Results for 'Tanya Mayer'

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  1.  4
    Do Dogs Prefer Helpers in an Infant-Based Social Evaluation Task?Katherine McAuliffe, Michael Bogese, Linda W. Chang, Caitlin E. Andrews, Tanya Mayer, Aja Faranda, J. Kiley Hamlin & Laurie R. Santos - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  2.  86
    The Validity of the MSCEIT: Additional Analyses and Evidence.John D. Mayer, Peter Salovey & David R. Caruso - 2012 - Emotion Review 4 (4):403-408.
    We address concerns raised by Maul (2012) regarding the validity of the Mayer-Salovey-Caruso Emotional Intelligence Test (MSCEIT). We respond to requests for clarifications of our model, and explain why the MSCEIT’s scoring methods stand up to scrutiny and why many reported reliabilities of the MSCEIT may be underestimates, using reanalyses of the test’s standardization sample of N = 5,000 to illustrate our point. We also organize findings from four recent articles that provide evidence for the MSCEIT’s validity based on (...)
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  3. Die Aktualität Husserls.Verena Mayer, Christopher Erhard & Marisa Scherini (eds.) - 2011 - Karl Alber.
    In diesem Sammelband werden Aufsätze von renommierten Husserl-Forschern und Nachwuchswissenschaftlern zu systematischen Fragen und Problemen von Husserls Phänomenologie versammelt. Die Texte basieren teilweise auf Vorträgen der Tagung „Die Aktualität Husserls", die 2009 an der LMU München stattgefunden hat. In drei thematischen Blöcken, die sich schwerpunktmäßig auf Probleme der Ontologie, Sprachphilosophie/ Philosophie des Geistes und Handlungstheorie/Ethik konzentrieren, wird die systematische Breite und Komplexität von Husserls Denken deutlich, das sich nahezu nahtlos auf aktuelle Fragestellungen beziehen lässt - wenngleich es sich diesen nicht (...)
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  4. The Aesthetics of Fear in German Romanticism.Paola Mayer - 2020 - Mcgill-Queen's University Press.
    Enlightenment - both the phenomenon specific to the eighteenth century and the continuing trend in Western thought - is an attempt to dispel ignorance, achieve mastery of a potentially hostile environment, and contain fear of the unknown by promoting science and rationality. Enlightenment is often accompanied and challenged by countercultures such as German Romanticism, which explored the nature of fear and deployed it as a corrective to the excesses of rationalism. The Aesthetics of Fear in German Romanticism uncovers the formative (...)
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  5.  65
    Examining the Link Between Ethical Leadership and Employee Misconduct: The Mediating Role of Ethical Climate. [REVIEW]David M. Mayer, Maribeth Kuenzi & Rebecca L. Greenbaum - 2010 - Journal of Business Ethics 95 (1):7-16.
    Drawing on theory and research on ethical leadership and ethical climate, we examine ethical climate as a mediator of the relationship between ethical leadership and employee misconduct. Using a sample of 1,525 employees and their supervisors in 300 units in different organizations, we find support for our hypothesized model. We discuss theoretical and practical implications of these findings.
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  6. Human Reasoning.Russell Revlin & Richard E. Mayer (eds.) - 1978 - Distributed Solely by Halsted Press.
  7. Bringing Elsewhere Home: A Song of Ice and Fire’s Ethics of Disability.Pascal Massie & Lauryn Mayer - 2014 - In Karl Fugelso (ed.), Studies in Medievalism. D S Brewer. pp. 45-60.
  8.  18
    My Boss is Morally Disengaged: The Role of Ethical Leadership in Explaining the Interactive Effect of Supervisor and Employee Moral Disengagement on Employee Behaviors.Julena M. Bonner, Rebecca L. Greenbaum & David M. Mayer - 2016 - Journal of Business Ethics 137 (4):731-742.
    The popular press is often fraught with high-profile illustrations of leader unethical conduct within corporations. Leader unethical conduct is undesirable for many reasons, but in terms of managing subordinates, it is particularly problematic because leaders directly influence the ethics of their followers. Yet, we know relatively little about why leaders fail to apply ethical leadership practices. We argue that some leaders cognitively remove the personal sanctions associated with misconduct, which provides them with the “freedom” to ignore ethical shortcomings. Drawing on (...)
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  9. What's Wrong with Exploitation?Robert Mayer - 2007 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 24 (2):137–150.
    This paper offers a new answer to an old question. Others have argued that exploitation is wrong because it is coercive, or degrading, or fails to protect the vulnerable. But these answers only work for certain cases; counterexamples are easily found. In this paper I identify a different answer to the question by placing exploitation within the larger family of wrongs to which it belongs. Exploitation is one species of wrongful gain, and exploiters always gain at the expense of others (...)
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  10. Sweatshops, Exploitation, and Moral Responsibility.Robert Mayer - 2007 - Journal of Social Philosophy 38 (4):605–619.
  11.  9
    Failure to Integrate Visual Information From Successive Fixations.Bruce Bridgeman & Melanie Mayer - 1983 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 21 (4):285-286.
  12.  20
    Reconciling Different Views on Responsible Leadership: A Rationality-Based Approach. [REVIEW]Christof Miska, Christian Hilbe & Susanne Mayer - 2014 - Journal of Business Ethics 125 (2):1-12.
    Business leaders are increasingly responsible for the societal and environmental impacts of their actions. Yet conceptual views on responsible leadership differ in their definitions and theoretical foundations. This study attempts to reconcile these diverse views and uncover the phenomenon from a business leader’s point of view. Based on rational egoism theory, this article proposes a formal mathematical model of responsible leadership that considers different types of incentives for stakeholder engagement. The analyses reveal that monetary and instrumental incentives are neither sufficient (...)
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  13. An Information Processing Framework for Research on Human Reasoning.Richard E. Mayer & Russell Revlin - 1978 - In Russell Revlin & Richard E. Mayer (eds.), Human Reasoning. Distributed Solely by Halsted Press.
     
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  14.  30
    Human Rights as a Dimension of CSR: The Blurred Lines Between Legal and Non-Legal Categories.Ann Elizabeth Mayer - 2009 - Journal of Business Ethics 88 (S4):561-577.
    At the UN, important projects laying down transnational corporations' (TNCs) human rights responsibilities have been launched without ever clarifying the relevant theoretical foundations. One of the consequences is that the human rights principles in projects like the 2000 UN Global Compact and the 2003 Norms on the Responsibilities of Transnational Corporations and Other Business Enterprises with Regard to Human Rights can be understood in different ways, which should not cause surprise given that their authors come from diverse backgrounds, including economics (...)
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  15.  22
    When and Why Usury Should Be Prohibited.Robert Mayer - 2013 - Journal of Business Ethics 116 (3):513-527.
    Usury ceilings seem indefensible. Their opponents insist these caps harm the consumers they are intended to help. Low ceilings are said to prevent the least advantaged agents from accessing legal credit and drive them into the black market, where prices are higher and collection methods are harsher. But in this paper, I challenge these arguments and show that the benefits of interest-rate limitations in the most expensive credit markets clearly outweigh the costs. The test case is payday lending. Deregulated pricing (...)
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  16. A Return to Reciprocity.Lorraine F. Mayer - 2007 - Hypatia 22 (3):22-42.
    : Feminist affiliation has long been suspect among Native American women whose memories survive the dishonor of colonialism. The idea of common struggles is simultaneously repugnant and alluring. Sadly, this has led to much confusion and rejection between Aboriginal women. I suggest "a return to reciprocity" to understand and come to terms with feminist rejection or affiliation. If we cannot come together, the fracturing that began with European ideology will continue to fragment and destroy the fabric of Native cultures.
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  17.  46
    Finding a Precautionary Approach to Technological Developments – Lessons for the Evaluation of GM Crops.Sue Mayer & Andy Stirling - 2002 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 15 (1):57-71.
    The introduction of genetically modified (GM) crops and foods into Europe has generated considerable controversy. Despite a risk assessment system that is intended to beprecautionary in nature, the decisions thathave been taken have not gathered publicconfidence. Key attributes of a precautionaryappraisal system include humility,completeness, assessing benefits andjustifications, making comparisons, allowingfor public participation, transparency,diversity, and the ``mapping'' of alternativeviews rather than the prescription of singlesolutions. A comparison of the European GMregulatory system with a different (moreprecautionary) approach using a ``multi-criteriamapping'' technique reveals (...)
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  18.  33
    Guestworkers and Exploitation.Robert Mayer - 2005 - Review of Politics 67 (2):311--334.
    Are guest-worker programs exploitative? Egalitarian and neoclassical theories of exploitation agree that they always are. But these judgments are too indiscriminate. Privileged guests are the exception, and the exception points toward a more sensitive standard for identifying exploitation. This more sensitive standard, the sufficiency theory of exploitation, is used to analyze several guest-worker programs. Even when guest-worker programs are exploitative, it is argued that the unfairness should be tolerated if the exploitation is modest, not severe, and if the most likely (...)
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  19.  46
    In Search of the Uniquely Human.Tomasello Michael, Carpenter Malinda, Call Josep, Behne Tanya & Moll Henrike - 2005 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 28 (5):721-727.
    As Bruner so eloquently points out, and Gauvain echoes, human beings are unique in their “locality.” Individual groups of humans develop their own unique ways of symbolizing and doing things – and these can be very different from the ways of other groups, even those living quite nearby. Our attempt in the target article was to propose a theory of the social-cognitive and social-motivational bases of humans' ability and propensity to live in this local, that is, this cultural, way – (...)
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  20.  8
    Reluctant Technocrats: Science Promotion in the Neglect-of-Science Debate of 1916-1918.Anna-K. Mayer - 2005 - History of Science 43 (2):139-159.
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  21. The Techniques, Basic Concepts, and Preconceptions of Science and Their Relation to Social Study.Joseph Mayer - 1935 - Philosophy of Science 2 (4):431-483.
  22.  96
    Resolving the Dilemma of Democratic Informal Politics.Seth Mayer - 2017 - Social Theory and Practice 43 (4):691–716.
    The way citizens regard and treat one another in everyday life, even when they are not engaged in straightforwardly “political” activities, matters for achieving democratic ideals. This claim provokes an underexamined unease in many. Here I articulate these concerns, which I argue are prompted by the approaches most often associated with these issues. Such theories, like democratic communitarianism, require problematic sorts of unity in everyday social life. To avoid these difficulties, I offer an alternative, called procedural democratic informal politics, which (...)
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  23.  42
    Emotions, Ethics, and Authenticity.Mikko Salmela & Verena Mayer (eds.) - 2009 - John Benjamins.
    It is this demand to address questions emerging from these experiential and normative perspectives to which this book on emotions, ethics, and authenticity ...
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  24.  49
    Nonlethal Weapons and Noncombatant Immunity: Is It Permissible to Target Noncombatants?Chris Mayer - 2007 - Journal of Military Ethics 6 (3):221-231.
    The concept of noncombatant immunity prohibits the intentional targeting of noncombatants. The availability of nonlethal weapons (NLW) may weaken this prohibition, especially since using NLWs against noncombatants may, in some cases, actually save the noncombatants' lives. Given the advancement of NLWs, I argue that their probable appearance on the battlefield demands close scrutiny due to the moral problems associated with their use. In this paper, I examine four distinct cases and determine whether the use of NLWs is morally permissible. While (...)
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  25. Pseudo-Scientific Economic Doctrine--Continued.Joseph Mayer - 1936 - Philosophy of Science 3 (4):515-541.
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  26.  9
    Guest Editors’ Introduction On Understanding Ethical Behavior and Decision Making.David De Cremer, David M. Mayer & Marshall Schminke - 2010 - Business Ethics Quarterly 20 (1):1.
    Behavioral ethics is an emerging field that takes an empirical, social scientific approach to the study of business ethics. In this special issue, we include six articles that fall within the domain of behavioral ethics and that focus on three themes—moral awareness, ethical decision making, and reactions to unethical behavior. Each of the articles sheds additional light on the specific issues addressed. However, we hope this special issue will have an impact beyond that of the new insights offered in these (...)
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  27. Aspects of the Language of Latin Poetry.J. N. Adams & R. G. Mayer - unknown - Proceedings of the British Academy 93.
    International array of contributors, bringing together both traditional and more recent approaches to provide valuable insights into the poets’ use of language.Covers authors from Lucilius to Juvenal.Of the peoples of ancient Italy, only the Romans committed newly composed poems to writing, and for 250 years Latin-speakers developed an impressive verse literature.The language had traditional resources of high style, e.g., alliteration, lexical and morphological archaism or grecism, and of course metaphor and word order; and there were also less obvious resources in (...)
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  28.  36
    Integrative Social Contract Theory and Urban Prosperity Initiatives.Anita Cava & Don Mayer - 2007 - Journal of Business Ethics 72 (3):263-278.
    Urban communities in 21st century America are facing severe economic challenges, ones that suggest a mandate to contemplate serious changes in the way America does business. The middle class is diminishing in many parts of the country, with consequences for the economy as a whole. When faced with the loss of its economic base, any business community must make some difficult decisions about its proper role and responsibilities. Decisions to support the community must be balanced alongside and against responsibilities to (...)
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  29.  8
    Failure to Replicate Mood-Dependent Retrieval.Gordon H. Bower & John D. Mayer - 1985 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 23 (1):39-42.
  30.  8
    Weakening Faithfulness : Some Heuristic Causal Discovery Algorithms. Zhalama, Jiji Zhang & Wolfgang Mayer - unknown
    We examine the performance of some standard causal discovery algorithms, both constraint-based and score-based, from the perspective of how robust they are against failures of the Causal Faithfulness Assumption. For this purpose, we make only the so-called Triangle-Faithfulness assumption, which is a fairly weak consequence of the Faithfulness assumption, and otherwise allows unfaithful distributions. In particular, we allow violations of Adjacency-Faithfulness and Orientation-Faithfulness. We show that the PC algorithm, a representative constraint-based method, can be made more robust against unfaithfulness by (...)
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  31.  59
    Payday Loans and Exploitation.Robert Mayer - 2003 - Public Affairs Quarterly 17 (3):197--217.
    This paper uses the example of payday loans to identify two standards of exploitation that better accord with intuitions about taking unfair advantage than neoclassical or neo-Marxian exploitation theory. These two standards are derived from ongoing policy debates about the regulation of payday loans. The sufficiency standard is more restrictive than relative-advantage theory, but the latter indicates when exceptions to the prohibition on exploitation should be made for the sake of the disadvantaged party.
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  32.  34
    Kasky V. Nike and the Quarrelsome Question of Corporate Free Speech.Don Mayer - 2007 - Business Ethics Quarterly 17 (1):65-96.
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  33.  3
    Introduction.Theresa Smith, Nicholas Pickwoad, Paul Needham, Manfred Mayer, Oliver Hahn, Irene Brückle & Horst Bredekamp - 2014 - In Paul Needham, Irene Brückle & Horst Bredekamp (eds.), A Galileo Forgery: Unmasking the New York Sidereus Nuncius. De Gruyter. pp. 9-14.
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  34. Is Embryo Adoption a Form of Surrogacy?Ryan C. Mayer - 2011 - The National Catholic Bioethics Quarterly 11 (2):249-256.
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  35.  28
    Fatal Mutilations: Educationism and the British Background to the 1931 International Congress for the History of Science and Technology.Anna-K. Mayer - 2002 - History of Science 40 (4; ISSU 130):445-472.
  36.  15
    Der Logische Aufbau Als Plagiat: Oder: Eine Einführung in Husserls System der Konstitution.Verena Mayer - 2016 - In Guillermo E. Rosado Haddock (ed.), Husserl and Analytic Philosophy. De Gruyter. pp. 175-260.
  37.  8
    Declaration of Patent Applications as Financial Interests: A Survey of Practice Among Authors of Papers on Molecular Biology in Nature.S. Mayer - 2006 - Journal of Medical Ethics 32 (11):658-661.
    Objectives: To determine whether authors of scientific publications in molecular biology declare patents and other potential financial interests.Design: Survey of a 6-month sample of papers related to molecular biology in Nature.Methods: The esp@cenet worldwide patent search engine was used to search for patents applied for by the authors of scientific papers in Nature that were related to molecular biology and genetics, between January and June 2005.Results: Of the 79 papers considered, four had declared that certain authors had competing financial interests. (...)
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  38.  11
    An Eye Movement Analysis of the Spatial Contiguity Effect in Multimedia Learning.Cheryl I. Johnson & Richard E. Mayer - 2012 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied 18 (2):178-191.
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  39.  34
    An Efficient Approach to Nominal Equalities in Hybrid Logic Tableaux.Serenella Cerrito & Marta Cialdea Mayer - 2010 - Journal of Applied Non-Classical Logics 20 (1-2):39-61.
    Basic hybrid logic extends modal logic with the possibility of naming worlds by means of a distinguished class of atoms and the so-called satisfaction operator, that allows one to state that a given formula holds at the world named a, for some nominal a. Hence, in particular, hybrid formulae include “equality” assertions, stating that two nominals are distinct names for the same world. The treatment of such nominal equalities in proof systems for hybrid logics may induce many redundancies. This paper (...)
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  40.  11
    The Influence of Boron on the Clustering of Radiation Damage in Graphite.L. M. Brown, A. Kelly & R. M. Mayer - 1969 - Philosophical Magazine 19 (160):721-741.
  41. Personata Stoa: Neostoicism and Senecan Tragedy.Roland Mayer - 1994 - Journal of the Warburg and Courtauld Institutes 57:151-174.
  42.  16
    Ibn Sina's 'Burhan Al-Siddiqin'.T. Mayer - 2001 - Journal of Islamic Studies 12 (1):18-39.
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  43. From Proscriptions to Prescriptions: A Call for Including Prosocial Behavior in Behavioral Ethics.David M. Mayer - 2010 - In Marshall Schminke (ed.), Managerial Ethics: Managing the Psychology of Morality. Routledge. pp. 257.
  44. Lenin, Kautsky and Working-Class Consciousness.Robert Mayer - 1994 - History of European Ideas 18 (5):673-681.
  45.  18
    Themes of Social Responsibility: A Survey of Three Professional Schools. [REVIEW]Jan Mayer - 1988 - Journal of Business Ethics 7 (4):313-320.
    Criteria distinguishing the professions from ordinary occupations have traditionally stressed the notion of commitment to a service ethic which implies social responsibility. In this survey of 223 students and faculty of three university professional schools in Canada, the extent to which students exhibit awareness of the ethical component in their future work is examined. Particular attention is paid to the structural contradictions inherent in the work context of the salaried professions, especially the ethical dilemmas that arise out of bureaucratic demands (...)
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  46.  43
    Ethics and the Gender Equality Dilemma for U.S. Multinationals.Don Mayer & Anita Cava - 1993 - Journal of Business Ethics 12 (9):701 - 708.
    U.S. multinational enterprises must now follow the policies of Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 in their overseas operations, at least with respect to U.S. expatriate employees. Doing so in a culture which discourages gender equality in the workplace raises difficult issues, both practically and ethically. Vigorously importing U.S. attitudes toward gender-equality into a social culture such as Japan or Saudi Arabia may seem ethnocentric, a version of ethical imperialism. Yet adapting to host country norms risks a (...)
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  47.  22
    The Domain of Hypotheses and the Realism of Assumptions.Thomas Mayer - 1999 - Journal of Economic Methodology 6 (3):319-330.
    The principle that theories should be tested by the accuracy of their predictions but not by the realism of their assumptions needs to be qualified. As a practical matter we often need to evaluate the applicability of theories to cases for which they have not been tested by their predictions. Here we rely on the fact that theories are applicable only within a specific domain. In determining whether a specific case, for which no direct tests are available, is within the (...)
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  48.  29
    The Role of Ideology in Disagreements Among Economists: A Quantitative Analysis.Thomas Mayer - 2001 - Journal of Economic Methodology 8 (2):253-273.
    How justified is the charge that ideology strongly influences the allegedly objective opinions of economists? An analysis of a new survey of AEA members and of surveys of labour economists and public economists shows that value judgments and judgments about the government's efficacy have some influence on the way economists think about what should be purely economic issues. But such influence is not strong enough to explain much of the disagreement among economists.
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  49.  10
    Increased Interestingness of Extraneous Details in a Multimedia Science Presentation Leads to Decreased Learning.Richard E. Mayer, Emily Griffith, Ilana T. N. Jurkowitz & Daniel Rothman - 2008 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied 14 (4):329-339.
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  50.  33
    Michael Walzer, Industrial Democracy, and Complex Equality.Robert Mayer - 2001 - Political Theory 29 (2):237-261.
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