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Profile: Theodore Scaltsas (University of Edinburgh)
  1. Sharing a Property.Theodore Scaltsas - 2006 - In Lindsay Judson & V. Karasmanēs (eds.), Remembering Socrates: Philosophical Essays. Oxford University Press.
     
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  2.  71
    Relations as Plural-Predications in Plato.Theodore Scaltsas - 2013 - Studia Neoaristotelica 10 (1):28-49.
    Plato was the first philosopher to discover the metaphysical phenomenon of plural-subjects and plural-predication; e.g. you and I are two, but neither you, nor I are two. I argue that Plato devised an ontology for plural-predication through his Theory of Forms, namely, plural-partaking in a Form. Furthermore, I argue that Plato used plural-partaking to offer an ontology of related individuals without reifying relations. My contention is that Plato’s theory of plural-relatives has evaded detection in the exegetical literature because his account (...)
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  3.  94
    The Ship of Theseus.Theodore Scaltsas - 1980 - Analysis 40 (3):152 - 157.
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  4.  72
    Knowledge as 'True Belief Plus Individuation' in Plato.Theodore Scaltsas - 2012 - Topoi 31 (2):137-149.
    In Republic V, Plato distinguishes two different cognitive powers, knowledge and belief, which operate differently on different types of object. I argue that in Republic VI Plato modifies this account, and claims that there is a single cognitive power, which under different circumstances behaves either as knowledge or as belief. I show that the circumstances which turn true belief into knowledge are the provision of an individuation account of the object of belief, which reveals the ontological status and the nature (...)
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  5.  5
    Sharing a Property.Theodore Scaltsas - 2017 - Philosophical Inquiry 41 (2-3):3-16.
    The Socratic discussion in the Hippias Major, 300-303, is not a passing comment on plural reference; it is a theory of plural subjecthood. It has escaped attention because it is a small part of a larger complex argument on the topic of which pleasures are fine. Socrates’s theory is further concealed by the fact that it is presented as an antithesis between Hippias and himself, whereas in fact, Hippias’s position becomes part of Socrates’s theory. I begin by examining Hippias’s position, (...)
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  6.  69
    Biological Matter and Perceptual Powers in Aristotle's de Anima.Theodore Scaltsas - 1996 - Topoi 15 (1):25-37.
  7.  36
    The Logic of the Dilemma of Participation and of the Third Man Argument.Theodore Scaltsas - 1989 - Apeiron 22 (4):67 - 90.
    In this paper i offer a detailed analysis of the dilemma of participation (parmenides, 130e-131e), in which plato considers the consequences of participation in the whole, and in a part of, a form. This analysis explains, in contrast to existing interpretations of the argument, plato's claim that participation in parts of a form is incompatible with the uniqueness of the form, and his modal claim that becoming equal by possessing part of the equal is absurd. In the second part of (...)
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  8.  19
    Substantial Holism.Theodore Scaltsas - 2015 - Philosophical Inquiry 39 (1):146-163.
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  9. Brill Online Books and Journals.M. F. Burnyeat, Daniel W. Graham, G. E. R. Lloyd, Jonathan Lear, Theodore Scaltsas & Charles H. Kahn - 1992 - Phronesis 37 (2).
  10.  14
    Weakness of Will in Aristotle's Ethics.Theodore Scaltsas - 2016 - Philosophical Inquiry 40 (1):30-37.
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  11.  56
    The Ontology of Knowledge and Belief in Republic V.Theodore Scaltsas - unknown
    In Republic V, Plato makes the astonishing claim that knowledge is a different and independent power from belief, in the way, for example, that sight differs from hearing. I will argue that this is a fundamentally different conception of knowledge than the, also Platonic, conception of knowledge as 'true belief with an account'. I examine the reasons why Plato holds this position, and the ontology and epistemology which sustain its claims.
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  12.  44
    Reciprocal Justice in Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics.Theodore Scaltsas - 1995 - Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie 77 (3):248-262.
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  13.  40
    Is a Whole Identical to its Parts?Theodore Scaltsas - 1990 - Mind 99 (396):583-598.
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  14.  44
    Substratum, Subject, and Substance.Theodore Scaltsas - 1985 - Ancient Philosophy 5 (2):215-240.
  15.  10
    Metaphysical Models of the Mind in Aristotle.Theodore Scaltsas - 2016 - Philosophical Inquiry 40 (3):46-54.
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  16.  47
    Weakness of Will in Aristotle's Ethics.Theodore Scaltsas - 1986 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 24 (3):375-382.
    I argue that in "en", Aristotle allows not only for weak akrasia but also for "strong akrasia". In weak akrasia, The agent makes only a "nominal" choice according to the right principle, While in strong akrasia he/she makes a "real" choice, But still acts against it. I show that, Although aristotle does not give a detailed account of strong akrasia, Such an account can be reconstructed on the basis of the analyses and examples of choice and akratic behaviour provided by (...)
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  17.  22
    Identity, Individuation, and Uniqueness in Stoics Metaphysics.Theodore Scaltsas - 2011 - Philosophical Inquiry 34 (1/2):1-14.
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  18. 'Socratic Moral Realism: An Alternative Justification.Theodore Scaltsas - 1989 - Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy 7:129-50.
  19.  11
    Identity, Origin and Spatiotemporal Continuity.Theodore Scaltsas - 1981 - Philosophy 56 (217):395 - 402.
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  20. Substance and Universals in Aristotle's Metaphysics.Theodore Scaltsas & Lynne Spellman - 1997 - Philosophical Quarterly 47 (189):536-539.
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  21.  25
    Good, Reason and Objectivity in Aristotle.Theodore Scaltsas - unknown
    In the Nicomachean Ethics Aristotle begins his investigation by exploring the nature of the end of all action. In the very first sentence of the work he says: "Every art and every enquiry and similarly every action and pursuit is thought to aim at some good and for this reason the good has rightly been declared to be that at which all things aim" (1094al-3). It is easy, says Aristotle, to find verbal agreement between people regarding that good because they (...)
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  22.  21
    A Necessary Falsehood in the Third Man Argument.Theodore Scaltsas - 1992 - Phronesis 37 (2):216-232.
  23.  16
    Practical Reason, Aristotle, and Weakness of the Will.Theodore Scaltsas - 1989 - Ancient Philosophy 9 (2):326-328.
  24.  5
    Knowledge as ‘True Belief Plus Individuation’ in Plato.Theodore Scaltsas - 2014 - Philosophical Inquiry 38 (3):20-41.
    In Republic V, Plato distinguishes two different cognitive powers, knowledge and belief, which operate differently on different types of object. I argue that in Republic VI Plato modifies this account, and claims that there is a single cognitive power, which under different circumstances behaves either as knowledge or as belief. I show that the circumstances which turn true belief into knowledge are the provision of an individuation account of the object of belief, which reveals the ontological status and the nature (...)
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  25.  9
    Aristotle on Substance — The Paradox of Unity.Theodore Scaltsas - 1991 - Philosophical Books 32 (1):26-28.
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  26.  16
    A Necessary Falsehood in the Third Man Argument.Theodore Scaltsas - 1992 - Phronesis 37 (2):216-232.
  27.  16
    The Uniqueness of Particulars.Theodore Scaltsas - 1984 - Philosophia 14 (3-4):273-297.
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  28.  14
    Aristotle's “Second Man” Argument.Theodore Scaltsas - 1993 - Phronesis 38 (2):117-136.
  29.  7
    Parallel Governing.Theodore Scaltsas - 1990 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 7 (2):153-158.
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  30.  14
    Aristotle's "Second Man" Argument.Theodore Scaltsas - 1993 - Phronesis 38 (2):117 - 136.
  31.  12
    Mixing the Elements.Theodore Scaltsas - unknown
    Forthcoming in the Blackwell Companion to Aristotle, 2008.
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  32.  5
    Commentary on Gotthelf.Theodore Scaltsas - 1988 - Proceedings of the Boston Area Colloquium of Ancient Philosophy 4 (1):140-147.
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  33.  2
    XIII—Fairness in Socratic Justice—RepublicI.Theodore Scaltsas - 1993 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 93 (1):247-262.
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  34.  1
    Weakness of Will in Aristotle’s Ethics.Theodore Scaltsas - 1986 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 24 (3):375-382.
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  35.  4
    Primary Ousia: An Essay on Aristotle's Metaphysics Z and H.Theodore Scaltsas - 1992 - Philosophical Books 33 (3):139-142.
  36.  4
    The Golden Age of Virtue: Aristotle's Ethics.Vasilis Politis & Theodore Scaltsas - 1995 - Philosophical Quarterly 45 (179):258.
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  37.  6
    Fairness in Socratic Justice: "Republic" I.Theodore Scaltsas - 1992 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 93:247 - 262.
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  38.  2
    Substance, Form and Psyche: An Aristotelian Metaphysics.Theodore Scaltsas - 1989 - Philosophical Books 30 (2):82-85.
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  39.  1
    In Search of Socrates.Theodore Scaltsas - 1993 - Philosophical Books 34 (3):129-137.
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  40. Mixed Determinates : Pleasure, Good, and Truth.Theodore Scaltsas - 2006 - In T. D. J. Chappell (ed.), Values and Virtues: Aristotelianism in Contemporary Ethics. Oxford University Press.
  41. Brill Online Books and Journals.Theodore Scaltsas, Michael V. Wedin, Michael J. White, Anna Ioppolo, Christopher Rowe, Bob Sharples & Anne Sheppard - 1993 - Phronesis 38 (2).
  42. Essences, Powers, and Generic Propositions.Theodore Scaltsas, David Charles & Mary Louise Gill (eds.) - 1994 - Clarendon Press.
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  43. M. Burnyeat , "The Skeptical Tradition". [REVIEW]Theodore Scaltsas - 1988 - Philosophical Quarterly 38 (50):130.
     
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  44. Practical Reason, Aristotle, and Weakness of the Will. [REVIEW]Theodore Scaltsas - 1989 - Ancient Philosophy 9 (2):326-328.
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  45. "Practical Reason, Aristotle, and Weakness of the Will", by Norman O. Dahl. [REVIEW]Theodore Scaltsas - 1989 - Ancient Philosophy 9 (2):326.
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  46. Substratum, Subject, and Substance.Theodore Scaltsas - 1985 - Ancient Philosophy 5 (2):215-240.
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  47. The Philosophy of Epictetus.Scaltsas Theodore & S. Mason Andrew (eds.) - 2007 - Oxford University Press.
    The Stoic philosopher Epictetus has always been one of the most influential of ancient thinkers. Ten specially written papers discuss his thought on a wide range of subjects, including ethics, logic, theology, and psychology; explore his relations to his predecessors; and examine his influence on later thinkers.
     
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