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  48.  1
    Trait Self-Control Discriminates Between Youth Football Players Selected and Not Selected for the German Talent Program: A Bayesian Analysis.Wanja Wolff, Alex Bertrams & Julia Schüler - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  49.  14
    Talent Development, Existential Philosophy and Sport: On Becoming an Elite Athlete.Andy Borrie - 2019 - Journal of the Philosophy of Sport 46 (2):292-295.
    Volume 46, Issue 2, July 2019, Page 292-295.
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  50. Science Talent: The Play of Exemplar and Paradigm in the Science Education of Science‐Prone Young.Paul F. Brandwein - 1992 - Science Education 76 (2):121-139.
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