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Tamas Demeter
Hungarian Academy of Sciences
  1. Mental Fictionalism: The Very Idea.Tamás Demeter - 2013 - The Monist 96 (4):483-504.
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  2.  39
    The Uses and Abuses of Mathematics in Early Modern Philosophy: Introduction.Tamás Demeter & Eric Schliesser - 2019 - Synthese 196 (9):3461-3464.
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  3.  63
    Hume's Experimental Method.Tamás Demeter - 2012 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 20 (3):577-599.
    In this article I attempt to reconstruct David Hume's use of the label ?experimental? to characterise his method in the Treatise. Although its meaning may strike the present-day reader as unusual, such a reconstruction is possible from the background of eighteenth-century practices and concepts of natural inquiry. As I argue, Hume's inquiries into human nature are experimental not primarily because of the way the empirical data he uses are produced, but because of the way those data are theoretically processed. He (...)
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  4. Being Charitable to Scientific Controversies: On the Demonstrativity of Newton’s Experimentum Crucis.Gábor Á Zemplén & Tamás Demeter - 2010 - The Monist 93 (4):640-656.
    Current philosophical reflections on science have departed from mainstream history of science with respect to both methodology and conclusions. The article investigates how different approaches to reconstructing commitments can explain these differences and facilitate a mutual understanding and communication of these two perspectives on science. Translating the differences into problems pertaining to principles of charity, the paper offers a platform for clarification and resolution of the differences between the two perspectives. The outlined contextual approach occupies a middle ground between mainstream (...)
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  5. Two Kinds of Mental Realism.Tamás Demeter - 2009 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 40 (1):59-71.
    I argue that there is a distinction to be drawn between two kinds of mental realism, and I draw some lessons for the realism-antirealism debate. Although it is already at hand, the distinction has not yet been drawn clearly. The difference to be shown consists in what realism is about: it may be either about the interpretation of folk psychology, or the ontology of mental entities. I specify the commitment to the fact-stating character of the discourse as the central component (...)
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  6.  60
    The Sociological Tradition of Hungarian Philosophy.Tamás Demeter - 2008 - Studies in East European Thought 60 (1-2):1-16.
    In this introductory paper I sketch the tradition, several early aspects of which are discussed in the following essays and reviews. I introduce the main figures whose work initiated and maintained the sociological orientation in Hungarian philosophy thereby tracing its evolution. I suggest that its sociological outlook, if taken to be a characteristic tendency that gives Hungarian philosophy its distinctive flavour, provides us with the framework of a possible narrative about the history of Hungarian philosophy in the broader context of (...)
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  7.  14
    Hume on the Social Construction of Mathematical Knowledge.Tamás Demeter - unknown - Synthese 196 (9):3615-3631.
    Mathematics for Hume is the exemplary field of demonstrative knowledge. Ideally, this knowledge is a priori as it arises only from the comparison of ideas without any further empirical input; it is certain because demonstration consist of steps that are intuitively evident and infallible; and it is also necessary because the possibility of its falsity is inconceivable as it would imply a contradiction. But this is only the ideal, because demonstrative sciences are human enterprises and as such they are just (...)
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  8.  4
    Enlarging the Bounds of Moral Philosophy.Tamás Demeter - 2014 - In Zvi Biener & Eric Schliesser (eds.), Newton and Empiricism. Oxford University Press.
    In Opticks, Newton notes that by following the method of analysis and synthesis, ’the bounds of moral philosophy will also be enlarged’. Hume’s Treatise fulfills this vision, albeit with significant caveats. The chapter argues: 1) Hume’s affinity with Newton is primarily methodological, and Hume’s project is closer to the Queries of Opticks than to the Principia. 2) For Hume, moral philosophy is an experimental study of moral beings qua moral beings which results in ‘an anatomy of the mind’ embodying an (...)
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  9.  38
    A Chemistry of Human Nature: Chemical Imagery in Hume’s Treatise.Tamás Demeter - 2017 - Early Science and Medicine 22 (2-3):208-228.
  10. Folk Psychology Is Not a Metarepresentational Device.Tamás Demeter - 2009 - European Journal of Analytic Philosophy 5 (2):19-38.
    Here I challenge the philosophical consensus that we use folk psychology for the purposes of metarepresentation. The paper intends to show that folk psychology should not be conceived on par with fact-stating discourses in spite of what its surface semantics may suggest. I argue that folk-psychological discourse is organised in a way and has conceptual characteristics such that it cannot fulfill a fact-stating function. To support this claim I develop an open question argument for psychological interpretations, and I draw attention (...)
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  11.  35
    Essays on Wittgenstein and Austrian Philosophy: In Honour of J.C. Nyíri.Tamás Demeter (ed.) - 2004 - Rodopi.
    Essays on Wittgenstein and Austrian Philosophy is presented for the 60th birthday of professor Christoph Nyíri. The essays presented here for the first time are focused on Austrian intellectual history, and on Wittgenstein’s philosophy – the two main areas of Professor Nyíri’s interests. Typically, the contributors are outstanding scholars of the field, including among others David Bloor, Lee Congdon, Newton Garver, Wilhelm Lütterfields, Joachim Schulte, Barry Smith. The volume is of primary interest for Wittgenstein scholars and those studying the 19th (...)
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  12.  49
    Weltanschauung as a Priori: Sociology of Knowledge From a 'Romantic' Stance.Tamás Demeter - 2012 - Studies in East European Thought 64 (1-2):39-52.
    In this paper I reconstruct the central concept of the young Lukács’s and Mannheim’s sociology of knowledge, as they present it in their writings in the early decades of the twentieth century. I argue that this concept, namely Weltanschauung, is used to refer to some conceptually unstructured totality of feelings, which they take to be a condition of possibility of intellectual production, and this understanding is contrasted to an alternative construal of the term that presents it as logically structured, quasi-theoretical (...)
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  13. Can the Strong Program Be Generalized?Tamas Demeter - 2009 - Review of Sociology 15 (1):5-16.
    I argue that, despite recent attempts, the strong program in the sociology of knowledge cannot be applied as a general method of inquiry in the history of ideas. My main point is that its methodological commitments only allow the strong program to be fruitful in those fields of knowledge whose content can be given by truth conditions. But even in these fields sociological questions can be asked that are not sensitive to truth conditional content. In these cases, as I argue, (...)
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  14.  41
    From Classical Studies Towards Epistemology: The Work of József Balogh.Tamás Demeter - 1999 - Studies in East European Thought 51 (4):287-305.
    In this paper, I introduce a prominent classical scholar, József Balogh, whose work can be read as a significant contribution to the historiography of ancient, and in some sense modern, philosophy. Following a summary biography, I sketch the relevance of Balogh''s interpretation of Augustine. I draw some analogies between his and Eric Havelock''s treatment of the problems in ancient philosophy, and argue that the obvious similarities between them have a common origin, namely the perspective of the orality/literacy chasm which both (...)
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  15.  36
    Before the Two Cultures: Merging the Canons of the History of Science and Philosophy.Tamás Demeter - 2015 - Metaphilosophy 46 (3):344-363.
    This article argues that early modern philosophy should be seen as an integrated enterprise of moral and natural philosophy. Consequently, early modern moral and natural philosophy should be taught as intellectual enterprises that developed hand in hand. Further, the article argues that the unity of these two fields can be best introduced through methodological ideas. It illustrates these theses through a case study on Scottish Newtonianism, starting with visions concerning the unity of philosophy and then turning to a discussion of (...)
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  16. Post-Mechanical Explanation in the Natural and Moral Sciences: The Language of Nature and Human Nature in David Hume and William Cullen.Tamás Demeter - forthcoming - Jahrbuch für Europäische Wissenschaftskultur.
    It is common wisdom in intellectual history that eighteenth-century science of man evolved under the aegis of Newton. It is also frequently suggested that David Hume, one of the most influential practitioners of this kind of inquiry, aspired to be the Newton of the moral sciences. Usually this goes hand in hand with a more or less explicit reading of Hume’s theory of human nature as written in an idiom of particulate inert matter and active forces acting on it, i.e. (...)
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  17.  54
    Liberty, Necessity and the Foundations of Hume’s ‘Science of Man’.Tamás Demeter - 2012 - History of the Human Sciences 25 (1):15-31.
    In this article I suggest that section VIII of Hume’s Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding could be read as a contribution to the foundational issues of a characteristic 18th-century enterprise, namely the ‘science of man’. More specifically, it can be read as a summary of his attempt to place this science on an experimental footing, with an awareness of the lessons he has drawn in the previous sections of the Enquiry. This interpretation fits with an overall reading of the work as (...)
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  18.  34
    The Anatomy and Physiology of Mind: Hume's Vitalistic Account.Tamás Demeter - 2012 - In H. F. J. Horstmanshoff, H. King & C. Zittel (eds.), Blood, Sweat and Tears: The Changing Concepts of Physiology from Antiquity into Early Modern Europe. Brill.
    In this paper I challenge the widely held view which associates Hume’s philosophy with mechanical philosophies of nature and particularly with Newton. This view presents Hume’s account of the human mind as passive receiver of impressions which bring into motion, from the outside, a mental machinery whose functioning is described in terms of mechanical causal principles. Instead, I propose an interpretation which suggests that for Hume the human mind is composed of faculties that can be characterized by their active contribution (...)
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  19.  49
    The Search for an Image of Man.Tamás Demeter - 2010 - Studies in East European Thought 62 (2):155-167.
    The present paper offers a narrative of the post-World War II development of Hungarian philosophy, and argues that it is characterized by a double, historical and anthropological orientation under Marx’s influence. The resulting amalgam is an intellectual history that looks beyond the ideas themselves, searching for underlying images of man which are represented as ideological backgrounds to theories of nature, society, cognition, etc. The most important works of this approach interpret ideas and anthropologies within a Marxist framework, and see them (...)
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  20.  18
    A Touch of the Dramatic.Tamás Demeter - 2011 - In Josef Steiff (ed.), Sherlock Holmes and Philosophy. Open Court.
  21. Where Rationality Is.Tamás Demeter - 2009 - In Barbara Merker (ed.), Verstehen: Nach Heidegger und Brandom. Meiner.
    The paper contrasts Robert Brandom’s account of rationality with that of Daniel Dennett. It argues that neither of them is tenable, and sketches an alternative outlook that avoids the problems. In spite of their fundamental differences, both Brandom and Dennett employ a robust, i.e. explanatory and predictive notion of rationality, and for different reasons they both fail to offer a plausible theory supporting it. The lesson offered here is that rationality should not be treated alongside other norms prescribing behaviour, as (...)
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  22.  33
    A Metaphysics for Explanatory Ecumenism.Tamás Demeter - 2003 - Philosophica 71:99-115.
  23.  36
    Agency, Ethics and Politics in Aurel Kolnai’s Philosophy: Francis Dunlop and Zoltán Balázs , Exploring the World of Human Practice: Readings in and About the Philosophy of Aurel Kolnai, CEU Press, Budapest – New York, 2004. [REVIEW]Tamás Demeter - 2008 - Studies in East European Thought 60 (1-2):173-175.
  24. David Bloor: Wittgenstein, Rules and Institutions. [REVIEW]Tamas Demeter - 1999 - Philosophischer Literaturanzeiger 52 (3).
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  25.  8
    Daniel Garber , Leibniz: Body, Substance, Monad . Reviewed By.Tamás Demeter - 2012 - Philosophy in Review 32 (6):465-467.
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  26. David Hume and the Culture of Scottish Newtonianism.Tamas Demeter - 2016 - Brill.
  27.  5
    David Landy. Hume’s Science of Human Nature: Scientific Realism, Reason, and Substantial Explanation. London: Routledge, 2018. Pp. Xi+266. £120.00 . ISBN 978-1-138-50313-7. [REVIEW]Tamás Demeter & Krisztián Pete - 2019 - Hopos: The Journal of the International Society for the History of Philosophy of Science 9 (2):415-419.
  28.  6
    Epistemic ideals: Robert Pasnau: After certainty. A history of our epistemic ideals and illusions. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2017, 384 pp, £58.00 HB.Tamás Demeter - 2020 - Metascience 29 (2):201-203.
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  29. Essays on Wittgenstein and Austrian Philosophy—In Honour of J. C. Nyíri.Tamás Demeter - 2008 - Studies in East European Thought 60 (1-2):159-163.
     
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  30.  4
    Fodor’s guide to the Humean mind.Tamás Demeter - forthcoming - Synthese:1-21.
    For Jerry Fodor, Hume’s Treatise of Human Nature is “the foundational document of cognitive science” whose significance transcends mere historical interest: it is a source of theoretical inspiration in cognitive psychology. Here I am going to argue that those reading Hume along Fodor’s lines rely on a problematic, albeit inspiring, construction of Hume’s science of mind. My strategy in this paper is to contrast Fodor’s understanding of the Humean mind with an alternative understanding that I propose. I thereby intend to (...)
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  31. Frank Jackson: From Metaphysics to Ethics: Defence of Conceptual Analysis. [REVIEW]Tamas Demeter - 2001 - Philosophischer Literaturanzeiger 54 (2).
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  32. Hume: Nature.Tamas Demeter - 2011 - Philosophical Forum 42 (3):306-306.
  33.  14
    Introduction.Tamás Demeter - 2012 - Studies in East European Thought 64 (1-2):1-4.
    In this paper I reconstruct the central concept of the young Lukács’s and Mannheim’s sociology of knowledge, as they present it in their writings in the early decades of the twentieth century. I argue that this concept, namely Weltanschauung, is used to refer to some conceptually unstructured totality of feelings, which they take to be a condition of possibility of intellectual production, and this understanding is contrasted to an alternative construal of the term that presents it as logically structured, quasi-theoretical (...)
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  34.  13
    Introduction – Between Physiology and Ethics: The ‘Science of Man’ as a Middle-Range Discipline.Tamás Demeter - 2017 - Early Science and Medicine 22 (2-3):125-129.
  35. In Defence of Empty Realism.Tamás Demeter - 2010 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 41 (1):195-197.
    This piece defends the distinction I have drawn in my "Two Kinds of Mental Realism" against criticism put forward in János Tőzsér's "Mental Realism Reloaded".
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  36. József Balogh.Tamás Demeter - forthcoming - In Karla Pollman (ed.), Oxford Guide to the Historical Reception of Augustine. Oxford University Press.
  37.  16
    John H. Zammito. The Gestation of German Biology: Philosophy and Physiology From Stahl to Schelling. 523 Pp., Notes, Index. Chicago/London: University of Chicago Press, 2017. $45 . ISBN 9780226520797. [REVIEW]Tamás Demeter & Gábor Áron Zemplén - 2019 - Isis 110 (2):413-414.
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  38.  13
    John P. Wright, Hume’s Treatise of Human Nature: An Introduction.Tamás Demeter - 2010 - Philosophy in Review 30 (6):464-466.
  39. Katalin Neumer: Die Relativität der Grenzen. Studien zur Philosophie Wittgensteins. [REVIEW]Tamas Demeter - 2001 - Philosophischer Literaturanzeiger 54 (3).
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  40. Mental Fictionalism: Philosophical Explorations.Tamas Demeter, T. Parent & Adam Toon - manuscript
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  41.  20
    Newton for Philosophers: Andrew Janiak and Eric Schliesser : Interpreting Newton: Critical Essays. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2012, 439pp, £70.00/$120.00 HB, £27.99/$49.99 Pb.Tamás Demeter - 2014 - Metascience 23 (2):249-253.
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  42.  28
    Nyíri, J.C., Tradition and Individuality: Philosophical Essays, “Synthese Library”; Nyíri, Kristóf, A Hagyomány Filozófiája (The Philosophy of Tradition); Neumer, Katalin, Gondolkodás, Beszéd, Írás (Thought, Language, and Writing). [REVIEW]Tamás Demeter - 1999 - Studies in East European Thought 51 (4):329-340.
  43.  12
    On Smith's Method.Tamás Demeter - 2018 - Journal of Scottish Philosophy 16 (3):245-248.
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  44.  41
    Review: Beyond Wittgenstein. [REVIEW]Tamás Demeter - 1999 - Studies in East European Thought 51 (4):329 - 340.
  45.  7
    Rachel Cohon, Hume's Morality: Feeling and Fabrication. [REVIEW]Tamás Demeter - 2010 - Philosophy in Review 30 (2):83-86.
  46.  35
    Relativism for Philosophers and Sociologists: Richard Schantz and Markus Seidel : The Problem of Relativism in the Sociology of Knowledge. Frankfurt: Ontos, 2011, 235pp, €89.00 HB.Tamás Demeter - 2013 - Metascience 22 (2):475-479.
    Review of Schantz, R./Seidel, M. (eds.): The Problem of Relativism in the Sociology of (Scientific) Knowledge, Frankfurt (Main): ontos.
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  47.  97
    Supervenient Causation and Programme Explanation.Tamas Demeter - 2002 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 64 (1):83-93.
    Frank Jackson, Philip Pettit, and Jaegwon Kim put forward two models of higher-level causal explanation. Advocates of both versions are inclined to draw the conclusion that the models don't differ substantially. I argue, on the contrary, that there are relevant metaphysical differences between Jackson and Pettit's notion of programme explanation on the one hand, and Kim's idea of supervenient causation on the other. These can be traced back to underlying differences between the contents of their physicalisms.
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  48. Stephen Mumford: Dispositions. [REVIEW]Tamas Demeter - 2001 - Philosophischer Literaturanzeiger 54 (2).
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  49.  17
    Three Genres of Sociology of Knowledge and Their Marxist Origins.Tamás Demeter - 2015 - Studies in East European Thought 67 (1-2):1-11.
    In the present paper I sketch three genres of sociology of knowledge and trace their roots to Marx and Marxist literature while reconstructing two causal and one hermeneutic strand in this context. While so doing the main focus is set on György Lukács and György Márkus and their interpretation of Marx’s contribution to sociologically minded theories of knowledge. As a conclusion I point out that Marx-inspired sociologies of knowledge are more sensitive to the relation of larger-scale social and historical processes (...)
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  50.  14
    The Science in Hume's Science of Man.Tamás Demeter - 2020 - Journal of Scottish Philosophy 18 (3):257-271.
    This paper sketches a recently emerging divide between two interpretations of Hume's methodology and philosophy of science. On the first interpretation Hume relies on an inductive methodology and provides a dynamic theory of the mind, and his philosophy of science reflects this methodology. On the second, Hume relies on inferences to the best explanation via comparative analysis of instances, and offers an anatomy of the mind relying on a chemical and organic imagery. The paper also aspires to lean the reader's (...)
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