Results for 'Tammy Harel Ben-Shahar'

999 found
Order:
  1.  28
    Positional Goods and the Size of Inequality.Tammy Harel Ben Shahar - 2018 - Journal of Political Philosophy 26 (1):103-120.
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  2.  56
    Equality in Education – Why We Must Go All the Way.Tammy Harel Ben-Shahar - 2016 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 19 (1):83-100.
    In this paper I present and defend a highly demanding principle of justice in education that has not been seriously discussed thus far. According to the suggested approach, “all the way equality”, justice in education requires nothing short of equal educational outcome between all individual students. This means not merely between equally able children, or between children from different groups and classes, but rather between all children, regardless of social background, race, sex and ability. This approach may seem implausible at (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  3.  40
    Distributive Justice in Education and Conflicting Interests: Not (Remotely) as Bad as You Think.Tammy Harel Ben-Shahar - 2015 - Journal of Philosophy of Education 49 (4):491-509.
    The importance of education and its profound effect on people's life make it a central issue in discussions of distributive justice. However, promoting distributive justice in education comes at a price: prioritising the education of some, as is often entailed by the principles of justice, inevitably has negative effects on the education of others. As a result, all theories of distributive justice in education face the challenge of balancing their requirements with conflicting interests. This article aims to contribute to developing (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  4. Boilerplate: The Foundation of Market Contracts.Omri Ben-Shahar (ed.) - 2007 - Cambridge University Press.
    Boilerplate, the fine print of standard contracts, is more prevalent than ever in commercial trade and in electronic commerce. But what is in it, beyond legal technicalities? Why is it so hard to read and why is it often so one-sided? Who writes it, who reads it, and what effect does it have? The studies in this volume question whether boilerplate is true contract. Does it resemble a statute? Is it a species of property? Should we think of it as (...)
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  5.  8
    Elephant Density and Impact on Kalahari Woodland Habitats.Raphael Ben-Shahar - 1998 - Transactions of the Royal Society of South Africa 53 (2):149-155.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  6.  14
    Misleading One Detail: A Preventable Mode of Diagnostic Error?Shahar Arzy, Mayer Brezis, Salim Khoury, Steven R. Simon & Tamir Ben-Hur - 2009 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 15 (5):804-806.
  7.  29
    I Think Therefore I Am: Rest-Related Prefrontal Cortex Neural Activity is Involved in Generating the Sense of Self.M. Gruberger, Y. Levkovitz, T. Hendler, E. V. Harel, H. Harari, E. Ben Simon, H. Sharon & A. Zangen - 2015 - Consciousness and Cognition 33:414-421.
  8. Halakhah U-Fesiḳat Halakhah Be-ʻolam Mishtaneh: ʻiyun Ben-Teḥumi Bi-Fesiḳotaṿ Shel Ha-Rav Mosheh Fainshṭain.Harel Gordin - 2007
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  9.  47
    Why Only the State May Inflict Criminal Sanctions: The Case Against Privately Inflicted Sanctions: Alon Harel.Alon Harel - 2008 - Legal Theory 14 (2):113-133.
    Criminal sanctions are typically inflicted by the state. The central role of the state in determining the severity of these sanctions and inflicting them requires justification. One justification for state-inflicted sanctions is simply that the state is more likely than other agents to determine accurately what a wrongdoer justly deserves and to inflict a just sanction on those who deserve it. Hence, in principle, the state could be replaced by other agents, for example, private individuals. This hypothesis has given rise (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  10.  12
    Centralized Funding and Epistemic Exploration.Shahar Avin - 2019 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 70 (3):629-656.
    Computer simulation of an epistemic landscape model, modified to include explicit representation of a centralized funding body, show the method of funding allocation has significant effects on communal trade-off between exploration and exploitation, with consequences for the community’s ability to generate significant truths. The results show this effect is contextual, and depends on the size of the landscape being explored, with funding that includes explicit random allocation performing significantly better than peer review on large landscapes. The article proposes a way (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   9 citations  
  11.  22
    Centralized Funding and Epistemic Exploration.Shahar Avin - 2017 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science:axx059.
    Computer simulation of an epistemic landscape model, modified to include explicit representation of a centralized funding body, show the method of funding allocation has significant effects on communal trade-off between exploration and exploitation, with consequences for the community’s ability to generate significant truths. The results show this effect is contextual, and depends on the size of the landscape being explored, with funding that includes explicit random allocation performing significantly better than peer-review on large landscapes. The paper proposes a way of (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   15 citations  
  12.  8
    Policy Considerations for Random Allocation of Research Funds.Shahar Avin - unknown
    There are now several proposals for introducing random elements into the process of funding allocation for research, and some initial implementation of this policy by funding bodies. The proposals have been supported on efficiency grounds, with models, including social epistemology models, showing random allocation could increase the generation of significant truths in a community of scientists when compared to funding by peer review. The models in the literature are, however, fairly abstract. This paper introduces some of the considerations that are (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   7 citations  
  13.  10
    Self-Agency and Self-Ownership in Cognitive Mapping.Shahar Arzy & Daniel L. Schacter - 2019 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 23 (6):476-487.
  14.  35
    J. S. Mill's Conception of Utility: Ben Saunders.Ben Saunders - 2010 - Utilitas 22 (1):52-69.
    Mill's most famous departure from Bentham is his distinction between higher and lower pleasures. This article argues that quality and quantity are independent and irreducible properties of pleasures that may be traded off against each other – as in the case of quality and quantity of wine. I argue that Mill is not committed to thinking that there are two distinct kinds of pleasure, or that ‘higher pleasures’ lexically dominate lower ones, and that the distinction is compatible with hedonism. I (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  15.  20
    Mavericks and Lotteries.Shahar Avin - 2019 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 76:13-23.
    In 2013 the Health Research Council of New Zealand began a stream of funding titled 'Explorer Grants', and in 2017 changes were introduced to the funding mechanisms of the Volkswagen Foundation 'Experiment!' and the New Zealand Science for Technological Innovation challenge 'Seed Projects'. All three funding streams aim at encouraging novel scientific ideas, and all now employ random selection by lottery as part of the grant selection process. The idea of funding science by lottery has emerged independently in several corners (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  16.  40
    A Popperian Perspective of the Term 'Evidence‐Based Medicine'.Eyal Shahar - 1997 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 3 (2):109-116.
  17.  58
    The Mental Time Line: An Analogue of the Mental Number Line in the Mapping of Life Events.Shahar Arzy, Esther Adi-Japha & Olaf Blanke - 2009 - Consciousness and Cognition 18 (3):781-785.
    A crucial aspect of the human mind is the ability to project the self along the time line to past and future. It has been argued that such self-projection is essential to re-experience past experiences and predict future events. In-depth analysis of a novel paradigm investigating mental time shows that the speed of this “self-projection” in time depends logarithmically on the temporal-distance between an imagined “location” on the time line that participants were asked to imagine and the location of another (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   9 citations  
  18.  10
    Dynamic Logic.Lenore D. Zuck & David Harel - 1989 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 54 (4):1480.
  19.  64
    Rejecting Eco-Authoritarianism, Again.Dan Coby Shahar - 2015 - Environmental Values 24 (3):345-366.
    Ecologically-motivated authoritarianism flourished initially during the 1970s but largely disappeared after the decline of socialism in the late-1980s. Today, 'eco- authoritarianism ' is beginning to reassert itself, this time modelled not after the Soviet Union but modern-day China. The new eco-authoritarians denounce central planning but still suggest that governments should be granted powers that free them from subordination to citizens' rights or democratic procedures. I argue that current eco-authoritarian views do not present us with an attractive alternative to market liberal (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  20.  15
    Why Law Matters.Alon Harel - 2014 - Oxford University Press.
    Why Law Matters argues that public institutions and legal procedures are valuable and matter as such, irrespective of their instrumental value. Examining the value of rights, public institutions, and constitutional review, the book criticises instrumentalist approaches in political theory, claiming they fail to account for their enduring appeal.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  21.  9
    Prioritizing Morality in the Self and Consistent Moral Responses Despite Encouragement to Behave Immorally.Tammy L. Sonnentag, Jessica L. McManus, Taylor W. Wadian & Donald A. Saucier - 2019 - Journal of Moral Education 48 (4):412-422.
    ABSTRACTWhen morality is important and central to individuals’ identities, it may heighten their sense of responsibility to behave in moral ways. Although research has linked moral identity to various moral actions, research has yet to demonstrate the association between moral identity and individuals’ consistent moral choices, despite situational sanctions to behave immorally. The purpose of this study was to examine if prioritizing morality in the self is associated with individuals’ consistent moral responses in four situations encouraging the expression of immoral (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  22.  4
    The Role of Visual Awareness in Processing of Global Structure: Evidence From the Perceptual Organization of Hierarchical Patterns.Shahar Sabary, Dina Devyatko & Ruth Kimchi - 2020 - Cognition 205:104442.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  23.  29
    What Does Scalar Timing Tell Us About Neural Dynamics?Harel Z. Shouval, Marshall G. Hussain Shuler, Animesh Agarwal & Jeffrey P. Gavornik - 2014 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 8.
  24.  28
    Computers Ltd: What They Really Can't Do.David Harel - 2003 - Oxford University Press.
    In Computers Ltd, David Harel, best-selling author of Algorithmics, explains and illustrates one of the most fundamental, yet under-exposed facets of computers - their inherent limitations. Looking at the bad news that is proven, lasting, and robust, discussing limitations that no amounts of hardware, software, talents, or resources can overcome, the book presents a disturbing and provocative view of computing at the start of the 21st century.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  25.  8
    On Morality and Logic in Medical Practice: Commentary on 'A Critical Appraisal of Evidence‐Based Medicine: Some Ethical Considerations' (Gupta 2003; Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 9, 111–121). [REVIEW]Eyal Shahar - 2003 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 9 (2):133-135.
  26. Justice and Climate Change: Toward a Libertarian Analysis.Dan C. Shahar - 2009 - The Independent Review 14 (2):219-237.
    Global climate change is one of the most widely discussed problems of our time. However, many libertarian thinkers have not participated in the ethical dimensions of this discussion due to a narrow focus on the scientific basis for concern about climate change. In this paper, I reject this approach and explore the kind of response libertarians should be offering instead. I frame the climate change problem as one which concerns potential rights-infringements and explore different ways in which climate change might (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  27.  20
    Estimating Causal Parameters Without Target Populations.Eyal Shahar - 2007 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 13 (5):814-816.
  28.  20
    On the Causal Structure of Information Bias and Confounding Bias in Randomized Trials.Eyal Shahar & Doron J. Shahar - 2009 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 15 (6):1214-1216.
  29.  12
    Determinants of Judgment and Decision Making Quality: The Interplay Between Information Processing Style and Situational Factors.Shahar Ayal, Zohar Rusou, Dan Zakay & Guy Hochman - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
  30.  38
    Framing and Organizational Misconduct: A Symbolic Interactionist Study.Tammy L. MacLean - 2008 - Journal of Business Ethics 78 (1-2):3-16.
    This study expands theoretical understanding of organizational misconduct through qualitative analysis of widespread deceptive sales practices at a large U.S. life insurance company. Adopting a symbolic interactionist perspective, this research describes how a set of taken-for-granted interpretive frames located in the organization’s culture created a worldview through which deceptive sales practices were seen as normal, acceptable, routine operating procedure. The findings from this study extend and modify the dominant theoretical ‘pressure/opportunity’ model of organizational misconduct by proposing that the process engine (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   10 citations  
  31.  10
    Role of Moral Identity and Moral Courage Characteristics in Adolescents’ Tendencies to Be a Moral Rebel.Tammy L. Sonnentag & Mark A. Barnett - 2016 - Ethics and Behavior 26 (4):277-299.
    Extending prior research on the characteristics potentially associated with adolescents’ tendencies to be a moral rebel, the present study found that adolescents themselves, their peers, and their teachers agreed on adolescents’ tendencies to possess a moral identity, possess moral courage characteristics, and be a moral rebel. Although moral identity did not consistently predict the tendency to be a moral rebel, all indices of the adolescents’ moral courage characteristics positively predicted the tendency to be a moral rebel.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  32.  3
    Separability of Lexical and Morphological Knowledge: Evidence From Language Minority Children.Daphna Shahar-Yames, Zohar Eviatar & Anat Prior - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  33.  14
    Emotional Experience in the Mornings and the Evenings: Consideration of Age Differences in Specific Emotions by Time of Day.Tammy English & Laura L. Carstensen - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  34.  12
    Selective Influence of Working Memory Load on Exceptionally Slow Reaction Times.Nitzan Shahar, Andrei R. Teodorescu, Marius Usher, Maayan Pereg & Nachshon Meiran - 2014 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 143 (5):1837-1860.
  35.  7
    Changing the Engineering Student Culture with Respect to Academic Integrity and Ethics.Tammy VanDeGrift, Heather Dillon & Loreal Camp - 2017 - Science and Engineering Ethics 23 (4):1159-1182.
    Engineers create airplanes, buildings, medical devices, and software, amongst many other things. Engineers abide by a professional code of ethics to uphold people’s safety and the reputation of the profession. Likewise, students abide by a code of academic integrity while learning the knowledge and necessary skills to prepare them for the engineering and computing professions. This paper reports on studies designed to improve the engineering student culture with respect to academic integrity and ethics. To understand the existing culture at a (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  36.  20
    Speaking With Ones Self: Autoscopic Phenomena in Writings From the Ecstatic Kabbalah.Shahar Arzy - 2005 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 12 (11):4-29.
    Immediate experience localizes the self within the limits of the physical body. This spatial unity has been challenged by philosophical and mystical traditions aimed to isolate concepts of mind and body. A more direct challenge of the spatial unity comes from a well-defined group of experiences called 'autoscopic phenomena' , in which the subject has the impression of seeing a second own body in an extrapersonal space. AP are known to occur in many human cultures and have been described in (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  37.  43
    Deliberative Adjustments of Intuitive Anchors: The Case of Diversification Behavior.Shahar Ayal, Dan Zakay & Guy Hochman - 2012 - Synthese 189 (S1):131-145.
    As part of the rationality debate, we examine the impact of deliberative and intuitive thinking styles on diversity preference behavior. A sample of 230 students completed the Rational Experiential Inventory and the Diversity Preference Questionnaire, an original measure of diversification behavior in different real-life situations. In cases where no normative solution was available, we found a clear preference for diversity-seeking in the gain domain and diversity-aversion in the loss domain, regardless of cognitive thinking style. However, in cases where one alternative (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  38.  36
    Treading Lightly on the Climate in a Problem-Ridden World.Dan C. Shahar - 2016 - Ethics, Policy and Environment 19 (2):183-195.
    Personal carbon footprints have become a subject of major concern among those who worry about global climate change. Conventional wisdom holds that individuals have a duty to reduce their impacts on the climate system by restricting their carbon footprints. However, I defend a new argument for thinking that this conventional wisdom is mistaken. Individuals, I argue, have a duty to take actions to combat the world’s problems. But since climate change is only one of a nearly endless list of such (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  39.  19
    Marginal Structural Models: Much Ado About (Almost) Nothing.Eyal Shahar & Doron J. Shahar - 2013 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 19 (1):214-222.
  40.  16
    Causal Diagrams for Encoding and Evaluation of Information Bias.Eyal Shahar - 2009 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 15 (3):436-440.
  41.  23
    Commentary: Interpreting the Interpretation.Eyal Shahar - 2007 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 13 (4):693-694.
  42.  16
    Characteristics Associated With Individuals’ Caring, Just, and Brave Expressions of the Tendency to Be a Moral Rebel.Tammy L. Sonnentag, Taylor W. Wadian, Mark A. Barnett, Matthew R. Gretz & Sarah M. Bailey - 2018 - Ethics and Behavior 28 (5):411-428.
    Extending previous research on the characteristics associated with adolescents’ general tendency to be a moral rebel, the present study examined the roles of moral identity and moral courage characteristics on 3 expressions of the tendency to stand up for one’s beliefs and values despite social pressure not to do so. Results revealed that general and situation-specific moral courage characteristics are important motivators of individuals’ caring, just, and brave expressions of the tendency to be a moral rebel, especially when they possess (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  43.  22
    Ethics and Performance: A Simulation Analysis of Team Decision Making. [REVIEW]Tammy G. Hunt & Daniel F. Jennings - 1997 - Journal of Business Ethics 16 (2):195-203.
    The interrelationships among a number of variables and their effect on ethical decision making was explored. Teams of students and managers participated in a competitive management simulation. Based on prior research, the effects of performance, environmental change, team age, and type of team on the level of ethical behavior were hypothesized. The findings indicate that multiple variables may interact in such a fashion that significance is lost.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   13 citations  
  44.  99
    Does Participation Matter? An Inconsistency in Parfit's Moral Mathematics: Ben Eggleston.Ben Eggleston - 2003 - Utilitas 15 (1):92-105.
    Consequentialists typically think that the moral quality of one's conduct depends on the difference one makes. But consequentialists may also think that even if one is not making a difference, the moral quality of one's conduct can still be affected by whether one is participating in an endeavour that does make a difference. Derek Parfit discusses this issue – the moral significance of what I call ‘participation’ – in the chapter of Reasons and Persons that he devotes to what he (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  45.  20
    Generalizability: Beyond Plausibility and Handwaving.Eyal Shahar Md Mph - 2003 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 9 (2):151-159.
  46.  10
    An Exploration of Moral Rebelliousness with Adolescents and Young Adults.Tammy L. Sonnentag & Mark A. Barnett - 2015 - Ethics and Behavior:150527093230007.
  47.  32
    Does Anyone Know the Road From a Randomized Trial to Personalized Medicine? A Review of ‘Treating Individuals. From Randomized Trials to Personalised Medicine’Peter M. Rothwell.Eyal Shahar - 2008 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 14 (5):726-731.
  48.  35
    Method Pluralism, Method Mismatch, & Method Bias.Adrian Currie & Shahar Avin - 2019 - Philosophers' Imprint 19.
    Pluralism about scientific method is more-or-less accepted, but the consequences have yet to be drawn out. Scientists adopt different methods in response to different epistemic situations: depending on the system they are interested in, the resources at their disposal, and so forth. If it is right that different methods are appropriate in different situations, then mismatches between methods and situations are possible. This is most likely to occur due to method bias: when we prefer a particular kind of method, despite (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  49.  20
    The Duty to Criminalize*: To Be Tortured Would Be Terrible; but to Be Tortured and Also to Be Someone It Was Not Wrong to Torture Would Be Even Worse†.Alon Harel - 2015 - Law and Philosophy 34 (1):1-22.
    The state has a duty to protect individuals from violations of their basic rights to life and liberty. But does the state have a duty to criminalize such violations? Further, if there is a duty on the part of the state to criminalize violations, should the duty be constitutionally entrenched? This paper argues that the answer to both questions is positive. The state has a duty not merely to effectively prevent violations of our rights to life and liberty, but also (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  50.  19
    Alon Harel on How to Deliberate Permissibly.Adam Slavny - 2017 - Criminal Law and Philosophy 11 (4):833-846.
    Alon Harel defines extreme cases as those in which the only way to avert a destructive threat is to harm innocent people. He rejects traditional consequentialist and non-consequentialist approaches because of the type of reasoning they both employ. I interpret Harel as making two central objections to this form of reasoning. First, traditional approaches require comparisons to be made about the value of human life. Second, decisions in extreme cases, even if permissible, should not be made under the (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
1 — 50 / 999