Results for 'The A Priori'

1000+ found
Order:
  1.  39
    Experience as a Natural Kind: Reflections on Albert Casullo's A Priori Justification.A. Priori Justification - 2011 - In Michael J. Shaffer & Michael Veber (eds.), What Place for the a Priori? Open Court. pp. 93.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  2. Naturalism and the A Priori.I. Rey’S. Reliablist A. Priori - 1998 - Philosophical Studies 92 (1):45-65.
  3. Debating the a Priori.Paul Boghossian & Timothy Williamson - 2020 - Oxford, United Kingdom: Oxford University Press. Edited by Timothy Williamson.
    The book records a series of philosophical exchanges between its authors, amounting to a debate extended over more than fifteen years. Its subject matter is the nature and scope of reason. A central case at issue is basic logical knowledge, and the justification for basic deductive inferences, but the arguments range far more widely, at stake the distinctions between analytic and synthetic, and between a priori and a posteriori. The discussion naturally involves problems about the conditions for linguistic understanding (...)
  4. The a priori.A. J. Ayer - 1987 - In Paul K. Moser (ed.), A Priori Knowledge. Oxford University Press.
  5.  44
    The A Priori Without Magic.Jared Warren - 2022 - New York, NY, USA: Cambridge University Press.
    The distinction between the a priori and the a posteriori is an old and influential one. But both the distinction itself and the crucial notion of a priori knowledge face powerful philosophical challenges. Many philosophers worry that accepting the a priori is tantamount to accepting epistemic magic. In contrast, this Element argues that the a priori can be formulated clearly, made respectable, and used to do important epistemological work. The author's conception of the a priori (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  6. CLARK William, Jan Golinski and Simon Schaffer (eds): The Sciences in.Casullo Albert & A. Priori Knowledge - 2000 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 8 (1):199-204.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  7. Articulating the A Priori-A Posteriori Distinction.Albert Casullo - 2012 - In Essays on A Priori Knowledge and Justification. New York, NY, USA: Oxford University Press. pp. 289-327.
    The distinction between a priori knowledge and a posteriori knowledge has come under attack in the recent literature by Philip Kitcher, John Hawthorne, C. S. Jenkins, and Timothy Williamson. Evaluating the attacks requires answering two questions. First, have they hit their target? Second, are they compelling? My goal is to argue that the attacks fail because they miss their target. Since the attacks are directed at a particular concept or distinction, they must accurately locate the target concept or distinction. (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   8 citations  
  8. Deprioritizing the A Priori Arguments against Physicalism.Richard Brown - 2010 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 17 (3-4):47-69.
    In this paper I argue that a priori arguments fail to present any real problem for physicalism. They beg the question against physicalism in the sense that the argument will only seem compelling if one is already assuming that qualitative properties are nonphysical. To show this I will present the reverse-zombie and reverse-knowledge arguments. The only evidence against physicalism is a priori arguments, but there are also a priori arguments against dualism of exactly the same variety. Each (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   26 citations  
  9.  94
    The a Priori in Philosophy.Albert Casullo & Joshua C. Thurow (eds.) - 2013 - Oxford: Oxford University Press UK.
    For much of the past two millennia philosophers have embraced a priori knowledge and have thought that the a priori plays an important role in philosophy itself. Philosophers from Plato to Descartes, Kant to Kripke, all endorse the a priori and engage in a priori reasoning in their philosophical discussions. Recent work in epistemology and experimental philosophy, however, has raised questions about both the existence of a priori knowledge and the centrality of the a (...) for philosophy. This collection of essays aims to advance the discussion of the a priori and its role in philosophy. The contributors include a mix of young and established philosophers, including some of the most prominent voices in philosophy today. (shrink)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  10. The a priori: Between conventions and implicit definitions.Stathis Psillos - unknown
    A thumbnail sketch of the philosophical thinking about the a priori would surely include that it has been dominated by two major approaches: the Kantian absolute conception of it and the Millian-Quinean absolute rejection of it (section 2). Yet, one can find in the literature claims about the existence of a ›functional a priori‹, a ›relative a priori‹, a ›relativised a priori‹ and suchlike. They are all meant to carve a space between the two extremes. An (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  11. The A Priori Foundations of the Civil Law.Adolf Reinach - 1983 - Aletheia 3:1-142.
  12.  21
    The A Priori.George Bealer - 2017 - In John Greco & Ernest Sosa (eds.), The Blackwell Guide to Epistemology. Oxford, UK: Blackwell. pp. 243–270.
    In the history of epistemology, discussions of the a priori have been bound up with discussions of necessity and analyticity, often in confusing ways. Disentangling these confusions is an essential step in the study of the a priori. This will be the aim of my introductory remarks. The goal of the remainder of the paper will then be to try to develop a unified account of the a priori, dealing with the notions of intuition and a (...) evidence, the question of why intuitions qualify as evidence, and the question of how they can be a reliable guide to the truth about a priori matters. (shrink)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   13 citations  
  13. The a priori.Christopher Peacocke - 2005 - In Frank Jackson & Michael Smith (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Contemporary Philosophy. Oxford University Press.
  14. The a priori defended: a defense of the generality argument.Joshua C. Thurow - 2008 - Philosophical Studies 146 (2):273-289.
    One of Laurence BonJour’s main arguments for the existence of the a priori is an argument that a priori justification is indispensable for making inferences from experience to conclusions that go beyond experience. This argument has recently come under heavy fire from Albert Casullo, who has dubbed BonJour’s argument, “The Generality Argument.” In this paper I (i) defend the Generality Argument against Casullo’s criticisms, and (ii) develop a new, more plausible, version of the Generality Argument in response to (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   15 citations  
  15.  34
    Abducting the a priori.Célia Teixeira - 2023 - Synthese 201 (2):1-26.
    Intuition-based accounts of the a priori are criticised for appealing to a “mysterious” faculty of rational intuition to explain how a priori knowledge is possible. Analyticity-based accounts are typically motivated by opposition to them, offering a purportedly “non-mysterious” account of the a priori. In this paper, I argue that analyticity-based accounts are in no better position to explain the a priori than intuition-based accounts, and that we have good reason to doubt the explanation they offer. To (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  16.  29
    Relativizing the A Priori By Way of Reflective Judgement.Sabina Vaccarino Bremner - 2023 - Kantian Review 28 (3):355-372.
    An influential strand in philosophy of science claims that scientific paradigms can be understood as relativized a priori frameworks. Here, Kant’s constitutive a priori principles are no longer held to establish conditions of possibility for knowledge which are unchanging and universally true, but are restricted only to a given scientific domain. Yet it is unclear how exactly a relativized a priori can be construed as both stable and dynamical, establishing foundations for current scientific claims while simultaneously making (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  17. The A Priori: Its Significance, Sources, and Extent.Dylan Dodd & Elia Zardini (eds.) - forthcoming - Oxford University Press.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  18. Beauty, Necessity and the a priori in Aesthetic Values. General Problems.A. Savile - 1985 - Philosophica 36:57-75.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  19.  30
    The A Priori, Intuitionism and Moral Language.Harold A. Durfee - 1980 - Philosophical Studies (Dublin) 27:55-66.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  20.  12
    The A Priori, Intuitionism and Moral Language.Harold A. Durfee - 1980 - Philosophical Studies (Dublin) 27:55-66.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  21.  2
    The A Priori, Intuitionism and Moral Language.Harold A. Durfee - 1980 - Philosophical Studies (Dublin) 27:55-66.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  22. The A Priori in Physical Theory.Arthur Pap - 1947 - Mind 56 (223):271-275.
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   11 citations  
  23. Blocking the A Priori Passage.Andreas Elpidorou - 2014 - Acta Analytica 29 (3):285-307.
    I defend the claim that physicalism is not committed to the view that non-phenomenal macrophysical truths are a priori entailed by the conjunction of microphysical truths , basic indexical facts , and a 'that's all' claim . I do so by showing that Chalmers and Jackson's most popular and influential argument in support of the claim that PIT ⊃ M is a priori, where 'M' stands for any ordinary, non-phenomenal, macroscopic truth, falls short of establishing its conclusion. My (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  24.  22
    The A Priori: Merleau-Ponty’s ‘New Definition’.Sidra Shahid - 2022 - International Journal of Philosophical Studies 30 (4):399-419.
    Despite the significant amount of debate that Merleau-Ponty’s work has seen over the years, it remains an unresolved issue whether his phenomenology offers what he announces as a ‘new definition of the a priori’. In this paper, I make a case in favor of his claim by clarifying his commitments to the a priori against two dominant lines of interpretation, naturalist and Kantian. I argue that Merleau-Ponty’s view that the sciences themselves rely on the a priori method (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  25. The a Priori in Physical Theory.Arthur Pap - 1949 - Philosophy 24 (89):166-167.
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   10 citations  
  26.  11
    The a priori of the Visible.James Mensch - 2007 - Studia Phaenomenologica 7:259-283.
    Jan Patočka and Maurice Merleau-Ponty attempted to get beyond Husserl by focusing on manifestation or visibility as such. Yet, the results these philosophers come to are very different — particularly with regard to the a priori of the visible. Are there, as Patočka believed, aspects of being that can be grasped in their entirety, the aspects, namely, that involve its “self-showing”? Or must we say, with Merleau-Ponty, that being can only show itself in finite perspectives that can never be (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  27.  44
    The A Priori and the Empirical in Merleau-Ponty's Phenomenology of Perception.Harrison Hall - 1979 - Philosophy Today 23 (4):304-309.
    A number of passages in "phenomenology of perception" suggest that merleau-Ponty wants to collapse entirely the distinction between the 'a priori' and the empirical, Between 'truths of reason' and 'truths of fact'. I argue that his discussion of one of the theorems of euclidean geometry reveals a less ambitious and more plausible aim--Namely, A demonstration that 'a priori' truths may be characterized by features traditionally applicable only to empirical truths, And vice versa. Merleau-Ponty's discussion of the 'a (...)' and the empirical simply brings the two a little closer together, Stressing the similarities and interconnections traditionally ignored in favor of the obvious differences. (shrink)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  28. The a priori method and the actio concept revised. Dynamics and metaphysics in an unpublished controversy between Leibniz and Denis Papin.Alberto Guillermo Ranea - 1989 - Studia Leibnitiana 21 (1):42-68.
    Gestützt auf die bisher unveröffentlichten Teile des Briefwechsels von Leibniz mit Denis Papin aus der Zeit von 1692 bis 1700 wird in diesem Aufsatz versucht, einige Aspekte der Leibnizschen Dynamik darzulegen. Insbesondere wird der apriorische Beweis der Erhaltung der actio f ormalis im Zusammenhang mit der Diskussion zwischen Leibniz und Papin über die Messung der Kraft bei der horizontalen Bewegung behandelt. Es war Leibniz* Absicht, durch den apriorischen Beweis die Dynamik zu begründen und die Cartesianischen Gesetze der Bewegung zu ersetzen. (...)
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  29. The a priori rules of rationality.Ralph Wedgwood - 1999 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 59 (1):113-131.
    Both these ideas are intuitively plausible: rationality has an external aim, such as forming a true belief or good decision; and the rationality of a belief or decision is determined purely by facts about the thinker’s internal mental states. Unlike earlier conceptions, the conception of rationality presented here explains why these ideas are both true. Rational beliefs and decisions, it is argued, are those that are formed through the thinker’s following ‘rules of rationality’. Some rules count as rules of rationality (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   26 citations  
  30. Williamsonian Scepticism about the A Priori.Giacomo Melis & Crispin Wright - forthcoming - In Dylan Dodd & Elia Zardini (eds.), Beyond Sense? New Essays on the Significance, Grounds, and Extent of the A Priori.
    We focus on Timothy Williamson’s recent attack on the epistemological significance of the a priori–a posteriori distinction, and offer an explanation of why, fundamentally, it does not succeed. We begin by setting out Williamson’s core argument, and some of the background to it and move to consider two lines of conciliatory response to it—conciliatory in that neither questions the central analogy on which Williamson's argument depends. We claim, setting aside a methodological challenge to which Williamson owes an answer, that (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  31.  48
    The "A Priori" and the Analytic.Anthony Quinton - 1964 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 64:31 - 54.
    Anthony Quinton; The a Priori and the Analytic, Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society, Volume 64, Issue 1, 1 June 1964, Pages 31–54, https://doi.org/10.1093/a.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   10 citations  
  32.  76
    The A Priori Thesis.Sören Häggqvist - 2007 - Croatian Journal of Philosophy 7 (1):47-61.
    Recent debates about thought experiments have focused on a perceived epistemological problem: how do thought experiments manage to provide knowledge when they yield no new empirical data? A bold answer to this question is provided by James Robert Brown’s platonisrn, according to which a certain class of thought experiments allow a sort of intellectual perception of laws of nature, understood as relations between universals. I suggest that there are three main problems with platonism. First, it is restricted to a very (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  33.  12
    Explaining the A Priori.C. Peacocke - 2000 - In Paul Boghossian & Christopher Peacocke (eds.), New Essays on the a Priori. Oxford University Press. pp. 255--285.
  34.  57
    The A Priori Meaningfulness Measure and Resolution Theorem Proving.Joseph S. Fulda & Kevin De Fontes - 1989 - Journal of Experimental and Theoretical Artificial Intelligence 1 (3):227-230.
    Demonstrates the validity of the measure presented in "Estimating Semantic Content" on textbook examples using (binary) resolution [a generalization of disjunctive syllogism] theorem proving; the measure is based on logical probability and is the mirror image of logical form; it dates to Popper.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  35. On the a priori rejection of evidential arguments from evil.Daniel Howard-Snyder & John Hawthorne - 1994 - Sophia:33-47.
    Recent work on the evidential argument from evil offers us sundry considerations which are intended to weigh against this form of atheological arguments. By far the most provocative is that on a priori grounds alone, evil can be shown to be evidentially impotent. This astonishing thesis has been given a vigorous defense by Keith Yandell. In this paper, we shall measure the prospects for an a priori dismissal of evidential arguments from evil.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  36. Hybrid Virtue Epistemology and the A Priori.Jonathan Ichikawa & Benjamin Jarvis - forthcoming - In Dylan Dodd & Elia Zardini (eds.), The A Priori: Its Significance, Sources, and Extent. Oxford University Press.
    How should we understand good philosophical inquiry? Ernest Sosa has argued that the key to answering this question lies with virtue-based epistemology. According to virtue-based epistemology, competences are prior to epistemic justification. More precisely, a subject is justified in having some type of belief only because she could have a belief of that type by exercising her competences. Virtue epistemology is well positioned to explain why, in forming false philosophical beliefs, agents are often less rational than it is possible to (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  37. The A Priori Isn’t All That It Is Cracked Up to Be, But It Is Something.David Henderson & Terry Horgan - 2001 - Philosophical Topics 29 (1/2):219-250.
    Alvin Goldman’s contributions to contemporary epistemology are impressive—few epistemologists have provided others so many occasions for reflecting on the fundamental character of their discipline and its concepts. His work has informed the way epistemological questions have changed (and remained consistent) over the last two decades. We (the authors of this paper) can perhaps best suggest our indebtedness by noting that there is probably no paper on epistemology that either of us individually or jointly have produced that does not in its (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   17 citations  
  38.  44
    The a priori in physical theory.Arthur Pap - 1946 - New York,: Russell & Russell.
  39. The a Priori Value and Feeling in Max Scheler and Wang Yangming.Yinghua Lu - 2014 - Asian Philosophy 24 (3):197-211.
    Following Mou Zongsan’s interpretation of Wang Yangming, this paper investigates the phenomenology of values and moral emotions in Max Scheler and the Confucian learning of heart, especially Wang Yangming. Part I illustrates the meaning of moral emotions in Confucianism and introduces Wang Yangming’s idea of pure knowing . Part II introduces Max Scheler’s idea of a priori value and feeling in order to explain how pure knowing could be both immanent and transcendental, both subjective and objective. Part III explores (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  40. The A Priori‐Operator and the Nesting Problem.Eric Johannesson & Sara Packalén - 2016 - Thought: A Journal of Philosophy 5 (3):169-176.
    Many expressions intuitively have different epistemic and modal profiles. For example, co-referring proper names are substitutable salva veritate in modal contexts but not in belief-contexts. Two-dimensional semantics, according to which terms have both a so-called primary and a secondary intension, is a framework that promises to accommodate and explain these diverging intuitions. The framework can be applied to indexicals, proper names or predicates. Graeme Forbes argues that the two-dimensional semantics of David Chalmers fails to account for so-called nested contexts. These (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  41. The "A Priori" Moment of the Subject-Object Dialectic in Transcendental Phenomenology: The Relationship between "A Priori" and "Ideality".Hans KÖchler - 1974 - Analecta Husserliana 3:183.
  42. Ideas as the A priori of the Phenomenological Constitution.A. Tymieniecka - 1964 - Société Française de Philosophie, Bulletin 55 (3):368-383.
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  43. The a-priori of common-sense in Kant-from the realm of ends to the community of men.F. Menegoni - 1990 - Verifiche: Rivista Trimestrale di Scienze Umane 19 (1-2):13-50.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  44. The A Priori (Theism).Aaron Segal - 2019 - In Graham Oppy & Joseph W. Koterski (eds.), Theism and Atheism: Opposing Viewpoints in Philosophy. Macmillan. pp. 301-312.
  45. No place for the a priori.Michael Devitt - unknown
    Why believe in the a priori? The answer is clear: there are many examples, drawn from mathematics, logic and philosophy, of knowledge that does not seem to be empirical. It does not seem possible that this knowledge could be justified or revised “by experience.” It must be justified in some other way, justified a priori.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   12 citations  
  46. The a priori authority of testimony.Robert Audi - 2004 - Philosophical Issues 14 (1):18–34.
  47.  22
    The A Priori in Geometry.Bertrand Russell - 1895 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society (2):97-112.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  48. The A Priori in Human Knowledge: Kant's Critique of Pure Reason and Lonergan's Insight.Giovanni Sala - 1976 - The Thomist 40 (2):179.
  49. The a-priori, a summer school of analytical philosophy, Florence, June 26 to July 1, 2003.T. Marvan - 2003 - Filosoficky Casopis 51 (4):709-712.
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  50.  39
    On the a priori and a posteriori assessment of probabilities.Anubav Vasudevan - 2013 - Journal of Applied Logic 11 (4):440-451.
    We argue that in spite of their apparent dissimilarity, the methodologies employed in the a priori and a posteriori assessment of probabilities can both be justified by appeal to a single principle of inductive reasoning, viz., the principle of symmetry. The difference between these two methodologies consists in the way in which information about the single-trial probabilities in a repeatable chance process is extracted from the constraints imposed by this principle. In the case of a posteriori reasoning, these constraints (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
1 — 50 / 1000