Results for 'Tanya Uden‐Holman'

318 found
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  1.  19
    Spect Imaging In Alzheimer's Disease. B. Leanard Holman, Brigham And Women's Hospital.B. Leonard Holman, Keith A. Johnson & Thomas C. Hill - 1988 - Journal of Mind and Behavior 9 (3).
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  2.  48
    Physician Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices Regarding a Widely Implemented Guideline.Marcia M. Ward, Thomas E. Vaughn, Tanya Uden‐Holman, Bradley N. Doebbeling, William R. Clarke & Robert F. Woolson - 2002 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 8 (2):155-162.
  3.  20
    Sex Drugs and Corporate Ventriloquism: How to Evaluate Science Policies Intended to Manage Industry-Funded Bias.Bennett Holman & Sally Geislar - 2018 - Philosophy of Science 85 (5):869-881.
    “Female sexual dysfunction” is the type of contested disease that has sparked concern about the role of the pharmaceutical industry in medical science. Many policies have been proposed to manage industry influence without carefully evaluating whether the proposed policies would be successful. We consider a proposal for incorporating citizen stakeholders into scientific research and show, via a detailed case study of the pharmaceutical regulation of flibanserin, that such programs can be co-opted. In closing, we use Holman’s asymmetric arms race framework (...)
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  4.  3
    Philosophers on Drugs.Bennett Holman - 2019 - Synthese 196 (11):4363-4390.
    There are some philosophical questions that can be answered without attention to the social context in which evidence is produced and distributed.ing away from social context is an excellent way to ignore messy details and lay bare the underlying structure of the limits of inference. Idealization is entirely appropriate when one is essentially asking: In the best of all possible worlds, what am I entitled to infer? Yet, philosophers’ concerns often go beyond this domain. As an example I examine the (...)
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  5.  31
    Experimentation by Industrial Selection.Bennett Holman & Justin Bruner - 2017 - Philosophy of Science 84 (5):1008-1019.
    Industry is a major source of funding for scientific research. There is also a growing concern for how it corrupts researchers faced with conflicts of interest. As such, the debate has focused on whether researchers have maintained their integrity. In this article we draw on both the history of medicine and formal modeling to argue that given methodological diversity and a merit-based system, industry funding can bias a community without corrupting any particular individual. We close by considering a policy solution (...)
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  6.  20
    The Problem of Intransigently Biased Agents.Bennett Holman & Justin P. Bruner - 2015 - Philosophy of Science 82 (5):956-968.
    In recent years the social nature of scientific inquiry has generated considerable interest. We examine the effect of an epistemically impure agent on a community of honest truth seekers. Extending a formal model of network epistemology pioneered by Zollman, we conclude that an intransigently biased agent prevents the community from ever converging to the truth. We explore two solutions to this problem, including a novel procedure for endogenous network formation in which agents choose whom to trust. We contend that our (...)
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  7.  16
    Diversity, Ability, and Expertise in Epistemic Communities.Patrick Grim, Daniel J. Singer, Aaron Bramson, Bennett Holman, Sean McGeehan & William J. Berger - 2019 - Philosophy of Science 86 (1):98-123.
    The Hong and Page ‘diversity trumps ability’ result has been used to argue for the more general claim that a diverse set of agents is epistemically superior to a comparable group of experts. Here we extend Hong and Page’s model to landscapes of different degrees of randomness and demonstrate the sensitivity of the ‘diversity trumps ability’ result. This analysis offers a more nuanced picture of how diversity, ability, and expertise may relate. Although models of this sort can indeed be suggestive (...)
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  8.  34
    Understanding Polarization: Meanings, Measures, and Model Evaluation.Aaron Bramson, Patrick Grim, Daniel J. Singer, William J. Berger, Graham Sack, Steven Fisher, Carissa Flocken & Bennett Holman - 2017 - Philosophy of Science 84 (1):115-159.
    Polarization is a topic of intense interest among social scientists, but there is significant disagreement regarding the character of the phenomenon and little understanding of underlying mechanics. A first problem, we argue, is that polarization appears in the literature as not one concept but many. In the first part of the article, we distinguish nine phenomena that may be considered polarization, with suggestions of appropriate measures for each. In the second part of the article, we apply this analysis to evaluate (...)
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  9.  56
    Rational Social and Political Polarization.Daniel J. Singer, Aaron Bramson, Patrick Grim, Bennett Holman, Jiin Jung, Karen Kovaka, Anika Ranginani & William J. Berger - 2019 - Philosophical Studies 176 (9):2243-2267.
    Public discussions of political and social issues are often characterized by deep and persistent polarization. In social psychology, it’s standard to treat belief polarization as the product of epistemic irrationality. In contrast, we argue that the persistent disagreement that grounds political and social polarization can be produced by epistemically rational agents, when those agents have limited cognitive resources. Using an agent-based model of group deliberation, we show that groups of deliberating agents using coherence-based strategies for managing their limited resources tend (...)
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  10.  15
    The Promise and Perils of Industry‐Funded Science.Bennett Holman & Kevin C. Elliott - 2018 - Philosophy Compass 13 (11):e12544.
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  11.  14
    Don’T Forget Forgetting: The Social Epistemic Importance of How We Forget.Daniel J. Singer, Aaron Bramson, Patrick Grim, Bennett Holman, Karen Kovaka, Jiin Jung & William J. Berger - forthcoming - Synthese:1-22.
    We motivate a picture of social epistemology that sees forgetting as subject to epistemic evaluation. Using computer simulations of a simple agent-based model, we show that how agents forget can have as large an impact on group epistemic outcomes as how they share information. But, how we forget, unlike how we form beliefs, isn’t typically taken to be the sort of thing that can be epistemically rational or justified. We consider what we take to be the most promising argument for (...)
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  12.  30
    Self-Correction in Science: Meta-Analysis, Bias and Social Structure.Justin P. Bruner & Bennett Holman - 2019 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 78:93-97.
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  13.  33
    Women Physicians' Narratives About Being in Ethically Difficult Care Situations in Paediatrics.V. Sørlie, A. Lindseth, G. Udén & A. Norberg - 2000 - Nursing Ethics 7 (1):47-62.
    This study is part of a comprehensive investigation of ethical thinking among male and female physicians and nurses. Nine women physicians with different levels of expertise, working in various wards in paediatric clinics at two of the university hospitals in Norway, narrated 37 stories about their experience of being in ethically difficult care situations. All of the interviewees’ narrations were concerned with problems relating to both action ethics and relation ethics. The main focus was on problems in a relation ethics (...)
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  14.  19
    Correction To: Rational Social and Political Polarization.Daniel J. Singer, Aaron Bramson, Patrick Grim, Bennett Holman, Jiin Jung, Karen Kovaka, Anika Ranginani & William J. Berger - 2019 - Philosophical Studies 176 (9):2269-2269.
    In the original publication of the article, the Acknowledgement section was inadvertently not included. The Acknowledgement is given in this Correction.
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  15. Dualism and Secondary Quality Eliminativism: Putting a New Spin on the Knowledge Argument.Emmett L. Holman - 2006 - Philosophical Studies 128 (2):229-256.
    Frank Jackson formulated his knowledge argument as an argument for dualism. In this paper I show how the argument can be modified to also establish the irreducibility of the secondary qualities to the properties of physical theory, and ultimately "secondary quality eliminativism"-the view that the secondary qualities are physically uninstantiated. In addition to being of interest in its own right, this new argument provides a perspective to better see that certain popular would-be refutations of the knowledge argument do not work. (...)
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  16.  34
    In Defense of Meta-Analysis.Bennett Holman - 2019 - Synthese 196 (8):3189-3211.
    Arguments that medical decision making should rely on a variety of evidence often begin from the claim that meta-analysis has been shown to be problematic. In this paper, I first examine Stegenga’s argument that meta-analysis requires multiple decisions and thus fails to provide an objective ground for medical decision making. Next, I examine three arguments from social epistemologists that contend that meta-analyses are systematically biased in ways not appreciated by standard epistemology. In most cases I show that critiques of meta-analysis (...)
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  17. Phenomenal Concepts as Bare Recognitional Concepts: Harder to Debunk Than You Thought, …but Still Possible.Emmett L. Holman - 2013 - Philosophical Studies 164 (3):807-827.
    A popular defense of physicalist theories of consciousness against anti-physicalist arguments invokes the existence of ‘phenomenal concepts’. These are concepts that designate conscious experiences from a first person perspective, and hence differ from physicalistic concepts; but not in a way that precludes co-referentiality with them. On one version of this strategy phenomenal concepts are seen as (1) type demonstratives that have (2) no mode of presentation. However, 2 is possible without 1-call this the ‘bare recognitional concept’ view-and I will argue (...)
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  18.  9
    Spectral Convergence in Tapping and Physiological Fluctuations: Coupling and Independence of 1/F Noise in the Central and Autonomic Nervous Systems.Lillian M. Rigoli, Daniel Holman, Michael J. Spivey & Christopher T. Kello - 2014 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 8.
  19. Panpsychism, Physicalism, Neutral Monism and the Russellian Theory of Mind.Emmett Holman - 2008 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 15 (5):48-67.
    As some see it, an impasse has been reached on the mind- body problem between mainstream physicalism and mainstream dualism. So lately another view has been gaining popularity, a view that might be called the 'Russellian theory of mind' (RTM) since it is inspired by some ideas once put forth by Bertrand Russell. Most versions of RTM are panpsychist, but there is at least one version that rejects panpsychism and styles itself as physicalism, and neutral monism is also a possibility. (...)
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  20.  18
    Why Most Sugar Pills Are Not Placebos.Bennett Holman - 2015 - Philosophy of Science 82 (5):1330-1343.
    The standard philosophical definition of placebos offered by Grünbaum is incompatible with Cartwright’s conception of randomized clinical trials. I offer a modified account of placebos that respects this role and clarifies why many current medical trials fail to warrant the conclusions they are typically seen as yielding. I then consider recent changes to guidelines for reporting medical trials and show that pessimism over parsing out the cause of “unblinding” is premature. Specifically, using a trial of antidepressants, I show how more (...)
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  21.  98
    Color Eliminativism and Color Experience.Emmett L. Holman - 2002 - Pacific Philosophical Quareterly 83 (1):38-56.
  22.  44
    In Search of the Uniquely Human.Tomasello Michael, Carpenter Malinda, Call Josep, Behne Tanya & Moll Henrike - 2005 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 28 (5):721-727.
    As Bruner so eloquently points out, and Gauvain echoes, human beings are unique in their “locality.” Individual groups of humans develop their own unique ways of symbolizing and doing things – and these can be very different from the ways of other groups, even those living quite nearby. Our attempt in the target article was to propose a theory of the social-cognitive and social-motivational bases of humans' ability and propensity to live in this local, that is, this cultural, way – (...)
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  23.  16
    Gender Differences in Moral Reasoning Among Physicians, Registered Nurses and Enrolled Nurses Engaged in Geriatric and Surgical Care.A. Norberg & G. Udén - 1995 - Nursing Ethics 2 (3):233-242.
    Physicians, registered nurses (RNs) and enrolled nurses (ENs) engaged in geriatric (n = 49) and surgical (n = 59) care at a large hospital in Sweden gave 180 accounts of morally difficult care episodes. In total, the ENs (n = 40) gave 78, the RNs (n = 38) 55 and the physicians (n = 30) 47 accounts; there were 83 from geriatric care and 97 from surgical care. Forty-nine participants were male, and 59 were female; there were no differences in (...)
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  24.  48
    Dualism and Secondary Quality Eliminativism.Emmett L. Holman - 2006 - Philosophical Studies 128 (2):229--56.
    Frank Jackson formulated his knowledge argument as an argument for dualism. In this paper I show how the argument can be modified to also establish the irreducibility of the secondary qualities to the properties of physical theory, and ultimately "secondary quality eliminativism"- the view that the secondary qualities are physically uninstantiated.
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  25.  7
    You Spin Me Right Round: Cross-Relationship Variability in Interpersonal Emotion Regulation.Karen Niven, Ian Macdonald & David Holman - 2012 - Frontiers in Psychology 3.
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  26.  5
    Becoming Popular: Interpersonal Emotion Regulation Predicts Relationship Formation in Real Life Social Networks.Karen Niven, David Garcia, Ilmo van der Löwe, David Holman & Warren Mansell - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  27.  6
    Representation of Morality in Children: A Qualitative Approach.Alexandra Maftei & Andrei Holman - forthcoming - Journal of Moral Education:1-15.
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  28.  5
    Color Eliminativism and Color Experience.Emmett L. Holman - 2002 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 83 (1):38-56.
  29.  75
    Dialectics and Distinction: Reconsidering Hannah Arendt's Critique of Marx.Christopher Holman - 2011 - Contemporary Political Theory 10 (3):332-353.
  30. Further on Necessity and Laws of Nature.F. G. Holman - 1997 - Cogito 11 (3):225-226.
  31.  16
    How Problematic is the Near-Euclidean Spatial Geometry of the Large-Scale Universe?M. Holman - 2018 - Foundations of Physics 48 (11):1617-1647.
    Modern observations based on general relativity indicate that the spatial geometry of the expanding, large-scale Universe is very nearly Euclidean. This basic empirical fact is at the core of the so-called “flatness problem”, which is widely perceived to be a major outstanding problem of modern cosmology and as such forms one of the prime motivations behind inflationary models. An inspection of the literature and some further critical reflection however quickly reveals that the typical formulation of this putative problem is fraught (...)
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  32. Maxwell and Materialism.Emmett L. Holman - 1986 - Synthese 66 (March):505-14.
    In a recent article, Grover Maxwell presents a case for a kind of mind-brain identity theory which he claims precludes materialism. His case is based on some views about meaning which I find plausible. However, I will argue that, by adopting certain assumptions about the nature of sensory experience, and extending some of Maxwell's views about meaning in a plausible way, the issue of a materialistic identity theory is reopened. Ultimately, I will agree that such a theory is not true, (...)
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  33.  19
    Machiavelli's Two Utopias.Christopher Holman - 2018 - Utopian Studies 29 (1):88.
    The field of contemporary utopian studies has long attempted to refute the view of the concept of utopia promulgated by certain of its critics who see in the utopian image a conceptual prefiguration of the political end of the totalitarian project.1 The utopian society is identified by these critics as one internally identical with itself, a society in which temporality and difference have been abolished through the integration of all its constituent parts in a harmonious whole whose fixity is reproduced (...)
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  34.  16
    Medical Knowledge in a Social World: Introduction to the Special Issue.Bennett Holman, Sven Bernecker & Luciana Garbayo - 2019 - Synthese 196 (11):4351-4361.
    Philosophy of medicine has traditionally examined two issues: the scientific ontology for medicine and the epistemic significance of the types of evidence used in medical research. In answering each question, philosophers have typically brought to bear tools from traditional analytic philosophy. In contrast, this volume explores medical knowledge from the perspective offered by social epistemology.While many of the same issues are addressed, the approach to these issues generates both fresh questions and new insights into old debates. In addition, the broader (...)
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  35.  39
    Machiavelli’s Philosophical Anthropology.Christopher Holman - 2016 - The European Legacy 21 (8):769-790.
    This article seeks to address a tension in contemporary scholarship regarding Machiavelli’s view of human nature. While it is common for readers to identify Machiavelli’s rejection of any foundational law that determines the structure of the world, it is just as common for them to abstract human nature from this world and thereby to posit a fixed human essence. Machiavelli is thus seen as an anti-essentialist when it comes to external nature and as an essentialist when it comes to internal (...)
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  36.  8
    Teaching and Learning Guide For: The Promise and Perils of Industry‐Funded Research.Bennett Holman & Kevin C. Elliott - 2018 - Philosophy Compass 13 (11):e12549.
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  37.  34
    Russia and Europe: The View From Oblomovka.Michael Holman - 1996 - The European Legacy 1 (4):1533-1538.
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  38.  15
    Pierre Clastres as Comparative Political Theorist: The Democratic Potential of the New Political Anthropology.Christopher Holman - 2017 - European Journal of Political Theory:147488511772977.
    This article examines the political anthropological work of Pierre Clastres in light of the emergence of the subfield of comparative political theory. In particular, it argues that Clastres’ recons...
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  39.  73
    Continuity and the Metaphysics of Dualism.Emmett L. Holman - 1984 - Philosophical Studies 45 (March):197-204.
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  40.  71
    Sensory Experience, Epistemic Evaluation and Perceptual Knowledge.Emmett L. Holman - 1975 - Philosophical Studies 28 (September):173-187.
  41.  50
    Qualia, Kripkean Arguments, and Subjectivity.Emmett L. Holman - 1987 - Philosophy Research Archives 13:411-29.
    The subjectivity of consciousness is widely regarded as a major stumbling block for materialist theories of mind. In this paper I show how Kripkean arguments against identity theories , and in particular a Kripkean argument against qualia-material property identity developed by Frank Jackson are a way of highlighting this problem. As such, Kripkean arguments are akin to recent discussions of subjectivity by Thomas Nagel and Frank Jackson . I then consider some recent attempts to refute Kripkean arguments or otherwise show (...)
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  42.  28
    Impersonating Priapus.James Uden - 2007 - American Journal of Philology 128 (1):01-26.
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  43.  42
    Is the Physical World Colourless?Emmett L. Holman - 1979 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 57 (4):295-304.
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  44.  28
    The Contest of Homer and Hesiod and the Ambitions of Hadrian.James Uden - 2010 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 130:121-135.
  45.  46
    Restrictive Materialism and the Propositional Attitudes.Bennett Holman - 2011 - Philosophia 39 (1):61-70.
    It has been argued that naturalizing the mind will result in the elimination of the ontology of folk psychology (e.g. beliefs and desires). This paper draws from a wide range of empirical literature, including from developmental and cross-cultural psychology, in building an argument for a position dubbed restrictive materialism . The position holds that while the ontology of folk psychology is overextended, there is a restricted domain in which the application of the folk ontology remains secure. From the evidence of (...)
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  46.  6
    Qualia, Kripkean Arguments, and Subjectivity.Emmett L. Holman - 1987 - Philosophy Research Archives 13:411-429.
    The subjectivity of consciousness is widely regarded as a major stumbling block for materialist theories of mind. In this paper I show how Kripkean arguments against identity theories, and in particular a Kripkean argument against qualia-material property identity developed by Frank Jackson are a way of highlighting this problem. As such, Kripkean arguments are akin to recent discussions of subjectivity by Thomas Nagel and Frank Jackson. I then consider some recent attempts to refute Kripkean arguments or otherwise show that subjectivity (...)
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  47.  39
    Sensory Experience, Perceptual Evidence and Conceptual Frameworks.Emmett L. Holman - 1977 - American Philosophical Quarterly 14 (2):99-108.
  48.  52
    The Problem of Theory-Laden Perception.Emmett L. Holman - 1979 - Philosophical Studies 35 (1):91 - 99.
  49.  3
    Retired Registered Nurses' Stories About Being in Ethically Difficult Care Situations.Eva Melchert, Gigi Udén & Astrid Norberg - 1997 - Nursing Ethics 4 (2):123-134.
    Twelve retired nurses were asked to narrate a care situation in which it had been difficult for them as nurses to know what was the right and good thing to do. The transcribed interviews were examined by content analyses. Physicians were the central coactors in the nurses’ stories. Colleagues were seldom mentioned. Other ward staff were mainly called ‘the girls’. The patient was central and referred to with respect. All the nurses focused on experiential learning. Guiding ethical principles are listed.
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  50.  7
    Overcoming Constraints to Effective Elementary Science Teaching.Kenneth Tobin, Carol Briscoe & Jere R. Holman - 1990 - Science Education 74 (4):409-420.
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