Results for 'Ted Swanson'

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  1.  8
    Inward, Outward, Upward Prayer and Big Five Personality Traits.Kevin L. Ladd, Meleah L. Ladd, Julie Harner, Ted Swanson, Tricia Metz, Kate St Pierre & Danielle Trnka - 2007 - Archive for the Psychology of Religion 29 (1):151-175.
    Personality and prayer are both conceptualized as focusing on issues of connectivity with the self and beyond. Individual participants each recruited a peer to join the study . Participants rated themselves according to multi-item scales that detail five personality factors . They also responded to an instrument specifying eight foci of the inward, outward, and upward cognitive content of prayer ; these eight foci were reduced to three prayer themes: internal concerns, embracing paradox, and bold assertion. Finally, respondents reported the (...)
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  2.  7
    Inward, Outward, Upward Prayer and Big Five Personality Traits.Julie Harner, Tricia Metz, Kevin Ladd, Kate St Pierre, Danielle Trnka, Meleah Ladd & Ted Swanson - 2007 - Archive for the Psychology of Religion 29 (1):151-175.
    Personality and prayer are both conceptualized as focusing on issues of connectivity with the self and beyond. Individual participants each recruited a peer to join the study . Participants rated themselves according to multi-item scales that detail five personality factors . They also responded to an instrument specifying eight foci of the inward, outward, and upward cognitive content of prayer ; these eight foci were reduced to three prayer themes: internal concerns, embracing paradox, and bold assertion. Finally, respondents reported the (...)
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  3.  47
    Critical Notice of Jason Stanley’s How Propaganda Works.Eric Swanson - 2017 - Mind 126 (503):937-947.
    © Swanson 2017How Propaganda Works is a brilliant, rich, and wide-ranging exploration of the interactions between ideology, inequality, democracy and propaganda. Read as a piece of analytic political philosophy, it is radical, arguing for bold theses about democracy: legitimate democratic deliberation, Stanley contends, requires not only political equality but also substantive material equality. Read as a piece of analytic epistemology and philosophy of language, it is more modest, but nevertheless very compelling, extending well-established work in fascinating but methodologically conservative (...)
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  4.  6
    Toward a Psychology of Metaphor.Don R. Swanson - 1978 - Critical Inquiry 5 (1):163-166.
    How and why does a metaphor work? What happens to us when we hear or read one? My guess is that a metaphor, because it is an erroneous statement, conflicts with our expectations. It releases, triggers, and stimulates our predisposition to detect error and to take corrective action. We do not dismiss or reject a metaphor as simply a false statement for we recognize it as a metaphor and know as [Donald] Davidson suggests that it alludes to something else that (...)
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  5.  41
    The Application of Constraint Semantics to the Language of Subjective Uncertainty.Eric Swanson - 2016 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 45 (2):121-146.
    This paper develops a compositional, type-driven constraint semantic theory for a fragment of the language of subjective uncertainty. In the particular application explored here, the interpretation function of constraint semantics yields not propositions but constraints on credal states as the semantic values of declarative sentences. Constraints are richer than propositions in that constraints can straightforwardly represent assessments of the probability that the world is one way rather than another. The richness of constraints helps us model communicative acts in essentially the (...)
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  6.  16
    The Buck Stops Here: Why Universities Must Reclaim Business Ethics Education. [REVIEW]Diane L. Swanson - 2004 - Journal of Academic Ethics 2 (1):43-61.
    Given the groundswell of corporate misconduct, the need for better business ethics education seems obvious. Yet many business schools continue to sidestep this responsibility, a policy tacitly approved by their accrediting agency, the Association to Advance Collegiate Schools of Business (AACSB). Some schools have even gone so far as to cut ethics courses in the wake of corporate scandals. In this essay I discuss some reasons for this failure of business school responsibility and argue that top university officials must go (...)
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  7. Lessons From The Context Sensitivity of Causal Talk.Eric Swanson - 2010 - Journal of Philosophy 107 (5):221-242.
  8. Interactions with Context.Eric Swanson - 2006 - Dissertation, MIT
    My dissertation asks how we affect conversational context and how it affects us when we participate in any conversation—including philosophical conversations. Chapter 1 argues that speakers make pragmatic presuppositions when they use proper names. I appeal to these presuppositions in giving a treatment of Frege’s puzzle that is consistent with the claim that coreferential proper names have the same semantic value. I outline an explanation of the way presupposition carrying expressions in general behave in belief ascriptions, and suggest that substitutivity (...)
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  9. On Scope Relations Between Quantifiers and Epistemic Modals.Eric Swanson - 2010 - Journal of Semantics 27 (4):529-540.
    This paper presents and discusses a range of counterexamples to the common view that quantifiers cannot take scope over epistemic modals. Some of the counterexamples raise problems for ‘force modifier’ theories of epistemic modals. Some of the counterexamples raise problems for Robert Stalnaker’s theory of counterfactuals, according to which a special kind of epistemic modal must be able to scope over a whole counterfactual. Finally, some of the counterexamples suggest that David Lewis must countenance ‘would’ counterfactuals in which a covert (...)
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  10. Modality in Language.Eric Swanson - 2008 - Philosophy Compass 3 (6):1193-1207.
    This article discusses some of the ways in which natural language can express modal information – information which is, to a first approximation, about what could be or must be the case, as opposed to being about what actually is the case. It motivates, explains, and raises problems for Angelika Kratzer's influential theory of modal auxiliaries, and introduces a new approach to one important debate about the relationships between modality, evidentiality, context change, and imperative force.
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  11.  63
    On the Treatment of Incomparability in Ordering Semantics and Premise Semantics.Eric Swanson - 2011 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 40 (6):693-713.
    In his original semantics for counterfactuals, David Lewis presupposed that the ordering of worlds relevant to the evaluation of a counterfactual admitted no incomparability between worlds. He later came to abandon this assumption. But the approach to incomparability he endorsed makes counterintuitive predictions about a class of examples circumscribed in this paper. The same underlying problem is present in the theories of modals and conditionals developed by Bas van Fraassen, Frank Veltman, and Angelika Kratzer. I show how to reformulate all (...)
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  12. On North's "The Structure of Physics".Noel Swanson & Hans Halvorson - manuscript
    Jill North argues that Hamiltonian mechanics provides the most spare -- and hence most accurate -- account of the structure of a classical world. We point out some difficulties for her argument, and raise some general points about attempts to minimize structural commitments.
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  13.  88
    How Not to Theorize About the Language of Subjective Uncertainty.Eric Swanson - 2009 - In Andy Egan & B. Weatherson (eds.), Epistemic Modality. Oxford University Press.
    A successful theory of the language of subjective uncertainty would meet several important constraints. First, it would explain how use of the language of subjective uncertainty affects addressees’ states of subjective uncertainty. Second, it would explain how such use affects what possibilities are treated as live for purposes of conversation. Third, it would accommodate 'quantifying in' to the scope of epistemic modals. Fourth, it would explain the norms governing the language of subjective uncertainty, and the differences between them and the (...)
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  14. Conditional Excluded Middle Without the Limit Assumption.Eric Swanson - 2012 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 85 (2):301-321.
  15.  89
    Subjunctive Biscuit and Stand-Off Conditionals.Eric Swanson - 2013 - Philosophical Studies 163 (3):637-648.
    Conventional wisdom has it that many intriguing features of indicative conditionals aren’t shared by subjunctive conditionals. Subjunctive morphology is common in discussions of wishes and wants, however, and conditionals are commonly used in such discussions as well. As a result such discussions are a good place to look for subjunctive conditionals that exhibit features usually associated with indicatives alone. Here I offer subjunctive versions of J. L. Austin’s ‘biscuit’ conditionals—e.g., “There are biscuits on the sideboard if you want them”—and subjunctive (...)
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  16.  87
    Structurally Defined Alternatives and Lexicalizations of XOR.Eric Swanson - 2010 - Linguistics and Philosophy 33 (1):31-36.
    In his recent paper on the symmetry problem Roni Katzir argues that the only relevant factor for the calculation of any Quantity implicature is syntactic structure. I first refute Katzir’s thesis with three examples that show that structural complexity is irrelevant to the calculation of some Quantity implicatures. I then argue that it is inadvisable to assume—as Katzir and others do—that exactly one factor is relevant to the calculation of any Quantity implicature.
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  17.  43
    Using the Implicit Association Test to Investigate Attitude-Behaviour Consistency for Stigmatised Behaviour.Jane E. Swanson, E. Swanson & Anthony G. Greenwald - 2001 - Cognition and Emotion 15 (2):207-230.
  18. A Footnote to Mrs. Lazerowitz on Wittgenstein.J. W. Swanson - 1959 - Journal of Philosophy 56 (16):678-679.
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  19. Business Ethics Education at Bay : Addressing a Crisis of Legitimacy.Diane L. Swanson - 2005 - In Sheb L. True, Linda Ferrell & O. C. Ferrell (eds.), Fulfilling Our Obligation: Perspectives on Teaching Business Ethics. Kennesaw State University.
     
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  20. The Conventionality of Parastatistics.David John Baker, Hans Halvorson & Noel Swanson - 2013 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science (4):axu018.
    Nature seems to be such that we can describe it accurately with quantum theories of bosons and fermions alone, without resort to parastatistics. This has been seen as a deep mystery: paraparticles make perfect physical sense, so why don’t we see them in nature? We consider one potential answer: every paraparticle theory is physically equivalent to some theory of bosons or fermions, making the absence of paraparticles in our theories a matter of convention rather than a mysterious empirical discovery. We (...)
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  21.  94
    Propositional Attitudes.Eric Swanson - 2010 - In Claudia Maienborn, Klaus von Heusinger & Paul Portner (eds.), Semantics: An International Handbook of Natural Language Meaning. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter (Draft -- Forthcoming).
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  22. Book Review: The Literature of Islam: A Guide to the Primary Sources In English Translation. [REVIEW]Mark N. Swanson - 2008 - Interpretation: A Journal of Bible and Theology 62 (2):203-204.
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  23.  93
    Book Review: Proclaiming the Gospel: First-Century Performance of Mark. [REVIEW]Richard Swanson - 2005 - Interpretation: A Journal of Bible and Theology 59 (4):430-430.
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  24. The Public and the Private in Aristotle's Political Philosophy.Judith A. Swanson - 1992 - Cornell University Press.
  25.  12
    Physicians' Quantitative Assessments of Medical Futility.S. V. McCrary, J. W. Swanson, S. J. Youngner, H. S. Perkins & W. J. Winslade - 1994 - Journal of Clinical Ethics 5 (2):100.
  26. Experience and Theory.L. Foster & J. W. Swanson (eds.) - 1970 - Humanities Press.
     
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  27. Denial in First Order Logic.J. W. Swanson - 1967 - Analysis 27 (5):171 - 173.
  28.  13
    A Critical Evaluation of Etzioni's Socioeconomic Theory: Implications for the Field of Business Ethics. [REVIEW]Diane Swanson - 1992 - Journal of Business Ethics 11 (7):545 - 553.
    Given the pervasive influence of neoclassical economic theory on the field of business, the opposition of the standard economists to the inclusion of moral factors in economic decisions provides an intellectual resistance to the ideas of many business ethicists. Etzioni (1988) offers a theoretical alternative to the neoclassical model, an alternative that includes a moral dimension. This article: (1) highlights the differences between Etzioni''s proposed model and the neoclassical economic paradigm; (2) describes and critically evaluates Etzioni''s proposed theory in view (...)
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  29. On Models.J. W. Swanson - 1966 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 17 (4):297-311.
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  30.  59
    Book Review: The New Testament with Imagination. [REVIEW]Richard W. Swanson - 2009 - Interpretation: A Journal of Bible and Theology 63 (1):92-92.
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  31.  47
    Fish Oil, Raynaud's Syndrome, and Undiscovered Public Knowledge.D. R. Swanson - 1986 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 30 (1):7-18.
  32.  33
    On the D-Thesis.J. W. Swanson - 1967 - Philosophy of Science 34 (1):59-68.
  33.  20
    Physicians' Legal Defensiveness in End-of-Life Treatment Decisions: Comparing Attitudes and Knowledge in States with Different Laws.S. V. McCrary, J. W. Swanson, J. Coulehan, K. Faber-Langendoen, R. S. Olick & C. Belling - 2006 - Journal of Clinical Ethics 17 (1):15.
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  34.  1
    Expertise and Error in Diagnostic Reasoning.Paul E. Johnson, Alica S. Duran, Frank Hassebrock, James Moller, Michael Prietula, Paul J. Feltovich & David B. Swanson - 1981 - Cognitive Science 5 (3):235-283.
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  35.  77
    Linguistic Relativity and Translation.J. W. Swanson - 1961 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 22 (2):185-192.
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  36.  33
    Book Review: Osamu Tezuka, Buda, Translated by Marc Bernabé and Verònica Calafell, and Osama Tezuka, Buddha. [REVIEW]Paul L. Swanson - 2004 - Japanese Journal of Religious Studies 31 (1):233-240.
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  37.  78
    An Unresolved Problem in Transformational Grammar.J. W. Swanson - 1969 - Journal of Philosophy 66 (5):124-131.
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  38.  18
    Treatment Decisions for Terminally Ill Patients: Physicians?Legal Defensiveness and Knowledge of Medical Law.S. McCrary, Jeffrey W. Swanson, Henry S. Perkins & William J. Winslade - 1992 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 20 (4):364-376.
  39.  65
    The Language of Causation.Eric Swanson - forthcoming - In Delia Graff Fara & Gillian Russell (eds.), The Routledge Companion to the Philosophy of Language. Routledge.
  40. The Medieval Foundations of John Lock's Theory of Natural Rights: Rights of Subsistence and the Principle of Extreme Necessity.Scott Swanson - 1997 - History of Political Thought 18 (3):399-459.
     
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  41.  72
    Constraint Semantics and its Application to Conditionals.Eric Swanson - manuscript
    We can think of ordinary truth-conditional semantics as giving us constraints on cognitive states. But constraints on cognitive states can be more complicated than simply believing a proposition. And we communicate more complicated constraints on cognitive states. We also communicate constraints that seem to bear on affective and conative states.
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  42.  32
    Doing All They Can: Physicians Who Deny Medical Futility.Jeffrey W. Swanson & S. McCrary - 1994 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 22 (4):318-326.
  43.  36
    Of Ghosts, Gauge Volumes, and Gauss's Law.Mark S. Swanson - 2000 - Foundations of Physics 30 (3):359-370.
    The relationship between the canonical operator and the path integral formulation of quantum electrodynamics is analyzed with a particular focus on the implementation of gauge constraints in the two approaches. The removal of gauge volumes in the path integral is shown to match with the presence of zero-norm ghost states associated with gauge transformations in the canonical operator approach. The path integrals for QED in both the Feynman and the temporal gauges are examined and several ways of implementing the gauge (...)
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  44.  34
    Casimir Energy in Astrophysics: Gamma-Ray Bursts From QED Vacuum Transitions. [REVIEW]Carl E. Carlson & Ian J. Swanson - 2000 - Foundations of Physics 30 (5):775-783.
    Motivated by analogous applications to sonoluminescence, neutron stars mergers are examined in the context of Schwinger's dynamical Casimir effect. When the dielectric properties of the QED vacuum are altered through the introduction of dense matter, energy shifts in the zero-point fluctuations can appear as photon bursts at gamma-ray frequencies. The amount of radiation depends upon the properties and amount of matter in motion and the suddenness of the transition. It is shown that the dynamical Casimir effect can convert sufficient energy (...)
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  45.  29
    On the Calculus Ratiocinator.J. W. Swanson - 1965 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 8 (1-4):315 – 331.
    The project, entertained by Leibniz and others, of creating an ideal language to facilitate ratiocination, is investigated in detail. Six possible relations between the ideal language (IL) and the natural language (NL) it replaces are studied. (1) IL says exactly what NL says, but says it much more clearly. (2) IL says exactly what NL says, but does so more economically. (3) IL says exactly what NL says, but does so more succinctly. (4) IL says part of what NL says, (...)
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  46.  65
    Pronouns and Complex Demonstratives.Eric Swanson - manuscript
    Until recently it was standard to think that all demonstratives are directly referential. This assumption has played important roles in work on perception, reference, mental content, and the nature of propositions. But Jeff King claims that demonstratives with a nominal complement (like ‘that dog’) are quantifiers, largely because there are cases in which the semantic value of such a “complex demonstrative” is not simply an object (2001). Although I agree with King that such cases preclude a directly referential, Kaplanian semantics (...)
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  47.  51
    Review of Reflections on Meaning, by Paul Horwich. [REVIEW]Eric Swanson - 2009 - Philosophical Review 118 (1):131-134.
    Reflections on Meaning refines Paul Horwich’s use theory of meaning. Horwich holds that the meaning of a word is constituted by the nonsemantic property that best explains a certain law. For a given word, the law to be explained governs that word’s use by specifying the “acceptance conditions” of a privileged class of sentences containing the word (26). Horwich devotes considerable energy to details in Reflections on Meaning and focuses on especially pressing problems for his use theory of meaning. As (...)
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  48.  44
    On a Problem of Nicod and Strawson.J. W. Swanson - 1967 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 28 (2):222-229.
  49.  57
    On the Kemeny-Oppenheim Treatment of Reduction.J. W. Swanson - 1962 - Philosophical Studies 13 (6):94-96.
  50.  13
    Information Processing as a Function of Speed Versus Accuracy.James M. Swanson & George E. Briggs - 1969 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 81 (2):223.
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