Results for 'Theoretical reason'

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  1. Chauncey Wright: Theoretical Reason in a Naturalist Account of Human Consciousness.Serge Grigoriev - 2012 - Journal of the History of Ideas 73 (4):559-582.
    Chauncey Wright was an early intellectual follower of Darwin, and a mentor to American pragmatists, C.S. Peirce and William James. Starting with the discussion of Wright’s interpretation of natural selection, the paper proceeds to outline the distinction he draws between theoretical (scientific) and practical consciousness and the way that this distinction plays out in his account of the development of human consciousness within the context of natural selection. Formulating the problem of reconfiguring the relationship between instrumental intelligence and detached (...)
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  2. How to Compare Pragmatic and Alethic Reasons for Belief (Ch 2. Of The Pragmatic Foundations of Theoretical Reason).Andrew Reisner - manuscript
    This book develops a view, welfare pluralism, which comprises two theses. One is that there are both irreducibly alethic or epistemic reasons for belief and irreducibly pragmatic (and non-alethic) reasons for belief. The other is that despite this, the source of all normativity is pragmatic in a particular way, i.e. that all reasons are reasons in virtue of their being conducive to wellbeing. The pluralist theory of reasons emerges from the irreducibly plural nature of the components of wellbeing, on of (...)
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  3. Theoretical and Practical Reason: A Critical Rationalist View.Danny Frederick - manuscript
    If the task of theoretical reason is to discover truth, or reasons for belief, then theoretical reason is impossible. Attempts to circumvent that by appeal to probabilities are self-defeating. If the task of practical reason is to discover what we ought to do or what actions are desirable or valuable, then practical reason is impossible. Appeals to the subjective ought or to subjective probabilities are self-defeating. Adapting Karl Popper, I argue that the task of (...)
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  4. Kant on the Unity of Theoretical and Practical Reason.Pauline Kleingeld - 1998 - Review of Metaphysics 52 (2):500-528.
    In his critical works of the 1780's, Kant claims, seemingly inconsistently, that (1) theoretical and practical reason are one and the same reason, applied differently, (2) that he still needs to show that they are, and (3) that theoretical and practical reason are united. I first argue that current interpretations of Kant's doctrine of the unity of reason are insufficient. But rather than concluding that Kant’s doctrine becomes coherent only in the Critique of Judgment, (...)
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  5.  46
    Is the Categorical Imperative the Highest Principle of Both Pure Practical and Theoretical Reason?Heiner F. Klemme - 2014 - Kantian Review 19 (1):119-126.
    In her new book, Patricia Kitcher supports Onora O'Neill's view that the categorical imperative is the highest principle of both practical and theoretical reason. I claim that neither O'Neill's original interpretation nor Kitcher's additional evidence in favour of it are convincing. At its core, this misconception of Kant's position consists in the identification of self-referential critique of reason with the concept of autonomy. It will be shown that the (Kant) of both practical and theoretical reason (...)
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  6.  60
    The Demand for Systematicity and the Authority of Theoretical Reason in Kant.Sasha Mudd - 2017 - Kantian Review 22 (1):81-106.
  7. Contextualizing Theoretical Reason: Thomas Aquinas and Postmodern Thought.G. M. Reichberg - 1995 - Aquinas 38 (2):249-272.
     
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  8.  15
    Theoretical and Practical Reason in Economics: Capacities and Capabilities. [REVIEW]Thomas R. Wells - 2014 - Journal of Economic Methodology 21 (2):202-207.
    (2014). Theoretical and practical reason in economics: capacities and capabilities. Journal of Economic Methodology: Vol. 21, No. 2, pp. 202-207. doi: 10.1080/1350178X.2014.910937.
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  9. Kant's Account of Nature's Systematicity and the Unity of Theoretical and Practical Reason.Lara Ostaric - 2009 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 52 (2):155 – 178.
    In this paper I argue that if one is to do justice to reason's unity in Kant, then one must acknowledge that reason's practical ends are presupposed in every theoretical investigation of nature. Thus, contrary to some other commentators, I contend that the notion of the metaphysical ground of the unity of nature should not be attributed to the “dynamics of reason” and its “own practical purposes.” Instead, the metaphysical ground of the unity of nature is (...)
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  10.  2
    The Contradictory Unity of Faith and Reason in Christian Theoretical Thought.Sergey N. Astapov - 2019 - Hts Theological Studies 75 (4):1-9.
    This article aims to demonstrate the unity of faith and reason as irrational and rational elements of the theoretical religious discourse on instances of Christian theoretical thought. This unity was represented as a dialectical contradiction, the violation of which led to the destruction of religious discourse. The contradictory unity of faith and reason was researched in European medieval philosophy and Russian religious philosophy in the first half of the 20th century and in the theoretical systems (...)
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  11.  95
    Unity in Variety: Theoretical, Practical and Aesthetic Reason in Kant.Keren Gorodeisky - forthcoming - In Konstantin Pollok & Gerad Gentry (eds.), The Imagination in German Idealism and Romanticism.
    The main task of the paper is to explore Kant’s understanding of what unites the three kinds of judgment that he regards as the signature judgments of the three fundamental faculties of the mind--theoretical, practical and aesthetic judgments--in a way that preserves their fundamental differences. I argue that these are differences in kind not only in degree; or, in the terms I motivate in the paper, differences in form. Thus, I aim to show that (1) the Romantic unity of (...)
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  12.  86
    A Discourse-Theoretical Conception of Practical Reason.Robert Alexy - 1992 - Ratio Juris 5 (3):231-251.
    Contemporary discussions about practical reason or practical rationality invoke four competing views which can be named as follows by reference to their historical models: Aristotelian, Hobbesian, Kantian and Nietzschean. The subject-matter of this article is a defence of the Kantian conception of practical rationality in the interpretation of discourse theory. At the heart, lies the justification and the application of the rules of discourse. An argument consisting of three parts is pre sented to justify the rules of discourse. The (...)
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  13.  16
    Raymond M. Smullyan. Logicians Who Reason About Themselves. Theoretical Aspects of Reasoning About Knowledge, Proceedings of the 1986 Conference, Edited by Joseph Y. Halpern, Morgan Kaufmann Publishers, Los Altos1986, Pp. 341–352. [REVIEW]William J. Rapaport - 1988 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 53 (2):668-669.
  14.  56
    A Reason for Theoretical Terms.Haim Gaifman, DanielN Osherson & Scott Weinstein - 1990 - Erkenntnis 32 (2):149 - 159.
    The presence of nonobservational vocabulary is shown to be necessary for wide application of a conservative principle of theory revision.
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  15.  36
    ((Review of Celia Wolf-Devine, Descartes on Seeing: Epistemology and Visual Perception , ISBN 0-8093-1838-5); Thomas Hobbes, Leviathan, with Selected Variants Front the Latin Edition of 1668, Ed. With Introduction and Notes, by Edwin Curley , ISBN 0-87220-178-3 , 0-87220-177-5 ; Allison Coudert, Leibniz and the Kabbalah , ISBN 0-7923-3114-1; Richard Price, The Correspondence, Ed. D. O. Thomas and W. Bernard Peach, Vol. III. February 1786-February 1791, Ed. W. Bernard Peach. , ISBN 0-8223-1327-8; Henry Allison, Idealism and Freedom: Essays on Kant's Theoretical and Practical Philosophy , ISBN 0-521-48295-X , 0-521-48337-9 ; Terry Pinkard, Hegel's Phenomenology: The Sociality of Reason , ISBN 0-521-45300-3); Mary Anne Perkins, Coleridge's Philosophy, The Logos as Unifying Principle , ISBN 0-19-824075-9; Elzbieta Ettinger, Hannah Arendt - Martin Heidegger , ISBN 0-300-06407-1; Dana R. Villa, Arendt and Heidegger - The Fate of the Political ISBN 0-691-04400-7. [REVIEW]Margaret Wilson, Karl Schuhmann, Nicholas Fox, John Stephens & Ralph Walker - 1997 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 5 (2):415-445.
  16. The Intellectual Animal Kingdom or the Crafty Little Vixen Regarding the Unity of Theoretical and Practical Reason in the Mind of Hegel's Phenomenology.Klaus Vieweg - forthcoming - Hegel-Studien.
     
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  17.  12
    Models of Reason, Types of Principles and Reasoning. Historical Comments and Theoretical Outlines.Enrico Pattaro - 1988 - Ratio Juris 1 (2):109-122.
  18.  26
    Kantian Walls and Bridges: Challenging the Integrationist Model of the Relation of Theoretical and Practical Reason.Paul Abela - 2002 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 10 (4):591-615.
  19.  5
    Reason as One for Another: Moral and Theoretical Argument in the Philosophy of Levinas.Steven G. Smith - 1981 - Journal of the British Society for Phenomenology 12 (3):231-244.
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  20.  12
    Theoretical Strengths and Empirical Weaknesses: Habermas's Pragmatics in Cooke's Language and Reason.James Bohman - 1995 - Pragmatics and Cognition 3 (2):299-316.
  21.  7
    Kant's Theoretical Philosophy: A Commentary to the Central Part of the "Critique of Pure Reason.".D. P. Dryer, Felix Grayeff & David Walford - 1972 - Philosophical Review 81 (3):389.
  22.  8
    Kant's Theoretical Philosophy: A Commentary to the Central Part of the 'Critique of Pure Reason'.Felix Grayeff - 1970 - New York: Barnes & Noble.
  23.  16
    From Epistemology to Ethics: Theoretical and Practical Reason in Kant and Douglass.Timothy J. Golden - 2012 - Journal of Religious Ethics 40 (4):603-628.
    The aim of this essay is to provide a philosophical discussion of Frederick Douglass's thought in relation to Christianity. I expand upon the work of Bill E. Lawson and Frank M. Kirkland—who both argue that there are Kantian features present in Douglass as it relates to his conception of the individual—by arguing that there are similarities between Douglass and Kant not only concerning the relationship between morality and Christianity, but also concerning the nature of the soul. Specifically, I try to (...)
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  24.  7
    Chapter Five. Theoretical And Practical Reason.Gabriel Richardson Lear - 2009 - In Happy Lives and the Highest Good: An Essay on Aristotle's "Nicomachean Ethics". Princeton University Press. pp. 93-122.
  25. From History and Reason to Tradition and Particular Practice-Ahistorism and Antiintellectualism as 2 Theoretical Motifs of Contemporary West-German Conservatism.M. Havelka - 1986 - Filosoficky Casopis 34 (4):609-621.
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  26. Pt. I. Theoretical and Methodological Issues. Methods in Bioethics / James Childress ; The Way We Reason Now: Reflective Equilibrium in Bioethics / John Arras ; Autonomy / Bruce Jennings ; Mental Disorder, Moral Agency, and the Self / Jeanette Kennett ; 'Reinventing' the Rule of Double Effect. [REVIEW]Daniel Sulmasy - 2007 - In Bonnie Steinbock (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Bioethics. Oxford University Press.
  27. Kant’s Theoretical Philosophy: A Commentary to the Central Part of the ‘Critique of Pure Reason’.David Walford & Felix Grayeff - 1970 - Manchester University Press.
  28. Kant's Revolution of Denkungsart in Theoretical and Practical View-Towards Anamnesis of Self-Willing Enlightened Reason.Joerg Werneeke - 2005 - Synthesis Philosophica 20 (1):121-140.
     
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  29. Reasoning Without the Principle of Sufficient Reason.Shieva Kleinschmidt - 2013 - In Tyron Goldschmidt (ed.), The Philosophy of Existence: Why Is There Something Rather Than Nothing? Routledge. pp. 64-79.
    According to Principles of Sufficient Reason, every truth (in some relevant group) has an explanation. One of the most popular defenses of Principles of Sufficient Reason has been the presupposition of reason defense, which takes endorsement of the defended PSR to play a crucial role in our theory selection. According to recent presentations of this defense, our method of theory selection often depends on the assumption that, if a given proposition is true, then it has an explanation, (...)
     
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  30. Is There Reason to Be Theoretically Rational?Andrew Reisner - 2011 - In Andrew Reisner & Asbjørn Steglich-Petersen (eds.), Reasons for Belief. Cambridge University Press.
    An important advance in normativity research over the last decade is an increased understanding of the distinction, and difference, between normativity and rationality. Normativity concerns or picks out a broad set of concepts that have in common that they are, put loosely, guiding. For example, consider two commonly used normative concepts: that of a normative reason and that of ought. To have a normative reason to perform some action is for there to be something that counts in favour (...)
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  31. Two Thesis About the Distinctness of Practical and Theoretical Normativity.Andrew Reisner - 2018 - In C. McHugh, J. Way & D. Whiting (eds.), Normativity: Epistemic and Practical. Oxford, United Kingdom: Oxford University Press. pp. 221-240.
    In tradition linked to Aristotle and Kant, many contemporary philosophers treat practical and theoretical normativity as two genuinely distinct domains of normativity. In this paper I consider the question of what it is for normative domains to be distinct. I suggest that there are two different ways that the distinctness thesis might be understood and consider the different implications of the two different distinctness theses.
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  32. Qui Est L'Homme?Miklos Vetö - 2015 - Annuario Filosofico 31:21-32.
    Man’s essence is not to be found in his belonging to a species, i.e. in his possessing of an essence. And our humanity is not to be defined according to our being “rational”: theoretical reason stands in a metaphysical continuity with sensation and perception, realities of the natural world. Man is, however, not a given, natural thing but a being existing in history. Our history’s principle and energy is freedom. Each of us receives a call to become and (...)
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  33.  19
    Kant’s Standpoint Distinction.Markus Kohl - 2018 - Kantian Review 23 (2):229-255.
    I examine what Kant means when he appeals to different "standpoints". I argue that Kant seeks to contrast an empirical, anthropocentric standpoint with a normative, more than human standpoint. Against common interpretations, I argue that the normative standpoint is not confined to practical reason, since theoretical reason is concerned with what ought to be as well. Finally, I defend the coherence of Kant’s distinction against important objections.
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  34. The Architecture of Reason: The Structure and Substance of Rationality.Robert Audi - 2001 - Oxford University Press.
    The literature on theoretical reason has been dominated by epistemological concerns, treatments of practical reason by ethical concerns. This book overcomes the limitations of dealing with each separately. It sets out a comprehensive theory of rationality applicable to both practical and theoretical reason. In both domains, Audi explains how experience grounds rationality, delineates the structure of central elements, and attacks the egocentric conception of rationality. He establishes the rationality of altruism and thereby supports major moral (...)
  35. Akrasia and the Problem of the Unity of Reason.Derek Clayton Baker - 2015 - Ratio 28 (1):65-80.
    Joseph Raz and Sergio Tenenbaum argue that the Guise of the Good thesis explains both the possibility of practical reason and its unity with theoretical reason, something Humean psychological theories may be unable to do. This paper will argue, however, that Raz and Tenenbaum face a dilemma: either the version of the Guise of the Good they offer is too strong to allow for weakness of will, or it will lose its theoretical advantage in preserving the (...)
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  36. Reason in its Practical Application.E. Sonny Elizondo - 2013 - Philosophers' Imprint 13:1-17.
    Is practical reason a cognitive faculty? Do practical judgments make claims about a subject matter that are appropriately assessed in terms of their agreement with that subject matter? According to Kantians like Christine Korsgaard, the answer is no. To think otherwise is to conflate the theoretical and the practical, the epistemic and the ethical. I am not convinced. In this paper, I motivate my skepticism through examination of the very figure who inspires Korsgaard’s rejection of cognitivism: Kant. For (...)
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  37.  22
    Transcendental Arguments and Practical Reason in Indian Philosophy.Dan Arnold - 2008 - Argumentation 22 (1):135-147.
    This paper examines some Indian philosophical arguments that are understandable as transcendental arguments—i.e., arguments whose conclusions cannot be denied without self-contradiction, insofar as the truth of the claim in question is a condition of the possibility even of any such denial. This raises the question of what kind of self-contradiction is involved—e.g., pragmatic self-contradiction, or the kind that goes with logical necessity. It is suggested that these arguments involve something like practical reason—indeed, that they just are arguments against the (...)
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  38.  19
    Hegel, Reason, and Idealism.Philip J. Kain - 1997 - Idealistic Studies 27 (1/2):97-112.
    One of Hegel's major concerns is to decide the place, importance, and scope of reason. Grand claims have traditionally been made on its behalf--that it is the highest form of knowledge capable of knowing all that can be known. This article examines the central role that theoretical reason plays, for Hegel, in leading us toward idealism, its failure to live up to its grand claims, its failure to adequately establish idealism, and the way in which this failure, (...)
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  39.  8
    Reason and Ethos: Consequences of Their Separation and Necessity of Their Unity.Mihailo Markovic - 2003 - Filozofija I Društvo 2003 (21):19-32.
    Although the concept of "reason" acquired a precise meaning and clearly defined field of validity only in Kant's critical philosophy, the term has a long genesis in European intellectual history. The roots of the concept lie in the Greek concept of the logos and may be reduced to six basic meanings. The earliest Greek thinkers used the word logos to denote the logical structure of the human thought and the rational structure of the world. Anaxagoras considered the all-embracing spiritual (...)
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  40.  28
    Reason in Human Affairs.Herbert Simon - 1983 - Stanford University Press.
    What can reason do for us and what can't it do? This is the question examined by Herbert A. Simon, who received the 1978 Nobel Prize in Economic Sciences "for his pioneering work on decision-making processes in economic organizations." The ability to apply reason to the choice of actions is supposed to be one of the defining characteristics of our species. In the first two chapters, the author explores the nature and limits of human reason, comparing and (...)
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  41. Should Scientific Realists Embrace Theoretical Conservatism?Finnur Dellsén - 2018 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A:30-38.
    A prominent type of scientific realism holds that some important parts of our best current scientific theories are at least approximately true. According to such realists, radically distinct alternatives to these theories or theory-parts are unlikely to be approximately true. Thus one might be tempted to argue, as the prominent anti-realist Kyle Stanford recently did, that realists of this kind have little or no reason to encourage scientists to attempt to identify and develop theoretical alternatives that are radically (...)
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  42.  14
    Expansion of Self-Consciousness in Kant’s Critique of Pure Reason.Olga Lenczewska - 2019 - Kant-Studien 110 (4):554–594.
    This paper is a novel attempt at reconstructing Kant’s account of self-consciousness in the first Critique by making evident its gradual expository progression, and at identifying the epistemic status of the two modes of self-consciousness: pure and empirical. I trace the gradual exposition of theoretical self-consciousness across three crucial parts of the book: the Transcendental Deduction, the Refutation of Idealism, and the Paralogisms of Pure Reason. In doing so, I show that the account of theoretical self-consciousness is (...)
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  43. The Unity of Reason: Rereading Kant.Susan Neiman - 1994 - Oxford University Press.
    The Unity of Reason is the first major study of Kant's account of reason. It argues that Kant's wide-ranging interests and goals can only be understood by redirecting attention from epistemological questions of his work to those concerning the nature of reason. Rather than accepting a notion of reason given by his predecessors, a fundamental aim of Kant's philosophy is to reconceive the nature of reason. This enables us to understand Kant's insistence on the unity (...)
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  44. Practical Reason and Respect for Persons.Melissa McBay Merritt - 2017 - Kantian Review 22 (1):53-79.
    My project is to reconsider the Kantian conception of practical reason. Some Kantians think that practical reasoning must be more active than theoretical reasoning, on the putative grounds that such reasoning need not contend with what is there anyway, independently of its exercise. Behind that claim stands the thesis that practical reason is essentially efficacious. I accept the efficacy principle, but deny that it underwrites this inference about practical reason. My inquiry takes place against the background (...)
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  45.  41
    Kant's Early Critics: The Empiricist Critique of the Theoretical Philosophy.Brigitte Sassen (ed.) - 2000 - Cambridge University Press.
    This book, first published in 2000, offers translations of the initial critical reactions to Kant's philosophy. Also included is a selection of writings by Kant's contemporaries who took on the task of defending the critical philosophy against early attacks. The first aim of this collection is to show in detail how Kant was understood and misunderstood by his contemporaries. The second aim is to reveal the sorts of arguments that Kant and his first disciples mounted in their defense of the (...)
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  46. Kant and the Discipline of Reason.Brian A. Chance - 2016 - European Journal of Philosophy 24 (2):87-110.
    Kant's notion of ‘discipline’ has received considerable attention from scholars of his philosophy of education, but its role in his theoretical philosophy has been largely ignored. This omission is surprising since his discussion of discipline in the first Critique is not only more extensive and expansive in scope than his other discussions but also predates them. The goal of this essay is to provide a comprehensive reading of the Discipline that emphasizes its systematic importance in the first Critique. I (...)
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  47.  45
    Scientific Facts and Methods in Public Reason.Karin Jønch-Clausen & Klemens Kappel - 2016 - Res Publica 22 (2):117-133.
    Should scientific facts and methods have an epistemically privileged status in public reason? In Rawls’s public reason account he asserts what we will label the Scientific Standard Stricture: citizens engaged in public reason must be guided by non-controversial scientific methods, and public reason must be in line with non-controversial scientific conclusions. The Scientific Standard Stricture is meant to fulfill important tasks such as enabling the determinateness and publicity of the public reason framework. However, Rawls leaves (...)
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  48.  48
    The Roots of Reason: Philosophical Essays on Rationality, Evolution, and Probability.David Papineau - 2003 - Oxford University Press.
    David Papineau presents a controversial view of human reason, portraying it as a normal part of the natural world, and drawing on the empirical sciences to illuminate its workings. In these six interconnected essays he discusses both theoretical and practical rationality, and shows how evolutionary theory, decision theory, and quantum mechanics offer fresh approaches to some long-standing problems.
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  49.  34
    Religion and Moral Reason: A New Method for Comparative Study.Ronald Michael Green - 1988 - Oxford University Press.
    Using the theoretical approach he introduced in his acclaimed Religious Reason (Oxford, 1978), and drawing on contemporary rationalist ethical theory as well as a variety of religious traditions and issues, Ronald M. Green here provides a simple, effective model for understanding the complexity of religious life. He shows clearly and convincingly that the basic processes of religious reasoning are the same everywhere and that they give rise, in perfectly understandable ways, to the rich diversity of religious expression worldwide. (...)
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  50. Kant and Rousseau on the Critique of Philosophical Theology: The Primacy of Practical Reason.Philip A. Quadrio - 2009 - Sophia 48 (2):179-193.
    This paper explores the Rousseauian background to Kant’s critique of metaphysics and philosophical theology. The core idea is that the rejection of metaphysics and philosophical theology is part of a turn from theoretical to practical reason influential on European philosophy of religion, a turn we associate with Kant but that is prefigured by Rousseau. Rousseau is not, however, a thinker normally associated with the notion of metaphysical criticism, nor the notion of the primacy of practical reason. The (...)
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