52 found
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  1.  83
    Substances and universals in Aristotle's Metaphysics.Theodore Scaltsas - 1997 - Ithaca: Cornell University Press.
    The Theme A substance is a composite particular. If it is composed of further particulars, will the substance itself be one or many? ...
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  2. Substantial Holism.Theodore Scaltsas - 2015 - Philosophical Inquiry 39 (1):146-163.
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  3. Substance and Universals in Aristotle's Metaphysics.Theodore Scaltsas & Lynne Spellman - 1997 - Philosophical Quarterly 47 (189):536-539.
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  4.  62
    The philosophy of Epictetus.Theodore Scaltsas & Andrew S. Mason (eds.) - 2007 - New York: Oxford University Press.
    Written by some of the leading experts in the field, the essays in this volume will be a fascinating resource for students and scholars of ancient philosophy, ...
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  5.  85
    Is a whole identical to its parts?Theodore Scaltsas - 1990 - Mind 99 (396):583-598.
  6. The Ship of Theseus.Theodore Scaltsas - 1980 - Analysis 40 (3):152 - 157.
  7.  32
    Mixing the Elements.Theodore Scaltsas - 2009 - In Georgios Anagnostopoulos (ed.), A Companion to Aristotle. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell. pp. 242-259.
    Forthcoming in the Blackwell Companion to Aristotle, 2008.
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  8. Unity, identity, and explanation in Aristotle's metaphysics.Theodore Scaltsas, David Owain Maurice Charles & Mary Louise Gill (eds.) - 1994 - New York: Oxford University Press.
    This volume presents fourteen essays by leading figures in the fields of ancient philosophy and contemporary metaphysics, discussing Aristotle's theory of the unity and identity of substances, a topic that remains at the center of metaphysical enquiry. The contributors examine the nature of essences, how they differ from other components of substance, and how they are related to these other components. The central questions discussed are: What does Aristotle mean by "potentiality" and "actuality?" How do these concepts explicate matter and (...)
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  9. The Logic of the Dilemma of Participation and of the Third Man Argument.Theodore Scaltsas - 1989 - Apeiron 22 (4):67 - 90.
    In this paper i offer a detailed analysis of the dilemma of participation (parmenides, 130e-131e), in which plato considers the consequences of participation in the whole, and in a part of, a form. This analysis explains, in contrast to existing interpretations of the argument, plato's claim that participation in parts of a form is incompatible with the uniqueness of the form, and his modal claim that becoming equal by possessing part of the equal is absurd. In the second part of (...)
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  10.  45
    Identity, Origin and Spatiotemporal Continuity.Theodore Scaltsas - 1981 - Philosophy 56 (217):395 - 402.
  11. Relations as Plural-Predications in Plato.Theodore Scaltsas - 2013 - Studia Neoaristotelica 10 (1):28-49.
    Plato was the first philosopher to discover the metaphysical phenomenon of plural-subjects and plural-predication; e.g. you and I are two, but neither you, nor I are two. I argue that Plato devised an ontology for plural-predication through his Theory of Forms, namely, plural-partaking in a Form. Furthermore, I argue that Plato used plural-partaking to offer an ontology of related individuals without reifying relations. My contention is that Plato’s theory of plural-relatives has evaded detection in the exegetical literature because his account (...)
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  12. Brill Online Books and Journals.M. F. Burnyeat, Daniel W. Graham, G. E. R. Lloyd, Jonathan Lear, Theodore Scaltsas & Charles H. Kahn - 1992 - Phronesis 37 (2).
  13.  12
    On Ideas: Aristotle's Criticism of Plato's Theory of Forms.Theodore Scaltsas - 1994 - Philosophical Quarterly 44 (176):379-382.
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  14. Biological matter and perceptual powers in Aristotle's de Anima.Theodore Scaltsas - 1996 - Topoi 15 (1):25-37.
  15.  20
    Substratum, Subject, and Substance.Theodore Scaltsas - 1985 - Ancient Philosophy 5 (2):215-240.
  16.  14
    The Skeptical Tradition.Theodore Scaltsas - 1988 - Philosophical Quarterly 38 (150):130-131.
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  17.  29
    Sharing a Property.Theodore Scaltsas - 2017 - Philosophical Inquiry 41 (2-3):3-16.
    The Socratic discussion in the Hippias Major, 300-303, is not a passing comment on plural reference; it is a theory of plural subjecthood. It has escaped attention because it is a small part of a larger complex argument on the topic of which pleasures are fine. Socrates’s theory is further concealed by the fact that it is presented as an antithesis between Hippias and himself, whereas in fact, Hippias’s position becomes part of Socrates’s theory. I begin by examining Hippias’s position, (...)
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  18.  35
    Weakness of Will in Aristotle's Ethics.Theodore Scaltsas - 2016 - Philosophical Inquiry 40 (1-2):30-37.
  19. Essences, Powers, and Generic Propositions.Theodore Scaltsas, David Charles & Mary Louise Gill (eds.) - 1994 - Clarendon Press.
     
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  20.  83
    Substratum, Subject, and Substance.Theodore Scaltsas - 1985 - Ancient Philosophy 5 (2):215-240.
  21.  90
    Weakness of Will in Aristotle’s Ethics.Theodore Scaltsas - 1986 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 24 (3):375-382.
    I argue that in "en", Aristotle allows not only for weak akrasia but also for "strong akrasia". In weak akrasia, The agent makes only a "nominal" choice according to the right principle, While in strong akrasia he/she makes a "real" choice, But still acts against it. I show that, Although aristotle does not give a detailed account of strong akrasia, Such an account can be reconstructed on the basis of the analyses and examples of choice and akratic behaviour provided by (...)
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  22.  88
    A Necessary Falsehood in the Third Man Argument.Theodore Scaltsas - 1992 - Phronesis 37 (2):216-232.
  23. Knowledge as 'True Belief Plus Individuation' in Plato.Theodore Scaltsas - 2012 - Topoi 31 (2):137-149.
    In Republic V, Plato distinguishes two different cognitive powers, knowledge and belief, which operate differently on different types of object. I argue that in Republic VI Plato modifies this account, and claims that there is a single cognitive power, which under different circumstances behaves either as knowledge or as belief. I show that the circumstances which turn true belief into knowledge are the provision of an individuation account of the object of belief, which reveals the ontological status and the nature (...)
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  24. Sharing a property.Theodore Scaltsas - 2006 - In Lindsay Judson & Vassilis Karasmanis (eds.), Remembering Socrates: philosophical essays. New York: Oxford University Press.
     
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  25.  15
    Creativity through Lateral Thinking Techniques.Konstantine Alexopoulos & Theodore Scaltsas - 2018 - Proceedings of the XXIII World Congress of Philosophy 68:11-17.
    Creativity is an emerging field of research for philosophy. A diachronic cultural value and fundamental human ability, creativity poses a host of questions that challenge us both on a theoretical and practical level. In this paper we explore creativity through the use of problem-solving lateral thinking techniques, as part of the C2Learn European Community research program. Lateral thinking is defined and then classified into three distinct kinds: conceptual, diagrammatic and emotive. Each kind is then explicated and its basic principles examined, (...)
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  26.  29
    The Golden Age of Virtue: Aristotle's Ethics.Vasilis Politis & Theodore Scaltsas - 1995 - Philosophical Quarterly 45 (179):258.
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  27.  4
    Arguments and their Linguistic Realization.Theodore Scaltsas & Stasinos Konstantopoulos - 2018 - Proceedings of the XXIII World Congress of Philosophy 38:19-32.
    The aim of this report is to explore, collect and classify the surface characteristics of texts which contain arguments, and in particular arguments pertaining to policy. Our interest is in the automated identification of publically presented arguments, rather than in their success or failure as arguments. We are therefore not dwelling on their validity or their soundness, but on the way they are typically expressed. Of special interest to us are the policy arguments which give reasons for and against legislation (...)
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  28.  31
    Aristotle on Substance — The Paradox of Unity.Theodore Scaltsas - 1991 - Philosophical Books 32 (1):26-28.
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  29.  9
    BrainMining for our Wellbeing.Theodore Scaltsas - 2019 - Politeia 1 (1):17-29.
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  30.  6
    Brill Online Books and Journals.Theodore Scaltsas, Michael V. Wedin, Michael J. White, Anna Ioppolo, Christopher Rowe, Bob Sharples & Anne Sheppard - 1993 - Phronesis 38 (2):137-165.
  31.  24
    Commentary on Gotthelf.Theodore Scaltsas - 1988 - Proceedings of the Boston Area Colloquium of Ancient Philosophy 4 (1):140-147.
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  32.  4
    Extended and Embodied Values and Ideas.Theodore Scaltsas - 2018 - In Demetra Sfendoni-Mentzou (ed.), Aristotle - Contemporary Perspectives on His Thought: On the 2400th Anniversary of Aristotle's Birth. Boston: De Gruyter. pp. 167-178.
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  33.  55
    Good, Reason and Objectivity in Aristotle.Theodore Scaltsas - 1996 - In D. Koutras (ed.), Aristotelian Ethics and Its Influence. Athens, Greece: pp. 292-305.
    In the Nicomachean Ethics Aristotle begins his investigation by exploring the nature of the end of all action. In the very first sentence of the work he says: "Every art and every enquiry and similarly every action and pursuit is thought to aim at some good and for this reason the good has rightly been declared to be that at which all things aim". It is easy, says Aristotle, to find verbal agreement between people regarding that good because they all (...)
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  34.  44
    Identity, Individuation, and Uniqueness in Stoics Metaphysics.Theodore Scaltsas - 2011 - Philosophical Inquiry 34 (1-2):1-14.
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  35.  14
    In search of socrates.Theodore Scaltsas - 1993 - Philosophical Books 34 (3):129-137.
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  36.  61
    Knowledge as ‘True Belief Plus Individuation’ in Plato.Theodore Scaltsas - 2014 - Philosophical Inquiry 38 (3-4):20-41.
    In Republic V, Plato distinguishes two different cognitive powers, knowledge and belief, which operate differently on different types of object. I argue that in Republic VI Plato modifies this account, and claims that there is a single cognitive power, which under different circumstances behaves either as knowledge or as belief. I show that the circumstances which turn true belief into knowledge are the provision of an individuation account of the object of belief, which reveals the ontological status and the nature (...)
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  37. Mixed determinates : Pleasure, good, and truth.Theodore Scaltsas - 2006 - In Timothy Chappell (ed.), Values and Virtues: Aristotelianism in Contemporary Ethics. Oxford University Press.
  38.  62
    Metaphysical Models of the Mind in Aristotle.Theodore Scaltsas - 2016 - Philosophical Inquiry 40 (3-4):46-54.
  39.  30
    Primary Ousia: An Essay on Aristotle's Metaphysics Z and H.Theodore Scaltsas - 1992 - Philosophical Books 33 (3):139-142.
  40.  85
    Reciprocal Justice in Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics.Theodore Scaltsas - 1995 - Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie 77 (3):248-262.
  41.  20
    Substance, Form and Psyche: An Aristotelian Metaphysics.Theodore Scaltsas - 1989 - Philosophical Books 30 (2):82-85.
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  42. 'Socratic Moral Realism: An Alternative Justification.Theodore Scaltsas - 1989 - Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy 7:129-50.
  43.  1
    The Individuation of Substances in Aristotle.Theodore Scaltsas - 1983
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  44.  97
    The Ontology of Knowledge and Belief in Republic V.Theodore Scaltsas - unknown
    In Republic V, Plato makes the astonishing claim that knowledge is a different and independent power from belief, in the way, for example, that sight differs from hearing. I will argue that this is a fundamentally different conception of knowledge than the, also Platonic, conception of knowledge as 'true belief with an account'. I examine the reasons why Plato holds this position, and the ontology and epistemology which sustain its claims.
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  45.  35
    The uniqueness of particulars.Theodore Scaltsas - 1984 - Philosophia 14 (3-4):273-297.
  46.  8
    Wellbeing in Aristotle.Theodore Scaltsas - 2019 - Politeia 1 (2):45-56.
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  47.  16
    Weakness of Will in Aristotle's Ethics.Theodore Scaltsas - 1986 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 24 (3):375-382.
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  48.  45
    XIII*—Fairness in Socratic Justice—Republic I†.Theodore Scaltsas - 1993 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 93 (1):247-262.
    Theodore Scaltsas; XIII*—Fairness in Socratic Justice—Republic I†, Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society, Volume 93, Issue 1, 1 June 1993, Pages 247–262, http.
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  49.  65
    Aristotle's “Second Man” Argument.Theodore Scaltsas - 1993 - Phronesis 38 (2):117-136.
  50.  19
    Parallel Governing.Theodore Scaltsas - 1990 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 7 (2):153-158.
    ABSTRACT Parallel processing systems can carry out computational tasks which would be impossible to be carried out by sequential systems. Cognitive psychologists are discovering that brains do not operate on a sequential ordering of tasks, but along parallel processing models. Sequential ordering is abandoned in the new generation computers, which are being designed on evolving parallel processing models. My proposal consists in applying the parallel processing principles to the state, creating a ‘parallel governing’model for the decision‐making procedures at the political (...)
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