Results for 'Tammy Schellens'

103 found
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  1.  30
    From Ends to Causes (and Back Again) by Metaphor: The Paradox of Natural Selection.Stefaan Blancke, Tammy Schellens, Ronald Soetaert, Hilde Van Keer & Johan Braeckman - 2014 - Science & Education 23 (4):793-808.
  2.  15
    Redelijke argumenten: een onderzoek naar normen voor kritische lezers.Peter Jan Schellens - 1985 - Cinnaminson, U.S.A.: Foris Publications.
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  3.  52
    Argumentation Schemes in Persuasive Brochures.Peter Jan Schellens & Menno de Jong - 2004 - Argumentation 18 (3):295-323.
    Many public information documents attempt to persuade the recipients that they should engage in or refrain from specific behaviour. This is based on the assumption that the recipient will decide about his or her behaviour on the basis of the information given and a rational evaluation of the pros and cons. An analysis of 20 public information brochures shows that the argumentation in persuasive brochures is often not marked as such. Argumentation is presented as factual information, and in many instances (...)
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  4.  25
    Laypeople’s Evaluation of Arguments: Are Criteria for Argument Quality Scheme-Specific?Peter Jan Schellens, Ester Šorm, Rian Timmers & Hans Hoeken - 2017 - Argumentation 31 (4):681-703.
    Can argumentation schemes play a part in the critical processing of argumentation by lay people? In a qualitative study, participants were invited to come up with strong and weak arguments for a given claim and were subsequently interviewed for why they thought the strong argument was stronger than the weak one. Next, they were presented with a list of arguments and asked to rank these arguments from strongest to weakest, upon which they were asked to motivate their judgments in an (...)
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  5.  32
    Changing the Engineering Student Culture with Respect to Academic Integrity and Ethics.Tammy VanDeGrift, Heather Dillon & Loreal Camp - 2017 - Science and Engineering Ethics 23 (4):1159-1182.
    Engineers create airplanes, buildings, medical devices, and software, amongst many other things. Engineers abide by a professional code of ethics to uphold people’s safety and the reputation of the profession. Likewise, students abide by a code of academic integrity while learning the knowledge and necessary skills to prepare them for the engineering and computing professions. This paper reports on studies designed to improve the engineering student culture with respect to academic integrity and ethics. To understand the existing culture at a (...)
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  6.  59
    Corporate citizenship perspectives and foreign direct investment in the U.S.Tammie S. Pinkston & Archie B. Carroll - 1994 - Journal of Business Ethics 13 (3):157-169.
    As foreign direct investment in the U.S. continues to become both more visible and controversial, the general public remains skeptical about the corporate citizenship of these foreign affiliates. Four dimensions of corporate citizenship — orientations, organizational stakeholders, issues, and decision-making autonomy — were used to compare the inclinations of foreign affiliates with the domestic firms operating in the U.S. chemical industry. The only significant differences between the U.S. sample and those firms headquartered in other countries-of-origin were found in the area (...)
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  7.  22
    Role of Moral Identity and Moral Courage Characteristics in Adolescents’ Tendencies to Be a Moral Rebel.Tammy L. Sonnentag & Mark A. Barnett - 2016 - Ethics and Behavior 26 (4):277-299.
    Extending prior research on the characteristics potentially associated with adolescents’ tendencies to be a moral rebel, the present study found that adolescents themselves, their peers, and their teachers agreed on adolescents’ tendencies to possess a moral identity, possess moral courage characteristics, and be a moral rebel. Although moral identity did not consistently predict the tendency to be a moral rebel, all indices of the adolescents’ moral courage characteristics positively predicted the tendency to be a moral rebel.
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  8. Manfred Kienpointner, Alltagslogik. Struktur und Funktion von Argumentationsmustern.P. Jan Schellens - 1996 - Argumentation 10:311-317.
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  9.  26
    Emotional experience in the mornings and the evenings: consideration of age differences in specific emotions by time of day.Tammy English & Laura L. Carstensen - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5.
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  10.  51
    Framing and Organizational Misconduct: A Symbolic Interactionist Study.Tammy L. MacLean - 2008 - Journal of Business Ethics 78 (1-2):3-16.
    This study expands theoretical understanding of organizational misconduct through qualitative analysis of widespread deceptive sales practices at a large U.S. life insurance company. Adopting a symbolic interactionist perspective, this research describes how a set of taken-for-granted interpretive frames located in the organization’s culture created a worldview through which deceptive sales practices were seen as normal, acceptable, routine operating procedure. The findings from this study extend and modify the dominant theoretical ‘pressure/opportunity’ model of organizational misconduct by proposing that the process engine (...)
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  11.  26
    Let us Never Speak of It?, on Edward S. Small Direct Theory: Experimental Film/Video as Major Genre.Tammy A. Kinsey - 2003 - Film-Philosophy 7 (7).
    Edward S. Small _Direct Theory: Experimental Film/Video as Major Genre_ Carbondale and Edwardsville: Southern Illinois University Press, 1994 ISBN 0-8093-1920-9 122 pp.
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  12. Corazon Santos de la Paz-Bernardo: A Debt of Gratitude.Tammy H. Lipana & Ester Santos Bitanga - 2010 - Budhi: A Journal of Ideas and Culture 14 (2 & 3):131-138.
     
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  13.  25
    Reframing Organizational Misconduct A Study of Deceptive Sales Practices at a Major Life Insurance Company.Tammy MacLean - 2002 - Business and Society 41 (2):242-250.
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  14.  16
    European corporate citizenship in the USA: An enquiry.Tammie S. Pinkston - 1994 - Business Ethics, the Environment and Responsibility 3 (2):101–108.
    European direct investment in the USA raises many local concerns. Are these concerns justified, or alleviated, by the way in which different European companies exercise corporate citizenship in the host country? The author is Assistant Professor of Strategic Management at the College of Business Administration, University of Oklahoma, 307 West Brooks, Norman, Oklahoma 73019‐0450, USA.
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  15. Judges.Tammi J. Schneider - 2000
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  16.  5
    Mothers of Promise: Women in the Book of Genesis.Tammi J. Schneider - 2008 - Baker Academic.
    A prominent scholar of the Hebrew Bible offers a close reading of the women in Genesis to discover their roles in shaping ancient Israel.
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  17. Sarah: Mother of Nations.Tammi J. Schneider - 2004
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  18.  29
    Ethics and performance: A simulation analysis of team decision making. [REVIEW]Tammy G. Hunt & Daniel F. Jennings - 1997 - Journal of Business Ethics 16 (2):195-203.
    The interrelationships among a number of variables and their effect on ethical decision making was explored. Teams of students and managers participated in a competitive management simulation. Based on prior research, the effects of performance, environmental change, team age, and type of team on the level of ethical behavior were hypothesized. The findings indicate that multiple variables may interact in such a fashion that significance is lost.
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  19.  33
    Characteristics Associated With Individuals’ Caring, Just, and Brave Expressions of the Tendency to Be a Moral Rebel.Tammy L. Sonnentag, Taylor W. Wadian, Mark A. Barnett, Matthew R. Gretz & Sarah M. Bailey - 2018 - Ethics and Behavior 28 (5):411-428.
    Extending previous research on the characteristics associated with adolescents’ general tendency to be a moral rebel, the present study examined the roles of moral identity and moral courage characteristics on 3 expressions of the tendency to stand up for one’s beliefs and values despite social pressure not to do so. Results revealed that general and situation-specific moral courage characteristics are important motivators of individuals’ caring, just, and brave expressions of the tendency to be a moral rebel, especially when they possess (...)
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  20. A retrospective examination of CSR orientations: Have they changed? [REVIEW]Tammie S. Pinkston & Archie B. Carroll - 1996 - Journal of Business Ethics 15 (2):199 - 206.
    This study has been designed to investigate whether Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) orientations have shifted in their priority in response to society's changing expectations. For this sample of U.S.-based multinational chemical subsidiaries, it appears that the top priority continues to be economic responsibilities, followed closely by legal responsibilities. A socially accountable corporation ... must be a thoughtful institution, able to rise above economic interest to anticipate the impact of its actions on all individuals and groups, from shareholders to employees to (...)
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  21.  39
    An Exploration of Moral Rebelliousness with Adolescents and Young Adults.Tammy L. Sonnentag & Mark A. Barnett - 2013 - Ethics and Behavior 23 (3):214-236.
    The present pair of studies investigated the assessment, correlates, and evaluation of ?moral rebels? who follow their own moral convictions despite social pressure to comply. In Study 1, self, peer, and teacher ratings of adolescents' tendencies to be a moral rebel were positively intercorrelated. In Study 2, young adults' tendencies to be a moral rebel were associated with relatively high self-esteem scores and relatively low willingness to engage in minor moral violations and need to belong scores. Both adolescents and young (...)
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  22.  48
    Development and Preliminary Validation of a New Measure of Values in Scientific Work.Tammy English, Alison L. Antes, Kari A. Baldwin & James M. DuBois - 2018 - Science and Engineering Ethics 24 (2):393-418.
    In this paper we describe the development and initial psychometric evaluation of a new measure, the values in scientific work. This scale assesses the level of importance that investigators attach to different VSW. It taps a broad range of intrinsic, extrinsic, and social values that motivate the work of scientists, including values specific to scientific work and more classic work values in the context of science. Notably, the values represented in this scale are relevant to scientists regardless of their career (...)
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  23.  10
    The role of moral identity in the salience of the prescriptive and proscriptive systems of moral self-regulation.Tammy L. Sonnentag, Taylor W. Wadian & Margaret J. Wolfson - forthcoming - Ethics and Behavior.
    There are two fundamental self-regulatory systems for moral action reflecting an approach-oriented system promoting moral action (prescriptive morality) and an avoidance-oriented system restraining immoral action (proscriptive morality). Despite the presence of these systems, individuals may vary in the extent to which the systems regulate their moral responses. One factor that may heighten prescriptive and proscriptive moral self-regulation is individuals’ moral identity. Three studies examined if the systems of moral regulation are more salient among individuals with a strong internalized moral identity. (...)
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  24.  16
    An Exploration of Moral Rebelliousness with Adolescents and Young Adults.Tammy L. Sonnentag & Mark A. Barnett - 2015 - Ethics and Behavior:150527093230007.
  25.  31
    Does medical insurance type (private vs public) influence the physician's decision to perform Caesarean delivery?Tammy Z. Movsas, Eden Wells, Ann Mongoven & Violanda Grigorescu - 2012 - Journal of Medical Ethics 38 (8):470-473.
    Introduction US data reveal a Caesarean rate discrepancy between insured and uninsured patients, with the C-section rate highest among the privately insured. The data have prompted concern that financial incentives associated with insurance status might influence American physicians' decisions to perform Caesarean deliveries. Objective To determine whether differences in medical risk factors account for the apparent Caesarean rate discrepancy between Medicaid and privately insured patients in Michigan, USA. Method A retrospective review was performed of 617 269 live birth deliveries in (...)
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  26. Text, subtext, intertext, on applying taranovsky analytic method (with examples from finnish poetry).Pekka Tammi - 1991 - Semiotica 87 (3-4):315-347.
     
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  27.  63
    Positional Goods and the Size of Inequality.Tammy Harel Ben Shahar - 2017 - Journal of Political Philosophy 26 (1):103-120.
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  28.  9
    Identifying interpersonal stance in threatening discourse: An appraisal analysis.Tammy Gales - 2011 - Discourse Studies 13 (1):27-46.
    Ideologies about threatening language from scholarly and practitioner communities of practice reflect a genre replete with stances of violence and threatener control, wherein authorial intent is more strongly attributed to threats possessing characteristics that strengthen a threatener’s role in or commitment to the act. Using the resources of Appraisal analysis, this article examines the ways in which interpersonal stances, or a speaker or writer’s commitment to or attitudes about a person or proposition, are manifested and function in a realized threat (...)
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  29.  18
    Thick as thieves: A social embeddedness model of rule breaking in organizations.Tammy L. MacLean - 2001 - Business and Society 40 (2):167-196.
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  30.  15
    On experimental discourse in economics.Timo Tammi - 1999 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 29 (1):62-88.
    The devices with which experimental economists account for and justify their own and their opponents’ views are investigated by examining transcripts of interviews with two participants in experimental economics. The earlier investigations of natural scientists’ discourse provide material for comparisons. The results suggest that in assessing an opponent’s deviating view experimentalists in economics can be more cautious than natural scientists to characterize their opponents as influenced by personal and social factors. Indeed, they seem to admit that to some extent both (...)
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  31.  54
    Arguing about desirable consequences: What constitutes a convincing argument?Hans Hoeken, Rian Timmers & Peter Jan Schellens - 2012 - Thinking and Reasoning 18 (3):394 - 416.
    Argument quality has consistently been shown to have strong and lasting persuasive effects. The question is what criteria people use to distinguish strong from weak arguments and how these criteria relate to the ones proposed in normative argumentation theory. In an experiment 235 participants without training in argumentation theory rated the acceptance of 30 claims about the desirability of a consequence that were supported by either an argument from analogy, from authority, or from consequences. The supporting arguments were systematically manipulated (...)
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  32.  55
    Cavell and the endless mourning of skepticism.Tammy Clewell - 2004 - Angelaki 9 (3):75 – 87.
    “Despair and a sense of loss are not static conditions but goads to our continuous labor” (Senses 70). This is the way Stanley Cavell describes one of the fundamental lessons of skepticism, the fam...
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  33.  19
    Does this apply here?: Ethical considerations in transnational supervision settings.Tammy Schultz, Hana Yoo, Mandy Kellums Baraka & Terri Watson - 2021 - Ethics and Behavior 31 (4):270-283.
    ABSTRACT Most of the ethical decision making literature that guides mental health practice comes from the Western hemisphere. The well-meaning application of Western values in supervision can result in the intrusion of ethical standards that may not match the context and lacks sensitivity. In this qualitative study, researchers explored the supervisory experiences of 25 mental health professionals of 14 different nationalities, navigating complex ethical challenges in supervision practice in 17 countries. Using thematic analysis, several well-supported themes emerged. Recommendations for practice (...)
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  34.  9
    Introduction.Mihnea Dobre & Tammy Nyden - 2013 - In . Springer Verlag.
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  35.  42
    Where Is the Accountability in International Accountability Standards?: A Decoupling Perspective.Michael Behnam & Tammy L. MacLean - 2011 - Business Ethics Quarterly 21 (1):45-72.
    ABSTRACT:A common complaint by academics and practitioners is that the application of international accountability standards (IAS) does not lead to significant improvements in an organization’s social responsibility. When organizations espouse their commitment to IAS but do not put forth the effort necessary to operationally enact that commitment, a “credibility cover” is created that perpetuates business as usual. In other words, the legitimacy that organizations gain by formally adopting the standards may shield the organization from closer scrutiny, thus enabling rather than (...)
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  36.  37
    Cartesian Empiricisms.Mihnea Dobre & Tammy Nyden (eds.) - 2013 - Dordrecht: Springer Verlag.
    Mihnea Dobre, Tammy Nyden. to not only notice the “anomalies,” but able to develop more useful narratives that can fully incorporate them. This work is a first step towards that end. We do not put forward an alternative narrative ourselves, but ...
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  37.  40
    The Role of Culture and Acculturation in Researchers’ Perceptions of Rules in Science.Alison L. Antes, Tammy English, Kari A. Baldwin & James M. DuBois - 2018 - Science and Engineering Ethics 24 (2):361-391.
    Successfully navigating the norms of a society is a complex task that involves recognizing diverse kinds of rules as well as the relative weight attached to them. In the United States, different kinds of rules—federal statutes and regulations, scientific norms, and professional ideals—guide the work of researchers. Penalties for violating these different kinds of rules and norms can range from the displeasure of peers to criminal sanctions. We proposed that it would be more difficult for researchers working in the U.S. (...)
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  38.  34
    Arguing about the likelihood of consequences: Laypeople's criteria to distinguish strong arguments from weak ones.Hans Hoeken, Ester Šorm & Peter Jan Schellens - 2014 - Thinking and Reasoning 20 (1):77-98.
    High-quality arguments have strong and lasting persuasive effects, suggesting that people can distinguish high- from low-quality arguments. However, we know little of what norms people employ to make that distinction. Some studies have shown that, in evaluating arguments from consequences, people are more sensitive to differences with respect to the desirability of these consequences than to differences in the likelihood that these consequences will occur. This raises the question of whether people lack the criteria to distinguish high-quality from low-quality arguments (...)
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  39.  4
    Book review: Matthew S McGlone and Mark L Knapp (eds), The Interplay of Truth and Deception: New Agendas in Communication. [REVIEW]Tammy Gales - 2012 - Discourse and Communication 6 (3):349-351.
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  40.  8
    The Effect of Blurred Perceptual Training on the Decision Making of Skilled Football Referees.Tammie van Biemen, J. Koedijker, Peter G. Renden & David L. Mann - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  41. Janssen, JHG, De nieuwe code gedecodeerd.Gertrude Schellens - 2008 - Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 70 (1):185.
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  42. Moral stress, moral climate and moral sensitivity among psychiatric professionals.Kim Lützén, Tammy Blom, Béatrice Ewalds-Kvist & Sarah Winch - 2010 - Nursing Ethics 17 (2):213-224.
    The aim of the present study was to investigate the association between work-related moral stress, moral climate and moral sensitivity in mental health nursing. By means of the three scales Hospital Ethical Climate Survey, Moral Sensitivity Questionnaire and Work-Related Moral Stress, 49 participants’ experiences were assessed. The results of linear regression analysis indicated that moral stress was determined to a degree by the work place’s moral climate as well as by two aspects of the mental health staff’s moral sensitivity. The (...)
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  43.  19
    Basic Psychological Needs Satisfaction Mediates the Association between Self-Control Skills and Subjective Well-Being.Hod Orkibi & Tammie Ronen - 2017 - Frontiers in Psychology 8.
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  44.  18
    The effects of managerial values on social issues evaluation: An empirical examination.Mark P. Sharfman, Tammie S. Pinkston & Thomas D. Sigerstad - 2000 - Business and Society 39 (2):144-182.
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  45.  1
    Book Review: Club Cultures: Boundaries, Identities and Otherness. [REVIEW]Tammy L. Anderson - 2012 - Gender and Society 26 (2):332-334.
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  46.  9
    European Higher Education Expert Forum 24–25 January 2000, Brussels, Belgium. The Euro-pean Commission will organize in January 2000 a forum gathering rectors, deans, and various university authorities and organizations acting at the European. [REVIEW]Tammy Madsen - 1999 - Ethical Perspectives 6:3-4.
  47.  28
    What Explains Associations of Researchers’ Nation of Origin and Scores on a Measure of Professional Decision-Making? Exploring Key Variables and Interpretation of Scores.Alison L. Antes, Tammy English, Kari A. Baldwin & James M. DuBois - 2019 - Science and Engineering Ethics 25 (5):1499-1530.
    Researchers encounter challenges that require making complex professional decisions. Strategies such as seeking help and anticipating consequences support decision-making in these situations. Existing evidence on a measure of professional decision-making in research that assesses the use of decision-making strategies revealed that NIH-funded researchers born outside of the U.S. tended to score below their U.S. counterparts. To examine potential explanations for this association, this study recruited 101 researchers born in the United States and 102 born internationally to complete the PDR and (...)
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  48.  45
    Redefining Ability, Saving Educational Meritocracy.Tammy Harel Ben Shahar - 2023 - The Journal of Ethics 27 (3):263-283.
    The meritocratic principle of educational justice maintains that it is unfair that individuals with similar ability who invest equal effort, have unequal educational prospects. In this paper I argue that the conception of ability that meritocracy assumes, namely as an innate trait, is critically flawed. Absent a coherent conception of ability, meritocracy loses its ability to morally evaluate educational practices and policies, rendering it an unworkable principle of educational justice. Replacing innate ability with an alternative conception of ability is, therefore, (...)
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  49. Equality in Education – Why We Must Go All the Way.Tammy Harel Ben-Shahar - 2016 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 19 (1):83-100.
    In this paper I present and defend a highly demanding principle of justice in education that has not been seriously discussed thus far. According to the suggested approach, “all the way equality”, justice in education requires nothing short of equal educational outcome between all individual students. This means not merely between equally able children, or between children from different groups and classes, but rather between all children, regardless of social background, race, sex and ability. This approach may seem implausible at (...)
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  50. NEWTON-SMITH, W. H. "The Rationality of Science". [REVIEW]M. Tammy - 1984 - Mind 93:465.
     
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