Results for 'Tetsuya Asai'

171 found
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  1.  10
    Protocomputing Architecture Over a Digital Medium Aiming at Real-Time Video Processing.Aoi Tanibata, Alexandre Schmid, Shinya Takamaeda-Yamazaki, Masayuki Ikebe, Masato Motomura & Tetsuya Asai - 2018 - Complexity 2018:1-11.
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  2. Commentary by Atsushi Asai & Takuro Shimbo.Atsushi Asai & Takuro Shimbo - 1998 - Eubios Journal of Asian and International Bioethics 8 (4):106-106.
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  3. Commentary by Atsushi Asai.Atsushi Asai - 2002 - Eubios Journal of Asian and International Bioethics 12 (1):23-24.
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  4. Commentary By Atsushi Asai.Atsushi Asai - 1997 - Eubios Journal of Asian and International Bioethics 7 (4):107-107.
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  5. Snowden’s Revelations and the Attitudes of Students at Swedish Universities.Iordanis Kavathatzopoulos, Ryoko Asai, Andrew A. Adams & Kiyoshi Murata - 2017 - Journal of Information, Communication and Ethics in Society 15 (3):247-264.
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  6.  54
    Rubber Hand Illusion, Empathy, and Schizotypal Experiences in Terms of Self-Other Representations.Tomohisa Asai, Zhu Mao, Eriko Sugimori & Yoshihiko Tanno - 2011 - Consciousness and Cognition 20 (4):1744-1750.
    When participants observed a rubber hand being touched, their sense of touch was activated . While this illusion might be caused by multi-modal integration, it may also be related to empathic function, which enables us to simulate the observed information. We examined individual differences in the RHI, including empathic and schizotypal personality traits, as previous research had suggested that schizophrenic patients would be more subject to the RHI. The results indicated that people who experience a stronger RHI might have stronger (...)
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  7.  11
    Agency Over a Phantom Limb and Electromyographic Activity on the Stump Depend on Visuomotor Synchrony: A Case Study.Shu Imaizumi, Tomohisa Asai, Noriaki Kanayama, Mitsuru Kawamura & Shinichi Koyama - 2014 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 8.
  8.  20
    A Report on Small Team Clinical Ethics Consultation Programmes in Japan.M. Fukuyama, A. Asai, K. Itai & S. Bito - 2008 - Journal of Medical Ethics 34 (12):858-862.
    Clinical ethics support, including ethics consultation, has become established in the field of medical practice throughout the world. This practice has been regarded as useful, most notably in the UK and the USA, in solving ethical problems encountered by both medical practitioners and those who receive medical treatment. In Japan, however, few services are available to respond to everyday clinical ethical issues, although a variety of difficult ethical problems arise daily in the medical field: termination of life support, euthanasia and (...)
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  9.  35
    Voluntary Active Euthanasia and the Nurse: A Comparison of Japanese and Australian Nurses.Noritoshi Tanida, Atsushi Asai, Motoki Ohnishi, Shizuko K. Nagata, Tsuguya Fukui, Yasuji Yamazaki & Helga Kuhse - 2002 - Nursing Ethics 9 (3):313-322.
    Although euthanasia has been a pressing ethical and public issue, empirical data are lacking in Japan. We aimed to explore Japanese nurses’ attitudes to patients’ requests for euthanasia and to estimate the proportion of nurses who have taken active steps to hasten death. A postal survey was conducted between October and December 1999 among all nurse members of the Japanese Association of Palliative Medicine, using a self-administered questionnaire based on the one used in a previous survey with Australian nurses in (...)
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  10.  22
    Sense of Agency Over Thought: External Misattribution of Thought in a Memory Task and Proneness to Auditory Hallucination.Eriko Sugimori, Tomohisa Asai & Yoshihiko Tanno - 2011 - Consciousness and Cognition 20 (3):688-695.
    Previous studies have suggested that auditory hallucination is closely related to thought insertion. In this study, we investigated the relationship between the external misattribution of thought and auditory hallucination-like experiences. We used the AHES-17, which measures auditory hallucination-like experiences in normal, healthy people, and the Deese–Roediger–McDermott paradigm, in which false alarms of critical lure are regarded as spontaneous external misattribution of thought. We found that critical lures elicited increased the number of false alarms as AHES-17 scores increased and that scores (...)
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  11.  44
    Doctors' and Nurses' Attitudes Towards and Experiences of Voluntary Euthanasia: Survey of Members of the Japanese Association of Palliative Medicine.Atsushi Asai, Motoki Ohnishi, Shizuko K. Nagata, Noritoshi Tanida & Yasuji Yamazaki - 2001 - Journal of Medical Ethics 27 (5):324-330.
    Objective—To demonstrate Japanese doctors' and nurses' attitudes towards and practices of voluntary euthanasia (VE) and to compare their attitudes and practices in this regard. Design—Postal survey, conducted between October and December 1999, using a self-administered questionnaire.Participants—All doctor members and nurse members of the Japanese Association of Palliative Medicine.Main outcome measure—Doctors' and nurses' attitude towards and practices of VE.Results—We received 366 completed questionnaires from 642 doctors surveyed (response rate, 58%) and 145 from 217 nurses surveyed (68%). A total of 54% (95% (...)
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  12.  11
    Embodied Prosthetic Arm Stabilizes Body Posture, While Unembodied One Perturbs It.Shu Imaizumi, Tomohisa Asai & Shinichi Koyama - 2016 - Consciousness and Cognition 45:75-88.
  13.  78
    Arguments Against Promoting Organ Transplants From Brain-Dead Donors, and Views of Contemporary Japanese on Life and Death.Atsushi Asai, Yasuhiro Kadooka & Kuniko Aizawa - 2012 - Bioethics 26 (4):215-223.
    As of 2009, the number of donors in Japan is the lowest among developed countries. On July 13, 2009, Japan's Organ Transplant Law was revised for the first time in 12 years. The revised and old laws differ greatly on four primary points: the definition of death, age requirements for donors, requirements for brain- death determination and organ extraction, and the appropriateness of priority transplants for relatives.In the four months of deliberations in the National Diet before the new law was (...)
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  14. Medical Decisions Concerning the End of Life: A Discussion with Japanese Physicians.A. Asai, S. Fukuhara, O. Inoshita, Y. Miura, N. Tanabe & K. Kurokawa - 1997 - Journal of Medical Ethics 23 (5):323-327.
    OBJECTIVES: Life-sustaining treatment at the end of life gives rise to many ethical problems in Japan. Recent surveys of Japanese physicians suggested that they tend to treat terminally ill patients aggressively. We studied why Japanese physicians were reluctant to withhold or withdraw life-support from terminally ill patients and what affected their decisions. DESIGN AND PARTICIPANTS: A qualitative study design was employed, using a focus group interview with seven physicians, to gain an in-depth understanding of attitudes and rationales in Japan regarding (...)
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  15.  77
    Experts' Attitudes Towards Medical Futility: An Empirical Survey From Japan. [REVIEW]Alireza Bagheri, Atsushi Asai & Ryuichi Ida - 2006 - BMC Medical Ethics 7 (1):1-7.
    BackgroundThe current debate about medical futility is mostly driven by theoretical and personal perspectives and there is a lack of empirical data to document experts and public attitudes towards medical futility.MethodsTo examine the attitudes of the Japanese experts in the fields relevant to medical futility a questionnaire survey was conducted among the members of the Japan Association for Bioethics. A total number of 108 questionnaires returned filled in, giving a response rate of 50.9%. Among the respondents 62% were healthcare professionals (...)
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  16.  42
    Can Physicians' Judgments of Futility Be Accepted by Patients?: A Comparative Survey of Japanese Physicians and Laypeople.Yasuhiro Kadooka, Atsushi Asai & Seiji Bito - 2012 - BMC Medical Ethics 13 (1):7.
    Back groundEmpirical surveys about medical futility are scarce relative to its theoretical assumptions. We aimed to evaluate the difference of attitudes between laypeople and physicians towards the issue.MethodsA questionnaire survey was designed. Japanese laypeople (via Internet) and physicians with various specialties (via paper-and-pencil questionnaire) were asked about whether they would provide potentially futile treatments for end-of-life patients in vignettes, important factors for judging a certain treatment futile, and threshold of quantitative futility which reflects the numerical probability that an act will (...)
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  17.  10
    Agency Over Phantom Limb Enhanced by Short-Term Mirror Therapy.Shu Imaizumi, Tomohisa Asai & Shinichi Koyama - 2017 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 11.
  18.  56
    Survey of Japanese Physicians' Attitudes Towards the Care of Adult Patients in Persistent Vegetative State.A. Asai, M. Maekawa, I. Akiguchi, T. Fukui, Y. Miura, N. Tanabe & S. Fukuhara - 1999 - Journal of Medical Ethics 25 (4):302-308.
  19.  22
    Contemporary Issues Concerning Informed Consent in Japan Based on a Review of Court Decisions and Characteristics of Japanese Culture.Sakiko Masaki, Hiroko Ishimoto & Atsushi Asai - 2014 - BMC Medical Ethics 15 (1):8.
    Since Japan adopted the concept of informed consent from the West, its inappropriate acquisition from patients in the Japanese clinical setting has continued, due in part to cultural aspects. Here, we discuss the current status of and contemporary issues surrounding informed consent in Japan, and how these are influenced by Japanese culture.
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  20.  5
    My Action Lasts Longer: Potential Link Between Subjective Time and Agency During Voluntary Action.Shu Imaizumi & Tomohisa Asai - 2017 - Consciousness and Cognition 51:243-257.
  21.  22
    Ethical Obligations in the Face of Dilemmas Concerning Patient Privacy and Public Interests: The Sasebo Schoolgirl Murder Case.Yasuhiro Kadooka, Taketoshi Okita & Atsushi Asai - 2016 - Bioethics 30 (7):520-527.
    A murder case that had some features in common with the Tarasoff case occurred in Sasebo City, Japan, in 2014. A 15-year-old high school girl was murdered and her 16-year-old classmate was arrested on suspicion of homicide. One and a half months before the murder, a psychiatrist who had been examining the girl called a prefectural child consultation centre to warn that she might commit murder, but he did not reveal her name, considering it his professional duty to keep it (...)
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  22. Reexamination of the Ethics of Placebo Use in Clinical Practice.Atsushi Asai & Yasuhiro Kadooka - 2013 - Bioethics 27 (4):186-193.
    A placebo is a substance or intervention believed to be inactive, but is administered by the healthcare professional as if it was an active medication. Unlike standard treatments, clinical use of placebo usually involves deception and is therefore ethically problematic. Our attitudes toward the clinical use of placebo, which inevitably includes deception or withholding information, have a tremendous effect on our practice regarding truth-telling and informed consent. A casual attitude towards it weakens the current practice based on shared decision-making and (...)
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  23.  32
    Focus Group Interviews Examining Attitudes Towards Medical Research Among the Japanese: A Qualitative Study.Atsushi Asai, Motoki Ohnishi, Etsuyo Nishigaki, Miho Sekimoto, Shunichi Fukuhara & Tsuguya Fukui - 2004 - Bioethics 18 (5):448–470.
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  24. Japanese Healthcare Workers‟ Attitudes Towards Administering Futile Treatments: A Preliminary Interview-Based Study.Yasuhiro Kadooka, A. Asai, K. Aizawa & S. Bito - 2011 - Eubios Journal of Asian and International Bioethics 21 (4):131-135.
    In Japan, few studies and ethical debates have addressed medical futility, but articles suggesting the practice of such treatment exist. The present study aimed to explore attitudes about this by examining personal practical experiences of those who have been involved in judging treatments as futile. We employed a qualitative descriptive design with content analysis of semi-structured and focus group interviews with 11 Japanese physicians and 9 nurses of a university hospital in Japan. The interviews mined their practical experience to identify (...)
     
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  25.  12
    The Potential Link Between Sense of Agency and Output Monitoring Over Speech.Eriko Sugimori, Tomohisa Asai & Yoshihiko Tanno - 2013 - Consciousness and Cognition 22 (1):360-374.
    We investigated output-monitoring errors over speech based on findings in the research on the sense of agency. Several words were presented one-by-one, and we asked participants to say the word aloud, mouth the word, or imagine saying the word aloud. Later, participants were asked whether each word was said aloud. We found that the “said aloud” response was higher for generated words than that for observed words; it was decreased when the pitch of the feedback was lowered but still higher (...)
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  26.  8
    External Misattribution of Internal Thoughts and Proneness to Auditory Hallucinations: The Effect of Emotional Valence in the Deese–Roediger–McDermott Paradigm.Mari Kanemoto, Tomohisa Asai, Eriko Sugimori & Yoshihiko Tanno - 2013 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 7.
  27. Death with Dignity is Impossible in Contemporary Japan: Considering Patient Peace of Mind in End-of-Life Care.A. Asai, K. Aizawa, Y. Kadooka & N. Tanida - 2012 - Eubios Journal of Asian and International Bioethics 22 (2):49-52.
    Currently in Japan, it is extremely difficult to realize the basic wish of protecting personal dignity at the end of life. A patient’s right to refuse life-sustaining treatment has not been substantially warranted, and advance directives have not been legally enforceable. Unfortunately, it is not until the patient is moribund that all concerned parties start to deliberate on whether or not death with dignity should be pursued. Medical intervention is often perceived as a worthwhile goal to not only preserve life, (...)
     
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  28.  23
    The Process of Whistleblowing in a Japanese Psychiatric Hospital.Kayoko Ohnishi, Yumiko Hayama, Atsushi Asai & Shinji Kosugi - 2008 - Nursing Ethics 15 (5):631-642.
    This study aims to unveil the process of whistleblowing. Two nursing staff members who worked in a psychiatric hospital convicted of large-scale wrongdoing were interviewed. Data were analyzed using a modified grounded theory approach. Analysis of the interviews demonstrated that they did not decide to whistleblow when they were suspicious or had an awareness of wrongdoing. They continued to work, driven by appreciation, affection, and a sense of duty. Their decision to whistleblow was ultimately motivated by firm conviction. Shortly after (...)
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  29.  9
    The Body Knows What It Should Do: Automatic Motor Compensation for Illusory Heaviness Contagion.Tomohisa Asai, Eriko Sugimori & Yoshihiko Tanno - 2012 - Frontiers in Psychology 3.
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  30.  18
    Feedback Control of One’s Own Action: Self-Other Sensory Attribution in Motor Control.Tomohisa Asai - 2015 - Consciousness and Cognition 38:118-129.
  31.  12
    Matters to Address Prior to Introducing New Life Support Technology in Japan: Three Serious Ethical Concerns Related to the Use of Left Ventricular Assist Devices as Destination Therapy and Suggested Policies to Deal with Them.Atsushi Asai, Sakiko Masaki, Taketoshi Okita, Aya Enzo & Yasuhiro Kadooka - 2018 - BMC Medical Ethics 19 (1):1-8.
    Background Destination therapy is the permanent implantation of a left ventricular assist device in patients with end-stage, severe heart failure who are ineligible for heart transplantation. DT improves both the quality of life and prognosis of patients with end-stage heart failure. However, there are also downsides to DT such as life-threatening complications and the potential for the patient to live beyond their desired length of life following such major complications. Because of deeply ingrained cultural and religious beliefs regarding death and (...)
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  32.  7
    Touching! An Augmented Reality System for Unveiling Face Topography in Very Young Children.Michiko Miyazaki, Tomohisa Asai & Ryoko Mugitani - 2019 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 13.
  33.  5
    Corrigendum: Touching! An Augmented Reality System for Unveiling Face Topography in Very Young Children.Michiko Miyazaki, Tomohisa Asai & Ryoko Mugitani - 2019 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 13.
  34.  17
    A Comparative Survey on Potentially Futile Treatments Between Japanese Nurses and Laypeople.Y. Kadooka, A. Asai, M. Fukuyama & S. Bito - 2014 - Nursing Ethics 21 (1):64-75.
  35.  9
    A Valuable Up-to-Date Compendium of Bioethical Knowledge.Atsushi Asai & Sachi Oe - 2005 - Developing World Bioethics 5 (3):216-219.
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  36. Self-Determination of Death in Japan: A Review & Discussion.Atsushi Asai & Sayaka Sakamoto - 2007 - Eubios Journal of Asian and International Bioethics 17 (2):35-40.
    Self-determination is a central concept in the field of bioethics and the most critical decision among the myriad of decisions concerning medical care is the decision to choose to die; “self-determination of death.” The purpose of this paper is to clarify the basic positions on self-determination of death held by present Japanese people and we tentatively sorted these positions into 10 arguments. We discuss the problems and implications of these positions revealed within our present review and conclude that a society (...)
     
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  37.  17
    What Deserves Our Respect? Reexamination of Respect for Autonomy in the Context of the Management of Chronic Conditions.Aya Enzo, Taketoshi Okita & Atsushi Asai - 2019 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 22 (1):85-94.
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  38.  96
    Ethical Reflections on the Thoughts and Lives of Kurosawa's Doctors.A. Asai, S. Maki & Y. Kadooka - 2012 - Medical Humanities 38 (1):38-43.
    The year 2010 marked the centenary of the birth of Akira Kurosawa (1910–1998), whose works have been reassessed favourably in the last couple of years in Japan. During his lifetime, Kurosawa directed and produced three films whose chief characters are medical doctors: Drunken Angel (1948), The Quiet Duel (1949) and Red Beard (1965). This paper discusses these three films and examines the thoughts and lives of the three protagonists from the perspective of modern medical ethics. The films depict contemporary ethical (...)
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  39. Should Japan Abolish the Death Penalty? No Definite Answer Exists Yet.Sakiko Maki & Atsushi Asai - 2012 - Eubios Journal of Asian and International Bioethics 22 (1):27-32.
    How should the Japanese death penalty system stand in the future? While banning the death penalty has become a global trend, Japanese public opinion still supports it, and the government continues to strongly insist retention of the system. Despite worldwide criticism towards Japanese opinion, until very recently have been no reductions in death penalty sentences or executions. Both abolitionist and retentionist countries have strong arguments to support their opinions, thus there is no decisive argument that overwhelmingly refutes others. Consideration for (...)
     
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  40.  13
    A Critical Discussion of Arguments Against the Introduction of a Two-Tier Healthcare System in Japan.Atsushi Asai, Taketoshi Okita, Masashi Tanaka & Yasuhiro Kadooka - 2017 - Asian Bioethics Review 9 (3):171-181.
    In medical ethics, an appropriate national healthcare system that meets the requirements of justice in healthcare resource allocation is a major concern. Japan is no exception to this trend, and the pros and cons of introducing a two-tier healthcare system, which permits insured medical care services to be provided along with services not covered by social health insurance, have been the subject of debate for many years. The Supreme Court ruled in 2011 that it was valid for the government to (...)
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  41.  28
    Attitudes and Behaviors of Japanese Physicians Concerning Withholding and Withdrawal of Life-Sustaining Treatment for End-of-Life Patients: Results From an Internet Survey.Seiji Bito & Atsushi Asai - 2007 - BMC Medical Ethics 8 (1):1-9.
    Background Evidence concerning how Japanese physicians think and behave in specific clinical situations that involve withholding or withdrawal of medical interventions for end-of-life or frail elderly patients is yet insufficient. Methods To analyze decisions and actions concerning the withholding/withdrawal of life-support care by Japanese physicians, we conducted cross-sectional web-based internet survey presenting three scenarios involving an elderly comatose patient following a severe stroke. Volunteer physicians were recruited for the survey through mailing lists and medical journals. The respondents answered questions concerning (...)
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  42.  3
    Discovery of Regularized Areas with Maximal Confidence From Location Data.Hiroya Inakoshi, Tatsuya Asai, Takuya Kida & Hiroki Arimura - 2019 - Transactions of the Japanese Society for Artificial Intelligence 34 (3):D-I56_1-10.
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  43.  25
    Choices of Japanese Patients in the Face of Disagreement.Atsushi Asai, Minako Kishino, Tsuguya Fukui, Masahiko Sakai, Masako Yokota, Kazumi Nakata, Sumiko Sasakabe, Kiyomi Sawada & Fumie Kaiji - 1998 - Bioethics 12 (2):162–172.
  44.  28
    Comparison of Ethical Judgments Exhibited by Clients and Ethics Consultants in Japan.Noriko Nagao, Yasuhiro Kadooka & Atsushi Asai - 2014 - BMC Medical Ethics 15 (1):19.
    Healthcare professionals must make decisions for patients based on ethical considerations. However, they rely on clinical ethics consultations (CEC) to review ethical justifications of their decisions. CEC consultants support the cases reviewed and guide medical care. When both healthcare professionals and CEC consultants face ethical problems in medical care, how is their judgment derived? How do medical judgments differ from the ethical considerations of CECs? This study examines CECs in Japan to identify differences in the ethical judgment of clients and (...)
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  45.  16
    Subjectivity of the Anomalous Sense of Self Is Represented in Gray Matter Volume in the Brain.Noriaki Kanayama, Tomohisa Asai, Takashi Nakao, Kai Makita, Ryutaro Kozuma, Takuto Uyama, Toshiyuki Yamane, Hiroshi Kadota & Shigeto Yamawaki - 2017 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 11.
  46.  10
    Matters to address prior to introducing new life support technology in Japan: three serious ethical concerns related to the use of left ventricular assist devices as destination therapy and suggested policies to deal with them.Atsushi Asai, Sakiko Masaki, Taketoshi Okita, Aya Enzo & Yasuhiro Kadooka - 2018 - BMC Medical Ethics 19 (1):12.
    Destination therapy is the permanent implantation of a left ventricular assist device in patients with end-stage, severe heart failure who are ineligible for heart transplantation. DT improves both the quality of life and prognosis of patients with end-stage heart failure. However, there are also downsides to DT such as life-threatening complications and the potential for the patient to live beyond their desired length of life following such major complications. Because of deeply ingrained cultural and religious beliefs regarding death and the (...)
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  47. An Ethical and Social Examination of the Death Penalty as Depicted in Two Current Films Made in a ―Pro-Death Penalty Society‖.Atsushi Asai & Sakiko Maki - 2011 - Eubios Journal of Asian and International Bioethics 21 (3):95-98.
    In Japan, although various arguments exist regarding the appropriateness of the death penalty, nationwide public opinion polls regarding the death penalty revealed that 85.6% of respondents supported maintaining the death penalty in 2009. Under these circumstances, it is worthwhile to deliberate the ethical and social issues surrounding the death penalty as depicted in Japanese films from medical humanities perspectives. In the present paper, we discuss two recent films concerning the death penalty, 13 kaidan directed by Masahiro Nagasawa, 2005 and Kyuka (...)
     
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  48. A Question In End-of-Life Medicine In Japan: Three Levels Structure Analysis Of The Ethics Of Provision Of Permanent And Active Artificial Nutrition And Hydration For Elderly Who Cannot Eat.Atsushi Asai - 2011 - Eubios Journal of Asian and International Bioethics 21 (1-2):37-40.
    This article will focus on issues concerning the provision of artificial nutrition and hydration to patients who are extremely old, completely bedridden, and totally dependent on others. These patients have no advance directives, no malignancy, suffer from persistent but unstable disturbance of consciousness as well as severe cognitive impairment, and cannot eat sufficient amounts of food to maintain their lives. Should ANH be provided? Some would agree while others would maintain otherwise. The underlying values and normative theory behind each argument (...)
     
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  49.  32
    Defining Futile Life-Prolonging Treatments Through Neo-Socratic Dialogue.Kuniko Aizawa, Atsushi Asai & Seiji Bito - 2013 - BMC Medical Ethics 14 (1):51.
    In Japan, people are negative towards life-prolonging treatments. Laws that regulate withholding or discontinuing life-prolonging treatments and advance directives do not exist. Physicians, however, view discontinuing life-prolonging treatments negatively due to fears of police investigations. Although ministerial guidelines were announced regarding the decision process for end-of-life care in 2007, a consensus could not be reached on the definition of end-of-life and conditions for withholding treatment. We established a forum for extended discussions and consensus building on this topic.
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  50.  48
    Contemporary Japanese View of Life and Death as Depicted in the Film Departures (Okuribito).A. Asai, M. Fukuyama & Y. Kobayashi - 2010 - Medical Humanities 36 (1):31-35.
    Through films, we can see many aspects of a country and its times: culture, morality and religion, and views on life and death. The best films can both entertain audiences and provide viewers with opportunities to think about fundamental human problems. In this article, we use Departures (Okuribito) to examine the contemporary Japanese view of life and death. All sorts of deaths are depicted and each scene provides an insight into the contemporary Japanese view of death. We use the medium (...)
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