Results for 'Tanya Maxted-Frost'

501 found
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  1. The Ethics of Food: A Reader for the Twenty-First Century.Ronald Bailey, Wendell Berry, Norman Borlaug, M. F. K. Fisher, Nichols Fox, Greenpeace International, Garrett Hardin, Mae-Wan Ho, Marc Lappe, Britt Bailey, Tanya Maxted-Frost, Henry I. Miller, Helen Norberg-Hodge, Stuart Patton, C. Ford Runge, Benjamin Senauer, Vandana Shiva, Peter Singer, Anthony J. Trewavas, the U. S. Food & Drug Administration - 2001 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    In The Ethics of Food, Gregory E. Pence brings together a collection of voices who share the view that the ethics of genetically modified food is among the most pressing societal questions of our time. This comprehensive collection addresses a broad range of subjects, including the meaning of food, moral analyses of vegetarianism and starvation, the safety and environmental risks of genetically modified food, issues of global food politics and the food industry, and the relationships among food, evolution, and human (...)
     
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  2. Biocultural Creatures: Toward a New Theory of the Human.Samantha Frost - 2016 - Duke University Press.
    In _Biocultural Creatures_, Samantha Frost brings feminist and political theory together with findings in the life sciences to recuperate the category of the human for politics. Challenging the idea of human exceptionalism as well as other theories of subjectivity that rest on a distinction between biology and culture, Frost proposes that humans are biocultural creatures who quite literally are cultured within the material, social, and symbolic worlds they inhabit. Through discussions about carbon, the functions of cell membranes, the activity of (...)
     
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  3. Lessons From a Materialist Thinker: Hobbesian Reflections on Ethics and Politics.Samantha Frost - 2008 - Stanford University Press.
    Thomas Hobbes is an iconic figure who serves as an easy reference for pundits commenting on the brutality of war as well as for critics of a distinctly modern individualism in which calculating and rapacious self-interest is the cause of the violence, destruction, and exploitation endemic to the contemporary world. Frost's reading of Hobbes's philosophy shows us that underlying such visions of self and politics is another iconic figure: that of the Cartesian subject. What gives the iconic Hobbes his hardcore (...)
     
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  4.  64
    Towards a Universal Neurobiological Architecture for Learning to Read.Marcin Szwed, Fabien Vinckier, Laurent Cohen, Stanislas Dehaene & Ram Frost - 2012 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 35 (5):308.
    Letter-position tolerance varies across languages. This observation suggests that the neural code for letter strings may also be subtly different. Although language-specific models remain useful, we should endeavor to develop a universal model of reading acquisition which incorporates crucial neurobiological constraints. Such a model, through a progressive internalization of phonological and lexical regularities, could perhaps converge onto the language-specific properties outlined by Frost.
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  5. Outline of a Phenomenology of Right.Bryan-Paul Frost & Robert Howse (eds.) - 2007 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    Alexandre Koj_ve offers a systematic discussion of key themes such as right, justice, law, equality, and autonomy in which he presages our contemporary world of economic globalization and international law. Edited and translated by Bryan-Paul Frost, this is the authoritative English language edition of a monumental work in political philosophy.
     
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  6.  3
    L'innovation est le ton qui fait la chanson : une approche musico-prosodique en secteur Lansad.Dan Frost & Rebecca Guy - forthcoming - Rhuthmos.
    Nous remercions Dan Frost et Rebecca Guy de nous avoir autorisés à reproduire ce texte qui a déjà paru dans Recherches et pratiques pédagogiques en langues de spécialité, Vol. 35, N° spécial 1 | 2016 : Du secteur Lansad et des langues de spécialité. Résumé : La production orale pose de nombreuses difficultés pour les apprenants francophones en anglais et peut-être plus encore dans le secteur Lansad où ils sont souvent adultes et où le temps et les ressources sont particulièrement (...)
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  7. Ethics in International Relations a Constitutive Theory.Mervyn Frost - 1996 - Cambridge University Press.
    Most questions commonly asked about international politics are ethical ones. Should the international community intervene in Bosnia? What do we owe the starving in Somalia? What should be done about the genocide in Rwanda? Yet, Mervyn Frost argues, ethics is accorded a marginal position within the academic study of international relations. In this book he examines the reasons given for this, and finds that they do not stand up to scrutiny. He goes on to evaluate those ethical theories which do (...)
     
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  8. Ethics in International Relations: A Constitutive Theory.Mervyn Frost - 1996 - Cambridge University Press.
    Most questions commonly asked about international politics are ethical ones. Should the international community intervene in Bosnia? What do we owe the starving in Somalia? What should be done about the genocide in Rwanda? Yet, Mervyn Frost argues, ethics is accorded a marginal position within the academic study of international relations. In this book he examines the reasons given for this, and finds that they do not stand up to scrutiny. He goes on to evaluate those ethical theories which do (...)
     
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  9. Practice Theory and International Relations.Silviya Lechner & Mervyn Frost - 2018 - Cambridge University Press.
    Are social practices actions, or institutional frameworks of interaction structured by common rules? How do social practices such as signing a cheque differ from international practices such as signing a peace treaty? Traversing the fields of international relations and philosophy, this book defends an institutionalist conception of practices as part of a general practice theory indebted to Oakeshott, Wittgenstein and Hegel. The proposed practice theory has two core aspects: practice internalism and normative descriptivism. In developing a philosophical analysis of social (...)
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  10.  40
    Domain Generality Versus Modality Specificity: The Paradox of Statistical Learning.Ram Frost, Blair C. Armstrong, Noam Siegelman & Morten H. Christiansen - 2015 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 19 (3):117-125.
  11.  24
    Cultural Group Selection Plays an Essential Role in Explaining Human Cooperation: A Sketch of the Evidence.Peter Richerson, Ryan Baldini, Adrian V. Bell, Kathryn Demps, Karl Frost, Vicken Hillis, Sarah Mathew, Emily K. Newton, Nicole Naar, Lesley Newson, Cody Ross, Paul E. Smaldino, Timothy M. Waring & Matthew Zefferman - 2016 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 39:1-71.
    Human cooperation is highly unusual. We live in large groups composed mostly of non-relatives. Evolutionists have proposed a number of explanations for this pattern, including cultural group selection and extensions of more general processes such as reciprocity, kin selection, and multi-level selection acting on genes. Evolutionary processes are consilient; they affect several different empirical domains, such as patterns of behavior and the proximal drivers of that behavior. In this target article, we sketch the evidence from five domains that bear on (...)
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  12. On the Very Idea of Direction of Fit.Kim Frost - 2014 - Philosophical Review 123 (4):429-484.
    Direction of fit theories usually claim that beliefs are such that they “aim at truth” or “ought to fit” the world and desires are such that they “aim at realization” or the world “ought to fit” them. This essay argues that no theory of direction of fit is correct. The two directions of fit are supposed to be determinations of one and the same determinable two-place relation, differing only in the ordering of favored terms. But there is no such determinable (...)
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  13.  23
    Redefining “Learning” in Statistical Learning: What Does an Online Measure Reveal About the Assimilation of Visual Regularities?Noam Siegelman, Louisa Bogaerts, Ofer Kronenfeld & Ram Frost - 2018 - Cognitive Science 42 (S3):692-727.
    From a theoretical perspective, most discussions of statistical learning have focused on the possible “statistical” properties that are the object of learning. Much less attention has been given to defining what “learning” is in the context of “statistical learning.” One major difficulty is that SL research has been monitoring participants’ performance in laboratory settings with a strikingly narrow set of tasks, where learning is typically assessed offline, through a set of two-alternative-forced-choice questions, which follow a brief visual or auditory familiarization (...)
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  14. Hobbes and Republican Liberty.Quentin Skinner & Samantha Frost - 2009 - Political Theory 37 (5):694-705.
  15.  25
    The What, When, Where, and How of Visual Word Recognition.Manuel Carreiras, Blair C. Armstrong, Manuel Perea & Ram Frost - 2014 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 18 (2):90-98.
  16. New Materialisms: Ontology, Agency, and Politics.Diana H. Coole & Samantha Frost (eds.) - 2010 - Duke University Press.
     
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  17.  13
    Linguistic Entrenchment: Prior Knowledge Impacts Statistical Learning Performance.Noam Siegelman, Louisa Bogaerts, Amit Elazar, Joanne Arciuli & Ram Frost - 2018 - Cognition 177:198-213.
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  18.  53
    Towards a Universal Model of Reading.Ram Frost, Christina Behme, Madeleine El Beveridge, Thomas H. Bak, Jeffrey S. Bowers, Max Coltheart, Stephen Crain, Colin J. Davis, S. Hélène Deacon & Laurie Beth Feldman - 2012 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 35 (5):263.
    In the last decade, reading research has seen a paradigmatic shift. A new wave of computational models of orthographic processing that offer various forms of noisy position or context-sensitive coding have revolutionized the field of visual word recognition. The influx of such models stems mainly from consistent findings, coming mostly from European languages, regarding an apparent insensitivity of skilled readers to letter order. Underlying the current revolution is the theoretical assumption that the insensitivity of readers to letter order reflects the (...)
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  19.  6
    Simultaneous Segmentation and Generalisation of Non-Adjacent Dependencies From Continuous Speech.Rebecca L. A. Frost & Padraic Monaghan - 2016 - Cognition 147:70-74.
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  20.  3
    What Exactly is Learned in Visual Statistical Learning? Insights From Bayesian Modeling.Noam Siegelman, Louisa Bogaerts, Blair C. Armstrong & Ram Frost - 2019 - Cognition 192:104002.
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  21.  8
    Enhancing Moral Agency:Clinical Ethics Residency for Nurses.Ellen M. Robinson, Susan M. Lee, Angelika Zollfrank, Martha Jurchak, Debra Frost & Pamela Grace - 2014 - Hastings Center Report 44 (5):12-20.
  22. The Hyper-Hermeneutic Gesture of a Subtle Revolution.Tom Frost - 2013 - Critical Horizons 14 (1):70-92.
    Drawing upon the thought of Giorgio Agamben, this essay focuses upon the potential of a single act to change a political order. Agamben’s writings retain the possibility for a paradigmatic gesture that opens a space for a politics not founded on a form of belonging grounded in a particular property, such as national identity. To illustrate this event this essay turns to Agamben’s construction of whatever-being, which is constructed hyper-hermeneutically. This term is chosen deliberately. Whatever-being retains a hermeneutic structure, but (...)
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  23.  49
    Ethical Investment Processes and Outcomes.Grant Michelson, Nick Wailes, Sandra Van Der Laan & Geoff Frost - 2004 - Journal of Business Ethics 52 (1):1-10.
    There is a growing body of literature on ethical or socially responsible investment across a range of disciplines. This paper highlights the key themes in the field and identifies some of the major theoretical and practical challenges facing both scholars and practitioners. One of these challenges is understanding better the complexity of the relationship between such investment practices and corporate behaviour. Noting that ethical investment is seldom characterised by agreement about what it actully constitutes, and that much of the extant (...)
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  24.  13
    Words with and Without Internal Structure: What Determines the Nature of Orthographic and Morphological Processing?Hadas Velan & Ram Frost - 2011 - Cognition 118 (2):141-156.
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  25. Residual Function After Brain Wounds Involving the Central Visual Pathways in Man.Ernst Poppel, R. Held & D. Frost - 1973 - Nature 243:295-96.
  26.  93
    Introducing the New Materialisms.Diana Coole & Samantha Frost - 2010 - In Diana H. Coole & Samantha Frost (eds.), New Materialisms: Ontology, Agency, and Politics. Duke University Press. pp. 1--43.
  27.  11
    Cultural Group Selection Follows Darwin's Classic Syllogism for the Operation of Selection.Peter Richerson, Ryan Baldini, Adrian V. Bell, Kathryn Demps, Karl Frost, Vicken Hillis, Sarah Mathew, Emily K. Newton, Nicole Naar, Lesley Newson, Cody Ross, Paul E. Smaldino, Timothy M. Waring & Matthew Zefferman - 2016 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 39.
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  28.  33
    Peter Olivi's Rejection of God's Concurrence with Created Causes.Gloria Frost - 2014 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 22 (4):655-679.
    The relationship between divine and created causality was widely discussed in medieval and early modern philosophy. Contemporary scholars of these discussions typically stake out three possible positions: occasionalism, concurrentism, and mere-conservationism. It is regularly claimed that virtually no medieval thinker adopted the final view which denies that God is an immediate active cause of creaturely actions. The main aim of this paper is to further understanding of the medieval causality debate, and particularly the mere-conservationist position, by analysing Peter John Olivi's (...)
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  29.  38
    Ethical Competence in International Relations.Mervyn Frost - 2009 - Ethics and International Affairs 23 (2):91-100.
    In order to participate effectively in international relations, this essay argues that international actors of all kinds, including states, international organizations, corporations, and individuals, have to acquire the skills necessary to protect freedom and diversity in the modern world.
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  30.  21
    In Pursuit of a ‘Single Source of Truth’: From Threatened Legitimacy to Integrated Reporting.Cornelia Beck, John Dumay & Geoffrey Frost - 2017 - Journal of Business Ethics 141 (1):191-205.
    This paper explores one organisation’s journey into non-financial reporting, initially motivated by a crisis in public confidence that threatened the organisation’s legitimacy to the present with the organisation embracing integrated reporting. The organisation’s journey is framed through a legitimation lens and is illustrated by aligning internal reflections with external outputs guided by predominant paradigms of good practice, such as the GRI guidelines and more recently integrated reporting 〈IR〉. We find that the organisation’s relationship with external guidelines has evolved from pragmatic (...)
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  31.  10
    Athenian Religion: A History.Frank J. Frost & R. Parker - 1997 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 117:223-224.
  32.  47
    Should Assisted Dying Be Legalised?Thomas D. G. Frost, Devan Sinha & Barnabas J. Gilbert - 2014 - Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 9:3.
    When an individual facing intractable pain is given an estimate of a few months to live, does hastening death become a viable and legitimate alternative for willing patients? Has the time come for physicians to do away with the traditional notion of healthcare as maintaining or improving physical and mental health, and instead accept their own limitations by facilitating death when requested? The Universities of Oxford and Cambridge held the 2013 Varsity Medical Debate on the motion “This House Would Legalise (...)
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  33.  6
    Understanding International Practices From the Internal Point of View.Mervyn Frost & Silviya Lechner - 2016 - Journal of International Political Theory 12 (3):299-319.
  34.  6
    Neurochemistry Predicts Convergence of Written and Spoken Language: A Proton Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy Study of Cross-Modal Language Integration.Stephanie N. Del Tufo, Stephen J. Frost, Fumiko Hoeft, Laurie E. Cutting, Peter J. Molfese, Graeme F. Mason, Douglas L. Rothman, Robert K. Fulbright & Kenneth R. Pugh - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  35.  17
    Aquinas’ Ontology of Transeunt Causal Activity.Gloria Frost - 2018 - Vivarium 56 (1-2):47-82.
    This paper reconstructs and analyzes Thomas Aquinas’ intriguing views on transeunt causal activity, which have been the subject of an interpretive debate spanning from the fifteenth century up until the present. In his Physics commentary, Aquinas defends the Aristotelian positions that the actualization of an agent’s active potential is the motion that it causes in its patient and action and passion are the same motion. Yet, in other texts, Aquinas claims that action differs from passion and “action is in the (...)
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  36. John Heil: The Universe As We Find It. [REVIEW]David J. Frost - 2014 - Philosophia 42 (1):243-249.
  37. Book Review of Alexander, Joshua. Experimental Philosophy: An Introduction.David J. Frost - 2012 - Philosophia 40 (4):903-917.
  38. Ethics in International Relations: Thick Not Thin.Mervyn Frost - forthcoming - Ethics.
     
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  39. Thomas Aquinas on the Perpetual Truth of Essential Propositions.Gloria Frost - 2010 - History of Philosophy Quarterly 27 (3):197-213.
  40.  49
    Hobbes and the Matter of Self-Consciousness.Samantha Frost - 2005 - Political Theory 33 (4):495-517.
    Observing that René Descartes's dualistic philosophy haunts our conceptualization of matter, this essay argues that Thomas Hobbes develops a non-Cartesian materialism, which is to say that he articulates a materialism in which matter is not construed as essentially unthinking. Tracing his accounts of sense, perception, and thinking, this essay reconstructs Hobbes's account of self-consciousness and proposes that in a subject conceived as wholly embodied, self-knowledge or self-awareness takes the form of memory. The essay elaborates how Hobbes 's account of self-consciousness (...)
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  41.  86
    Action as the Exercise of a Two-Way Power.Kim Frost - 2013 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 56 (6):611-624.
    Helen Steward argues that action is the exercise of a two-way power, and that if there are actions, then determinism is false. The concept of a two-way power has its roots in Aristotle, but Aristotle’s conception of a two-way power is compatible with determinism. I explain the differences between Steward and Aristotle’s conceptions of two-way powers and point out how a compatibilist opponent to Steward’s argument could exploit an Aristotelian conception of two-way powers. This leads to a dialectical stalemate between (...)
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  42.  40
    The Ethics of Neuroscience and the Neuroscience of Ethics: A Phenomenological–Existential Approach.Christopher J. Frost & Augustus R. Lumia - 2012 - Science and Engineering Ethics 18 (3):457-474.
    Advances in the neurosciences have many implications for a collective understanding of what it means to be human, in particular, notions of the self, the concept of volition or agency, questions of individual responsibility, and the phenomenology of consciousness. As the ability to peer directly into the brain is scientifically honed, and conscious states can be correlated with patterns of neural processing, an easy—but premature—leap is to postulate a one-way, brain-based determinism. That leap is problematic, however, and emerging findings in (...)
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  43.  27
    What Could a Two-Way Power Be?Kim Frost - forthcoming - Topoi:1-13.
    Alvarez and Steward think the power of agency is a two-way power; Lowe thinks the will is. There is a problem for two-way powers. Either there is a unified description of the manifestation-type of the power, or not. If so, two-way powers are really one-way powers. If not, two-way powers are really combinations of one-way powers. Either way, two-way powers cannot help distinguish free agents from everything else. I argue the problem is best avoided by an Aristotelian view, which posits (...)
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  44.  25
    P. Valavanis: Hysplex. The Starting Mechanism in Ancient Stadia. A Contribution to Ancient Greek Technology. Pp. Xviii + 183, Ills. Berkeley, Los Angeles, and London: University of California Press, 1999. Paper, $40. ISBN: 0-520-09829-3. [REVIEW]Frank Frost - 2001 - The Classical Review 51 (2):442-443.
  45.  37
    A Metaphysics for Practical Knowledge.Kim Frost - 2018 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 49 (3):314-340.
    ABSTRACTIs Anscombean practical knowledge independent of what the agent actually does on an occasion? Failure to understand Anscombe’s answer to this question is a major obstacle to appreciating the subtlety and plausibility of her view. I argue that Anscombe’s answer is negative, and turns on the nature of mistakes in performance, and reveals a distinctive implicit metaphysics of mind and knowledge, structured by related capacities and exercises of capacities. If my interpretation is correct, then practical knowledge shares features with knowledge-how (...)
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  46. The Limit of Thought.Tom Frost - unknown
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  47.  44
    In Search of the Uniquely Human.Tomasello Michael, Carpenter Malinda, Call Josep, Behne Tanya & Moll Henrike - 2005 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 28 (5):721-727.
    As Bruner so eloquently points out, and Gauvain echoes, human beings are unique in their “locality.” Individual groups of humans develop their own unique ways of symbolizing and doing things – and these can be very different from the ways of other groups, even those living quite nearby. Our attempt in the target article was to propose a theory of the social-cognitive and social-motivational bases of humans' ability and propensity to live in this local, that is, this cultural, way – (...)
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  48. Journalism Ethics and Regulation.Chris Frost - 2010 - Pearson.
    What are ethics? -- News : towards a definition -- Morality of reporting -- The good journalist -- Truth, accuracy, objectivity and trust -- Privacy and intrusion -- Reputation -- Gathering the news -- Reporting the vulnerable -- Deciding what to publish -- Taste and decency : harm and offence -- Professional practice -- Regulation -- History of print regulation -- History of broadcast regulation -- Codes of conduct as a regulatory system -- Press regulation systems in the UK and (...)
     
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  49.  4
    African Initiated Churches’ Potential as Development Actors.Philipp Öhlmann, Marie-Luise Frost & Wilhelm Gräb - 2016 - Hts Theological Studies 72 (4).
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  50.  28
    A Universal Approach to Modeling Visual Word Recognition and Reading: Not Only Possible, but Also Inevitable.Ram Frost - 2012 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 35 (5):310-329.
    I have argued that orthographic processing cannot be understood and modeled without considering the manner in which orthographic structure represents phonological, semantic, and morphological information in a given writing system. A reading theory, therefore, must be a theory of the interaction of the reader with his/her linguistic environment. This outlines a novel approach to studying and modeling visual word recognition, an approach that focuses on the common cognitive principles involved in processing printed words across different writing systems. These claims were (...)
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