Results for 'Terrence Twomey'

437 found
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  1.  57
    How domesticating fire facilitated the evolution of human cooperation.Terrence Twomey - 2014 - Biology and Philosophy 29 (1):89-99.
    Controlled fire use by early humans could have facilitated the evolution of human cooperation. Individuals with regular access to the benefits of domestic fire would have been at an advantage over those with limited or no access. However, a campfire would have been relatively costly for an individual to maintain and open to free riders. By cooperating, individuals could have reduced maintenance costs, minimized free riding and lessened the risk of being without fire. Cooperators were more likely to survive and (...)
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  2. Emergence: The Hole at the Wheel's Hub.Terrence Deacon - 2006 - In Philip Clayton & Paul Davies (eds.), The re-emergence of emergence: the emergentist hypothesis from science to religion. New York: Oxford University Press.
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  3.  88
    Integrating business ethics into an undergraduate curriculum.Terrence R. Bishop - 1992 - Journal of Business Ethics 11 (4):291 - 299.
    The paper describes the approach by which ethics are integrated into the undergraduate curriculum at Northern Illinois University''s College of Business. Literature is reviewed to identify conceptual frameworks for, and issues associated with, the teaching of business ethics. From the review, a set of guidelines for teaching ethics is developed and proposed. The objectives and strategies implemented for teaching ethics is discussed. Foundation and follow-up coursework, measurement issues and ancillary programs are also discussed.
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  4. Theories of Probability.Terrence Fine - 1973 - Academic Press.
  5. Analytic moral functionalism meets moral twin earth.Terrence Horgan & Timmons & Mark - 2009 - In Ian Ravenscroft (ed.), Minds, Ethics, and Conditionals: Themes from the Philosophy of Frank Jackson. Oxford University Press.
     
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  6.  6
    Edith Stein: Prayer and interiority.Terrence C. Wright - 2005 - In Bruce Ellis Benson & Norman Wirzba (eds.), The phenomenology of prayer. New York: Fordham University Press. pp. 134-141.
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  7.  32
    A casebook of medical ethics.Terrence F. Ackerman - 1989 - New York: Oxford University Press. Edited by Carson Strong.
    Should a brain-dead woman be artificially maintained for the sake of her fetus? Does a physician have the right to administer a life-saving transfusion despite the patient's religious beliefs? Can a family request a hysterectomy for their retarded daughter? Physicians are facing moral dilemmas with increasing frequency. But how should these delicate questions be resolved and by whom? A Casebook of Medical Ethics offers a real-life view of the central issue involved in clinical medical ethics. Since the analysis of cases (...)
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  8.  39
    How Molecules Became Signs.Terrence W. Deacon - forthcoming - Biosemiotics:1-23.
    To explore how molecules became signs I will ask: “What sort of process is necessary and sufficient to treat a molecule as a sign?” This requires focusing on the interpreting system and its interpretive competence. To avoid assuming any properties that need to be explained I develop what I consider to be a simplest possible molecular model system which only assumes known physics and chemistry but nevertheless exemplifies the interpretive properties of interest. Three progressively more complex variants of this model (...)
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  9.  4
    Black Faith and the Ethics of Human Dignity in advance.Terrence L. Johnson - forthcoming - Journal of the Society of Christian Ethics.
    Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.’s theology and rights-based activism remain highly relevant in a constitutional democracy. However, King’s use of human dignity in his early sermons as an extension of political rights faces serious challenges from Black leftist political writers and the Black Lives Matter movement. At issue is the extent to which human dignity should be examined as a distinct political, aesthetic, and moral category that must be explored and embraced more explicitly and wholeheartedly in Black politics and political (...)
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  10. Phantasia and Error.Rosemary Twomey - 2022 - In Caleb Cohoe (ed.), Aristotle's on the Soul: A Critical Guide. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press.
     
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  11. Pythagorean Women and the Domestic as a Philosophical Topic.Rosemary Twomey - 2023 - In Katharine R. O'Reilly & Caterina Pellò (eds.), Ancient women philosophers: recovered ideas and new perspectives. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
     
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  12. Homonymy in Aristotle.Terrence Irwin - 1981 - Review of Metaphysics 34 (3):523 - 544.
    ARISTOTLE often claims that words are "homonymous" or "multivocal". He claims this about some of the crucial words and concepts of his own philosophy—"cause," "being," "one," "good," "justice," "friendship." Often he claims it with a polemical aim; other philosophers have wrongly overlooked homonymy and supposed that the same word is always said in the same way. Plato made this mistake; his accounts of being, good, and friendship are rejected because they neglect homonymy and multivocity. In Aristotle’s view Plato shared the (...)
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  13. Evaluating the pasadena, altadena, and st petersburg gambles.Terrence L. Fine - 2008 - Mind 117 (467):613-632.
    By recourse to the fundamentals of preference orderings and their numerical representations through linear utility, we address certain questions raised in Nover and Hájek 2004, Hájek and Nover 2006, and Colyvan 2006. In brief, the Pasadena and Altadena games are well-defined and can be assigned any finite utility values while remaining consistent with preferences between those games having well-defined finite expected value. This is also true for the St Petersburg game. Furthermore, the dominance claimed for the Altadena game over the (...)
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  14.  41
    Defeasibility modified.Terrence F. Ackerman - 1974 - Philosophical Studies 26 (5-6):431 - 435.
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  15.  69
    Large Language Models and the Reverse Turing Test.Terrence Sejnowski - 2023 - Neural Computation 35 (3):309–342.
    Large Language Models (LLMs) have been transformative. They are pre-trained foundational models that are self-supervised and can be adapted with fine tuning to a wide range of natural language tasks, each of which previously would have required a separate network model. This is one step closer to the extraordinary versatility of human language. GPT-3 and more recently LaMDA can carry on dialogs with humans on many topics after minimal priming with a few examples. However, there has been a wide range (...)
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  16.  76
    Plato and Davidson: Parts of the Soul and Weakness of Will.Terrence M. Penner - 1990 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 20 (sup1):35-74.
  17.  37
    What's on the Inside Counts: A Grounded Account of Concept Acquisition and Development.Serge Thill & Katherine E. Twomey - 2016 - Frontiers in Psychology 7.
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  18. The role of an ethicist in health care.Terrence F. Ackerman - 1987 - In Gary R. Anderson & Valerie A. Glesnes-Anderson (eds.), Health Care Ethics: A Guide for Decision Makers. Aspen Publishers. pp. 309--320.
     
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  19.  26
    Multilevel selection in a complex adaptive system: the problem of language origins.Terrence W. Deacon - 2003 - In Bruce H. Weber & David J. Depew (eds.), Evolution and Learning: The Baldwin Effect Reconsidered. MIT Press. pp. 81--106.
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  20.  98
    The hierarchic logic of emergence: Untangling the interdependence of evolution and self-organization.Terrence W. Deacon - 2003 - In Bruce H. Weber & David J. Depew (eds.), Evolution and Learning: The Baldwin Effect Reconsidered. MIT Press. pp. 273--308.
  21. Moral duties of parents and nontherapeutic clinical research procedures involving children.Terrence F. Ackerman - 1980 - Journal of Medical Humanities 2 (2):94-111.
    Shared views regarding the moral respect which is owed to children in family life are used as a guide in determining the moral permissibility of nontherapeutic clinical research procedures involving children. The comparison suggests that it is not appropriate to seek assent from the preadolescent child. The analogy with interventions used in family life is similarly employed to specify the permissible limit of risk to which children may be exposed in nontherapeutic research procedures. The analysis indicates that recent writers misconceive (...)
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  22.  51
    An ethical framework for the practice of paying research subjects.Terrence F. Ackerman - 1988 - IRB: Ethics & Human Research 11 (4):1-4.
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  23.  90
    “Saying what we Mean: An Argument against Expressivism.Terrence Cuneo - 2006 - Oxford Studies in Metaethics 1:35-71.
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  24. Conceptualizing the role of the ethics consultant: some theoretical issues.Terrence F. Ackerman - 1989 - In John C. Fletcher, Norman Quist & Albert R. Jonsen (eds.), Ethics Consultation in Health Care. Health Administration Press. pp. 37--52.
     
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  25. Plato and Davidson: Parts of the Soul and Weakness of Will.Terrence M. Penner - 1990 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy, Supplementary Volume 16:35.
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  26. Emergence: The hole at the wheel's Hub.Terrence Deacon - 2006 - In Philip Clayton & Paul Davies (eds.), The re-emergence of emergence: the emergentist hypothesis from science to religion. New York: Oxford University Press. pp. 111--50.
     
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  27.  65
    Plato and Davidson.Terrence M. Penner - 1990 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 20 (Supplement):35-74.
  28.  27
    Computational neuroscience.Terrence J. Sejnowski - 1986 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 9 (1):104-105.
  29. Three levels of emergent phenomena.Terrence Deacon - 2007 - In Nancey C. Murphy & William R. Stoeger (eds.), Evolution and emergence: systems, organisms, persons. New York: Oxford University Press. pp. 88--110.
  30.  35
    Reconsidering Darwin’s “Several Powers”.Terrence W. Deacon - 2016 - Biosemiotics 9 (1):121-128.
    Contemporary textbooks often define evolution in terms of the replication, mutation, and selective retention of DNA sequences, ignoring the contribution of the physical processes involved. In the closing line of The Origin of Species, however, Darwin recognized that natural selection depends on prior more basic living functions, which he merely described as life’s “several powers.” For Darwin these involved the organism’s capacity to maintain itself and to reproduce offspring that preserve its critical functional organization. In modern terms we have come (...)
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  31.  3
    Exceptional leadership: why presidents from diverse backgrounds are what American higher education needs most.Terrence J. MacTaggart - 2024 - Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. Edited by Eileen Wilson-Oyelaran & Daniel R. Porterfield.
    This book provides a fresh perspective on what it takes to be a successful and effective leader in higher education.
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  32. Clinical Medical Ethics: Exploration and Assessment.Terrence F. Ackerman, Glenn C. Graber, Charles H. Reynolds & David C. Thomasma - 1988 - Journal of Religious Ethics 16 (1):190-191.
     
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  33.  59
    Disability and Resurrection Identity.Terrence Ehrman - 2015 - New Blackfriars 96 (1066):723-738.
    Christian hope of resurrection requires that the one raised be the same person who died. Philosophers and theologians alike seek to understand the coherence of bodily resurrection and what accounts for numerical identity between the earthly and risen person. I address this question from the perspective of disability. Is a person with a disability raised in the age to come with that disability? Many theologians argue that disability is essential to one's identity such that it could not be eliminated in (...)
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  34. Why Doctors Should Intervene.Terrence F. Ackerman - 1982 - Hastings Center Report 12 (4):14-17.
  35.  20
    Sporting Practice Protection and Vulgar Ethnocentricity: Why Won't Morgan Go All the Way?Terrence J. Roberts - 1998 - Journal of the Philosophy of Sport 25 (1):71-81.
  36.  23
    The aesthetic faculty.Terrence Deacon - 2006 - In Mark Turner (ed.), The Artful Mind: Cognitive Science and the Riddle of Human Creativity. Oup Usa. pp. 21--53.
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  37. Medical ethics and the two dogmas of liberalism.Terrence F. Ackerman - 1984 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 5 (1).
    Two dogmas of liberalism in the therapeutic setting are challenged: (1) that patients have a ready-made ability to act autonomously; and (2) that non-intervention by physicians is the best strategy for protecting the autonomy of patients. Recognition of the impact of illness upon autonomous behavior forms the basis of this challenge. It is suggested that autonomy is better conceived as a process of personal growth by which patients become better able to overcome the disruptive effects of illness. The physician is (...)
     
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  38.  49
    Moral absolutism and abortion: Alan Donagan on the hysterectomy and craniotomy cases.Terrence Reynolds - 1985 - Ethics 95 (4):866-873.
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  39. Method Divorced from Content in Theology? An Assessment of Lonergan's «Method in Theology».Terrence Reynolds - 1991 - The Thomist 55 (2):245-269.
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  40.  9
    The Coherence of Life Without God Before God: The Problem of Earthly Desires in the Later Theology of Dietrich Bonhoeffer.Terrence Paul Reynolds - 1988 - Upa.
    In his Letters and Papers from Prison, Dietrich Bonhoeffer urges Christians to feel their longings for earthly realities to the fullest, and argues that such yearnings strengthen faith. This issue has been overlooked by Bonhoeffer scholars, despite its central place in the Letters; this study seeks to correct that oversight. Through a selective, chronological analysis of the Ethics, this text shows Bonhoeffer progressively developing a positive view of the natural and of fallen life which undergirds his later encouragement of secular (...)
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  41.  6
    Two mcfagues: Meaning, truth, and justification in models of God.Terrence Reynolds - 1995 - Modern Theology 11 (3):289-313.
  42.  19
    Professional Ethics: A Trust-Based Approach.Terrence M. Kelly - 2018 - Lanham: Lexington Books.
    Professional Ethics: A Trust-Based Approach explores the unique nature of professional duty and virtue in light of the trust that professionals must invite, develop, and honor from those they intend to serve.
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  43.  31
    Prefrontal cortex and symbol learning: Why a brain capable of language evolved only once.Terrence W. Deacon - 1996 - In B. Velichkovsky & Duane M. Rumbaugh (eds.), Communicating Meaning: The Evolution and Development of Language. Hillsdale, Nj: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates. pp. 103--138.
  44.  16
    Exercise Performance and Corticospinal Excitability during Action Observation.James G. Wrightson, Rosie Twomey & Nicholas J. Smeeton - 2016 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 10.
  45.  3
    Mathematical Alternatives to Standard Probability that Provide Selectable Degrees of Precision.Terrence Fine - 2016 - In Alan Hájek & Christopher Hitchcock (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Probability and Philosophy. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
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  46.  58
    Reciprocal Linkage between Self-organizing Processes is Sufficient for Self-reproduction and Evolvability.Terrence W. Deacon - 2006 - Biological Theory 1 (2):136-149.
    A simple molecular system is described consisting of the reciprocal linkage between an autocatalytic cycle and a self-assembling encapsulation process where the molecular constituents for the capsule are products of the autocatalysis. In a molecular environment sufficiently rich in the substrates, capsule growth will also occur with high predictability. Growth to closure will be most probable in the vicinity of the most prolific autocatalysis and will thus tend to spontaneously enclose supportive catalysts within the capsule interior. If subsequently disrupted in (...)
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  47.  6
    Teaching "Lead in the Environment".Terrence Gavin & Robert Novak - 1988 - Bulletin of Science, Technology and Society 8 (4):424-426.
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  48.  16
    The Emergence of Probability. [REVIEW]Terrence L. Fine - 1978 - Philosophical Review 87 (1):116.
  49.  70
    Why a brain capable of language evolved only once: Prefrontal cortex and symbol learning.Terrence W. Deacon - 1996 - Zygon 31 (4):635-670.
    Language and information processes are critical issues in scientific controversies regarding the qualities that epitomize humanness. Whereas some theorists claim human mental uniqueness with regard to language, others point to successes in teaching language skills to other animals. However, although these animals may learn names for things, they show little ability to utilize a complex framework of symbolic reference. In such a framework, words or other symbols refer not only to objects and concepts but also to sequential and hierarchical relationships (...)
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  50. Non-governmental organizations, shareholder activism, and socially responsible investments: Ethical, strategic, and governance implications. [REVIEW]Terrence Guay, Jonathan P. Doh & Graham Sinclair - 2004 - Journal of Business Ethics 52 (1):125-139.
    In this article, we document the growing influence of non-governmental organizations (NGOs) in the realm of socially responsible investing (SRI). Drawing from ethical and economic perspectives on stakeholder management and agency theory, we develop a framework to understand how and when NGOs will be most influential in shaping the ethical and social responsibility orientations of business using the emergence of SRI as the primary influencing vehicle. We find that NGOs have opportunities to influence corporate conduct via direct, indirect, and interactive (...)
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