Results for 'Theodicy'

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  1. Theodicy: The Solution to the Problem of Evil, or Part of the Problem?Nick Trakakis - 2008 - Sophia 47 (2):161-191.
    Theodicy, the enterprise of searching for greater goods that might plausibly justify God’s permission of evil, is often criticized on the grounds that the project has systematically failed to unearth any such goods. But theodicists also face a deeper challenge, one that places under question the very attempt to look for any morally sufficient reasons God might have for creating a world littered with evil. This ‘anti-theodical’ view argues that theists (and non-theists) ought to reject, primarily for moral reasons, (...)
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  2. Theodicy: Essays on the Goodness of God, the Freedom of Man, and the Origin of Evil.Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz - 1985 - Open Court.
    EDITOR'S INTRODUCTION T JLJe1bn1z was above all things a metaphysician. That does not mean that his head was in the clouds, or that the particular sciences ...
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  3.  55
    Theodicy and Animal Pain.Peter Harrison - 1989 - Philosophy 64 (247):79 - 92.
    The existence of evil is compatible with the existence of God, most theists would claim, because evil either results from the activities of free agents, or it contributes in some way toward their moral development. According to the ‘free-will defence’, evil and suffering are necessary consequences of free-will. Proponents of the ‘soul-making argument’—a theodicy with a different emphasis—argue that a universe which is imperfect will nurture a whole range of virtues in a way impossible either in a perfect world, (...)
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  4.  25
    Theodicy: A Response to Christopher Southgate.Nicola Hoggard Creegan - 2018 - Zygon 53 (3):808-820.
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  5.  75
    Anti‐Theodicy.Toby Betenson - 2016 - Philosophy Compass 11 (1):56-65.
    In this article, I outline the major themes of ‘anti-theodicy’. Anti-theodicy is characterised as a reaction, as rejection, against traditional solutions to the problem of evil and against the traditional formulations of the problem of evil to which those solutions respond. I detail numerous ‘moral’ anti-theodical objections to theodicy, illustrating the central claim of anti-theodicy: Theodicy is morally objectionable. I also detail some ‘non-moral’ anti-theodical objections, illustrating the second major claim of anti-theodicy: Traditional formulations (...)
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  6. Theodicy, Our Well-Being, and God's Rights.Richard Swinburne - 1995 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 38 (1-3):75 - 91.
    Theodicy needs to show, for all actual evils e, that 1) in allowing e, a God would bring about a necessary condition of a good g not achievable in any other morally permissible way, 2) if e occurs, g occurs, 3) it is morally permissible for God to allow e, and 4) g is at least as good as e is bad. This article contributes to a full-scale theodicy by showing that A being of use (e.g., by suffering) (...)
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  7.  40
    Theodicy.Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz - unknown
  8. Against Theodicy: A Response to Peter Forrest.N. N. Trakakis - 2010 - Sophia 49 (1):129-140.
    In responding to Peter Forrest’s defence of ‘tough-minded theodicy’, I point to some problematic features of theodicies of this sort, in particular their commitment to an anthropomorphic conception of God which tends to assimilate the Creator to the creaturely and so diminishes the otherness and mystery of God. This remains the case, I argue, even granted Forrest’s view that God may have a very different kind of morality from the one we mortals are subject to.
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  9. A Theodicy of Heaven and Hell.Richard Swinburne - 1983 - In A. J. Freddoso (ed.), The Existence and Nature of God. Univ Notre Dame Pr. pp. 37-54.
     
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  10.  11
    Can Theodicy Be Avoided? The Claim of Unredeemed Evil: James Wetzel.James Wetzel - 1989 - Religious Studies 25 (1):1-13.
    Theodicy begins with the recognition that the world is not obviously under the care of a loving God with limitless power and wisdom. If it were, why would the world be burdened with its considerable amount and variety of evil? Theodicists are those who attempt to answer this question by suggesting a possible rationale for the appearance of evil in a theocentric universe. In the past theodicists have taken up the cause of theodicy in the service of piety, (...)
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  11.  44
    Evolutionary Theodicy, Redemption, and Time.Mark Ian Thomas Robson - 2015 - Zygon 50 (3):647-670.
    Of the many problems which evolutionary theodicy tries to address, the ones of animal suffering and extinction seem especially intractable. In this essay, I show how C. D. Broad's growing block conception of time does much to ameliorate the problems. Additionally, I suggest it leads to another way of understanding the soul. Instead of it being understood as a substance, it is seen as a history—a history which is resurrected in the end times. Correspondingly, redemption, I argue, should not (...)
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  12.  66
    On Letting Go of Theodicy: Marilyn McCord Adams on God and Evil.Andrew Gleeson - 2015 - Sophia 54 (1):1-12.
    Marilyn McCord Adams agrees with D. Z. Phillips that instrumental theodicy is a moral failure, and that sceptical theists and others are guilty of ignoring what we know now about the moral reality of horrendous evils to speculate about unknown ways these evils might be made sense of. In place of theodicy, Adams advocates ‘the logic of compensation’ for the victims of evil, a postmortem healing of divine intimacy with God. This goes so deep, she believes, that eventually (...)
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  13.  27
    Theodicy and Moral Responsibility in the Myth of Er.Viktor Ilievski - 2018 - Apeiron 51 (3):259-278.
    Journal Name: Apeiron Issue: Ahead of print.
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  14. A Theodicy.John D. McHarry - 1978 - Analysis 38 (3):132 - 134.
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  15. Cartesian Theodicy: Descartes Quest for Certitude.Z. Janowski - 2000 - Revue de Métaphysique et de Morale 3:127-128.
    This study is the first work ever to interpret the Meditations as theodicy. I show that Descartes' attempt to define the role of God for man's cognitive fallibility in so far as God is the creator of man's nature, is a reiteration of an old Epicurean argument pointing out the incongruity between the existence of God and evil. The question of the nature and origin of error which Descartes addresses in the First Meditation is reformulated in the Fourth Meditation (...)
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  16.  42
    Theodicy Without Blame.Marilyn Adams - 1988 - Philosophical Topics 16 (2):215-245.
  17.  54
    The Reception of the Theodicy in England.Lloyd Strickland - 2016 - In Wenchao Li (ed.), Leibniz, Caroline und die Folgen der englischen Sukzession. Stuttgart: Franz Steiner Verlag. pp. 69-91.
    Leibniz wished that his Theodicy (1710) would have as great and as wide an impact as possible, and to further this end we find him in his correspondence with Caroline often expressing his desire that the book be translated into English. Despite his wishes, and Caroline’s efforts, this was not to happen in his lifetime (indeed, it did not happen until 1951, almost 250 years after Leibniz’s death). But even though the Theodicy did not make quite the impact (...)
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  18.  66
    Soul-Making Theodicy and Compatibilism: New Problems and a New Interpretation.Michael Barnwell - 2017 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 82 (1):29-46.
    In the elaboration of his soul-making theodicy, John Hick agrees with a controversial point made by compatibilists Antony Flew and John Mackie against the free will defense. Namely, Hick grants that God could have created humans such that they would be free to sin but would, in fact, never do so. In this paper, I identify three previously unrecognized problems that arise from his initial concession to, and ultimate rejection of, compatibilism. The first problem stems from the fact that (...)
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  19.  19
    Can Theodicy Be Avoided? The Claim of Unredeemed Evil.James Wetzel - 1989 - Religious Studies 25 (1):1 - 13.
  20. Theodicy’s Problem.Gregory Paul - 2007 - Philosophy and Theology 19 (1/2):125-149.
    The full extent of the anguish and death suffered by immature humans is scientifically and statistically documented for the first time. Probably hundreds of billions of human conceptions and at least fifty billion children have died, the great majority from nonhuman causes, before reaching the age of mature consent. Adults who have heard the word of Christ number in the lower billions. If immature deceased humans are allowed into heaven, then the latter is inhabited predominantly by automatons. Because the Holocaust (...)
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  21. Some Moral Critique of Theodicy is Misplaced, But Not All.Robert Simpson - 2009 - Religious Studies 45 (3):339-346.
    Several recent critiques of theodicy have incorporated some form of moral objection to the theodical enterprise, in which the critic argues that one ought not to engage in the practice of theodicy. In defending theodical practice against the moral critique, Atle O. Søvik argues that the moral critique (1) begs the question against theodicy, and (2) misapprehends the implications of the claim that it is inappropriate to espouse a theodicy in certain situations. In this paper I (...)
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  22.  33
    Disability and the Theodicy of Defeat.Aaron D. Cobb & Kevin Timpe - 2017 - Journal of Analytic Theology 5:100-120.
    Marilyn McCord Adams argues that God’s goodness to individuals requires God to defeat horrendous evils; it is not enough for God to outweigh these evils through compensatory goods. On her view, God defeats the evils experienced by an individual if and only if God’s goodness to the individual enables her to integrate the evil organically into a unified life story she perceives as good and meaningful. In this essay, we seek to apply Adams’s theodicy of defeat to a particular (...)
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  23.  73
    Some Major Strands of Theodicy.Richard Swinburne - 1996 - In D. Howard-Snycer (ed.), The Evidential Argument From Evil. Indiana Univ Pr. pp. 30-48.
    Theodicy would be an impossible task if the only good states were pleasures and the only bad states were pains. This paper lists many other and greater goods, and shows that many of these cannot be had without corresponding bad states. These goods include the satisfaction of persistent desires, desires for incompatible good states, compassion with people in serious trouble, free choice of the good despite temptation, and being of use to others in providing knowledge and opportunities of certain (...)
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  24.  46
    Antediluvian Theodicy: Stump on the Fall.Evan Fales - 1989 - Faith and Philosophy 6 (3):320-329.
    This paper is a discussion of Eleonore Stump’s “The Problem of Evil.” Stump, I argue, has attempted a theodicy with several desirable features; among them, an effort to provide a positive account of the compatibility of natural evils with God’s goodness that makes use of specifically Christian doctrines. However, the doctrines Stump makes use of---and, in particular, her conception of hell and her interpretation of original sin---raise, I suggest, more problems than they solve.
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  25.  48
    Malebranche's Theodicy.Andrew G. Black - 1997 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 35 (1):27-44.
    Malebranche's Theodicy ANDREW G. BLACK LEIBNIZ'S SOLUTION tO the problem of evil, his theodicy, might be regarded as a paradigm of philosophical theology. Its pattern, as with so much of Leibniz's philosophy, is reconciliation of deep metaphysical truth with recalcitrant ap- pearance. Thus, a theodicy is not just any solution to the problem; strictly speaking it is a vindication of divine providence in the face of the challenge posed by apparent imperfections of all kinds in creation.' The (...)
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  26.  11
    Theodicy and Eschatology.Bruce Barber & David J. Neville (eds.) - 2005 - Atf Press.
    This book is the result of a conference that addressed two pressing issues for christianity in the modern world.
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  27.  34
    Theodicy and the Free Will Defence: Response to Plantinga and Flew: J. E. BARNHART.J. E. Barnhart - 1977 - Religious Studies 13 (4):439-453.
    Although Professor of Philosophy at Calvin College, Alvin Plantinga has developed a theodicy that is fundamentally Arminian rather than Calvinistic. Anthony Flew, although the son of an Arminian Christian minister, regards the Arminian view of ‘free will’ to be both unacceptable on its own terms and incompatible with classical Christian theism. In this paper I hope to disentangle some of the involved controversy regarding theodicy which has developed between Plantinga and Flew, and between Flew and myself. The major (...)
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  28.  88
    Does Theism Need a Theodicy?Richard Swinburne - 1988 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 18 (2):287 - 311.
    A THEIST NEEDS A THEODICY, AN ACCOUNT FOR EACH KNOWN KIND OF EVIL OF HOW IT IS PROBABLE THAT IT SERVES A GREATER GOOD, IF HIS BELIEF IN GOD IS TO BE RATIONAL--UNLESS EITHER HE HAS OTHER EVIDENCE FOR THE EXISTENCE OF GOD WHICH OUTWEIGHS THE COUNTEREVIDENCE FROM EVIL, OR HE HAS FOUND THE RESEARCH PROGRAMME OF THEODICY PROGRESSIVE. IT IS NOT ENOUGH, CONTRARY TO WYKSTRA AND PLANTINGA, TO CLAIM THAT GOD MAY BE PURSUING GREATER GOODS BEYOND OUR (...)
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  29.  13
    Theodicy and the Status of Animals.Frederick Ferré - 1986 - American Philosophical Quarterly 23 (1):23 - 34.
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  30.  24
    The Will to Reason: Theodicy and Freedom in Descartes.C. P. Ragland - 2016 - Oxford University Press USA.
    Offering an original perspective on the central project of Descartes' Meditations, this book argues that Descartes' free will theodicy is crucial to his refutation of skepticism. A common thread runs through Descartes' radical First Meditation doubts, his Fourth Meditation discussion of error, and his pious reconciliation of providence and freedom: each involves a clash of perspectives-thinking of God seems to force conclusions diametrically opposed to those we reach when thinking only of ourselves. Descartes fears that a skeptic could exploit (...)
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  31.  35
    Theodicy.Michael J. Murray - 2008 - In Thomas P. Flint & Michael C. Rea (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Philosophical Theology. Oxford University Press.
    From Leibniz's time until the mid-1970s, the word ‘theodicy’ was used to describe attempts to explain God's permission of evil. Since the mid-1970s, however, it has taken on a more refined sense among philosophers of religion – a change that can be attributed to Alvin Plantinga's book God, Freedom and Evil. In this work, Plantinga distinguishes between two types of explanations of evil that theists might construct. The first type is offered in response to arguments that the coexistence of (...)
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  32.  34
    Theodicy and the Free Will Defence: Response to Plantinga and Flew.J. E. Barnhart - 1977 - Religious Studies 13 (4):439 - 453.
  33.  29
    Kant’s Theodicy and its Role in the Development of Radical Evil.Robert Gressis - 2018 - Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie 100 (1):46-75.
    In the Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals and the Critique of Practical Reason, Kant claims that rational beings should want to have no inclinations. But in Religion within the Bounds of Bare Reason, he asserts that the inclinations are good in themselves. While many commentators hold that Kant simply wrote hyperbolically in the Groundwork and the second Critique, I argue Kant was sincere, and changed his mind about the worth of the inclinations between the second Critique and the Religion. (...)
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  34.  37
    Christopher Southgate's Compound Theodicy: Parallel Searchings.Denis Edwards - 2018 - Zygon 53 (3):680-690.
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  35. Rousseau's Theodicy of Self-Love: Evil, Rationality, and the Drive for Recognition.Frederick Neuhouser - 2008 - Oxford University Press.
    This book is the first comprehensive study of Rousseau's rich and complex theory of the type of self-love (amour proper) that, for him, marks the central difference between humans and the beasts. Amour proper is the passion that drives human individuals to seek the esteem, approval, admiration, or love--the recognition--of their fellow beings. Neuhouser reconstructs Rousseau's understanding of what the drive for recognition is, why it is so problematic, and how its presence opens up far-reaching developmental possibilities for creatures that (...)
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  36.  31
    Theodicy.G. W. Leibniz, Austin Farrer & E. M. Huggard - 1954 - Philosophical Review 63 (1):110-112.
  37.  27
    Organizational Corruption as Theodicy.D. Christopher Kayes - 2006 - Journal of Business Ethics 67 (1):51-62.
    This paper draws on Weber’s theodicy problem to define organizational corruption as the emerging discrepancy between experience and normative expectation. Theodicy describes the attempts to explain this discrepancy. The paper presents four normative principles enlisted by observers to respond to perceived corruption: moral dilemma, detachment, systematic regulation, and normative controls. Consistent with social construction, these justifications work to either reaffirm or challenge prevailing social norms in the face of confusing events. An exemplar case involves perceived corruption in the (...)
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  38. Evil and Theodicy.William Rowe - 1988 - Philosophical Topics 16 (2):119-132.
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  39.  60
    A Theodicy For Today?A Review of John Hick'sEvil and the God of Love.Peter H. Hare - 1966 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 4 (4):287-292.
  40. Theodicy and Pseudo-History in the Timaeus.Sarah Broadie - 2001 - Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy 21:1-28.
  41.  18
    Could Process Theodicy Uphold the Generic Idea of God? Pak - 2014 - American Journal of Theology and Philosophy 35 (3):211-228.
    To live in this world is to live in the midst of evil. The reality of evil seems all too real and yet ever-perplexing in that it scoffs at any attempt to make rational sense of the world. Can we dare to insist, as traditional theodicy does, that such a world is not only created by but is also under the providence of God who is seen as perfect in both goodness and power? Many find such an attempt incredulous (...)
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  42. Intelligent Design and Theodicy.Joseph Corabi - 2009 - Religious Studies 45 (1):21-35.
    This paper explores a seldom discussed difficulty for traditional theists who wish to embrace the purported evidence employed in biochemical intelligent design arguments, and who also employ a commonly used element in their theodicies – namely, the claim that God would have reason to make a relatively orderly and self-sufficient world with stable and simple natural laws. I begin by introducing intelligent design arguments and the varieties of theodicy at issue, then I argue that there is at least a (...)
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  43.  12
    On the Concept of Theodicy.Ricardo Silvestre - 2017 - Sophia 56 (2):207-225.
    My purpose in this paper is to clarify or explicate the concept of theodicy. More specifically, I shall provide an account of the concept that takes its logical aspects seriously into consideration as well as satisfies the basic intuitions philosophers of religions have had about it. This shall be done by systematically analysing the several theodical conditions found in the literature. As it shall be seen, these conditions are logically related to one another; collectively, they point not to one, (...)
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  44.  26
    Theodicy and Mary Baker Eddy.H. B. McCullough - 1975 - Sophia 14 (1):12-18.
  45.  25
    Kantian Anti-Theodicy and Job's Sincerity.Sari Kivistö & Sami Pihlström - 2016 - Philosophy and Literature 40 (2):347-365.
    This essay is based on a double perspective provided by literary reading and philosophy for approaching the problem of evil through a critical analysis of certain texts and characters constructed and represented in them, particularly Kant’s theodicy essay and its most important pre-text, the Book of Job. This methodology yields a novel approach to the familiar issue of theodicy vs. anti-theodicy. Our methodology differs from the more standard ways of examining philosophical ideas expressed in literature. In the (...)
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  46.  89
    Hegel on Comedy: Theodicy, Social Criticism, and the 'Supreme Task' of Art.Andrew Huddleston - 2014 - British Journal of Aesthetics 54 (2):227-240.
    According to Hegel, art in its ‘supreme task’ is engaged in ‘bringing to our minds and expressing the Divine, the deepest interests of mankind, and the most comprehensive truths of the spirit’. Raymond Geuss, in a highly illuminating paper, has connected Hegel’s conception of art’s supreme task with the project of theodicy. In this paper I explore Hegel’s aesthetics of comedy through this theodicy-based framework Geuss has proposed, and I consider what light this framework can shed on comedy (...)
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  47.  4
    A Theodicy.Stewart Goetz - 2003 - Philosophia Christi 5 (2):459-84.
  48.  24
    Evolution, Theodicy and Value.Robin Attfield - 2000 - Heythrop Journal 41 (3):281–296.
    In the first section I present a disagreement between a number of scholars concerning the goodness, indifference, evil or even wickedness both of nature and of nonhuman creatures. Section 2 examines and rejects the response to these diverse judgements that values are generated by human valuers employing different perspectives. In Section 3, the thesis that nonhuman animals are commonly either wicked or immoral is considered. The next two sections address the value or disvalue of predation and parasitism, and then of (...)
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  49.  34
    6. Evil and Theodicy.William Rowe - 1988 - Philosophical Topics 16 (2):119-132.
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  50.  20
    Evolution and Theodicy: How to Do Science and Theology.Neil Messer - 2018 - Zygon 53 (3):821-835.
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